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Maryland ,4V. Industrial VDIGE°ILOBOR OUlcial Bi-Weekly Publication ot the Western Maryland Industrial Union Council Affiliated With the CIO JAMM6 BLACKWELL, Managing Editor; CLYDE D. LUCAS, Secretary Treasurer Subscription: $1 00 per year mailed to any address. Editorial Offices: 12 S. Mechanic Street. Cumberland. Maryland. Phone 471 or 1652 Publication Office: Room 400 1512 Walnut St., Philadelphia. Pa. Entered as second-class matter at Post Office. Philadelphia. Pa., under the Act of March 3. 1879 Vo!. 3 April 24, 1941 No. 23 Employers Sabotage We have read much about the anti-sabotage bills which a guillible public is asked to believe are necessary for the national safety, but which are in reality desgined to cripple labor unions and make the nation safe for plutocracy. We are reading much about the anti-strike legislation in the Congress, all of it introduced and advocated by legislators who never voted for a labor bill in their lives. And we have read reams of blah about the Wagner Act being "one sided" and giving "rights and privileges to labor and denying them to employers." Now, what we are wondering is where are these editorial writers’ comments on the sabo tage bills and the anti-strike bills failing to penalize employers? Both of these measures penalize labor and favor employers, but we fail, after a diligent search, to find the Cumberland News or the Cumberland Evening Times mouthing off in the manner they have about the Wagner Act. There are no penalties for employers in either of these bills and heaven knows there should be if the nation is to be really protect ed against sabotage. Let us give some glaring examples. First, the stoppage of coal production and the lock-out of four hundred thousand bitu minous coal miners. On March I Ith the representatives of the United Mine Workers of America sat down with coal operators to negotiate a contract to replace the one which would expire on April Ist. The United Mine Workers asked for more wages, better safety conditions, vaca tions with pay, a modest guarantee of 200 days work out of every 365 days and other minor demands. They also demanded that a w-age differential of forty cents per day in favor of southern coal operators be eliminated entirely. The mine workers are of the opinion that it is as hard to dig a ton of coal in the north as it is in the south. The United Mine Workers of America are on record as using every effort to win a six hours work day in the mines- They sacrificed this cherished goal in the interests of the na tional emergency. The United Mine Workers of America proposed to the coal operators on March 13th that should the terms of a new contract not be arrived at by April Ist they would be willing to continue work nsd make any changes eventually arrived at retroactive to April Ist, the date of expiry of the then existing contract. The coal operators bluntly rejected this proposal. Their patriotism and devotion to national defense was not as embracing as that of the mine workers, but was secondary to their anticipated profits. The negotiations dragged on. Come April Ist the operators were still haggling and in cidentally selling their mined coal. The offer of John L. Lewis to continue work on a retro active basis was repeated and rejected. It was again offered by Dr. John R. Steelman, chief of the United States Conciliation Service, with a warning that essential defense production would be endangered by a stoppage. The patriotism of the coal operators re mained unstirred and in the absence of a working agreement the mines closed down. The negotiations continued and on April 1 Ith the northern states coal operators of the conference agreed to the United Mine Work ers' demands. But the southern group of operators chose to bolt the conference and set up a separate bargaining group. Mark it well, after sitting from March I Ith to April I Ith in collective bargaining proceedings a minority of the employers pick up their marbles and call the game off I Here is what Charles O’Neill, chair men of the Appalachian coal operators conference, said of the act of the south ern group: “The conference is being sabotaged by several well known south ern operators." Coming from an em ployer they are strong words- O’Neill continued: “The southern op erators withdrew in order that they may retain in its whole great amount differen tisds between wages and other considera tions they have in their favor as against northern producers." This indictment of employers' sabotage by other employers should be very convincing. But there comes no word of condemnation from the labor-baiting daily press. In fact John L. Lewis was attacked in the Cumberland Evening Times owing to the piti ful ignorance of its editorial writer, but since he found out his mistake he has not transferred his attack to the gang of unpatriotic, profit seeking southern coal operators. Why did the coal Operators reject the union proposal to continue work on a retroactive basis? Why did the southern group sit in confer ences for one month and then take a "run mt powder"? What organization can ever believe the southern group will sit down in good faith to hUHIi epillssJively ? Where is the "patriotism" of this gang of saboteurs? They are questions which the labor baiters and the Cumberland press dare not handle, because to do so will stamp their whole campaign as a labor-busting attack. May we very pointedly ask why the Cumberland Evening Times, having apol ogized to John L. Lewis for their ignorant attack upon him, have not made a similar attack upon the coal operators now that it has been proved to the editor that it rightfully belongs there? The whole history of (he mine workers' negotiations shows very plainly that labor or ganizations are the real patriots and profit grabbing employers the selfish fifth columnists. We hope, though not too optimistically, that the Cumberland daily press will take up the issue. About Advertising The Cumberland Times-News has been run ning quarter page announcements on the value of advertising and the alleged radicalism of those who dare to question misleading and dishonest advertising. It is natural that the Times-News should be deeply interested in advertising and plenty of it. because without advertising the papers would not appear. The VOICE OF LABOR is interested in ad vertising also, but if we failed to obtain even i one inch of ads the paper would still be pub-I iished. 1 his paper does not have to be sub servient to advertisers, there is not one of them who could obtain any special advantage in our news columns because of their business relationship. And the VOICE OF LABOR has m the past, and will in the future, turn down adver tisements which do not measure up to proper standards of honesty- For example the ad-i vertisement of a local drug store which ap peared a few weeks ago in the local paper could never even start to get in our pages. The Times-News' announcement reads in part: "Venomous books and speeches, in which radical agitators attack advertisers, have been much in fashion these last few years." This name calling is not sufficient to shunt aside the campaign of consumers groups and other organizations for honesty in advertising. Nor is it sufficient to hide the fact that govern ment agencies still issue cease and desist or ders against dishonest advertisers. Ihe VOICE OF LABOR recommends a monthly publication called "CONSUMERS UNION REPORTS" to the Times-News man agement and the general public. Whether or not it is published by "radical agitators" is beside the point. We feel that if a "radical agitator" warned you that you were about to take poison with the thought that it was medi cine you would not persist in your dangerous venture! The "CONSUMERS UNION REPORTS" makes scientific laboratory tes's of thousands of consumers goods. Name calling will not subvert the known results. Just look at the patent medicine racket as a prime example of dishonest advertising. Month after month you can find the exposes through the Consumers Union, and month after month you can find the tame false claims appearing in the daily press. The Food and Drug Administration of the United States Government is at long last doing something about the "cold cure racket." The agency announced last month "hence forth this class of products will be included in the Administration's program of opera tions." It added: “Present day medical opinion supports the view that there is no known substance or mixture of substances which can l be relied upon to prevent or cure colds." Perhaps the Times-News will charge the 1 doctors with being "radical agitators" for dar-1 ing to question the dishonest claims of their 1 cold prevention advertisers! The paper's name calling is in itself a case of dishonest advertis ing and is used only as the last resort in face of its inability to base its case on the cold, proven facts. Profits of War It may be "sweat and blood and toil and sacrifice" for the citizens of the British Em pire during the war effort, but one bright note comes from Montreal, Canada. Canadian Celanese Limited held their an nual meeting there last week. Would you expect pessimism, fearfulness, bad news or signals of alarm? No. not on your life. Dr. Camille Dreyfus, president of Celanese, reported that manufacturing facilities are be ing fully used, the company is experiencing record sales, record shipments and record profits for the first quarter of 1941. Net profits came to a record of 68 cents a share after payment of taxes equal to $1.25 a sharel So who cares for the "sweat and blood and THE WESTERN MARYLAND VOICE OF INDUSTRIAL LABOR CURSES! FOILED AGAIN! " ,W * , ! Courte.y. CIO NEWS toil and sacrifice" of the people when all is well with stockholders and profit takers) An interesting sidelight of the meeting came when a shareholder asked about employe relations. It will be recalled that the Canadian Celanese broke a strike of their employes at Drummondvillc, Quebec last year by a starving out and beating back process. A Celanese official answered the query by saying the company does not see any CAFE NEWS The Cate union members held heir annual elections ot depart ment officers recently. The results showed Louis Hartman elected to his third term as Cafe Chairman. Committee members elected are John Morris (third termi Tommy Thompson for a second term and Joe Jolly as a first go. We thank all these men for their past good work and feel sure their efforts will be continued in the future. A Suggestion The Cafe boys know that their union brothers are always will ing to help make things easier. W> suggest through this col ; umn that their use of thr ash I trays on the tables will be a great help. We know it is only thoughtlessness that causes the boys to place ash and cigarette butts on the tables. Come on union men. give the ash trays a work out and it will be appre i dated. Thank you. The Convention The Textile Workers Union of America will be holding their con vention when this appears. The local union certainly did a swell job of giving the fifteen delegates of Local 1874 a send otf at the Annual Dance in Cresaptown last I Porch and Outdoor (furniture The Season ‘s Best and Newest ‘ m I' I I H' ■ " B /£. 1 CHAIRS-ROCKERS iSWINGS - RUGS 4 m Exceptionally H ide Choice ALL ATTRACTIVELY PRICED E.V. COYLES' 45 BALTIMORE STREET signs of labor trouble or expect any at least in the near future and explained that "works councils” have been formed of union and non-union workers. Striking workers beaten last year, record profits this year, no signs of any further union efforts by the workers, and a prospect of con tinuing war prosperity make things rosy for Canadian Celanese Limited. We wonder what those bombed out of their British homes think about the complete picture? i ; Friday night. - i A good time, at no expense to 1 1 them, was provided to all who at i tended. Vacations ; I Yes. brothers and sisters, good ■ 1 old vacation time is nearly here I again. Let every worker in the plant give thanks to their union ' for his annual paid rest. We all know that we would never have 1 them without the efforts of Local 1874. The people who take their vacation without paying their dues arc taking benefits won for them by somebody else. Come on folks, pay your fare when you take a ride. Dues Booth II serins to me that thr Dues Booth at thr plant is breaming busier each wrrk. It Is a good sign. Remember, checks are cashed at thr bootli on pay day when you pay your dues. Some of the members are sporting their Yearly I)urs Paid f Button, and it is still only April. That shows you we are in bus iness lo stay. So long. I will be 1 waiting to see you at the show >' lug of thr Convention movies at the next monthly membership 1 i meeting. 10-Cent Pay Boost Won , At Airbrake Pittsburgh. April 19 Westing house Airbrake Co. has signed a new CIO union agreement grant i mg 10 cent an hour wage ln- : 1 creases, it was announced here by ; leaders of Local 610. United Elcc i trical, Radio & Machine Workers. 1 A meeting of the union was . scheduled this week to ratify the , contract, which followed weeks of ‘ negotiations and a near strike sit r uation. i 1 WORKERS NOTICE! Workers who are not in the best of health, should investigate mod ern Chiropractic. It is the natural means of regaining health and keeping that health which enables them to enjoy the gains labor has made as well as enjoying life to a fuller extent. Call Dr. John A. Crist end Dr. Bertha Johnson for health. There are two offices as follows: 116 Virginia Ave.—Hours 10 A. M. to 2 P. M„ Phone 2772; and 18 N. Center St. Hours 1 to 2 P. M. and 7 to 8 P. M. Phone 1425. 5 Extra Food Value At No Extra Cost \ | i Plus Vitamin B-1 j ! Which Means EXTRA ENERGY j £ VITAMIN B-1 is needed to help turn food into energy, for good appetites, § £ and in children to promote proper growth. It is not found in most modern ij foods. i* N v This important addition makes Old Home BUMPER BREAD better than ever before. Each loaf \ >; is now enriched with approximately 450 International Units of Vitamin B-1. the new scien \ title discovery known as the "Energy Vitamin." You get it now in Old Home BUMPER BREAD. g g Just six slices dally will give you an essential amount of this important vitamin. J, g Ask your grocer for this remarkable extra food value. OLD HOME BUMPER BREAD. Fresh >' Daily. g BAKED BY £ f Community Baking Company ij | Leaders in the Art of Baking £ "ee r a o * one nnaarft Big CIO Electrical Pact Near New York, N. Y., Apr. 19. Conferences between the United Electrical, Radio & Ma chine Workers of America and the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, cov ering 40.000 employes in 23 plants of the Company, are progressing, James j. Mattes, UE organization director, said today. "All contract provisions arc now ready to be submitted to the PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS —ii .jMrarmrrarra" IT'S AMERICA'S GREATEST SALE! WARD WEEK SAVE NOW ON ALL YOUR NEEDS Why wait • . . when you can buy now at the lowest prices of the season! Hurry to Montgomery Wards and stock up on everything you need for Summer! Save dollars! MONTGOMERY WARD Cumberland, Md. Phone 3700 "1! I, ItmilMJPf. I, Lilli I|l I, J. f ",. aw • ~ .'.l.'l'- ”--S=g-==== I. PLUMBING FIXTURES PLUMBING AND HEATING SUPPLIES Warm Air Furnaces STEAM AND HOT WATER HEATING SYSTEMS STOKERS ALSO A COMPLETE LINE OF INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES STRUCTURAL STEEL Pipe and Pipe Fitting* of All Kinds Woodworking Machinery Industrial Pump* Water Systems INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS Welding and Cutting Equipment Mt KAKi’S (UMBBRLANO • • • MARYLAND E.i tablished 1845 Corner Centre and Harri*on Sts. Phone 754*755 - ( Aursday, April 24, 194! membership for their action, when the negotiations on wages arc completed." he said. "Negotia tions on wages are now going on. The wage increase, when agreed upon. Is to be retroactive to April 8." Meantime, the Union was pre ‘ paring to continue negotiation* c on a general wage Increase with - j the General Electric Company. 1 a fleeting 60 thousand employes. t FIRST NATIONAL PACT . i The agreement now being nego } tiated with Westinghouse will' be e the union's first agreement with , | the company that is national in j scope, covering those items of wages, hours, working condition* c and other provisions which are e j company-wide in nature.