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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, September 13, 1946, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060136/1946-09-13/ed-1/seq-2/

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'Business As Usual' on Capitol Hill i
[Busy Washington Knows
No Rest Even in Summer
By BAUKHAGE
Netvs Analyst and Commentator.
! WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W.,
Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON.-As soon as La
bor Day is passed the business
world settles
Baukhage toon^y^Herblock
‘ which the Wash
ington Post permits me to repro
duce, you will be sure we sleep.
But don’t let Herb spoof you.
True, it did seem that way for
awhile but actually this summer it
was pretty much “business as
usual” in the Capitol, the house
land senate office buildings, the of
fices of the White House and the
state department and other execu
tive branches of the government, to
say nothing of Washington’s marts
of trade, limited in comparison to
other cities though they may be.
Government isn’t all congress, and
the President and Washington aren’t
all government.
A year or two ago, William Kip
linger, gathering material for his
book, “Washington Is Like That,”
stood in front of the Willard hotel
at Pennsylvania ave. and 14th street
and asked 20 people going by who
they were and what they did. Of the
20, only five worked for the govern
ment and none had jobs which were
interrupted (except by vacations) in
the summer any more than in any
other season.
I have no idea how many mem
bers of congress or members of their
staffs go down to the Capitol to work
every day in the summer months
but many offices on the “hill” are
open. The regular departments are
as busy as they ever are. The
very week that the cartoon came out
showing “Congress gone home,” a
sign on the White House door,
“Back Labor Day," and another on
the state department, “Gone to Par
is,” the state department was mak
ing public two of the most impor
tant communications it has dis
patched in many a day. One was
the ultimatum to Yugoslavia pro
testing the shooting down of our
planes and the other was the re
fusal to accede to Russia’s demand
for joint control of the Dardanelles.
At the same time, the investiga
tion of the war surplus sales was
going on; the other investigation
into war contracts had just closed
and the department of justice was
i taking up the work where the Mead
committee had laid it down, and the
decontrol board of the OPA was
holding hearings in preparation for
its first and highly important de
cision which put controls back on
meats and other products.
These were only a few of the ac
tivities—not to mention the bubbling
campaign kettles assiduously at
tended by political chiefs behind
closed kitchen doors.
No, Washington doesn’t hibernate
in the summer. Herblock’s concep
tion of General Jackson, chin on
chest, hunched up against his horse,
like a lazy pup, is pure poetic li
cense.
Herblock probably chose that par
iticular figure for contrast because
:tt is one of the most belligerent
statues in Washington. Jackson sits
; there in Lafayette park, across from
the White House, (as he does in New
, Orleans) waving his saber, his rear
ling charger with its front feet paw
ing the atmosphere. And I imagine
that if “Old Hickory” were here in
this hectic period, his old flesh,
blood, powder and brimstone self,
he would have charged right up to
the state department steps when he
heard of American planes being shot
down in Europe.
The United States has gone a long
way toward world leadership since
the year 1781 when a little, 14-year
old boy named Andy Jackson, along
with his brother “continentals” was
fighting the armies of the greatest
nation of the day—Great Britain.
Andy’s two brothers were killed and
he was captured but he lived to
turn the tables when he led his
“long-rifle” heroes to victory in the
battle of New Orleans, 31 years
later.
"Old Hickory” must be a little
confused as he gazes across to the
White House, beyond it to the Po
tomac and the Pentagon and be
yond that and the Atlantic to Eu
rope today.
As I pass Lafayette park in the
twilight these days I seem to hear
him rattling his sword and saying:
“When these United States were
in their swaddling clothes we re-
fused to let the greatest nation of
the earth interfere with our sailors
on the high seas. Who is this im
pertinent upstart who shoots our
soldiers out of the air?”
Let us hope, even if Andy sleeps,
that his spirit doesn’t.
* * •
Profits or Wages —
Which Come First?
Recently I received a postcard
saying: “Thought OPA was sup
posed to reduce prices, not increase
them.” It was signed “Dumbbell.”
Well, a lot of us dumbbells
thought that was what it was for.
But when congress tore OPA to bits
and then reshaped it nearer to its
heart’s desire, it laid down specific
orders for raising prices. The law
was written on the logical theory
that you can’t expect a farmer to
raise, or a manufacturer to make,
things that cost so much in the rais
ing or the making that there is no
profit in the game.
Who is to blame for high prices?
The manufacturers who made so
much out of government contracts,
or the workers who got higher
wages for making the things the
government needed? If you know
which came first, the hen or the
egg, you know the answers.
• • •
A new rival of DDT has been dis
covered which not only kills pests
but keeps them away for a week or
10 days. Of course, I wouldn’t com
mit murder but I know a lot of
pests whose absence for 10 days
would be a Godsend.
GET YOUR SHARE?
Per Capita Income Hits Peak
WASHINGTON. Average per
capita income in the United States
reached an all-time high of $1,150
in 1945, a department of commerce
report discloses.
The figure represents an increase
of 2 per cent from the 1944 level of
$1,133 and a gain of $575 per capita
over the 1940 level.
Wages and salaries, income from
unincorporated businesses and
farms, net rent, dividends, inter
est, royalties and other items such
as veterans’ benefits, military and
dependency allowances are comput
ed in the per capita income pay
ments.
New York Leads.
New York led the states with a
MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN. MD.
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LEADS DOG’S LIFE . . . It’s not only the children but also the school
teachers who occasionally must lead a dog’s life as schools reopen
in September. Unable to And a home for himself, wife and four young
children, Roger K. Poole, new superintendent of Templeton, Mass.,
schools, pitched a tent on the high school grounds. Trailer is used as
kitchen; army pyramidal-style tent has six cots.
NEWS REVIEW
Trouble Flares in Greece;
Yet Housing Gets Boost
GREECE:
Big Stakes
Greece forged to the front of the
troubled European picture as the
scene of the latest tug of diplomatic
war between the western allies and
Soviet Russia.
Working boldly to establish su
premacy throughout eastern Europe
and adjoining Asia Minor, Moscow
recalled Amb. Konstantine K. Rod
ionov from Greece as a mark of
displeasure against the holding of a
plebiscite to return King George II
to his throne.
Because Britain, supported by the
U. S., favored both the restoration
of the monarchy and the Populist
party government now in the saddle,
Russia’s move really was pointed
against Anglo-American policy. The
presence of 40,000 British troops in
Greece has acted as a lever against
a Communist inspired seizure of
power, and the visit of U. S. war
ships to Grecian waters before the
plebiscite was seen as a gesture of
friendship for the rightist regime.
The tussle between the Anglo-
American and Russian blocs in
Greece is for big stakes: A govern
ment friendly to the British would
assure them of a toehold in the Bal
kans and an advance base for the
Near East and Suez canal, while
Russian domination of the country
would result in complete Soviet
hegemony in the Balkans and a pro
tected flank in the event of trouble
in Asia Minor.
HOUSING:
Aid to Vets
In ordering a 27 per cent reduc
tion in commercial building and
channeling greater
amounts of materi
al to new housing,
sought to increase
the construction of
new dwellings and
er Wilson W. Wyatt
W. W. Wyatt and Civilian Pro
duction Administra
tor John D. Small worked out the
new controls after the building in
dustry had warned of a serious bog
ging of the whole emergency hous
ing program for vets.
Leaving a meeting with govern
ment officials prior to the announce
ment of the new program, Joseph
Myerhoff, president of the Nation
al Association of Home Builders, de
clared that the industry had failed
to get the flow of materials neces
sary for the completion of 200,000 to
300,000 homes under construction,
and that the shortages have length
ened the construction time from 3
to 4 months to 9 to 12 months.
With Small agreemg to the trans
per capita income of $1,595. Mis
sissippi was low with $556.
There was relatively little change
from 1944 to 1945 in the per capita
income of the various states. South
Dakota with 16 per cent recorded
the largest increase and Michigan
with 6 per cent the greatest de
cline.
The 1945 income payment by
states:
Connecticut, $1,449; Maine, $1,051;
Massachusetts, $1,321; New Hamp
shire, $971; Rhode Island, $1,268;
Vermont, $1,023.
Delaware, $1,381; District of Co
lumbia, $1,361; Maryland, $1,212;
New Jersey, $1,373; Pennsylvania,
$1,199; West Virginia, $839.
fer of all housing control to Wyatt,
the government in
stituted sweeping
directives to an
swer the wide- feT 5
spread complaints. f.
Non - residential tSjnkt - j
construction was Hfejf
cut back from over |
48 million dollars
weekly to .'ls million
dollars to divert Hn&fl
more materials for
home building. J. D. Small
Twenty - seven
more materials, including stoves,
linoleum and light fixtures, were
added to the list of 25 already sub
ject to vet priorities.
MEAT:
Production Incentive
Taking advantage of the new OPA
act empowering him to set live
stock ceilings, Secretary of Agri
culture Anderson called for substan
tial boosts in cattle and hog prices
to encourage feeding this fall and
to assure adequate supplies of beef
next winter and spring.
Declaring that prospects pointed
to plentiful supplies of feed grains
this year, Anderson stated that it
was necessary to bring stock
prices in line with feed costs to spur
farmers into fattening stock. Other
wise, he said, large numbers of lean
animals would be butchered, creat
ing a serious shortage later.
Anderson’s recommendation for a
boost in the cattle top to $20.25 per
hundredweight, Chicago basis, and
in the hog ceiling to $16.25 ran
counter to OPAdministrator Paul
Porter’s desire to establish prices
around the old level of $lB and
$14.85. As a result of the boosts, re
tail ceilings were scheduled to rise
from two to eight cents on beef and
about three cents on pork.
*
Sr Sk J 8
SAFE—IN MOTHER’S ARMS .. .
A refugee mother, her face bear
ing the strain of years of oppres
sion, holds her sleeping child as
ship docks in New York harbor
bringing 852 passengers from
Greece, Palestine and Egypt.
Alabama, $700; Arkansas, $564;
Florida, $996; Georgia, $745; Ken
tucky, $735; Louisiana, $785; North
Carolina, $732; South Carolina, $633;
Tennessee, $813; Virginia, $903,
Arizona, $918; New Mexico, $812;
Oklahoma, $889; Texas, $917; Illi
nois, $1,360; Indiana, $1,152; lowa,
$1,109; Michigan, $1,212; Minnesota,
$1,061; Missouri, $1,063; Ohio,
$1,289; Wisconsin, $1,161.
Colorado, $1,100; Idaho, $1,054;
Kansas, $1,113; Montana, $1,172;
Nebraska, $1,117; North Dakota,
$1,123; South Dakota, $1,083; Utah,
$1,023; Wyoming, $1,096.
California, $1,480; Nevada, $1,243;
Oregon, $1,266; Washington, $1,407.
News/^
Behind!!.
the/MS
b y PaulMallon^^
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
YUGOSLAVIAN INCIDENTS
PART OF REDS’ PLAN
WASHINGTON.-The Tito claim I
that the killing of American air pas- !
sengers was “an unfortunate acci
dent” offered an imposition upon
the intelligence of an imbecile. It
was a step in Russia’s “peace of
nerves” program, a step which went
too far.
The “peace of nerves” which Rus
sia has been conducting against
western civilization is not new, and
made no one nervous. The devices
used were first invented by Hitler
and Mussolini. As any important
questions came up internationally,
the Nazis and Fascists created dis
turbing incidents in order to threat
en and weaken their opposition, thus
to win easier concessions. Such dip
lomatic tricks are really as old as
Machiavelli, yet the innovation of
utmost pressures was contrived
only by the modern totalitarianists.
The recent haggling, nagging and
rattling of nerves according to plan
evidently is designed to weaken
Anglo-American resistance to Com
munist demands and to promote the
cause of appeasers among us who
wish to give the Communists every
thing they wish. These appeasers
do not realize the nature and pur
pose of the attack which is to make
us surrender the peace of the world
to Communism. They do not realize
that such surrender will only lead to
larger and larger demands—as was
our experience in dealing with Hit
ler and Mussolini.
WHAT’S BEHIND IT ALL
Any fair mind can see this so
plainly as to bring the point beyond
the possibility of contradiction. Be
hind these developments are the fol
lowing facts:
The air is free over our zones.
Commercial planes and mili
tary transport may travel peace
fully there. But the air is closed
in Russia, and by Russia in ev
ery nation in which she is in
fluential in the government.
Permits to travel must be
sought in her zones, and these
are seldom granted. When al
lowed, restrictions are imposed
as to time and occasion. Russia
and her satellites, like Yugo
slavia, are completely isolation
ist in the air as on the ground.
That is why these incidents can
occur to us—but not to their
planes.
The nerve-pressure incidents are
whooped up by the Russians and
their satellites in various available
ways. You may recall that one of
our embassy men in Moscow was
charged with “hooliganism” (unde
fined specifically) against a Russian
girl. Moscow made as much of it
as possible, although immunity is
the rule with foreign diplomats on
our side. The Yugoslavs have been
crossing the line and kidnaping
some people (not Americans) back
into Yugoslavia where they disap
pear. From our mission in Ro
mania, a girl employee suddenly
disappeared. It developed she had
been jailed with no charge filed, but
our diplomatic people were not al
lowed to communicate with her. An
other male employee of ours there
(a Romanian) was arrested at his
home and convicted without a pub
lic trial. In typical Nazi ways, the
Russian zones practice grimaces
continuously at our diplomacy.
With affronts to fairness which
are almost laughable, Russia sim
ilarly demands entry in the United
Nations for her Outer Mongolia, but
opposes entry for Britain’s Trans
jordan or Eire. When the Paris
peace conference opened, the Com
munist dictator of tiny Albania for
tified it in a bristling way, which
naturally had no effect—upon the
Trieste situation, which his act was
supposed to influence.
RUSSIA WANTS DARDANELLES
But what made the Yugoslavian
development even more serious
than its surface indications were the
private reports available to official
dom here that the Russians planned
to move against Turkey and take
the Dardanelles. Her soldiers on
the Turkish border had started fir
ing in the air over the Turks in
recent days, even as the rockets
from her part of Germany had been
flying over the Swedes (the rockets
brought an immediate answer in a
large Swedish loan to Russia).
Now Russia does not need to
fortify the Dardanelles, unless
she expects to go to war against
Turkey. She has no navy of
consequence, but what she has
may operate with free passage
in and out of the Black sea).
Our note rejecting her de
mands for fortification could
hardly have been otherwise than
firm, as we could hardly be a
party to a plan for her to seize
the territory of neutrals for pur
poses of fortification by her.
This added grimness to the Yu
goslavian tragedy. If Russia
invaded Turkey and took the
Dardanelles (as she can do at
any time because she has more
troops there) she thereby would
create the first threat to world
order since the war and offer
the first real ease for the D. N.
Gemt of Thought
A NYBODY can become angry
** —that is easy; but to be
angry with the right person,
and to the right degree, and at
Ithe right time, and for the right
purpose, and in the right way—
that is not within everybody’s
power, and is not easy.—Aris
( totle.
Progress without effort is impossi
ble. Any number o / persons are
anxious to reach the top—providing
they can get there without climbing.
We drank the pure daylight
of honest speech.—George Mer
edith.
An intense hour will do more
than dreamy years.—Beecher.
CLASSIFIED
DEPARTMENT
BUSINESS & INVEST. OPPOB.
FOR HALF—Tourist Court, large main
house, 8 pottages. All year business on
Atlantic City Highway. 385 It. frontage.
Well established. Price $45,000. A visit
will convince value. Write
BOX P. O. 17 - LAKEWOOD. N. t.
FARMS AND RANCHES
825 ACRES, B-rm. fr. hs.; dairy barn, 30
head; yielding over SO,OOO clear yrly. Bar
gain nt SIB,OOO. Exton Realty Co., Ex
ton. Pa.
HELP WANTED—MEN
AIJTO MECHANIC. 50-50 Hnsis. high guar
antee. 44 hrs.; paid vacation and holidays.
Lowry Ford. 100 Bethlehem Pike, Philo.
HELP WANTED—WOMEN <
FEMALE NURSES and attendants want*
ed for small private sanitarium for nerv
ous and mental patients. Good opportunity
for competent girls. RIGGS COTTAGE
SANITARIUM. I jams ville, Md.
WANTED HOUSEKEEPER, middle aged,
white woman to care for small home and
infant. Small town. 70 miles from Balto.
Complete maintenance and salary. Write
T. S. N., 208 Investment Bldg.
Pittsburgh - Pennsylvania.
HOME FURNISHINGS U APPL,
NEVER-RUST WIRE CLOTHES LINE.
SOLID bright aluminum wire. $1.25 hun
dred ft. postpaid. Cash with order.
8. A. COHN Sc BRO. Hazleton. Pa.
INSTRUCTION
Microscope 250 power ready made, $4.95.
Telescope 6/ a ft. long, easy to make, all
optical parts, instruc.. $4.95. Leerman’a
Lab., 2840 Oakley Av., Baltimore 15. Md.
LIVESTOCK
REGISTERED GUERNSEY bull calves
from dams now on advanced register test
sired by good advanced register bulls of
top breeding. Prices S4O up.
WOODVALE FARMS - Tarboro. N. C.
MISCELLANEOUS
16 MM FILMS. SOUND. SILENT. Special
discount. Rental: Sound program $2.50,
silent $1.25. GPO. Box 000, N. Y. C„ N. Y.
WANTED TO BUY
WANTED—FROM OWNER. Good small
estab. businags.* Gen. store, stationery
and conf. Small hotel with bar. Particu
lars. P. O. Box 5, Sylvania, Pa.
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