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Housing Bill Suffers fJEH
Rough Going in Congress yft Taft Breaks With Conservatives in Backing N ' ? |||| Administration Measure; Long-Range :. , *1 Building Policy Asked. By BAUKHAGE | News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1616 Eye street, N.W., Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON, D. C. lt is fully expected that what is left of the plan for settling America’s number one problem the problem of find ing a home—will be cut up by con gress and pasted together in some new, strange shape by now. If it is still in the works when you read these lines there is a possibility that what finally emerges from the hop per will be more what the patient planners wanted and less like what the various pressure groups wanted. The interesting thing to me about the debate on this measure in the beginning was this: although the ad ministration features of the bill went squarely against the conservative grain of our conservatively in grained congresses, it had one champion who usually sits as far away as he can possibly edge from anything of even a pale pink hue. I refer to Sen. Robert Taft, Re publican of Ohio. What Mr. Taft says never falls on deaf ears in the senate even if the ears are doubting ones and sprout from the heads of those cruelly affronted members once referred to as “the sons of wild jackasses.” Vox Taft to the conserv ative is his master’s VOX. The two key features to the ad ministration bill were the subsidy, which would grease the way for quick construction of the lower priced type of homes, and the price ceiling which would make it cheaper to live in a house than re-sell for profit. That is, the present owner of a house could sell his property for any price he could get without restriction, but owner number two would have to re-sell it for what he paid (plus, of course, reasonable cost for improvements). These two conditions may have been good or bad. Whether they were or not they were opposed for two main reasons: first, because they were considered “government interference” and therefore radical, and second, because powerful lob bies, the profits of whose principals would have been curtailed, put all the pressure they could on congress. In spite of the feeling that the spirit of the housing bills was “lib eral,” if you prefer that word to “leftish” or “New Dealish,” Senator Taft supported it. He had made a careful study of housing and come to the mature conclusion that the administration idea, as embraced in the bills introduced by Senator Wag ner in the senate and Representa tive Patman in the house, was as nearly the right sort of legislation as could be obtained. The CIO took the same view. Now when viewpoints as different as these two arrive at agreement, the simple citizen is inclined to think that their joint approval is pretty sound sponsorship. Labor Want* Planned Action The CIO has printed a very busi nesslike booklet on the subject in which we are reminded that we have always had a housing short age because our cities just grew like Topsy, that the shortage is steadily growing and that estimates show that by the end of this year almost three and a half million families will be homeless unless they are taken in by relatives or double up with others—as the President sug gested they will have to do mean while. The reason that we always had a housing shortage, according to the CIO, is because we never had a housing policy. We have a public school educational policy; a police protection policy; a war and navy policy. As a result, we have a pretty good school system, our police give us reasonable protection to life and property; we have never lost a war nor suffered invasion. But we can’t have roofs over our heads. That is what the current housing legislation is supposed to provide. One more factor may be injected into this controversy which could af fect it materially: the veteran, chief sufferer from homelessness, is as yet unorganized. Once organized, he could out-pressure the other pressure groups. • • • Since I heard forthright speeches of Senator Vandenberg and Secre tary of State Byrnes which sounded a sharp warning to Russia that the BARBS • • • by Baukhage The term “collective bargaining'' was first used in London in 1891 by Beatrice Webb and was promptly popularized in this country by Sam uel Gompers at the AFL, says a SOth Century fund survey. <* *. Plastics from bituminous coal are now being made into linoleum tor floor coverings. Wonder if they'll be in “striking" /i w}g T ! a - United States was ready to carry out its international obligations and use force to check aggression, the following sentence has been before me: "... the American people, now in the height of their might and majesty, are no longer a sovereign nation.” That sentence is from Nathaniel Peffer’s book, “America’s Place in the World” which the Saturday Re view of Literature calls a “stubborn ly and trenchant discussion.” I agree with that description of the book and believe that what Peffer says is true and that it is vital for Americans to understand why it is true. Peffer says that we have lost our independence and our autonomy “in that which matters most in the life of the nation—peace or war.” And then he shows with his “stubborn realism” how this has come about, how in the beginning (before 1776) America “had no control over its own destiny because it was so weak, now because it is so strong.” And he shows clearly and con vincingly that, no matter how anxious we may be to stay out of foreign broils, any major war in Eu rope or Asia will eventually involve the United States. Our sincere but romantically futile dream of splen did isolation is forever broken. Matt Lose Life To Gain It Many thinkers have pondered over this question. In tracing Amer ica’s international affairs, this au thoritative and provocative writer traces our course through the great crises whose milestones are marked with the dates 1776, 1787, 1861 and 1941. 1917 was the warning that was not heeded. We were drawn into a war then, not of our own making, but we did nothing to shape world affairs which followed and which, inexorably, drew us for the second time into a world conflict in which we had no direct concern. It may seem a far cry from dip lomatic intrigue and the vicissitudes of human hatreds, organized mur der and lust, to the world of the spirit but I could not help thinking as I considered the efforts I wit nessed at Nuernberg of a certain text in the Bible; the words of Jesus as recorded in the gospel of St. Mark (XVIII: 35), “For whosoever shall save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel’s, the same shall save it.” I am well aware of the fact that the devil may quote the Scriptures with the best of us but I do not think one has to be charged with Mephistophelian tactics when one traces a parallel between the loss of our nation’s sovereignty in the sense in which Mr. Peffer expounds it and the loss of our spiritual life in the New Testament sense. It is needless to iterate here that the principles upon which this na tion was founded derive directly from the Christian philosophy. How ever, we have never fully lived up to that philosophy since we still feel it necessary to indulge in that high ly unchristian procedure which I once heard the late Lloyd George de scribe as “organized savagery”— war. War has always been justified as a measure of defense—defense of our citizens, our territory, our sovereignty. We have now lost our sovereignty in that we must be willing to die to save it. Let me replace the word “life” with the word “sovereignty” in the rest of the Biblical text, which would then read: "Whosoever (and that means a nation as well as a person) shall lose his sovereign ty for my sake and the gospel’s, the same shall save it.” Until America and all the nations are willing to sacrifice their sovereignty to a high er, world organization, whose tenets are four-square with the gospel’s in proscripting war, we can never hope to win back a sovereignty in accord with the Christian principles which are the foundation of our na tion. • • • A former American military gov ernment man says our state departs ment and Britain and France are keeping Russia from searching Nazi assets in foreign countries. It seems strange that if Russia has been slighted in any way we haven't heard about it in a loud voice before now. People who deal in black mar kets support the Bill of Rights per haps, but not the Bill of Responsibili ties. • • • I lunched with Marshal Montgom ery and he showed me his necktie. What do the colors mean, I asked. He. replied: Rad tor blood, brown for mud and green for the fields of Normandy after the breakthrough. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD. WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS— U. S. Cracks Down on Russia; British. Loan Called Trade Aid; Modify Emergency Housing Bill |___________ Released by Western Newspaper Union ■ (EDITOR’S NOTE: When eplnlens are expressed In these columns, they ere those of Western Newspaper Union's news analysis and not necessarily of this newspaper.) DIPLOMACY: Crack Down First evidence of a stiffening of U. S. policy toward Russia was con tained in the state department’s warning that this country could not remain indifferent to the Reds’ refusal to withdraw from Iran in accordance with an agreement made in 1942 and reaffirmed at Teheran. Oil-rich, Iran has been prominent in the news since its northwestern province of Azerbajain moved for local self-rule and Russian troops prevented efforts of the central government to quell the revolt. Dur ing negotiations between Russia and Iran fdr withdrawal of Red forces from the country, Moscow was said to have pressed for oil concessions, held exclusively by the U. S. and Britain. While the state department’s note to Russia emphasized that this country could not sit idly by while tri-partite agreements affecting an other nation's sovereignty were bro ken, it urged the Reds to retire to promote the confidence necessary for fostering world peace. Having pressed the Russians on the Iranian situation, the state de partment followed with another pro test to Moscow over the Reds’ loot ing of Japanese industries in Man fehuria and their efforts to set up a joint Russian-Sino economic rule over the province to the exclusion of other nations. BRITISH LOAN: Called Aid Declaring that the alternative to lending financial assistance to Brit ain was a postwar economic dog fight, the administration opened its fight for the 3% billion dollar loan to the United Kingdom with Secre tary of the Treasury Vinson and As sistant Secretary of State Clayton endorsing the advance before the senate banking and currency com mittee. Vinson and Clayton presented parallel testimony to the solons, as serting that if Britain were unable to obtain dollars with which to buy I v • ' K Vinson: Warns of Dog-fight. goods, she would tighten up her ex change regulations and conserve her resources for careful expenditure within a friendly trading bloc. The result would be a return to high tariffs, sanctions and other restric tions which bogged trade prior to World War II and spurred the de velopment of totalitarian economy. Disclosing that the U. S. had turned down a Russian bid for a six billion dollar loan, Vinson told the senators the administration did not contemplate direct loans to oth er nations. However, money will be advanced to foreign countries through the Export-Import bank, set up before the war to stimulate trade and possessing limited loan ing power of 3Mi billion dollars. HOUSING: Emergency Bill Though balking against imposi tion of ceilings on old houses and payment of 600 million dollars in subsidies to building material manu facturers to step up the flow of sup plies, the house approved an emer gency housing bill giving the gov ernment broad powers to speed low cost residential construction. Pushed through by a coalition of Republicans and southern Demo crats, the bill gives Housing Ex pediter Wilson Wyatt independent authority to channel building mate rials into home construction through priorities until June, 1947; set prices for such materials to increase out put, and halt the export of lumber or other scarce supplies. Other provisions of the measure establish preference for war vets in Japan Again Provides Foreip Outlet lor U. S. Cotton The U. S. is starting to regain an important foreign outlet for raw cotton by means of government ex ports to Japan, which took one-fourth of shipments of the staple before the war. Until private trading, now forbidden for security reasons, is again permitted, the only way of regaining the Japanese market is through government charnels. Under the program how getting finder way, Commodity Credit cor ’ •*. r.‘.> t I t. the purchase of new dwellings; in crease the FHA’s resources to in sure mortgages of ex-G.l.s by one i billion dollars, and set ceiling prices on new homes. j BROTHERHOOD: Truman Plea i With former Prime Minister Win ; ston Churchill’s plea for a U. S.- ; British military alliance posing the question of American adoption of t the proposal or continued adherence i to the United Nations Organization • for maintaining world peace, Presi i dent Truman stood by UNO in an [ address before the Federal Council . of Churches in America at Colum [ bus, Ohio. i Though sponsoring Churchill’s [ speech at Fulton, Mo., Mr. Truman apparently intended to await public [ reaction to the proposal before tak ing a position himself. Meanwhile, the President avowed complete sup i port to UNO, declaring that this i country expected to defend it and . work for its perfection along with . the other member nations, i In addressing the 500 delegates, representing 25 million Protestants, Mr. Truman declared that only i through the observance of Christian ■ principles could any mechanism for ■ peace be successful. Extending the thought to domestic affairs, he as ■ serted that only through religious fervor could the country develop a i social program designed to meet the needs of the mass of people. In considering the church’s posi tion in the postwar world, the coun cil unanimously adopted a resolu tion condemning any form of racial segregation. Presenting the resolution, Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin, noted Presbyte rian theologian, rapped church or | ganizations themselves for practic ing discrimination against Negro and other minority groups. Many church - supported hospitals, schools and theological seminaries were guilty of the offense in varying de grees, he said, and some churches themselves refused to hire people on racial or other grounds. DENAZIFICATION: Germans Help To speed the arraignment and trial of between 1,500,000 and 2,000,000 Germans charged with Naziism, U. S. military authorities approved a law promulgated by provincial governments of the American occupation zone providing for prosecution of suspects in local courts. Applicable to the U. S. zone only, the new procedure is expected to al low rapid disposition of pending cases and removal of much of the uncertainty affecting sectional economy. Germans hope that con victed persons might be substituted for war prisoners presently em ployed as forced labor by the Allies. To be tried by anti-Nazi prosecu tors and three-man tribunals, de fendants will be classified into four broad categories, including major offenders, active promoters of Hit lerism, youthful adherents and nominal party members who joined the movement for business or social convenience. While penalties for major offenders and active pro moters include forced labor, confis cation of property and restriction on employment privileges, the other groups would be subject to occupa tional curbs and fines. STRIKE: Crisis Brewing As the CIO-United Automobile Workers strike against General Mo tors proceeded through its fourth month, pressure grew for settlement of the walkout to avert a crisis re sulting from the prolonged idleness of 175,000 production employees. With the union and management remaining one big cent apart from agreement on wages and both sides indicating no inclination to budge, the city of Detroit appealed to President Truman to personally intervene because the strike was seriously impairing the economic life of the community. To provide funds for growing relief applica tions, the city authorized an appro priation of $400,000. Increasing bitterness developed ! between the UAW and G.M. over the company’s refusal to go above ■ its offer of an 18% cent an hour ; wage increase or submit the issue ■ of paying 19% cents to an impar i tial arbitrator. With the UAW con i vention scheduled for March 23 to 31, union spokesmen charged that the company hoped to prolong the strike to create dissatisfaction over present officials and open the way i for their ouster. poration stocks of cotton will be shipped to a Japanese government al agency designated by the su preme commander of the Allied powers in Japan and enough of the textiles manufactured from the cot ton will be accepted to reimburse the (J. S. in full. Establishment of the supply line will take 200,000 bales of CCC cotton within a month, the department of agriculture re ported. Ingrained Tradition 11111ß si§k WJWm' jfpf ■hSEhi jflf Though soon to be shorn of powers under new Jap constitution, Hirohito retains reverence of these Jap repa triates, bowing to the ground upon his entrance to their quarters at Kamoi. JAPAN: New Sun Emerging over the horizon of a defeated Japan, a new sun arose. It spread the hope and aspiration embodied in the new constitution drawn up after five months of de liberations between American and Nipponese officials. Endorsed by General MacArthur, Premier Shidehara and Emperor Hirohito himself, the new constitu tion strips the mikado of all his sov ereign power, provides for the free election of two representative houses and assures freedom of thought, press, religion and speech. Of particular interest was the con stitution’s prohibition of an army, navy, air force and other war facili ties, and the renunciation of the use of force in settlement of internation al problems. In declaring that Japan was willing to become the first na tion to outlaw armaments, Nippon ese spokesmen hoped that the rest of the world would accept the same principle and follow the example. OPA: Ease Price Control Though price controls were re moved from musical instruments and a wide variety of miscellaneous items ranging from ice bowls to bull rings, OPA threatened to restore regulations if retail charges bound ed from reasonable levels. Included in the items freed from price control were such sporting equipment as fishing, archery, ski ing, croquet, bowling, baseball, bas ketball, football, golf and hockey. Though playing uniforms were ex empted, control was maintained over shoes because of their general usefulness. Among the miscellaneous items af fected by the OPA action were low cost kitchen utensils, cowbells, buck ets, coffee servers, unglazed flower pots, safety goggles and industrial clothing designed for protection against hazardous occupations. With supplies adequate, price control was temporarily relinquished over phonograph records, electric lamp bulbs, firearms and ammunition. STEEL: Kaiser Balked World War ll’s outstanding entre peneur, big, burly Henry Kaiser was forced to exercise all of his ingenu ity in procuring sheet steel if he was to go ahead with plans for the production of his postwar autos. Kaiser’s difficulties arose over his inability to obtain sheet steel from major producers, who claimed that supplies were limited and prefer ence was being given to established customers. Only two companies considered shipments, Kaiser inter ests said, but they conditioned their action upon the consent of other firms to deliver material. Boiling over, Kaiser and Joseph W. Frazer, his auto-making associ ate, asked the department of justice to investigate the steel companies’ action, charging impairment of competition. They also called upon the economic stabilization board to allocate available supplies to users. Though Kaiser operates a steel plant at Fontana, Calif., he has no sheet rolling facilities and installation of such equipment at the government owned plant he is thinking of buy ing in Gary, Ind., would cost 25 mil lion dollars. UNEMPLOYMENT: Despite the fact that several hun dred thousand veterans were return ing monthly during the last months of 1945, the rise in unemployment was in no wise as sharp as expect ed, according to the Alexander Hamilton Institute. With 830,000 out of work in August, unemployment has shown a steady, increase since then due primarily to curtailment of war production following V-J Day. Reconversion hais absorbed many of these idle war workers, however, A i i 'HOUfEHDLD HINTJ.J To keep uncooked meat in a re frigerator, place it in a dry dish with a loose-fitting lid; cooked meat should be covered tightly to prevent drying. —• — Prepared mustard and finely chopped sour pickles added to highly seasoned mayonnaise makes a perfect spread for frank furters and hamburgers. —• — Don’t paint over whitewash. Wash off the whitewash with clear water and paint only after wall has dried thoroughly. —• — Gone are the days of gloomy kitchens. Use color to make your kitchen a bright and cheerful place to work. Before you select a color scheme, remember that light-colored, smooth surfaces re flect light. Dark, rough ones ab sorb light. If the kitchen is sunny, use cool colors such as blue, blue green, green, or blue violet. If it is dark and gloomy, it needs the warmth of yellow, yellow-green, orange, yellow - peach, tan or cream. —•— The easiest way to season a plain hot vegetable in addition to salt and pepper is to add meat drippings or melted fat. Add just before serving. —•— On hand-knit or crocheted gloves, leave three or four inches of yarn on the inside of each fin ger. Catch this lightly in place on the wrong side. When gloves begin to show wear, thread end can be used for mending. —• — When boiling rice, add a tea spoon of lemon juice to a quart of water. It will make the rice white and the grains will be separated when it is boiled. Pelicans Cooperate When On a Fishing Expedition The most amazing example of cooperation in the animal world is the fishing expedition of the pel ican, says Collier’s. 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