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URGES HIGHER PAY FOR COHGRESSMEN
New Political Groups Seek To Shape Parties’ Policies By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. I The donkey and the elephant are getting jealous, and the Washing ton Chapter of the SPCPA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Po litical Animals) that the bray and the trumpet, familiar sounds in campaign years, are al most drowned out. The latest performer in the ring is the ROF (Republican Open Forums). Officially the newcomer belongs to the Republican stable, as its name implies, but some of the old timers are afraid the colt is getting ready to kick over the party traces. Although the other two more fa miliar creatures, the CIO-PAC and the NC (National Citizens)-PAC, are more at home in the Democratic pasture, they frequently get their heads through the rails to browse on the Republican side. All three are full of ginger, and not too bridle-wise. Stamen Heads Open Forum Chairman of the Republican Open Forums advisory committee is Har old Stassen, and ROF is considered pretty much his baby. Wayne Morse, Walter Judd, Gov. Raymond Baldwin of Connecticut, and other Republicans not unfriendly to the liberal domestic and expansive in ternational views of Stassen make up the committee. At ROF headquarters, you are told it is strictly all-Republican, not a one dark-horse team. However, a broad-minded tolerance prevails which permits Democrats to take part in forums, if they want to. The forums are compared to town meetings, and are supposed to pro vide members of the party with the opportunity to form party policy. At that point comes the rub. Old Timers don’t want Mr. Stassen’s outfit (which its director insists it isn’t) making policy. They feel they have had enough experience in such matters themselves. Anyhow, ROF is a going concern. As of mid-May, there were already 474 forums in operation in 44 states. CIO Works to Get Out Favorable Vote The CIO-PAC we know of old. That outfit is run by Sidney Hillman, and because the CIO fathered it, Mark Sullivan says that the CIO is no longer merely a labor organiza tion, but has acquired the status of a political party. This column de scribed CIO-PAC’s dynamic activi ties, literature, and methods at the time of the last campaign. Their ostensible object is to get out the vote; the real object is to get out the vote they want. A def inite platform for both domestic and foreign policy is stated in de tail. The six points of foreign policy include such controversial subjects as the Quarantine of Spain and Ar gentina, and self-government for co lonial nations. There are 13 points in CIO PAC’s domestic policy, ranging from a minimum wage to OPA, and Including price guarantees to farmers, progressive taxation for laTge incomes, reduction on small incomes. Specific bills are singled out for support or oppo sition. CIO-PAC’s brother, NC-PAC, is what might be described simply as simon-pure New Deal. Chairman of the policy committee is Dr. Frank Kingdon, with Sydney Hill man as an "honorary,” and mem bers including Mrs. Eleanor Roose velt, Henry Morgenthau Jr., Henry Wallace, Hugo Black and so on. The lead article in their organ, "The National Citizen,” whose memorial edition made no single mention of the name, Truman, con tained this paragraph: "Stirred by the rising tide of re action, and the steady drift away from the policies of Franklin D. Roosevelt, more than 2,100 of the late President’s most ardent sup porters and closest friends gathered ... to hear speaker after speaker sound the call to political action as the best method to fulfill the Roose velt domestic and international pro-. gram.” NC-PAC has a political guide which demands the election of progressive candidates for con gress, and lists issues for aetion which include anti-labor hills, Ar gentina, British loan, conscription, FEPC, atomic power, and so on. They likewise are sponsoring a "School of Political Action Tech niques” here in Washington begin ning June 26 which purports to “un veil the intricacies of professional political campaigning to the aver age voter.” The school will be open to anyone; attendance will be lim ited to 500 students. NC - PAC says “it is believed that the ma jority of the student body will play an active role in the November con gressional elections.” Of course, there are various other organizations, old and new, in the field. The Young Republicans, for example, who endorsed the ROF at a recent national convention; Mr. Ickes’ Independent Citizens Com mittee of the Arts, Sciences and Professions to which James Roose velt presumably brings a hereditary parental blessing, and others. And I shouldn’t fail to men tion the Women’s Division of the Democratic National com mittee, which teaches wives of politicos such fundamentals as platform poise, the right word at the right time, how to over come fear of public speaking, and so on. Wives of cabinet of ficers, wives of senators, wives of representatives, wives of members of the little cabinet and wives of top-flight agency heads are exhorted: “Use your feminine charm in the (Demo cratic) .campaign. It helped you get your husband, didn’t it? It will also help get votes.” But these are only mother’s help ers. The PAC twins, and the ROF are the ones that make the don key and the elephant nervous when they look over their left flanks. * * • Congress Needs Salary Boost Wages are at the top of the in flation list. But that doesn’t mean more pay for congressmen. One of the best arguments for a boost in the con gressional payroll comes from a congressmen whom I won’t name, but whose bitterest rivals mention as one of the smartest members of either chamber. He says: "The vote against a pay raise comes from the men who know that they couldn’t get elected, if congressional salaries were high enough to attract a better class of candidates to oppose them.” Philip Broughton, ex-newspa perman and political scientist who has spent a decade in Washington, says, in his "For a Stronger Congress,” that every independent student of congres sional reorganization has "rec ommended a raise to $15,000 or $25,000 a year. Certainly, it would seem that the same pub lic which can afford SSOO a week for the writers of Grade B movie scenarios can afford a similar sum for those who set policies that control our nation al life.” A congressman now gets SIO,OOO a year. Anybody who lives in Washington, Broughton points out, knows that that isn’t enough. A congressman has to maintain two homes; campaigns cost money. Be sides, he has to contribute to “the do-good organizations that claim a root in his constituency,” and "sec retarial expenses and meager rail road mileage do not balance his fartiily budget.” The thing that pains me most as I travel up and down the land is to hear the very people who scream that no congressman is worth even $10,600 a year, object to paying enough to hire a man with ability. ARMY GRIPE BOARD Would Abolish Rank and Salute WASHINGTON. The army will have less saluting and “officers” will be just soldiers, if recommen dations of the Srmy's G.I. gripe board are adopted. The board rec ommended that the very terms “of ficer” and “enlisted man” be abol ished as one step to narrow the of ficial and social gap between them. The inquiry board, headed by Lt. Gen Doolittle, in its report to Sec retary of War Patterson, proposed a thorough revision of existing dif ferences in pay, promotion, fur loughs and food. It called, too, for new measures aimed at raising the standard of leadership in the army. Secretary Patterson announced that "some steps already have been taken” to remedy problems set out in the report. He stated that con gressional approval and appropria tions would be required to carry out a few of the suggestions. Officers and Saluting. But the big break with tradition came in the proposal that all mili tary personnel be referred to mere ly as “soldiers.” Abolition of the hand salute except on army posts and in overseas occupied areas, and wiping out any rules or customs which make rank a barrier to social associations, were among other recommendations. "Americans look with disfavor MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD !►- ■ -Jp * ▼ ; .vXflEaß&k HI. Hi Wm ' ,t :■■■ '•>" '' ' •: > . ‘ •' , '/* * - jjß" BOYS TOWN . . . Citizens receive the Mantoux tuberculin test. Left to right: Eugene Karnes, Mrs. Minnie Schaefer, Dr. Paul J. Martin, Rt. Rev. Msgr. E. J. Flanagan, and Walter Gunnell. The test is considered 98 per cent effective in revealing presence of tuberculosis germs in the body. WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Country Banks Lend a Billion For Increased Farm Production; Big Cut Made in Federal Debt LABOR DRAFT: Senate is Opposed Many senate Republicans, even those who have been calling on President Truman to "settle these strikes,” are opposed to the Presi dent’s appeal for emergency power to draft strikers into the army when they refuse to work at government seized properties. Senator Taft of Ohio has led the fight against the draft proposal and favors the Case bill instead. (The Case bill provides for permanent, not temporary or emergency, labor restraints.) Republicans, however, have not agreed on another proposal made by Mr. Truman that profits from businesses taken over and operated by the government during strikes should go into the U. S. treasury. FRENCH LOAN: Cash and Credit Bypassing a vote by congress, the United States government ex tended a $1,370,000,000 __ credit to France to help her being a four year reconstruction program. The American credit provides a direct loan of $650,000,000 from the export import bank, and a line of credit totaling $720,000,000 which would permit France to settle its lend lease account and purcahse U. S. army and navy surpluses overseas. Mother Love Wins Out Mrs. Margaret Ashe of Chicago decided her baby was pretty after all and returned home after aban doning the baby, only 10 days old. Her husband, James, 27, forgave her. Mrs. Ashe was located at Burlington, lowa. upon any system which grants un earned privileges to a particular class of individuals and find dis tasteful any tendency to make arbi trary social distinctions between two parts of the army," the groups con cluded. “There were irregularities, In justices in handling of enlisted personnel, and abuses of priv ileges in the recent war to such an extent as to cause wide spread and deep-seated criti cisms." Poor Leadership Blamed. The six-man board, which was named by Patterson in March, ascribed poor relationships between commissioned and enlisted person nel to “undeniably poor leadership on the part of a small percentage" of officers and the system “that per mits and encourages a wide official and social gap” between officers and men. To imporve officer leadership, the board recommended specifically that previous military training—pre ferably one year in the ranks—be required of all appointees except technicians not placed in command positions. Proposing a complete review of the army’s system of promoting of ficers, the board urged that it be on a merit basis rather than on seniority and be coupled with pro Leon Blum, chief French negoti ator, signed the agreement with Sec retary of State Byrnes and Secre tary of Treasury Vinson. COUNTRY BANKS: Lend a Billion Some 13,000 of America’s country banks are lending more than $1,000,- 000,000 to their farm customers to support agriculture production, the agricultural commission of the American Bankers association has reported. Non-real-estate agricultural loans held by all insured banks in con tinental U. S. totaled $1,009,600,000 at the beginning of 1946, an increase of nearly $100,000,000 from the Janu ary 1, 1945, figure of $917,400,000. The present outstanding loan vol ume is nearly double the amount of farm production loans held by the banks in 1937. The largest increase in the use of non-real-estate bank credit has been in California. The use of bank cred it by farmers increased in all states except Sqpth Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota and Missouri. FEDERAL DEBT: Cut Ten Billion A survey by a large New York banking institution discloses that actual and prospective federal debt reduction since March 1, 1946, amounts to more than 10 billion dol lars. This is the largest cut ever made in so short a time and is an amount greater than the total debt retirement achieved in an 11-year period following World War I. The repayment, however, was not made with the proceeds of a budget surplus, since the U. S. is still spend ing more than it receives from taxes. Excess borrowed funds in possession of the U. S. treasury were returned to reduce the debt, it was explained. WHEAT STORAGE: Dates are Extended The government has extended the time for cancellation of uniform wheat storage agreements by ele vators and warehouses to 10 days after they get the new agreement. The move was a reversal of original plans and was made after an ap peal by the trade. Clinton P. Anderson, secretary of agriculture, has announced that the government now has enough grain to meet its export commitments and that transportation is the only block to moving 400,000,000 bushels over seas by July 1. vision for demotions. Other specific recommendations incuded a system to permit retire ment of military personnel after 10, 20 or 30 years of service, or after physical disability. The present sys tem of pay was held inadequate. The board urged government food be distributed to all grades and ranks equally. Clothing should be is sued to both enlisted men and offi cers (officers now buy their own). It was recommended that enlist ed men be given terminal leave pay for unused furlough time; that mili tary personnel should be permitted “normal social patterns comparable to our democratic way of life”; provision for enlisted men to serve on courts-martial, and a system of awards to provide more equitable distribution based on merit but more difficult to obtain as rank in creases. Aside from Doolittle, members of the board included former Lt. Gen. Troy H. Middleton, who is now comptroller of Louisiana State uni versity; Robert Neville, who served on Yank and the Stars and Stripes both as an enlisted man and offi cer; Adna H. Underhill, wartime paratrooper captain; Jake W. Lind sey, wartime technical sergeant who won the congressional medal of honor, and Meryll H. Frost, Dart mouth football captain. News.llx Behind,®) ttie/N^b By PaulMalionJ^^ Released by Western Newspaper Union. COMMUNISTS LOSE OUT AT BALLOT BOX WASHINGTON. The Russian program for world political action is losing, and a change of front may eventuate from the Browder talks in the Kremlin. Severest setback to Communist plans for postwar political aggres sion was defeat of their new consti tution for France. Moscovites con trolled the spirit of the French gov ernment since they defeated De Gaulle’s policy of a strong army, and acquired collaboration of the Socialists. Their constitution pro posed a single center of government authority in the chamber of depu ties with a subservient president and cabinet. Facially this appears like ut most democracy somewhat like the superiority of the Brit ish parliament you might say. The majority of the French electorate was not fooled. Every time the Communists go to the electorate, it seems, they are being rejected. In the French ref erendum on the subject last Octo ber, their proposal for a weak ex ecutive was defeated, although they succeeded in electing the largest bloc of delegates to the convention. In the connivances of international conferences and domestic political dickering, the Moscovites have won the most ground, but at the ballot box they have proved weak. Labor Bans Communists. Less conspicuous events than the French election disclose their forced retreat with even greater clarity. A spare three paragraphs in the Lon don Times recently revealed the de cision of the British Labor party to change its constitution so as to deny membership to Communists. This decision follows the disclosure made in this column a few weeks back, and not yet generally pub lished, that the left wing unions in CIO were taking similar action, in similar quietude. The constitution of several CIO unions is being changed to ban Communist party members, and unquestionably labor in the two democracies is attempt ing to purge itself of the Communist influence. It was in the light of these world - changing events that Earl Browder flew to Russia on his unexplained mission. The CP postwar political action in this country has been in the hands of the Fosterites who op pose co-operation with capital ism. Browder was ousted from party control here because he brought CP into co-operation for production during the war. Will the Moscovites now order a pe riod of co-operation again? I doubt it. Look at the matter the way Moscow looks at it, if you would find the answer. Capitalism was the first enemy chosen by Com munism. Fascism became a later enemy. Fascism has now been eliminated as a world power. Com munist aggression against capital ism can stop only through a genu ine reorganization of its totalitarian ideals, and this is hardly to be ex pected now as the Russian govern ment, flushed with victory and new won power throughout the world, sees its greatest opportunity for world achievement. Superficial Co-operation. But there is another stronger reason for doubt. Democratic capi talism is struggling to its feet, fol lowing war. If the Communists co operate and we get production, we may grow strong again. Therefore the Browder mission is likely to suc ceed only if the Kremlin becomes convinced capitalism will fall any way, and a period of false appease ment is justified as a temporary strategic retreat. The decision could favor CP face lifting, and superfi cial co-operation, but could hardly run into genuine depths. In these fundamental cur rents, some are saying the ultimate conflict will be be tween Socialism and Commu nism. But Socialism is a word which has lost more of its orig inal definition than Communism. The Nazis were Socialists, so were the Fascists. So is Russia. The name of that Communist na tion is The Union of Soviet So cialist Republics. British Social ism, on the other hand, clings to law, the parliamentary system and Democratic forms. Events therefore are shaping the world conflict into a clash of Statism, Dictatorship, Communism on the one hand versus Democracy, Capitalism, Socialism on the other. LEFT AND RIGHT WING RADICALS One distinction may be noted be tween Communist strikes and regu lar union strikes. The Communist strike generally seeks political ben efits. (Crusades for political issues or capitalist sabotage), while the union strikes are primarily con cerned with wages and working con ditions, and a desire to improve them. If wages are not the reason for a strike, look for CP somewhere in the background. The swift changes in CP line can be read in the Daily Worker. Gems of Thought pOR every social wrong 1 there must be a remedy. But the remedy can be nothing less than the abolition of the wrong. —Henry George. There’s a better man behind an honorable failure than there is behind a dishonorable suc cess. The world would be both better and brighter if we could dwell on the duty of happiness, as well as on the happiness of duty. We can well afford a seem ing sacrifice for the right, be cause any other side is a losing side.—Ben Franklin. Everyone excels in some thing in which another fails.— Publilius Syrus. CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT BUILDING MATERIALS MAKE your own concrete blocks. Perfect block made quickly. 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