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The voice. (Cumberland, Md.) 1937-1938, November 17, 1938, Image 1

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Western Maryland
— =.— .
Convention Delegate* Demonstrate As C. I. O.
Chief Lashes Nazis
A five-minute demonstration of the delegates to the C. 1.0.
convention greeted John L. Lewis’ reference ’o the reign of
terror which is being inflicted upon the hapless Jews in tier
In his reference. Lewis said: “I say to my fellow country
men. and I say it to the rich and influential and wealthy
gentiles of America as I say it to the rich and influential
Jews of America, you cannot strike down in this country
through the use of your influence, great as it may be. a pow
erful movement of the workers of this country under the
banner of the C. 1.0.. who stand for equality of protection toi
any group, any minority, any religion that exists in our
The complete reference of John
L. Lewi* to the Nnzi terror follows:
"These are troublous times in the
world of affairs. Great and sinister
forces are moving throughout the.
world, and he is optimistic indeed'
who believes that thn.se forces will
not affect Americans and will not |
have their impart and repercus-]
sions upon the peoples in the West
ern Hemisphere. Democracy is on
trial In the world nnd in the United
States. We want to preserve de
mocracy. We cannot preserve de
mocracy here in our own country if
we eneouraßo as a people the over
whelming tidal wave of criticism,
slander and abuse for an American
institution like the CIO that stands
for the protection of the privileges
of all Americans, whether they be
gentiles or Jews or of any creed or
religion, or any school of thought
that maintains It* self respect for
our Institutions.
"We stand appalled today at
what we witness in Europe.
Whose heart can fall to breome
anguished as hr reads in the
daily press of the terrible
abuses and atrocities and indig
nities and brutalities that are
now being inflirted by the Ger
man government and some of
the German people on the Jew*
of that nation? One of the
most appalling events In his
tory. shameful indeed to our
ooniept of the ethies of our
modern eivilixation which we
honst. harking bark to thr
practice* of the mediaeval agra,
? fh# torture and debasement of a
~ great race of people who only
ask the right to live.
"Our Dec la muon of Independ
ence says that we hold all men to
be created equal That means re
gardless of his creed, his rolor, his
race or his nationality. We lore
gather under that ting and we pro-:
claim that creed, but that principle
is being made a mock in the Ger-;
A many of today. In Germany the
labor movement was first wiped out’
and its leaders were harried and
sent to concentration camps, and
now In progressive fury and in
creasing brutality the German gov
ernment Is found inflicting these
pogroms on the Jewish race.
"The United States of America Is I
under Increasing pressure in the
realm of foreign affairs. The Untied
States of America may one of these
days face a great external crisis.
When this mad. blood-thirsty wolf
of the German governnrnt inflicts
its will upon the defenseless people
of Germany, of Austria ar.d of
Czechoslovakia, and Incites individ
uals in other countries to perpetrate
the same atrocities in Europe, then
it is possible that we will have to
meet the German dictator as he
tries to extend his domain into the
realm of the Western Hemisphere.
If that day comes, who is going to
sustain the United States of Amer- :
lea? Who is going to man Its In
dustries, Who is going to send its
young men to military ranks to en- j
gage in war? Labor—labor! Who
is going to protect the Institutions
of this country, those that are
meritorious? Labor! Who is going
to protect the titles to property and
great wealth down through the gen
erations in America? Labor!
“Who is going to do the suffering
and the dying in the future but the
son* and the daughters of the
workers of this country? The work
ers of this country will never make
anything out of war, they merely
1 work and sweat and fight and die.
Some One else takes the profits.,
Who took the profits In the last
war? Not labor. And If war comes
the United States needs the co
, operation of the millions and mil
, lions of workers that are members
. of the CIO.
Proper Treatment
"In consideration of all at
these tiling*, in consideration of
the fa. t that we are Americans,
, and that we believe in the prin
ciple* of our government, that
we are willing to fight at any
time to maintain that flag, we
are going to ask from those who
her the icnefieUriea f that
■arvice and that attitude and
that policy and that loyalty, we
re going to a*k proper treat
ment ourselves proper treat- i
nwnt ourselves! And I ha**
cvlrry confidence that oar gov
ernment and lur state depart- 1
ment will make emphatic rep- i
moil tattoo* to the German
gei eminent, protesting the ac
liotiH of that governmnit In
k I'
permitting these atrocities to be
inflirted on thr Jewish people.
1 I say to the government of the
United State* If, as and when
' it tskrs that action, thr twenty
million member* of the CIO and
tlirir dependents will support
the government and uphold it*
i hand*.
“The old order changes. Neither
opposition nor misrepresentation Is
1 going to destroy the existence of
1 the CIO as a living entity, and the
people In high places in America
who are now using their influence,
through great newspapers and pub
lications, who have opened the
■ sluice gates ol adverse propaganda
1 against the CIO In America, will
1 awaken to the fact that their ef
forts are futUe and that the day
may come when they. Individually,
will be rushing to the CIO and beg
ging for its protection for then
special privileges and their wealth "
Local Heads At
CIO Convention
In Pittsburgh
John T. Jones Heads State
Most of Western Maryland's
labor leaders are absent from their
customary posts this week and In|
attendance at the first convention of
the Committee fat Industrial Or- 1
rantzaticn, whirl** was* twllri, to
’order last Monday at the Grotto.'
107 E Montgomery avenue. Pitts
John T Jones,,president District
No 16. United Mine Workers of
America and head ol the Maryland I
and District of Columbia ClOi
Council, headed the State delegation
.which Included Clyde D. Lucas. 1
business manager of Local 1874.
Celanese Workers Industrial Union
and president of Western Md.. In
dustrial Union Council; James B
Collins, president Local 13. United
Brick and Clay Workers of Mt.j
Savage; J P Dolphin and Robert
Oaltens of the United Mine Work
ers district field staff.
William F. Kelly, regional dlrec- :
tor TWOC and David Watkins, also
jary in attcmjpnce at the historic
gathering. James Blackwell, editor'
Voice of Labor, is also present.
Loral Visitor*
Several Allegany county unionists
have made dally visits to the con- 1
ventlon on their day off work,,to sit
among the observers of what all
believe to be the most significant!
labor gathering the the present cen-!
tury. j
Local labor unions, affiliated with
the CIO, will be given full reports
of the procedings upon the conclu-!
slon of the convention, which is |
expected to remain in session until
next week end.
Send Delegates
To Synthetic
Yarn Meeting
Local 1874 Reoresented At |
Washington |
- i
Local 1874, Celanese - 1
the Synthetic Yarn conference flail- 1
cd by the Textile Workers’ Organiz
ing Committee at Washington. D.
‘C„ last week-end. * ]
Those who represented the local i
union were: Arthur Schusterman. i
president; Clyde D. Lucas, business i
manager; Naomi Sheets, James A. i
Dundon and Boyd Coleman. 1
William F. Kelly, regional ditec- (
tor, TWOC. was present. I
Full Reports I
The conference lasted for two I
days, on Saturday and Sunday, at
the. Annapolis hotel in Washington. 1
D. C. t
Full reports of the sessions aye 1
now being prepared and will appear ’
In an early edition of the Voice or ‘
■ 4 .
Washington —The Textile WorMps
Organizing committee has been car- <
tilled by the National Labor Re
lations Board aa the sole bargain- ’
ing agency for workers at the FWt
Schuyler Knitting Company, Utica, <
N. Y. The Board’s action was baaed
on an election won 85 to 44 by the 1
CIO union over an AFL local. *4
'jff ” , *'*. JK;
*r- ™
• Zrmnm
, /'H m '%aKgk
Im/ H &
John Unis, brad of the I'nited Mine Worker* of America and
chieftain of the Committee for Industrial Organization, this week as
sembled the first convention of the C. 1. O. affiliated unions In Pittsburgh
for the purpose of forming a permanent national organization.
Spineless Company Union Gives In
To Employers’ Demands
Many employees of the l.uke Mill of the West Virginia
Pulp and Paper Company are urging that active steps
against the ten percent wage cut be organized, we are told
ns we go to press. The wage cut was made effective as of the
first of November.
j Mutterlngs and murmuring* of
'the past week arc becoming more
■and more of an organized nature in
the great mill of the West Virginia
’Pulp and Paper Company at Luke
as the decision of the management
to Impose a ten percent wage slash
has been mnde effective,
j The proposed cut was first an
nounced last month by the so
called Employees Protective Asso
ciation. whose official* are being,
.subjected to a tremendous barrage
of criticism and hostility by the
disillusioned worker*.
The most frequent criticism heard
is that workers of this area who
{are organized In the C. I O unions 1
have maintained their wage rate*
.and in some instances Increased
i them.
Then, the announcement of last
week end that the railroad unions j
had been victorious in their opposi
tion to a fifteen percent proposed
cut created further discontent
among the pulp and paper mill men
Rising food prices and stearitij
| increasing commodity price* are be
'ing referred to by the workers who
ifeel that present price levels Ju*Uf\
demands for an increase rather
1 ihan being given a wage cut.
EPA Through
I Wherever one goes among the
workers the resentment and discon
tent is openly expressed and sev
eral of the smaller storekeepers and
business men are similarly of the
belief that the cut is unnecessary
.and unjustified.
! Some of the workers say that they
j believe the move was made to off
set expected calls for wages raise:
which are expected to come from all
workers as soon as the trade in-:
crease and Its further price raises I
become apparent.
I One thing is certain, that in con
versation with the workers, their,
Employees Protective Association is
' being roundly condemned for Its
| conduct and attitude and that
whatever is the outcome or results
of the wage cut that the “E. P. A",
as it is called, is very definitely
j "through”.
I As one worker adequately said;
1"I have paid money for lots of ujjf
'less things In my life—but this is
the first time that I have ever paid*
to be given a wage cut. We always
knew the officials were company
stooges, but this is the finish for all
of us here. Their tricks and theirl
baloney won't work any more”.
Big Dough
In May last this paper pub
lished a list of the salaries paid by
the West Virginia Pulp and Paper
Company to some of its higher ex
ecutives and we wrote "it might be
useful for the workers at the Luke,
Md.. plant of the Pulp and Paper
Company to cut this section out for
future reference, especially when
any suggestion of wages cuts may
be made”.
As it Is possible that some work
ers did NOT cut the section out
we are reprinting the salaries. They
Thomas Luke, president. .$41,1M.M
Adam K. Luke, vice- pres
ident and treasurer. .. 47.188.66
John R. Miller, fice pres
ident 1 58488.70
Henry F. Harrtsfln, sales
manager 33488.83
George L. Miller, plant 1
manager 38,68347]
Thomas F. Stirling, plant
manager 39,86837
Charles W. Luke, depart
ment manager A ’17,783.00
Malcolm Pirate. consult-
• 9 The
Local 1874 TWOC
Wires Protest
Cf Nazi Terror
Ask President And Seer*-I
tary Of State To Act
Tlie General Committee of Local
1874. TWOC. Celanese Workers'
Industrial Union, yesterday tele
graphed to President Roosevelt and
Secretary of State Cordell Hull pro
testing the Nazi reign of terror'
against the Jews and other nunori-l
ties In Hitler Germany,
i The telegrams pointed out that
our nation is founded upon freedom;
and democracy, with the rights ofj
minorities being respected, and that j
the officials and membership of thej
local union were appalled at the;
atrocities and terrorism being prae-;
need in Germany.
They asked that the United;
States continue the official protests
at the acts of barbarism.
A telegram was also sent to the
CIO convention at Pittsburgh ex-j
pressing the good wishes of the;
membership and urging that anj
adequate peace program, retaining
the principles of the CIO, be
I adopted.
Local C. I. O. Council Makes
Ready For State Convention
Appoints Committee to Prepare Pleasant Stay in
Cumberland for Visiting Delegates; Meet is
Planned for December 7-8 and 9th
President Clyde D. Lucas of the,
Western Maryland Industrial Union
Council last Thursday named an
arrangement committee to make all
local plans for the convenience of
i visiting delegates and the full ar-,
itrangcments for the Second Annual
State Convention of the affiliated,
CIO local unions In Maryland and i
the Distrirl of Columbia.
Those named were Ralph Beard.;
J. P. Dolphin, Mrs. Bernadette|
Trost. Arthur Schusterman andi
James Blackwell who will eooperate
with John T. Jones, president and
Sidney R. Katz, secretary-treasurer
of the State Organization.
The Maryland and District of Co
lumbia Industrial Union Council
was organized in Baltimore last
November at the first annual con- '
ventlon of CTO unions and was
attended by more than three hun
dred delegates representing miners. ;
textile, clothing, steel, automobile,
laundry, rubber, white collar, gov
ernment. sugar and other workers.
No Meeting Thanksgiving
The delegates at the last Thurdgy
session of the Western Maryland
Industrial Union Council also vot- 1
ed to postpone the regular session
which would fall on Thanksgiving
Day to the following Thursday, De- i
cgjnber Ist.
The Council's delegate to the i
State Convention will be elected at i
the meeting, and of course all reg-jl
ular business will be transacted, ji
The State Convention sessional I
will be cunduaa'. at the UntMji
Rubber Workers J ail, third floor, tali
Congress Of Industrial
Organizations Is Name
Of CIO Permanent Body
President John L. Lewis read the following tele
gram to the delegates at the first day’s session oi
the Pittsburgh Convention: —
Dear Mr. Lewis:
Will you please extend my greetings and best
wishes to the delegates in attendance at the Con
vention of the Committee for Industrial Organi
zation and my regrets at being unable to accept
your kind invitation to be present.
The wage earners of the United States have
made great progress in recent years in regard to
wages, hours of labor, general working conditions
and economic security. This has been made possi
ble through their cooperation with other great
groups of Americans in formulating and carrying
out a progressive program to elevate labor stand
ards in the public interest. If the great gains al
ready made arc to be consolidated for the benefit
of workers as well as management, it is essential
that there be cooperation among the wage earning
groups and because of this, I venture to express the
hope, as I did also to the American Federation of
Labor Convention delegates, that every possible door
to access to peace and progress in the affairs of
organized labor in the United States be left open.
Continued dissension can only lead to loss of
influence and prestige to all labor. On the other
hand, collective bargaining will be furthered by a
united labor movement making for cooperation, and
labor peace will be in the interest of all Americans.
I hope the Committee will have a successful
Very sincerely yours,
Laffey Paugh of
Barnum, Killed
Robert Smith. Recording Secre
tary of United Mine Workers of
America. Local Union files. Bloom
ington. writes us saying that the
heartfelt sympathy of the local
membership is extended to the be
reaved family of Brother Laffey
Paugh of Barnum. W. Va.. who was
killed in an accident on November
2, 1938.
Council Meeting
Is Postponed
The Western Maryland Industrial
Unions Council session will not be
held on Thursday next owing to
the Thanksgiving holiday falling on
that date.
The meeting will be held or.ej
week later. Thursday. December I.J
at which time a delegate to the;
state convention of the CIO will be;
South Mechnnic street, and large
contingents are expected to attend
from Baltimore and Washington, D
j Calls for the Convention have al-j
, ready been sent to affiliated local
unions and they are expected to
j elect their delegates at their next
! meeting.
It is necessary to send the Dupli
cate Credential to the Secretary- 1
! Treasurer's Washington D. C. office
! prior te the opening date of the
Convention. The Original Creden
tial must be presented by the dele
gate to the Credentials Committee
at the Convention.
The holding of the Convention at!
Cumberland will mark the first oc- 1
caslon In a number of years that a
State wide labor gathering has been '
held here.
Previous decisions to meet here
were changed owing to the strong
industrial union membership of ‘
Western Maryland being not to the
liking of the old line craft union
ists whose intrigues and maneuver
ing for leadership and control of
the Btate movement invariably pro
vided one of the lighter sides of
the respective conventions.
The calling of the State Conven
tion for December 1-8 and 9th will
■lake tt possible for full repolls
of the National CIO Convention
now being haid In Pittsburgh to
.hive been fi\n to local unipo and
ear tfee delegates to the State body I
to make y towrnuy plans for gtv- 1
jpg effect to policies decided upon i
Un MMbmrgtti POqSK’ 1 i
• i Labo#~
an ( BALI 0.
: V .ar ' *- v * -- - \% ♦♦♦ V V
WPA Stewards
Meet Tonight
At Ellerslie
The project stewards of the WPA
Allegany County Stewards' Council
will meet tonight 'Thursday' In
their regular session at the P. O S
of A. hall in Ellcrt-lle. announces W
E. George, county chairman of the
| The regular order of business will
'be taken up.
i All stewards are asked to be in
The ClO—A Mighty
Force For Freedom
By John L. Lewis
The introduction and conclusion of Chairman John L. Lewis's epoch-making report to the CIO
convention at Pittsburgh.
! This is an historic occasion. Todny we fit the j
roof-tree in a mighty new house of labor. . Where
three years ago there was only an idea in the minds
of a lew men, there now stands a structure as solidly
j built as if of stone and steel.
This is an occasion for rejoicing among the pro
ponents of advancing democracy, among men of good
' will.
It is an occasion for gloom only among those to
whom real democracy means the loss of their excess 1
'privileges, among those who seek the subjection of
the common people.
The proponents of democracy in many lands ate
fighting a losing battle against torces of anti
democracy and political immorality. In many coun- j
tries tyranny has supplanted freedom. More and
more each day our nation looms a.s the guardian ol
human liberty and justice. It is not an'easy trustee
Our people in this movement know how hard
it is to preserve their rights and their liberty—even
within democracy. They have battled against vio
lence, brutality and calumny. The forces of public
order have been perverted against them. And yet
our people have not faltered In their conviction that
they have rights which must not be destroyed,
j "Cynical Untruths”
The agencies of public information have boiled
with jeremiads against the Committee for Industrial
Organization. On no other occasion of modern times
lias the American ideal of free press been so sullied.
The loyalty of the members and friends of the CIO
through these ito.ma of falsity shows again the
American people will not be misled by cynical un
truths and bitter misrepresentations.
There are those who misunderstand us. our
alms and our methods: there are some who have
been misled about us through lack at knowledge
and perception. From them we seek only what
Is the right of every American a fair Judgment
upon the facta. We are firm la tUtrcoavictMi
that such a Judgment can only hr that our move
ment must prow ever stronger If democrubf la to W S
continue to survive.
Aid to Democracy
The CTO has brought body and substance to the ,
Idea ef progressive democracy and economic stability. ;
It hu finally a&suttiecl j
A Weekly Newspaper For the People
Pittsburgh Convention Opens With 476
Delegates Present; Membership
Now Totals 4,037,877
Peace Committee’s Report Is Accepted
Four hundred and seventy-six delegates are in attendance
here at the historic First Constitutional Convention of the
C. 1.0.
From all sections > i the United States and Canada they
have come to weld the jiermanent organization of industrial
workers, to consolidate the gains already made in the field
jof industrial organization and to widen them.
Striking scene of enthusiasm art being witnessed here in
an atmosphere which is filled with hope and conf ience ter
the future.
Chairman John L. Lewis was the subject, at th Tm
'afternoon session, of a rec eption the like of which has m r
,been experienced at a labor gathering. For tw or, v
(minutes the delegates and visitors chipped, whistled ami bent
a tattoo on the convention tables in their express m '
• proval of the submission of the officers’ report
During John L. Lewis’ opening convention spe 5 re
marks were also stopped for two five-minut
enthusiastic acclaim of the convention,
i Convention business has proceeded well ■.* i of the
(schedule, with all delegates showing a desire to keep strict./
to the matters in hand.
The contrast between this convention and th one r eld
recently by the A. F. of L. is a sharp one. Theix is a wide
representation of younger men and women among the dele
gates, a much more democratic administration and a more
evident desire to get things done.
The proceedings were o]>onod by
P. T. Pagan of the Steel City In
dustrial Union Council, and the
convention started with invocations
by the Rev. A. E. Simon, pastor of
(the Trinity Lutheran Church. Clair
ton, and Rev Charles O. Rice of
i Holy Rosary Catholic ChurriL
I A commuter representing the La-;
idles' Auxiliary of the United Elec-;
trical and Radio Workers of Mc-i
a Kersport came to the platform and
presented President Lewis with
several bouquets and a picture.
Hon. Cornelius D. Scully, mayor of
“ Pittsburgh, welcomed the delegates
n to Pittsburgh.
3.; Peace Program
• , Tlie convention accepted the re
port of its peace committee unani
mously and concurred in the con
clusion which that body made.
1! reading.
"The CIO states with finality
n that there can be no compromise
with its fundamental pur]x>se and
aim of organising workers Into pow
r erful industrial unions, nor with Its
■ obligations to fully protect the
‘ rights and Interests of all Its mem
i bers and affiliated organizations,
f The C. 1.0. accepts the goal of unity
:n tlie labor movement and declare*
t j that any program for the attain*
jment of such foal must embra'a a t ct
■ an essential prelude these funda
■ | mental purposes and principles.*
■| The adoption of the report was
1, proceeded by almost two hours of
i debate, In which the delegates ex
. pressed themselves on the most
f burning Issue before the conven
i tlon.
Adopt Name
Tlie constitution committee's re
■ port called for the name of the
■ permanent organization to be "The
■ Congress of Industrial Organize
. tlons,” which was accepted unani
mously by the convention. It will
be noticed that the renowned Inl
■ tlaLs 'CI O'' are retained in the
I name.
Tlie program of the CIO has a two-fold purpose.
The first is to bring security and liberty to those who
work for their living. In achieving this it’s our
conviction that wc implement the second purpose,
the creation of economic and social stability. It Is
■ only upon such economic stability that a lasting dem
ocratic form of government can exist. In the political
field wc seek to advance these economic alms and to
help preserve the liberty necessary to attain them.
New Liberties
To millions, because of this movement, the word
liberty" has acquired new meaning. Often those who
seek only license for their plundering, cry “liberty."
In the guise of this old American ideal, men of vast
economic domain would destroy what little liberty
remains to those who toll
fhe liberty we seek is different. It b liberty
for common people—freedom from economic
bondage, freedom from the oppressions of the vast
bureaucracies of great corporations, freedom In
regain again some human initiative, freedom that
arises from economic security and human self
No people know better than tho workers in this
great industrial city how those aims of the CIO are
translated into the facts of dally life. Here eooe wag
a center of economic oppression. Here now Ip rising
a new structure of industrial peace and Bbertft,
We are here to dedicate a labor movement, a
labor movement bom of economic necessity, impelled
| by the unquenchable desire to better the lot of fellow
men. and led onward by the lust prtndpim triwti ,
which our nation was founded. SS - m
In n lies the hope of America . . .
The rongolng oonetlides the report of the
man ol the Committee for Industrial qrgeaisatkjn
growth of our moveaymt. As an historic chtMt&e it
deplete work accomplished and objectives a teamed of
what Is perhaps the most remarkable dewtegfttSlt is
economic history.
The implications and rspercusskmy mUheht Item
the formation of the Committee tm/mUßmm*-
*ni zatfonari^tent* and lar-reaching, ’

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