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rUBLIIHBD ItTEHT FRIDAY MORNING BT E'UvTXISra- BBOS. Mill m CECIL COUNTY MARYLAND BiUnl as Bacond Class Hatter at Port Offloo In RWlnsr Bun, Maryland Under Ant of Consroaa of Mareh I, IS7 INDEPENDENT IN POLITIC* AND ALL OTHER MUBJBCTM TURKS OF MUBSCRIFTION ONB YEAR, IN ADVANCE • !• MX MONTHS ------ 91.00 THREE MONTHS ----- AO SINGLE COPY, S CENTS ADVERTISING RATBS FURNISHED ON APPLICATION . I'oreittn Advertising Representativi ] j Foreign Advertising Representative | THt AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION ] j THE AMERICAN T'RESS ASSOCIATION ! FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 14fl THOSE POSTWAR DREAMS There are signs that the honey moon era for the veterans of World War II is drawing to a close. There is nothing specially new in this con dition. History is merely going through its regularly appointed busi ness of repeating itself. Nevertheless, it is a disappointing experience for the veteran who was absent from his country during those long dreary years of the war. Consider the things that most vit ally affect the veteran now. He wants a job. He wants a home. He wants to go to school. The Supreme Court rul ed out his claim for seniority in job opportunities. Congress has done nothing positive to correct this situ ation. So that one out of six veter ans wanting a job who hasn't found one is sweating it out as a member of the 52-20 club. When it comes to locating a home the situation is desperate. Great things were expected when the Wyatt housing program devised to build 2,700,000 homes in a hurry was an nounced. But those expectations have not been lived up to. Mr. Wyatt has announced that 406,000 homes had been started this year up to the end of May. That is a long way from what the veterqji had expected. While labor and supplies have not been available for housing construction, there is a great amount of both going into commercial building. The veteran is also finding it tough to secure the educational training that was interrupted by his service during tire war years. Here the Gov ernment has made partial provision. But the program bogs down because there is insufficient housing, or in spflicient teaching personnel and equipment, or a combination of these factors, and the veteran finds it diffi cult to enter the school of his choice. These considerations should indi cate to the veteran that he has need of the organization that will work ceaselessly for his betterment, which is to say the betterment of the Na tion, since the veteran with his fam ily conecntions, now is a majority of the population. The American Legion is an organi zation composed of more than three millions of veterans of the last tw r o major wars. In season and out it has a record of accomplishments in the community, State and Nation that is beyond compare. As opposed to the do-gooders and the fly-by-night groups who promise a lot—and actu ally do very little —the Legion offers a sound program for the citizen who, just now, is a little dubious about his status as a veteran., WHY SAVE FAT? The more fat you save in the kit chen, the more soap you will have for the laundry, the dishwashing and for the bathroom, advised Miss Mar garet McPheeters, foods specialist of the University of Maryland Extension Service. Copra and cocoanut oil supplies from the Pacific are climbing back up in volume of supply, but our stocks of fats and oils are still near the dan ger point for many months, she said. Total production of oil seed crops this year is lower, with a drop in flaxseed, and we still need every drop of salvage fat now just as we did in wartime. Industry as Well as homes, requires huge amounts of fats, and kitchen fats add a considerable amount to the nation’s slim supply. Fats that go down the drain of the kitchen sink, or into the garbage pail are still a needless waste of an essential commodity in peacetime, Miss McPheeters said. Use all the food fats carefully, to prevent waste at the table, then salvage all that cannot be used longer as food. o The Archbishop of Cincinnati, the Most Rev. John T. McNicholas, O. P., S. T. M., recently made a statement relative to federal aidi for education. U. S. Representative Charles A. Buck ley, who favors federal aid for all schools in need thereof, placed the Archbishop’s statement in the Con gressional Record Appendix. The Congressman said: “The Federal Gov eminent should not restrict its assis tance to public schools alone.” Many thinking persons in this country will not agree with this Con gressman or with the Archbishop, be cause it is apparent that providing funds for all schools, including pri vate and parochial schools, is_a step toward the union of Church and State; and history has shown that we are better off in this country under a system based on the separation of Church and State. ' .. o . - Average cost of driving a motor car a mile in 1902 was 18 cents; by 1938 it had dropped to 3.1 cents. GAINS FROM SOIL CONSERVATION “Many things make me more opti mistic over the future of soil conser vation in our own country, and in the world as a whole, than I have ever dared to be before,” said Dr. H. H. Bennett of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, chief of the Soil Conser vation Service, ini a recent address. Number one among them is the fast growth and good accomplishments of soil conservation districts. The many beneficial results of soil and water conservation, which we have measur ed repeatedly, prove the soundness of this way of agriculture as nothing else could. Thousands of sstatements and reports from farmers bear this out. “Especially significant, I think, is that the most rapid growth in dis tricts, the most extensive applications of soil conservation practices on the land, and the most gratifying reports of benefits all have come during the busy war and postwar production years. “In the reports of more than 9,000 representative farmers and ranchers throughout the country who keep books on their operations, we learn ed recently that the average annual production of all major crops had in creased by 3 5.7 percent per acre as a result of using soil conservation practices. An increase in production I even approximating this reported in crease would amount, for the whole country, to almost equal to the discvoery of a new continent with a lot of good agricultural land on \t.” SET 1047 WHEAT GOAL Maryland's fall seeding of wheat for 1947 harvest should total about 400,000 acres, according to the goal for needed farm production of this food grain as recommended by the Maryland U. S. D. A. Council and ap proved by Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson. This wheat production needed in Maryland is above the 371,000 acres seeded last fall and harvested in 1946, but is below the previous year’s production of 409,000 acres harvest ed in 1945, according to Joseph H. Blandford, State PMA Chairman. Continued demand for food ship ments abroad in 1947, plus the low stage of feed reserves in this country means that more wheat is needed in 1947 Maryland farm production esti mates. This means that the state goal for 1 wheat is somewhat larger than it will be in later years, when feed supplies are more normal, and the use of land for soil building crops instead of grains can be resumed. At the same • time, for efficient livestock produc- I tion in Maryland in 1947, the U. S. ■ D. A. Council called for more pro : duction of grain to make Maryland i farming more self-sufficient. Full production of forage crops and pas i ture for livestock feeding, however, i is even more important than grain [ production in Maryland. The great need for more feed crops . in Maryland is shown by the fact that i Maryland’s state goal for wheat is up i while the national goal for wheat, of p 71,720,000 acres, is slightly under i the 1946 harvested acreage. The goal for rye to be planted this I fall in Maryland and harvested for : grain has been set at 20,000 acres, Mr. Blandford added. . o ! The fat salvage program of war years made possible 13 per cent more soap for civilian use. Since fats and ; oils still remain scarce, each family should continue to salvage fat, to . help improve the supply of soap on its own grocer’s shelves. i A new chemical is now available to retard sprouting of potatoes, carrots and other tuber and root crops in winter storage. This is expected to save loss of a large amount of such food crops w r hich sprout and shrivel during the storage months. ■ -o Even in the best of crop years, some farmers lose a crop of grain due to hail, rain, flood, drought or some other cause. Wheat insuracne i now available through the AAA pro tects the farmer from this heavy financial loss by crop damage. A Michigan service station went on 24 hour operation as a service to anglers at the opening of the fishing season in the state and reported a sales increase of 7,000 gallons of gasoilne in a month. o The number of unfilled orders on the books of the oil-burner manufac turing industry now stands at more than half a million units. THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1048 3 HATS OFF TO FARM MACHINERY By J. E. Jones Washington, D. C., September 9 The Department of Agriculture pre dicts that the farming situation is about to pass through an “unprece dented break with the immediate past.” It calls attention to the fact that the production of farms is stead ily increasing—in some sections of the country almost by leaps and bounds. The present record lias been reach ed without significant expansion in the acreage andi despite insufficient labor. The farm machinery output climbed 13 percent in 1945, says a statement by the Department. That’s the answer! The OPA and other agencies made a mess of rationing farm foods. Near ly every family was unable to buy food at the grocery store or the meat market. All kinds of American ma chinery was being shipped overseas —and most people didn’t need to be told that this program interfered with eating at home, and in hotels and restaurants. Proudctiou has increased due to farm macinhery. That has made it possible for the farmer to dispose of most of his work animals and pro duce larger crops with less farm la borers. ‘‘The shift to mechanical power,” the Government report says, “made available about 55 million crop acres, or about 15 per cent of the available cropland for the production of mar ketable commodities.” -* * “Peace In Our Time?” The most destructive war in his tory of mankind ended one year ago this month—or did it? To millions of young Americans who answered the call of their country and to many more millions who waited at home the unconditional surrender of Japan meant that at last the World could have the peace it had paryed for dur ing the long years of war. Then ene mies—italy, Germany and Japan had been so soundly and thoroughly defeated that they would be impotent for many years. The only countries capable of waging war were the vic torious Allies —and it was unthink able that any of them wanted more war. Yes, the picture was very rosy in August of 1945, but how that picture lias changed in the short space of one year! The Allies who fought su well side by side for four years now lind it hard to agree on what day it is. Out of the war the United States and Russia emerged as the two great est powers on earth. With these two Nations cooperating in keeping the World peace, the possibility of an other global conflict in our time seem ed extremely remote. But it soon became evident that Russia had no intention of cooperat ing with the United States, the Uni ted Nations, or anybody else. Confer ences have been held in San Francis co, New York and Paris and each time Russia has provoked the rest of the World with a contentious atti tude. In order that the United Na tions would not fail before it got started we allowed Russia to have its own way repeatedly. Now voices are being heard throughout our coun try awakening the people to the dan ger of this policy of appeasement and demanding that it shall not continue. Recently in a speech entitled, “Let’s Demand Peace,” John Steele, National Commander of The Ameri can Legion, stated: “It is high time we became hard boiled about or determination to have lasting peace through international teamwork. Let’s quit vacillating. Let’s quit making all the concessions. Let’s get off the road of appeasement. It can only lead to disaster. We tried that with Hitler, Mussolini and Tojo.” Most observers believe that Russia is bluffing, that the Russians are as fed up with war as we are. Howeve.r a feeling is growing among our ex- Gl's —the peace-loving young men who brought the mighty Axis mili tarists to their knees —that if Stalin intends to enforce his unreasonable demands with might—let us have that showdown now. Was the war really ended a year ago or has this interlude been merely the seventh inning stretch? REPATRIATION PROGRAM Coloned Turner R. Sharp, com manding officer of the Philadelphia Quartermaster Depot, emphasized the importance of cooperation by next of kin with the War Department’s pro gram for the return and final burial of American overseas dead in World War 11. The Philadelphia installation is one of the strategic distribution points in the Repatriation Program, handling the return of bodies in Pennsylvania, Southern New Jersey, Maryland, West Virginia, Delaware, and Washington, D. C. Colonel Sharp said that the Phila delphia Quartermaster Depot will en deavor in every way possible to as sist next of kin to obtain desired in formation concerning the program. As the program is getting under way, according to plan, letters of no tification and inquiry will be mailed to next of kin in the near future. An swers are requested as soon as pos sible after receipt. Colonel Sharp poinetd out that changes in home addresses are fre quently made without notifying the Office of The Quartermaster General. This results in a prolonged search for those interested in the return of the deceased, Colonel Sharp explained. OPA seems to have as much trouble reducing as most people. j ( f:\LOOKING tlj AHEAD MhTKRv GEORGE $. BENSON President—Harding College ■ Searcy. Arkansas u. The Third “R” For a short while before my first day at school, and for several weeks after, I heard a great deal of con versation about the three R’s of education. My elders seemed to expect me to think it was very fun ny that the three It’s should stand for reading, writing and arithmetic. It left an impression, to say the least. I still know that education includes some variety. One of the things about modern education that dismays me is the fact that students don’t pursue the three It’s long enough. They are at liberty too early to ignore one of them—the last one. Figures are dry at first and a lot of youngsters drop mathematics. High school 'reshmen have learned to say “it’s only a waste of time to study things you don’t like and will never use.” Ignorance Is Costly “What you dop’t know doesn’t hurt you,” is rubbish. Certainly what you don’t know does not do you any good. Truly an actor may draw a fabulous salary for years and die in debt. Tales are told of artists and musicians who can’t balance their check stubs. Their ignorance of math did not make them better artists. It would be like saying liquor made Poe a poet, or that harems make great kings. A national poll might show that millions of Americans don’t know what it means to balance the budget. It wouldn’t be surprising; most of us don’t even have a per sonal budget, we live so easily and well. But our national budget needs to be balanced. People who try to laugh that off don’t know what it means or, worse yet, would wel come national bankruptcy os a step ping stone to revolution. What Does It Mean? Balancing a budget, whether it is a family budget or a national budget, means keeping a safe rela tion between income and outgo. The inevitable result of spending more than we get is debt, bankruptcy and loss of credit. That’s just another way of saying “loss of our good name and the respect of our neigh bors.” When we stop paying our debts and start breaking our prom ises, that’s loss of credit. Uncle Sam is on his way to that social level. He has not reached it yet, but when he does it will be too late to save him. Now is the time to balance the national budget. I was never so proud of my home state as when the entire Arkansas delegation in Congress, senators and representatives, went on record in March as .favoring a balanced na tional budget. That’s practical statesmanship. Read These Truths “A balanced federal budget can be accomplished in the next fiscal year if congress will meet its full responsibility and adopt a pro gram of economy. By considering each appropriation bill in the light of its effect on total necessary ex penditures, we can hold the cost of government within the annual reve nues collected. . . . The time to be gin is now.” So said the statement. Habitually spending money we do not have can’t help but lead this nation to collapse, and nothing worse could happen to the world’s economic welfare. Think of the war functions now idling along; of the men whose energies might be trans ferred to the credit column. In every locality there is uncounted waste that should be and can be transformed into a bit of thrift. AIM FOR MORE LIVESTOUK New ceiling prices for livestock, in cluding the new ceiling, Baltimore basis, of $16.80 per hundred pounds for hogs, are aimed to help famrers to improve production- of meat for next year, following the heavy liqui dation of underweight meat animals which took place during the uncon trolled period of prices in July and August. Maryland farmers are being advis ed this year to produce more meat for their own use at home, as well as to produce up to the limit of their available feed supplies for market, said Joseph H. Blandford, State PMA Chairman. The new' ceiling prices, below the prices of the uncontrolled period, are set high enough to encourage more production to meet expected needs, he added. The old ceiling on hogs, Baltimore basis, was $15.40. On cattle the new ceiling of $20.25 per liundre.d in Chicago, plus the dif ferential in Baltimore, is consider ably above the old $lB ceiling plus a subsidy of 50 cents a hundred to the feeder. Ceilings on dressed lambs will run to about sl9 a hundred pounds, Chicago basis, or about $1 more a hundred than before. With feed more plentiful, the higher price is expected to result in heavier feeding and great er meat production, with a price for finished animals more in line with the higher prices for feeder cattle, andi unfinished stock. An Arab boy prefers a public lick ing to staying out of school. That ought to bar him from citizenship here. o It is estimated that all known re serves of copper in the United States will last 59 years based on the pre sent rate of consumption. o ll©S , an electric eel, So watt ? j i All right, then, he r-eel-y isn’t an eel at all, if you want to be technical. His name’s Elcctrophorus (Gymnotus) Electricus Jim for short. He’s a South American cousin of the carp and catfish. Maybe Jim does pack a wallop of 600 voits when he’s hungry or annoyed (and he has a shocking temper!) BUT Can he wash 3 tubs of clothus? Or fell the correct time f/jjV j. for 4 days? /jf M/ O* 1 light a hundred-watt bulb /M * or ® i,°urs— km f° r ° penny^ You bet he can’t. He’s not usefully eel-cctrified. Frankly, you’d better flip a switch if you want convenient, dependable electricity all you need at low cost. And speaking of low cost did you know that the average family is getting twice as much electricity for its money as it did 20 years ago? That’s no accident like Jim and his temperamental voltage. Folks in this company have done a good job under sound business management. That’s why your electric service is lower in cost and higher in efficiency than ever before. * Enjoy "THE SUMMER ELECTRIC HOUR" with Anne Jamison, Bob Shanley, The Sportsmen, and Robert Armbruster's Orchestra. Every Sunday afternoon, 4:30 , Eastern Daylight Time , CSS Network, 5 j UH-Ula —U Conowingo Power Company STATEMENT OK POSITION WITH RESPECT TO CECIL COUNTY ROADS Our County needs a sound progres sive road building and maintenance program. Such a program should con • tain the following points: ' (1) Transfer to the State Road sys tern of all County roads which pro perly constitute a part of that system - as rapidly as is practicable, thus re lieving the County of financial re ' sponsibility for this road mileage. (2) Maintenance of County dirt 1 loads in a state of practical useful ness by proper drainage and lasting economical repairs. (3) Improvement by grading and hard-surfacing County roads of as great mileage each year as available ’ funds will permit. (4) Avoidance of wasteful, un ’ stable repairs by having all road ’ work performed properly with the use of good materials and properly’ protected adequate drainage. (5) Strict application of all tax . funds collected for road building and . maintenance to those purposes only. j (6) County Commissioners with j authority and responsibility to effec ■ tively and economically promote the . County road program. . The adoption and successful pro . motion of such a program will re [ quire strong support in the Legisla ture of Maryland. My vigorous sup . port for this program is assured if I ; am returned to the Senate of Mary j land. JAMES W. HUGHES Candidate for State Senator Published by authority of Albert G. Buckworth, Political Agent , 9| l3| 2t A Moslem was stabbed in India just after he had been named to the cabinet. Over here it would have been about a week before anybody got . around to knifing him. o Little birds in their nests eat 200 to 300 meals a day, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Despite the fact that they have a rather mo notonous diet of worms, the nestlings often eat more than their own weight each day. -o It would be difficult to get the girl to smile who is selected to be Miss Paris Peace Conference. I Government request that more onions be eaten requires your best friend to co-operate if be is not to j suffer. ; A Kentucky entrant was found too young to be "Miss America” but the committee imay still learn that it’s i easier to put on age than beauty. j TB AFTER 40 Because tuberucolsis takes the highest death roll of any disease among young people from 15 years of age on, it is often thought of as a young people’s disease. Actually, tuberculosis belongs to no age group. It may strike any age, though pulmonary tuberculosis is comparatively rare between the ages of 5 and 15. The fact that tuberculo sis is not a disease of youth alone is proved by statistics which show that ''more thanffialf of all the deaths from tuberculosis occur among persons 40 years of age and over. People who die of tuberculosis af ter they reach the forties may have contracted the disease in their young er years or they may have caught it in their more mature years. Tuberculosis is caused by a germ and anyone who is exposed to the germ may get the disease, regardless of his age. Years do not create im munity to the disease—there is no immunity against tuberculosis un less it is a healthy body, strong enough to resist disease when germs invade the body. One of the reasons that so many of the tuberculosis deaths occur among people of 4 0 years and over may be that the disease was not discovered early enough for treatment to be un dertaken successfully. Tuberculosis seldom has outward symptoms in its early stage. The germs work quietly at first and great damage may have been done by the time the symptoms are apparent and the disease is discovered. Tuberculo sis can be cured, but it is easier to cure in that early, symptomless stage. If the disease is allowed to progress until one lung is badly damaged or both lungs are affected, it is difficult to arrest the disease. There would be fewer deaths from tuberculosis if the disease were al ways discovered in its early stage. And it can be discovered before the outward symptoms appear by means of a chest x-ray. Eveyrone 15 years of age and over shoudl have periodic chest x-ray ex aminations. If everyone did form the habit of having x-ray pictures taken of the lungs at frequent intervals, cases of tuberculosis would be found before it is too late for successful treatment and deaths from tubercu losis would be greatly reduced In the next artille, giving the child a healthy start in school will be dis cussed. This column is sponsored, in the interest of better health, by the Mary land Tuberculosis Association, 900 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Md. e Traffic Safety Slogan: Now that school has opened, every mother’s plea is "Drive Carefully,"