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Food and Labor Are Nation's Topics
Passage of Housing Bill Spurs Building Program; Hoover Asks World to Join in Famine Fight (EDITOR’S NOTE) Win opinions rs expressed In these eolnmns, they are those el (Western Newspaper Union’s news analysts and net necessarily si this newspaper.) FAMINE: Hoover Reports Back from his globe-girdling fam ine survey, former Pres. Herbert Hoover called for additional volun tary food conservation on the part of Americans and also declared that the co-operation of Russia and South American states would great ly assist in tiding hungry areas over the critical pre-harvest period. Though stating that he saw no in stances of actual starvation on his global whirl, Hoover was quick to add that available food supplies were at a dangerous low in many countries and famine would result if supplies were not replenished. Even after trimming re quests of some countries, Hoover declared that over 14 million tons of food were needed until the next harvest, with the United Kingdom requiring 2,- 000,000 tons; France, 1,750,000 tons; Germany 1,370,000 tons; Italy, 775,000 tons; Poland, 340,- 000 tons; Czechoslovakia, 290,- 000 tons; Belgium, 300,000 tons; Greece, 275,000 tons; Yugo slavia, 250,000 tons; Spain, 240,- 000 tons; Austria, 225,000 tons; the Indian ocean area, 2,886,- 000 tons and China and Japan, 870,000 tons each. In asking Russia to share some of its surplus grain and calling upon South American countries to step up deliveries, Hoover said the U. S. shipment of 450 million bushels of wheat during this crop year is an unparalleled achievement. In all, the U. S. is expected to provide 4,220,000 tons of cereals; Canada, 2,300,000; Australia, 992,000; Argen tina, 2,375,000; Russia, 300,000, plus lesser amounts from the United Kingdom, Brazil, Burma and Siam. Hoover’s announcement of world food needs followed close upon the department of agricul ture’s prediction that continu ing drouth in the Great Plains states would cut winter wheat production by 88 million bushels under the April 1 estimate. The crop now is set at 742,887,000 bushels. INDIA: Seek Compromise As a result of the collapse in negotiations for Indian independ ence because of Moslem demands for a separate state, the British delegation’s statement on further 6teps to be taken for resolving the deadlock was expected to provide a basis for continuing discussions. In originally making its offer for Indian independence, the Brit ish government had declared that Moslem demands for a separate state should not block plans for free- Lb... . M. A. Jinnah and Nehru dom. However, the insistence of the Moslems under M. A. Jinnah for their own state portended an out break of violence if refused and led the British mission into formulat ing a compromise acceptable to both parties. Against the Moslem demand for a separate state called Pakistan, the Hindus led by Jawaharlal Nehru, faithful Ghandi disciple, had held out for a strong central author ity for the whole country in foreign affairs, defense, communications and finance. LABOR: Busy President Coal strikes, rail strikes and, demands of labor and industry are heavy burdens on President Tru man these days. If one threaten ing strike is settled, another one is threatened, or breaks out. La bor and industry are in an all out battle, and the President is caught in between them with the great mass of American people clamoring for action. Congress, too, is finding the seats on Capitol Hill steadily growing warmer. The OPA and the British loan were no small worries either. The pressure of the United Mine Workers, the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of In dustrial Organization, on the Pres ident was matched by the manu facturers, mine operators, railroad owners and big business and in dustry in general. Lights burn late in the White House, and daily vis itors to the President are greater than ever before! The people of the United States have a busy President. And when all the pres ent strikes" are*'Settled; negotia tions far hew contracts will begin again - HOUSING: Get Going Welcoming final passage of the veterans’ housing measure de signed to push construction of 2,- 700,000 new homes by 1947, Housing Expediter Wilson Wyatt cheerfully exclaimed: “The . . . program now can be thrown into full gear.” Worked out by house and senate conferees, who labored to draw up a common bill from two different pieces of legislation, the measure represented a victory for the ad ministration forces in that it pro vides subsidies of 400 million dol lars to increase the production of building materials. Earlier opposed by the house, the subsidies later were approved on the strength of administration arguments that such payments would boost the flow of construction supplies without in creasing the cost of new homes. In addition to the subsidy provis ion, the new housing bill authorizes the government to increase home mortgage lending by one billion dol lars; extends priorities and alloca tion power to channel materials into low-cost and medium-priced resi dences to December 31, 1947; estab lishes preference for vets in pur chasing or renting new structures; gives the housing expediter broad authority to order changes in mate rial pricing regulations, and em powers him to limit the export of lumber as long as scarcities exist in this country. DRAFT: O. K. Extension Allowed only hours in which to act to prevent the extinction of the selective service act, the senate ac cepted stiff house amendments to the draft calling for cessation of inductions of fathers and teen agers. Passage of the measure extend ing selective service 1 resulted from rapid-firejHngres sional action in the senate deliberations over approval of the multi-billion dollar British loan and restrictive labor legislation. With the senate pausing in its discussion of these issues to o.k. existing draft legislation until July 1 to beat the expiration deadline, the house took advantage of the time element to dilute the draft and force its re mittance to the upper chamber for reconsideration. WASHINGTON DIGEST Taft Looms as 1948 GOP Hope By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. Along about June of any election year, when a lot of simple souls are thinking about moonlight and J the fly on your nose. Among these are the poli ticians. It’s a great time to lean back in a chair in the Senate office building or thereabouts, open another bottle of White Rock, light another see gar, and burble on about what’s go ing to happen come November, and, still more intriguing, to prognosti cate on presidential possibilities. It’s fun for the newcomers be cause it’s so easy for them to pre dict, in the light of what’s happen Ski yarffwr ft , iff mm IH' l m SHk m Bi .S|l I ! m Bspi My HOOVER AND TRUMAN . . . President Truman devoted attention to the report of Herbert Hoover, on his findings in a globe-circling in vestigation of famine conditions. Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson is shown with them. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN. MD. > v > WORLD FOOD NEEDS AND SUPPLIES 1945-46 EXPORTABLE SUPPLIES NEEDED TO MEET WORLD FOOD SHORTAGES FOOD IMPORTS NEEDED AVAILABLE FOR EXPORT DEFICIT WHEAT *********** ricj; an min FAT 9 a OILS _ sin If SUGAR OGaOOOOLillll EACH SYMBOL IMILLION SHORT TONS %SHi DIPLOMACY: On Dollar Basis Having used its great material re sources to balance the scales for al lied military victory over the axis, the U. S. now is acting to employ its tremendous wealth for the stabiliza tion of political conditions abroad to promote free exchange between na tions. Popularly known as “dollar diplo macy,” the administration’s first open application of the policy in the postwar period was to Poland and China, where Communist influence has been strong and shaped to serve Russia’s political and eco nomic interests. In the case of Poland, the U. S. suspended a 90 million dollar credit to the Soviet-sponsored Warsaw government on charges that it had violated its pledge to increase free dom of movement within the coun try. First, the U. S. said that the government had censored an Amer ican reporter’s dispatch regarding a critical speech made by a Peasant party leader, and second, it had failed to publish terms of the U. S. credit providing for political free dom in Poland. Taken back by the U. S. action, the Polish embassy in Washington declared that it could categorically deny that any censorship existed in Poland, and explained that the terms of the loan had not arrived in Warsaw in time to permit their publication up to the time of the U. S. credit cancellation. Meanwhile, Gen. George C. Mar shall was given full control over a proposed half billion dollar loan to China in his efforts to weld the Na tionalist and Communist forces to gether into a central government and create a unified country. ing right now, just what will happen then. It’s still more fun for the old timers because they know that the voters who may not love you in the autumn often seem very palsy in the spring—and vice versa. Since there isn’t much use in spec ulating on who the Democratic pres idential nominee will be, it’s more interesting to talk about Republican possibilities. Perhaps that is why, along about the middle of May, the heavy back ers of Bob Taft began to be heard from. Up until then, most of the talk in the couloirs was how Bricker was the No. 1 boy, and how Stassen mustn’t even be mentioned above a whisper. Even Stassen’s own men decided it was better for the young man from Minnesota to keep his head down so he wouldn’t attract any lightning until he had found out whether his forums were more po tent than the against-em’s. Now it’s getting to be more serious fun to talk about Taft. Taft wants to be President. He has wanted to be President be fore. He is pretty much mas ter of the Republican organiza tion, but even if he weren’t, Bricker, his present friend and rival, is more “beatable,” de- mm * HK > FOOD MISSION . . . Herbert Morrison, Lord President of the British Council, who visited Washington on a food mission, is shown with Acting Secretary of State Dean Acheson. UNRRA: Seeking to prevent death-dealing riderpest among surviving cattle and water buffalo herds of China, one million doses of a new type vaccine were flown by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation administration to Shanghai as a gift of the U. S. and Canada. Emphasizing the significance of the gift, UNRRA Director LaGuar dia declared every water buffalo or bullock saved for the plow means the assurance of that much more food for the needy. <s, spite the good impression he made on his speaking tour be fore the last convention . . . what with the leftist look in so many veterans’ eyes. Bricker has a staunch and solid conservative following. But it is a little too solidly conservative. Taft could hardly be called a radical. In fact, his political garden has never produced even a pale and lonely pink. On the other hand, his sup porters prudently can point to many a constructively liberal measure which has had his blessing. Only the other day, I was talking with an ardent administration of ficial who has been battling for a measure badly battered by conserv atives of both political stripes. I asked him if he could expect to re trieve in the senate a certain pro vision in his legislation, lost in the house. “Oh, yes,” he answered, “Bob Taft will go along on that.” And Taft has a good liberal rec ord on such mass-appeal measures as housing. The Republicans don’t have to deal with the old-line bosses to the extent that the Demo crats do and in two of the larger cities where the Republican machine is vital—Philadelphia and Cincinnati everything would be Jake so far as Taft is concerned. He, himself, is kingpin in his home state organ ization . . . and Mr. Pew, who makes the Republican wheels go round in Pennsylvania, want ed Taft in ’4O and ’44. It is to be presumed he’ll feel the same in ’4B. This doesn’t eliminate other bril liant possibilities, including Messrs. Stassen and Vandenberg. Mr. Vandenberg has done a lot of the molding himself. This could work both ways. On the one hand, the energy and devotion with which Mr. Vandenberg has applied him self to foreign affairs, and the pow erful influence he has exerted, have greatly increased his silhouette on the international horizon. On the other hand, these activities, both in quantity and quality, have taken him far afield from the usual polit ical approach to a Republican presi dential nomination. It may be there is a niche in the making that would need a man of his proportion to fill but one Demo crat said to me the other day: “Sometimes it looks as if Van would rather be right than President.” News/^ Rfhis!D. THE/NSSp By PaulMallonJ^^ Released by Western Newspaper Union. LOAN TO BRITAIN WOULD PROMOTE SOCIALISM WASHINGTON.—The senate de bate on the proposed loan to Britain has conspicuously ducked the fact that the British government is lav ishly buying its way into socialism. Some of the senate newsmen, who are the senator’s severest critics, attribute the void to the broad lack of knowledge among politicos of financial matters. They should charge it, instead, to the masking op erations of the Attlee government. Not even the most learned financial authorities of the empire can ascer tain how the Attlee treasury has taken over the Bank of England and the mines, or how it is proceed ing now to take the cable and wire less companies, railroads, steel and whatnot. The operations have been covered with secrecy and confusion worthy of an Eisenhower invasion of Europe, in which false moves and rumors were used to conceal the real intent from the enemy. Yet sufficient general evidence is available in the government bills proposed in parliament to piece to gether a general outline of the scheme. Each industry is being seized in a slightly different way. The government has steadfastly re fused to announce a general policy. But the actions taken so far war rant these following conclusions: The government is buying its na tion with debt. It is purchasing in dustries by offering government stock or securities to private own ers for their private stock and se curities. The price paid is rarely divulged, but seems generally to be the current market value, or better. GOOD PRICES OFFERED The London Times analyzed the processes so far in an effort to of fer some worthwhile advice to hold ers of railroad securities who may be next, and reached this conclu sion: “Whatever method of nation alization is adopted, railroad stocks should be retained.” In short, the Times concludes the government will offer at least the current mar ket value or better for the railroads. Only in the taking of the Bank of England did the government tell what it was really offering. Then it gave a 3 per cent gov ernment bond for stock, but guaranteed dividends until 1966 equal to what the Bank had paid Jn the past 20 years. In the seiz ure of the coal industry alone did the treasury permit free sale of its substitute stock (there is a big debt in coal and operations have not been profit able). So the general conclu sion is inescapable that the so cialism of Britain represents the government issuing stock to the same people who held the private stock, at market prices, often promising them the same dividends, and in effect guaran teeing them against losses, while depriving them of influ ence in operations or the right to sell their stock. This is an expensive operation. In effect, it transfers the debts of industry from private ownership to the people as a whole, making the treasury liable for success of the enterprises, atop all the war debts. How will it work out? Not a man alive can guess. Offhand you might reasonably conclude that if the in dustrial operations continue profit able, the government may pay off in 20 to 25 years as contemplated. If business becomes unprofitable, the people in their taxes, will have to foot the bill—as well as the American taxpayers who are fur nishing this proposed loan. Fur thermore, it may be difficult for a labor government to promote profit able operations because such a gov ernment must be amenable polit ically to wage increases and in creased operating costs for public service. MANIPULATION POSSIBLE But these simplest truths may not stand the test of time, because gov ernment can do anything. As it has let money rot, it can allow its special securities for each of these industries in years ahead to find lev els less burdensome upon the treas ury. Only imaginations unlimit ed can possibly conjure the limit less possibilities. Mr. Attlee’s ar rangers are keeping things that way. In the cables and wireless bill, there is no clear indication of prices to be paid for the involved holding company stocks. Appar ently price is to be established by private bargaining between the treasury and holders of the stock. Yet these astonishing and per plexing developments in social ism have caused remarkable little interest among the phleg matic British. The public likes .to look at the surface of things (indeed has no opportunity to do otherwise in this instance) anfl on the surface fair ex cl ige seems to be no robbery. Whnt difference does it make if the stockholders get a govern ment security of the same value and interest rate for their pri vate ntock? So say the British of all elasses. Child Will Be Happy Over a Lawn Chair A PINT size lawn chair is great fun for children. It adds in terest to any group of outdoor furniture and you will find that it is often used by grown-ups in stead of an ottoman or for a place to put books and magazines. I V"\f\ IT •* EASY TO MAKE A CHILD'S 1 \ A\CHIR 70 MATCH LARGER The small chair shown here matches the adult-size chair and is made with a pattern that gives a eomplete bill of materials, large diagrams for cutting each piece and illustrated construction steps. The seat of the chair is about ten inches high and thirteen inches deep. This lawn chair is made with pattern 253; and the adult-size lawn chair is pat tern 269. Patterns are 15c each or both patterns to one address for 25c. Send order with name and address to: MRS. RUTH WYETH SPEARS Bedford Hills, N. Y. Drawer 16 Enclose 15 cents for one pattern, or 25 cents for both. Name Address CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT BUSINESS & INVEST. OPPOR. Opportunity knocks—Establish a business of your own with our new and exquisite portrait plaques. Why wait for reconver sion? We offer not a job, but a position to day. Write for information. A. Goodman. 245 West 51st St., New York, N. Y. FARMS AND RANCHES EASTERN SHORE. MD.—95 dark loam acres, 9-room modern home. Hot and cold running water in all buildings. Two-car garage, tool house, corn crib, two-story barn, wagon shed, cow barn, chicken coop, milk house, daylight cellar. Elec tric. Fruit. School and work bus by door. R.F.D. Bath and flush toilet. Taxes $43.00. Building almost new. On highway. $8,600. GOLDSBORO. MD. - Bex 13, Route 1, FOR SALE—66-acre Farm, 6-room house, barn, hog pen, chicken house, sheds, etc. Electric, running water, telephone, along State Rd. Price $6,000. Apply Harry Almoney, Gettysburg, Pa. R. D. 1, HELP WANTED—MEN SALESMEN, AGENTS WANTED—Sales men—Calling on stores sell fast selling 2/15c cigars. Commission 40c per box. Write National Supply Co., Elmira, N. Y. INSTRUCTION MAKE BEAUTIFUL COSTUME JEWEL RY at home for large profits, hobby or therapy. Free illustrated wholesale cata logue of sea shell, metal and plastic parts. Contains detailed instructions. FLORIDA SUPPLY HOUSE BRADENTON, - FLORIDA MISCELLANEOUS DELUXE ENLARGEMENTS of highest quality selection for $2.00; B—sx7 or 4 5x7 and 2—Bxlo or a beautiful hand oil colored Bxlo in folder. Add 50c if nega tive is not supplied. HELIO PHOTO SERVICE, Dept. WN, P. O. Box 521, Church Street Sta., New York 8, N. T. POULTRY, CHICKS & EQUIP. KAYTEE PIGEON FEEDS 10 Types Choice, clean mixtures and iodized Pigeon Health Grit—the best that can be produced. In writing for free samples state whether for squabs, fancy, or racing pigeons. KNAUF & TESCH CO., T Street, Chilton, Wisconsin. WANTED TO BUY FEATHERS WANTED Goose and duck feathers, new and old. Mail samples for prices. P. R. MITCHELL CO., Cincinnati, Ohio. Planning for the Future? Buy U. S. Savings Bonds! 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