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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, August 10, 1945, Image 5

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l,- .. ' I
r * Do’s and Don’ts” for Your^**^
Success in Canning Tomatoes
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—Photo Courtesy Ball Brothers Co.
The huge number of new home canners who sail through with
flying colors, while those who boast of years of experience floun
der, is amazing. Or is it? Gladys Kimbrough, Home Service
Director for Ball Brothers Company, manufacturers of glass fruit
jars, sees nothing unusual in the
situation because she finds it easier
to teach a person who has never
canned than to “unteach” one
backed by years of haphazard ex
To prove her point, Miss Kim
brough calls attention to the fact that
tomatoes rate top place in both ease
of canning and spoilage after can
ning. What’s the answer? Sheer
carelessness plus old-fashioned
open-kettle canning. Anybody can
rig up a water-bath canner for proc
essing fruits and tomatoes. A lard
can or a wash boiler, fitted with
some sort of platform to hold the
jar half an inch or so from the bot
tom of the utensil is all that is
needed for a water-bath.
Carelessness Causes Spoilage
Spoilage of water-bath processed
tomatoes is usually traceable to
carelessness in selection and prepa
ration or failure to follow the manu
facturer’s latest instructions. Pre
war instructions should in most in
stances be forgotten. Remembering
them gets a lot of old-timers into
Tomatoes should ripen on the vine
and be used as soon as they are
firm ripe. They should be canned
the day they are gathered, but if
kept cool they may stand as much
as 24 hours before processing. This
is mentioned because some persons
must depend upon a market for their
supply. Any tomato containing a de
cayed spot, no matter how small,
should be discarded. Canning those
from which such spots have been
removed leads to spoilage. Sound
over-ripe ones and those from which
small spots have been cut may be
made into chili sauce or ketchup—
never, never into juice. Juice re
quires sound tomatoes.
The jars, caps, rubbers, and can
ner should be ready before one
prepares the tomatoes. Every toma
to should be carefully washed before
it is scalded for skinning. If you
have no wire basket, a square of
cheese cloth will serve the purpose
of holding tomatoes for scalding.
Simply put enough tomatoes for fill
ing one or two jars on the cloth,
catch up the four ends of the square,
and hold the “bag” in boiling water
from one-half to one minute. Then,
if you like, dip the bag in cold
water, making it a little easier to
remove the skins. Next use a sharp
pointed knife to remove every bit
of the core, slip the skins, cut away
any green or white spots and drop
the tomato into a clean hot jar.
Cut tomatoes if they won’t go in
whole. After two or three tomatoes
are in the jar, press them with a
clean wooden spoon (one which has
been boiled) until they crack and
the juice runs out to fill the spaces
between the fruit. Yes, “fruit” is
right. We call them vegetables be
cause they grow in gardens. When
the jar has been filled to within
about one inch of the top, add salt
Lester Green, market gardener, doesn’t get so tired working now. He
trained a pair of turtles to walk up and down the rows while he hoed. “Rid*
ing those turtles while I hoe saves me a lot of walking,” says Lester, “and
I’m never too tired to do my bit for the war, whether it’s buying a BOND
nr talking at a bond rally.’’ V. s. Tnatury Dtpanmni
It was never the original purpose
of a true cooperative in this country
to operate business and escape taxa
tion. There is a marked difference
between non-profit marketing coop
eratives whioh seek to five fanners
;<.> *
. to suit your taste, and adjust the
, cap according to the manufacturer’s
instructions. After two or three
jars have been filled, ease them
down in the canner.
t Have the water in the canner
’ steaming but not boiling. When all
. the jars are in, the water in the
. canner should cover them an inch
or more and should be brought to
| boiling as quickly as possible. Keep
. it boiling steadily but gently. When
processing time (from 30 to 45 min-
I utes) is up, remove the jars, stand
, them out of a draft and several
. inches apart to cool. If most of
; the pulp goes to the top of the
jar and the juice stays at the bot
tom, it is because the tomatoes were
poor quality, picked green, packed
too loose, or the water in the can
-1 ner boiled too hard.
The cold pack, water-bath proc
essed method is probably preferred
by the majority of authorities on
, the subject but for the last few
; years there has been a trend toward
hot packing.
Selection and preparation for hot
packing is the same as for cold
packing. After the cores and skins
are removed, the tomatoes are
, quartered and cooked until they
| have boiled gently for 5 minutes.
; Then they are put into hot jars and
, processed 20 minutes in a hot
. water bath canner.
Boil Tomatoes Slowly
Open kettle? That’s what causes
most of the spoilage! Those who
are not willing to adopt the more
modern methods should remember
that the prepared tomatoes should
be boiled slowly for 20 minutes,
then poured into hot jars. The ket
tle of tomatoes and the pans of
water holding jars, caps, and rub
bers, should stay over the heat
so that a jar may be lifted out of
boiling water, placed on a cloth
folded in a pan, then filled with
boiling tomatoes, and sealed light
ning quick.
Mason jars which are to be sealed
with zinc caps and Ideal jars may
be filled to the top but should not
be overflowed. About one-half inch
head space should be left when
glass top or two-piece metal Vacu-
Seal caps are used.
Yes, open kettle canning is hot
work and results are uncertain, so
why not now, since food is so price
less, change to better methods? Of
course, the newest is not always the
best. For example, oven canning,
new in comparison to some of the
others, has been given a fair trial
and condemned because it is un
reliable and dangerous.
A great many persons like to
process tomatoes ten minutes at five
pounds in a steam pressure cooker.
This is safe enough but tends to
over-cook the tomatoes, so our best
home canners use a water bath for
processing all acid foods.
service through an organization to
handle their many problems, and a
purely commercial selling coopera
tive which seeks to cut prices for the
benefit of a special group of custom
ers. Farmers are faced with as many
problems of buying and processing
p 4 selling as toe big gorporattop.
Make Play Dress ,
Save for Bonds
j '
Colors sing of summer in a gay,
ruffled play costume. Hie red, green
and grey stripes of the gathered-neck
blouse harmonize with the black,
free-swinging skirt. Make an outfit
like this. Latest patterns at local
stores. It saves cash for War Bonds.
U. S. Treasury Department
Also Proving Useful in Helping
Wounded Regain Health,
Place in Civilian Life
America’s dogs are not only doing
a great job on the battlefields of the
present war, but are also proving
extraordinarily useful in helping
wounded and disabled soldiers to re
gain their health and place in civilian
life, reports the Gaines Dog Research
Center, New York City.
Communiques drifting in from far
flung battlefronts speak of the varied
activities of the tens of thousands of
the K-9 Corps in “cramping the
style” of the enemy wherever he is
being encountered.
Newest use of the dogs in war are
as sled teams for evacuating wounded
personnel from the field of battle.
The use of dog teams through heavy
snow and in wooded country on the
western front has enabled 12 men to
be moved out where only one could
be handled by stretcher bearers.
On the home front “Seeing Eye”
dogs in increasing numbers are being
fvoajoting uHWnded Reconditioning ddntied
temmdofSettte teggSOKnrMt^
Gaines Dog Research Center
trained as companions to blinded
veterans. Dogs as “living hobbies”
are also proving of positive thera
peutic value in speeding the recovery
and reconditioning of wounded and
physically or mentally disabled men
sent back from overseas. At the Paw
ling, N. Y., Convalescent Center they
are being used as a definite part of
the services’ recreational activities,
and at Camp Ellis, 111., exceptional
success is being experienced with a
“Beagles in Reconditioning” program,
consisting principally of field trials
which give recuperating individuals
a combination of physical exercise
and recreation.
On the walls of tents and barracks,
pictures of beloved pets left behind
are more than holding their own
against the better publicized “pin-up
girls." Hundreds of honorably dis
charged war dogs are again taking up
their home ties, most of them the
better in manners, training and obe
dience for going into service.
Sentiment is growing in many
places for some sort of a memorial
to mark the contribution of Ameri
ca’s dogs on the war front and the
home front. Already the Gaines Dog
Research Center has announced an
award of $500.00 to the person sub
mitting the most acceptable design
idea or sketch.for a proposed memo
rial to be raised in honor of the dogs
that will have fought and died in
World War 11. It has been suggested
that the most appropriate place for
raising such a K-9 memorial would
be in front of the Pentagon Building,
home of the War Department in the
nation’s capital.
Only by joining together in market
ing cooperatives can they provide
themselves with facilities needed for
efficient operation. Only through or
ganization can they meet other or
ganized groups on an equal basis.
<snTy by working together can farm
ers carry on research and develop
new ideas that will benefit all the
people—the consumers of food as
well as producers. It does not require
special tax subsidies or tax exemp
tions for farmers to cooperate in this
manner to stabilize their position
secure {sir prices,
frt ahead
President—Harding College
H Searcy. Arkansas
Fear This
Political developments in England
this summer have made a show,
profitable for Americans to watch.
Peace in Europe is really felt in
England; terror and bloodshed
ceased for a time—for a long time
we hope. Britain’s post-war prob
lems are uuon her and t' -'v nro al
most exactly like ours will be when
our war is over in the Pacific. There
is however one big difference.
The difference lies in what the
working people think. British labor
is socialistic, in large part; Ameri
can labor is not. The British work
ers don’t think they fared very well
under the system, in which private
capital owned the factories and pri
vate management operated them
in so-called competition. English la
borers figure they would be better
off if the government owned every
Workers Prosper
Workers in America still favor the
system of free enterprise. Most of
our labor is in favor of open com
petition. The reason is that working
people in America see how they
have fared all right with private en
terprise. Labor leaders express
' themselves freely in favor of capi
talism. Our workers probably will
i not turn against the American sys
tem since it has not turned against
Nobody has the working people
of either country fooled. They have
the truth in both cases. In Eng
land, labor has had a pretty shabby
deal; in America the worker has
lived well. The important question
is this: British workers oppose capi
talism and American workers favor
it—can it be possible that they are
talking about the same thing?
Have Same Name
Prior to World War 11, the eco
nomic system in Britain was called
private enterprise same as in
America. Moreover, the two were
quite a little alike, at first glance,
except that wages on this side of the
ocean were high and American
workers earned more than twice as
much as the British workers, trade
for trade. The difference was that
private enterprise in Britain was
not free.
Private enterprise in England was
hog-tied. Competition there was not
actually open. Wasteful monopolies
operated within the law. Private
business concerns were fenced in
with legal restraints on this and
government restrictions on that.
What they had was government
bossed private enterprise. Business
men couldn’t make any money and
therefore couldn’t pay their work
Socialistic Labor
Working as hard as they could,
British workers could not earn
enough to live well. They needed
new tools and modern methods so
they could produce more; so their
employers could pay them better,
but the employers couldn’t buy bet
ter tools. They were so restricted
that they couldn’t make any profit.
Result: Labor unions formed a so
cialist party and now are bidding
strongly for control of the govern
ment for the third time.
The same thing can happen here.
America can keep free private en
terprise and the prosperity that
goes with it. With prosperity and
progress, American firms can pay
their workers well. But silly restric
tions and heavy taxes can choke out
profits. Without profits there will be
no new tools, no progress, no better
wages. Unhappy workers bring so
cialism. Socialism, nowhere in the
; world, has brought wages half as
Jtigh as America now enjoys.
' The funeral of Mrs. Carrie E.
Smith, wife of Stanley M. Smith, of
Charlestown, was held Sunday after
. noon and interment made in Rose
1 Bank Cemetery, Culvert.
1 Mrs. Smith died on Thursday, Aug.
2. She was 56 years of age. Her huis
' band and five daughters survive:
Mrs. Arthur Curry, at home; Mrs.
Kertis Simpkins, North East; Mrs.
Paul Ott, Pleasant Hill; Mrs. Kellis
Collins, Charlestown; Mrs. Harold
Shea, Palcroft, Pa.
Mrs. Annie Webb, a native of Elk
i ton, daughter of the well-known cin
tractor and builder of that town,
JJacob Rambo, died July 29 at her
home in Philadelphia. She was 85
years of age. Two brothers and two
sisters, Arthur Rambo and Andrew
Rambo, and Mrs. Lillian Enos and
Mrs. Lizzie Williams of Philadelphia,
survive her.
William J. Holton, aged 81 years,
> of Newark, Del., died July 31, in
r Delaware Hospital, Wilmington. The
deceased was agent at Iron Hill for
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
• for many years. He is survived by
. four sons, William E. and Walter D.
. Holton, Newark, Del.; George C., of
) New York, and Charles R., of Beth
s lehem, Pa.; and two daughters, Mrs.
I Jennings Sparks, and Mrs. Edward
s Hurlock, both of Newark, Del.
, U. S. will probe poultry racket. It
i consists mistly of crowing by birds
-who don’t toy the eggs.
I 1 I I 1
hr w* t 1 v 11 > Iv tm
And follow instructions in
the Ball Blue Book. To get your copy
send 10c with your name and address to—
wL §k
r fSS *% *4
-1 ■
Official Navy Photo
Safety Gear. Gunners in flash-proof
[ gear, masks, gloves, stand by 40
mm. quadruple mount on carrier.
’ War Bonds add funds for such vital
, equipment. U.S. Treasury Department
, How may the angler get the most
■ pleasure out of his fishing? Out of a
t combination of many things. To be
[ successful he must study fish habits,
r stream and lake bottoms, the various
- creatures and insects which provide
t the fish with food. One must learn
! how to use fishing tackle skillfully,
‘ and when and where to employ the
• proper types. One should take an in
• terest in weather and wind, in light
1 and its effect on fishing, in the differ
ent animals, birds and flowers with
which he is in constant contact when
fishing. He or she should learn the
real pleasure that lies in comrade
ship, courtesy and good sportsman
E There is pleasure, too, in the thor
. ough relaxation given by fishing, for
, it provides escape from vexing prob
lems. Concentration upon the prob
lem of outguessing a fish erases all
. other thoughts. Consequently fishing
: refreshes the mind and gives it re
newed vigor for the daily task.
Fishing also teaches patience—
s patience to await the right opportu
l nity, make the proper preparation,
analyze a given situation. The lesson
thus learned is of value in anyone’s
Fishing is a sport in which each of
us becomes both participant and au
dience; and it may be enjoyed by
’ young and old alike. You can be a
; fisherman in any of the various de
j grees, from that of a cane pole with
f worms as bait to a dry-fly purist such
j as “Ted” Brown, and each has its
own charms.
> o
She; Whenever I’m in the dumps I
get a new hat.
He: I was wondering where you
> got them.
® When a woman's toe sticks out of
r her shoe, she’s fashionable. When a
> man’s toe sticks out of his shoe he’s
f a bum.
f Jap propaganda says we’re con
• fused in the Pacific. Some of the
boys are singing, “Where De We Go
I From Here?”
It's almost as popular to boast
t about how far your car has been
s driven as it used to be to boast about
the miles per gallon.
SIMPLE precautions can
Although the term “infantile par
alysis” strikes terror into the hearts
of parents each suimmer, the chances
of children becoming infected with
this dread disease are exceedingly re
While more than 50,000 persons
in the United States die each year
of tuberculosis, and more than 150,-
000 of cancer, the total number of
infantile cases reported in any one
year is less than 10,000, accoraing
to an article in the August issue of
Good lit usekeeping magazine.
And this total could be substan
tially reduced if parents would lake
cognizance of a few fundamental
facts set forth in the article which
states in part:
“When symptoms appear put tl e
patient to bed and isolate him at
once. Call a doctor.
“Doctors recnmmend that parefits
avoid removal of tonsils and ade
noids when infantile paralysis is pre
valent in the community.
“The virus of infantile paralysis
is widespread in sewage and polluted
water. Practice cleanliness. A-'cid
crowded swimming pools and bathing
beaches during outbreaks of in'an
tile paralysis.
“Teach children the importance of
clean water, clean food, clean nuik,
and above all, clean hands when eat
ing and drinking. Keep food away
from flies. They have been shown to
carry the virus.
“The infantile paralysis virus is
widespread, but only a minimum
number of those exposed are infect
ed. Less than half of those infected
are paralyzed.”
Just as pork packers save all the
hog but the squeal, leaders in the
poultry industry believe that several
byproducts of poultry dressing plants
can be used better than they are used
now. These products include, among
many others, feathers, combs, shanks
and feet.
H. L. Shrader, of the Extension
Service, U. S. Department of Agricul
ture, has summarized some of the
prospective uses of poultry bypro
ducts and the progress of research
in developing fuller utilization.
Of approximately 100 million
pounds of feathers picked from
chickens in a year, not more than a
fourth are now used by feather pro
cessing plants. Most of the feathers
are thrown away or used for fertiliz
er. Yet feathers are fiber, similar
chemically to the wool of sheep or
the bristles of hogs. Laboratory re
search has produced feather thread
that can be woven into cloth or twist
ed into yarn. Another possible use is
for sewing up incisions after surgical
operations. Like catgut, feather
thread is absorbed eventually.
Finely ground feathers, mixed
with binding material, have been
molded into light weight and colorful
trays and dishes. Still another use is
for making wallboard of high insu
lating value. Feather fiber that has
been ground loose from the quills,
when mixed with byproducts of rub
ber, yield a product somewhat like
imitation leather.
On the basis of French experience,
pickled cock’s comb has fiod uses.
The shanks and feet are reported to
make an exeelletn gelatin, though
scientific study of these products has
not yet gone far.
The small oil sack on the back of
a chicken just in front of the tail
piovides an oily secretion that the
hi'd spreads on its feathers to keep
them shiny and to help shed rain.
This oil may have some commercial
use. The visceral fat of chickens has
proved valuable in soap making; and
other residues of eviscerating plants
yield high grade tankage.
Improved methods of handling
poultry manure, involving dehydra
tion, cause it to retain its high fer
tilizer value while at the same time
deodorizing it.
This survey, says Shrader, fore
shadows just a few of the poultry
byproducts that appear to offer good
commercial possibilities.
Farm owners and land occupiers
of Cecil County will vote, acccording
to County Agent, J. Z. Miller, on
August 16, 1945, for three of five
supervisors to govern the recently
formed Cecil Soil Conservation Dis
trict, which embraces all of the lands
within the County.
Miller states that a polling station
will he at his office in the Post Office
building between 9:00 a. m. and
5:00 p. m., where all eligible voters
will be allowed to cast votes for each
of the three supervisors.
As pointed out by Miller, three
farmers have been nominated for the
office of supervisor, namely Fred B.
Martenis, Elkton; Charles England,
Rising Sun; and Ira A. Moire, Elk
ton. The other members of the board
who are appointed by the State Soil
Conservation Committee are Clarence
W. Brown, near Calvert, and Miss
Margaret England, Earleville.
The State Soil Conservation Com
mittee, officially responsible for the
referendum, points out that all per
sons, farmers or corporations who
possess any farm land in Cecil Coun
ty, whether owners, lessees, renters,
or tenants are eligible to vote, each
having three votes, one for each of
the Supervisors to be elected.
Japs are now reported to have
more scrap iron, a plentiude with
which American shelling operations
on the home islands may not be en
tirely unconnected.

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