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. WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS
U.S. Moves to Take Over Japan; See Early End to Rationing As Reconversion Pace Quickens __________ Releand by Weitern Newspaper Union. ' 1 —' (EDITOR'S NOTE: When opinion* are cxnroaaod In these columns, they are those of I Western Newspaper Ualon'e news analysis and net neoessarlly of this newspaper.) JAPAN: Work Out Occupation Its huge guns belching smoke and fire and bombarding the Nip ponese coastline just a few weeks ago, the huge 45,000 ton U. S. battle tship Missouri was to become the peace ship of World War 11, with the Japanese formally signing surrender papers aboard the vessel in Tokyo bay. Taking place several days after U. S. airborne troops were to de scend on the Atsugi airdrome south west of Tokyo to spearhead the Jap anese occupation along with ma rines landing simultaneously at the Yokasuka naval base 20 miles be low the Nipponese capital, the for mal surrender ceremony wgs to see General MacArthur signing for the Allies as a whole, with Ad miral Nimitz countersigning for the U. S. and Admiral Fraser for the British. In working out the initial occupa tion plans, General MacArthur and his staff left no stone unturned to assure the safe conduct of the U. S. forces. At the same time, the new Nipponese government headed by Prince Higashi - Kuni strove to prepare the population to accept the American landings peaceably and refrain from riotous outbreaks, imperiling the whole surrender. Under General MacArthur’s plans, the Japanese were ordered to ground all planes and disarm all ships at sea several days before the first U. S. landings. Then, while sprawl ing Allied fleets moved in close to Nipponese shores, the Japanese were to immobilize all vessels in Tokyo bay and strip coastal guns and anti-aircraft batteries. As a final precaution, the Japa nese were ordered to evacuate all armed forces out of the immediate landing area, to forestall possible at tack by fanatical troops. Guides and interpreters were to be furnished to facilitate General MacArthur’s con trol of the occupation territory. Jap Casualties In the first full admission of the intensity of Allied air attacks, the Japanese news agency Domei re ported that 44 of the nation’s 206 or more cities were almost completely wiped out by bombings, with a toll of 260,000 killed, 412,000 wounded and 9,200,000 left homeless. Of the total, the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki accounted for 90,000 killed and 180,- 000 wounded, Domei said. Declaring the toll may be even greater, the Japs revealed that many of the burned are not expected to survive because of the nature of the wounds, while persons only slightly touched by the fires later weaken and often die. Reporting that 2,210,000 homes were completely demolished or burnt down, and 90,000 partly dam aged, Domei said that in addition to the 44 cities almost completely wiped out, 37 others, including Tokyo, suffered loss of over 30 per cent of their built-up area. Of 47 provinces, only 9 escaped with rela tively minor damage, Domei re vealed. CHINA: Key Position Relieved from Japanese encroach ment, and pivotal point of the Orient, China has assumed a renewed importance in the 1 * far east, with 1 Chiang Kai - shek |Hp4 ‘4 and his Premier T. 9H| m l their cards well in S the complicated game of internation- jjjp eminent' holds the ? upper hand in the vast, sprawling na tion with its 400,- 000,000 people, with its position greatly PjjvJpP^j Chinese commu- 1:4 nists, Russia and even Britain. Chian _ and Though the Reds m y have openly defied * * * Chiang, U. S. financial and material support of his regime, plus efforts of Ambassador Hurley to bring the two dissident factions together, have enhanced his standing. In his deal ings with Russia, U. S. and British pressure has resulted in recognition of China’s sovereignty over Inner Mongolia and Manchuria, though the Marines Tell Pacific’s No. 1 Fish Story Fish stories are generally tall stories, but two marines who landed on Iheya island in the Ryukyus recently have an unusual fish story to tell—and it’s true! Shortly after the unopposed landing on this mile-long island, dwin dling food supplies prompted marine officials to permit the island’s fishermen to make a fishing jaunt inside the reef which parallels the shoreline, Staff Sgt. Bob Hilburn reports. Once fairly out in the water, the group divided into two parties. Each pair of craft rigged up a net between them and then the swimmers, stripped to loin cloths, went over the sides. Then—and this is the fish story part—the swimmers, by their antics actually drove the fish into the nets. Reds have obtained a 60 per cent interest in vital railways in the lat ter province, secured Port Arthur as a naval base and been allowed use of the ice-free port of Dairen. By marching his armies into the crown colony of Hong Kong, which the British wish to retrieve, Chiang even struck up a bargaining position with London. RECONVERSION: Pace Quickens Breathless trying to keep up with relaxation of unending wartime con trols, the nation contemplated early removal of meat, tire and shoe ra tioning, even as the government re moved restrictions on industry to permit full-steam ahead on recon version. Following a previous announce ment that the government had abolished packer set-asides on beef, veal and ham supplies for the army and other federal agencies, an early end of rationing was expected with OPA’s revelation that it would re duce meat point values in view of military cutbacks in orders and a prospective heavy fall run of cattle. With the announcement that tire production would be doubled to 4,- 000,000 monthly during October, Hi! | • • ° v~— ..<.0 . * *sSi!sk tt" JHAI With industry given the go-ahead signal for civilian production, man ufacturers strove for speedy output for the pent-up postwar market. Here, body is being slung on chas sis of one of the first cars to roll off of postwar production line. November and December, unoffi cial predictions that rationing of cords would be terminated within 90 days were strengthened. Forecasts that shoe rationing also may be ended shortly were sup ported by an announcement of the Tanners Council of America that production of civilian footwear may exceed 30,000,000 pair a month for the rest of the year, the highest level ever reached by the industry. By lopping off most controls and only retaining authority to assure military and other emergency pro duction, and break bottlenecks in scarce materials for civilian output, the government gave manufacturers the go-ahead signal on such a wide variety of items as refrigerators, radios, distilled spirits, trucks, oil furnaces, construction machinery, metal furniture, motorcycles, photo graphic films, storage batteries, waxed paper, sanitary napkins, ma chine tools, shipping containers, pulpwood and commercial chemi cals. Removal of all lumber controls except those necessary to fill prior ity orders assured a speedy re sumption of both industrial and home building construction. U. S. CREDIT: Supplants Lend-Lease Following termination of the 41- billion-dollar lend-lease program, Foreign Economic Administrator Leo Crowley revealed that the U. S. was prepared to advance six billion dollars in credits to other nations for procurement of material in this country to bolster sagging postwar economies. At the same time, Crowley said that negotiations might begin with in the next year for settlement of lend-lease accounts, which find U. S. contributions of 41 billions offset by only 5% billions in mutual as sistance. Under plans outlined by the FEA chieftain, the U. S. would furnish 3% billion dollars in long-term credit to nations wishing to purchase goods already contracted for to fill can celled lend-lease orders. An addi tional 2 billion 800 million dollars would be advanced for procuring in dustrial and other goods. MIDLAND JOURNAL. RISING SUN, MD. Chieftains Meet Here to discuss Increased financial assistance for rehnHlitating France, interna tionaliznli :i i the Rhineland and re-estabiishment of his country as a world power, Gen. Charles de Gaulle (left) arrived in Washing ton, D. C., to be greeted by Presi dent Truman. QUISLING: On Spot Fighting back savagely, big, bulky Vidkun Quisling was hard pressed in defense of his collaboration with the Germans in Norway as the state presented an avalanche of evi dence purporting to show that he had co-operated closely with the Nazis in their heavy-handed occu pation of the country. Quisling was first taken back by state presentation of reportedly cap tured German documents stating that the Nazis had used information supplied by him in their invasion of Norway. The collaborationist also was shaken by charges that he had turned over to the Germans a com munist leader blocking his political program and also denied a reprieve to an official sentenced to death for refusal to force Norwegian girls to work for the Nazis. Throughout the trial, Quisling de fiantly asserted that he had played with Naziism in an effort to prevent British establishment of bases in Norway in 1340 and possible inva sion of the Scandinavian peninsula by Russia from the north and Ger many from the south to thwart the move. He also claimed to have worked fervently from 1918 for the creation of a German, British and Scandinavian bloc to arrest the de velopment of Communism in Eu rope. PACIFIC: Ask Bases Taking a realistic view of the Pa cific situation, in which the U. S. looms as the greatest power, the house naval affairs committee de manded that this country be given control over both Allied and former Japanese bases for the construc tion of a powerful defensive system capable of resisting attack from any direction. Issued by Chairman Vinson (Dem., Ga.) the congressional proposal urged U. S. domination of the whole Pacific area stretching from the Hawaiians westward to the Philippines and Ryukus, and in cluding the Marshall, Caroline and Marianas islands. In addition, the house committee said, the U. S. should take over American devel oped bases in the Manus islands in the Australian Admiralties; Guadal canal in the British Solomons; Es piritu Santo in the British-French New Hebrides and Noumea in French New Caledonia. Justifying American control over Pacific bases, the house committee cited “the loss of American lives in taking these bases. The expendi ture of vast sums of American mon ey in establishing and equipping these bases. The great depend ence of the world upon the United States for maintaining peace in the Pacific and world. . . .” SALARIES: Bar Lifted With President Harry S. Truman having set the pattern for removal of controls over wages and salaries under jurisdiction of the War Labor board, the treasury announced re laxation of restrictions on salaries of administrative, executive and professional personnel under its wartime supervision. In both cases, employers will be able to grant raises to workers pro vided they do not use the increase as a basis for requesting higher ceil ing prices. In instances where price changes are involved, government agencies will retain authority over proposed raises. At the same time, the WLB is empowered to grant wage increases where substandard rates are in ef fect to bring them more evenly in line with living costs. SKIN TREATMENT: Establishment of eight centers specializing in the treatment of tropical skin disease was annonuced by Maj. Gen. Norman T. Kirk, sur geon general of the army. At the same time the army said that there is no basis for fear of tropical skin infections spreading in this country because practically none of these diseases are conta gious and no patient with a trans missible skin disease would be allowed out of an army hospital un til he was noninfectious. News fix BehindSl thf/N^P By PAULMALioIQy^ Released by Western Newspaper Union. TAX RECONVERSION ‘A MUST DO* NECESSITY WASHINGTON. The confusion about where the United States is go ing in this world seems developing into a debate. Mr. Churchill, still the best reporter of international events in his new secondary role (his speeches give more news) told parliament the U. S. "at the minute stands at the summit of the world.” He added that in power and respon sibility it would take two or three years before our great progress is overtaken. Yet since peace, all you hear on our radio every hour on the hour are doleful tomes about how many unemployed there will be and Mr. Truman has summoned back congress primarily to raise the un employment compensation level from S2O to $25 a week and extend the allowances from 20 to 26 weeks. There are some who see a con nection between the cries that the wolves are at our door, and the pro gram to push up the unemployment allowance which congress had stead fastly resisted for many months. In fact the connection is so closely joined, in their eyes, that the com mon prophesies of defeat for the Truman idea and the CIO de mands which would go further—are being softly amended. Word being passed around now, the Truman measure will surely be adopted and the CIO may pry additional conces sions. I am not a master of the propa ganda arts, which become more mystifying to me as new techniques develop, but I do recall many past occasions, in recent years, when the cry of “wolf, wolf” was raised sole ly for the purpose of shearing the sheep while the public was looking for the wolf. In this particular case, I note that tax reduction is a subject further down the list. Indeed, no program for that phase of post-war adjust ment was worked up in advance by the administration, although some anonymous members of congress were being quoted on the back pages of the papers that the normal tax will be cut from 6 to 3 per cent. Also I have heard some rather good au thorities suggest the taxes our peo ple are paying are greater than the war expenditures of all the other nations of the world in short, our people are paying more than all other nations were putting out in the war. This cannot be precisely proved or disproved because what Russia spends is not even known to her own people, but I believe it to be substantially true. Not only that but you never even get a straight-forward picture of the unemployment situation. No one has gone on the radio at any hour I have been on, to say that 80 per cent of the unemployed are already author ized to get the maximum of S2O a week, but an expert figures out the fact, and the congressional experts say it is about right. The states, of course, are flushed (possibly $6,- 300,000,000) with big unemployment reserves from war taxes, as in New York, for instance, where the un employment sales tax was kept on before and throughout the war al though there was no unemployment. When need for the tax passed, the tax was not repealed. Perhaps I am expecting too much, to think that any politician would wolf up a tax reduction program. But why is this? There are more taxpayers than any other class. Non-Military Spending Reaches High Peak Nor do I hear anything about the existing, greatest non - military spending program ever conceived in the mind of man. Congress has ap propriated $1,500,000,000 for flood control works and $500,000,000 a year for highways, a fact you will never find in a CIO leaflet promoting increased free compensation. The G.I. bill of rights is supposed to dis pense between $3,000,000,000 and $4,- 000,000,000 in compensations within two years, with allowances to pay the way of many boys through two years schooling, but there is no ad vertising on that. In any case, everyone now is pay ing taxes, or should be, most peo ple through the nose by the with holding arrangement, yet no com parable interest in their behalf is noticeable. You never hear anyone crying: “Wolf—the tax collector.” The present-day politician never mentions the subject most affecting practically all the people In their pocketbooks and breadbaskets? And why their publicity men do not add up and announce what they are spending. I thought I had a rather good column lately showing the un added total of our foreign spend lead program was $15,700,040,000 including lend - lease, export - import bank, Bretton Woods, army relief and UNRRA, but that faet Is still otherwise un advertised. No one else added it and no one has ever referred to it as a foreign lend-spend pro gram. In connection with this current story, it must be con sidered an unemployment relief measure. SEWING CIRCLE PATTERNS Jumper-Jacket Ensemble for Fall Tot’s Jumper and Matching Jacket 1381 12-42 Jumper and Jacket Ensemble SMART and very practical for fall is this well fitting jumper jacket ensemble. The jumper has the popular wide shoulders to ac cent a trim waistline. Wear it with tailored or frilly blouses or bright harmonizing sweaters. An ideal street costume with the jacket added. • • • Pattern No. 1381 comes In sizes 12, 14, 18. 18, 20; 40 and 42. Size 14, Jumper, re quires 2 5 /b yards of 39 Inch material; jacket, long sleeves, 2'/ yards. f'-* N O-. (v- <v. (v. (v. (v. fv. (v. (v. (i. (v. ft. (V. ASK ME A? J ANOTHER f J ? A General Quiz ? O* C'* f'* N O- (t. ft. (v. ft. fv. (V- ft.ft.fk A. A. The Queationa 1. Residents of what state were at one time citizens of the United States only and not citizens of a state? 2. Which President declined a salary as the nation’s Chief Ex ecutive? 3. Where is the home of the Helvetians? 4. Who was the mother of Sa lome? 5. France’s old Devil’s island is off the shore of what continent? 6. Who said: “Part of the se cret of success in life is to eat what you like and let the food fight it out inside”? The Anawera 1. Virginia. 2. Washington. 3. Switzerland. 4. Herodias. 5. Northern South America (French Guinea). 6. Mark Twain. vut The cur. modern way to aurt ralalnf ehlrkeoa. Thlanear. efficient ail ataal BROODER rotnee to Siu Mt up. ready to uee. 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Free luUiliMMllHliiltiKaCttai I T l plana for Baiatafl Chlcka Oar flfaflaet oaelffy roue choice a/ IVh Uf. nor Promt. flora, mb fleet. flatted flack, flaw ifaaifla.. fllMfl flicofr Jeff Orpm. at twioatejufee JL- JJL *—BlM Cblckaabippad prepaid alter yon rcerlee Iroodar. /■"AT nrTj fl—*ll | or wbeneyer deoired. C.O.D.—ao moaar down. Jifl —a /O-c'gi ftuwli 1 (Or. 11 fall payment aaal with oedar. Broodu >H| aleo chipped prepaid.) fladofartlow juemateod. gflrQ| Dae^? P “* U ‘’* rOUl ‘^ultisSfiSLafa dununMnup*neemwnnw|>wP|nmMn^ I JOINTS and BRUISES | ¥>lP7:lkimiklly|jkl# "im i 9 i° Tot’s Jumper and Jaeket JUST the thing for a growing ** youngster—an adorable little jumper and jacket to match. Your young daughter will love the full cut skirt and gay button trim. • • • Pattern No. 8910 cornea In sizes 1,3, 4,5, 6 and 8 years. Size 3, jumper, re quires l'/a yards of 35 or 39 Inch mate rial; Jacket, l'/a yards. Due to an unusually large demand and the current conditions, slightly more time Is required In filling orders for a few of the most popular pattern numbers. Send your order to: SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT. 1150 Sixth Ave. New York, N. Y. Enclose 25 cents in coins for each pattern desired. Pattern No. Sire Name Address *- , w 'jjk v .9H ■ p° w der. ■ Brid8 e P° rt ’ CoQa '