Postwar Confusion Exists in Orient
Courteous Japs Kow-Tow
To Victorious Americans
News Analyst and Commentator.
WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W.,
Washington, D. C.
Recently, I had two experiences
I ran into my colleague, Kenneth
Romney Jr., son of Kenneth Rom
ney Sr., sergeant
Strategic serv- Baukhage
* Casually, he told me how he land
ed in Shanghai. He had been serv
ing in China. Shortly after V-J Day
he was ordered, along with some
hundred other American officers
and soldiers, to Shanghai. It was
known there were no Chinese troops
in the city. Shanghai had been in
Japanese hands since the beginning
of the war. The civilian population
had become none too co-operative.
Hence, the Americans (even the
“cloak and dagger” boys) arrived
in full battle dress.
Their plane landed, and little
brown men came forward toward
them. The Americans had their
rifles at “ready.” Some fired. But
the Japs, undeterred, came for
ward, bowing deeply, smiling. It
was a Japanese ground force, ready
and anxious to service the Amer
Later came Jap officers with a
whole fleet of limousines. The
Americans were guests, not con
querors. The conquered enemy
were hosts—not just the conquered.
They offered to find accommoda
tions and the trimmings. A little
confusing, the Americans thought,
★ ★ ★ ★
Commentator Has Full Mail Bag
For one whole week, I saved all
the things that came to me by mail
which I hadn’t asked for—except
personal letters. I have just counted
them, and there are 233 separate;
pieces in all. The total number of
pages I am expected to read adds
up to nearly a thousand.
The one on top is “the back of
the book” from Omnibook. A col
lection of amusing stories. But Om
nibook itself is better still and I be
lieve I have every issue, begin
ning with Vol. 1, No. 1.
Next comes “News From Swed
en,” a mimeographed collection of
featur-y paragraphs from the Amer
ican-Swedish News Exchange. I re
call when the Swedish minister here
consulted me about the founding of;
such a publicity bureau, back be
fore we got into World War I.
The next is one of the UAW-CIOj
regular releases, and then the CIO;
News, a 16-page weekly, printed, I:
suppose, for their membership.
Then one of the valuable National
Opinion Research surveys put out
by the University of Denver. This
one is a poll of American opinion
on the Germans and Japs and how
we think they got that way.
More Business Weeks, and “Pro
gram Information” from my own
American Broadcasting company. A
printed letter from the Payroll
Guarantee association with an en
closure on “civilized cats, mice and
cheese.” The American Feed Man
ufacturers’ association handout say
ing the feed shortage is over.
General Motors sends me the
ninth in a series of production re
ports. (What could have happened
to the other eight?)
The release from the National
Planning association announces that
Leon Henderson and the official
of a big corporation have been add
ed to their board of trustees—and
if you want to know about the dis
tribution of fats and oils by the de
partment of agriculture, you can
have my copy of the second interim
report from the Committee on Small
Business pursuant to H. Res. 64.
Or Maybe You’d
Prefer Rail Loadinga
Maybe you’d rather have freight
loadings of the week from the As
sociation of American Railways, or
I perhaps you want to bid on the pur
chase of 15 or fewer Landing Ship
Tank (LST) type vessels? Or per
haps you’d prefer some all-wool
American flags, or a BK steel barge
for dry or liquid cargo? No? Well,
no harm in making the offer.
Next exhibit is “News From
France” from the French Informa
tion service. I’ll admit I asked for
that, along with the attractive mag
azine, “La Republique Francaise.”
) Here’s the state department’s
| weekly bulletin which is Part Three
jof that interesting series on the
present status of German youth. I
was planning to write an article on
that subject myself, but they tell
me the magazines are overbought
[on Germany. Won’t buy andther
but that was, after all, the Orient-
China, another world. . . .
Now the scene shifts to Washing
ton again. I witness the meeting
of a husband and wife. Plenty of
such meetings these days, still. It
was touching. The man had dropped
out of the Far Eastern skies. It
seemed only yesterday that I had
heard he was in a city in the Neth
erlands Indies where the American
corporation he represented had one
of its great plants. He was the first
American to visit it since the terri
tory had been won back from the
But had it been won back?
When I heard his story, I won
dered. It seems that when he
reached the gates of the American
owned plant, he found a Japanese
on guard. He identified himself. In
a few moments, a smiling and bow
ing Japanese officer, still wearing
most of his uniform and speaking
understandable English, appeared.
They began a tour of the prop
erty, the Jap most deferential but of
fering no word of explanation or
apology for the fact that he, a late
enemy, was in charge and not in
jail. In fact, the Jap was very lo
quacious on the subject of the ex
cellent work that he and his helpers
had done to put the plant back into
repair and operation.
He showed my friend the various
places where the buildings and ma
chinery had been damaged—evi
dence, he pointed out, smiling, of
the excellent marksmanship of the
American air force. He dem
onstrated with particular pride how
excellently the repair work had
been done, obviously expecting (and
receiving) well-deserved praise for
the technical skill the Japanese re
pairmen had shown.
Very nice, of course.
But American industry still reaps
no benefit from that plant, and al
though the Japanese gain no profit
therefrom, this American property
is still, literally, in the hands of the
Just two pages of mimeographed
material from the “Friends of Finn
ish Democracy.” Cruel irony here.
Remember when it was “brave lit
tle Finland”? Remember when
Finnish Minister Procope couldn’t
go anywhere without being applaud
ed? Finland paid her war debts!
She even managed not to duck aft
er the war! Well, Finland’s friends
are protesting now over the repara
tions demanded by Russia . . . heav
ier in proportion to population,
they say, than are any other na
tion’s. To pay the reparations bill,
the statement claims, every man in
Finland would have to work eight
hours a day for seven years.
Here’s a speech by Senator Taft
! from his office, “not printed at gov
ernment expense.” Stuck together
is a news-print pamphlet called the
j “Poll Tax Repealer,” and that blast
: from the Republican national com
! mittee on the President’s budget
message. A very neat little book
let (additional copies will be fur
nished) by Standard Oil of New Jer
sey, entitled “Steps to Security.”
Now a tissue carbon labeled “Mid
night Cry” with a series of Biblical
texts shrieking doom. Seven fa
miliar bright yellow pages from the
National Highway Users associa
tion, which is one of the real, hard
working publicity bureaus.
Now we come to an attractive 12-
page tabloid newspaper, “The Pro
gressive and LaFollette’s Maga
zine.” I am glad to note it is still
progressive, regardless of the
changes in the LaFollette activities
and proclivities. The first page has
a nice cartoon of a garbage can
labeled “War contract scandals.”
Looks interesting, but WAIT A
MINUTE. I think they want me to
PAY for it. Here’s a return card
saying “25 weeks’ subscription, sl.”
Oh dear. It must have gotten
into the wrong pile. I’m not going
to look any further. I might find
more of that kind.
Careers End but Not U. S. Pay
WASHINGTON. Although their
careers as lawmakers on Capitol
Hill are over, many of the con
gressmen who won’t return in Janu
ary can remain on federal payrolls
by qualifying for pensions.
At least 57 congressmen have end
ed their service, 36 of them quit
ting voluntarily and 21 having been
defeated in their campaigns for re
Beginning next year, congressmen
who have served long enough and
pay the minimum assessment can
start drawing retirement pay as do
other former federal employees. It
will range from $1,500 to upwards
of $7,500 a year.
Retiring congressmen Who have
reached the age of 62 and have met
MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN. MD
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TAKE ME ALONG, PLEASE . . . While Leo Peters of New Hyde
Park, N. Y., checks the motor of his 1911 Ford for the motorcade of
ancient automobiles to Detroit in revival of the Glidden tours, a nosey
horse takes a gander at what’s going on. Dobbin probably has some
interesting thoughts about the gas buggy that squeezed him out of
Two U. S. Notes Presage
Firm Stand in New Rifts
U. S. Stays Tough
If the Russians sought to test
American temper on their aggres
sive postwar diplomacy, they re
ceived ample indication that this
country would stand fast on a stiff
ening of its principles.
Even as the state department pep
pered Russia and its satellites with
strong notes, four U. S. cruisers,
six destroyers and the giant aircraft
carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt hov
ered in the Mediterranean, joining
the British fleet in an impressive
show of strength.
Yugoslavia—Strongest U. S. ac
tion was taken against Tito’s Com
munist-dominated Yugoslav govern
ment for shooting down two unpro
tected American transport planes
which strayed off their course while
en route from Austria to Italy.
Lashing Belgrade for shooting at
the defenseless planes of a friendly
nation, the U. S. demanded release
of fliers of the stricken craft within
48 hours or threatened referral of
the case to the United Nations
with Yugoslavia charged with ag
gressive acts. Ridiculing Belgrade’s
reference to the incidents as "un
happy accidents,” the U. S. stated
the attacks were deliberate.
Convinced that the U. S. wasn’t
fooling, Tito ordered release of the
fliers and hastened to tell American
newsmen that he had commanded
his armed forces to desist from fur
ther attacks on planes.
Dardanelles—With the Rus
sians backing up their demand on
Turkey for joint control of the Dar
danelles straits connecting the
. Xv ' '
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sRK glglill | Safe
'• M H
ANOTHER SOLUTION . . . Head
room in a section of one of the
bombers offered for sale by army
air forces at Chanute Field, 111.,
for use of home-seekers is dem
onstrated by a girl employee.
the other qualifications can start
getting the checks with the start of
1947. Younger men must wait un
til they are 62.
Pension provisions of the new
congressional reorganization law
show that some of the national fig
ures who have gone down to defeat
in this year’s primaries can have
old age security if they meet re
Briefly, these requirements are
that they have served six years
and that they deposit with the re
tirement fund a minimum back pay
ment of $2,674 to cover the last five
years. If they wish to make larger
back payments, they can obtain
pensions up to three-fourths of
their total average pay while in
Black sea with the Mediterranean
with a show of military strength in
the surrounding territory, the U. S.
warned Moscow that an assault
upon Turkish soil would be consid
ered a threat to world peace.
While rejecting Russia’s proposal
for joint control of the vital water
way with Turkey, the U. S. indicat
ed its willingness to participate in
a conference to revise existing reg
ulations and expressed agreement
with the Soviet on these points:
1. Merchant ships of all coun
tries should be allowed to use
2. Warships of the Black sea
powers should always be al
lowed passage through the
3. Special permission should
be needed for passage of the
warships of other powers
through the straits.
in counting ballots, censorship re
strictions and persecution of non-
Communists, the U. S. note to War
saw accused the Russian-dominat
ed government of violation of its
commitments to hold free and un
To achieve such elections, the U.
S. said, fullest freedom must be giv
en to such parties as the Polish
Workers, Peasants, Labor and So
cialists. Further, representatives of
those parties must be granted po
sitions on electoral commissions;
local results must be announced
and adequate appeal provided for
_ Warning that the U. S. will have
little time for preparation before
the next war, army and navy mem
bers of the services’ industrial col
lege issued a 37-page report outlin
ing tentative plans for economic
mobilization in event of hostilities.
Elaborate groundwork for M-Day
would be laid during peacetime
under the plan. Headed by the
President, a national security coun
cil would formulate diplomatic and
military policy; a resources board
would develop policies for control
ling wartime economy; a central re
search agency would co-ordinate
scientific work, and a civilian plans
board would fit together the activi
ties of the various groups.
In addition, a national intelligence
authority would furnish planners
with necessary information; a for
eign resources board would evalu
ate the requirements of countries
aiding our economy, and a public
relations agency would keep the
public informed on mobilization
Complementing the services’
work, Donald M. Nelson, former
war production chief, will undertake
a civilian study of economic mo
bilization at the request of President
t Under new law, 71-year-old Repre
t sentative Hatton W. Sumners (Dem.,
• Tex.), chairman of the House
judiciary committee, who is retir
' mg after 17 terms, appears eligible
' for the largest pension if he wants
! By paying in $2,674, Sumners can
i receive approximately $6,300 year
■ ly. If he ups the ante on back pay
ments, he can increase that amount
! only slightly, because congressmen
i received only $7,500 yearly pay dur
■ ing a large part of his tenure.
With a similar $2,674 payment,
s Sen. Burton K. Wheeler, defeated
■ for Democratic renomination in the
i Montana primary, can draw about
f $4,900 yearly. A like amount is i
i available for Sen. Henrik Shipstead
(Rep., Minn.), also defeated.
By Paul Mal lon
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
CIO’S ‘WAGE BOOST’ POLICY
FORCES INFLATION ON US
WASHINGTON. - Phi] Murray
called in his CIO union directors
for what was supposed to be a re
planning of the economic, if not the
political line—and who would not?
The news behind the news is be
coming so plain it is beginning to
show through. The transparency of
recent events has been rather ob
Consider, for no more than a few
moments, the salient news of the
day upon which the CIO directors
were gathering together their be
longings to attend the supposed re
planning. The Packard Motor com
pany reported its first half-year re
sults upon that day. As CIO is pri
marily an auto workers union, no
report could be more important for
Mr. Murray’s consideration. It
Packard netted a loss on op
erations the first six months of
this year of exactly $2,590,158.
Last year it earned $1,064,450 in
the same period. The loss this
year was attributed by the com
pany to the auto and steel
strikes for higher wages (in
creases were granted to the ex
tent of about 20 per cent). Pack
ard was typical of the motor
and steel industries. Thus
under ordinary circumstances
you would expect a depression,
or recession, or at the very least
certain strongly deteriorating
economic consequences to flow
DREW ON RESERVES
These were avoided because the
company used its reconversion
funds and reserves to hold its final
net profits at or near the usual fig
ure. If dividends had been cut, the
amount of money going out to stock
holders would be less, and conse
quently there would be that much
less to be spent in the flow of the
economy. The companies, then,
have paid great sums for the
strikes, mostly from their reserves
and funds, but the economic conse
quences of the strikes have luckily
been avoided because they had
this money available.
But on the very day preceding
the foregathering of the CIO
leaders, the OPA announced a
price increase for automobiles,
on the apparent ground that
the companies could not be ex
pected to make money at the
old prices in view of the in
creased cost of labor, materials
and what not. The prices of
Packard were Increased more
than the average. It’s cheapest
car was moved up in the list
price from $1,510 to $1,624 (about
sll4, or 7.5 per cent), while its
highest list price auto was
jumped from $2,654 to $2,863
($209, which is about 7.9 per
Here then is where we are. No
ledgerdemain (and I do mean
ledger) is necessary to figure it out.
Several price increases have al
ready been granted. Another is re
ported to be in prospect, although
I do not have any information con
cerning that. The forces of infla
tion are so strongly and unmis
takably at work no one can pre
tend to avoid or ignore them. But
Packard stock is still selling
around $9 which is hardly in
flationary. We have had strikes,
losses, have eaten up reserves,
have increased costs of materials
and workmanship, have held some
lines, and some of the CIO lead
ers have thought the way out is to
start the thing all over again with
more strikes for another wage in
crease, which will help force an
other price increase —a process
which would surely be ruinous be
cause it would spread economic
waste as if by whirlwind.
CONTRAST WITH RUSSIA
The AFL could give the CIO
bosses some interesting infor
mation which should serve as
a warning. The Labor Monthly
Survey for August has collect
ed recent news reports,
penetrating the Russian cen
sorship, and shows these facts:
Average wage in a Stalingrad
steel plant as late as this July
was $64 a month and in a trac
tor factory SB2 a month. The
AFL composer of that collection
of material on Rusisan wages
and prices reported: “Automo
biles, radios at home, bathtubs,
vacuum cleaners and other
things the American worker en
joys daily are nothing but
• * *
Results in the primaries were not
so startling as many commenta
tors tried to indicate. Take Mis
souri, for instance. This is a state
with an historically inquisitive na
ture. Mr. Truman won there, de
feating an opponent in a district
adjoining his own. The defeated
opponent, Rep. Roger Slaughter,
signalized the tragedy by a sharp
denunciation of what he called “an
: alliance” between the CIO politi
cal action group and the Demo
cratic national committee.
Dees your mixing bowl move
away from you under the beat
ing and stirring you do? Set it on
a damp cloth and it will remain
steady. A tea towel works fine for
Wear can be distributed on
large and small-sized rugs by
turning them around from time
Cutting one-fourth-inch notches
in the edges of bacon or smoked
ham with the scissors will keep
'it from curling when cooking.
Children should have some time
for rest before each meal. Before
breakfast and supper they can sit
quietly and look at books until
the meal is on the table, but at
dinner time, after they have
been playing hard all morning,
they should lie down to rest for
about 15 minutes.
Go over your scuffed white
shoes with the beaten white of an
egg. This pastes the broken
pieces down and fills the spaces
with a transparent filler that can
scarcely be noticed.
BUSINESS & INVEST. OPPOR.
A Profitable Business for Von. Lav-More
Interlocking Concrete Block Machines
available now. Delaware Industries. Mun
FARMS AND RANCHES
191 ACRES. 8-rm. house, barn and out
buildings. Good farm, grazing and timber
land. Located along Capon River. Ideal
for lodge or camp. Hunting, fishing, etc.
Electric avail. $5,500. See M. HOOK
(Owner), Capon Bridge, W. Va.
300 A. MODERN dairy, truck, grain farm
on paved road. Felton, Delaware. Sale in
cludes 126 clear, 174 timber; 6-room bung.;
large barn; milk house with electric pump.
Cooler, milkers, etc. 14x40 Marietta silo.
28 purebred Holstein cows and heifers, hen
house for 1,500 broilers. Tractor, truck,
woodsaw, all farm equipment & machy.
$6,000 worth crops growing. Poss. immed.
C. L. SIPPLE - Felton. Del.
NEW JERSEY FARMS—Country Placet.
26 ACRE FARM. Excellent soil for truck
ing, 5 acres irrigated. 400 ft. frontage Del
tea Drive. 30 miles Camden, near Newfield.
Marvelous opportunity for roadside mar
ket. Splendidly planned bungalow with 6
rms., bath, new piped hot air heater. Good
well. elec. pump. Garage, poultry house.
Sacrifice price $12,000. No inflation. E. A.
PETTIT. 700 Cedar Ave., Pitman. N. J.
Phone Pitman 3-0638. Open Sunday.
FARM MACHINERY & EQUIP.
New Garbick High Speed Rubber Tired
Farm Wagons, $165. With brakes. $lB4.
H. G. HORNING & SON, R 1, Port Royal, Pa.
AUTO MECHANIC. 50-50 Basis, high guar
antee, 44 hrs.: paid vacation and holidays.
Lowry Ford. 100 Bethlehem I ike, Phils.
EDUCATIONAL SERVICE for the physi
cally unable to attend school. Write C. B.
RIDDLE. P. O. Box 442. Washington. D. C.
ART IN ADVERTISING highly paid pro
fession. Two year course starting. Rooms
available. Approved G.I. bill. TERRY
SCHOOL OF ART. Miami 35. Florida.
SEEDS, PLANTS, ETC.
Lilian. IMnn], large bulbs. 3 for 31.10.
Reg !. • ,*lv white, hardy. 5 for (1.10
GLAD 14/ 1 GARDENS - Yardlev. P*.
You Can Be a Partner
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May Warn of Disordered
Modern life with Its hurry and worry.
Irregular habit*, improper eating ana
drinking—its risk of exposure and inten
tion —throws heavy strain ea> 4he work
of the kidneys. They are spt to become
over-taxed and fail to fitter extern add
end other impurities from the life-giving
Yon may suffer nagging backache,
headache, alexin ess, getting ap nights,
leg peine, swelling—feel constantly
tired, nervous, ell worn out. Other signs
of kidney or bladder disorder are some
times homing, scanty or too froqusai
Try Doan’s Pills. Doan's help the
kidneys to pass off harmful excel* body
waste. They have had more than hall n
century of public approval. Are recom
mended by grateful users everywhere.
Ask your neighbor/
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