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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
rniniiD iran cmdat ■ohms n E'WHSTO- BIROS. imam m om mm mAMnxm g, )>ri | H ff citii Matter M Fwt Mm la Blaine ana, Maryland Date i<t •( OM|rM af Marsh S, IST* nraramunr n Nimw aid au *raai uwaon nun or dumcbivtioi Ml IBM, IH ADTAICI . • • • !>■*• in months n * VUM •“ iiitolb COPY, • oim umnura hath rDRNUUD oi application 1-oreiKP Advertising Representative ] Jj rflfc AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION I FRIDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1946 SOME FACTS ABOUT COAL Many people, observing the appar ently eadless labor troubles that be set the soft coal industry, may have come to the conclusion that the min ers are an overworked lot, laboring long hours at starvation wages. So come facts recently released by the National Coal Association are de serving of widespread recognition. In August, the average weekly earninys of biumtinous coal miners was $62 37 —a higher average weekly earnings figure than reported by any other industry in the United States. It was 161.18 per cent higher than in 1939. The rise in the cost of living be tween 1939 and August, 1946, on the other hand, was 44.6 percent, accord ing to the Bureau of Labor Statis tics. The coal miners’ hourly earnings in August average $1.467 —an in crease of 65.8 per cent over 1941. So whether wages are figured on a weea ly or an hourly basis, it is apparent that they have far outrun rises in the cost of living. It has been said that the miners must work a 54-hour week —because some mines work six days a week — some weeks. But very few miners work all of the six days. In June, for example, for which government fig ures available, the average work week was 42.9 hours. Agaiii one hour of the nine-hour day is spent, theoretically at least, in travelling back and forth to the working place. That means that while the miner actually works only eight hours, he gets paid for nine. Lastly, the standard work week in the industry is now 35 hours—and all time worked over 35 hours is paid for at the rate of one and one-half. These are facts—and they wih come as real news to millions of people. They indicate that the United Mine Workers’ leadership is not so much concerned with wages and hours as it is with the ruthless ant. limitless domination of a great in dustry. o THE SHORTAGE OF TREES When the earliest American set tlers were cutting down trees ant sawing out boards so that they coulc build their houses they said tha there were enough trees on ihe East ern Seaboard to ‘‘last forever.” A couple of centuries later the set tiers m Ohio and other States wer> saying that there were enough tree, "to last forever.” Only fifty years ago the people in Michigan and Ala bama ?nd Louisiana were sayin c that there enough trees to “last for ever.” When Theodore Roosevelt wat President more than 40 years ago, t conference of the Natio’ns leading in dustrialists was convened at the White Ho>use. Great lumbermen whi were operating in the Middle Wes predicted at that great meeting tha such timber as pine would be scare, throughout the entire United States in fifty years. No one paid very mucL attention to the prophecy that hat come true. Wisconsin, Minnesota an, other northern states have exhausted their tremendous timbei that would “last forever.” The lumber mills are still doing business in Washington, Oregon an,, other Western and Southern states Buit the white pine producers have re cently given notice that their board, will probably sell in the near future at SSO a thousand board feet. Black market operators placed such timbei on the market at as high as $75 a thousand board feet. Those pricer seem to be quite a boost from price, ranging from sl6 to S2O a thousano feet in Wisconsin and Minnesota a. the beginning of the present century. The original forest area of the Uni ted States is estimated to have cover ed 820,000,000 acres, or nearly hail of the land area of the United States The present area of commercial for est laid was officially estimated in 1940 at 461,697,000 acres, with only 120,832,000 acres of “saw timber areas." There are 158 National For ests which are operated on the bash of “sustained yield” of timber. Tha. reminds 'us of the bereft farmer wh, locked his.barn after his horse haa been stolen. It is estimated that the world would require, at present prices, about 5 million more tons of sugai in 19.47 than is likely to be available. As was the case last season, it wil. not be possible to increase world sup plies of sugar for consumption b. drawing on carryover stocks, sine,, such stocks have been reduced ti minimum operating levels. I Foreign Advertising Representative I j_ THE AMERICAN r RESS ASSOCIA l ION STATE $30,000,000 BETTER OFF THAN IN ’39 The States Annuity Bond Fund Re serve as of December 31 will be ap proximately one million dollars, Gov. Herbert R. O’Conor made known fol lowing a check up made by the State’s fiscal officers at his request. As of November 30, the report show ed, the balance in the Fund was $913,701.54, with receipts from taxes for the month of December estimated at $70,000.00. Allowing for interest payments for the month of December of $13,823.75, the Governor pointed out, there will be available in the Re serve as of the close of the calendar year a total of $969,877.79. This will be apart from, and in ad dition to, the General Fund Surplus, Ihe estimated amount of this Sur plus, as of the close of the present fiscal year, will be $16,839,000 less whatever allotments are made from the surpuls during the Special Ses sion of the Legislature, for increased costs of administration of the State’s institutions and departments, and to cover the recently granted pay raise to State employees. Recalling that there was an actual General Fund Surplus of $11,932,- 469.50 as of June 30, 1946, the Chief Executive pointed out that the esti mated increase in the fund by the enu of the fiscal year, approximately $5,000,000 would more than likely take care of the needs for salary and departmental cost increases in the event that the Special Session, as ori ginally scheduled, is limited to ap priations for such purposes. On this basis, there would be car ried over for u|se of the incoming Ad ministration approximately $12,000,- 000, plus the Annuity Bond Fund Re serve, plus the major portion of the $6,200,090 previously allotted from suprlus for Post-War construction purposes. Inasmuch as the bonded indebted jess of the State has been reduced ap proximately $30,000,000 during the past eight years, the ‘‘on hand funds’ .isted above will render the State ;ome $50,000,000 better off than it was at the outset of this Administra ion in 1939, Governor O’Conor as serted. This is particularly gratifying le empasizhed, because during the jeriod in question the Real Estate fax has been lowered from 23.35 ents to 10 cents per SIOO of assess ments, and many nuisance taxes elim nated entirely. - o FARM ACCIDENT DEATHS INCREASE A safety authority said recently hat because of increased farm mech nization, future farmers of America just become as accident conscious as he railroad industry, the steel indus -I'ustry or the textile industry.” Ned A. Dearborn, president of the Jatioani Safety Council, said in a peech tc the National Association of .adio Farm Directors that accidental farm deaths last year reached 16,000, gain of eight per cent over 1944. He said the fourth annual National Farm Safety Week would be observed .ext July 20-26. PERMANENT LICENSE PLATES Issuance of the new permanent ype motor vehicle license plates will tart late in Februayr. Two tags, one or the front and the other for the ear of the veichle will be issued to 11 applicants. W. Lee Elgin, Commissioner of lotor Vehicles, asks motorists to ave in readiness, a bracket for the ront tag. Many of the new automo iles, as well as the older cars, are without brackets and accessory deal rs report that there is a shortage of hat item. Law requirements makes it neces ary that the rear tag be illuminated o render it clearly legible from a istance of at least 25 feet, at night. The colors of the new tags will be Rack numerals with an aluminum jackground. ■ ■■ o The Pacific entrance to the Pana ma Canal is actually more easterly ban the Atlantic entrance, accord ng to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The canal does not go, as is generally supposed, from east to west. Instead it runs due south, turns sharply east and then follows a southeasterly course. o- - Land values roe eanother 14 per cent during the last year and now stand within 11 percent of the 1920 peak. On November 1, laud values vere 83 per cent above the 1935-39 -verage and were above 1920 levels n five areas—the New England, Mid-I ile Atlantic, South Atlantic, East | South Central and Pacific region*. 1 Wttf MIDLAND JOtIWAL, FRIDAY, DfiC&MfiKSt ST, IMS >———■ I ~ ■ Gregorian Calendar Was Slow in Adoption Great Britain and her colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1T62; the Julian calendar having be come 11 days slow by that time, par liament ordered that the day fol lowing September 3, 1752, would be September 14, and that the legal year should begin on January 1. The Gregorian calendar is, in ef fect, a revision edition of the old Roman calendar. The ancient Ro man year began with the month of March and ended with December, the 10th month. January and Feb ruary were added in the course of time and the celebration of New Year’s on January 1 began in 452 B. C. Continental Europe had universal ly adopted the Gregorian calendar by 1700 but Great Britain, frowning upon anything originating in Rome as Popish, continued the use of the old calendar—with its legal year be ginning on March 25—until the con fusion arising from using a differ ent calendar than the one used by continental Europe prompted the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752. Children’s Day New Year’s in Bulgaria Bulgarian children receive small gifts on Christmas Day from Grand pa Koleda—an ancient winter god— but New Year’s Day is really the children’s holiday. ,v. WBli m \fH >.... -> ... Dressed in their newest and best clothes, the youngsters bear gifts to their elders: they receive pres ents and small sums of money in return. In rural communities the older children visit neighbors: switching the householder with cor nel rods, they wish him a happy and prosperous New Year. The word “surva” is repeated frequently—the visitors expecting to be served with goodies—but if the supply is ex hausted, the situation is accepted with characteristic good humor. The holiday season climaxes on Epiphany. The orthodox priest leads a procession to the river and, com memorating Christ’s baptism, tosses a cross into the water: sometimes the ice has to be broken, but youths dive for the cross unhesitantly—the retriever supposedly receiving a special blessing. FORESTRY PRACTICES The U. S. D. A. Council held a fin. meeting related to forestry practice, on December 6, under the supervisio of Mr. Adna R. Bond, District Fores* er, and Mr. Charles W. Bayles, Dis trict Fire Warden. The group observed the selectiv< cutting operation on the farm of Mr , Fred Herron and the lumbering op erations of Mr. Hitmon’s Lumbe. ; Company. Following these stops t visit was made to the Forestry Dt partment tool cache in Elk Neck, a woodlot weeding operation at Cam. Rodney and a visit to the State Pari, [ in Elk Neck. Mr. Bond ably demonstrated that the Forestry Department worked with farmers on woodlot improve ment, which included marking tim ber ready for harvest. The supervi -1 sion of State Parks comes under tlu 1 Forestry Department and it was in teresting to visit their cabin area an*. 1 and recreation center. Fifteen per cent of the revenue of these Parks is returned to the counties in lieu, oi ’ taxes. 1 One of the big jobs of the Forestry Service is to combat forest fires, and 1 they have been doing a fine service i. ; this work. Their education campaig. has done much to make the average citizen conscious of their duty in pre venting fires. The licensing of lumbering opera tions. and the supervision of tree trimming done by the electric and 1 telephone companies also comes un der the State Forestry Department. The meeting proved to be a very educational tour for all concerned, and helped a great deal to familiar ize the other people working in, the • couinty in agriculture, with the oper ations of the Forestry Department. Those present were Robert Baker, representing agricultural economics; George and’ John Johnson, represent ing the Soil Conservation Service; Richard Sutton, representing the Ex tension Service; Chester Bradley and Wickes Davis, representing the Pro duction and Marketing Administra tion; Henry Mclntire, representing the Federal Land Bank; Adna R. Bond and Charles Bayles represent ing the Forestry Department. | Chalk is made up largely of the i protisa, microscopic animals. Papa has a feeding problem! • Papa must surely have learned by now that you can’t feed a family of twenty on the rations of two. Put, like so many people, he hasn’t learned that it’s the same way with a family of electrical appliances: you can’t feed a houseful of them through electrical wiring meant for only a few. If your family of electrical appliances has grown larger from year to year, have your wiring checked to see that it meets your needs. r . Wj You can’t raise any jamity on empty stomachs — ) —j/, 7 don’t starve your electrical appliances, either! ( Conowingo Power Company • * CHRISTMAS Christmas has arrived again at ast. In which we celebrate the birth of fchrist. the greatest Personage that rver trod the earth. He raised the lead 1 ; He healed the sick of ail man ,ier of disease; He made the lame to walk, the blind to see and deaf to hear, aad people followed Him by the housands to see the mighty works He did. but when He began to preach rad de.iver the message that His lfathe>' sent Him to deliver, and told .hem that no man hath ascended up o l eaven, that made the preachers miad (.John 3:13) becaue its made the riest or preachers out liars. When ie weit into the temple and cast out be moneychangers and those who dught and sold 1 , and told them that is house was a house of prayer, but hat they had made it a den of Uieves. tthen they were mad. When he politicians saw the people follow ng Him by the thousand, they saw hat if He were left alone He would verthiow the Roman empire, so oese three elements favored a con .tiracy to get rid of Him and in the ee hoars of the night when the poor sople who followed Him gladly were sleep, He was arrested and tried and ondemned to death —the shameful eath on the cross. Why? Because hese three elements of society did ;ot believe on Him. But just before Is crucifixion, He wept over Jerusa :m and said, “O Jerusalem, Jerusa m, thou that killest the prophets nd stonest them that God has sent nto thee, how I would have gather ii thee as a hen gathered her chick ns under her wing, but ye would ot.” Dear Reader, do you believe . ;hat He taught? Do you, believe that o man hath ascended up to Heaven? o you believe that it is easier for a ir.el to go through the eye of a i , ,>edle than for a rich man to go to eaven? Do you believe in the prayer e taught, "For His Kingdom to ome and His will be done on earth t sis done in heaven?” If you do and I re preaching that to your fellow ren, then you are one of His wtt nsses and will hear the welcome lessage, “Well done, thou good and ! ithful servant enter into the joys t' thy Lord.” If you dio not believe is message then you place yourself a the tame class of Adam and Eve, s f following Satan instead of follow ig our Lord and Saviour Jesus hrist. The time is short for you to lake up your mind. Armegeddon is [ ear at hand. The great controversy etween Christ and Satan is ending, hen Satan is to be cast into the pit vhere he can deceive the nations no . :iore. Respectfully submitted, C. A. Hutchens ■o 1 Kingman Island, 150 feet long and i2O feet wide at high tide, is the mallest land area over which the United States claims sovereignty. It ’ esl about 1800 miles northeast of ’ ?ago Pago in te Shouthwest Pacific. An attack of cholera may prove fatal in one or two hours after it is noted, according to the Encyclopae . dia Britannica. Spring comes earlier and autumn 1 stays longer on Long Island than in . the continntal interior of the same - latitude, according to the Encyclo : paedla Britannica. The island is fav ored because of its maritime location near the Gulf Stream. The word chiffon, which means a soft delicate fabric to American wo-. men, signifies a rag Ip Fiance. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT ANNAPOLIS, MARYLAND PROCLAMATION OF THE GOVERNOR TERMINATING THE VOTING BY MAIL LAW WHEREAS, by Sections 123 to 144A. both inclusive, of Article 33 of the Annotated Code, title ‘Elections,” sub-title “Voting by Mail,” as enact ed by Chapter 934 of the Acts of 1945 of the General Assembly of Maryland, provisions were made for the registration of and voting by persons who were absent fiom their places of residence #nd engaged in the military or naval service of the United States, as therein defined. AND WHEREAS, the purpose ol said Sections was to give the resi dents of Maryland, who were engaged in the military or naval service of the United States during World War 11, the opportunity to register and vote during their absence because of mili tary or naval service. AND WHEREAS, because of the surrender of those countries with which we were at war, practically all of the residents of Maryland who were in the military or naval service of the United States have returned to the State and! have been demobilized so that it is no longer necessary for said provisions of law to remain in force. AND WHEREAS, Section 143 of said law provides that when the con ditions which existed on May 21, 1942, terminate, it shall be the duty of the Governor, as soon as conven ient and proper, by proclamation published once in no more than three newspapers in each County and in Baltimore City, to declare the afore- SVVEET FACTS Who csome sweet foods, eaten in moderate quantities in addition to a well-balanced diet, will not harm most children, Dr. li. H. Riley, Di rector of Health, said in a special holiday statement for parents. He warned, however, that there is dan ger in allowing the candy, cakes and cookies that are so tempting during the Christmas season to be substitut ed for ihe milk, fruit, vegetables and meat needed for health aud growth, and gave the press this brief discus sion of nutritious sweets prepared by the Nu'ritionists of the State De partment of Health. “Nutritionally, sugar is the ex treme case of a one-sided food; for it furnishes calories and nothing else. In general, concentrated forms of sugar and candy are not recommend ed. Rather, sugar should be used to flavor other foods and thus enable people to eat larger quantities of fruits and milk. Children and grown people—should consume their full quota of milk, eggs, meat, fruit and vegetables before satisfying their appetites and filling their total calor ic requirement with sugar and fats. "Wise parents can often satisfy that craving f V candy with sweet j dishes containing fruit, milk, nuts and other nutritionally valuable foods. Whole wheat fruit cake, soy bean nut bread, oatmeal-raisin cook ies and peanut cookies are nutritious sweets, particularly if eaten in com bination with fresh or stewed fruits. An excellent candy substitute can be made by moistening ground raisins, I apricots, prunes and nuts with lemon juice, shaping into balls and dipping is l* V ■ i- o cocoan.,l or gti/uu.. , nuts or ready-to-eat cereau* can auto os dipped in melted chocolate to 1 said Sections of law terminated and that such proclamation shall termin ate said Sections as of the date of said proclamation. AND WHEREAS, in view of the aforegoing it is now convenient ; nd proper that the proclamation < onu m nlated by Section 143 should be is sued'. NOW, THEREFORE, I HERBERT R. O CONOR, GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND, by virtue of the au thority conferred upon me as afore said by said Act of Assembly, do here yy proclaim and declare that Sections 23 to 14 4A, both inclusive, of Ar. .icle 33 of the Annotated Code, title ‘Elections” and sub-title “Voting by .vlail,” as enacted by Chapter 934 of he Acts of 194 5 of the General As sembly of Maryland, be and they are lereby terminated and at an end, rom the dat ehereof, to the same ex tent as if they had not been enacted. IN TESTIMONY WHERE OF, I have hereunto sec THE my hand and cau , ed to be affixed GREAT SEAL the Great Seal of the State of Mar. - OF THE land, at the C. tol, in the Cit. e. STATE OF Annapolis, on this 13th day of De MARYLAND cember, in the year of our Lord, One Thous and Nine hun clrea and Forty-Six. HERBERT R. O’CONOR (signed) (SEAL) By the Governor. EDWARD G. CHANEY (signed( (SEAL) Secretary of State make wholesome candy. "For young children, between the ages of three and six, desserts should be limited to simple puddings, stew ed fruit, sponge cake and other easily digested foods. Nuts should not be given to children under six, as they are hard to chew and slow to digest. During adolescence large quantities of rich confections should not be eat en, for they lessen appetite for the exnt meal and may cause skin proo lems. I “If a child does not enjoy his milk as he should it can be made more ap pealing. Using straws like ‘g.own, ups’ at soda fountains or putting milk in a sherbet glass with mering; e on top and calling it ‘liquid ice cream’ may make it attractive, .a. tew drops ol' flavoring that, also colors the milk can change it asppearance and taste. Even the addition of one halp teaspoon of vanilla and a dash of sugar can provide a welcome change.” U. 8. CAPACITY FOR MILK? ‘‘We* don’t know how much milk our people would drink under condi tions ot full employment and iur prices,” Secretary of Agriculture An derson emphasized in a recent ad dress to dairy men. Discussing some features of the long-time prospect for dairying, he continued, “Wartime ex periences have demonstrated that consumption will increase almost phenomenally if incomes are high relative to milk prices. And during the war we had to hold down milk consumption in order to fill other irn i pcrative demands for dairy products. So the war gave us no complete mea. sure. Fluid milk ''onsum r >t'(v> 1’ nm. kituatiun uuiu ociug a rename teat 1 ut joastuner demand."