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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, November 29, 1946, Image 4

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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
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FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 211, l4fl
IMPENDING CONGRESSIONAL
“STALEMATE"
The impending "stalemate" be
tween the Republican-dominated
80th Congress and President Truman
will be no novelty in American poli
tics, according to the Encyclopaedia
Britannica.
Within the last 60 years, five pres
idents, Grover Cleveland (D), Ben
jamin Harrison (K), Wiliam Howard
Taft (R), Woidrow Wilson (L>), and
Herbert Hoover (It) have all served
a portion of their terms as Chief Ex
ecutive without a supporting party
majority in the House. President
Truman, third Democratic president
since 1893 to find himself opposed by
a Republican House, balances the
three Republican presidents who
have faced a predominantly Democra
tic House, according to Britannica ar
ticles.
Although neither political party in
the 60-year-period has re-elected its
candidate for the Presidency imme
diately after losing' an off-year elec
tion, Cleveland was returned to the
White House four years after his de
feat by Harrison, the Britannica
points out.
In that era the Democrats retained
their House majority for only two
years. In 1894, a G. O. P. House was
elected and the Republicans regain
ed power with William McKinley in
1896, only six years after Harrison
had lose the House.
The Republicans enjoyed a long
period of supremacy until 1910 when
in Taft’s administration the Demo
crats won control of the House, ar
ticles in the Britannica reveal. Two
years later Woodrow Wilson was
elected.
After Wilson's last two years in
office when House was Republican,
the Democrats were unable to elect
their candidate for 12 years, when
Franklin Delano Roosevelt entered
the White House. Roosevelt’s election
followed the resurgence of his party
which controlled the in 1931.
Since Hoover’s term, 14 years ago,
the Republicans have not succeeded
in placing their Presidential candi
date in office.
Despite these so-called “dead
locks” there have been notable pieces
of legislation enacted within the last
40 years during periods when one
party held the Presidency and the
other controlled the House. Recorded
by the Britannica are the submission
of the amendment providing for the
direct election of Senators (submit
ted by Congress, 1912); the statute
requiring candidates for the House
and the Senate to make statements oi
the money raised and spent in their
behalf and limiting the campaign ex
penditures of the candidates them
selves (1911); the provision that all
contract work for the federal govern
ment must be done on the basis of an
eight-hour working day (1912); and
the establishment of the Reconstruc
tion Finance Corporation (1932).
o
TUBERCULOSIS MUST BE
ERADICATED
"Tuberculosis must be eradicated"
was the statement made by Philip S.
Morgan, President of the Maryland
Tuberculosis Association, in announ
cign that the 40th annual tubercu
losis Christmas Seal Sale opened
throughout Maryland on Monday, No
vember 25, 1946.
“The state-wide sale of these seals
furnishes funds to combat this dis
ease which takes the lives of more
than three people everyday," be said.
“Our program is dedicated to the es
tablishment of a community free of
tuberculosis. Money raised is used to
finance Mass X-Ray Surveys, Case-
Finding, X-Raying, Tuberculin Test
ing, Medical Research, Health Edu
cation and Negro Program.
“Science has developed an x-ray
machine which will take pictures
quickly anid simply. This is the new
“Seeing Eye” in discoveirng Tuber
culosis in its early stages when cure
is easiest. Over 100,000 people have
ben x-raye and many more will be
We are going to win this battle
against the germ which is such a
menace to our society. It is every
one’s fight and everyone can share in
the final victory by buying and using
Christmas Seals.”
In his closing statement, Mr. Mor
gan urged everyone to “Invest now
for the future health of their home
and community.”
A giant sequoia tree lived to be
about 1,335 years old on the West
Coast of the United States, according
to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Part
of its trunk is kept in the Natural
History Museum in South Kensing
ton, London.
SOU EXPERT CITES NEEDS IN
MARYLAND
1,000,000 Acres In State ‘Need
Conthir Cultivation,' l)r. Bennett
Says
Estimates based on surveys cover
ing moie than 3,000,000 acres of
land in Maryland show that contour
cultivation is still needed on nearly
1,000,000 acres and cover crops on a
third of a million acres. Dr. Mugh A.
Bennett, chief of the Soil Conserva
tion Service, United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, stated.
Addressing delegates to the thirty
second annual session of the Univer
sity of Maryland Extension Sevvice
and the United States Soil Conserva
( tion Set vice, Dr. Bennett emphasized
six reasons why soil conservation is
obligat jry not only in Maryland but
in the remainder of the nation.
The three day session was held at
the Lord Baltimore Hotel, Balti
more, last week.
Dr. Dennett said the States and
the Federal Government cannot sit
back aud he complacent about soil
conservation because too much re
mains u> be done. In Maryland, for
example, strip cropping is necessary
on 750,000 acres of land.
“It Is A Big Job" ,
“Other practices remaining to be
done in Maryland include building
3,000 or more farm ponds, planting
trees on about 110,000 acres. 60,000
acres of terracing and installing
better drainage systems on nearly
500,000 acres, plus 650 acres of pas
ture improvement,” Dr. Bennett said.
“It is a big job we have to do in
Maryland, all over the United States
and tlnoughout the World. We have
made a good start, though, and, pull
ing together —all of us—we will get
the job done sooner than 1 ever dared
hope we would when this national
program of soil and water conserva
tion first started to unfold.
“My goal, and I believe it can be
achieved with everybody pulling to
gether, is to get the basic practices
applied to the land. It is going to
cost something to do this absolutely
necessary job, but it is going to cost
much more than twice as much not to
do the job.”
Dr. Bennett said conservation, first
insures a stable, balanced and safe
type of agriculture and a steady year
to-year flow of food and fiber to the
market places of the country.
It is balanced and safeguarded to
a very 'arge degree because, for ex
ample, land that is unsuited to row
crops is taken out of hazardous use
and planted to a protective cover of
grass or trees that at once stops ero
sion and makes needed adjustments
between the acreage of crops.
Conservation farming, he insisted,
brings bigger yields, acre for acre, of
both crops and livestock for sale and
home use. Nearly 10,000 representa
tive farmers who keep careful books
on their operations reported an av
erage per-ace grain of 36 per cent
for all major crops after putting soil
conservation practices to work on
their farms.
o
"STOP MEANS STOP”
Under the heading “STOP means
STOP”. Keystone Motorist, publica
tion of Keystone Autimobile Club,
warns motorists that failure to ob
serve stop signs is resulting in many
entirely preventable accidents.
“In lecent weeks,” says the article,
“Keystone observers have become
conscious of a growing disregard for
“stop” signs. Motorists appear to be
irked by the necessity for stopping
for refusal to co-operate in one of the
soundest safety plans ever devised.
“There can be no excuse for acci
idents at intersections protected by
'‘stop” signs. All that is needed is
strict observance of the injunction to
stop, and a cautious appraisal of
traffic conditions before proceeding
There are many ’stop’ intersections
which probably should bo protected
by traffic signals, but until such time
as these can be installed, the careful
motorist will give heed to signs—and
live!”
The present American housing con
ditions are not an emergency and
most of the prices fix6d for veterans,
civilians, widows and oprhans and
the general public are rackets. From
a thoroughly reliable source there
comes a statement that 85 percent
of the veterans seeking homes cannot
afford to pay the prices. Civilians are
in the same boat—they can’t pay
{15,000 for a $7,500 house. What’s
the matter with housing?.
The first government life-saving
stations, which were just boat houses
were erected along the coast of New
Jersey in 1848, according to the En
cyclopaedia Britannica.
THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2ft, 1946
?:[ i 1 l
A REVIEW OF LABOR 7 STRIKES
By J. E. Jones
Washington, D. C., November 24
An editor asks the question: ‘‘Upon
what meat doth O'Ur labor union
chiefs feed, that they have grown no
great?" So, aa A1 Smith used to say,
"Let’s consult Lite records.”
Ten years ago John I>. Lewis was
the “master miind” in the first “ait
down strike" applied on a large scale
in the United States. In Detroit, city
authorities refused to aid in evicting
the strikers, in Flint the strikers
were protected against eviction by
State troops that were ordered in by
Governor Frank Murphy. Lewis leap
ed to fame in that 43-day strike.
"It is to violate no State secret to
say that such strikes were anticipated
by all well-informed persons when
the agreements were signed, because
; the union, being new, lacked disci
pline and consideration for orderly
processes and respect for orders from
union heads to be found in older
groups” is a historical truth contain
ed in the 1938 World Almanac.
The National Labor Relations Act
had been a law for a year and a half.
It had the approval of President
Roosevelt. Whenever the Act failed
to act under orders from a handful of
f labor leaders, the President of the
. United States appointed new boards,
r commissions and brass hat commit
l tees that took over and took orders
from the President himself. The
strikes were won FOR the strikers.
The strikers showed their apprecia
tion through all the Presidential
elections during the lifetime of the
late lamented President.
, In tlte pas’t five years John L. Lew
-1 is is reported as responsible for nine
1 coal strikes. He has been so success
, ful that he did not discover that the
t American voters in our November
election issued a clear and definite
I mandate to the Administration and
to the Senate and House of Represen
tatives to STOP THOSE STRIKES.
I The President promptly replied to
l the People, saying in short: “Your
I orders received; the same shall be
obeyed.” The Congress and the I’res
. ident. agreed to pull together.
Mr. Lewis continued belligerent.
He served notice on Secretary of In
terior Krug that 4 00,000 union mine
, workers would go on strike if their
new demands were not granted.
’ Lewis carried his pitcher to the
I well just once too often without real
izing that he was about to stub his
. toes -all ten.
The American public watched "the
game and checked up on the tliroat
. ened coal stikre. So, when a Court
, order was issued forbidding a strike
, in the coal mines, there seemed to be
unanimous public approval.
What of the future? In the first
I place the Wagner Act promised to re
[ dress the inequality of bargaining
power between employees and cor
porate employers. Then what liap
, pened?
Government statistics show that
, the proportionate income of Anieri-1
, can workers who are members of
labor unions have mounted to new
heights—going far above the por
, centag-; of earnings of our national
industries, particularly in the major
organizations that are the life-blood
; of our economic institutions and of
all the pepple of the country.
What the Government is really lac-j
ing is the responsibility of reestab
lishing industrial relationships which
will wipe out the “take it or leave it”
attitude of labor leaders who null
strike after strike so fast that it is
hard to keep up with all of them.
President Truman insists that he
does not poporse to submit to dicta
tors Bi'cli as Lewis, Murray, Reuther,
Hillman and others. Most anything
■ may happen in the coming weeks.
Congress will amend the Wagner
' Act, to compose disputes that deal
, with facts, instead of allowing either
employers or labor unions to slug one
another into submission.
[ Attention js being directed towards
l the Case. Bill which was passed by
both Houses of Congress and vetoed
by President Truman. Under the pro
visions of the bill there would be a
Fedearl Mediation Board; strikes or
* lock-outs would be forbidden for a
period of 60 days. There w r ould be
’ provisions for civil suits to be tried
’ in the courts against employers and
employees for breach of contract
This measure would put an end to
1 the powers of a little handful of czars
who boss millions of honest workers.
So, Readers of my Weekly Letter
' in Family Newspapers, I have carried
on as your correspondent for MANY
! years. The above is a truthful state
ment of the ‘‘top of thfe news” and |
the explanations of what it all means
to ALL of us.
, o
500,000 1046 OHEVROLETS
DETROIT, NOV. 12—The 500,-
000th Chevrolet built in the U. S. in
i 1946 rolled from the assembly line
Nov. 11, T. H. Keating, general sales
. manager of the Chevrolet Motor Di
vision of General Mitors Corp., an
nounced here today.
Attaining the half-million figure
represents a considerable postwar
achievement, Mr. Keating pointed
out, inasmuch as Chevrolet was
strike-Dound throughout the first
quarter of 1946, and during the re
maining months of production labor
ed against material shortages, sup
pliers’ strikes and other disturbing
elements.
The figures indicate that of the
half- million vehicles, nearly 57 per
cent were passenger cars, the remain
der trucks. i
Impartial industry statistics show
that Chevrolet was the first to attain
the half-million figure, despite its
late start in the competitive race.
Check on Germs
(Emerson Yorice Studio
The patch test, which this youth
is taking, is one form of tublerculin
test—the test which shows whethei
tuberculosis germs are present In
the body. It does not reveal whethei
the lungs are diseased. Positive re
actors should have periodic chest
X-rays to be sure their lungs are
healthy. Tuberculin testing pro
grams, accompanied by health edu
cation, are supported by tubercu
losis associations from funds raised
through the sale of Christmas Seals.
CARBON MONOXIDE
With so many old cars on the road,
the carbon monoxide menace limy
claim, more victims than ever before,
Keystone Automobile Club warns,
unless adequate precautions are
taken against it.
Having no color, odor nor taste,
the presence of the gas oftentimes
cannot be detected until sickness is
felt by the driver and other passen
gers in the car.
Leaks in the exhaust system, par
ticularly in old cars, are most fre
quently responsible for the infiltra
tion of monoxide into the car inter
ior. In e. recent year, the U. if. Cen
sus Bureau 1 discloses, 227 deaths oc
curred as a result, of monoxide poi
soning
Following are safety measures re
commended by the Club:
1. Have a skilled mechanic check
thoroughly the exhaust system in
your car, making any repairs neces
sary.
2. Always leave at least one win
dow open a crack when in the car.
3. Always be certain that garage
doors are open when starting the
car.
o
REAL ESTATE SALES
Wheeler & Grier, Realtors of Ox
ford, report the following recent
sales: For Clarence C. Harris, his fine
large dairy farm located in the Ninth
District of Cecil Co., Md., near Zion,
to Mr. end Mrs. Alfred B. Smit.h of
Baltimore, who are to take possession
on or before April 1, 1947. This is
lone of the best dairy farms in north
ern Cecil County.
Also, for Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth T.
Burkins, their attractive, small farm
home at Berkley, Harford Co., Md.,
to Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Orr of
Bainbridge, Md., wlio will take pos
session of their new home as of Jan
uary 1.
I
SUGAR RATIONS
Clarification as to how consumers
will obtain sugar rations under the
recently announced reorganization of
the Office of Price Administratiin has
been made by Harry It. Yingling,
OPA District Director.
“With elimination by December 1,
1946, of the OPA District Offices, a
Sugar Branch Office in the same loca
tion as the Distirct Office will receive
all but three consumer applications
for sugar rations,” Mr. Yingling
said.
“Although application forms will
be available at your Sugar Branch
Office, the following consumer appli
cations should be mailed direct to the
Regional Issuance Unit, now hand
ling all issuances of family ration
books, and other consumer ration
evidence, Post Office Box 48, Station
C, New York 14,.N. Y.
(1) Application for sugar ration
book (Form R-146)
(2) Application for replacement
of family ration book (Form R-194)
(3) Application for furlough or
temporary rations (Form R-363)
“Special sugar requirements, such
as those for illness cases and for bee
feeders will be handled by your
Sugar Branch Office.’’
We give Thee thanks for bread this day,
Broken for Thine own sweet sake;
Dear Lord, be merciful, we pray
To those who have no bread to break
And teach us generosity
To those less fortunate than we.
Amen.
I
Tor pram is garnered from In the midst of our bounty,
our shining acres, fruit from we give thanks. We have
our rich orchards. After years much. Surely we can spare a
of war, our land is still ours, little to share with those who
unrearred, beneficent. Our have none. A crust of bread to
children are fed. a well-fed man may be another
„ . . . . . , day’s life to a child in Europe,
i hew of us are intimate with
hunger. But to the people of
, , , . • Listen to the "NEW ELECTRIC
many lands, hunger is a con- nouß”-77>e hour of charm.
Stant companion. Sundays, 4:30 P.M., EST, CBS Network.
CONOWINGO
POWER COMPANY
ELECETED TO FARM CREDIT
BOARD
10. Paul Crider, prominent Virginia
farmer, has been elected by the Farm
Credit Board as General Agent for
the Farm Credit Administration of
Baltimore, it has been announced by
John H. Buck. Secretary-Treasurer of
the National Farm Loan Association
of Bel Air. He will take over these
duties on December 1.
Mr. Crider succeeds J. K. Dough
ton who resigned in September after
nearly 13 years with Farm Credit. As
General Agent, Mr. Crider is chair
man of the Farm Credit Board of
Directors which supervises the opera
tions of the Federal Land Bank, the
Production Credit Corporation, the
Baltimore Bank for Cooperatives and
the Federal Intermediate Credit
Bank in Pennsylvania, Maryland,
Delaware, Virginia. West. Virginia,
and the Island of Peurto Rico.
Mr. ‘‘rider, a native of Chatham,
PittsyP ania County, Virginia, has
long been actively interested in and
associated with agricultural credit
and has intimate knowledge of the
problems of tending such cooperative
credit to farmers.
Mortgage and short-term coopera
tive credit through this section is
carried on by the National Farm
Loan Association of Bel Air and; the
Towson Production Credit Associa
tion, which make available both long
and short term credit to farmers in
the counties of Harford, Baltimore,
Cecil and Howard.
o
PAYMENT OF 61.00 FOR
MARYLAND QUAIL BANDS
In conformance with a recent rul
ing passed by the Game and Inland
Fish Commission, this Department
will institute immediately payment of
$1 .00 tor each baud erturned to Sal
aried Deputy Game Wardens in the
counties by hunters from quail shot
in various counties of Maryland. The
Commission is vitally interested in
obtaining data as follows:
Number of Quail killed: Location
of Quail killed; date Quail were kill
ed; Person making returns.
The Regional and District Deputy
Game Wardens in the counties will
compensate all hunters reporting and
turning in legbands on bob-white
quail killed in Maryland. Each appli
cant for the bonus of 31.00 will be
required to submit to the Warden
when claiming the bonus of fl.oo
the following information:
Hunter’B name and' address; num
ber of band; where killed; date; lo
cation and county, as well as number
of hunting license.
Trouble with a lot of political jobs
is that the contestants struggle so
hard to get ’em they’ve no energy left
for work after they get ia.
THE MARYLAND FARM FRONT
The Maryland State Coals Confer
ence on farm production for 194 7
will be at College Park, December
3rd, reports Jo's. H. Hlandford, State
PMA Director and head of the State
USDA Council which will sponsor the
conference. Prospective production
will be aimed at maintaining high
output of commodities in continued
demand, and decreasing other pro
duction to former peacetime levels.
Suggested goals for Maryland cal
culated on the basis of national needs
have been submitted to the Maryland
offifje by the Department of Agricul
ture. These suggestions will be re
viewed by state farm leaders and ap
proved or modified in accordance
with production facilities, labor con
ditions and other factors influencing
Maryland farm operations.
Specialists of the University of
Maryland representing crop, livestock
and poultry interests will play an im
portant part in reaching decisions on
1947 goals.
Set Com Loan Rates
Corn loan rates for Maryland farm"
ers are standardized at $1.28 a bu
shel of No. 3 grade yellow or white
corn, compared to the national aver
age loan rate of $1.15 a bushel, Mr.
Blandford advised. The loan rate is
based on the parity price for corn,
which was $1.28 on October 1, 1946.
Parity on corn a year earlier was
$1.12 a bushel. Last year’s average
loan rate was sl.Ol a bushel.
To be eligible for loan, corn must
be No. 3 grade or better, except that
it can exceed the 15.5 per cent mois
ture content standard, and can grade
No. 4 on test weight per bushel.
Maryland farmers can get these
loans on farm stored corn from Dec.
1, 1946, until July 31, 1947. Corn
that grades higher than No. 3 will
provide the owner a premium on loan
rate of Vi cent a bushel for No. 2
grade and 1 cent per bushel for No.
1 grade.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE SERVICES
<‘Anc:ent and Modern Necromancy,
Alia Mesmerism and Hypnotism, De
nounced” will be the subject of the
Lesson Sermon in all Churches of
Christ, Scientist, on Sunday, Dec. 1.
The Golden Text will be from Pro
verbs 21:30—“There is no wisdom
nor understanding against the Lord.”
Among the citations comprising'
the Lesson-Sermon will be the fol
lowing from the Bible—Psalms
140:1—“Deliver me, O Lord, from
the evil man; preserve me from the
violent man.”
A person’s temperature rises dur
ing attendance at a movie, according
to recent physiology studies describ
ed’ in the Encyclopaedia Britannica
194$ Book ot the Yea.r

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