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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
rmnmiD imt nnuT morning bt BEOB. non m OHon county babtlaud ktml m Bacond Cite* Matter at Post Ofllea in Rising Sun. Maryland Ondar Act of Concrete of March I, I*7 IDDBFIKDBMT IK POLITICS AITB ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONE YEAR. Ilf ADVANCE • . . , |I.M •IX MONTHS ...... |l,oe THREE MONTH! ..... .SO •INGLE COPY, S OBNTS adtertisinq hates furnished on application I Foraiun Advertising Representative ’ I Foreign Advertising Representative I | THb. AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION I | THE AMERICAN TRESS ASSOCIAj ION I FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1045 ABREAST OF THE TIMES Just about the time the general public comes to the conclusion that the good old days are gone forever, that high costs will prevent expan sion, and that it will be necessary for a benevolent government to look af ter all its unemployed citizens, indus try comes along with some new and helpful plans which upset the pessi mist’s applecart. As evidence of this, the possibility of a postwar building boom has stimulated interest in im proved building codes throughout the country, according to a report just issued by the National Board of Fire Underwriters. While the public has feared the cost of building will be so high after the war that the average man can not hope to own a home, the National Board cites that “predictions are widely made that postwar houses em bodying materials now generally un known, will be fabricated in greater Quantities in factories so that they can be quickly assembled on the building site. Unbelievably low costs to purchasers are talked about. “The Chamber of Commerce of the United States is on record advising cities to restudy their building codes. It is hoped that provsion may be made to take advantage of technolo gical advances resulting from the War effort and the availability of new building materials which are in the process of development. Lower building costs with the same promise of safety are in prospect.” The insurance industry is seeking to keep abreast of the times by hav ing building codes in various cities perfected so as to facilitate construc tion along safe lines which will as sure the lowest possible insurance cost. LEARNING BY EXPERIENCE “The year ahead,” says the Farm Jiuimal and Farmer’s Wife, “will afford striking material for thought ful farmers to consider. Wartime re strictions have reached into every day of everyone’s life. Farmers have taken ratioinng, price ceilings and floors, and all else in their stride. Agreeing that some controls are to be expected in wartime, farmers have seen that none has worked too well. “ Agricultural price policies, for instance, have been affected by the political demands that cost of liv ing be held down. Farmers have seen sue hpilicies defeat their own ends by creating scarcities where plenty was possible, and by setting up black market prices instead of fair prices. Watching the ponderous efforts of government to meet the rapidly changing situations of these months ahead, farmers will have a chance to estimate how much government they want in thei raffairs when the war has passed.” VETERANS WILL GET JOBS Men and women who left insurance jobs to serve with the nation’s arm ed forces, will find that the business has a twofold educational program waiting for them upon their return to civilian life. Immediately available will be printed summaries of all im portant changes that have taken place in property, casualty and in lnd marine insurance. Selected cen ters will provide refresher courses. Also available will be advanced and special adult educational courses de signed to fit them for better jobs. Plans are being developed for pro viding adequate, educational facili ties for those returning veterans without previous insurance exper ience, who desire to enter the busi ness either as agents or company em ployees. There will be jobs for many new employees. The reading of the Bible is requir ed in the public schools of eleven states, prohibited in three, and per mitted but not required in the other thirty-four, according to a recent survey made by the American Bible Society. “Back in the days of the thirteen original colonies,’’ com ments the Society, “wherever there was a church there was a school. And everywhere the chief textbook of the schools was the Bible. It is plain his tory to say that the public school systems of our land originated as Bible schools.” U. 8. GARBAGE TOO RICH “America still throws away the richest garbage in the whole world,” said Clinton P. Anderson in one of his first talks to the public after be coming Secretary of Agriculture. “And despite shortages in various food items! Here is where every cit izen can help by seeing to it that no food is wasted,, either in the kitchen or on the table. Every pound of food saved is just as good as a pound of extra food produced." 20,000 FARMERS CAN’T BE WRONG By J. E. Jones Washington, D. C... August G Farmers in twelve Northeastern States were asked to help compile representative figures that would ac curately answer the question: "How much bigger yields does soil conser vation give?” The United States De partment of Agriculture put the question up t<s 20,000 farmers. The Department's Soil Conservation Ser vice shows astonishing yields per acre. A breakdown of statistics shows that on 350 farms that the crop yields of corn before soil observa tion was 44.3 bushels per acre; and 57.2 bushels after conservation. Oats had a record: Before 33.6 bushels; allter 40.3 bushels. Wheat 20.9 bu shels before; after 24.1 bushels. Po tatoes, before 257.6 bushels; after 302.7 bushels. Tomatoes, before 6.5 tons, after 8.3 tons. Hay, before 1.5 tons; after 1.9 tons. Soil conservation has been one of the major problems of agriculture for a great many years. It licks soil erosion. The Federal and State Gov ernments have spent millions upon millions of dollars, and now we are finally catching up with the Philip pine Islands who began 2,000 years ago the practice of terracing rice fields, and the more recent successes in terracing wheat fields in Austra lia. The Soil Conservation Service of the Feedlral Department in Washing ton stands flatly on the statement: “Farmer experience and tests by ex periment stations show that conser vation measures help to increase yields,” and the Service gives a lot of credit to “contouring of land and grassing of waterways.” Contour farming, in addition to saving soil and boosting crop yields, saves on fuel and cuts down the wear and tear on machinery. Comparative tests of contour and up-and-down hill plowing on an 8 percent slope has shqwn in a given time that a farmer plowing on the contour can plow 10 percent more land and that acre for acre his fuel consumption will be 10 percent less. The AAA allows pay ments for contour seeding, contour for intertilled crops, contour strip cropping. In the first place a comparison of soil and water losses from different soils when farmed on the contour, and up-and-down hill land showed • hat the loss of soil per acre w'as rather startling, but nevertheless it was reduced to 4.3 percent soil loss per acre under the contour process as against the old up-and-down hill method of 11.1 per cent soil loss per acre on crops of corn, oats and cot ton in Texas. In Oklahoma the loss of soil per acre on up-and-down hill methods was 55.2% and it was re duced to 24.6% —more than half — by the contour method. Similar suc cess was reported from Ohio, lowa, Missouri, orth Carolina, Pennsyl vania, and in Western States, by the contour method. The subject is not easily explained in a mere newspaper article, but any farmer who reads this item and is interested in the effectiveness of in creasing production through contour, conservation, modern machinery, or other methods, may write to the Na tional Industries News Service, Transportation Building, Washing ton, D. C., and the newspaper organ ization will send the class of official /material you want. Please indicate the newspaper in which you read this item. In connection with the above there are Government publications of im portance that show the farmer, in true pictures, how to cultivate below the surface of the ground in order to leave crop residuees on top. The Department of Agriculture has done a tremendous job in cover ing these important problems that mean so much to the farmers. - o TMe Nazi occupation of Holland resulted in the destruction of sixty Protestant churches, the serious damaging of forty others, damage or destruction of seventy parsonages, the evacuation of sixty entire congre gations, the inundation of thirty par ishes by the cutting of dykes, and the death of twelve Protestant miuis ers (nine of them fathers of young children), according to a report re ceived from the Netherlands by the World Council of Churches in Gene va, Switzerland, and New York City. Damage to church property is assess ed at eighteen million florins, or about $6,840,000. Americanism: Rising in our might to overcome great enemies; careless ly ignoring little enemies and thus encouraging them to grow great. ttHE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1045 11945 AUGUST 1945 SUN MOW I TUE I WED ITHUO HI S*T 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 23 |26 27128 29 30 311 O’CONOR APPOINTS GROUP TO STUDY ADOPTION DAW'S Representatives of Item'll, Bar, Civic and Welfare Groups Included Appointment of a statewide com mittee, whose function it will be to consider changes of state legislation governing the adoption of children has been announced by Governor Herbert It. O’Conor. Widespread interest ’.as been evi denced throughout the State l'or some time in the matter of adoption laws, Givernor O’Conor pointed out. One result of this interest, he said, was a resolution passed by the House 1 of Delegates in the recent Session ' asking the Governor to appoint a committee to study revision of the adoption laws and to report to the Legislative Council and the 194 7 ses sion of the General Assembly on its ! lindings. The resolution declared, the 1 Governor said, that these adoption laws are greatly in need of careful study, looking toward extensive re vision. Various civic and welfare organi zations throughout the Slate, like wise, have been actively interested in the matter, Governor O’Conor declar ed, including the Baltimore Council of Social Agencies, the Jewish Fam ily and Children’s Fnureau of Balti more, the Family and Children's So ciety of Baltimore, the Church Mis sion of Help of the Diocese of Mary land, the Womens’ Bar Association of Baltimore, the League of Women Voters, the Ministerial Union of Montgomery County, representing some sixty churches, the Montgomery County Civic Federation and the Montgomery County Federation of Women’s Clubs. As expressive of the interest of his Council in such a study as is pro posed, L. Edwin Goldman, President of the Baltimore Council of Social Agencies, informed Governor O’Con or that a committee of the Council of Social Agencies on Legal-Social Problems had been giving serious consideration to the matter of adop tion law changes over a period of several years. In appointing his com mission, the Governor made clear, he had been careful to include rep resentatives of certain of these or ganizations which had been giving consideration to the problem to the end that the results of their findings might be utilized in the new group's studies and recommendations. “Because of the importance of this meeting,” Governor O’Conor said, “I have asked former Judge Eugene O’- Dunne to accept appointment as Chairman of the Commission. With his wide experience in the Courts, he can contribute greatly to the direc tion of and success of the str.dy to be initiated. I shall ask him to call a meeting of the group so that the full est consideration may bo giver, to all phases of the matter in time for a report to be made to the Legislative Council by September 1, 1946, as re quired by the Legislative resolution.” Committee To Study Revision of Adoption Laws . .Eugene O’Dunne, Esq., Chairman; Gerald Monsman, Chairman, .Hub committee, Baltimore Council of So i ial Agencies, Baltimore" City; Judge John B. Gontruin, Court House, Tow son, Maryland; Mrs. Howard V. Han difer, President, Maryland League of Women Voters, Silver Spring, Montgomery County, Maryland; L. Edwin Goldman, President, Balti more Council if Social Agencies, Bal timore City; Rev. John K. Mount, Jr., President, Church Mission of Help, Diocese of Maryland; Joseph M. Bruinsman, 1523 Fidelity Build ing, Baltimore, Maryland; Huglilett Henry, Easton, Maryland; Richard B. Barker, Montgomery county. NOTHING GOES TO WASTE WITH 4-H CLOTHING GIRLS Farm family wardrobes are under going a thorough remaking these days. Old clothes are not only being conserved, but transformed. Dad’s discarded suit may make an outfit for daughter. His old dress shirts may blossom out in new coloring as wo men’s blouses. Even his neckties may turn up in some form of feminine ap parel. Use is made of every old gar ment after it’s repaired and cleaned. These conservation ideas are prac ticed by rural girls- enrolled in the National 4-H Clothing Achievement program. Among its objectives is to "develop initiative and imagination that will enable one to -use to best advantage ell available clotihng ma terial.” The program not only encour ages participants tb develop their creative abilities, but to achieve out standing records for which they will receive special recognition. Recognition will be in the fortii of merit awards donated by the Spool Cotton Company’s Educational Bur eau. They include silver medals to county winners, National 4-H Club Congress honors to each state’s champion and S2OO college scholar ships to 12 national winners. The 4-H Clothing program is con ducted 'under the direction of the Ex tension Service. County extension agents will furnish complete infor mation. More civilian shoes due. For re pairs? SAFETY PROGRAM Are our oyngsters safe at home? That sounds very much like a base ball term, with a mental picture of kids streaking around the bases and sliding into the home plate. “But that isn’t what I mean,” said W. Lee Elgin. Commissioner of Motor Ve hicles. “It's a very vital question be ing asked by members of our armed forces, who by no fault of their own are away from their loved ones, iigfct . lng to protect those of us here at home. Thousands upon thousands of the youth of America wagering their lives to preserve the liberty and l’ree c dom of the people of many foreign countries. No one will question that . the folks at home are trying to do , everything possible to build up the ! morale of our legions of fighting , forces. All of these hoys have faced r danger and they know well what it means. And unfortunately as it may . seem to us, many of them will never • get the opportunity to come back ! home. In those far away battlefields their interest is not in themselves, nor is it in their terrifying expei . iences. They want to know, those , who are fathers and brothers, what is being done for their children hack . home. These men are living in sliell , pocked scorched fields and steel . riddled forests, but they are not con i cerned with their own hardships . Now that the war in Europe is over and the war in Pacific well una.a' way to a finish, G.I. Joe is thinking of home and good fried < hick. ii. country styled, hot water, clean tow-1 els and pillow cases without reveille. But these are only second ar y thoughts. His first thoughts are about that tow-headed son and curly headed daughter whom he hopes to bounce on his knee again. But it may boa long time yet before those dreams come true, and it is up to you and to me to see that those kids of G.I. Joe are safe guarded from all harm until ho gets home. VVe have a big job to do, you and I, for that fel low over there. We must protect his children. It’s a double responsibility and we must work together as par ents, motorists, workers and good neighbors to protect liis youngsters. Now that certain war restrictions are being lifted, we must be more cau tious than ever to keep G.I. Joe’s kids healthy and safe for his tri umphant home-coming. To motorists, I appeal particularly. Please watch out for the youngsters while they are at play, on their way to school and when they are returning to their homes. At their tender ages they are a little more reckless than you in your mature years. Obey the traffic laws, approach crossings with sane discretion, let your foot know wnere your car brake is and be sure to keep those brakes in good condition so that they will always be ready to meet any emergency that may arise. It’s up to you and me to do the thinking in these traffic problems hat jeopardize our children daily. Don’t wait for the child to make the decision, whether or not he is to die beneath the wheels of a recklessly driven car. That is the responsibility of the grown-ups back on the home front. What’s the use of G.I. Joe coming home after years of sweat and toil and fighting and suffering if those kids of his are not on the front steps to throw their arms around their Dad’s or Brother’s neck? I am sure that my appeal to you motorists will not be in vain and that you will do everything in your power to make it safe for the chil dren at home until G.I. Joe does get back.” W. LEE ELGIN, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles “We need to remember the un quenchable creative forces of youth, of which we have had many illustra tions even in the midst of war,'' says Bishop James C.. Baker, of Los An geles. “Young people will be s.gain manifesting their sensitiveness to human situations, their power to im agination, their faith in causes of their own choosing, their dynamic courage and daring, their strong hopefulness and bouyancy. They will get together again just as they did in youth movements throughout the world after World War I. Doubtless iheir elders will again misunderstand them, fear them, seek to repress them or to manipulate and use them. Yet still they are ‘the spring of the year’ for the racce, ‘the motive pow er of the world’.” Day by day our ratioinng and price control system grows more taut. This situation brings us face to face with an issue which involves liberty itself. Will we tiutrn back to the American system of a free econo my at the earliest possible moment, or will we go further with controls that decide for every individual what he may produce, buy or sell? If we accept the latter dortrine, we should not kick at restrictions and short ages. If we accept the former doc trine, we should not kick at higher or lower prices based on true costs and a competitive market. We can’t expect a free and easy American life with the risks it involves and the op portunities it offers, under a con trolled economy. A good way to reduce civilian rail travel would be to require a red point for every mile. Home heaters are beginning to think that the more we win the more we lose. , Why don’t these people who have contact with the Beyond find out what Henry Cabot Lodge thinks of i the United Nations Charter? j rS t er pliasiwmi CHEESE \ Try something different! Cheese dishes are both nourishing and tasty when properly prepared ... ideal for summer meals. Your family will pass their plates for a second helping when you serve these delicious cheese recipes: Cheese tomatoes on toast, cottage cheese peanut loaf, macaroni and cheese scallop, deviled eggs in cheese sauce, macaroni patties, fluffy tomato rab bit, and macaroni with frankfurters ... All these recipes are yours for the asking at our office. CONOWINGO POWER Do Xot Waste Electricity a| aa agjß ha as mb Ajr Just Because it Ms COMPANY Xot ttntloncti Using Our Abilities WORKERS are finding an oul let for unused abilities in all fields of activity today. Those who can fit into new situations eas ily are in demand, and wise is he who learns the truth of his real be ing and draws upon his inherent abilities. “We are all capable of more than we do,” writes Mary Baker Eddy in the Christian Science textbook, “Sci ence and Health with Key to the Scriptures” (p. 89). This can be proved in the variety as well as in the quantity and quality of our work. “Mind,” she says in the same para graph, “is not necessarily dependent upon educational processes. It pos sesses of itself all beauty and poetry, and the power of expressing them.” . . . It would be a mistake, however, to try to use this statement of truth as an excuse for not making use of the widespread opportunities for schooling. School courses can be ex cellent proving grounds for this more spiritual understanding, but those without the privileges of formal edu cation will find equal opportunity with their scholastic friends, pro vided they understand that they re flect infinite intelligence. We do not develop the skills with which to conduct our daily activi ties: we discover them already pres ent and apply them to the task when we follow Paul’s simple advice (Philippians 2:5), “Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus.” Inspiration from this Mind never waits on temperament or mood, atmosphere or environment. It is easily and quickly available, and nothing is ever beyond its com prehension. Christ Jesus said (John 10:30), “I and my Father are one." We, too, can say it, and prove it in all right activity. God, divine Principle, does not need any development. Since man is the image of omniactive Principle, he can do correctly now whatever is required of him. May we demon strate increasingly our limitless capability through better and more work, with increased Joy in the do ing of it I —The Christian Science H(Mi tor. t. . She: Doctor, will the scar show! Doctor: That, Miss, is entirely up to you. Cigarette dealers are finding in creasing difficulty deciding what fcrajida they are temporarily out of. COMMUNITY CANNING A nationwide program to help pro ! vide urgently needed food for the i. ungry millions in war-devastated Europe has been launched in commu inty canning, centers, it is announ ced. The Community Canning Program for War Relief was organized by the United Nations Relief and Rehabili tation Adminstration with the coop eration of three divisions of the Uni ted Sates Department of Agriculture, I the Oilice of Home Pood Supply, Fed ! eraliand State Extension Services, 1 and 'Nutrition Program Branch; the ! United States Office of Education, i Future Farmers of America, the : Caimp Fire Girls, and the Girl Scouts. The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration will ship the contributions. Users of community canning cen ters have been urged to step up pro i duction ten per cent above all local ! needs and to contribute this surplus for free distribution overseas. This I plan to build a food pool for war re ! lief will not lead to any reduction in the domestic civilian supply. Dan A. West, Director of the Divi sion of Contributed Supplies of UNRRA, is Executive Director of the Community Canning Program for War Relief, with natioial headquar ters at 100 Maiden Lane, New York. He pointed out that only vegetables, fruit and vegetable and fruit juices canned! in tin under qualified super vision are sought. Fruit packed in water without sugar is acceptable. Food in glass containers cannot be accepted for overseas shipment. In communities where there are canning centers, members of victory garden groups, farm organization*, youth groups, women’s clubs, Parent- Teacher Associations and civic and service clubs are supporting the pro gram. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE SERVICES “Spirit" will be the subject of the Lesson-Sermon in all Churches of Christ, Scientist, on Sunday, Auig. 12. The Golden Text will be from I Cor. 2:ll—“What man knoweth the things of a man save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man but the spirit of God.” Among the citations comprising the Lesson-Sermon will be the fol lowing from the Bible—Matt. 12:23 —“Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind and dumb and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb spake and •aw,"