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Western Maryland /J|x Industrial - .
■ ■ I fIH tflH |7V y h HUB AIB HHfe ""Tt” wDIEwikHBDR““ VOLI'ME :! - No. 2. ! State CK I ill Ask O'Cosior ; eto Sabotage All CIO local urcr.s in the Slr.te of Maryland will join with / :. r.rd F.c.’ cr.d Crcthcrhaod 0.-ganizetions in asking Gov- cr Herbert K. o‘Conor to veto Senate Bill 117, passed by the recent session of the Maryland General Assembly. 1 he B;il is destined to cripple labor organizations and their i ffcctlvo functicn’ng under the pretense of national defense. Lcg slators termed it the “Anti-Sabotage Bill,” but many thou sanes of working people in the State have described it as the Sabotage of Organized Labor Eill. At public healings in Annnpo li on the Dill .several hundreds is' protesting unionists turned out l:i the lure " t labor lobby ever 1; .d in the state Capitol. Vets and I-cgiim Opposed Tne only or. to speak in favor cl the Bill w.-re 1 cpi t sentalives of the American I. , ion and the Yt t rans of I'omuu Wars who i !. >ly : . . ited th in elves as spcaltii : . entire Stale l.; tuber ho < 1 tie .r r. •peclive o: panit’at. n.-. Their ie ctUoii.s were later repudiated by the James I’. 1 ove I*4i t. American I.eplon. t.ons hi.: the 1 arrady tort. American Legion. Frostburg. Maryland aid the Henry Kart I>ost. Veterans of foreign Wars. ( . Wars land. All of the vc. ran organizu ti; as n.i ~ d oi.h ialiy repudiat ed the testimony r the spokes la'tt of their Siate group and sent letters opposing passage r. the BIT I" t;..vcrr.ur tremor and the llause Judiciary Coni rr.t.ee. II •■. • ■:• th • Till sttcce. fully p; ed l: !i lv.iv. s alter brinn pir.c s (::i the li o! "aut :" leg* i Ir ( ••err, or llcrb- ; t It. O'C.lh T. Opponents Ail ctr r.s of or ni/ed labor.. CIO. A. F. i ; L. and railroad or ganic: :io::< oihrailly opposed tlte E:i'. which v.ill make civil rights and labor r: this a farce if sign ed by the Governor. Adequate li . la'.i n :■ 'lust ? allot age and' law! .r/ s i c! reedy on the statu; • b , :.. . labor leaders n.,- s-rt. and the only feature the r .11 t the :.• ht t > throttle 1 . inuue functioning of labor u. . F tf.cv k. k..'. . secretary of the M; ryl: nd an 1 Di trict of Cl -t:tr.‘ a Inch; Union C unci y ' rti. • t. at ! tf r ; i ..11 CTO Unions ndvi inn lit t he had re nt::’ <:1 a pttbiic h".uT.!' h fore Ct ,vcrr. ;:• O'Conor ur, in:; veto of the Bill. Katz requested all affiliated < !:) Ic. al unions lu send letters In the Ciovernor urging a hear ing and veto, betters should be sent at once to Governor Her bert K. O'Ccnor. Mate House Anna noils. Maryland, add . Katz. Meanwhile Lindley Dye, pres ident of the Western Maryland Industrial Union Council asked c'.l Western Maryland CTO local Murray Urges All GO Aid Bridges; Raps Hearings Full support “must bp given to Harry Bridges and definite steps taken to defend him in the present proceedings,’’ Pres. Philip Murray wrote in urging all CIO affiliates to aid in the defense of Bridges against new deportation hearings. The Western Maryland Industrial Union Council at its last meeting received President Philip Murray's letter and voted complete endorsement. Pointing out that Bridges has bmi already acquitted one" ;>I charges brought against him after an 11-week hearing held by the U. S. Labor Department. Murray described the new hearing as "an attempted appeasement ot the at tacks which have come from anti labor sources which are primarily intent upon destroying the Inter na tioti a 1 Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union and there by undermining organized labor c a whole." Undermine Democracy i "Unfortunately there arc indi- ; viduals and groups in our nation , who have been end are continu- ; Ing to be primarily intent upon , destroying labor organizations." i; Murray wrote. "These individuals !| end groups seek to undermine J, American democracy by opposing I ’ the light of workers to organize j end will do so in times of stress;, under the guise of patriots m. One of the most frequent attacks prac ticed by these enemies of labor i i i the one directed against the lead- , ers of labor organizations. 1 1 "Tile is- ucs Involved in the continued attack run beyond questions aUerting Harry J < • unions to be prepared to send representatives to the hearing and announced that information of the hearing date will be promptly sent to the locals. The Western Md. CIO Council will meet tonight 'Thursday) and organize its actions in the mat ter. Dye added. AFL Flays the Sabotage Bill Persistent, but totally uncon firmed reports, are circulating in A. r. o! L. circles in Cumber land that Joseph P. McCurdy, president of the Maryland and D. C. federation ol Labor; and member ot the Maryland Un employment Compensation Board will appear at the public hearing before Governor Her bert P. G'Cor.or to urae that the demand ct organized labor lor veto ol the labor busting Anti- Sabotage bill be favorably con sidered. McCurdy stayed away from the hearing. At the time of going to press tlu VOICE OF LABOR was un able to reach McCurdy for con flrmution of the sen: ationnl re port. The State AFL head is an • extremely busy man. but Cum berland AFL officials pointed out in support of the rumor that the "American Federationist" - official organ of the AFI, this week called . upon all its friends to •'rise in protest against this legislation and help defeat it." Allegany Trades Council officials of the AFL. express the opinion that it will he almost imixx- ible for Mr. McCurdv to remain silen*. In a long article on the Hill in the "Ftdcrrdionisl" Hie AFL writes: "la the name of reason, jus tier and common sense, labor calls upon those who hold true democracy to lir vital to our future, upon all friends of or ganized labor, including those employers with whom millions of union workers have main tained staSiir bargaining rela tions over a period of years, to rise in protest against this legis lation and help deteat it. "Let us defeat the 'wooden slice' cabotage', but not by cracking it over Hie brad of or ganized labor." Bridges," he added. "If pro ceedings of tills deseriplion are to be continued, then it is easy to understand how attaeks of this kind ran follow through j and can be openly directed against organized labor. It is my considered judgment that our affiliated unions and mem bers should lend every practical support in defending Bridges in this ease.” CIO Committer Murray designated an official CIO committee to publicize the j Bridges case and to aid in his defense, consisting of Sherman \ H. Dalrymple, a vice-president of the CIO and president of the j i United Rubber Workers of Amer- ! ; iva* and David J. McDonald ! I secretary-treasurer of the Steel! Workers Organizing Committee. Action of the U. S. Dept, oi | Justice in refusing to grant | Bridges a delay in the hearings., | which began only a week before | i lie Longshoremen's convention j opened, was described by the West Coast Bridges Defense Commit tee as evidence of an intent "to attack labor through the person |of Bridges.” j 69 hnterrd n ••rond dan maitrr At th I’oil Office t I’MUtlHphiw. fa,, under the Act ot Aug 24. IVI2 Local 1874 Holds Annual Celebration April 18th Local 1874 Textile Workers Union of America will hold its Annual Celebration on Friday, April 18 at the Firemen's Hail, in Cresaptown, according to an announcement issued last night by the Special Activities Committee of the celanese workers union. ' i Free to Members The Celebration Is an Annud > atlair held following the installu | tlon of officers and has become one ,! of the largest attended events !ti the community. Eva Chaney, secretary of the ; committee reports that the cele bration will provide a double fea ture tills year, as in addition to the dance the occasion will be usdtl as a send ofl party for the fifteen delegates of Local 1874 to the an nual Textile Workers Union of America Convention which opens in New York City on Monday. April 21st. The dance will get under way at 9 p. m. and will conclude at 1.30 a. m. It will be semi-formal. Music will be provided by the | popular Society Ramblers. Re freshments. both dry and liquid. I will be served. Admission will br free, as uiual. to all members producing membership cards paid up for the month of March. 1911. Delegates During the proceedings on Fri day. the delegates to the National Convention will be- presented They were elected by the member ship three weeks ago. The fifteen Cumberland “Evening Times” Apologizes to John L. Lewis The open season for indiscriminate anil slanderous attacks upon labor leaders in the Cumberland daily press is ended. The season was officially declared closed by the Cumberland Evening Times last Monday when they pub lished an editorial captioned “We lieu Pardon. Mr. Izewis.” The local evening paper badly over-played its hand in two editorials last Wednesday and Friday, and the paper was quick to sense the wrath of members and officers of local unions of the United Mine Workers of r**r*- t - I America. j On Wednesday the Cumborlnn Evening Times editorial questioner Mr. John L. Lewis desire to hav< a speedy end of the loek out at eoal miners, which the Times etii tors termed "a strike." Tile Times declared “There > reason to wonder just how much eooperation may be expected it: this matter from John L. Lewis l. . . . Will he. in the face of the 1 present crisis, rise above any j selfishness which may hate mo ; livated him in the past, and exert ; his influence to bring this strike to a speedy end?" Makes Own Reply Two days afterward the Cum berland Evening limrs printed another editorial eaptioned. "Mr. Lewis Makes Reply." The editorial was a master pieer of misstatrinent and a prime example of how far labor baiters will go in their ceaseless and ignorant attacks upon or ganized labor and its leaders. Plated the Evening Times edi torial. "We would stress the un- j fairness of Mr. Lewis in ruling j against federal mediation. In this I time of emergency he could bring his influence to bear and keep the miners at work pending negotia tions. If a pay increase Is grantui j It could be made retroactive. Un-1 der these conditions the country j would not be handicapped in its lime of need, and miners would lose no time anti public opinion would be less critical than it is now. Not without reason John j Lewis, because of his position, may j consider himself a power in this country. He should not forget.! however, the homely old adage.' 'the bigger they are the harder they fall.’ . . . Mr. Lewis Is not i helping the cause of labor, but lm- 1 peding it. We predict that the j time is not far distant when he and other leaders who put self be | fore every other consideration will j be shorn of their power." Cannot Understand The editorial charged John L. Lewis "Would hamper the defense program of his native country, lie would delay the aid this country is anxious to extend his ancestral Britain, rather than relinquish ' even tor a brief period, the power he knows he can exert in this time of crisis. This is un attitude the j American people, taken by anti i ■ large, cannot understand.” So much for the mouthings of the Cumberland and Evening Times. They made some pretty strong charges against John L. ! Lewis. They accused him of very j serious shortcomings. They said j in effect he was a traitor to the United States. Ordinary people would think that an individual making sucii J charges would take at least a \ I delegates are George A. Meyers. 11 Clyde D. Lucas. Shelton earner. 'Janet Castle. Joseph Barley. Earl | J. Luther. Joseph Nolan. Arthur | Schusterman. Kenneth Toohcy, Naomi Sheetz. John Neal. Jack Thomas, James Stewart. Harold Magruder and William O'Rourke. The delegates will leave Cum t bcrlnnd on Sunday. April 20th. ! Townsend Club Chicken Supper On April 22nd Townsend Club number one of 1 Cumberland will hold a Chicken Supper nt the Rubber Workers Hall. 12 South Mechanic Street. ■ Cumberland on Tuesday. April 22. announces O. J. Morlzfcldt. dub president. The atlair will be held from 5 p. m. to 8 p. m. and will be foi lowed by a program of speakers and musical entertainment. Tickets arc Fifty Cents each, ob- I lainable in advance from club members or at the door. Members of the general public i are cordially invited to attend. f - - ~ ■■ —■ ' ■ ittle Cflort to learn the facts be fore villifying a man. Apparently, though, the Cumberland Times editorial writer, was carried away with tlu- belief that it is still "open rason" to libel Mr. Lewis. Miners Angry Kut. the Cumberland livening Times had not reckoned on the I'nitcd Mine Workers of the Georges Creek. On Saturday morning an angry delegation appeared at the District Office , of the Culled Mine Workers of America in C umberland. They were made up of local union presidents and local union offi cers. These men knew, along with every one else in the coal min ing section except the Times editorial writer, that John L. Lewis had offered in vain to keep the men working after April Ist with any eontraet changes made retroactive to that date. They knew that it was the coal operators who had rejected Lewis' , proposals. | They knew that the criticism and charges of disloyalty to the United States properly rested upon the coal operators and not on John L. Lewis. They knew that for yea; after year the Cumberland Evening Times has baited labor during labor disputes. Delegation And the mine workers wanted something done about the edi torials on John L. Lewis. At first the entire group wished to visit the Times editorial office, but later it was agreed to have Cobcy I Snyder, president of the Eckhart local union United Mine Workers of America and James Blackwell, editor VOICE OF LABOR, make the visit and report back. The interview was both instruc tive and productive. It developed the fuct that the editorial writer was completely ignorant of the proceedings of the negotiations between the United Mine Workers and the coal operators in New York City. It showed with what complete unconcern and inditfer ence a newspaper editor can try and libel a labor leader. It showed that when the man wrote "public opinion would be less critical than it is now" that the "public opinion" was in reality a private opinion of a grossly uninformed newspaper man! The interview also led to the publication of an editorial titled “We Beg Pardon. Mr. Lewis." tn the next issue of the Cumberland Evening Times! Interview Editor In opening the interview the Times writer was asked to read ills Friday editorial and stale If THURSDAY, APRIL 10. 1911 Coal Lockout Continues As Operators Haggle On Terms AFL Retail Clerks In Cumberland Strike WEDNESDAY. April 9. Local 654. Retail Clerks’ Inter national Protective Association (AFL) today called its mem bers on strike at the Rosenbaum Department Store. Picketing was commenced with permits obtained under the city anti-picket law. Union demands according to j Louis Comba. international rep- : resentative. are for a forty hour week, top minimum of $18.50 and a $2 weekly pay boost for those now receiving more than the minimum, two weeks annual paid ! vacation and a closed union shop. Only about twenty per cent of j I the firm's normal sales and work i ! force reported for work after the ; strike order. It is anticipated that the strike ] will spread to other major Bal- i timore Street stores unless satis- i factory terms are reached short- i I>'. The AFL group is seeking the 1 support of the CIO local unions which are in an overwhelming 1 majority as regards purchasers, i Two years ago AFL local officials i condemned the CIO as radical i he believed his charges against John L. Lewis were true and the ’ criticism justified. The editor \ ( started to talk about the "grave j national emergency." the need for 1 "cooperation" and said that he 1 felt he was completely justified. He was then shown a copy of | ] j the Cumberland News front page i : with a six columns headline. "Coal i ■ Operators Reject Lewis' Proposal. * i I Refuse To Keep Mines Running i Pending Accord With The Union. < Employers Say They Acted Be j cause Resolution Makes Pay In- i .creases Retroactive From April ■ ; Ist." I The editor explained by say ing he had written his editorial BEFORE thr story in the Cum- I berland News. It was then pointed out to him that the 1 Cumberland News story ap- I peared on March 14. 1941 and 1 the editorial appeared on April I 4th! This left things looking bad 1 so the editor left for a few 1 minutes to search for a story ' which hr "believed" he had read bearing out his contention that 1 John L. Wewls had refused to keep the mines running and make contract ehangrs retroac tive. Of course the editor was un successful in his search because | no such statement had ever been : made by Mr. Lewis! Tlie editor was very crestfallen. Couldn't understand it. He was 1 again asked if he thought his charges against Mr. Lewis were in accordance with the facts and was asked to explain his conduct. Just Out of Touch Well, it developed that the edi tor had "been out of touch with developments." But. it was pointed ' out by the delegation. Mr. Lewis' offer had been made right at the commencement of joint negotia tions of union and coal operators! I The offer had been reiterated on ' other occasions by mine workers ' conferees and still later by Dr. J. i R. Steelman, federal conciliator. > These ofTers had appeared in the ’ public press, the editor was told. The editor was asked if it was his usual policy to make personal attacks upon labor leaders, lnfer- I ring that they were traitors, wlth ' out first obtaining some factual I data upon which to base the accu ' sat ions. No. it was not the usual pol -1 Icy. "Why. then." he was asked, "did you depart from your usual policy to attack Mr. John L. I Lewis at a time when he is lead > ing the light for hundreds of I thousands ol coal miners? "The editor had no satisfactory an swer. but expressed his great in terest in the welfare of the mine 1 workers and his belief that they [ i deserve more pay and better * :and a prominent local official of ' the AFL issued monthly press statements that the AFL was an American organization which did ) not believe in strikes. Similar AFL statements were forthcom ing during the last stoppage of work at the Celanese plant. In spite of this it is fully ex pected that the CIO unions will urge their membership to give full support to the strike an-.l scrupulously respect the picket lines. Local 1874 Celaneses Work ers Union 'CIO' meets tonight and the Western Maryland CIO Council meets Thursday night at which time official action will be taken. The last contracts to be signed with local retailers and the AFL group was two years ago during the threat of a CIO retail clerks organizing drive. conditions. Ilis dislike, ap parently. was limited to John L. Lewis, thr mine workers leader who is trying with might and main to win higher pay and bet ter conditions for them. They Beg Pardon The interview ended with a promise that an editorial of cor rection would appear in the Mon day Issue of the Cumberland Eve ning Times. The editorial did ap pear. It admitted that the charges against Mr. Lewis were "an error on the part of the writer of the editorial in question and was contrary to the facts of the case." It regretted that "through a slip of memory on Ills part that lie placed Mr. Lewis in a false light and blamed him for not keeping the mines open during ne gotiations when, as a matter of fact that blame should have been placed at the door of the opera tors. Had Mr. Lewis' proposal been accepted at once the mines would have been in continuous Continued on Pagr Two „ '..'' >■hkk • mmmm ft ■BBI'VBI jhhi Mr*. Katherine Byron, surrounded by her family of five tons, is the widow of the late Congressman William D. Byron, killed in tragic airliner crash. Mrs. Byron in visit to Allegany County seeks support for nomination in contest to her late husband's seat in Congress. She says: “I desire to fill out my late husband’s term in order to carry out the plans he had made. Organized labor can count upon me one hundred per cent to continue his friendship and respect for their cause." Mrs. Byron’s chances of nomination are considered extremely favorable in the Sixth District. Send l-orrn JS7UP to 12 South Mechanic St., Cumberland. Md NEW YORK, Apr. 9.—No end to the Icok-out of the miners of the bituminous coal section of the Appalachian area appeared in sight this afternoon as union and operators’ representatives conferred on the terms of a two-year contract. Today marked the ninth day of the lock-out, affecting 400,000 mine workers. The operators again ignored urgent governmental appeals to continue operations pending settlement of contract terms, with changes made retroactive to April 1, date of expiry of the old contract. Their stubborn refusal to accept the proposal is drawing down a wave of hostile public opinion. Coming at a time of grave national emergency the operators are severely hampering the defense program as they jockey among themselves to obtain individual advantages. The dispute among the coal operators has reached the stage of a jurisdictional dispute. The northern operators have agreed in the main to compromised union proposals, but the southern group of operators holds stubbornly on for continuance of a 40 cents per day wage differential. STEELMAN SPEAKS Their stand is taken upon the ground that their cheap mar kets are dependent upon retention of the wage differential a:-.d that their preferential profit taking position should be main tained at the expense of the coal miners. Dr. John R. Steelman, chief of the U. S. Depr.rlmer.' of Labor Conciliation Service today asserted: “We a’e i j desperately to effectuate a compete accord. Nr! * dieting interests and conditions both within the s ;or 1 between them make this a difficult end tedious tr.ii:.’’ APPREHENSIVE Meanwhile, the general public is becoming appr-hc;::i>- the tug-of-war going on between the fact! of •' operators. They say that the interests of the na'icr. ar • jeopardized by selfish motives of the respective o.: arc becoming increasingly critical of their refuse.! to c production on the proposal of the United Mine Workers j. > viding retroactive changes. Northern operators are reported as becoming restive at the situation. They produce 70 per cent of the soft coal and have agreed to the $1 per day pay raise and one week’s annual vacation. A break is possible with reports that certain of the southern operators are considering the signing of separate con tracts embodying the terms already agreed upon with the union. It is even expected here that some few of the nation’s newspapers may finally take notice of the unpatriotic stand of the southern coal operators and pass out little of the criticism they have been unjustly heaping upon labor unions, but there is absolutely nothing to confirm such a sensational precedent. LOCAL SITUATION The situation in District 16 of the United Mine Workers of America, comprising the Georges Creek and Upper Potomac sections has been very quiet. None of the mines have operated since the lock-out commenced on April 1 and very little mined coal has been moved during the period. Mine workers’ locals ere meeting daily to receive reports from John T. Jones, district president attending the New York City negotiations. It has not been necessary for the local groups to maintain picket lines. It is reported locally that the district mines will be in opera tion if the northern operators break away from the dissident southern group. Sugar Strikers Win Contract, Increases [ BALTIMORE. Md„ Apr. s—All j eight weeks' strike at the Ameri can Sugar Refinery here ended J last week with a big victory for ‘ I the CIO United Sugar Workers Local Industrial Union. The com , pany .signed a contract providin,? s 2'j cents an hour wage increases for the 650 production workers * employed in the plant and other PRICE TWO CENTS improvement*. A war clause provides the 1 case llie country (toe.- to war. the wage question may be opened a. r 90 days. Other terms call r wage payments in cash instead > -t by check: increase in the numb t of shop stewards, and an improvi .1 recognition clause.