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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL PUBLISHED ETERI FRIDAY HORNING BT ewinq bros. ft U M in CBOn COUNTY MARYLAND j,!,, ,fl M saeocd Class Mattsr at Port Office In Klein* Sun, Maryland Under Act ot Congress of March t, 1171 , nDIFHDENT IN POLITIC* AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONE YEAR, IN ADVANCE • ■ ’ • sl.S* SIX MONTHS - - - - SI.OO THREE MONTHS • . . . • AO SINGLE COPY, S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION J 11 FRIDAY, MAY 3, l 4 SPRING TIME IS PREVENTION TTIME Recent presentation by the Nation al Board of Fire Underwriters of the Gold Medal Awards, offered annually for outstanding public service in fire prevention to a Chicago radio station and the Burlington, lowa, Hawk-Eye Gazette, serves to stress the growing need of fire prevention. Fire losses are near an all-time high, reaching more than 1455,000,000 in 1945. At this time of year fire preven tion goes hand in hand with “spring cleaning.” Spring is clean up time. And there is no better placee to start than in your own home. From base ment to attic the refuse has been gathering during all the long winter months. Closets too, in many homes are stuffed with junk—inflammable junk. Now is the time, in the first warmth of the new season, to spend a few hours putting things in order. It takes but little time, and a small bonfire in the back yard may save a larger one in the deadly confines of closet or cellar at a later date. Another point that should not be overlooked in these days of soaring prices, is the adequacy of fire insur ance policies. Checking policies should be part ot-the spring clean-up. A policy based on values of ten years ago will be found to be sadly out dated. The insurrance industry is do ing everything possible to awaken policyholders to the danger. In fact, one representative of the industry says, “It is the duty of everyone in the insurance business to try and see that every policyholder .has facts that will enable him to form a sound judgment on the adequacy or inade quacy of his protection.” So remember —spring is here and so is inflation. Clean up your prem ises and investigate your insurance protection. . - o— ■ BUSINESS TAX FOR EDUCATION It will be recalled that the United States Chamber of Commerce early in 1945 completed a report delving into the subject of the relation between eco-nomic status and education levels of the people of this country. This spring, the Chairman of the Committee on Education of the Uni ted States Chamber of Commerce, Thomas C. Boushall, of Richmond, Va., has offered a financing plan for public schools which he believes would lift the tax burden from real estate and place it on the group that so obviously benefits from fine educa tion—the business of the country. His plan was presented to the re gional conference of the American Association of School Administrators early in March in New York City. He points out his proposal is his and not that of the Chamber of Commerce, but that it is related to the findings of the Chamber. Business benefits when schools are improved because the cultural needs of the people increase, consumer goods are demanded in greater quan tity and better quality and so em ployment is increased and business reap sbenefits. As automobile gaso line users pay in taxes the cost of roads, so businessmen should pay in taxes the cost of education, which “commodity” so very much proves advantageous to the businessmen. This proposal provides for the levy of a tax on businessmen according to the number of employees they have. He would take the total sum a given state requires for currently needed additional school plant equipment and for salaries and then divide into this amount the number of employed persons in that state. This will give a per capita number of dollars per employee. The employer will pay this per capita rate for each of his employ ees, per annum, as an additional use tax. This would of course place heavier costs in city areas, but would equalize rural and city education standards, he says. ■ COSTLY LOAFING The magazine Newsweek of April 8 published the following brief item: "In February, the Labor Depart ment reported strikes lost the na tion 21,500,000 mandays of work. At $1 an hour, the level of average houTly wages, the department found in its last survey, February strikes cost the workers $172,000,000. In February, 1929, strikes took only 156,000 man days. At 56.6 cents an hour, the 1929 yearly average, they cost $706,368. In February, 1939, strikes took 533,000 man-days. At the 1939 yearly average of 63.3 cents an hour, they cost $2,800,392.” Mayor O’Dwyer tells New York skaters they will get back their rink after the U. N. session. Security Coun cil found the ice too thin. UNITED FOSTER HOME CAMPAIGN For several weeks a 3-year-old Baltimore boy named Tommy has been in a hospital bed —not because he is sick, but because he has no home. According to Judge Joseph Sherbow, chairman of the United Foster Home Campaign, Tommy was brought to a police station last month by a neighbor who said that the boy’s mother had left him with her and had not come back for him. It was later learned that Tommy’s father was killed in the Battle of the Belgian Bulge, and that his mother is an emotionally unstable young woman, just 21 years old. “There is nothing wrong with Tommy that a good foster home won’t correct,” assured Judge Sher bow, “and because there are so many hundreds of boys and girls just like Tommy who are still in need of homes, the end of the Foster Home Campaign is not in sight. Our work will not be finished until the doors of someone’s home are opened wide to the very last one of these unfortun ate children on our lists.” Judge Sherbow revealed that many letters are coming to campaign head quarters from other states along the East Coast. He said, “The people of Maryland must be made to realize that we cannot send these homeless youngsters out of the State. What we want are more calls from Mary landers who are willing to offer the protection of their homes.” The Foster Home Campaign open ed in Baltimore City, Blatimore, Howard and Anne Arundel counties on March 24th. Persons interested in information concerning the program should contact the United Foster Home Campaign Headquarters, 400 : Cathedral Street, Lexington 4818. URGED TO PLANT GARDENS The Victory gardeners who labored i so valiantly during the war years are i now being summoned by the Famine i Emergency Committee, appointed by i President Truman, to plant gardens > to relieve the desperate international food shortage. ! The home gardens of 1946 are Vic tory Gardens in a literal sense, de , dares Gilbert A. Moore, chairman of , the Baltimore Victory Garden Cont ■ mittee. for they will be a vital factor i in bringing victory in a world battle i against hunger. A hungry world can . never be a peaceful world, and the Victory gardener is making an essen tial contribution toward securing • World peace. i The Baltimore Victory Garden i Committee, of which Mr. Moore is i chairman, is a sub-committee of the . Baltimore Famine Emergency Com , mittee. which is under the chairman i ship of Gerald S. Wise. Mr. Wise states that by grirving foods at home, i we can release wheat and fats for > shipment overseas to those starving ■ millions who must have this food if ■ they are to survive, and at the same time we make it possible for our own i families to maintain a balanced and - appetizing diet. ! Produce grown in your own gar i den has a flavor superior to any foods i you can buy, in addition to being i very high in vitamin content. Home gardening also provides the whole ' family with a pleasant recreation i and healthful exercise. Victory gardens are an urgent ne i cessity this year, and there must be l no delay, Mr. Moore points out, for . the basic crops for home gardens ' must be planted within the next six i weeks. There is a double value in a i garden this year—you. help yourself, • and help others who are in dire need i of food. Gardeners are urged to plan their i gardens to produce enough to con serve substantial quantities for win ter use. “Grow What You Can, Can What You Grow.” A HUNGRY WORLD Herbert Hoover has told the World that one-fourth of the entire popua tion on this globe faces the sinister menace of hunger. Mr. Hoover re • cently expressed the opinion that the . crisis would pass when this year’s ! crops were harvested this year. But there are others who are crowding i our own Government in Washington to extend rationing and the shipping of foodstuffs until the latter part of 1947. We may quarrel, fuss and disagree but the American people will meet their responsibilities as long as the need exists for shipping food to for eign lands. Congress seems in a mood to merge the armed forces, a job in which ex-Wacs and ex-Waves have been setting a good precedent. / , THE MTOLAN© JOURNAL. FftflJAf, MAY 8, 1940 • r l' '.*** • CLAIRVOYANT POLITICIANS By J. R. Jones Washington, D. C., April 29, 1946 —Our columnists, editors, political slaves, radio spielers, and wishful thinkers seemed to observe the first anniversary of Mr. Truman as Presi dent by echoing the “belief” that “everything is going all right. . . .no one need worry about the future of America or any other Nation” —plus a sort of general acclaim that "they will live happily ever after.” The Communistic challenges of the Soviet must not be approved. The cock-eyed notions that new ways of making a living in the United States without working will have to be dumped into the sewer. “We. the people" need to return to defense of the Republican and Democratic systems of Government, and to recognition of the legitimate rights of “labor and capital.” In short, the clairvoyants have bad their day, and the “future of America” is unsafe in their hands. America is still the land of unlimited opportunities— but Americans will have to get back to the old ways described as life, lib erty and happiness. In other words, it’s high time to stop blowing soap bubbles, and chasing around after clairvoyant politicians. ** * Efforts To Rule The Farmers Farm credit can be made an in strument to be used “as a big stick” in the opinion of Representative Gil lie of Indiana. And it may be used for still more disastrous purposes accord ing to the Congressman, who has ex pressed his fear that there exists so much politics in the Agricultural De partment that there is a drift toward socialization of agriculture. Repre sentative Hope of Kansas, is of the opinion that the Department of Agri culture wants to “use the coercive in fluence of agriculture credit to line up farmers on farm programs.” Looking backward a dozen years it is easy to recall the revolutionary Government measures when little pigs were killed by hundreds of thou sands under the pretense that it was helpful to the farmers. Agriculture credit was inflationary, to a large degree, under Henry Wal lace. Perhaps there is a hangover that brought the lower House of Congress into the picture in passing a bill by a vote of 239 to 80 to take the various lending agencies out of the Department of Agriculture. That was not a partisan measure —not by a long shot —because the Chairman of the Committee that wrote it was Democrat Representa tive J. W. Flannegan of Virginia. It remained for Representative Reece of Tennesee to reverse the gen eral understanding of political liber als. He declared: “Todlay in the Uni ted States the true 'Liberal’ is the man who fights encroachment by the Federal Government upon the free dom of its citizens.” There is a little nugget of liberal, truthful and sound reasoning—we need more of them in Congress. ** * * Jiuotr They Rest In Peace To tens of thousands of American families., during the war years, came telegrams from the War Department, “We deeply regret to inform you. The shock of the loss of a loved one was soon followed by the realiza tion that many thousand miles sepa ratedl the family from the burial place on foreign soil. The memories which the families held so dear were haunted by the bewilderment con cerning the final resting place and the care of the grave which could be neither viewed nor decorated be cause of distance. Co-operating with the Memorial Division of the Quarter Master Corps, the American Legion has acted as a haven to those who seek comfort in obtaining information relating to the final resting place of our war dead. Each day into the Graves Registra tion Division of the Legion come re quests from mothers, wives and fam ilies, , , letters asking, “where is he buried?'’, , , , “Was my son given the last rights?”, , , , , “was a chaplain of my son’s faith present?” To these troubled families goes a personal let ter of sympathy and all the vital in formation obtainable. Because most of the families will never be able to visit the army cemetery, a picture goes with the letter. The picture of that sacred ground which is a part of America even though it be surround ed by foreign soij, the final resting place of America’s war dead. Hundreds of thousands of dollars have been set aside in a trust fund by the American Legion which is used exclusively for the decoration of graves overseas. This assurance to the families that the row on row of white crosses and Stars of David will never be negleccted or forgoten is a fulfillment of the Legion's pledge to consecrate and sanctify their devo tion to thejr fallen comrades. In the field of public safety, The Keystone Automobile Club distribu ted to the schools many thousands of large safety posters and other forms of visual safety promotional material. The work of the Safety Department, including the training of new Safety Patrol members, was greatly strength ened through the cooperation of State and local police in this and ad joining states. Reflecting the growing obsole scence of motor vehicles, the Emer gency Road Department of the Key tsone Automobile Club handled 89,- 544 calls for help on the road in 1945 —an increase of 60 per cent over the number in 1944. Jk o Well of a crocodile god is discover ed in Egypt. In those lays the croco dile used to shed tears. PROGRAM FOR FAMINE RELIEF Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson has announced six actions designed to speed up and Increase shipment of food grains urgently needed to avert famine abroad. “These measures,” he said, are taken after consultation with the Govern ments of Canada and the United Kingdom, in which it was indicated that they would work with this na tion toward the two common objec tives of incerasing total relief ship ments of grain promptly and giving priority to areas abroad mosl urgent ly in need of special aid.” The six measures follow: 1. Millers are required to reduce their production of flour for domestic consumption to 75% of the quantity distributed domestically in the cor responding months of 1945, under an amendment to War Food Order 144 issued recently by the Department of Agriculture. In addition to making more wheat available for export, the order is designed to bring about more equitable distribution of wheat among millers. Wheat milled in ex cess of that permitted for domestic distribution is to be made available for famine relief shipment. This or der became effective at 12:01 a. m. Monday, April 22, and will cover the period! through June 30, 1946. 2. Under the amendment to War ’ Food Order 144, and effective on the same date, food manufacturers are ' required to limit the use of wheat in the manufacture of products for do ' mestic human consumption to 75% of the quantity used in the corres ponding months of 1945. 3. Effective May 1 millers and food manufacturers are limited to 21 days inventory of wheat. After that daft* 1 no miller or food manufacturer may ' use wheat unless quantities of wheat ' or flour equivalent in excess of this 1 amount are offered to the Commodity Credit Corporation for export. 4. The Department of Agriculture is offering a bonus of 30 cents a bu ! shel on wheat delivered under tic ' certificate plan by May 25. To be eli -1 gible for this bonus a producer must select a date for payment between the date of delivery and June 15, 1946. ’ The wheat certificate plan, for nor mal operation without consideration of the bonus provision, permits iin ■ mediate delivery of wheat by the pro ' ducer with the privilege of selecting any date for payment between the date of deliveyr and March 31, 1947. ! 5. The Department of Agriculture ! will alsr. buy 50 million bushels of - corn from producers, according to ‘ Mr. Blandford, for which tl:ey will be paid a bonus of 30 cents a bushel ! above the market price on the date of " delivery for corn sold to the Commo ' dity Credit Corporation. Corn will ' be purchased through normal trade ' channels, with the local elevator act -3 ting as purchasing agent for the CCC. 6, The Department of Agriculture 3 is offering to buy an unlimited * amount of oatmeal from millers in 1 the Un'ted States to make available aditidonal food for relief purposes. Whole oats also will be purchased for relief shipment. 1 “These measures,” Secretary An -3 derson said, “have been taken only ; out of dire necessity to meet urgent relief needs. We are faced with a sit l uation in which every additional bu ' shel of grain that can be saved in this ‘ country will save additional lives * abroad. 3 “These measures are not a substi -3 tute for voluntary conservation ef " forts. They will help to reach our ob -1 jectives but there will be continued 3 need for every bit of saving that can " be accomplished by every person in this country, especially savings of 1 cereal grains and grain products. We > expect to accomplish two results with 1 the wheat and corn bonus payments 1 —to make more grain available for 3 food purposes immediately and to en courage the farmers in the surplus ' corn producing states to market more * corn and stop feeding livestock to ‘ heavy weights. 3 “The program for the purchase of 3 oatmeal and whole oats will help to 1 increase food supplies for the hungry 3 nations abroad. This country has a " record supply of oats. Nations receiv ‘ ing relief supplies will 'use more oat -1 meal and oats in order to stretch the 3 wheat supply.” 3 O f Removal of war-time motoring re- strictions in the latter part of last " year gave tremendous impetus to the 5 demand for travel information and assistance. More than 287,000 indi -3 vidual requests for personalized rout ’ ings, maps and related travel mater -1 iai were handled by the Keystone f Automobile Club’s staff of touring 3 counsellors in Pennsylvania, New f Jersey, Maryland and the District of 1 Columbia, l o 3 U. 8, REGULAR ARMY ENLISTMENTS Capt. M. C. Maras, U. S. Army Re , cruiting Officer, McLane Bldg., Elk ' tou, Md. announced the following re f cent enlistments in the Regular i Army: Glen Allen Hinkle, RFD 2, Rising Sun, and James F. Way, Lib erty Grove, | Both of these young men enlisted l in order to take advantage of the f opportunities and benefits open to young men who enlist now. Nineteen other young men from Cecil, Harford and Kent counties . also recently enlisted. All interested young men, 17 to 34 . years of age, are cordially invited to . visit Capt. Maras for information at , the Recruiting Station, McLane, . Bldg., Elkton. -"■O ■ ■ - British housewives are to be given * permission to import maids. Just an . empire version of our importation of kousewlYM. I EVERYBODY’S BUSINESS! Cossip over a back fence is everybody’s business!... And, in quite another way, your electric company, too, is everybody's business! It belongs to you—to the man next door and the woman across the street to the people who rub shoulders with you in shops and trains and buses. All types and kinds of folks are on our stockholder list housewives, farmers, merchants, teachers, doctors, nurses. They’re the direct owners. And there are countless indirect owners. Even if you don’t own a share of our stock yourself, you probably have a stake in this company through your life insurance policy or savings account. Why? Because banks and insurance companies who handle your savings must invest those funds wisely. Next to War Bonds, one of their largest investments is public utility securities. They know that sound business management has made cheap, dependable electric power a basic part of the American way of life. So, whether you realize it or not your electric light and power company is not just our business it’s your business. • Hear NELSON EDDY In 'THE ELECTRIC HOUR" with Robert Armbrutfer't Orchestra. Every Sunday afternoon, 4:30, EST, CBS Network . CONOWINGO POWER COMPANY NEW ALCOHOLICS More than one out of every nin, perosns committed to the nation’s in sane asylums in the ten years, 1934 1943, latest period for which such statistics are available, were “new alcoholics,” Mrs. D. Leigh Colvin, president of the National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, declar ed at Evanston, 111. Speaking before a seminar of na tional and state WCTU officers held at Evanston, Mrs. Colvin said that this startling part of alcoholism in the nation’s growing mental problem is shown by the annual reports of the Buerau of Census on patients in mental institutions which, incidental ly, covers the decade since repeal. “The Census Biureau reports re veal,” Mrs. Colvin added, “that a total of 1,087,201 persons, including new and re-admissions, were commit ted to state, veterans’, city and coun ty and private mental institutions in the ten years, and that 119,911 of these were first-admission alcoholics, with or without psychosis. “In addition to the 119,911 new alcoholic cases, which averaged near ly 12,000 per year, re-admissions of alcoholics who ‘relapsed’ after being treated previously, averaged about 3,500 per year, equal to about 30 per cent of the new mental victims of drink. “This means that alcoholism, as such, has become one of the major mental porblems of our day. It ranks first among cases without psychosis for confinement to asylums. “It is the sixth leading cause of ad missions with psychosis, only demen tia praecox, manic-depravity, cere bral arteriosclerosis, convlusive dis orders and general paresis (syphilis) outranking it in this category. “There are no statistics showing to just what extent drinking contributes to many other conditions creating mental disorders. Every doctor knows that it is a ‘handmaiden’ of sex recklessness playing a major part in the spread of syphilis and other ailments affecting the brain and ner vous system. “Should one be asked: ‘Has alco holism increased since prohibition?’ The answer is: ‘Alcoholics committed to mental institutions have jumped in number from 3,760 in 1922, year of peak prohibition enforcement, to the present average of 12,000 an nually. “Most startling and unthinkable phase of this increase is that the number of women alcoholics commit ted jumped from 400 in 1922 to 1,864 in 1943, or about 450 percent, largely due to alcoholic beverage in dustry’s drive to glamorise drink- Mrs. Colvin predicted a sharp in* I STOP* Mi U| m SRit US' TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN STATE There were 1,282 accidents investi gated in Maryland during the month A March, 1946, with 31 persons kill ed and 631 injured. Baltimore City Police reported 753 accidents with 7 persons killed and 351 injured, and he State, County and Municipal Po ice Departments reported 529 acci .ents with 24 persons killed and 280 persons injured. Baltimore City experienced a 22% eduction in fatalities under March A 1945, but this was offset by a 20% ncrease in fatalities in the Counties or the same period. The year’s total or fatalities is now 99 as compared o 92 for the same period last year— -in increase of 7.6 percent. Pedestrian accidents are still re sponsible for the largest fatality group—ls of the 31 persons killed jeing pedestrions; next was motor ■ ehicle with motor vehicle, 7 deaths; axed object and non-collision acci dents, 3 deaths each; motor vehicle and railroad train, 2 deaths; and mo tor vehicle with bicyclist, 1 death. Ten counties experienced a fatality free month Caroline, Carroll, Charles, Dorchester, Kent, Howard, Queen Anne, St. Mary’s, Somerset and Talbot. Speed, drunken and reckless driv ing combined with careless and indif ferent walking are the predominating causes of the majority of the deaths on our streets and highways in Mary land. It’s not fair to say that a me chanical defect in this or that acci dent was responsible for a person’s death. True a small percentage are responsible, but the MAIN CAUSE of deaths on our streets and high ways is “You, Md. Driver,” and you “Mr. Careless and Indifferent Pedes trian.” Governor O’Conor, the Maryland Traffic Safety Commission and coop erating agencies and inidviduals in terested in traffic safety take this op portunity to request ALL persons using the streets and highways of Maryland to become safety conscious —remember "Mr. Driver,” you are the brain behind the wheel, and “Mr. Carless & Indifferent Pedestrian” don’t take chances, obey the rules to the letter—try and become safety conscious. “I give up—why is a nickel better better than a dollar?" “Because it goes to church more often." ing the postwar years, because of the “tutoring of men to drink in military service , and the steadily increasing production and advertising of alco holic beverages as shown by internal revenue reports, the cry of Uglier •bortniee BQtwlthaturtißf."