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To Pass on War Dog Memorial SB .v~ ■■-■•■-. :L;JB HF SjL il~ xJ|bl| sX A HK' X ' -•'.'saDEC^>3B%. '• * Jm Wjj&A v Judges in Gaines Dog Research Center war dog memorial competition. Left to right: Mr. Thomas, Mr. Morris, Dr. Milbank. In circle, Miss Menken. Membership of the committee of judges that will pass on the winning design for a projected memorial to be raised in honor of the dogs that will have fought and died in World War 11, has been announced by Harry Miller, executive secretary of the Gaines Dog Research Center, which is offering an award of SSOO to the person submitting the most acceptable design idea or sketch. The members of the committee are: Lowell Thomas, radio commentator and dog fancier; Helen Menken, star of stage and radio who is a pioneer in work for the Stage Door Canteen and the Army’s K-9 Corps; Dr. Samuel Mil bank, New York sportsman and presi t LOOKING I M m J AHEAD A|#by GEORGE S. BENSON ' : fta President—Harding College Frozen Hopes Saying what a man earns, ex pressing it in cents per hour or | dollars per year, does not tell much about the measure of prosperity he enjoys. Good living depends on so many things that change from time to time and differ from place to place. Prosperity depends, in very large part, on what people must pay for the things they need and want. Putting the conveniences and lux uries of life in reach of a large number of people helps to build a nation’s prosperity. Franklin’s dis covery of electricity became a great • discovery when electric lights be- j gan costing less than oil lamps. The automobile became a great inven- I tion when cars were priced down ! where only rich people could afford to own carriage horses. Paying for Service Plain people pay richly for favors; plain people are so many. Names like Edison, McCormick and Ford stand for huge estates because these men did a real service for a lot of plain people. It is because they hoisted a wholesome standard of living in a free country. Thousands of pen have done the same thing on a smaller scale and profited hand somely. Actually, the thing that inspires mechanical inventors to invent, the thing that fires scientific explorers to explore, is the chance to earn from a free people the rich reward for a valuable service. Once upon a time in the United States of Amer ica men who had ideas could afford to develop them. They can’t do it now. How I hope those days soon return. Big Ideas on Sale Edison, McCormick and Ford didn’t need to hawk their ideas, nei ther did Bissell, Denton, Parker and O’Sullivan, but Foster Gunnison had to sell his. Gunnison’s inventions came later. Do you ask, “Who is this Gunnison man?” Well, he is a great inventor, not yet famous. But, unless I miss my guess, he is Amer ica’s post-war Henry Ford. Gunnison invented a prefabricated hou,se and worked out a plan to build it in mass production. His units were scientifically constructed, insu lation built in, thoroughly modern in every detail. Individually, his house models are so different that a tourist might drive past 100 of them in a row and never guess that they were drawn by the same architect. Alike and Different I could talk for hours about Gun nison houses. They come in eight sizes with great variety in looks. They are far better than any house possible to build of old-line materi als in any community for the same money. They have everything from bathtub to garbage grinder, econo my and convenience; a poor man’s palace, amortized to $1 a day. But the inventor sold to the U. S. Steel Corporation.—Why ? He lacked capital and, under to day’s tax laws, never could make much profit. The giant corporation can run the project in the red and deduct early losses from war profits, most of which the government will take anyway. Unless our war-time tax laws are changed, every fertile idea in this inventive nation will have to hatch under the wing of some huge corporation that exists al ready. - -o ' Diplomacy: The art of lettinß |Qtt one else have yoftr wag dent of the Westminster Kennel Club; and George Ford Morris, one of Amer ica’s best known animal artists. May Ist, 1945, is the deadline for entries in the memorial design com petition. Merit of the submitted idea will count for more than artistic ex ecution of the finished sketch. Ideas or sketches should be sent to the committee in care of Harry Miller, Gaines Dog Research Center, 250 Park Avenue, New York 17, N. Y. The judges’ decision will be final. In the event the idea or design selected by the committee shall have been sub mitted by more than one person, the one first received will have prefer ence. “Sweet” Outfit Helps Buy Bonds a .. “Sweet as sugar candy” aptly de scribes a frosty white eyelet trimmed blouse, worn with purple and pink flower-splashed peplum skirt. Make it with a pattern avail able at local stores. Watch the War Bonds grow when you add your sav ings from sewing. U. S. Treasury Department Chinese Speech The Chinese must rely heavily on variations in pitch and expression of speech because their vocabulary contains so few “vocables” or sepa rate sounds conveying speech. The Chinese language in the Peking dia lect contains only 400 vocables, com pared to uncounted thousands in the English language. Because of this limitation, it is not what you say but how you say it that is the more important. The Chinese word “shih” is heard in nearly every sentence but with any one of many meanings, depend ing on whether it is said in a tone that is low and plaintive or high and sharp or that slides from one tone to another. The tones are what make Chinese sound strange and like a sing-song to the American ear. English also contains many words or vocables that sound alike, such as “aisle,” “isle” and "I’ll,” but the use of tones eliminates any chance of confusion. Farm Workers In pre-machine days, when it took three-fourths of the country’s manpower to feed the nation, there was little food for export, little la bor for munitions plants. Today, by the aid of farm machinery, approxi mately one-fourth of the people employed on farms can fill the na tional larder. In the last hundred years, half of the nation’s manpow er has thus been gradually released to industry. In 1820, approximately 83 per cent of all persons in the United States 10 years old and over, gainfully em ployed, were working on farms. In 1930, only 21 per cent of that group were engaged in agriculture. The Elkton Auto Sales Corpora tion, Edmund Crothers, President, has purchased the old pulp mill pro perty on West Main Street, Elkton. The new owner will have a new sales headquarters thereon. o Every one is of of some use, even if nothing more than to serve as a horjlble example, THB MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, AUGUST i, I4S Develop Sweet Sirup From Tangerine Cull Tangerine sirup, rich in sugar and vitamins, and new types of bever age bases are among new products developed in research carried on at the United States citrus products station. All of the new products are pro duced from cull fruit. It is expected that their commerical production, along with other citrus byproducts, will provide an outlet for that part of the tangerine crop for which there is normally a poor market, and will result in increased returns to growers. Heretofore the market for the low-grade fruits has been limited by difficulties encountered in the commercial canning of tan gerine juice. The tangerine sirup is described as light brown in color, honey-like, high in vitamin C, and with a sweet fruity taste. It can be bottled for home use as a table sirup or put up in large containers for shipment to manufacturers of other products as a source of sugar, vitamin C, or as a substitute for glycerine. The beverage bases are also con -1 centrates of tangerine juice. After concentration, the product is pas teurized, bottled, and held in stor age at 40 degrees Fahrenheit until used. The concentrates are de scribed as having a fine fruit flavor, excellent retention of vitamin C, and with the high acid content desired by the beverage industry. Careful Treatment Adds To the Life of Gloves Once you’ve purchased a pair of gloves it’s well to consider that your treatment of them is most im portant in determining how long you will have an attractive pair of gloves. Remember the way in which the sales person puts them on your hands, and follow her example. Tug ging and pulling strains seams and glove material. Just ease the fingers on first, then the thumb and palm. To remove the gloves it’s best to loosen each finger tip, turn the cufi back over the fingers and draw the gloves off. Suede gloves are the ex ception, they should be worked off easily without turning back the cuff or loosening the finger tips. After you’ve taken off the gloves, pull them gently into shape, blow into the fingers and place the gloves in a flat box, wrapping them in tissue paper if you use them in frequently. Combat Fruit Moth California is winning its battle against the oriental fruit moth, seri ous insect enemy of deciduous fruits and fruit trees, especially peach trees, but the fight is far from con cluded and may continue for many years. The moth was introduced into the U. S. on Japanese cherry trees planted in Washington, D. C„ in 1910. Two new forces have successfully entered the field against the vora cious insect enemy—millions of par asites produced by the University of California for the state depart ment of agriculture, and new chem icals and chemical compounds. When new infestations are discov ered, the parasites are rushed to the scene and soon prohibit further spread of the moth. Previous to the work done by Cali fornia officials, it had been believed that the moth’s spread could not be stopped because of its canny habit of rejecting the first mouthful of fruit it encountered, the mouthful consist ing of the part of the fruit covered with poisoned spray. But now it has been found that some chemicals will give up to 85 per cent control, and the famed DDT, war time insecti cide, may give 95 per cent control. Tests made by U. C. have included 450 chemicals and chemical com pounds. Stem Rust Stem rust is caused by a parasitic fungus, a low form of plant life which lives alternately on the rust spreading barberry bushes and on susceptible grains and grasses. The rust is spread between hosts by wind-borne spores. It survives the winter in the black stage on grain stubble, in straw piles and on wild grasses. The black spores cannot infect the new crops of grains and grasses in the spring, but they do infect susceptible barberry bushes, causing the spring or cluster-cup stage to develop on the leaves. Spores from the leaves of the dis eased barberry infect the grains and grasses in the spring, causing the red or destructive stage to develop. The rust then spreads from plant to plant and from field to field, and sometimes widespread epidemics oc cur. As the grain plants reach ma turity, the black or overwintering stage forms on the ripened stems, and thus the life cycle is completed. Spoils Fat • Too much heat will spoil fat and food cooked in it. When fat reaches the smoking point it begins to break down chemically and giv#s off fumes with a sharp odor that irritate your nose and throat. Food fried in smoking fat may have an unhappy effect on the digestive tract. Fats that have reached the smoking point also will get rancid more quickly if you save them to use again. Be extra careful when Drying with fats that have a low smoking point. Among the fats that smoke quickly are butter, oleomar garine, drippings, and olive oil. A free land is one where you can Ii what you please, unless you ase - -n ffißSiraariraM I Romantic Dress Is War Bond'Helper 1 A The gown to personify the fresh young prettiness of teen-agers, a swish-skirted dress of blue and white 1 dotted Swiss. The neckline and skirt ! are accented with black velvet rib bon, run through white beading. The high school girl who makes it will soon save enough for an extra War I Bond. Pattern at local stores. U. S. Treasury Department i - Warming Speeds Up Many Household Tasks A little warmth will speed up many a household job ordinarily done cold. Egg whites whip better if they are at room temperature rather than cold. The various in gredients in cake blend better if all are the temperature of the kitch en rather than some cold and some warm. Dried fruits and dry beans “soak up” faster in hot water than : cold. Hot water is better than cold i for rinsing rice, both before and after cooking. In making mashed potatoes hot milk is better than cold because it helps soften lumps, adds to lightness and keeps the potatoes hot. In sprinkling clothes for ■ ironing warm water penetrates ■ and spreads through fabrics faster i than co’d water. Placing the i sprinkled and rolled-up clothes on a ■ warm (not hot) radiator for a short ’ time also helps get the ironing I ready in a hurry. Before rubbing oil ’ into shoes to preserve the leather, , have the oil slightly warm and the shoes at room temperature. The ’ leather will absorb the oil faster • ar.d better. Set a bottle of furni • ture polish in warm water a few ’ minutes before using, because warm • polish penetrates the pores of the ■ wood faster. Wax goes on floors and other surfaces more easily and smoothly if it is not too cold. Paint s also needs to have the chill off to ’ spread smoothly. Plant scientists advise tepid water instead of cold. • Washing machines, electric mixers I or other household motors kept in a : cold place should be brought into I a warm room a few hours before 1 using. Otherwise the oil or grease may be too stiff to lubricate prop- I erly. i 1 1 Waxed Soles and Heels Extend Life of Hose l An old European practice for sav ■ ing wear on heels and toes of stock ings has been revived and recom mended for use in this country by USDA research people. The practice consists of rubbing paraffin or candle wax on heels and toes of hose. In actual tests on wearing machines this treatment 1 kept hose free from holes four times as long as those untreated. The wax is merely rubbed over the heels and toes of the stockings t before each wearing. Even if wax -1 ing is not repeated until after sev ' eral launderings, enough remains to add considerably to the durability, the experiment showed. The wax can be used on cotton, wool or ray on hose. If only a thin film of wax is applied, it will not interfere with the proper laundering of the stock ings, nor will it change their ap pearance, Miss Lane reports. Enterprising Scotch Nearly 1,500,000 Scots have gone overseas since 1860—a staggering number if you consider that Scot land’s total population in 1860 was 3,000,000. In the first 30 years of this century, 300,000 went to the United States alone. Scotsmen have gone to Malaya as rubber planters, to South America as cattle breeders and shepherds, to India as jute man ufacturers, to South Africa as min isters of the gospel, to Assam to grow tea, to China to operate steam ship lines, and everywhere to trade. Scotland claims no less than eight Presidents of the United States, sev eral dominion premiers, and leading business men and industrialists in six continents. —— o The Harford County Fair will be held on the fair grounds, Bel Air, on Thursday and Friday, Septem ber 6 and 7. i... i M , i trying to sell something, I Careful Screening Cuts T. B. Rate in Army The incidence of tuberculosis, as reflected by the annual hospital ad mission rate, is only one-tenth as high in the army now as it was in the last war, the war department announced. Principal factor in the marked decrease in the army’s rate is the screening process which is in operation to exclude men with active or potentially active tubercu losis before they are inducted into the army, Col. E. R. Long, chief consultant on tuberculosis for the surgeon general’s office, pointed out. Another reason, he added, is the fact that among the civilian popula tion tuberculosis is only one-third as prevalent now as it was during the world war. In the last war, the necessary technical equipment had not been developed for a quick and accurate detection of this dis ease in the thousands of men who were hurriedly mobilized. Now, by means of x-ray photography tuber culous cases can be excluded with great accuracy. It was not until the spring of 1942, however, that this screening proc ess came to be used universally in the army. Nearly one million men were inducted without this x-ray examination, which to a large de gree accounts for the fact that ap proximately 10,500 men were dis charged from the army because of tuberculosis between December 7, 1941 and December 7, 1944. Since the beginning of this war, the army has rejected approximately 150,000 men who showed signs of pulmon ary tuberculosis. Several thousand others were excluded by local boards of the selective service sys tem before they reached induction centers. Mahogany One of the Best Finishing Woods Mahogany responds as perhaps does no other wood to fine finishing, says “The Mahogany Book,” which emphasizes that wood is finished for four very good reasons: to seal the surface against moisture, to facili tate cleaning, to bring out the depth and lustre of grain and figure, to change color or tone. Mahogany has suffered the more when poorly fin ished, says this authority, which continues: “The thick reddish hue and hard high lustre of much late 19th cen tury mahogany is an example. The red was a stain. Used first as a perfectly legitimate means of obtain ing uniformity of color, it gradually became a disguise for inferior wood substitutes, growing darker and thicker for the purpose, until it all but concealed the natural grain. The lustre was several coats of gloss varnish. “The finest mahogany finishes are those which do the most to bring out the natural beauty and color of the wood. Outstanding are shellac and wax, and oil and wax, both used extensively during the 18th century and responsible for the mellow gleam on rare old museum pieces and our most superior modern pieces alike. Both require time and skill, and are therefore expensive. There are today, however, vastly improved lacquer and varnish fin ishes which cost less. Through them we are now able to reproduce al most exactly the rich patina asso ciated with traditional design. Oth ers, based on bleaching, bring out the full beauty of grain and figure in the lighter honey; wheat and am ber tones popularized in modern de sign.” Utility Beef Utility grade beef needs to be cooked longer at lower tempera tures, with more moisture, and often with added fat to make it appetiz ing. The more tender cuts of utility beef may be roasted if a tempera ture around 300 degrees is used, but tougher cuts are better if either pot-roasted or stewed with added moisture and fat, or if cooked in a pressure cooker. Many homemakers like to vary the flavor of utility beef meat dishes with garlic, onions, tomatoes, vine gar, green pepper, spice, or garden herbs. If stew is the choice, some like a one-dish meal in which the vegetables are cooked with the meat. This sort of stew has higher food value and usually a more ap pealing flavor if the vegetables are added and cooked only until ten der. One combination liked by many is meat pie with or without vegetables, topped with mashed potatoes, hot corn meal, or baking powder biscuits. o - WHEAT GROWERS SUFFER BIG LOSS Farmers of this Eastern Shore wheat belt who have been taking ad vantage of the favorable weather of the past week to combine what is left of their crops are reporting yields ranging from eight to eleven bushels per acre, which is less than one-third of a normal crop, and represents losses of thousands of dollars. One grower is reported to have re ceived 21 bushels per acre, but this is far below the yields of the few lucky enough to have saved theii crops before the rains started. A number of growers will not at tempt to combine their crops, but will mow the wheat, which is now choked with clover, and bale it for feed to their livestock. —Caroline Sun, Ridgei}. It takes only a fortieth of a second to wink—the quickest way known to I get Into trouble. — , S I I i J jSi vw . v f •••* And follow instructions in the Ball Blue Book. To get your oopy send 10c with your name and address to— IAU BROTHERS COMPANY, Munde, Ind. CAN FOR WAR RELIEF Dr. John W. Studebaker. United State Commissioner of Education, has called upon American victory gardeners and farm families to can more food and give this surplus to Europe’s hungry millions. In a statement endorsing the Com munity Canning Program for Wa!r Relief, Dr. Studebaker said: “Now that Europe’s guns have cooled, food must continue the fight for freedom if starving milliins are to survive and justify the price paid in freedom’s name.” Pointing out that gardens in many areas are producing more than is be ing utilized locally, Dr. Studebaker declared, “A good crop wasted or un used means lives lost or forever dark ened. All surplus produce of Ameri can farms, gardens, orchards and fields should be canned and shared to build strength and hope in bodies and hearts of war-ravaged people. Europe’s children and men and wo men need the helping hand of Ameri ca. Victory on the battlefield did not work the miracle of restoring normal food production and distribution. For freedom’s sake, gardeners and farm families must share all they can with the suffering people overseas.” The Community Canning Program for War Relief was organized by the United Nations Relief and Rehabili tation Administration in coopera tion with the U. S. Office of Educa tion, the Camp Fire Girls and the Girl Scouts. Many national organiza tions including the Future Farmers of America and Now Farmers, wo men’s clubs, and home economics clubs are supporting the program. The campaign is under way at school community canning centers, custom canneries and home economics kit chens where there are facilitiees for canning in tin under adequate super vision. Fruit packed ,i water with out sugar is acceptable. The program was launched to help build a food pool for Europe which faces a win ter of desperate shortages. NEW SERVICE AVAILABLE TO WOODLAND OWNERS Announcement is made by State Forester Joseph F. Kaylor that there is now available for woodland owners of North Central Maryland, including Baltimore, Harford, Cecil, Kent and Queen Anne Counties, a timber ex amination and marking servicce de signed to ensure best utilization of the stand. The examination is made by an expert to determine whether it is avdisable to remove any timber at the present time. There is no charge for this. Where it is advisable to do some cutting, the Department of State Forests and Parks will, if the owner wishes, assign a trained forester to mark the trees that should be taken out and to provide the owner with information as to its kind and quality, and its approximate lump-sum stumpage value. He is also given a list of sawmill operators and an approved form of contract. Marking on areas up to 25 acres is done free of charge. For acreage in excess of this there is a charge to cover the expense of the Department representative. The forester assigned to timber marking in North Central Maryland is A. B. Lyon, who can be reached through the office of the District Forester, Bel Air. ELECTROCUTED WHILE RUNNING LAWN MOWER An eight year old lad of Conesto ga, Pa., Raymond Calvin Warfel, was electrocuted on Thursday evening, August 9th, while operating a lawn mower at the home of his grandfath er, Wm. K. Sangrey. The lad met his death when the knives of the mower ran across the cord supplying power to the machine, cutting it and caus • ing a short circuit. Calvert W. S. C. S. have jars to be filled with fruit or vegetables for the Kelso Methodist Home for Girls, at Towson, Md. If you con fill a jar for this worthy cause it will be great* appreciated.