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U. S. DEMANDS PEACE BE MADE IN EDROPE
# Byrnes Signals U.S. Offensive To Win the Peace; Congressional Chiefs Oppose Service Merger Released by Western Newspaper Union. (EDITOR’S NOTE: When opinions are expressed In those eolnmns. they are th so of Western Newspaper Union's news analysts and net necessarily of this newspaper.) FOREIGN POLICY: Byrnes Reports Back from the foreign ministers’ parley in Paris, Secretary of State Byrnes took to the radio to air this country’s position on the important question left at issue and reffirm its determination to press firmly but patiently ahead for world under standing despite all obstacles. While the U. S. may be tempted to pull out of Europe because of the difficulties encountered in drawing a peace without sacrifice of our principles, to do so would be to risk the possibility of another world war in which we would again have to participate, Byrnes said. Therefore, we must take the offensive to assure adoption of U. S. principles, he said. Bluntly attributing existing differ ences to Russian jockeyings for ad vantage, Byrnes declared that the crying need was for a European peace paving the way for orderly production and distribution. If the Soviets continued to block the mak ing of peace and the convening of a peace parley, the U. S. will feel obligated to ask the United Nations under article 14 of the charter to recommend terms of a settlement. In reporting on the Paris parley, Byrnes outlined these differences between the U. S. and Russia: Reparations — While Russia demanded the payment of 100 mil lion dollars in reparations from Italy out of production, the U. S. balked because the financial help we are furnishing Italy to get back on her feet would thus be diverted for the benefit of another country. Venezio Giulia — U. S. resist ance to Russian demands that this strategic province embracing Tri este be handed over to Yugoslavia was based on the fact that 500,000 Italians presently living there would be placed under foreign rule. In WASHINGTON DIGEST Atomic War Could Force Return to Primitive Life By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. Mid-June welcomes a gathering to Washington which will deal with a meeting too. ® At the “institute” in Washington, authorities will explain just what effect atomic energy can have on your life if you are one of those who aren’t going to be destroyed by it. 1 was going to say “one of the lucky ones,” but you won’t be lucky, if atomic warfare starts, even if you are among those whose lives are spared. We have all heard a lot- of dire prophecies about what the atom bomb can do, if it once gets on the loose. Also, what wonders atomic energy can perform in building a better world, if it is confined to peaceful and productive activity. But by far the most impressive footnote on the subject came to me in the repeated words of a scientist speaking not scientifically, or for quotation, but very intimately of his own private thoughts, and his own personal plans. He has lectured a great deal on the subject of atomic energy, and is one of those intimately concerned with its development. Suddenly, one day he realized that he had better make some personal plans to pre pare for the future in this atomic age of which he had spoken so much. His work is near one of the several prime targets of any enemy bombs that would be dropped. No Refuge From A-Bomb So he began to consider. Should he try to get transferred to some smaller institution, located in a lit tle town? That, he considered, would not help much. He has a farm, but he is not a farmer. Should he move onto the farm immediately, learn as much as he could about farming, and plan to live there where he would be comparatively safe? The farm is far from any large city, tucked in the hills. Then he started planning. He would have to learn a lot more than farming. He would have to learn to card wool, for in- stead, the U. S. recommended drawing a boundary along racial lines. Balkans — Settlement of Balkan treaties was obstructed by Russia’s unwillingness to freeing the Danube river for international commerce. NEW AUTOS: Another Price Rise In compensating automobile manufacturers for increased steel costs resulting from wage hikes in the industry the OPA scheduled new price increases averaging 4 to 5 per cent for new cars to be added to the $1 to S6O boosts previously al lowed. Shortages Curb Output Continuing parts shortages blocked all-out automobile produc tion, with a scarcity of seat-back and cushion springs slowing up completion of assemblies in Ford, General Motors and Willys- Overland factories. CONGRESS: Hit Merger While calling for closer co-opera tion between the army and navy departments, the chairmen of con gressional naval committees warned Secretary of the Navy For restal not to enter into a compro mise with Secretary of War Patter son for merging the services since congress would not approve of such a consolidation. “We believe the bill (for merger) accentuates the differences be tween the services,” Senator Walsh and Representative Vinson of the senate and house naval committees declared. “Its enactment . . . would widen the breach since naval offi cers are convinced . . . that naval aviation and amphibious operations played a great part in winning the stance; his wife would have to learn to spin, to weave, to make soap, to fabricate all the things you buy in stores. He would have to lay in tools, and enough other supplies to last him the rest of his lifetime. Well, perhaps all that could be done. Then he realized that even at that, he wouldn’t be safe. He would have to build barbed wire en tanglements, and obtain machine guns and other weapons with which to defend himself ... for with the refugees who escaped, starving, from the cities, the few who had food would be at the mercy of the hungry mobs. If I had heard those statements from a lecture platform, or read them in a magazine, I might have passed them by as sensationalism. But the statements weren’t in a magazine, or spoken from a plat form. They were said over the luncheon table in the quiet corner of a club. The speaker wasn’t trying to “sell” his ideas to any body. He wasn’t trying to persuade anybody to do anything, or to get publicity. He was thinking out loud about what he considered an acute personal problem. In the end it left him baffled. There is no defense. The only hope is to make the United Nations work. SENATE COMMITTEE ACTS Farm Prices Taken Out of OP A WASHINGTON. Power to say when price ceilings should be lifted from food and other farm products was taken away from OPA and giv en to Secretary of Agriculture An derson by the senate banking com mittee which is considering the price control bill. Chairman Wagner (D., N. Y.) an nounced after a closed meeting that the vote was 12 to 2. Tentatively, the committee agreed on a general plan for ending the wartime controls over prices as pro duction of goods begins catching up with demand. It embraces three main points: 1. A policy formula, proposed by Senator Barkley (D., Ky.), calling for removal of price ceilings by the end of the year on all commodities not important to business costs or to living costs, and removal of other ceilings when supply and demand reach a ratio where a price increase other than a temporary fluctuation would not result. Independent Appeal Board. +- '2.- Creation of n independent board of three members to which MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD. t A jfl g&v •‘ - Jjl wniiiiin miiiiiii $ Secretary of Agriculture (left) discusses world food situation with FAO Director Sir John Boyd (center) and UNRRA head La Guardia at meeting of United Nations food and agricultural organization at Washington, D. C. war. They are also convinced . . . naval aviation and amphibious forces will play a major role in pre venting any potential enemy from bringing war to our shores.” COLLEGES: Crowded Future Because of the shortages of housing, facilities, books and teach ers, the nation’s colleges will be un able to take care of a postwar rush partly prompted by the G.I. bill of rights educational benefits for vets. In reviewing the college picture for next fall, Reconversion Direc tor Snyder declared that only half of the 2 million people desiring to enroll in higher schools of learning will be able to do so, including 690,- 000 vets. In 1946-’47 alone, the government will spend at least 1 billion dollars on G.l.s, he said, with expenditures over the years total ing 6 billion. U. N.: FAO Meets Formation of a United Nations food administration to direct world food policies during the period of scarcity and reconstruction was urged by Herbert Hoover at the opening session of the U. N.’s food and agriculture organization in Washington, D. C. While such an administration would co-ordinate governmental ef forts at relieving the critical food situation, Hoover recommended that it set its sights at restoring pri vate distribution and production of farm machinery, fertilizer and oth er material as quickly as possible. Declaring charity programs were wasteful and inefficient, Hoover said private commerce could pro vide more economical and reliable service to farmers, merchants and consumers. SPEEDSTERS: Having passed qualifying tests, 33 speedsters were entered in the first renewal 500 mile automobile race at Indianapolis since 1941 with SIOO,OOO in prize money at stake. With drivers required to average 115 miles an hour or better in four runs on the 2% mile track in order to qualify for the Memorial Day event, the veteran Cliff Bergere chalked up the fastest speed in the early trials at 126.47 miles per hour. industries could appeal for removal < of ceilings if the Office of Price Ad ministration declined to lift them. This was proposed by Senator Milli kin (R., Colo.). 3. Lodging of control over food and farm prices in the department of agriculture. A subcommittee of three was ap pointed to put this three-point pro gram into legislative language. The members are Senators McFarland (D., Ariz.), Fulbright (D., Ark.) and Millikin (R., Colo.). When they have completed their draft, the full com mittee will consider and take a for mal vote on it. Senator Bankhead (D., Ala.) spon sored the proposal to let the secre tary of agriculture decide when ceil ings should be lifted from farm products. Under his amendment, the secretary would advise every 30 days whether supplies of a farm commodity had reached sufficient volume so that ceilings should come off. If he decided they had, OPA would be required to lift them. The secretary also could direct a price increase for a commodity. World Farmers Unite The International Federation of Agriculture, the first such interna tional organization comprised of in dividual memberships by farmers’ organizations from most of the na tions represented in U. N., comes into being as a result of a meeting of farm leaders from throughout the world in London. James Turner, president of the British National Farmers union, was the moving spirit in calling the London conference and in forma tion of the new organization. As Quentin Reynolds (left) and Albert Goss. head of a delegation of British farmers which traveled half-way around the world to study condi tions in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States, he found a widespread belief that the primary producers of the world must organize if they were to be protected against uncertainties of the postwar period. U. S. representatives at the con ference included Allan B. Klein, vice president of the American Farm Bureau federation; James G. Patton, president of the National Farmers Union; Albert S. Goss, master of the National Grange, and Quentin Reynolds, president of the National Conference of Co-opera tives. Put Sales Goal At 200 Billion If Strikes End CHICAGO.—A total of 200 billion dollars in merchandise still could be produced and sold in 1946 if strikes and threats of strikes could be eliminated, Gene Flack, vice president of the National Federation of Sales Executives, declared here recently. As an annual sales goal for com ing years, Mr. Flack put 140 billion dollars as a satisfactory figure. Such a total would provide 53% mil lion jobs, he said, “enough to make certain that this nation will avoid any possibility of a depression." Flack asserted that if the engi neering and sales abilities of Amer ican manufacturers could lift sales to a total of 150 billions during the war years, certainly America could make another 33 per cent increase. <§> Hires Vets and War Widows Only; Finds Them Best VALLEY STREAM, N. Y.—Last January the Commonwealth Air craft, Inc., inaugurated the experi ment of hiring only veterans or war widows in its plants, to the exclu sion of others. The plan worked so well that it has been made a per manent policy. Raymond Voyes, president, said the company, which manufactures private planes, currently has 500 veterans employed at the Valley Stream plant and expects to hire 1,000 more. In addition, 1,500 more veterans will be added to its Port Washington, N. Y., plant. Mr. Voyes said that not only have production figures increased, but personnel turnover among veterans is only 0.5 per cent, compared with about 3% per cent among the com pany’s civilian employees. Hews/^ BEHINQm THE'NEfISg By PaulMallon yx Released by Western Newspaper Union. FEEDING STARVING WORLD TOO BIG A JOB FOR US WASHINGTON. The food cam paign is running into ever-deepen ing difficulties. The sweeping publicity campaign to induce Americans to save for the hungry in the rest of the world ceased the moment the coal strike became serious, but only temporarily. There was no use con sidering food saving when a fuel tie-up and transportation curtail ment threatened spoilage of in definite proportions. But the tenor of the campaign had made every one believe that the problem of alleviating world hunger was simply dependent upon a resolution by the American people to eat less. Any objective investigation will prove these following greater facts to the contrary: (A) No matter what our sav ings, we will not be able to give the world the bulk of foods we have promised. (B) We have moved so late that we are not simply taking food from our tables, but have become involved in promises which will cause a fast and sharp decline in our own food production. (C) For this year, and pos sibly two or three, we will get less meat, butter and cheese than in the war years of ra tioning. Our diets will be changed to cereals, vegetables and fruits which should be available in sufficient quantities to stave off hunger here. The need of many sections of the world for food has now been estab lished beyond question, although the earlier whooping-up campaign contained much hokum about non existent needs. An army news re sume currently quotes Brigadier General Fisher of our occupation forces as saying the German farms are the most prosperous in the world today. Another similar re port of equal authority says there are no starving Bavarians. The British ministry has announced suf ficient stores of food in that nation to meet rationing quotas in all lines, even butter and cheese which are practically non-existent in “white” markets here. WHERE SHORTAGES ARE The European shortages are largely in the Russian occupied areas, plus Italy, Greece and some parts of France. The two ships diverted from England by head man La Guardia of UNRRA, went to Russian occupied zones. Yet the need in actual hunger areas is real. So is it also on the other side of the world, in India, China and the Philippines. To meet these needs we have en tered upon a complete upsetting of our economy to the point of promot ing further reduced production, particularly of livestock, all forms of animal foods, poultry, hogs, sheep, dairy am’ beef cattle. Our beef cattle population, which last year numbered 83 million, has run below 80 million and is going down fast. On a prewar ratio to popula tion, we should have over 100 mil lion beef cattle. The pig crop has been limited to 31 million, which is about three-fourths of what could be considered normal. These curtailments were forced because wheat and corn feed stocks have been cut in order to send them to the rest of the world. In short, by sending feed abroad we can do no more than produce three fourths our usual number of pigs. A government order denies chicken feed to any poultry raiser having more than 80 per cent of the num ber of chickens he had last year. This will force a 20 per cent re duction in poultry population. While there are no particular re strictions on beef cattle feed, it cannot be purchased, and unless the farmer has corn, oats and hay, he must sell his cattle. Similarly, the government is promoting the sale of hogs, at lighter weights than usual—which will decrease produc tion further. FUTURE FULL OF ‘IFS’ Where we go from here is a problem of many “ifs.” If we do not undertake a world food export program another year, we may re store normal livestock supplies in two or three years. Only poultry and pigs can be restored in less time, and pigs require about nine months. If we have a good crop, our own food situation will be no worse than related above, but the optimistic government expectations on the wheat crop are already run ning into doubt. Officially they talk of more than a billion bushels, but the local moisture situation has indicated the winter wheat crop will not justify any such guess on the year as a whole. You might ask why the govern ment does not promote expansion of production. It got aroused about food a little too late for that. To feed the hungry abroad there is nothing to be done now except to curtail domestic consumption, and enter the country largely upon a fruit and vegetable diet for an in definite period. HCUJEHDLD HlNTJtjf |■‘ ’ # To waterproof the kerchief you wear on rainy days, place it be tween two layers of waxed paper and press it with a hot iron. —• — Hanging a snit on a hanger while it still retains body heat causes the wrinkles to fall out much more easily. —•— To straighten out curled rug cor ners, wring a bath towel out of cold water and place it on the curled sfaot overnight. —•— To loosen a glass stopper, let a few drops of glycerin soak be tween the stopper and neck of the bottle. —•— Before slicing fatty bacon by hand, chill it firm, and the bacon can be cut in thin even slicff' —•— Attach a small pincushion to baby’s crib. Then when you’re diapering baby, place the pins in the pincushion. This way they can’t find their way to the bed where baby can reach them. —•— You’ll find a corn popper excel lent for cooking frankfurters over an open fire. The frankfurters can easily be turned so as to brown on all sides. —•— Have a Care. If your pressure cooker cools too suddenly it may warp or crack. —•— If you paint the inside of your linen closet a medium blue, it will keep linens from turning yellow. CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT FARMS AND RANCHES EASTERN SHORE. MD.—95 dark loam acres, 9-room modern home. Hot and cold running water in all buildings. Two-car garage, tool house, corn crib, two-story barn, wagon shed, cow barn, chicken coop, milk house, daylight cellar. Elec tric. Fruit. School and work bus by door. R.F.D. Bath and flush toilet. Taxes $43.00. Building almost new. On highway. $8,600. GOLDSBORO. MD. - Box 13, Route 1. INSTRUCTION MAKE BEAUTIFUL COSTUME JEWEL RY at home for large profits, hobby or therapy. 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