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THE j,[MIDLAND JOURNAL
rvaUMib ntaT rtuoiT wmmra n BBOB. ■■oni m non onwn iabtuuid Blln< as IkoK CUm Matter it Port Offlea la lUatnc Ban, Maryland B>4r iit of ConproM of March t, lIT* mmnHnn in politics Aim aia other iouboti TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION ORB TEAR, Ilf ADTANCR .... fI.SO SBX MONTHS ...... fl.oo THREE MONTHS ..... JtO IIIOU COPT, B CENTS AJDTRRTISINO RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION 4 Foreign Advertising Representative "!• i Foreign Advertising Representative I THL AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION | j THE AMERICAN f-RESSASSOCI A1 iON J FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 0, 1940 LIABILITY INSURANCE Increases averaging 10% on Bod ily Injury Liability and 29% on Pro perty Damage Liability have been approved by the Maryland Insurance Department, according to an an- ( nouncement by Lawrence E. Ensor, t Insurance Commissioner. c The new rates are effective Sep- i tember 1, 1946. i The new rates reflect the continued ( unfavorable loss experience due to ( rising accident frequency since gaso- 1 line rationing was lifted last August, 1 and the higher average cost of claim settlements. i Insurance company officials main- 1 tain that Property Damage claims, mostly involving damage to automo- i biles, have risen more than. 80% over ! the pre-war figure, and that personal i injury settlements are up 27%. Be- i cause of the difficulty in obtaining spare parts, higher labor costs, and ( the more serious nature of accidents involving the abnormal number of old and mechanically defective cars on the roads, it is likely that there will be a further rise in claim costs. It has been stated that the average age of cars in use is over eight years. “The insurance industry,” accord ing to Commissioner Ensor, “is con cerned at the outlook on their auto mobile writings because of the rising trend in both accident frequency and claim costs,” and continuing, Com missioner Ensor said, “If we are to hold the line against increased insur ance rates, it is imperative that the accident rate be lowered so as to off set the inflationary costs which must of necessity increase the overhead of the companies. In the future, the public will make its own rates. If we have fewer accidents and the com panies enjoy a favorable experience, rates will be lowered. If however, costs increase, the rates will likewise have to be increased.” At the same time Commissioner Ensor also announce tdat theh Work men’s Compensation rates submitted by the National Council on Compen sation Insurance have been approved. These rates call for an average re duction of .8%. ■■ ■ o INCOME TAX Talbot Speer, Baltimore and Anna polis publisher, has issued a state ment supporting the proposal to sub tract Federal income tax payments in computing Maryland income taxes. “Regardless of the politics of pro ponents or opponents,” says Mr. Speer, “and regardless of whether the tax will be needed depsite present suprluses and increased revenues from races, it is neither fair nor just, to rich or poor, to exact a tax upon a tax. Thousands of Maryland workers are paying state income tax on money they never received, or money that the Federal government has already deducted from their pay envelopes. On the other hand, the Federal gov ernment permits the taxpayer to de duct the amounts paid in state taxes, and does not require a tax upon a tax. Maryland should do no less than reciprocate this fair principle.” Mr. Speer rejects the argument of some, that if Maryland refuses to tax the money paid to the Federal gov ernment the latter will take more. He says: ‘‘The Federal tax is entirely too great and should be reduced, but It is certainly unfair for the state to add to what is already an injustice. American success is due to the incen tive principle, the encouragement to do better and thus gain more reward. This tax upon a tax kills incentive and does harm to all.” Further commenting on the Feder al tax burden, Mr. Speer says, “The people of Maryland paid the Federal government more than a billion dol lars last year in income and excess profit taxes. This is the seed-capital of the State’s industry. It would have been used for expanded factories, new businesses, and increased pay rolls.” “Reduction of Federal taxes, how ever, or even a reduction of state taxes, has nothing to do with the is sue involved here. By objection is to the levying by the State of a tax upon % moneys which the Federal govern ment has taken from the taxpayer at Its source. It was not really income, and should not be taxed as such.” The Methodist Church is endeavor ing to increase the membership of its church schools by 500,000 pupils and i the number of -teachers required to instruct them. In seven months of i this year they report an increase of I 288,827 pupils, and the Council of < Bishops believe the goal will be < reached during the coming fall ( months. s o - ( Alaskan seals are on the increase t gad some are also on the back. < LAUDS STATE NEWSMEN FOR PART IN KEEPING PEOPLE INFORMED Discussions .planned for the forth coming assembly of the United Na tions in New York this month, con cerning the issue of world freedom of information, will undoubtedly have great interest for the people of this country, Governor Herbert R. O’Con or told members of the Del-Mar-Va Press Association, meeting at the At lantic Hotel, in Ocean City. Emphasizing that the one factor in American life even from the ear liest times which has influenced the American people to maintain a deep interest in the affairs of Government has been the free flow of information made possible by the American Press, Governor O’Conor declared that if he is convinced that every American to day feels that the world will be vastly .mproved by an unhampered flow of public information in all countries. “The hope of an enduring interna tional peace will be more speedily realized, I am convinced,” Governor O’Conor told the newsmen, “if the free expression of information which has always been possible here in America is extended to cover the en tire world. “I definitely believe that only those who have something which they wish to keep from public view, whether they be individuals or rulers or na tions, could object to such an unre stricted dissemination of news. The greatest ally the United Nations sould have in accomplishing their ob jective of world peace and under standing would be the approval of and the acceptance of the program of the American Society of Newspaper Editors for unrestricted flow of infor mation.” The Governor paid tribute to the publishers and editors of the State for their part in keeping the people of Maryland informed of the doings of Government. “From the very out set of this administration,” the Gov ernor declared, ‘‘we have made every effort to make available to our citi zenry news concerning the intents and the accomplishments of the State Administration. I believe that the result has been that people in all sections of the State are more con versant now with the doings of the State Government than has ever been the case in the past.” o TIME TO INSURE WHEAT Maryland farmers have until Sep tember 28 to apply for Federal Crop insurance on wheat they expect to sow this fall, Joseph H. Blandford, State PMA Chairman, has announ ced. No insurance on the 1947 wheat crop can be obtained by the Maryland farmers after that date. Farmers should contact their local AAA office to sign their application for insur ance protection. The crop insurance contract guar antees a maximum insured produc tion of 75% of the average yield for the farm against all unavoidable hazards, such as winter kill, hail, drought, insects, plant disease, exces sive rains and many others. The neg ligecne of the farmer is not insured, which is in keeping with the crop in surance plan of providing insurance protection for workmanlike farmers at low rates. Wheat crop insurance is becoming steadily more popular among Mary land farmers. Since 1939. when wheat crop insurance was first offer ed, participation in Maryland has risen from 1085 farms to 5045 farms as of 1946. In 1939, only 8% of the wheat acreage of the State was cover ed by insurance. Today over 30% of the entire Maryland wheat acreage is covered by all-risk crop insurance. The reason for the popularity of wheat crop insurance throughout Maryland can best be described in che words of one Maryland farmer, who-put it this way: “I can always spare a few bushels of wheat for the premium during the good crop years, but during the bad years I can’t af for to take a heavy loss. So I put it aside during the good years when I can easily spare it and then collect it during the bad years when I med it badly.” Do yon have candles or candle stubs lying around the house? And would you be willing to have them sent to Europe where countless homes are without any light what ever? The United Church Service centers have sent out an appeal for quantities of candles and stubs to send with other relief articles to Eur ope. They may be sent to the Center at New Windsor, Md., or to any cen ter nearer your home. THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER fl, 1946 DESTRUCTION AND RECONSTRUCTION By J. E. Jones Washington, D. C., September 2 Americans were very proud as recon version from production crowded its way to the top when the war started. Automobile factories added airplane plants and made hundreds of new ar ticles. Shipbuilding and' arms and munitions boomed. The farmers pro duced more than an extra billion bu shels of wheat a year and also upped corn another billion bushels. Lest Ye Forget: The United States rescued the British Isles, saved Rus sia from defeat and drove enemies out of the heart of Europe. And at the same time the wars in the Paci fic were won by Americans, without very much help from others —except Australians. During late weeks our people have been very much discouraged over the prospects of World peace. But we do feel proud of the magnificent efforts that have been made by dur Big Three. Secretary of State Byrnes and Senators Vandenburg andi Connally. Nevertheless, some of the best Wash ington authorities in the field of jour nalism insist: “There is no peace.” Time will tell the international story —but it is black these Fall days. No sooner had the war been brought to victory than reckless la bor leaders—not the workers—block ed reconversion of automobiles with strikes. Coal, railroads, steel follow ed. The American public is forced with an automobile shortage that may last for several years. Military establishments will be maintained at a very high cost to the taxpayers. That means that taxes are not liable to come down very much and maybe not at til. The probabilities are that public works, including new roads and the repair of old ones, and lower costs of building materials, will be delayed for many years to come. A World Court Once upon a time we had a World Court, and it was going so strong that it bumped into European stone walls and lost its life. Australia proposes an internation al ‘‘court of human rights.” Sounds like a very noble proposition. How ever, this Washington writer after having attended a press conference where he listened to Associate Jus . tice Robert H. Jackson, Chief Ameri , can Prosecutor at the Nuremberg i trials 1 elate among other startling . things, that Germany planned to de . stroy all of Europe, remains skepti ■ cal. Jackson showed how every tnove ; rnent was planned before the war • was started. The new World Court would have the right conferred upon it to fix the > death penalty, next time, the very day that the next war starts. > Old documents were approved by s Hitler, and they contained instruc . tions to destroy all of Europe up to . the English channel and' then hop r over and destroy Great Britain. Even . the United States was listed for final 5 destruction. > Other documents, with which the t United States Government is familiar 1 show that Russia was also planning . to tear loose and help carry on a part > of the performance charted by Ger ! many. ** * * Closed Books If you haven’t kept up with the ling lists of reports about the Pearl Harbor investigation you may be in j terested to know that Adimiral Kim , mel and General Short were found to be mostly to blame. President Roose ’ velt and Secretaries Hull, Stimson, t and Knox were reported to be as in- I nocent as babes in their cribs. s You might just as well let it go ; tat whay inasmuch as the books have been closed. •* • • Amateur Financiers The New York Stock Exchange is • dancing jigs in market prices. There s is a lot of lazy and crazy money , around nowadays and some of the - people who are throwing it away - might do worse than to buy a few , shares of stock. Many stocks will re - main good, while more issues will ) slump, and l stay down. A dozen years i ago, most people came out of the stock markets acknowledging that ; they were not only amateurs, but ■ foolish adventurers. Those people i who are still alive learned their les ■ sons in the amateur Held, and with i out any attempt to smear the market i they are almost unanimous in believ i ing that you can’t make easy money . that way unless you know how. Who : knows how? i o ABOUT LABOR There is nothing wrong in princi ' pie with organized labor as such nor with the working people who belong to the unions. However, when the 1 unions become dominated, as many 1 of them are by arrogant, selfish, communistic-mindied leaders, then it is time for the public to take the sit uation in hand and give the people a fair deal. These arrogant labor leaders must learn that the public will not stand to go without food, clothes, cars and conveniences while labor walks the streets when they should be working —as most of us do. It’s time to put these communistics minded men in their place and if the members of the unions cannot cope with the situation the Right to Work measure is the answer. —Ex. Kobe, Japan, taxes outsiders when they enter the city. Pkiladeplhia tax es outsiders even when they don’t leave home. 1 1 1 * -■ ' * *. v I 1 ■' 'V MODERN ? THINK BEFORE YOU ACT! If you're planning on a streamlined, work-saving electric laundry, then tackle the arrangement now, in the blue print stage. Decide exactly where you want the electric water heater, washer, clothes drier and ironer, and deter mine how much space they will take. f Have your electric outlets conveniently located, and be sure to include enough shelves and closets for your freshly ironed linens right there in your laun dry room. And insist on good, modern lighting at all your work centers. CONOWINGO POWER COMPANY * “Where your treasure is” MANY a small boy playing with a burning glass has conducted a simple yet significant experi ment. Taking the glass and a piece of wood into the broad sunlight, he has focused or concentrated the sun’s rays on the wood until enough heat has been generated to enable him to burn his initials on it. Later in life he may bring to bear all his powers, faculties, and activities on one course of action and the attain ment of a predetermined accomplish ment. This time he is focusing thought and energy and recording himself, not with initials burned on wood, bu* as a citizen of the world, either useful or otherwise. When time and attention are thus directed to the attainment of a spe cific objective, it is of vast impor tance that the objective be a worthy one. The directing of all one’s ef forts toward a single end is actually consecration, for it is equivalent to dedicating one’s life to a single pur pose. Considered in this light, how necessary is a careful appraisal of what one’s life is consecrated to. Consecration, in the usually accepted sense, means dedication to a holy purpose, or serving God. If honest examination shows that effort is be ing centered on something that is not Godlike, then a revision is at once in order. But to the one concentrating on earning a living and supporting a family, the dedication or consecra tion of life to God may not appear feasible. Yet the world’s greatest example of true consecration, Christ Jesus, pointed out in his Sermon on the Mount that seeking God first will HOMES FOR HOMEFOLKS Homes for veterans were so much in demand in the last six months that 225,000 of them were finished —this special class of houses having been given priority. Due to the building boom more than half of the houses that were started were not finished principally because of soaring prices of material and labor. Most prospec tive homefolks have decided to join the “waiting list” instead of digging in head-over-heels in debt. The big cities are, quite as usual, crowded with people from everywhere, and kouse-builidng is not near as popular as house-hunting—or “if you haven’t got it have you a spare room you can let us have.” Be it ever so humble— what’s the difference for awhile. Ten thoucand dollars for a new home for the family of a veteran is an outrageous price. The real estate sharks started in three years ago to make fortunes out of building and selling new houses, and at the same time boosting the price of the land upon which these houses were to be erected. The fact that the Govern ment is backing loans for houses has been helpful to the real estate sharks. Nevertheless ordinary houses are selling for three and four times more than they should cost. COAL CEILING PRICES INCREASED Ceiling prices for all solid fuels ahve been increased 1 to meet require ments of the new Price Control Act. The dealer Increases are 30 cents a ton on retail sales to consumers for athnracite, coke, Bernice semi-an thracite and Virginia semi-anthracite and 18 cents a ton on retail sales to consumers for bituminous coal, lig nite, briquets, packaged fuel and all miscellaneous solid fuels except Ber nice and Virginia semi-anthracite. surely bring to mankind everything that is needful. In the closing verses of the sixth chapter of Matthew it is made abundantly clear that the thing to be naught is not material wealth, but spiritual understanding. “Where your treasure is,” said Christ Jesus, “there will your heart be hlso.” The devotion of thought and ef fort to the understanding of God means consecration to the things of Spirit. It is mankind’s prime respon sibility. Speaking of this in the Christian Science textbook, “Science and Health with Key to the Scrip tures,” Mary Baker Eddy says (p. 261), “Good demands of man every hour, in which to work out the prob lem of being.” That this is neces sary is made abundantly clear for she continues: “Consecration to good does not lessen man’s dependence on God, but heightens it. Neither does consecration diminish man’s obliga tions to God, but shows the para mount necessity of meeting them.” ... The need for obedience to the de mand of good that every man “work out the problem of being” has never been greater than it is today. The rapid development of human inven tions, notably in the airplane and radio fields, has made this world of many nations seem to shrink in size, and it demands a new kind of inter nationalism. As never before, each individual today is a citizen of the world, with greatly enlarged respon sibility to his fellow men. His is a moral obligation calling for both concentration and consecration in attaining that spiritual understand ing of God which the world must have to cure its i 115.... The Chris tian Science Monitor. Auto company will try to hold the line. Assembly or price? It can now be revealed that the plates of te Chhina Bible House in Shanghai, “missing” during the occu pation period, were hidden by agents of the American Bible Society and were not in any way damaged. They have now been placed in the hands of the Rev. Ralph Mortenson, the So ciety’s China Secretary; and the So ciety is shipping from America three carloads of paper on which a new edi tion of the scriptures in Chinese is to be issued shortly. There is a great de mand for the Bible in China and this will help meet some of the need. o Des Moines, lowa, is the place, and July 23 t 027, 1947, are the dates for the 21st International Convention on Christian Education which is being sponsored by International Council of Religious Education, whose presi dent is the Hon. Harold E. Stassen. It is expected that the Convention will bring together from all over the world, some 10,000 volunteer Sunday school teachers, superintendents, ministers and officers. Due to the war conditions, no convention has been held since 1938. One of the aims of the gathering, according to Secretary Roy G. Ross, will be to ‘‘arouse the public’s conscience to the necessity of giving Christiain education central place in modern culture." 8 LITTLE CHILDREN DOOMED TO SLEEP While their mothers stand by and pray, two little girls and a boy strick en with a billing scourge are slumber ing away their childhoid. Read about this pitiable case in the September 16th issue of THE AMERICAN WEEKLY Nation’s Favorite Magazine With the BALTIMORE SUNDAY AMERICAN Order From Your Local Newsdealer LANDLORDS MUST ADHERE TO RENT REGULATIONS Waite Rr. Heath, Maryland OPA Rent E>ecutlve, states that his office had received numerous inquiries con cernin:; a report that a blanket rent increase was to be permitted in the near future. “This matter,” he said, “is one which will be settled at the National Office and up to this date, we have received no information as to what — if anything—is contemplated in con. nection with such an increase. . Mr. Heath said that “because var ious organizations made an effort to have Congress grant an increase in rent when the renewal of the OPA bill was being considered, some false impressions have been formulated. We are continually being asked by landlords and tenants whether or not such increase has been granted. “It is incumbent upon landlorsd and tenants to adhere to the current regulations and to charge no more than their current ceiling rentals at he present time.” He called attention to the fact that .he U. S. Emergency Court of Ap peals had denied, in a test case, land ,ord's application for a 15 per cent increase in rentals. The court held that landlords’ income, because of maximum occupancy and the fact that certain competitive expenses are no longer necessary, are now greater than in the pre-war years. SCHOOL LUNCHES AVERAGED 18 A YEAR t A report by the U. S. Department of Agriculture on Community school lunch programs for 1945 records that 6 (155,458 pupils in 43,480 schools participated. The Federal contribu tions amounted to $47,844,000 and the funds contributed' by States and Icoalities are estimated to have been the equivalent of about $76,000,000, or an average of more than $1.50 for each Federal dollar. This averages about $7 per pupil a year in Federal funds and about sll per pupil fur nished by States and localities. Un der the newly enacted School Lunch Act the States are required at the outset to share 50-50 in the support of the program, although service and equipment in lieh of cash may repre sent the State’s share. In 1945, on the average, the local funds more than "matched” the Federal aid. The five States that led in the number of pupils enrolled in the community school lunch program in 1945 were: New York, 537,639 pu pils receiving $3,048,000 aid from the U. S. Department of Agriculture; Southi Carolina, 386,593 pupils and $2,320,000 aid; Texas, 375,200 pu pils and $3,141,000 aid!; Georgia, 342,379 pupils and $2,565,000 aid; and Illinois, with 336,000 pupils and $2,504,000 aid from the Federal funds. ———' ■—o Federal spending did not mean so much 1 to the ordinary citizen years ago. His federal taxes were then rela tively light. But now the people of Arkansas, like those of other states, pay more taxes to the Federal Gov ernment than teyh pay to their state and all local governments. This makes federal spending a matter of urgent concern to every worker, bufsinesman, industrialist, and farmer. It involves even more—a great deal more—than the taxes we pay to Washington. It affects our liv ing costs, uor freedom of enterpirse, our opportunities to find jobs.