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Labor Disputants Must
Heed Public’s Interests By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1816 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON. Regardless of the bitterness engendered by the coal strike many real friends of labor in Washington watched the preliminaries to the opening of con gress with far less apprehension than might have been supposed. But that wasn’t true of some of the labor leaders. There were several reasons for the fears of the latter. In the first place, it was no secret that a great many union members were getting decidedly fed up with the autocratic methods of some of the top dogs. Part of this may have been the general feeling that it was time for a change, which the voters regis tered so emphatically. Many of these voters were, of course, union men. Without labor’s support the Republicans would not have made such great gains in many of the cities. I talked to one union man who expressed this skeptical attitude to ward the top leadership. He said there was discontent because of “too many strikes.” He didn’t mean strikes in his own group, neces sarily. He was referring to the fact that when other unions walked out it affected him too. He didn’t like the idleness that he had experi enced. He resented the raising of his dues. He felt the pressure from the higher cost of living, which he did not blame entirely on big profits. He was not immune to the argument that lack of production due to strikes for which he was not responsible was also partly to blame. His inability to control the strikes in other unions was not the only cause of his resentment. He felt that his vote in itself had very lit tle effect; that “policy was ham mered out by the big fellows.” Then, too, the stories of the fine homes and the big cars of some of the high officers didn’t help. I found his attitude reflected in similar re ports from other sources. Most of these conditions to which my informant objected, of course, stood out at the very beginning of the coal strike with its powerful one-man-domination and its crip pling effect on other industries. Another feeling registered by many workers was fear of a de pression. They know that that would weaken the unions because many men would do as my friend said he would have to do—forget the union and take any job he could get if work grew scarce. Predict Curbs on Autocratic Leaders Since many of the men who fol lowed this line of reasoning helped make the Republican victory pos sible, astute political leaders, with their eyes on 1948, are preparing to stop the “smash-the-union” talk and substitute for it the slogan “smash the autocratic leaders and keep them from smashing the union.” The “friends of labor” that I men tioned realize this. They are freely predicting that this congress will not produce “destructive labor legislation.” They feel that such radical moves as compulsory arbitration or rigid government control will not suc ceed. They do admit they expect many of the advantages labor has enjoyed under the Wagner act will be pared down. When the President said at a White House press and radio con ference that he intended to write as strong a message as possible to the congress, it was not interpreted as meaning that any anti-labor shackles would rise. Harry Tru man’s whole record in congress is distinctly conservative but not re actionary. On the other hand, he doesn’t intend to approach the sub ject from the New Deal point of view. As I pointed out previously in this column, he considers him self a “free man,” bound by no previous obligations, acting under no restraint. He could not escape the tenor of the vote in November nor could he ignore the gauntlet which John Lewis threw down. Looking around in the senate, the friends of labor feel they see evi dence of enough wisdom and dis cretion to prevent any labor-bait ing orgy even if some of the mem bers of the house may lean to ex tremes. After all, most legislation is written in conference. Although there was considerable concern expressed by their respec tive opponents, both Senators Taft and Ball, who naturally would be ‘ BARBS • • . by Baukhage Political note: There are a lot of new prospective presidents in this country—more babies per thousand population than our first war-baby record month of March, 1918. • • • All the people exposed to school ing aren’t educated. You can lead A man to college, but you can’t make him drink of the Pierian spring. expected to initiate labor legisla tion, are considered too wise polit ically to overstep the bounds of what really amounts to common sense on this question. Neither of them would be likely to do anything they could avoid to prevent the workers or anyone else from voting Republican. Another thing which the opti mistic middle-of-the-roaders feel sure will happen is that there will be a careful study by congress of any measure which is proposed— unless, of course, some crisis de velops which demands speed. In emergencies emotions run high and it is necessary to shift the ballast so rapidly merely to avoid capsiz ing, that legislators may swamp the boat trying to reach an even keel. Labor suffers most in an unstable economy. Therefore, it must have a “multiple objective,” as Thur man Arnold and Walter Hamilton, contributing their “Thoughts on La bor Day” to the New Republic, last September, pointed out in these words: “It must work for a stable econ omy with permanent high prosper ity; it must hold and advance wage rates for the sake of that permanent prosperity; it must stand firm and even take the offensive against limitation of production and the degradation of the dollar.” Therefore, to succeed,“the labor movement must be a consumer’s movement as well.” The con sumer’s vested interest in labor legislation will not be overlooked by thoughtful members of congress. It was very plain that the will of the voter in the last election was ex pressed in the voice of the con sumer. Must Consider Consumer In Any Negotiations One of the most searching sur veys of the whole question of col lective bargaining which undoubted ly has impressed our more studious legislators is a report, made two years ago by a special committee of the 20th Century fund. This re port stressed the need of recogni tion by both labor and manage ment of this “third party, the con sumer.” In that connection the com mittee recommended strongly “the use of economists, engineers, im partial fact-finding techniques.” They also suggested that “manage ments and unions together explore the possibilities of market-wide col lective bargaining.” This is a subject of which you will hear more before long, I imagine. The 20th Century fund study also sounded a warning which might well have shown a foreknowledge of some of the big strikes which fol lowed, including the coal strike. It concluded with the admonition; "Unless spokesmen for Big Own ership, Big Unionism and Big Gov ernment acquire a sharper aware ness of their separate and joint obligations to society all three will become like the dinosaurs which grew too big and stupid to survive. The representatives of each, sitting around the collective bargaining ta ble, must become—more conscious ly than ever before trustees of other people’s money, skills and aspirations. It is the committee’s earnest belief that this change in moral and psychological climate of collective bargaining is vital, nec essary and long overdue.” That admonition, which went un heeded, was responsible in part for the temper of the people last November. No labor legislation of fered by the present congress will stand long if it “includes the con sumer out.” And if the consumer is protect ed both management and labor are safe. • • • NEW YEAR RESOLUTIONS OF A COLUMNIST-COMMENTATOR I will try to write and talk as much like a human being as possible. I won’t use any words on pa per or on the air I don’t use on the street car and I will be sure I know what the words I do use mean. I will not talk or write down to my audience or up to my news sources. I will swallow my snorts and coughs and wheezes until I can signal the engineer to cut off the mike. I will read all my mail and answer it in person if a stamp is enclosed, or on the air or, If there is no other way, in 1 spirit. Don’t think you know all about the turkey. Spanish colonists shipped wild turkeys to Europe before 1550. They were domesticated and later their offspring were shipped back to the western world and mixed with our wild product. Gracias, senores • • • Chiang Ka shek can’t be a dic tator. He wains to resign. Real ones seldom get the chance. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SITN. MP. WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Packers Sign Wage Agreements; Grant Carriers Rate Relief ; Labor Awaits High Court Decree * f Released by Western Newspaper Union - - - (EDITOR'S NOTE: When opinions nre expressed In these columns, they are those ol Western Newspaper Union's news analysts and not necessarily of this newspaper.! LABOR: Packer Peace Meat conditions continued to look rosy for the American housewife with the AFL and CIO packing house unions coming to terms with the big packers on new contracts without resorting to costly strikes. The AFL Amalgamated Meat Cut ters and Butchers Workmen set the pattern for peace In the industry by agreeing with Swift on a 7% cent an hour wage increase, higher pay for night work, a better vacation plan, pay for eight holidays and re duction of geographical wage differ entials. Including all benefits, the total hourly increase amounts to 12 cents. Not to be outdone, the CIO United Packinghouse Workers of America then signed with Cudahy for an average wage increase of 15 cents, extra night pay, a sick leave plan, compensation for eight holidays and elimination of geographical wage differentials. At the same time, the CIO union also reached agreement with the Tobin Packing company of Fort Dodge, lowa, on a new con tract providing for guaranteed em ployment of 52 weeks. Sue for Back Pay As a result of a Supreme court decision of last June 10 decreeing that employees of the Mount Clem ens Potters company were entitled to compensation under the fair la bor standards act of 1938 for walk ing to their jobs on plant property, American industry faced the pros pect of being forced to shell out hundreds of millions of dollars of back pay. Wasting no time in taking advan tage of the court ruling, the CIO i United Steelworkers and CIO Auto Workers filed suits in the Cleve land, Ohio, federal court for back pay for 180,000 union members. The Steelworkers asked 56 million dol lars for 148,000 employees of Re public Steel company and 38 mil lion dollars for 30,000 workers of ’ American Steel and Wire. The Auto ! Workers seek 12% million dollars j for 2,000 employees of Ohio Crank- I shaft company. j At least one employer, faced with ! the prospect of being forced to pay j help for time spent in reaching their | jobs in the plant, settled with the • union. Dow Chemical company of ' Midland, Mich., agreed to pay 1,200 employees of John L. Lewis’ UMW’s District 50 a total of $4,656,000. FREIGHT RATES: Grant Boost Interstate Commerce commission was unanimous in granting rail and water carriers an average 17.6 per cent freight rate increase and per mitting railroads to maintain a 10 per cent passenger fare boost. Noting that wage costs alone since 1941 have mounted by $1,382,- 000,000 annually, ICC declared that ! the new rates were necessary (1) | for maintenance and development of the transport system to meet na tional needs, and (2) to assure the movement of a high volume of traf fic efficiently. Rates on commodities other than those especially treated were in creased by 20 per cent under the ICC order while tariffs on agricul tural products and livestock (except fruits and vegetables) were boosted 15 per cent. Maximum increases were, allowed on many items to maintain the competitive balance between different regions. SUPREME COURT: IVeighty Decision In calling off the costly soft-coal strike, John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers was content to leave determination of the issue to the U. S. Supreme court. Said John L.: “The Supreme court is, and we be Whooping Cough Takes Surprising Toll Whooping cough kills more chil dren each year than infantile paralysis and scarlet fever com- | bined and many hundreds of unnec- i essary deaths occur annually be cause of exposure of children to this dangerous disease, according to a health warning from Northwestern National Life Insurance company. In 1944 the United States Public Health service recorded 1,878 deaths j lieve will ever be, the protector of American liberties and the rightful privileges of individual citizens.’’ Having agreed to consider the case directly from the federal dis trict court, the high tribunal set Jan uary 14 as the date for government and defense arguments. Upon the final decision not only rested wheth er the heavy fines against the UMW and Lewis would stick but, more importantly, whether government operated industries could prevent workers from striking. Legally, the issue boiled down to this: Could government operation of an industry be considered essen tial to the running of the govern ment? As the ruling power, the gov ernment said all its actions were necessary; on the other hand, the UMW said the running of coal mines was not within governmental prov ince. BRITAIN: Royal Romance Great Britain, which takes its roy alty seriously, was bubbling all over with the latest regal romance, this one involving Prince Philip of Greece and Princess Elizabeth. Long rumored, the engagement of i the royal couple loomed as more ! and more of a possibility as the i British press continued to build up ! the handsome, blond prince. Much j ado was made of his application for ; British citizenship. Steamed up over j the ballyhoo, bobby-soxers joined > otherwise staid Britishers in believ ing the match was “super.” While the prince and princess made a fitting couple, the rumored romance was not without its politi ; 9 w m 98 ijpn Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip shown as they attend re ception in London. cal implications. Such a royal mar riage would bind Britain more closely to Greece, which occupies a strategic position in the eastern Mediterranean and presently is a diplomatic battleground between Britain and Russia in the fight for control of the Near East. FOREIGN MINISTERS: | Germany Next Having cleaned up the Balkan peace pacts, the foreign ministers of the Big Four agreed to undertake the thorny issue of a German treaty in Moscow next March. The decision came as the U. S. and Britain determined to unify their two occupation zones to speed up the economic recovery of western Ger many and trim their relief burdens, and continental Europe, once de pendent upon the Reich for essential supplies, continued to lag in recon struction. U. S. consent to conduct the parley in Moscow was forthcoming only aft er Russian Foreign Commissar Mo lotov promised Secretary of State Byrnes that newsmen would be giv en both freedom and facilities for reporting the meeting. Byrnes in sisted that newsmen had not been afforded suitable accommodations during the last confab in the Soviet capital. from whooping cough, compared to 1,361 deaths from polio and 422 I deaths from scarlet fever. Prelim inary figures for 1945 show 1,726 deaths from whooping cough, com pared with 1,189 from polio and 349 from scarlet fever. The number of cases of whooping cough climbs steadily throughout the winter months, reaching a high | in March or April, it was said. U. N.s Slap Franco Even as 300,000 Spaniards assem bled before the national palace in Madrid to hear Generalissimo Fran co lash “foreign interference,” the United Nations political and security committee, meeting at Lake Suc cess, N. Y., adopted a resolution for the withdrawal of all members’ am bassadors from Spain. Remaining obdurate in its conten tion that nc drastic action should be taken against Spain but the Spanish | people should be given every oppor : tunity for holding free elections, the U. S. abstained from voting on the I resolution. As it was, the resolution j was mild enough, since the countries I agreed to leave other diplomatic j representatives in Spain to conduct i business as usual. Effect of the action was to snub Franco on the direct government level. Fiery Spaniards plastered fiery placards against “foreign interfer ence” in Madrid in the demonstra tions against world condemnation against the Franco regime. In ad dressing the throngs, Franco de clared: The Spanish government was a matter of concern to the Span ish people alone; Spain had dem onstrated its peaceful intentions by remaining neutral through World War II; Spain showed its willing ness to further prosperity by being willing to deal commercially with other nations. 'Big Train Passes On Another of baseball’s greats passed into Valhalla with the death of Walter Johnson, 59, acclaimed by many as the greatest pitcher who ever toed the rubber. Famed for his blinding speed, Johnson blazed a tVail of glory dur ■ ing his 21-year play ing career with the tors. Known as the won 413 games and lost 280; set the modern strike-out record of 3,497, top ping the 200 mark for seven consecu tive seasons; hurled , 2 no-hitters, and 114 Big Train shutouts . But statistics do not tell the true story of Johnson’s greatness. Indi cative of his prowess and strength, ; he blanked the New York Yankees i three times in four days in 1910. j In 1911, he struck out four men in I one inning after his catcher had al i lowed one batter to reach base when ! he dropped a third strike. In 1912, i he pitched 56 straight scoreless inn j ings. ROCKET PLANE: Beautiful! Stepping out of the Bell XS-1 after taking the rocket plane up to 35,000 feet and running it at 550 miles per hour, test pilot Chalmers Goodlin, ■ 23, exclaimed gleefully: “The plane, the engine in fact, everything about the flight was beautiful. It was all very quiet, with absolutely no noise at all in the cockpit, no sensation of the roar of an engine.” Fueled with ethyl alcohol mixed with oxygen, the XS-1 is designed i for a speed of 1,700 m.p.h., but 1 Goodlin held it down to 550 m.p.h. In the preliminary test. Built for speedy, high altitude flying, the plane measures only 31 feet in length and has a wing span of 28 feet. Army acceptance of the craft is conditioned upon its ability to trav el at 80 per cent of the speed of sound, which ranges from 660 m.p.h. to 763 m.p.h., depending upon temperature and altitude. In hitting it up at 550 m.p.h., Good lin achieved a speed of 75 per cent. NEAR EAST: Bluff Reds Russia drew a pass in the diplo matic poker game in the Near East as Iran, Greece and Turkey, backed by the Anglo-American powers, rebuffed leftist jockeyings for advantage in Iran and Greece. In a bold maneuver tt> test the ex tent of Russian determination to dominate oil-rich northern Iran, government forces marched into Azerbaijan province ostensibly to guarantee free parliamentary elec tions. At first. Communist leaders threatened civil war if the govern ment troops continued their march, i but suddenly backtracked when the Nationalists called their bluff. Guerrillas seeking to establish themselves in northeastern Greece also were left holding the bag when Greek regulars routed 1,000 leftists at Corymbos and the remnants were wiped out by Turkish troops when they fled across the nearby border. Communist - dominated Bulgaria was implicated in the scuffle, Greek government sources claiming that the guerrillas were provisioned by Bulgars and some of the wounded carried back into that country. MINERS: As John L. Lewis maneuvered for shorter hours and higher pay for his United Mine Workers an indus try spokesman asserted that the miner draws more money than auto, steel and oil workmen. Declaring that conditions in the mines have changed in recent years, Wilfred Sykes, president of Inland Steel company, averred that while miners were paid for a 54-hour week they actually dug coal only 35 to 42 hours, being compen sated for lunch time and travel pay. Protective Coatings Phenolic resins serve as Interior protective coatings In metal five-gal lon containers and drums to protect the metal from attack by the con tents of the package. Many kinds of chemicals may be shipped in phen olic-lined containers. Frequently it is more important to keep the chem ical free from contamination with iron than it is to keep the iron from being attacked by the chemical. These kit and drum linings are, when properly cured, resistant to or ganic solvents. Keep Tree Fresh An Xmas tree can be kept fresh if you set it up in a pan of water. Cut off the base o i the tree at an angle at least one inch above the original cut and keep it standing in water a iring the entire period that the tree is in the house, adding water to the jar or tub In which the tree stands at intervals to keep the water level always above the cut. This method when used with fresh trees reduces the flammabil ity as effectively as any fireproof ing chemicals. Chemicals mr.y cause the tree to turn brown or yellow or to lose its needles. The place you select for your tree should be well away from stoves, radiators and other sources of heat. When you smoke, keep away from the tree. New Lavatory A new vitreous china lavatory is 20 inches wide and 18 inches from front to back, has a raised shelf back, anti-splash rim, concealed overflow, snap action pop-up waste and modern styling. CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT AUTOS, TRUCKS & ACCESS. WE BUY USED TRUCKS ONE or a FLEET Generous Prices Paid! If you want QUICK action See SALAWITCH First 3100 Washington Blvd.. Baltimore SO. Md. BUSINESS & INVEST. OPPQR. EARN SIOO per day profit with Master Concrete Tile Pdachine. Materials and mar kets everywhere. Descrip, literature free. CONCRETE MACHINERY COMPANY Box 2548-B .... Hickory. N. C. SELL GIFTS Pin-Earring Sets, Chat elaines. Bracelets. $2 to $5 retailers. 50 styles. sls doz.. $162 gross. MANUFACTURERS. 264 Fifth Ave.. N. Y. SELL organizations, churches, friends, fancy aprons. Household items. Make nice money. WYNNE PRODUCTS. 127 N. sth St.. Philadelphia 6. Pa. DOGS, CATS, PETS, ETC. ENGLISH Setter Puppies, best breeding available. Beautiful, healthy puppies. H. E. MEIXELL Fort DuPont. Del. BOSTON TERRIERS $25.00 Shepherd. Police Pups SIO.OO. NORA KLINE, Leesport, Pa. HELP WANTED—MEN ONE expert Looper fixer for Sotco and Wright steady dial loopers, steady work, excellent pnv. MOERS MILLS. INC., P. O. Box 470. Nashville 2. Tenn. HELP WANTED—MEN, WOMEN WANTED—A couple to take charge of eleven women, with or without operation of farm. Write: TIIE PRESBYTERIAN HOME. Newville, Penna. HELP WANTED—WOMEN GRADUATE NURSES Housing facilities and good meals at Hahnemann Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa.— 600-bed modern, general hospital; central ly located, walking distance to shopping and amusement districts and historical interests: choice of service: opportunity for University study: has fully accredited School of Nursing; promotions on merit and ability: October Ist new salary scale: liberal personnel policies. Write or Call DIRECTOR OF NURSING MISCELLANEOUS WILL PAY you one Csl.oo to three ($3.00) dollars for your used 1946 tele phone book. Drop card stating what you have. BOX 148. MURRAY. UTAH. USED concrete and cinder block duplex vibrator machine with 1.300 steel pallets Has interchangeable molds for makmr Bxßxl6, 4x8x16. halves, ends and pier stocks. Priced reasonable. ALLIED BLOCK CO.. 'OO Mercer St.. Wilson. X. C. OIL CONVERSION BURNERS Guaranteed. Install yourself. Stoves $25.00 Furnaces, etc.. $45.00. 25% discount cash with this ad in 5 days. VAPOR BURNER CO. 2202 N. Kenwood Ave.. Indianapolis 8. Ind CHRYSLER MARINE ENGINES Immediate deliveries most ell models. JOHN HUGHES CURTIS, distributor West Norfolk. Va. CHRYSLER MARINE DlESELS—lmme diate delivery 3 models. JOHN HUGHE CURTIS, distributors. West Norfolk, V. WANTED TO BUY WANTED: ALL KINDS of woodworking machinery, planers, single and double sur facers, moulders, stickers, band resaws, rip saws and saw mills of all kinds: alu power units. Give full description and condition, also prices. TOM NORTON. Dealer P. O Box 1229. Petersburg, Va.. Ph. 816 A CHRISTMAS GIFT tititbl <4 i IF YOU ARE A- Graduate Nurse ~.,,..51600-2000 Occupational Therapist SI7OO-2125 Occupational Therapist (aset.).... SI4OO-1750 Graduate Practical Nurse $1475- Dietician $2200-2,50 Forty-eight hour duty; living quarters, meals, laundry, sick leave, vacation with pay and State Merit j System retirement. Write or apply to an y Mary f land j State Hospital or MARYLAND commission 22 LIGHT ST. BALTIMORE 2, MD.