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Fossils Intrigue Bright D|E]
Young Scientist-Farmer ypKj One of 40 Talented Youth Honored With Trip * | ”SB To Washington; Many Ponder Careers As Atomic Researchists. By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. He knew what a sphygmomanom eter was used for; that a decigram equals 1.5432 grains; and that septicemia and anaphylaxis are dif ferent. Besides that, he collects fos sils enough to fill the farm kitchen at his home near Ellens burg, Wash. That’s why 18-year-old Jim Gibson got a free trip to Wash ington, D. C., where he ate buffalo steak at the zoo; drank tea at the White House; gave congress a criti cal once-over; and listened to Lise Neitner, physics wizard, talk on atomic theory. Jim is one of 40 bright young high school seniors selected as finalists in the fifth annual science talent search, sponsored by Science Serv ice of Washington, with scholarships offered by Westinghouse Electric company. Sixteen thousand scien tific-minded boys and girls, from every section of the country, took competitive examinations on such things as sphygmomanometers and decigrams; wrote essays on “My Scientific Project’’; were inter viewed by leading scientists. Three hundred of them won special recog nition; 260 were given honorable mention; and 40 “finalists,” includ fit James Gibson fng Jim Gibson, came to Washing ton, D. C., to attend the Science Tal ent institute. I met Jim at the banquet which wound up the hectic weekend of interviews and sightseeing tours, and asked him how he’d hap pened to start collecting fossils in stead of stamps, birds’ eggs, or matchbox covers. Jim, a ruddy, rumpled, serge-suited farm boy, scoffed at stamps as “dull.” Fos sils aren’t. One Fossil 20,000 Years Old Why, just this year, he was nos ing around some cliffs in his part of the state of Washington, and he came upon an interesting rock. That is, it would look like a rock to you and me. Jim saw something em bedded in it. Maybe a bone. He and his fossil-minded companion hacked out the rock, and with considerable effort, lugged it into their car. It weighed 120 pounds. At home, Jim “liberated” what he had seen em bedded in the rock. A small piece of wood. He took it to a scientific professor friend of his, and learned that what he had found was a 20,000-year-old fossil. Jim was as excited as if somebody had present ed him with a brand-new 1946 model automobile. The serious, brown-eyed young ster tosses decades and centuries around with great ease. Over the mushroom soup, he dug around in his crowded pockets and produced an odd-looking object. • “See this?” he asked. “Um,” I said. Another piece of rock. “It’s a shark’s tooth,” Jim ex plained. “It’s eight million years old. Dr. Foshag of the Smithsonian Institution gave it to me.” I hurriedly rolled the conversa tional ball back to 1946. “What does your family think of your fossils.” I wanted to know. Well, it turns out that Jim, and his father, a dairy farmer, “batch it. Mr. Gibson has no objections to j BARBS • • • by Baukhage What use is a ceiling on butter when cream can rise as high as it [wants to? Naturally it will seek reversing gravity—the highest lev els, including ice cream. • • The black market in America ap pears about as easy to handle as the bootlegger of prohibition days . . and the bootlegger is waiting in the wings too. fossils under the bed so long as they don’t interfere with Jim’s cooking. Yes, Jim does most of the cooking, but he’s deprecatory on this score, saying his culinary exploits depend largely on a can-opener. Likes Collector Of Brains Girls? Well, to appeal to Jim, they’d have to be as smart as Lise Neitner. The little gray-haired femi nine scientist whose research led di rectly to the development of the atomic bomb, impressed him most of anything or anybody he saw in Washington, with the exception of the cyclotron at the bureau of stand ards. However, there was one girl he met at the Science Talent insti tute who he admitted was “interest ing.” She collected brains. He knows all about running a farm and he keeps bees as part of his 4-H club work, but Jim Gibson isn’t keen about farming as a liv ing. He prefers fossils. And he’s casting a speculative eye on the field of nuclear physics ... as are well over half of the scientific minded youngsters who came to Washington this year. Incidentally, at the same banquet, Science Service Director Watson Davis mentioned a few “firsts” this fifth group of young scientists had chalked up. They ate broiled buf falo steak without a qualm after viewing the live variety at the Washington zoo; they prepared a “talk back” report of their opinions on the atomic energy and Kilgore bills to be submitted to congression al committees . . . and among the group was one Missourian, said Mr. Davis . . . the first Missourian, he added, who had ever gone into the White House and had not come out with a federal appointment. * * * There is a strange paradox in con gress and it may cost the Demo crats the pro-tem presidency of the senate. It’s the exact reverse of the “unholy alliance” of today—the coalition between the southern Democrats and the northern Repub licans—and this is the way some of the crystal-gazers on Capitol Hill ex pound it: There have been no real issues be fore the country over which the voters could tear their hearts asun der. But there have been some bit ter ones within congress and among the Democrats in the senate espe cially, which have caused incendi ary intramural political friction. Senator McKellar, Democrat of Tennessee, has been, in the eyes of some of his more progressive col leagues, a brake on the wheels of what they consider their progress. Senator McKellar has sturdily and steadily bucked administration legislation, not merely the Fair Employment Practices bill, but other measures which the “lib eral” element on both sides of the aisle have supported. Nobody denies that after the next election the Re publicans are going to get some of those 17 seats in northern and west ern constituencies away from their Democratic opponents. They may get enough of'them so the parties will be at least more evenly bal anced even in the opinion of the more conservative prognosticators. That is half of the. proposition. The other half is the growing wrath of some of the liberals on the Demo cratic side who are very sore at McKellar for deserting the party line. It is not out of the picture that enough of these liberals will be will ing to kick over the traces and vote for a Republican president pro-tem or at least vote against McKellar and thus produce the strange but possible phenomenon of a represent ative of the minority party presid ing over the senate. This is not a prediction, but it is the presentation of a paradoxi cal possibility, granted the trend of the times becomes the course of to morrow. • * • The FCC must decide whether the new telephone recorder destroys the telephone’s privacy. It might keep people from wasting telephone time, and think of all the things you wouldn’t say if you knew they were going to be on the record! For one thing, it might make people more sympathetic toward radio commen tators. USO Pres. Lindsay Kimball says Americans move from vast enthusi asm to complete indifference. That’s certainly true. Remember monopoly, Coue, mah-jong, minia ture golf? • * • Practically every woman In America is pursuing polyamide products, these days. Polyamide is what nylon stockings are made of. MIDLAND JOURNAL. RISING SUN. MD I WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Conservative Bloc Fights OP A; G. M. Strike Settlement Spur to All-Out Automobile Production I Releaied by Western Newspaper Union. (EDITOR’S NOTE: When opinions are expressed In these columns, they are those of Western Newspaper Union’s news analysts and not necessarily of this newspaper.) CONGRESS: Conservative Coalition i Having first shown its strength in passage of the Case anti-strike bill, a coalition of southern Democrats and Republicans is being organized in congress to loosen government regulation over the nation’s econ omy. Led by Representative Hartley (Rep., N. J.), 100 congressmen al ready have joined the coalition, with a strategy committee composed of Hartley himself, Crawford (Rep., Mich.), Smith (Dem., Va.), Barden (Dem., N. C.), Camp (Dem., Ga.), Roe (Dem., Md.), Jenkins (Rep., Ohio), Buffet (Rep., Neb.), Pace (Dem., Ga.) and Sundstrom (Rep., N. J.). Though the coalition strategy calls for an attack on OPA pricing regu lations such as requiring sellers to absorb part of increased costs of production and distribution, the group will seek modification rather than outright abolition of the agency. Support would be given to a one year extension of OPA. Senator Wherry (Rep., Neb.) was to head the coalition in the senate, where support may be slower in de veloping because of the need for members to canvass their positions more accurately in view of their wider constituencies. Reflecting this more cautious approach, the senate greatly watered the strin gent Case bill which restricted la bor activities. WAR CRIMES: Hermann Brags Attired in a baggy uniform with a red scarf tied around his neck, Hermann Goering showed all of his old cockiness in being the first of the Nazi war criminals to testify in his behalf in the historic Nuernberg trials. With a noose staring him in the face, the rumpled former Reich air marshall proudly boasted that he had been Hitler’s right-hand man and striven mightily to strengthen the national Socialist party rule “to i , -v * Hermann Goering on stand. make Germany free.” Though the Nazis had come into power through free elections, he said, every effort was made to retain their leadership even to the elimination of all politi cal opposition. In recounting the notorious blood purge of 1933, Goering claimed that Gen. Kurt von Schleicher and Gen. Curt von Hammerstein-Equord had sought to overthrow Hitler shortly before the installation of his first cabinet. In a quick Nazi counter move, the putsch was crushed and von Schleicher murdered. FOREIGN AFFAIRS: Russ on Spot Russia was put on her honor by high American and British officials in the midst of reports that re inforced Red armies were fanning over northern and western Iran and threatening Turkey and Iraq. In Washington, D. C., President Truman openly expressed confi dence that the U. S. and Russia could resolve their difficulties aris ing over Iran and the Reds strip ping of Manchurian industry through diplomatic procedure. At the time Mr. Truman spoke, Russia’s only answer to the state department’s protest over continued Red occupa tion of Iran in violation of a tripar tite agreement was an unofficial Moscow radio broadcast that reports of Russian troop movements in Iran were inaccurate. Coincident with President Tru man’s expression of belief in Rus sia, Foreign Minister Bevin of Great Britain stressed premier Stalin had World Hog Numbers Show Big Drop Showing a sharp decrease of 5,000,000 head, world hog numbers dropped to 244,000,000 at the start of 1946 in comparison with the year previous. Reductions in central Eu rope, Canada and Argentina were offset only partially by moderate in creases in the U. S., France and the Soviet Union, and small increases in other countries. Because of the critical world shortage of grains, further decline unequivocally assured his major war allies that the Reds would respect Iranian territorial integrity in ac cordance with tri-partite agree ments. Foreign Commissar Molotov reiterated Russia’s intention to pull out of Iran during the London con ference of foreign ministers, Bevin added. Behind the political tension, re ports persisted that the Reds were exerting the strongest pressure on Iran for oil concessions in the north. The British have extensive petro leum holdings in the’south as well as in neighboring Iraq, where a na tive movement for self-rule backed by the Reds is feared. LABOR: Auto Wages Emerging haggard and bewhisk ered from the conference room after 17 hours of continuous negotiation between CIO - United Automobile Workers and General Motors offi cials, UAW Pres. R. J. Thomas muttered: “Considering everything, I think we’ve got a pretty good contract.” Settled after a bitter 113-day strike, the pact did provide substan tial wage and other concessions to the union, though falling short of UAW goals. Despite the long-drawn bickering, the company granted only 18% cents an hour instead of the 19y 2 cents demanded, and the average G. M. wage was set at from $1.12 to $1.30% cents an hour, still below the Ford and Chrysler pay rates. By obtaining important conces sions from the company, however, UAW officials claimed that the total financial gain would exceed the 19% cents an hour sought. Gains in cluded adjustment of inequalities in wage rates in certain plants, im proved vacation pay up to 4% per cent of gross income of employees of five years or more, double time for the seventh consecutive day on the job, and equal compensation for women. In winning substantial pay con cessions for the future, the strikers paid a heavy price in lost wages of between 138 million and 150 mil lion dollars. The company was estimated to have dropped 600 mil lion dollars in unfilled orders while distributors lost 150 million dollars in sales commissions. Production Prospects With the settlement of the G. M. strike, the auto industry hoped to clear the decks for all-out produc tion to meet the tremendous pent up demand for new cars. Because many parts suppliers still have to negotiate wage demands, however, the threat to full-scale output re mained. In any event, the auto industry will be unable to meet the goal of six million cars set for 1946. With reasonably clear sailing, it is ex pected that three million passenger vehicles will be turned out during the remainder of the year. Indicative of the high gear into which the industry must be thrown to meet production goals, Ford has assembled only 76,000 cars thus far: Chrysler, 53,000; General Motors, under 100,000; Willys-Overland, 62,- 000; Studebaker, 38,000; Nash, 11,- 000, and Hudson, 4,000. Other Strikes Despite settlement of the Gener al Motors strike and the agree ment between General Electric and the CIO - United Electrical Work ers, strikes continued to cloud the postwar economic picture, with the dispute between International Har vester and the CIO-Farm Equip ment Workers the most serious. With International Harvester and the union deadlocked over the com pany’s proposal that an 18 cent wage raise be conditioned upon gov ernment grant of an offsetting price increase, Secretary of Agriculture Anderson called upon management and labor to co-operate in the pro duction of vitally needed equipment to meet the big crop goals. Unless farmers are able to step up the out put, he said, this country will be un able to furnish sufficient food to avert mass starvation abroad. Termination of the General Elec tric strike, with an 18% cent an hour wage raise bringing average weekly earnings to approximately $42, opened the way toward large scale production of home appli ances. Previously, General Motors’ electrical division had made peace with the CIO union on the same terms. in hog numbers outside the U. S. is forecast in 1946 despite a de mand for meat well above the sup ply. Canadian hog numbers continue to decline and at the beginning of 1946 showed a drop of 1.8 million head below the year before, or 38 per cent below 1944, while in the U. S. they rose 4 per cent, thus recuperat ing part of the loss shown on Janu ary 1, 1945, compared with 1944. POLITICS: Bad Mixture Though stubbornly fighting to the last, Big Ed Pauley finally conceded that oil and politics don’t mix, ask ing for withdrawal of his nomina tion as undersecretary of the navy despite President Truman’s deter mined support in the face of strong congressional opposition. A millionaire California oil-man and former treasurer of the Demo cratic party, Pauley faced rough go ing from the start, with astute politi cal observers terming the nomina tion of any petroleum operator for J a navy job a blunder in view of past scandals over navy oil. Edwin W. Pauley (seated) reads missive from President as broth er Harold looks on. Whatever hopes Pauley nourished for confirmation were rudely shaken with former Interior Secre tary Ickes’ testimony that he had told him that $300,000 could be raised from oil men for the 1944 Demo cratic campaign if the government would withdraw its suit for title over underwater petroleum deposits in California. In asking the President to with draw his nomination, which was done, Pauley declared that he had been cleared of all charges against him. Commending him for retiring from the fight, Democratic mem bers of the senate naval affairs com mittee upheld his personal integ rity. CONSCRIPTION: Prospects Brighten Because of the precarious inter national situation aggravated by Russian moves in the east, congres sional support grew for extension of the selective service act beyond May 15. With war department officials calling for maintenance of military strength in the face of unsettled world conditions, it was revealed that plans called for an army of 1,500,000 officers and men by July, 1946, and 1,000,000 by July, 1947. Pending determination of the aims, policies and programs of other na tions, and the efficiency of the UNO in resolving disputes, no decision can be made about the permanent size of the armed forces, it was said. General Eisenhower declared that one of the principal arguments for the retention of selective service was that it acts as a spur for volun tary enlistments. With volunteers permitted to specify what branch of service they prefer, many young men act to pick their spots before being drafted and made subject to compulsory placement. In five months, 600,017 volunteers enlist ed, with 67.07 per cent being World War II vets, 18.7 per cent recruits and 14.23 per cent pre-Pearl Harbor enrollees. WORLD RELIEF: Sharing Burden Assuming the honorary chairman ship of the government’s emergency famine committee, former Pres. Herbert Hoover called upon South American nations to join with their Big Brother of the north in con serving cereals for feeding of the hungry in war stricken Europe and Asia. Prior to leaving for a first-hand survey of overseas conditions, Hoover told a news conference that he believed both North and South America could save upwards of 7 million tons ef cereals during the next 120 days to help fill a need for about 9 million tons. The year’s re quirements will total 21 million tons, he said, but only 12 million tons will be available without the under taking of broad conservation meas ures. i Of the total of 7 million tons that the western hemisphere could fur nish within the next four months, South America could contribute 5 million tons, Hoover said. This amount could be made available by cutting down purchases of foreign goods requiring payment in grain; reducing consumption, and turning over all surpluses to famine threat ened areas. MILK: Per capita consumption of milk and cream jumped to 442 pounds in 1945, the highest total ever reached, and 102 pounds more than the per capita consumption in the five year period from 1935-39, government fig ures show. Translated into housewife’s terms, these figures meant that an aver age of about 206 quarts of milk in 1945, almost four quarts a week, was consumed for each man, wom an and child in the nation, in the form of milk and cream. CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT MISCELLANEOUS CO-OPERATIVE COLON V in California. Membership now open. Quarter brings booklet. RECIPROCAL FOUNDATION* Box 9757 Los Fell*. Los Angeles 27, Calif. YOUR NAME In silver on 100 match-books, $1.25 RROOKSIDE PRESS. ANTRIM, N. H. ORDER YOUR BOAT NOW Dandee 8' and 12' rowboats, 16' inboard motor boat. Boreland Boat C+mpany, Inc., Dept. W, 250 W. 57th Street. N. Y. 1 ROWBOATS—New, 1946 model; buy from a reliable dealer; 14 ft., painted, all screw construction of choice lumber, complete with bait-box, oar locks, $97.50. Ward's Boat Service, Inc., Lake Hopatcong, N. J. SEEDS, PLANTS, ETC. FOR SALE—Blight Resistant Chinese Chestnut Trees. Superior strain, young bearing large size nuts; stock carefully dug. Well rooted. Ask for prices. A. TOMS NURSERY. Port Deposit, Mi. Buy U.S. Savings Bonds! WHEN CONSTIPATION^makes you feel punk as the dickens, brings on stomach upset, sour taste, gassy discomfort, take Dr. Caldwell’s famous medicin. to quickly pull the trigger on lazy “in nards” and help you feel bright and chipper again. DR. CALDWELL’S is the wonderful sen na laxative contained in good old Syrnp Pepsin to make it so easy to take. MANY DOCTORS use pepsin prepara tions in prescriptions to make the medi cine more palatable and agreeable to take. So be sure your laxative is con tained in Syrup Pepsin. INSIST ON DR. CALDWELL'S—the fa vorite of millions for 50 years, and feel that wholesome relief from constipa tion. Even finicky children love it. CAUTION: Use only as directed. DLCiItWEITS SENNA LAXATIVE CONTAINED IN SYRUP PEPSIN A favorite household antiseptic dress ing and liniment for 98 years—Hanford’s BALSAM OF MYRRHI It contains soothing gums to relieve the soreness and ache of over-used and strained muscles. Takes the sting and itch out of burns, scalds, ; nsect bites, oak and ivy poison ing, w?nd and sun burn, chafing and chapped skin. Its antiseptic action less ens tha danger of infection whenever the •Lin is cut or broken. Keep a bottle handy for the minor casualties of kitchen and nursery. At your druggist—trial size bottle 35& household size 651; economy size $1.25. a C. HANFORD MFQ. CO., Syracuse, N. Y. Sole makers of ™ : .. /. mm . W One of the best home ways to euiio up REO BIOOD If you lack BLOOD-IRON You girls and women who suffer so from simple anemia that you're pale, weak, “dragged out”—this may be due to lack of blood-iron. So try Lydia B. Plnkham’s TABLETS—one of the best home ways to build up red blood—ln such cases. Plnkham’s Tablets are one of the greatest blood-iron tonics you can buy I At all drugstores. WNU—4 13—46 VlTHENFunctional Nervous Dis- VV turbances such as Sleepless ness, Crankiness, Excitability, Restlessness or Nervous Headache interfere with your work or spoil your good times, take Miles Nervine (liquid or Effervescent Tablets) Nervous Tension can make you Wakeful, Jittery, Irritable. Ner vous Tension can cause Nervous Headache and Nervous Indiges tion. In times like these, we are more likely than usual to become over wrought and nervous and to wish for a good sedative. Miles Nervine is a good sedative —mild but effective. If you do not use Miles Nervine you can’t know what it will do for you. It comes in Liquid and Effervescent Tablet form, both equally soothing to tense and over-wrought nerves. WHY DONT YOU TRY IT? Get it at your drug store, Efferves cent tablets 55c and 75c, Liquid 25c and SI.OO. CAUTION—Use only as directed.