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Fighting PnwerDlitiesinCnnsl | ■ —■— ■' ■ .£&.-' -■ ■■• _ TuTbOYS CANTESnT The Silver Canning Colora, Md. J. Wm. Liddell, Colora, Md. Chas. B. Silver & Son, Leslie, Md. Cameron Bros., Rising Sun, Md. Flight Illusion Created By Bell Artist’s drawing shows the three basic sections of the Navy’s new Flight Crew Trainer developed by Bell Telephone Laboratories: (1) Control desks in instructor’s room; (2) Electrical computing apparatus; (3) Forward section of PBM-S Mariner flying boat reproduced in trainer. How the Navy uses a remarkable electronically-operated “flight train er” developed by the Bell Telephone Laboratories to train bomber crews on the ground as air combat teams was demonstrated recently at the Patuxent River, Maryland, base of Naval Air Transport Service. The plane simulated at Patuxent River is a PBM-3 (Mariner) flying boat and is in the form of a “mock up” of part of the hull. This is used as a trainer plane and is located at one end of a narrow building. Two rooms away is the instructor’s desk, with its associated duplicate instru ment panels, and at the far end of the building is the electronic equip ment that connects the two and oper ates the “flight trainer” as though it were actually flying. Bell Laboratories scientists working at the instance of Captain Louis de Florez, U. S. N. R., head of the Bu reau of Aeronautics’ Special Devices Division, are responsible for this flight illusion. The trainer at Patux ent River and others in service or in production, were made possible by ap plying the knowledge and skill ac quired in the endless effort to improve telephony. The device is operated entirely by electrical circuits which continuously calculate the effect of different condi tions and produce the proper instru ment readings. TJjis makes it pos sible for an instructor, seated in an other room before a duplicate set of instruments, to see exactly how the crew is handling the plane. What is more, by operating switches at his desk, the instructor can introduce emergency conditions such as engine Bast prospects for the Charter would seem to U in reservation of reservations. :; failure, rough air, icing, shifting of the center of gravity or a fouled-up i fuel system. Also, of course, he can i talk to the men in the plane by tele i phone. Thus, he can teach them how . best to meet any situation that may : arise in actual flight. The value of this training procedure ; in saving lives, time and money is ; obvious. It has been customary to ■ give flight crews training in actual [ ships, on the ground and in the air. ; But flying conditions must be taken i as they come; good weather is not , always to be had when wanted, and ■ some emergencies involve so much : real risk that an instructor would not ■ deliberately create them in the air. . To train Navy crews quickly and well, ; the Navy thought it necessary to (faithfully portray actual flight per ; formance, and electrical means were • chosen as the best approach to the ■ problem. s Entering the equipment room, you s would hardly think that the array ■ of vacuum tubes and other electrical l apparatus neatly mounted on racks ■ could be putting a bomber crew ■ through their paces. Tubes glow and > switches click. The general appear ance and sound of the equipment, as r it operates, is not unlike what is seen r and heard in telephone offices through ■ out the country. And this is appro priate, because it is the science be - hind the telephone that here performs • a new service for the United States E Navy. The trainer at Patuxent River is now used by Naval Air Transport s Service in training its oceanic flight i crews. Trainers for other types of ! planes are now under development i and construction. Mild exercise is held sate for wom en of any age. Provided, of- course, It's got toe itmiNiuk THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, JULY 87, 1945 1 WAR BONDS | Biff ?*** ■**?*. ~— • T V^< OfEciol Nmvj Photo Help for Australians. U. S. Amphibi ous units that War Bonds helped to equip put these Aussies ashore to drive the Nips from Tarakan, Bor neo. V. S. Trtasury Dtpartmtnt CANNED FRUIT JUICES Civilian consumption of canned fruit juices for the 1945 calendar year is estimated at 10.4 pounds per capita, or about 3 per cent larger than the 1944 consumption, accord ing to the U. S. Department of Agri culture. Citruis juices will acount for about four-flfths of the current year’s civilian supplies. Civilian supplies of canned fruit juices for the pack year 1945-46 have not yet been esti mated because complete data on non civilian requirements are not avail able. The 1945 pack of commercially frozen fruits is expected to approach the record 1944 pack of 330 million pounds, which is about three times the 1935-39 average. A prospective record civilian per capita consump tion of 2.2 pounds for 1945 compares with 1.9 pounds in 1944 and 0.7 pounds, the average for the 1935-39 period. o ■ ——- ■ Berlin rise again? Well, it could be said that a city rises when it is blown up. Radicalism is not a princicple. It Is the way you feel when you are broke and other people aren’t. HOME CANNERS ASKED TO “CARRY ON” BY F.D.R. The food outlook is so dark throughout the world that, in Janu ary, our habitually optimistic Pres ident asked Victory Gardeners and Home Canners to "carry on until the war is won." Since then we have been told over and over that the only sure way to have enough vegetables for our own use is to grow and can them. “But please,” advises Gladys Kimbrough, Home Service Director for Ball Brothers Company, makers of glass fruit jars, “before you put your shoulder to the home canning wheel, take time to learn how jars and caps should be used. It is also smart to plan ahead, to buy ahead, so that canning time will not find you scurrying around trying to find equipment needed for the job. You may not find your favorite jar and cap unless you shop early in the season or it may be that merchants don’t keep them because other styles sell better. If your home is on the West Coast, you may not see any all-glass lightning type jars because most of your neighbors prefer a Mason jar with two-piece metal cap. The opposite is true of New Eng land; the lightning type is a best seller there. The majority of home canners in Southern, Central and Northern states have always de manded Masons with one-piece zinc caps. Zinc Caps Supply Uncertain “No zinc caps could be made at the beginning of the war. Now the backlog of zinc has grown large enough to permit the manufacture of a large quantity of caps. Will <there be enough to supply the de mand? That’s a Seventy-Tour Dol lar question nobody knows what the demand will be. But, we do know labor is scarce and shipping facilities are not what we would like them to be. “A great many jars will have Glass Top Seal (glass lid, rubber ring, metal screw band) caps. There will also be Mason jars with two piece metal vacu-seal caps—these are the ones with sealing compound flowed around the edge of the lid to take the place of a regular jar rub ber. The nicest of the two-piece metal caps have dome shaped lids which pull down when a good vac uum seal takes place. “Half pints are being made and so are wide mouth jars but neither is as plentiful as before the war. “No matter what size home can ning jar and style cap you decide to use, no matter whether it is your first or fiftieth year of canning, it will pay to choose a nationally known brand and to use it by the step-by-step instructions printed on the circular packed with the jars and on the cap carton. It cost the manufacturer money to supply those up-to-date instructions and it is like ly to cost home canners time, money, and precious food if instructions are not followed.” Sew This Shirt For More Bonds Striped “grandfather” shirt pro tects tender shoulders while tanning your legs. Gay, attractive patterns for leisure clothes at local stores. Start sewing and the savings grow late War Bonds. V. S. Treasury Department .PLENTY OF PETROLEUM No nation other than ours has pro duced petroleum in such huge quan tities. Why can we produce it? Is the ' United States peculiarly blessed by 1 nature with a resource not found else 1 where? Not at all! The reason the United States pro * duces more oil than other nations is ■ that Americans have taken full ad * vantage of our freedom of opportuni ’ ty. We have drillod more exploratory * wells —called wildcats by the oil in dustry—than the people of other countries. As a result of that oppor ! tunity to venture, we now have all j the petroleum necessary to win the war. Petroleum is not peculiar to the continental United States. It is found 1 in all parts of the world. In the light i of present knowledge, our top geolo gists tell ua that gome six million; If s ** LOOKING I JEj AHEAD dKjmw GEORGE S. BENSON President—. Harding College Paying Parliament How would you like to be elected to the board of governors of the finest country club you ever saw? Unless you are an exceptional per son, you can’t afford such a job. It uses a lot of time and there’s no salqxy connected with it. Helping to bow, a lovely palace in the middle of a big playground is fun (I imagine) but it’s an expensive pas time. People who habit such spots to en joy their spare time are in the finan cial upper brackets. If they work at all, they do things they enjoy do ing, or perhaps they do a few jobs nobody else can do as well. Such wealthy people are usually compe tent but they engage others to handle their routine work. This leisurely class is growing steadily smaller, but it still exists. Work Well Done A rich country club is proverbial ly well managed. It does not need to economize and cut corners, but that’s only part of the story. It is governed by men of singular ability with spare time, who like their club and take personal interest in it. They have no better minds than men who hustle for business and use their wives for stenographers, but excellence thrives on calm deliber ation. By the way, Mrs. Harry S. Tru man used to serve her husband as secretary when he was senator from Missouri. The President told it him self to the press while he was dis cussing the proposal to allow addi tional expense pay to represent atives. It would be hard to find stronger testimony that members of the Congress of the United States need better compensation for the work they do. No Time to Think In every practical sense, mem bers of Congress have been elected to the board of governors of the world’s grandest country not a country club. They represent impor tant segments of people who have chosen them to help boss (not a playground) the most influential power under the shining sun, and, until early last June, they got SIO,OOO a year the pay of a junior executive. One of America’s ugliest habits is criticizing Congress for shortcom ings that result directly from being poorly paid. No one man can study all the profound issues congressmen must vote on, and no SIO,OOO man can afford to pay experts to digest them. Often congressmen use pre cious hours doing chores for people back home because they can’t af ford enough competent assistants. A Good Man’s Job Many solons labor intemperately. Rep. Doughton, who is past 81, rises regularly at 5:00 a.m., and starts his 12-hour day at 6:30; this after 34 years in the House and 14 years chairman of the Ways & Means Committee. What SIOO,OOO official of industry claims to be worth more to his firm than Doughton is to his state and nation? American legisla tors are top-flight, except in pay. Must we send rich men to Con gress because poor men lack funds to finance the job, or can’t afford to maintain an extra home in wealthy Washington? Do we want incompe tents on Capitol Hill who stay there because they could never earn so much anywhere else? The answer is “no” of course; America can afford the best. Then congratulate your congressman on this increase and don’t let him wait 20 years for the next one. 4-H’ERS TO CHECK HAZARDS DURING 2ND NATIONAL FARM SAFETY WEEK The 4-H Clubs, largest rural youth organization in the United States, will check accident hazards during the second annual Farm Safety Week, July 22-29. These rural youth are being urged to place special emphasis duirng that period upon removing home and farm-work hadards which lead to falls and burns. These causes result in the death of 11,500 farm persons annually. The boys’ and girls’ safety achieve ments during the week will be credit ed 1 to their record in the National 4-H Farm Safety Activity. Honor awards in that program are provided by General Motors on coun ty, state, sectional and national lev els. These awards comprise medals, $25 War Bondis, National 4-H Club Pongress honors, and S2OO college scholarships. square miles of the earth is potential oil land. We have explored only a fraction of that land in the United States and outside it. Plenty of petroleum will be avail able to do the work of mankind for generations to come, provided the opportunity to find and produce it continues. So says William R. Boyd, Jr., president, American Petroleum Institute. o The present status of the urban church is described by Dr. H. Paul Douglass, director of researcch, Home Missions Council, as “highly uncertain and beset with many dan gers.” Basing his remarks on sur veys conducted in eight representa tive metropolitan areas, Dr. Douglass deplores the fact that between one ! third ad two-fifths of oU churches U. OP M. CONSTRUCTION TO COST f t,332,000 Building construction projects tor the University of Maryland totaling $4,332,000 have been approved, Gov ernor Herbert R. O’Conor has an nounced. The program calls for additional construction at College Park,-in con nection with professional schools and the University Hospital in Baltimore and at Princess Anne. The Board of Public Works has given authority to the Board of Regents of the Univer sity of Maryland to proceed at once with the planning for the new con struction and for the engagement of architects. The Board of Public Works has adopted a time schedule grouping the projects in the order of their import ance so that the ones most needed can be begun at the ealiest possible time. Heading the list of “first priority” construction are buildings for Engi neering, Chemistry and Physics, to be erected at College Park at a total cost of $2,250,000. Only $750,000 of this will be State money, however, the Governor pointed out, the re maining $1,500,000 coming from a gift of $1,500,000 provided by the Glenn L. Maartin Company for re search in aviation. Also in the “first priority list is an Agriculture Building at College Park to cost $360,000 and a building for Girl Day Students, to cost $147,350, Fire College and Fire Extension Ser vice Building, $108,000; Psychopath is Hospital in Baltimore, $400,000; and completion of top floor of Univer sity Hospital, SIOO,OOO. o CATTLE SHOW SET FOR AUG. 3 The Annual Dairy Field Day for Kent and Cecil Counties is scheduled for August 3 at Galena. This show is known as the Cecil-Kent District Dairy Field Day and will feature all breed dairy cattle show. Beginning at 11 a. m., alternate classes of Ayr shire, Guernsey, Jersey and Holstein cattle will be shown and ribbons awarded by competent judges. All breeders of the two counties are eli gible to exhibit provided their cattle are registered and meet the health requirement. CECIL POST AMERICAN LEGION At the regular meeting of Cecil Post No. 15 of the American Legion, held on the 11th of July, 1945, at the New Central Hotel, Elkton, the election of officers and delegates to the State Convention was held. Department Vice Comander War ren Boulden will attend as a delegate at large and Past State Commander Wallace Williams will also attend 1 in that capacity. The State Convention will take place on August 23, 24 and 25th in Baltimore. Commander Lawson Crothers was elected to head the delegation and the other delegates are: E. D. E. Rollins, Walter Rawlings, Vernon Akers and Vernon H. Isaacs; Alter nates elected are: A. L. Peters, Wil bur Nickle, John Bouchelle, Wilbur Wright, Jr., and Charles E. Richard son. The following were elected as offi cers for the ensuing year: E. D. E. Rollins, Commander; Walter Raw lings, Vice Commander; R. R. Croth ers, Adjutant; John K. Burkley, Fi nance officer; Lynn B. Gillespie, Chaplain; John Collison, Historian; Vernon Akers, Sergeant-at-Arms; C. K. Eder, Service Officer. The election for the aforegoing was unanimous. o RURAL NEGRO SURVEY On July 15 the University of Mary land Agricultural Experiment Sta tion and Extension Service began a study of the economic and social status of rural Negro families in Maryland, it was announced by Dr. T. B. Symons, Extension director. Scheduled to be completed by De cember 31, 1946, the survey is de signed to obtain information about Maryland's rural Negro families as a basis for building an adequate Exten sion program for Negroes in agricul ture and home economics. Factual information on which to build a sat isl'actcory program is needed, it is expected that the survey will supply iui jrmatiou to meet this need. The project will be conducted by the De partment of Agricultural Economics, Leaded by Dr. S. H. DeVault. It will be financed by the General Education Board and by the University of Mary land. The study will be state-wide with special emphasis on Southern Mary land and the lower Eastern Shore. Information will be solicited from both rural farm and rural non-farm Negro families regarding tenure; size and value of holdings; productive en terprises; products grown and used at home; products marketed; in come; type and availability of mar ket outlets; condition, value, and adequacy of farm buildings and dwellings; home facilities and living conditions; size and composition of family; formal education of parents and out-of-school children; health status; presence and participation in community organizations; and rural urban migration. - ■■■ o Lotta people favor a raise for Congress—by the sea t of the britches. have remained stationary or declin ed during the recent decades. Insti tutionally successful churches, he says, have paid an exceedingly high price for success in terms of their re lationships to their communities. He emphasizes the need for city church es to assimilate the people in theUj immediate constituency.