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The voice of labor. (Cumberland, Md.) 1938-1942, December 01, 1938, Image 2

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Entered as second-class matter March 35. 193* at
the post ofllce at Cumberland Mar land, under the
Act of March 3. 187#.
Published by Western Maryland Industrial Union
Council Affiliated with the Committee (or
Industrial Organization
James Blackwell. Managing Editor
Clyde I> Lucas, Sec.-Trras.
Yearly Subscription *1 no
Mailed to any address weekly
Address all communication* to P O Bo\ .’l4
Cumberland, Md
1.. E. Van Sant, Advertising Manager
Room IS, Second Floor. Liberty Trust Building
VOL. 2 December 1.19:’. 8 NO. 10
The Kelly Stoppage
W e wontler how yon would foci if some
one walked along the street, busted you in
the eye, and then you were dragged to the
police court and lined for being assaulted?
The situation is comparable with what
happened in the Kdlv plant two weeks ago.
1 Only in this case the man who was so un
k justly treated, had the full force of the local
rubber workers union behind him tin fact
it is this circumstance which probably led
to the management's decision).
A union man was attacked by a non
unionist. He had never uttered a word. The
management's decision was that it would be
completely "impartial" and suspend for one
week both the aggressor and the assaulted
, It is hard to understand the logic
which could lead to the making of such an
unjust decision.
It was so hard for union men to under
stand that they sent their committee to the
management to ask for further information.
The management was unable to make
the thing look fair in the eyes of the com
mittee or in the eyes of the rank and file of
na union.
The sense of injustice was sufficient to
cause the entire production of the Kelly
plant to be stopped and the action was given
approval by a unanimous vote of the workers
who attended the union meeting at the end
of the first day’s stoppage.
The plant remained closed all last week.
Union men lost their week's work and pay
in their determination to serve an ideal—
as an emphatic protest against injustice.
It has been expensive to them. It will
cause hardship, no doubt to many. But the
struggle for justice has always meant just
that! It has meant misery and suffering to
achieve an end.
We hope that the end has been served.
We hope that the Kelly plant manage
ment will now see what even the recent
$4,500.00 judgment against them apparently
failed to do—that is, their workers are a
disciplined, organized group of men who are
determined to be a little more than cogs in
an industrial machine.
The Goodyear Tire Company, owners
of the Kelly plant, has a very unsavory re
cord in labor relations as was disclosed in tin
sensational disclosures before the Senate
Civil Liberties Committee. Perhaps last
week's demonstration that they will not Li
able to produce tires at the local plant until
they act squarely with the workers will be a
lesson to them.
Ihe discipline of last week's stoppage
must be commented upon.
Not one arrest, not one injury, not one
picket—and not one tire produced when tin
membership of the Local Union 26. United
Rubber Workers of America gave the man
agement notice that its actions were dis
pleasing and unjust.
The local management has already been
adjudged guilty of violations of the National
Labor Relations Act over a long period of
time. It has paid the penalties to the tune
of more than $4,500 to its wronged em
It seems to be amply demonstrated that
local supervision is sadly out of accord with
the "ney freedom” which is supiiosed to lx
the rule between employer and worker.
To the members of Local 26, United
Rubber Workers of America, should go the
praise and good wishes on the victory which
in the eyes of righteous men is theirs.
Let Us Be Fair
Let us be fair to the employers who have
no rights under the Wagner Act which gives
workers the rights to organize free of co
ercion and to engage in collective bargaining.
Let us suspend any union member who is
caught blackjacking, thugging, or beating
his boss for joining the Chamber of Com
merce or the Liberty League.
' On Editorials
At the recent CIO convention Hey wood
1 Broun said that "much of the dirty work of
the press is done by headlines."
Broun is right, but he should have also
given the editorial columns some criticism.
Cumberland, particularly, seems to pre
sent some grand examples of w hat editorial
columns can descend to.
In the reputed Republican paper we read
with monotonous regularity the condemna
tions of New Deal spending.
Week after week it damns WPA. PWA,
federal relief and other governmental plans
to aid the hungry with a line impartiality.
Just as regularly it fails to say definitely
how the millions of the nation’s hungry
should lie eared for. Of course they should
have jobs in private industry, but until those
i jobs miraculously arrive, it seems that the
New Deal should stay still and let 'em starve.
What else can be read into the local papers
It is also interesting to notice that
neither of the local papers have written one
editorial word on the decision of the Celanese
Corporation to move the Weaving Shed from
Amcelle to Williamsport. Pennsylvania, leav
ing more than 400 local weavers stranded.
It is interesting to notice the silence of the
local press because it has not hesitated to
speak on conditions at the Celanese plant
previously. Kvcn the management’s own de
cision to throw loeal people on the scrapheap
and bring in out of towners to fill reportorial
positions should not account for the silence!
Then, the evening paper which became
so hysterical during the city elections last
March seems to have been stricken with a
muteness. Do your recall the strange froth
ings which the editor made at outsiders dur
ing that campaign? Contrast its position
then with its decision to throw aside local
people who have given many years of their
life as it brings in the “hated outsiders."
Ihen. after you give thought to some
o! these strange happenings, you might re
call the breast beating of the press in its
decisions to defend the freedom of the press.
Then recall that not one word of editorial
condemnation has come from either the Cum
berland News or the Cumberland Evening
i tmes at the strangling of freedom of press
by the City Solicitor’s ruling that the de
cision of the U. S. Supreme Court on handbill
distribution is of no force and effect here in
! Cumberland.
It is well to think over these situations
at times when there are no elections to dis
tract the public mind.
In them you will find the reasons for the
need of building a strong and independent
labor press throughout America. Because
only through its own press will labor ever
get its point of view presented with clarity
and consistency.
No Comment!
Ihe Celanese Corporation of America
has decided and has commenced to move the
machinery of the Weave Shed from the local
plant to Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
The weavers, through Local 1871. Cel
anese Workers Industrial Union of the
TWOC. have protested the change. The local
union has been told by management officials
that the decision has not been reached on
grounds of labor costs or other labor factors.
A committee of the weavers affected has
approached the County Commissioners seek
■ g their aid in having the operation retained
. | hev have sent telegrams to Governor
Harry U. Nice and Governor-Elect Herbert
R. O Conor, asking that they try and have
■ne management act responsible in the sit
The Governor promptly answered the
local union with the information that he had’
sent the Celanese Corporation of America
"an earnest message.”
Ihe local press followed up with the
management and was told that they had
received the Governor’s message, but they!
had "no comment.” How times change!
U hat a perfect example whe have of the
complete irresponsibility of a corporation.
Just recall how much fuss and state
ments there have been over the proposal to
have the Savage River dam built so that the
Celanese Corporation operation can be ex
tended. There seemed to be plenty of com
ment then! Press, politicians, management,
labor unions, Chamber of Commerce and the
man in the street joined in .
Rut now that four hundred workers, or
ex-workers, are being abandoned by the Cel
anese Corporation of America and the Gov
ernor of the State of Maryland asks that
some reconsideration be given, the manage
ment has only the laconic answer that there
is "no comment.”
And, it seems also, that the only group
who has the backbone to stand up and call
the management a bunch of irresponsible.*
is the labor unions and their press.
The Celanese Corporation of America 1
stands indicted before the decent thinking j
1 I
j \ divide!
■j \ L |
| \'
JR The slogan fta slogan
? x // 0F 0F IWt i
* r // reactionary progressive 1
i; * i f t f 5
;; I lllf '■!!!■ P UPliml -'lllllH '
I* §
v "All for one and one for all” was literally applied last
JJ week as members of Local 26. United Rubber Workers of
' y America closed down production when one of their members a
was suspended by the management for being assaulted by a *
non-unionist. No arrests, no violence, no picket line marked
up a big success for the CIO affiliate. Incidentally there
1 y were no tires produced. 2
!|| i
Too Many Poor Are Sick
Executive Director. Good Neighbor League
Sickness and death rates in the United
States are of vital interest to the workers of
America, because in normal times about
eighty percent of the poverty in this country
may be charged against sickness, and death
rates steadily increase as the rate of wages
goes down. In the major diseases, which are
the cause of three-fourths of all deaths, the
death rate among workers who receive less
| than SI,OOO a year is twice that of the rest
’ of the population.
The United States Public Health Service,
in charge of Miss Josephine Roche of Col
orado, who is favorably known to labor, has
just issued a statement which declares that
death rates have reached a low of only 11.0
per 1,000 of the population.
This is probably the lowest death rate
of any country in the world, with the excep
tion of Australia and New Zealand, although
in several States in this country, the death
rate is fully as low as it is in these two
This is cheering news, because undoubt
edly this steady decrease in death rates also
affects the workers of America. However,
the sickness and death rates are still far too
high. On the average day, Miss Roche re
Looking Ahead By LEN DE CAUX
The CIO Convention ■■■■
The CIO continued Its habit ol
breaking precedents, at the Pitts- i
burgh convention. f
The first session, o! the new Con- <
gtesa of American labor was one <■
of the hardest-working and most
businesslike conventions on record, c
AFL conventions arc usually oe
caMons for rest, recreation and I
whoopee. They proceed at leisurely fc
pace, with most of the first week rie- u
voted to outside speakers, and vari- a
oua adjournments for live sake of a (;
good time. j
But the CIO convention did all t
I its work in four and a half days. |
i It accomplished this leat. not by a
Hong and wearying sessions ilhe v
day's sessions began at 9:30 and end-ir
rd at 4:30i, but by well-planned
concentration of effort i
There was plenty of discussion v
!of important issues. But CTO busi-a
ness came first. There were hardly i:
any outside speakers. Anri the unanl- p
inity of sentiment on basic issues tl
kept debate strictly to the point.
Ilappv Days s
The CIO delegates, nirrting 1
in one of the great industrial 1
renter* which AEI. conventions 1
tend to avoid, showed them- c
selves to be serious-minded men 1
and women with a deep sense | c
of responsibility to the indus
trial worker* whom thry rrprr- ’
They did not come at Pitt*- 0
burgh for a spree, nor for a va- c
ration from workaday rare*, >
hut to perform an important
duty for American labor.
Yet there are few of them who
will not consider their days In Pitts
burgh among the happiest and best
spent in their lives. For good-fel
lowship there was in plenty and
comradeship in a common cause,
that more than compensated for the
lack of the usual convention fri
Those who took part in the work
of those few busy days will find lt ( u
difficult for sonic time to summarize li
their Impressions. There were so s
many significant happenings crowd- 1 !
ing one on top of another. 1 a
ports, 4.000.000 or more persons in the
Uni tori States are disabled by illness. Of
course, many more are ill, but they go to
work anyway. But every year 70,000,000
lose more than one billion days from work.
The total cost of illness and premature death
is approximately $10,000,000,000 a year.
No physician’s care is received in 30
percent of serious illness among relief fam
ilies. none in 28 percent of such illnesses in
families just above the relief level. The
babies of the poor die at a rate five times
higher than the babies of the moderately
well-to-do. Fifty million Americans are in
families receiving less than SI,OOO per year
! income. Medical care decreases sharply a.<
the need for it increases.
It is natural to infer that decreased
death rates is accompanied by a decrease in
the amount of sickness, but it does not neces
sarily follow that the decrease of sickness
rates is in the same ratio as the decrease in
death rates, because progress in medical
treatment has so steadily advanced that cer
tain diseases arc now curable, whereas in
earlier times they proved fatal.
The big job is to have the poor of our
country receive the benefit both of preven
tive and curative measures. To this end our
Government is doing more than is generally
credited to it. particularly as it operates
through its Public Health Service.
But one impression perhaps domi
nates all others, and that is the
feeling of having participated in
events of historic, national and
even world importance
Consider some of the high-spots
of the convention:
The opening speech of John L.
Lewis, with its defiance ol Nazi
barbarism, in which American labor
assumed leadership in world affairs
and found an eloquent voice to ex
press Its determination to resist the
extontion of Fascism to the Western
The reports on membership, fin
ances and representation which re
vealed the power and solidity of the
new labor movement.
The morning -long discussion on
labor unity, which showed that the
whole convention was of one mind
in Its desire for a unified labor
movement and Us determination to
protect the hard-won rights of in
dustrial organization.
The debate incidentally was in
sharp contrast to the speeches at
the Houston convention of the AFL.
in that no time was spent in abus
ing tlie older movement and all the
concentration was on the construc
tive work of the CIO and the ne
cessity for continuing it.
The spontaneous and enthusias
tic demonstration for John L. Lewis
that came unexpectedly at the end
of the report of the Committee on
Officers’ reports,
streamlined Constitution
The adoption of Uie newt
constitution, which with it* bre
vity, simplicity, and democratic
character la a model, stream
lined document skillfully adapt
ed to the need* of a modern,
streamlined labor movement.
The resolution for a joint or
ganising campaign In the South
with the remarkable series of
speeches which It drew forth
from southern delegates.
The two minutes of dead alienee
in honor of the strikers shot down
In the Chicago massacre. As the
seconds ticked on. all thoughts
turned to matters of life and death,
and the great gathering became.
■ one body In its .solemn dedication
• to a great cause.
1 The oratory on the Ford resolu-
I tlon and the determination shown
by the convention that this last
> stronghold of industrial feudalism
must lie won for collective bargain- ;
. mg.
I The unprecedented and prolonged
• ovation which greeted the nomina
s tlon of John L. Lewis as first presi
■ dent of tlie Congress of Industrial
• Organizations—a demonstration that
I was without parallel in any AFL i
From start to finish of the con- \
• veiltlon. there could be no question i
■ m the minds of anyone present j
that a leader had arisen with the •
i genius to express the hopes and as- ]
• pirations of the millions of worker.- I
I represented, and that Lewis sym- j
■ bollzed all that the movement stands ■
> j for to an extent which is the for-;!
I tune of few leaders.
I Democratic, businesslike, purpose- j
i ful. enthusiastic and united, the con- j
, vention of the CIO laid the foun-l!
, datlon of a new and lasting Con- 1
• tress for American working people.'
■ through which their desires may
• find expression and through which
they may work for the attainment
of their great social objectives.
■■■■■ a
l I
Real Competitive
Healthful Sport
Bowl and Moot
Your Frienda at
34 N. Mechanic Street
> I a
I Mrrneath t rlnrr I mti
r. J. STAKKM. frp. j
We Wrote It I
One Year Ago!
Delegates ol both A. F ol L. anti
C. I. O unions met together at the
Textile Hall and formed the Alle
gany County branch of Labor s Non
Partisan League. Repeal ol the city
picketing ordinance was advanced
as the main legislative object of the'
group. W. Henry Frazier, of the
A. F. of L. International Typograph
ical Union, was elected first chair
CIO and AFL peace conference
was resumed in Washington with
Philip Murray, chairman of the CIO
group, offering a five point iieaec
program as a basis for discussion.
AFL had three representatives and
CIIO had ten at the sessions
United Mine Workers officials an
nounced that a relercndum would
be conducted among members to
ratify the extension of the existing
Anthracite agreement for another
me year period said John L
Lewis: "The representatives of the
United Mine Workers of America
Pave been endeavoring to cooperate
with the operators, the state and
the federal governments to remove
<ome of the causes of the present
deplorable conditions"
Macon Cl. Williams, of the local
office of the Social Security Board
advised persons that lump sums
nay be due them if they have reach
fd 65 years of age and are still em
ployed in industry. 501 old age
rlatms had been filed In Maryland.
"Mayhem, murderous assault and
1 Gift Values I
a ♦
* In Smart Accessories *
| for “HER” .. . Quality 5
S Furnishings for “HIM”
* .♦
ft ******
S Outfit the Entire Family in Hoii*
J day Clothes With One Account! jjj
No Extra Charge for Credit Terms.
£ %
ft ****** (ft
5* 82 Baltimore St., Cumberland
d *
jj Maryland Maid |
if in, §
| ' I
I Made from a morvelous old-fime recipe, chock full
of fruits and nuts The kind of cake that keeps and X
grows better for aging. Give them to your friends as X
Christmas gifts, order two or three for your own X
family. Really better than you can make at home. A
Maryland Maid £
The Community Baking Co 1
kidnaping liuvc been committed
with Impunity in some cities against
American citizens whose only ol
lense has been that they were union
organizers. Some of these crimes
have been rommiitrd under circum
stances In which the criminals
could not possibly have escaped le
tcctlon unless the police had been
under Instructions that crimes
against these people were to be un
punished." said J Warren Madden
addressing the United .States Con-
Icrence ol Mayors
"The Holy See regards as just and
timely the corrections which me
Archbishop of Detroit made in ref
erence to rrmarks of Father Cough
lin published on October sth." said
His Holiness Po|ie Pitts I as a con
troversy raged here on the Royal
Oak priest's derogatory remarks on
President Roosevelt.
?*> Nnrlh Mechanic Street
• FORD’S •

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