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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, May 31, 1946, Image 2

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Food and Labor Are Nation's Topics
Passage of Housing Bill Spurs
Building Program; Hoover Asks
World to Join in Famine Fight
(EDITOR’S NOTE) Win opinions rs expressed In these eolnmns, they are those el
(Western Newspaper Union’s news analysts and net necessarily si this newspaper.)
FAMINE:
Hoover Reports
Back from his globe-girdling fam
ine survey, former Pres. Herbert
Hoover called for additional volun
tary food conservation on the part
of Americans and also declared
that the co-operation of Russia and
South American states would great
ly assist in tiding hungry areas over
the critical pre-harvest period.
Though stating that he saw no in
stances of actual starvation on his
global whirl, Hoover was quick to
add that available food supplies
were at a dangerous low in many
countries and famine would result
if supplies were not replenished.
Even after trimming re
quests of some countries,
Hoover declared that over 14
million tons of food were needed
until the next harvest, with the
United Kingdom requiring 2,-
000,000 tons; France, 1,750,000
tons; Germany 1,370,000 tons;
Italy, 775,000 tons; Poland, 340,-
000 tons; Czechoslovakia, 290,-
000 tons; Belgium, 300,000 tons;
Greece, 275,000 tons; Yugo
slavia, 250,000 tons; Spain, 240,-
000 tons; Austria, 225,000 tons;
the Indian ocean area, 2,886,-
000 tons and China and Japan,
870,000 tons each.
In asking Russia to share some of
its surplus grain and calling upon
South American countries to step
up deliveries, Hoover said the U. S.
shipment of 450 million bushels of
wheat during this crop year is an
unparalleled achievement. In all,
the U. S. is expected to provide
4,220,000 tons of cereals; Canada,
2,300,000; Australia, 992,000; Argen
tina, 2,375,000; Russia, 300,000, plus
lesser amounts from the United
Kingdom, Brazil, Burma and Siam.
Hoover’s announcement of
world food needs followed close
upon the department of agricul
ture’s prediction that continu
ing drouth in the Great Plains
states would cut winter wheat
production by 88 million bushels
under the April 1 estimate. The
crop now is set at 742,887,000
bushels.
INDIA:
Seek Compromise
As a result of the collapse in
negotiations for Indian independ
ence because of Moslem demands
for a separate state, the British
delegation’s statement on further
6teps to be taken for resolving the
deadlock was expected to provide a
basis for continuing discussions.
In originally making its offer
for Indian independence, the Brit
ish government had declared that
Moslem demands for a separate
state should not block plans for free-
Lb... .
M. A. Jinnah and Nehru
dom. However, the insistence of the
Moslems under M. A. Jinnah for
their own state portended an out
break of violence if refused and led
the British mission into formulat
ing a compromise acceptable to
both parties.
Against the Moslem demand for a
separate state called Pakistan, the
Hindus led by Jawaharlal Nehru,
faithful Ghandi disciple, had held
out for a strong central author
ity for the whole country in foreign
affairs, defense, communications
and finance.
LABOR:
Busy President
Coal strikes, rail strikes and,
demands of labor and industry are
heavy burdens on President Tru
man these days. If one threaten
ing strike is settled, another one
is threatened, or breaks out. La
bor and industry are in an all
out battle, and the President is
caught in between them with the
great mass of American people
clamoring for action. Congress,
too, is finding the seats on Capitol
Hill steadily growing warmer. The
OPA and the British loan were no
small worries either.
The pressure of the United Mine
Workers, the American Federation
of Labor and the Congress of In
dustrial Organization, on the Pres
ident was matched by the manu
facturers, mine operators, railroad
owners and big business and in
dustry in general. Lights burn late
in the White House, and daily vis
itors to the President are greater
than ever before! The people of
the United States have a busy
President. And when all the pres
ent strikes" are*'Settled; negotia
tions far hew contracts will begin
again -
HOUSING:
Get Going
Welcoming final passage of the
veterans’ housing measure de
signed to push construction of 2,-
700,000 new homes by 1947, Housing
Expediter Wilson Wyatt cheerfully
exclaimed: “The . . . program now
can be thrown into full gear.”
Worked out by house and senate
conferees, who labored to draw up
a common bill from two different
pieces of legislation, the measure
represented a victory for the ad
ministration forces in that it pro
vides subsidies of 400 million dol
lars to increase the production of
building materials. Earlier opposed
by the house, the subsidies later
were approved on the strength of
administration arguments that
such payments would boost the flow
of construction supplies without in
creasing the cost of new homes.
In addition to the subsidy provis
ion, the new housing bill authorizes
the government to increase home
mortgage lending by one billion dol
lars; extends priorities and alloca
tion power to channel materials into
low-cost and medium-priced resi
dences to December 31, 1947; estab
lishes preference for vets in pur
chasing or renting new structures;
gives the housing expediter broad
authority to order changes in mate
rial pricing regulations, and em
powers him to limit the export of
lumber as long as scarcities exist in
this country.
DRAFT:
O. K. Extension
Allowed only hours in which to
act to prevent the extinction of the
selective service act, the senate ac
cepted stiff house amendments to
the draft calling for cessation of
inductions of fathers and teen
agers.
Passage of the measure extend
ing selective service 1
resulted from rapid-firejHngres
sional action in the senate
deliberations over approval of the
multi-billion dollar British loan and
restrictive labor legislation. With
the senate pausing in its discussion
of these issues to o.k. existing draft
legislation until July 1 to beat the
expiration deadline, the house took
advantage of the time element to
dilute the draft and force its re
mittance to the upper chamber for
reconsideration.
WASHINGTON DIGEST
Taft Looms as 1948 GOP Hope
By BAUKHAGE
News Analyst and Commentator.
WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W.,
Washington, D. C.
Along about June of any election
year, when a lot of simple souls are
thinking about
moonlight and J
the fly on your
nose. Among these are the poli
ticians.
It’s a great time to lean back in
a chair in the Senate office building
or thereabouts, open another bottle
of White Rock, light another see
gar, and burble on about what’s go
ing to happen come November, and,
still more intriguing, to prognosti
cate on presidential possibilities.
It’s fun for the newcomers be
cause it’s so easy for them to pre
dict, in the light of what’s happen
Ski yarffwr ft , iff
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My
HOOVER AND TRUMAN . . . President Truman devoted attention
to the report of Herbert Hoover, on his findings in a globe-circling in
vestigation of famine conditions. Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P.
Anderson is shown with them.
MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN. MD.
>
v > WORLD FOOD NEEDS AND SUPPLIES 1945-46
EXPORTABLE SUPPLIES NEEDED TO MEET WORLD FOOD SHORTAGES
FOOD IMPORTS NEEDED
AVAILABLE FOR EXPORT DEFICIT
WHEAT
***********
ricj;
an min
FAT 9 a OILS _
sin If
SUGAR
OGaOOOOLillll
EACH SYMBOL IMILLION SHORT TONS %SHi
DIPLOMACY:
On Dollar Basis
Having used its great material re
sources to balance the scales for al
lied military victory over the axis,
the U. S. now is acting to employ its
tremendous wealth for the stabiliza
tion of political conditions abroad to
promote free exchange between na
tions.
Popularly known as “dollar diplo
macy,” the administration’s first
open application of the policy in the
postwar period was to Poland and
China, where Communist influence
has been strong and shaped to
serve Russia’s political and eco
nomic interests.
In the case of Poland, the U. S.
suspended a 90 million dollar credit
to the Soviet-sponsored Warsaw
government on charges that it had
violated its pledge to increase free
dom of movement within the coun
try. First, the U. S. said that the
government had censored an Amer
ican reporter’s dispatch regarding
a critical speech made by a Peasant
party leader, and second, it had
failed to publish terms of the U. S.
credit providing for political free
dom in Poland.
Taken back by the U. S. action,
the Polish embassy in Washington
declared that it could categorically
deny that any censorship existed in
Poland, and explained that the
terms of the loan had not arrived
in Warsaw in time to permit their
publication up to the time of the
U. S. credit cancellation.
Meanwhile, Gen. George C. Mar
shall was given full control over a
proposed half billion dollar loan to
China in his efforts to weld the Na
tionalist and Communist forces to
gether into a central government
and create a unified country.
ing right now, just what will happen
then. It’s still more fun for the old
timers because they know that the
voters who may not love you in the
autumn often seem very palsy in
the spring—and vice versa.
Since there isn’t much use in spec
ulating on who the Democratic pres
idential nominee will be, it’s more
interesting to talk about Republican
possibilities.
Perhaps that is why, along about
the middle of May, the heavy back
ers of Bob Taft began to be heard
from. Up until then, most of the
talk in the couloirs was how Bricker
was the No. 1 boy, and how Stassen
mustn’t even be mentioned above a
whisper. Even Stassen’s own men
decided it was better for the young
man from Minnesota to keep his
head down so he wouldn’t attract
any lightning until he had found out
whether his forums were more po
tent than the against-em’s.
Now it’s getting to be more
serious fun to talk about Taft.
Taft wants to be President. He
has wanted to be President be
fore. He is pretty much mas
ter of the Republican organiza
tion, but even if he weren’t,
Bricker, his present friend and
rival, is more “beatable,” de-
mm *
HK >
FOOD MISSION . . . Herbert
Morrison, Lord President of the
British Council, who visited
Washington on a food mission,
is shown with Acting Secretary
of State Dean Acheson.
UNRRA:
Seeking to prevent death-dealing
riderpest among surviving cattle
and water buffalo herds of China,
one million doses of a new type
vaccine were flown by the United
Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
administration to Shanghai as a gift
of the U. S. and Canada.
Emphasizing the significance of
the gift, UNRRA Director LaGuar
dia declared every water buffalo
or bullock saved for the plow means
the assurance of that much more
food for the needy.
<s,
spite the good impression he
made on his speaking tour be
fore the last convention . . .
what with the leftist look in so
many veterans’ eyes.
Bricker has a staunch and solid
conservative following. But it is a
little too solidly conservative. Taft
could hardly be called a radical. In
fact, his political garden has never
produced even a pale and lonely
pink. On the other hand, his sup
porters prudently can point to many
a constructively liberal measure
which has had his blessing.
Only the other day, I was talking
with an ardent administration of
ficial who has been battling for a
measure badly battered by conserv
atives of both political stripes. I
asked him if he could expect to re
trieve in the senate a certain pro
vision in his legislation, lost in the
house.
“Oh, yes,” he answered, “Bob
Taft will go along on that.”
And Taft has a good liberal rec
ord on such mass-appeal measures
as housing.
The Republicans don’t have
to deal with the old-line bosses
to the extent that the Demo
crats do and in two of the larger
cities where the Republican
machine is vital—Philadelphia
and Cincinnati everything
would be Jake so far as Taft
is concerned. He, himself, is
kingpin in his home state organ
ization . . . and Mr. Pew, who
makes the Republican wheels
go round in Pennsylvania, want
ed Taft in ’4O and ’44. It is to
be presumed he’ll feel the same
in ’4B.
This doesn’t eliminate other bril
liant possibilities, including Messrs.
Stassen and Vandenberg.
Mr. Vandenberg has done a lot
of the molding himself. This could
work both ways. On the one hand,
the energy and devotion with which
Mr. Vandenberg has applied him
self to foreign affairs, and the pow
erful influence he has exerted, have
greatly increased his silhouette on
the international horizon. On the
other hand, these activities, both in
quantity and quality, have taken
him far afield from the usual polit
ical approach to a Republican presi
dential nomination.
It may be there is a niche in the
making that would need a man of
his proportion to fill but one Demo
crat said to me the other day:
“Sometimes it looks as if Van would
rather be right than President.”
News/^
Rfhis!D.
THE/NSSp
By PaulMallonJ^^
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
LOAN TO BRITAIN WOULD
PROMOTE SOCIALISM
WASHINGTON.—The senate de
bate on the proposed loan to Britain
has conspicuously ducked the fact
that the British government is lav
ishly buying its way into socialism.
Some of the senate newsmen, who
are the senator’s severest critics,
attribute the void to the broad lack
of knowledge among politicos of
financial matters. They should
charge it, instead, to the masking op
erations of the Attlee government.
Not even the most learned financial
authorities of the empire can ascer
tain how the Attlee treasury has
taken over the Bank of England
and the mines, or how it is proceed
ing now to take the cable and wire
less companies, railroads, steel and
whatnot. The operations have been
covered with secrecy and confusion
worthy of an Eisenhower invasion
of Europe, in which false moves
and rumors were used to conceal
the real intent from the enemy.
Yet sufficient general evidence is
available in the government bills
proposed in parliament to piece to
gether a general outline of the
scheme. Each industry is being
seized in a slightly different way.
The government has steadfastly re
fused to announce a general policy.
But the actions taken so far war
rant these following conclusions:
The government is buying its na
tion with debt. It is purchasing in
dustries by offering government
stock or securities to private own
ers for their private stock and se
curities. The price paid is rarely
divulged, but seems generally to be
the current market value, or better.
GOOD PRICES OFFERED
The London Times analyzed the
processes so far in an effort to of
fer some worthwhile advice to hold
ers of railroad securities who may
be next, and reached this conclu
sion: “Whatever method of nation
alization is adopted, railroad stocks
should be retained.” In short, the
Times concludes the government
will offer at least the current mar
ket value or better for the railroads.
Only in the taking of the Bank
of England did the government
tell what it was really offering.
Then it gave a 3 per cent gov
ernment bond for stock, but
guaranteed dividends until 1966
equal to what the Bank had paid
Jn the past 20 years. In the seiz
ure of the coal industry alone
did the treasury permit free
sale of its substitute stock
(there is a big debt in coal and
operations have not been profit
able). So the general conclu
sion is inescapable that the so
cialism of Britain represents
the government issuing stock to
the same people who held the
private stock, at market prices,
often promising them the same
dividends, and in effect guaran
teeing them against losses,
while depriving them of influ
ence in operations or the right
to sell their stock.
This is an expensive operation.
In effect, it transfers the debts of
industry from private ownership to
the people as a whole, making the
treasury liable for success of the
enterprises, atop all the war debts.
How will it work out? Not a man
alive can guess. Offhand you might
reasonably conclude that if the in
dustrial operations continue profit
able, the government may pay off
in 20 to 25 years as contemplated.
If business becomes unprofitable,
the people in their taxes, will have
to foot the bill—as well as the
American taxpayers who are fur
nishing this proposed loan. Fur
thermore, it may be difficult for a
labor government to promote profit
able operations because such a gov
ernment must be amenable polit
ically to wage increases and in
creased operating costs for public
service.
MANIPULATION POSSIBLE
But these simplest truths may not
stand the test of time, because gov
ernment can do anything. As it
has let money rot, it can allow its
special securities for each of these
industries in years ahead to find lev
els less burdensome upon the treas
ury. Only imaginations unlimit
ed can possibly conjure the limit
less possibilities. Mr. Attlee’s ar
rangers are keeping things that
way. In the cables and wireless
bill, there is no clear indication of
prices to be paid for the involved
holding company stocks. Appar
ently price is to be established by
private bargaining between the
treasury and holders of the stock.
Yet these astonishing and per
plexing developments in social
ism have caused remarkable
little interest among the phleg
matic British. The public likes
.to look at the surface of things
(indeed has no opportunity to
do otherwise in this instance)
anfl on the surface fair ex
cl ige seems to be no robbery.
Whnt difference does it make if
the stockholders get a govern
ment security of the same value
and interest rate for their pri
vate ntock? So say the British
of all elasses.
Child Will Be Happy
Over a Lawn Chair
A PINT size lawn chair is great
fun for children. It adds in
terest to any group of outdoor
furniture and you will find that it
is often used by grown-ups in
stead of an ottoman or for a place
to put books and magazines.
I V"\f\ IT •* EASY TO MAKE A CHILD'S
1 \ A\CHIR 70 MATCH LARGER
The small chair shown here matches
the adult-size chair and is made with a
pattern that gives a eomplete bill of
materials, large diagrams for cutting
each piece and illustrated construction
steps. The seat of the chair is about ten
inches high and thirteen inches deep.
This lawn chair is made with pattern
253; and the adult-size lawn chair is pat
tern 269. Patterns are 15c each or both
patterns to one address for 25c. Send
order with name and address to:
MRS. RUTH WYETH SPEARS
Bedford Hills, N. Y. Drawer 16
Enclose 15 cents for one pattern, or
25 cents for both.
Name
Address
CLASSIFIED
DEPARTMENT
BUSINESS & INVEST. OPPOR.
Opportunity knocks—Establish a business
of your own with our new and exquisite
portrait plaques. Why wait for reconver
sion? We offer not a job, but a position to
day. Write for information. A. Goodman.
245 West 51st St., New York, N. Y.
FARMS AND RANCHES
EASTERN SHORE. MD.—95 dark loam
acres, 9-room modern home. Hot and cold
running water in all buildings. Two-car
garage, tool house, corn crib, two-story
barn, wagon shed, cow barn, chicken
coop, milk house, daylight cellar. Elec
tric. Fruit. School and work bus by door.
R.F.D. Bath and flush toilet. Taxes $43.00.
Building almost new. On highway. $8,600.
GOLDSBORO. MD. - Bex 13, Route 1,
FOR SALE—66-acre Farm, 6-room house,
barn, hog pen, chicken house, sheds, etc.
Electric, running water, telephone, along
State Rd. Price $6,000. Apply
Harry Almoney, Gettysburg, Pa. R. D. 1,
HELP WANTED—MEN
SALESMEN, AGENTS WANTED—Sales
men—Calling on stores sell fast selling
2/15c cigars. Commission 40c per box.
Write National Supply Co., Elmira, N. Y.
INSTRUCTION
MAKE BEAUTIFUL COSTUME JEWEL
RY at home for large profits, hobby or
therapy. Free illustrated wholesale cata
logue of sea shell, metal and plastic
parts. Contains detailed instructions.
FLORIDA SUPPLY HOUSE
BRADENTON, - FLORIDA
MISCELLANEOUS
DELUXE ENLARGEMENTS of highest
quality selection for $2.00; B—sx7 or 4
5x7 and 2—Bxlo or a beautiful hand oil
colored Bxlo in folder. Add 50c if nega
tive is not supplied. HELIO PHOTO
SERVICE, Dept. WN, P. O. Box 521,
Church Street Sta., New York 8, N. T.
POULTRY, CHICKS & EQUIP.
KAYTEE PIGEON FEEDS
10 Types Choice, clean mixtures and
iodized Pigeon Health Grit—the best
that can be produced. In writing for
free samples state whether for
squabs, fancy, or racing pigeons.
KNAUF & TESCH CO.,
T Street, Chilton, Wisconsin.
WANTED TO BUY
FEATHERS WANTED
Goose and duck feathers, new and old.
Mail samples for prices.
P. R. MITCHELL CO., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Planning for the Future?
Buy U. S. Savings Bonds!
WNU—4 22-46
TYTHENFunctional Nervous Dis
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Restlessness or Nervous Headache
interfere with your work or spoil your
good times, take
Miles Nervine
(Liquid or Effervescent Tablets)
Nervous Tension can make you
Wakeful, Jittery, Irritable. Ner
vous Tension can cause Nervous
Headache and Nervous Indiges
tion. In times like these, we are more
likely than usual to become over
wrought and nervous and to wish for
a good sedative. Miles Nervine is a
good sedative—mild but effective.
If you do not use Miles Nervine
you can’t know what it will do for you.
It comes in Liquid and Effervescent
Tablet form, both equally soothing to -
tense and over-wrought nerves. WHY
DON'T YOU TRY IT?
Get it at your drug store, Efferves
cent tablets 35c and 75c, Liquid 250
and SI.OO. CAUTION—Use only
as directed.

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