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REPRESENTATIVE U S. DOGS AHP THEIR OCCUWJIOHsI ’ GUARD POO Gaines Doc Research Center | FIGHT ON DISTEMPER IS GAINING GROUND Vaccination Prevents Many Cases and Serums Soften Attack of Dog Malady Carry a person through the ail ments of his first twelve or thirteen years and chances are that he will grow into a sturdy, healthy indi vidual. Carry a dog through its first year and in all probability you will have a vigorous, hardy servant or companion for the rest of its life. So states the Gaines Dog Research Center, New York City. In their first years of life humans run a gauntlet of whooping cough, diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles and the Lord knows what else. About the only serious ailment the dog has to contend with during the first year of its life is distemper. There are count less thousands of dog owners who, having once carried their pets through distemper—and perhaps a worming or two—have had them live out then years with no further ailments of any kind. Whooping cough in children and distemper in dogs are not, of course, comparable illnesses. Nevertheless, there is a lesson for dog owners in the medical profession’s present-day attitude toward whooping cough. Like whooping cough, distemper is best prevented than cured. As with chil dren and whooping cough, until re cent years every dog was expected to catch distemper. But now, again as in whooping Cough, vaccination prevents a great many cases entirely (and makes of others lighter cases. Now a that anti - canine distemper stifum* are ilable, even the situa tion of 1 -eady stricken with 1 WHAT, NO TELEPHONES? HERE’S WHERE THEY’VE GONE! The chart above Illustrates why it’s so hard to get a telephone these days unless you are directly connected with the war effort or unless your having one is essential to public safety and the health and welfare of the com munity. Production of equipment to carry on the war constitutes nearly all the activity of the Western Elec tric Company, manufacturing unit of the Bell Telephone System. The chart shows the major items in that tremendous volume of war materials. The company’s sales to the govern ment in 1944 approximated 788 mil lion dollars for such items as radio equipment for tanks, planes and field Restore Pan Though no treatment will make a badly burned pan like new again, many a pan that looks hopeless may be restored to use if proper care is taken in cleaning. First, let the pan cool gradually. Never pour cold water into a hot, dry pan. This is likely to make the metal buckle and leave an unsteady pan. When the pan has cooled, fill it half full of cold water and heat the water gradually to boiling. Baking soda added to the water may help soften the burned material. After heating ■crape out loosened material, add more water to the pan, and repeat the heating process as long as neces sary.. Private: “Her niece is good-look ing, tea.” Corporal: “Don’t say knees is, Ht knees are,” this malady is not nearly so hopeless as it once was. It is wise, therefore, when a dog shows first signs of ill ness that might mean distemper to place him in the hands of a compe tent veterinarian at once. It has been observed that puppies with weak constitutions and pam pered, overfed, underexercised pets are the most likely to contract the infection. As in the case of human influenza, a filterable virus starts the trouble and bacterial organisms do the rest. A rise in body temperature, accompanied by shivering or sneez ing, an eye or nasal discharge, diar rhea, partial loss of appetite and slug- POGS ILLNESS CONCERNS ENTIRE FAMILY More than one person is Jhjr. £ usually responsible for tfie W nr/ni/y e/otf ve/fart figures (if f w fnd/cofe u/fio fates care of AA MOTHER DAUGHTER 38% fO% Gaines Dog Research Center gishness, is very suggestive of dis temper. In immunizing his puppy against distemper, the dog owner has his choice of several methods, any one of which is helpful in controlling the disease. The best time for immuni zation is when the puppy is three to four months of age. Usually there are two injections of vaccine or serum two weeks or so apart, with a final administration of living virus. The dog to be inoculated should be free of worms or rickets and in a state of 'general good health. artillery, gun directors and military telephone apparatus. An additional $120,000,000 in equipment was pro duced for Bell System maintenance and expansion of the vital home-front communication network, making a total of $908,000,000. In addition to the three major Western Electric plants at Hawthorne near Chicago, Kearny, N. J., and Point Breeze, Md., 22 satellite plants have been leased in 15 cities. There are 29 distributing houses and 11,000 sub-contractors, making Western Electric the world’s largest producer of communication and electronic equipment for war. Bonneville Dam Bonneville Dam, one of a series of such projects, was begun soon after approval was granted in Sep tember, 1933, and was completed in 1937. Located on the Columbia riv er, 42 miles east of Portland, Ore., Bonneville really consists of two dams separated by Bradford Island and was built primarily to produce electricity and render tile Columbia navigable for 600 miles, as well as to provide a fishway system de signed to permit the salmon runs to ascend the stream to their spawn ing grounds. The dam and fishways cost approximately $52,000,000 while the cost of the navigation and pow er development amounted to ap proximately $75,000,000 when com pleted. The world is full of willing people. Some willing to work and others willing to let thes, THU MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, AUGUST &, 1945 “No matter how thin you slice it, doesn’t always mean that it is baloney,” says Lester Green. “I’m raising tomatoes in three-foot cellophane tubes for the restaurant trade. When ripe they’re the shape of the tube and can be sliced like a cucumber. No waste. Where there’s no waste you can always save extra money to buy a WAR BOND.” U. S. Treasury Department Housed Farm Machinery Enjoys Much Longer Life We have daily reminders of the special attention our cars need to make them last, but farm machin ery, as vital as a car to the farmer, has literally been left out in the cold. Farm machinery housed, lu bricated and repaired will outlast unhoused machinery on an average of 5 to 10 years. Actual figures as the result of an investigation made at the Univer sity of Missouri show that a housed walking plow, for instance, will last five years longer than one left out to rust and corrode; a cultivator will last 12 years longer, while the life of a gang plow is doubled. An unused building may be con verted into a machine house or shed, or it may be necessary to build one. The shed should not be. less than 24 or 26 feet wide and long enough to house all machinery. A farm shop adjacent to the machine shed is a useful addition to the farm. Farm tools, which would be scattered and lost if there were no special place for them, would have a better chance of being returned to their place in the shop. As most repair work is done in the winter during lulls in other work, a stove should be part of the shop. Vitamin C Needed to Maintain Blood Vessels Ascorbic acid plays a principal role in maintaining the health of the blood vessels and connective tis sues. Vitamin C is needed to pre vent hemorrhages in all parts of the body, to keep the teeth and gums healthy, to aid in the develop ment of the bones and to serve as an aid in the general resistance to infection. Vitamin C is stressed somewhat more than other vitamins at times because ascorbic acid is water solu ble and may pass from a food into the water in which that food is standing or is being cooked. It also comes into the spotlight more often because vitamin C is what is called "unstable.” By “unstable” nutritionists mean that in the presence of free air the form of ascorbic acid which can be used by the body is changed to a form that cannot be used by the human body. Also the body cannot store ascorbic acid for future use as it does some other nutrients, such as fat. For these reasons it is im portant that some vitamin C be eaten each day or, if that is not possible, that it should never be absent from the diet for long periods of time. The most common sources of vitamin C are citrus fruits and green vegetables. Air Hen Houses When hen houses are hot both night and day, hens are not able properly to assimilate calcium for making egg shells, and they natu rally stop laying. Structures with windows in front only are hot by day, and do not cool off at night in summer. It is easy to cut openings on the north side, to open the windows just as soon as warm weather comes in the spring, and to leave them open until cold weather comes in the fall. Anyone who has attempted to cull out the hens that have been semi-roasted out of lay ing appreciates the condition of these houses. It really is a wonder that the birds lay at all. Taking Out That Tired Feeling Blood transfusion does wonders for that “tired feeling,” states the Gaines Dog Research Center, New York City. If the blood of a fatigued dog is trans ferred into a dog that is not tired and the blood of the untired dog is simul taneously transfused into the fatigued animal, the second dog will quickly Sive evidence of being tired and the rst one will show signs of reinvigo- i ration. Husband: Let’s have some fun to night. Wife: OK, and If you get home be lter' i do, leave the hallway light, on, Afternoon Dress Adds Bond Money jßSfe'4 I I . Ajf I , JR | 4- , Wmw Pale gray crepe makes a charm ing afternoon or special-occasion dress. Make outfits to suit your fig ure, and personality. When this means savings for more War Bonds, too, it is common sense to sew your own. U. S. Treasury Department Lounging Outfit Saves For Bonds ? ! Js ,f i fflnßHnHi lljl \ ' J§l ifSjSn HBL ■ , | jr _ j Luxurious lounging pajamas with Chinese influence. Made of coral rayon, accented with turquoise col lar and trim, they won a prize in a recent national sewing contest. Sewn at home, wardrobe extras are much less expensive. Buy and hold War Bonds while you sew and save. . U. S. Treasury Department A man may be so arrogant he does not care what big shots think of him, but he feels flattered when a baby likes him. I Hair generally curls in proportion to its flatness, according to Encyclo- I pedia Britannica. The rounder it is the stiffer and lankier it is. New popular definitions: Republi crat—anybody who votes yes. Com crat —anybldy who votes yes. Com- Sunist —anybody you don’t like. 1 I, Hi II Jj And follow Instructions in the Ball Blue Book. To get your copy tend 10c with your name and address to— tut BROTHERS COMPANY, Monde, lad. I £\LOOKIHG\ JR'I AHEAD At, GEORGE S BENSON President—Warding College Dead Wood In my early 20’s I had frequent dealings with a small but old and reputable manufacturing corpora tion. One day I lunched with a gray haired employee, the superintend ent, who was quite unhappy. They had lost their biggest contract. The lost customer was a young and thrifty retail firm whose needs had finally grown too large for the old manufacturer to supply. Price had been a consideration, of course. My companion admit ted that several competitors could quote a lower price and make a profit when Ms plant could hot. It was on account of the modern, high speed equipment which the competi tors used. Naturally I asked why the old house couldn’t install bet ter machinery. The superintendent simply wagged his head and said, “dead wood.” Unused Hands “Our big boss is the chairman,” he explained. “His brother is pres ident of the company. Each of them has a son who is a vice-president. The secretary and the treasurer are both sons-in-law. I don’t see any of them twice a year but they draw salaries as big as mine. We can’t buy new equipment. Sometimes we are hard put to pay for current materials promptly.” This was 25 years ago when a lot of ranting (not altogether unjusti fied) was heard about the “idle rich.” But the tables have turned. America’s threat now is “idle poor.” This is more dangerous because the poor are more numerous. Idle hands can ride any business to the gronnd because they retard production. In different workers are no less guilty than pampered payrollers. Public Enemies I was much impressed by an arti cle in the Houston Press a few weeks ago, written by a returned service man. He had started to work in an office soon after he was discharged and, six weeks later, penned his con tempt for civilian workers, men and wohien. They systematically fritter away 50% of their working time, he charged. They can do it because of the scarcity of workers. There is an imported, alien doc trine that capitalists will make too much profit for the good of the pub lic unless workers retard production some way. It is venomous. Nation al enemies at whom American sol diers are thrusting bayonets today are relatively harmless. They are much less liable to do humanity per manent harm than the slick sabo teurs who plant a philosophy of idle ness in the minds of honest workers. Work and Live America’s unique place among world- powers, the singularly high standard of living among American workers and farmers, our national income and our national safety, de pend on work. Ability and willing ness to make things well and make them fast have put the United States on top of the world. It is the secret of American prosperity, but in a startling degree our people are being led away from the idea. The world soon will be a market for manufactured goods, a market of millions of people in poverty. If America fails to supply their needs, quickly and at a price (possible with efficient production) then cheap labor countries will take the busi ness. Dead wood can cheat Uncle Sam out of world trade and leave us to stew again in our own over supply, with low wages and poor Itv* Ing conditions which we don’t waat and which aren’t necessary. o Traffic Safety Slogan —Accident pre vention is self-prevention. Drive S&refully. - 1 CAN A LOT OF TOMATO JXJICF FOB VITAMINS NEXT WINTER Can or make Into Juice every to mato that does not go on the family table, and take advantage of every favorable turn In the local market, is the advice of Miss Margaret Mc- Pheeters, nutrition specialist of the University of Maryland Extension Service. Tomato juice takes the place of ci trus fruits and fruit Juices very well when they are scarce or too expen sive, she points out. Just drink about twice as much tomato juice as orange juice for the vitamin content. The vitamin C in juice and in canned whole tomatoes is approximately the same, she states. Some vitamin A ana other nutrients may be lost when seeds and pulp are discarded. The best and easiest way to can to mato juice, according to Miss Mc- Pheeters, is to simmer the tomatoes until the juice begins to flow. Sieve while the tojnatoes are hot. Reheat the juice to boiling. Fill hot, steri lized jars with the hot juice, add one teaspoonfuil of salt to each quart, ad just the lid and process 15 minutes in water bath canner. Count the time from when the water boils vigorous ly. Have the water one to two inches above the top of the jars. A metal mill or sieve is better than a bag for straining the juice, Miss McPheeters says. Do not use a copper or iron container. Some separation of juice and to mato pulp is normal, she states, be cause the palp is heavier than the light-colored juice and settles below it in the jar. The finer the sieve used for straining the juice, the less the pulp will settle. Too much or too little heat may cause the solid part of the tomato to settle, she cautions, so follow heating directions care fully. If pulp settles, juist shake the jar before pounng out the juice. Miss McPheeters suggests 20 to 25 quarts of tomatoes and tomato juice for each member of the family or person fed regularly. Can at least that amount and more if you can do so. ■ • ■ ——o RULES TO HELP REDUCE BICYCLE ACCIDENTS To help in reducing bike accidents the Keystone Automobile Club has formulated a set of ten rules, obser vance of which, the Club safety ex perts declare, will make cycling safer without in any way minimizing its enjoyment. Here they are: 1. Obey all traffic signals, signs and rules. Observance of ‘stop’ signs is important, because motorists on ‘through’ streets are unprepared for sudden appearance of bicycles from side streets or highways. 2. Ride in single file. There Is grave danger when groups of cyclists ride three or four abreast on heavily traveled roads. 3. Keep out of car tracks and ruts. Numerous accidents are due to riders being thrown from bikes in front of oncoming traffic. 4. Don’t do ‘stunts’ or ‘race’ in traffic. 5. Don’t carry a ‘passenger’ or permit children on roller skates to hang on for a ride. 6. Always signal intention to make right or left turns. 7. Make repairs off the traveled portion of the roadway. 8. ‘Walk’ the bike across heavy traffic unless it is controlled by offi cer or traffic light. 9. Din’t ‘hitch’ rides on trucks or other vehicles. 10. Always keep brakes and front and rear lights in good operating condition. o MARYLAND MUSINGES About 80 rural youths from all parts of the state spent Aulgust 13 to 17 in camp at Rocks, Maryland, stu dying conservation. They were select ed because of outstanding conserva tion work they had done in their re spective counties. The camp was un der the direction of Mylo S. Downey, State 4- HClub leader, and Harry W. Dengler, Extension Forester. All con servation agencies in the state par ticipated. The youths were instructed in fighting forest fires, identifying flowers, weeds, trees and poisonous plants, birds, and in rodent control. They studied farm woodland man agement, and learned about widlife, fresh and salt water fisheries, game law enforcement and soil conserva tion. Freshly dug potatoes scald easily in the hot sun. It is wise to harvest potatoes early in the morning and re move them to the shade as soon as possible. Surface mold on cloth, leather, and other materials can often be brushed off lightly with a soft, slightly damp cloth or soft tissue paper. Try to use clean cloth or paper for each spot. Work outdoors, if feasible,, to keep the fungus from scattering in the house. Although farmers admit that sheep are profitable, the sheep indus try in Maryland has been decreasing slowly for several years. Climate, systems of raising crops, soil, topo graphy, and markets are all favor able for profitable sheep raising in Maryland. America still throws away the rich est garbage in the whole world. Ev ery pound of food saved Is just as good as a pound of extra food pro duced. . . o .. Prejudice Is a great time saver— It enables one to form opinions with out bothe£lag to get the facts.