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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PDBLIIMBD BTMV nUIIATrBOBKIRO BT B"WI3STO BROS, mg nm oaon county iabturu hunt m aw*n< Claes lUttw at Past Offlo* la lUalnc Bun, Maryland Under Act of Conyraao of March I, 17 " MDMFMJfDMNT lIT POLITICS AND ALL OTHER dUBJBOTO TBRMI ON SUBSCRIPTION OKI TEAR. IN ADVANCE ... BI.IW BIX MONTHS 81.00 THEBE MONTHS - • AO SINGLE COPT, B CENTS ADVHRTISINQ BATHS FURNISHED ON APPLICATION FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1945 IS UNEMPLOYMENT A STATE OF MIND? There is general unhappiness throughout the country over what 1b looked upon as "unemployment ahead of us.” The Director of War Mobilization and Reconversion in Washington estimates that the num ber of unemployed may reach several million by early next spring. Just at present there are reports from all parts of the country of war plants shifting from war production back to the old “natural lines.” That is just exactly what mu'st be expected by every one of us who take time and pains to study the definitions for the word “reconversion.” All those millions of persons who were taken out of industries, shops stores and offices are needed by em ployers who gave out Jobs before the war. It can’t all be accomplished in a “jiffy” or a few weeks. Anyhow, heads of some of the greatest business institutions of the United States have a different state of minidi about unemployment. This “unemployment” fear seems to be a state of mind. ON DEMOCRACY There is much talk, from day tc day, of the postwar world and of pre paration for it, of changes in the old and of new things, of readjustments; plans more or less comprehensive and elaborate are exploited, particu larly in economic life. We cannot look into the future and see, with clearness, through the vaporings over the boiling cauldron of the present, what then, in that postwar world, may be the condition* in economic or social or political life, and undertake to lay down rules and regulations therefor. We should, hoover, contemplate and study the past, intelligently and carefully, and like Patrick Henry, by the light of experience learn what therein was wrong and what right, “hold fast to that which is good,” and "do the right as God gives us to see the right.” The subject of first importance is not economic but social and political particularly the democratic charactei and foundation of the government at one "of, by and for” free people, gov erning themselves. William L Chitty. FORD AND FERGUSON Harry Ferguson is a product of the Emerald Isle and it is recorded in his background that he was the first man in Ireland to fly a heavier-than-aii machine. He came to America and hooked-up with Henry Ford, the highest success as an industrial-flyer in our country. The two men got to gether at Dearborn, Michigan, as manufacturers of the Ford-Ferguson tractor, plus Ferguson implements. Ferguson is an "original” genius, and that is why he and Grand Old Henry got together. They agreed that farm methods had remained almost exactly the same for hundreds of years—that the only possible way to improve farm and economic condi tions was to devise modern efficient mechanized implements engineered precisely to known farm needs. So the two “Big FF’s” combined their tractors and the implements, that you find mentioned in our live Fam ily Newspapers so frequently. GREAT ADVANCES IN POWER PLANTS SEEN The motor power plants of the na tion’s transportation systems have taken on new forms at a rate unpre cedented in history, C. M. Larson, noted petroleum engineer, announ ced recently. The steam locomotive, he pointed out, now appears powered with a steam turbine instead of a reciprocat ing engine with cylinders; diesel lo comotives of 6,000 horsepower are not uncommon; gas turbins are al ready in use, and jet propulsion air craft is a fact. “Just imagine what the automo tive engineer has up his sleeve for the postwar car, truck and bus,” Mr. Larson said 1 , “not to mention the civi lian airplane or skyroad car that will appear within the next five years.” There’s enough salt in the oceans to equal fourteen and one-half times the bulk of the entire continent of Europe above the high water mark, according to the Eucyclopedia Bri tannlca. That would be no less than four and one-half million cubic miles of rock salt. o Is there any comfort in the thought that nobody will try to in vent a bomb thAt will kill more than ball way around the earth? & THE MEN ARE COMING HOME Hy .1. E. Jones New York City, September 10 — Your writer from Washington saw many of the returning 50 transports arriving In New York Port this week, brining ou'r men home, at the rate of more than 10,000 a day. 1 saw them —it seems like years ago —when the boys went away, light-hearted, cheer ing, anxious for adventure and confi dent that they would win the war in Europe. Now, hundred's of thousands of those BOYS are dead. The trans ports are unloading MEN. Some of them are from your community, and New York is only a landing place. But, it is the first viewpoint for tilt opening of the great transformation —from the boys of recent years ti the serious maturity brought s* quickly upon these heroes who have finished their job, and returned to re sume their places in the greatest Na tion in the World. I say greatest be cause our boys of the 1917-18’s won that war and the boys of the 1940’* won two wars —one in Europe and one in the Pacific. That’s just exactly the whole, plain truth—with all sen timent, “maybe's”, qualifications and reservations scratched. There are men from the wars oi every avenue and street, and wher ever you may look in this great city They are returning to their owi homes, and to their loved ones every hour of the day and night. Everybody is agreed that every man we are talking about must In looked after and put back into hit old place or a better one. Let nothing defeat, or chill that good resolution But I have spent many long hour, in remembering those “bonus-army’ marches upon my home city of Wash ington in the 1920’s when the Wash ngton government lulled all of u* dtizens and insisted that we musi 'keep our noses out of this affair.’ We did! We won’t stand for a repeti ion of any such tragedy again! Noi will you! The men are coming home. They will get all their rights. Theii countrymen will not let them down this time. School Days In a recent statement Katharine F. Lenroot. chief of the U. S. Child ren’s Bureau, said; “For four years war pressures have pushed school en rollment down and child labor up." in the years 1940-41, high school at endance in the nation reached a rec >rd peak with a figure of 7,250,000. The following year the registration iropped 300,000; in 1942-43, 300,- )00 more. In 1943-44 there was a lrop of 600,000 reported by high schools on a nation-wide basis. While i small percentage of these losses is ittributable to fewer numbers of >oys and girls, owing to declining ilrth rates of previous years, the em ployment of 14 to 17 year old rose rom less than one million in 1940 o approximately three million in the •pring of 1945. In addition to those young people who have dropped from school for steady employment in industry, an >ther two to three millions have .ound jobs during afternoons, even ngs, weekends and vacation periods. Educators are concerned lest a size able percentage of these fail to re turn to school this fall. In order to make a successful readjustment to school programs those who have known the independence and excite ment of receiving war-inflated wages must be willing to settle down to the averyday routine of school life. But parents, civic organizations and youth leaders can perform a needed service by emphasizing to tomorrow’s itizens that the best foundation for future happiness is a well-rounded education. That Draft Many in Congress hope that volun tary enlistments in both the Army and Navy’ will be enough to justify .n end, or at least drastic curtail ment, of calls under Selective Ser vice. If enlistments were adequate, one of Congress' greatest headaches would disappear. •• * • Shorter Working Hours . The Wage Stabilization Program and flocks of regulations were virtu ally scrapped, by help of power poli tics. Without aid of radio speech-mak ing, President Truman in his custom ary open and sensible manner has or dered most of the Government agen cies on a forty-hour work week. He 1 took it for granted that the eight Na tional holidays belong to all the peo- i pie, and he also lifted restrictions on I annual leave. 1 The President’s Order stated that i the forty-hour week will “permit the < establishment of a five-day work < week wherever feasible.” Any special f THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY .SEPTEMBER 14, 1045 1945 SEPTEMBER msl SUM MON TUI wm IthuhThi sat 1 2345 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 192021 22 ”i0124|25|26 27|28129| EDUCATION •1. I). Himslckcr, I’lisaileiiii, Calif. The progress of mankind depends on expansion of our resources, and the means by which to do it is edu cation. Education is a process of in creasing our power to do filings. The statesman, Edmund Burke, said: "Education is the chief defense of nations.”. That education is power Is undeniably true. But education is a general term and can be used to tear down as well as build up. It can therefore, be a means of defense or it can become an offense. As an ex ample of what can be done we simply need to look aud see what lias hap pened! to Germany. A nation may muzzle its preachers and stop gospel proclamation. Hut such divorce opens the doors to invite the coming of a veritable hell and a world conflagra tion. There is another expression, often quoted, which has a similar general significance, beating on the training of youth: “Spare the rod and spoil the child.” Like education, "sparing tlie rod” can be corrective or it may spoil and. fail in the tiling it is in tended to do. In other words, a rod can result in evil ns well as good, and in the majority of cases ruling will be found to be bad. It creates fear, and it is never wise to create any thing but respect and reverence. Once these are lost, the building of noble character in youth fails. The word "education” literally means “The act of leading out.” If education is thorough and complete, it will bring out all the powers of being, body, soul and spirit. This is balanced -power, makes us free and gives stability and poise to do the right. If our education is de fective in one of these factors, our thinking and acting cannot be nor mal, and, in a proportionate degree, our life does not add up to what it might be. The Bible in stressing our need of such development puts it thus: “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word proceedeth out of the mouth of God.” They who leave God out of their education are building on the sand, nothing under their feet is firm, and tire very prin ciple of life rests on fantasy, imagi nation and uncertainty. When Edmond Burke spoke of ed ucation a century or more ago there was more truth in his statement than there is today. Since that day the ed ucation of the whole man has retro graded. The textbooks of our public schools do not contain many stories on holy living and good habits; phy siology is no longer a cardinal study, and as a result the use of narcotics and intoxicants in this age has not been exceeded in any age. This is no :redit to 20th century progress. We have made very commendable pro gress in inventions and the sciences, hut only to find ourselves chagrined in the greatest killing tragedy of world history. If nations want to continue to live they must find away to conserve and save. Continued destruction will bring us to the end of all there is. Necessity demands a change of heart, of will and of action. Past ways have proven that we must turn to the iglit. Education can bring it about, but not unless it be thorough and in clude all the powers of the soul with in us, PROTESTANT ACCOMPLISHMENT During the 45 years since the Spanish-American War, Protestant, free America has done more to help the people of the Philippine Islands than was ever done for them under 333 years of Spanish Roman Catho lic misrule. Protestant America brought in American public schools, modern sanitation, decent housing, a protect ed water supply, electricity, the right of public assembly, free speech, mod ern transportation, and the open Bible with its message of the Gospel. Contrast all these achievements with the corrupt medieval civilization and decadent Roman Catholicism that had been imposed by a cruel selfish priesthood and one will understand why the people of the Philippines stood loyally by the U. S. A. follow ing the Jap invasion. That Grand Hotel in Yokohama managed to resist every earthquake —except MacArthur. Robots are nothing new they may have been made as far back as 400 B. C., according to the Encyclo-1 pedia Britannica. In that year, it is! reported a craftsman made a wooden pigeon that could fly. Another an cient is said to have made a fly of iron which would flutter around the room and return to his hand, and an eagle which flew before the emperor Maximilian when he entered Nurera burg. agency of the Government that must have workers longer hours will be required to fill in the gap with a skeleton force to keep the wheels go ing around. In Washington it was es timated that the 40-hour Order will reduce many salaries; but the Gov ernment will still be paying out to all of its employees proper wages and salaries. POST WAR PLANNING Through wars man himself has conceived no more catastrophic de struction! of human values. And- in the backwash of wars also comes de struction of those wild life values which contribute so much toward maintaining a healthful, out.loor-lov ing populace during peaeu.u.s. In the backwash of the First World War came the drainage craze. With it, our cultivation and destruc tion of the soil-binding prairie sod of our mid-continental states and provinces of Canada, which needed : only a cycle drought to touch off the “Dust Bowl” era. And up in the smoke-like dust clouds of that era went the bulk of North America’s wild waterfowl whose prlncipa 1 breeding grounds were that prairie country. The U. S. Hiological Survey estimated the wild duck population in 1934 at only some 28,000,000- not much more than two bag limits for each of the 1,250,000 present ’ day purchasers of duck stamps. Now another war is bringing in its wake a corollary to the drainage craze born of the last great conflict. Now it’s dams for flood control, ir -1 rigation, navigation, hydro-electric ' power, etc. Not little dams to hold back water at the headwaters where floods really should be controlled, but enormous structures damming up the greatest river systems of the na tion. What these great post-war propos als might do to the wildlife of the regions affected may well he cunjec -1 turodi. Aquatic wildlife, waterfowl ' and fish in particular, are dependent ' for substenance upon aquatic vegeta tion. Such vegetation requires more or less stabilized water depths to thrive-—a condition that cannot be maintained if the proposed large fed - eral projects are to serve as vast ’ catch-basins for spring flood waters 1 and then, necessarily, be drained off ■ in readiness for the next deluge. Too many dams may he just as de structive as too much drainage. Our 1 great rivers and their tributaries are to this continent what the - blood streams are to the human body. They 1 are its life blood. Major operations on the blood stream of our continent 1 should be undertaken only after the most careful and rigid diagnosis. Too many toruniquets on our arteries may be just as unhealthy as too much bleeding, and too many dams may be just as destructive as too much drainage. A case in point is the much-dis cussed Missouri River Authority, an application of the TVA idea which may be extended to six other major river systems of the nation. The Mis souri water shed is one of the great -1 est potential waterfowl areas in the United States. Like the upper Missi ssippi, already biologically upset by a chain of navigation dams, the Mis souri is a waterfowl flyaway of par amount importance along which the ' migrants must be able to find custo mary supplies of natural food —or else. Despite the great flight of ducks out of the prairie provinces last fall, observers on the upper Mississippi reported the migration 75 per cent less than during previous years. With inadequate natural foods along the Mississippi the birds concentrat ed in enormous numbers in the Da kotas —doing much damage to grain crops. The answer seems to be not big dams for flood control and other pur poses, but wise handling of waters where the rain falls. o MARYLAND MUSINGS A preliminary estimate of the number of turkeys raised on farms in Maryland tihs year as of August 1 is 480,000, according to the Mary land Crop Reporting Service. This compares with 400,000 raised in 1944. The old story about the biscuits that were heavy because the cook mistook “bug powder” for baking ! powder is not so ridiculous as it sounds. Many serious accidents have resulted from carelessness with in secticides used in the home and gar den. Present supplies of fats and oils are lower than they have been in many years. The State of Maryland, under su pervision of Dr. E. A. Walker, Assis tant Pathologist, began removing Dutch Elm diseased trees the middle of June in the Lewistown and Fred erick townships. By the end of June, 24 Dutch Elm disease and 88 beetle material samples, or a total of-112 trees had been- removed and destroy ed In Frederick and Carroll counties, Yes, Junior, we know just what happened! Your mother is like thousands of other electric range users who insist: "You can't beat electric cooking ... it's fast, clean, cool, and cheap!" And your mother also happens to be a good cook who makes mouth-watering pies and cakes and prepares dinners that bub ble over with vitamins. That's why your family agrees that Mother and her electric range is the world's best cooking combination. Now, how about those folks who want to cook electri cally but can't buy a range? Well, new ranges are now in production, so our advice is this: Keep in touch with your local electrical dealer. He'll gladly notify you the minute electric ranges are again available. CONOWINGu POWER COMPANY GASOLINE AND FUEL OIL SAVED BY RATIONING With the help of the people of the State, the Maryland War Price and Rationing Boards and the State OPA Office accomplished the almost unbe lievable in conserving more than G 75,000,000 gallons of fuel oil and nearly 200,000,000 gallons of gaso line during the rationing period on these commodities from May 1942, to August 15, 1945, when the restric tions were lifted. Ti e figures were given by Leo H. McCormick, OPA Maryland State Di rector, in a summary of operations on three major rationing programs— fuel oil, gasoline and processed foods —which were dicontinued as of Aug ust 15. Mr. McCormick said: “The magnitude of the rationing job in Maryland is indicated in the figures on applications handled and gallons of gas and oil rationed. On fuel oil for all purposes 1,614,976 separate applications for coupons were pro cessed for a total of 2,038,740,673 gallons. Ration coupons were issued for 796,747,246 gallons of gasoline.” ■■ o SALVATION ARMY AND WAR The Salvation Army has helped 1,187,103 servicemen in various ways since Pearl Harbor, when mo bile canteens were adopted immedi ately and the Honolulu Professional Business Women's Club, Lions Club and Masonic Lodges gave liberal sup port. Professional and volunteer workers have traveled more than 92,- 000 miles in this service. At first mil itary provisions were not established and the Salvationists carried on alone, serving food and refreshments which did much to maintain a high morale. Later, responsibility for the program was assumed by the United Service Organizations of which the Salvation Army is one. 1 11 U 11 CHRISTIAN SCIENCE SERVICES “Substance” will be the subject of the Lesson-Sermon in all Churches of Christ, Scientist, on Sunday, Sep tember 16. The Golden Text will be from He brews 11:1—“Faith is the substance of things hoped, for, the evidence of things not seen.” Among the citations comprising the Lesson-Sermon will be the fol lowing from the Bible —Micab 4:l— - the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established in the top of the mountain, and It shall be exalted above the hills; and the people shall flow Into It.’ FUND FOR RELIEF AND RECONSTRUCTION The Protestant churches ot the United States are planning to raise between $20,000,000 and $25,000,- 000 for relief and reconstruction of human life and church services in Europe and Asia during the next 4 years, according to Dj\ Leslie B. Moss, director of the Church Com mittee on Overseas Relief and Recon struction which coordinates these ef forts. This total will probably be con .iderably increased with the end of the Pacific war and the totalling of he needs there, Dr. Moss believes. Twenty-three leading denominations are raising these funds at present. Their use will vary according to need but most of the budgets provide for relief of Christian clergy and congre gations that suffered through the war, aid in rebuilding or repairing religious institutions, printing and listribution of scriptures, aid to war prisoners, refugees and orphans, aid to mission groups cut off from their homelands, and ministries of health, .social welfare, care of mothers, care of the undernourished, etc. o SUGAR SITUATION CRITICAL Warning that sugar situation is critical, Leo H. McCormick, OPA Maryland State Director, urges house wives not to apply for canning sugar unless they actually know it will be used for that purpose. The State Director also declared that purchasers should not accept anything less than five pounds of su gar for the currently valid sugar stamp No. 38. There have been com plaints of some storekeepers selling four pounds instead of the usual five pounds for the stamps, giving the purchaser two two-pound' packages and saying they could not break a package for the fifth pound. Dealers have been told that they must give full value for the stamps. Mr. Mc- Cormick said: "The new stamp 38 will be good for four months at the current ration rate of five pounds of sugar every four months. Supplies of sugar in this country, as well as all over the world, continue very tight. The Department of Agriculture tells us that there is no prospect of im provement in supplies for civilians this year. Stocks are lower right now than they have been in a decade. Ob viously, we must continue to ration sugar so that all can share equally.” How about a little eye-opener—■ the realisation of how many things we've been doing without?