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Strive for Employment fCM Of Disabled Veterans gliXi Act to Furnish Handicapped With Chance for I Gainful Occupation; Industry Pledges Its Full Co-Operation. By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNC Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. When a lot more workers than Jobs begin to plague the employ ment offices of the country, some 2% million men stand to have a little tougher sledding than their fellows . . . that is, unless the pro gram that will be getting under way as these lines appear achieves the worthy purpose that its designers have for it. The potential workers who are go ing to get this special help are the men who have made the second greatest sacrifice in World War li the ones who gave all never came back. I’m going to talk about the disabled American veterans. In times of great unemployment a person with a disability has two strikes on him when pitted for a Job against a perfectly able-bodied worker. Therefore, the Disabled American Veterans, a veterans’ or ganization whose membership is confined solely to the war disabled, is setting up the machinery to go to bat for him so that he from whom much has been taken to keep the rest of us secure within the wide bounds of these United States will have at least as good a chance as his able-bodied colleague in getting a job where he can earn a living for himself and his family. For the first time in its history, DAV, the Disabled American Vet erans, has set up a highly integrat ed national network of employment officers headed in Washington by Dr. Gilbert S. Macvaugh, a disabled veteran of this war and a former lieutenant commander with wide ex perience in personnel and employ ment counselling. These employ ment officers have their hands reaching out in two directions—one toward the disabled veteran and one toward the employer in an endeavor to bring the two together so that the employer and the veteran may meet and reach an agreement on a Job. Let me give you two small exam ples of the type of thing the DAV is getting ready to do in a big way. Take the case of the man who had been wounded in the invasion of Normandy. An injury to his spinal column paralyzed him from the waist down so that he is bed ridden. On directions from the Washington DAV office, the local employment officer of the DAV con tacted the man to see what kind of work he might do while in bed and yet receive some income. In the man’s community there was a small plant for making hooked rugs. The DAV representative arranged to have the bed-ridden veteran make hooked rugs and market them with this concern. Then there is an entirely different type of case—seeing that justice is done the disabled veteran after he does get a job. A guard was em ployed in a certain public build ing. He had a slight nervous dis order for which a psychiatrist was treating him, prescribing a little medication to be taken while on duty. One day the medicine made the veteran feel drowsy and he asked to be relieved from duty for a few hours until he could overcome it. That was refused him. Subse quently charges were preferred against him and he was given a letter of suspension. The DAV Na tional Employment officer went to the mat for him and had the whole case uncovered. Find Boys Can Do Job Well Back of the helping hand offered to the disabled veterans to get them into jobs a lot of spade work has been going on the ground has been prepared with great care so that when the crisis comes— many workers and few jobs—the former G.I. who literally gave part of himself for the rest of us will have an opportunity to work. The DAV asserts that he can do a job well in spite of his handicap. It points to records it is accumulating which show that when a disabled veteran is hired, he shows great care and conscientiousness in per forming his task. It’s something like the story of the old Washington airport—it was one of the most dan gerous in the United States, but there were no major accidents on BARBS . . , by Baukhage Corned beef, corned beef hash, deviled bam, chili con carne, lunch eon meat and sausage meat made up the bulk of the protein diet of the soldier at the outbreak of the war. But don’t worry, mother, there were 40 canned meats before they were through so you can safety serve almost anything he used to eat. Investigators say he preferred the kinds of things he got at home. it. The answer was that pilots, knowing the hazards, took extra precautions in using the field. So a disabled veteran, already knowing what it is to be handicapped, uses considerable extra care. I said the DAV had set up a na tional employment program for the first time in its existence, headed up in Washington by a National Employment officer. Then each state has a Chief Employment of ficer. The DAV in each state is divided into chapters, or local units, and each has an employment of ficer also, thus bringing the contact of this helping hand right down into the community where the veteran lives or is hospitalized. Before the program can begin operating in the complete way en visioned by its planners, the men who can offer the Jobs have to be contacted personally and the chal lenge of their opportunity to make work available to handicapped vet erans has to be put squarely be fore them. This has been the first task of Dr. Macvaugh and his corps of employment officers. DAV Gets Off To Good Start A strong beginning was made when at a conference in Atlantic City the following representative or ganizations, among others, were contacted personally by the DAV National Employment officer and asked to influence the businesses for which they are spokesmen to put disabled veterans on their work rolls: the National Association of Manufacturers, the American Bank ers association, the Chamber of Commerce, the National Council of Farmer Co-operatives, the Ameri can Farm Bureau federation, the American Retail fedlration, the Air Transport association, Aircraft In dustries association, Investment Bankers association, Committee of Economic Development, American Trucking association, American Waterways Operators, Association of American Railroads, National Foreign Trade Council, National Re tail Dry Goods association, Interna tional Association of Lions Clubs, National Grange, National Associa tion of Motor Bus Operators, and so on. But this gives you an indica tion of the scope of the cultivation of the soil for jobs for disabled vet erans. Available jobs are made known to the Veterans’ Employment Repre sentative of the United States Em ployment service, which has agreed to designate an assistant in each state who will specialize in the em ployment of war disabled G.l.s. The DAV has developed a system whereby its chapter employment of ficer knows as soon as a man who has a disability is released from an institution and is available for work in his community. He also knows the disabled veterans living there who need jobs. It is his task to bring the men and the jobs to gether. It is the DAV chapter employ ment officer who takes the man to the veterans’ employment represent ative of the USES where the jobs are registered, and on to the pro spective employer, if necessary, to clinch the employment of the ex- G.I. There are five planks in the em ployment platform of the DAV. First, to convince employers that they should employ dis abled American veterans, some where, IMMEDIATELY; Second, to support the train ing of disabled veterans for more than one key job in an Industry so that when heavy unemployment develops, the disabled man will not be the first discharged, for he will be able to do more than one job; Third, to advocate increased wages for disabled veterans be cause they have become more valuable as a result of the mul tiple training; Fourth, to try to improve working conditions for the dis abled ex-G.l. so that his job ia a pleasant one; Fifth, to see that preference is given the disabled veteran in staying on the job when people i have to he released. President Truman recently re moved a little gun-model from his desk and replaced it with a plough share. Let’s hope it won’t have to be reconverted again. • * • Weed a chain for your watch-dog? The navy has a lot of surplus. You can get it in convenient 90-foot lengths, diameter of links up to 2% inches. That ought to hold him. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING 'SUN.' MD. 1 WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS ResumeWageTalksAfterTruman ' Bid for Anti-Strike Legislation; Prize Steer Brings $lO Per Lb. _____________ Released by Western Newspaper Union. "I (EDITOR’S NOTE: When opinions are expressed In these eolomns, they are those ol Western Newspaper Unlen’a news analysis and not necessarily of this newspaper.) U. S. DIPLOMACY: Charges Double-Dealing In one of the most boisterous con gressional hearings of recent years, wily, silver-haired Maj. Gen. Pat rick Hurley ripped into the state department career men for their al leged interference with his efforts to unify China and establish it as a base for far eastern political stabil ity. Alternately calm and heated, Hur ley, recently resigned as ambassa dor to Chungking, told the sen ate foreign relations committee that during his discussions with Chinese communists he concluded tiiat cer tain state department officials had convinced the Reds that his policy for unifying the country under Chiang Kai-shek would be scrapped. Instead, the officials were said to have declared that the U. S. would seek to stabilize Asia with a con trolled Japanese empire. , In hitting at the career men, Hur ley charged that they sided with im perialist Great Britain, France and the Netherlands for keeping the orient divided to permit the con tinued exploitation of the subject people. In alleging underhanded state department workings, Hurley stated that war plans drawn up for the Big Three meet at Yalta and favoring the distribution of Allied arms to Chinese Reds if they were within t jjj| |||': .aim ‘ fg Wm , V"'-’' . Maj. Gen. Patrick Hurley the area of proposed American land ings, were communicated to the communists. As a result, the Reds moved en masse toward the pros pective beaches in an effort to se cure the arms ahead of Chiang’s na tionalists. Mentioning George Atcheson Jr., and John S. Service as two of the career men working against his unification plan in Chungking, Hur ley said they returned to the U. S. to be promoted as his superiors. LABOR: Truman Scare Because President Truman’s pro posal for the creation of fact-finding machinery to speed settlement of industrial strife was reported to have thrown a scare into both capi tal and labor, General Motors and the ClO’s United Automobile Work ers agreed to a resumption of negotiations over the union’s de mands for a 30 per cent wage in crease. At the same time, expert observ ers looked to settlement of wage disputes involving two other major CIO organizations, the United Steel Workers against U. S. Steel corpor ation and the Electrical Workers against Westinghouse, General Elec tric and other corporations in this industry. Decision of G. M. and UAW to resume bargaining reportedly fol lowed a secret meeting between company and union officials in Pittsburgh, Pa., in which the danger of the President’s proposal to free negotiation was said to have been discussed. Under Mr. Truman’s re quest for congressional authority to set up fact-finding machinery, gov ernment representatives would be empowered to look into both com pany and union books to determine validity of rival claims and strike action would be withheld during the investigations. Advanced after failure of the labor - management conference in Washington, D. C., to establish me chanism for speedy settlement of industrial warfare, the President’s proposal drew quick fire from union circles, the CIO announcing vigorous steps would be taken in an effort to divert the requested legislation. In openly breaking with the Dem ocratic administration on the pro posed measure, CIO Chieftain Philip Murray declared the design of such Points Up Lack of Modern U. S. Roadways Only 6 per cent of the 333,000 miles of primary rural highways in the United States have more than two traffic lanes, Charles M. Upham, engineer-director of the American Road Builders’ association, revealed. “It will surprise many that in 1943 we had only 20,879 miles of roads with more than two lanes, of which 14,661 were three lanes,” he said. “America’s mileage in more than two-lane highways is far more limited than most people realize and much of this is not of a high type surface," Mr. Upham went on. “Only five states—Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York and Texas—have in excess of 1,000 miles each, and the predominance of this is of the three-lane variety. In fact, deduct ing the three-lane mileage, Kansas has only 93 miles of four-lane or more, Minnesota 253 Nebraska 81. New York 567 and Taxas 817." legislation was to weaken and de- i stroy labor organization while ap- 1 peasing American industry which i has refused to bargain sincerely ! over wage demands. PEARL HARBOR: I Prepared: Marshall Declaring that American military forces in Hawaii were more ade quately equipped than at any other installation in the army, Gen. George C. Marshall, former U. S. chief of staff, told the congressional commit tee investigating the Pearl Harbor disaster that he felt Maj. Gen. Wal ter Short was prepared to meet a surprise attack on quick notice. Reflecting general military opin ion, however, Marshall testified that he did not expect a Japanese at tack on the big base,, even though both the army and navy were aware that enemy spies there were for warding information on fleet move ments in Pearl Harbor to Tokyo. A conservative Japanese thrust southward to Thailand and Malaya was anticipated, Marshall related. Acknowledging receipt of Short’s reply to Marshall warning of pos sible hostilities sent on November 27, the ex-chief of staff said special attention was not called to the fact that the Hawaiian commander had only reported alerting his forces against sabotage without mention ing other preparations. Regarding U. S., British, Dutch and Canadian pre-Pearl Harbor discussions, Marshall said their purpose primarily concerned the de feat of Germany rather than Japan. In a message to President Roose velt sometime in the summer of 1941, the former chief of staff opined that the Allies could not defeat the Nazis with supplies alone,, but large ground forces would be required. Jap Chief Faces Death First major axis personage to be con victed of tear crimes, Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita’s life depended on a V. S. Supreme court disposition of his appeal that the military commission trying him lacked authority, and finally upon Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur if the high American tribunal denied his petition. Though Yamashita was not directly charged with committing atroci ties, he was accused of having counte nanced them. fFith typical Japanese * humility in defeat, Yamashita thanked the U. S. for supplying him with “bril liant and conscientious’’ lawyers for his trial, and also praised the fairness of the hearings. FAT STOCK: Record Sale Grand champion of the Chicago Market Fat Stock show, Tomahawk, sleek Shorthorn steer raised by Carl A. Henkel of Mason City, lowa, and Joseph Duea of Belmond, lowa, brought the highest price ever paid for a steer when it was auctioned off to John R. Thompson, Chicago restaurateur, for sll,lOO. Sired from a Shorthorn bull bred by Chicago Packer Thomas E. Wil son, Tomahawk scaled 1,100 pounds, bringing the owners’ return to $lO a pound, $1.15 less than the all-time top per pound paid to the Eastern States exposition champion of 915 pounds in 1929. Tomahawk’s huge return justified the confidence of its owners, who turned down a SSOO bid for the steer 17 months ago. High prices prevailed for stock champions, Karl Hoffman, veteran Hereford breeder of Ida Grove, lowa, receiving $30,660 for his grand prize carload of 15 steers averaging 1,022 pounds, and George E. Hoffman and his son, George Jr. of Ida Grove, lowa, obtaining $1,742 for the top carload of 26 Berkshire hogs aver aging 268 pounds. Honor 4-H Climax to the whirlwind 4-H con gress held in Chicago, 111., 151 dele gates received approximately $32,- 000 in awards at the annual banquet staged in the Stevens hotel. Of the total, $17,200 was paid in scholar ships mostly of S2OO denominations while $14,600 was disbursed in trav elling expenses and S9OO in victory bonds . Of five-day duration, the 24th an nual 4-H convention proved a field day for the 1,200 delegates in at tendance, 80 per cent of whom had never been outside their home states or stopped at a hotel, and 50 per cent of whom had enjoyed their first train ride in coming to the meet. Stressing the need for individual progress and enterprise to assure survival, Secretary of Agriculture Anderson told 4-H delegates that 50 per cent of the youth living on farms will have to seek other occu pations due to increasing efficiency and mechanization. FARM PROBLEM: CED Solutions Broader vocational training, spe cial types of rural employment services and an accelerated shift of manufacturing into country areas would materially assist in the in creased use of surplus farm labor in industry and help solve one of the primary problems of agricul ture, the Committee for Economic Development declared in a state ment released by Chester Davis, CED vice chairman and presi dent of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. With agriculture destined to look more and more to the co-operative effort of government for assistance in resolving problems arising from heavy mechanized production and pressure on commodity prices, the CED foresaw a need for three types of federal payments within the near future: (1) to enable farmers in de pressed regions like the cotton belt to shift to other crops or occupa tions; (2) to compensate operators for the effect of severe industrial depressions, and (3) to permit reali zation of the government pledge to support farm prices for two years after the war. In reference to long-range price policy, CED asked for re-examina tion of the whole cost system, be ginning with a redefinition of parity in relation to existing conditions. GOP: Map Platform- Making no bones about their conservatism, Republican members of congress drawing up a campaign platform for 1946 called for bal ancing the budget, economy and re duction of bureaucracy and repre sented themselves as the counter weight to what they styled Demo cratic radicalism. In rounding out their domestic platform, the GOP solons backed collective bargaining with govern ment provision for speeding settle ment of disputes, and also stood for government support of farm prices in the readjustment period and agri culture’s future fair share of the na tional income. In foreign affairs, the Republicans favored the United Nations organi zation, the right of individual na tions to self-government and exten sion of relief to the needy in war torn lands abroad to prevent chaos and misery. Advocating a well trained armed force, the GOP also asked for scientific research to as sure the most modern weapons. Cocky Hermann Now heading the list of 20 top Nazis feeing tried tor war crimes in Nuernberg, Hermann Goerlng found diversion in palmier days playing with animals from his mini ature zoo at Karin Hall estate. Blandly assuming responsibility for all of his official acts and continuing to swear by national socialism, Goering has been the most aggres sive of the Hitlerian big-wigs at the trial, now in its second phase with British prosecution of principals on charges they violated international treaties. BRITISH LOAN: Trade Help In what the British termed “a magna carta for world trade,” the Truman administration replied to their appeal for a loan to permit an orderly resumption of their for eign commerce by agreeing to an advance of 4.4 billion dollars subject to congressional approval. Flatly turning down British pro posals for an outright grant on the strength of arguments that their early stand had prevented a Nazi victory, the administration agreed to spread the loan over a 50-year pe riod at a 2 per cent interest rate, first payable in 1951. As a result of the loan, Britain will be able to pay off wartime debts by shipment of finished goods to creditor nations, while still importing material to maintain an adequate living standard. The two countries also pledged to work for a reduction in tariffs and the elimina tion of quotas and other restrictions on work! trade. TROOP TRANSPORT: Thirty-two American troop trans ports with a combined capacity of 83,000 men have been ordered trans ferred from the Atlantic to the Pacific and will move through the Panama canal by the end of De cember on their way to Japan or the Philippines, the army said. Seventeen of the vessels are fast troopships, including the West Point formerly the America largest U. S. passenger liner afloat. The other 15 are converted Vlotory ships. Keep a jar of ground peanuts on hand. They add nutrition and fla vor to muffins, waffles, cookies and quick breads. They dress up salads and perk up plain desserts such as cup custard. —•— When washing, turn clothes with ties or sashes inside out before putting them into the washing ma chine. —•— That discouraged - looking veil can be freshened by pressing it between two pieces of brown paper with a warm iron. —• — Ash trays should be emptied and washed each night. Otherwise the house will have an unpleasant odor in the morning from the soiled trays. —•— If yon are forever wearing out shoe strings, try this method of strengthening them. Stitch up and down each string several times with your sewing machine before using them. CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT BUILDING MATERIALS 100 Bxßxl6 Concrete Building Blocks per day with hand mold, requiring one laborer, no machinery. Write J. C. HOWARD, 207 No. Anbnrndale, Memphis, Tenn. BUSINESS & INVEST. OPPOR. BOOKKEEPERS—Operate your own "Dol lar-a-Week" Bookkeeping and Tax Serv ice. Full or spare time. Details free. ELLIS, Box 212, Cedar Grove, No. Carolina. MAKE BIG MONEY! On small new busi ness. Start anywhere. Profitable year round. E. P. JACOBS, 548 Boardman-Can fleld Rd., Youngstown 7, Ohio. A Safe, Sound Investment— Buy U. S. Savings Bonds! SNAPPY FACTS RUBBER A recent survey reveals that 84.5 X of the nation's post-war travelers will prefer to use automobiles as ~ thfir method of transportation. It Is expected that repair bills on future cars may be re duced by the use of a num ber of synthetic rubber parts. Average passenger tire cost per 1000 miles of travel has been re duced from $2.35 to 65c during the last 25 years. It's the air in a tire that carries the load and not the tiro itself. Too little air pres sure may result in fabric breaks or uneven tread wear. In 45 years the American automo tive Industry has produced 88 mil lion motor vehicles. 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