Newspaper Page Text
j Western Maryland Industrial t VOIEBIbBBDR Official Bi-Weekly Publication of the Western Maryland Industrial Union Council Affiliated With the CIO im. FISKE. Managing Editor CLYDE D LUCAS. Secretary Treasurer Subscription; $1 00 per year mailed to any address. Editorial Offices: 12 S Mechanic Street. Cumberland. Maryland. Phone 471 or 1652 Publication Office: 2319 North Broad Street, Philadelphia. Pa. Entered as second-class matter at Post Office. Philadelphia. Pa under the Act of March 3. 16.9 ' Vol. 3 July 17, 1911 No. 29 UMW's Great Victory “John L. Lewis has won a signal victory. It is perhaps the greatest ever won in industrial history. Never has such a conquest been achieved. The head of the miners' union won 98 per cent of all his slemands. The demands he waived were minor in nature. The above words are not the rejoicing of a labor writer over the great union victory achieved by the United Mine Workers of America in the final consummation of its new agreement. They are the admission of an anti-labor columnist, David Lawrence by name, who views this labor achievement with great alarm. His fear is that the abolition of the southern differential in the UMWA agreement will lead to the ending of sub-standard wages in all other southern industries as well. But Lawrence's fears in this respect are labor's hopes. And our delight at the Mine Workers' victory is enhanced by the knowl edge that it will be far-reaching indeed in its influence. After months of negotiations, in which the United Mine Workers made full use of their collective bargaining powers. President John L. Lewis was able to announce an agreement, covering the whole Appalachian area. South as well as North, and embodying virtually all of the union's demands. In the South as well as North the basic wage is now $7 a day, as against $6 in the North and $5.60 in the South before. Altogether something like a quarter bil- Prices in Cumberland A VOICE OF LABOR survey of prices of foods, tires, stoves, refrigerators, furniture, automobiles and drugs in Cumberland shows increases in the following: June 24 July 15 Pork chops, 1 1b.... 35 cents 38 cents Lard, Ilb 12 cents 13 cents Sugar, 10 lbs 59 cents 61 cents Butter, Ilb 38 cents 39 cents Refrigerator— -6 cubic feet ... $109.95 $114.95 Other items in the V OICE Oi' LABOR price arvey remained stable, but storekeepers in Cumberland expected prices to continue rising. The Special CIO Conference The special legislative conference of the CIO was an emergency meeting, of a kind never called before, to cope with an extra ordinary and menacing situation. It was mark ed by straight talk and quick action. Though called at short notice, the confer ence brought to Washington some 250 repre sentatives of every CIO union and most of the state councils. It was as representative as a small convention, though devoted to a single objective. Some of the highspots of the conference were the frank and revealing report of Legis lative Representative John T. Jones; the de nunciation of compulsory arbitration by Presi dent Philip Murray and his later speech against "advisory committee" substitutes for his in dustry council plan, and the fighting speech of John L. Lewis against use of troops to break strikes and other repressive measures. * * * Jones' report, unanimously approved by the gathering, relat*4 the damning facts about the shenanigan: Capitol Hill that had placed labor's rights in jeopardy. He told of the trick methods to slip through anti-labor measures in the form of amend ments: of the kidnapping of bills away from the Labor Committee, and of the hysteria to which Congress had been yielding. Finally Jones pointed to the betrayal of labor by many of its alleged friends in Con gress, and to the responsibility of the majority leadership in both House and Senate for the whole situation. “While professing friendship for labor and claiming labor’s political support on the basis of that friendship, the majority leadership has pursued an anti-labor course,” Jones said. “The majority leaders should, in my opinion, be impressed with the fact that they must choose between labor support, on the one hand, and their own support of these anti-labor measures on the other. Labor will not be satisfied with fair weather friends.” a a Murray made a masterful analysis of the trend to compulsory arbitration apparent in All of the anti-labor bills. He pointed out that compulsory arbitration would (I) “frustrate every legitimate attempt to organize the unorganized"; (2) end any teal collective bargaining, since employers would simply refuse all union demands while awaiting the final arbitration decision, and (3) Slge to a feoard too much power to regulate lion dollars will be added to the miners’ pay envelopes as a result of the agree ments in the Appalachian area. Vacations with pay are granted for the first time in mining history and dozens of other improvements in conditions are in cluded. Noteworthy in this connection is the fact that the agreement also in cludes the granting of a number of the miners’ demands which the Mediation Board rejected, but which the union won through subsequent negotiations. For labor generally there is an important lesson in this magnificent victory. It was won only through the full exercise of labor's demo cratic collective bargaining rights, and by a militant leadership which would not truckle to any form of compulsory arbitration. The miners depended in the last analy sis on their right to strike to make their bargaining power effective. If this right had been taken away or surrendered they i could never have achieved so much. The Mine Workers, under Lewis' leadership, have again set an example to all of labor. Their victory will bolster the claims and aid the efforts of all other unions. It will bring new hope to all the underpaid workers in the South, as well as new protection to Northern workers against undercutting of standards. | And finally, it will steel labor's resistance to all current attempts to destroy its collective bargaining rights. —The CIO NEWS Profits in Celanese !' Celanese Corporation of America is flying high these days—as high as prices on food, furniture, stoves, and clothing are flying. Celanese announced that profits during April and May already amounted to more than $552,245 over the January. February and March quarterly figure of $1,587,755. The j ( profits in the two-month period were figured to $2,140,000, before excess tax profits were paid. Now lake a look at the opposite column, ji Food p. jes in Cumberland jumped from one to two cents on some items, and $5 on re frigerators. Those price increases came only in the last four weeks, and many others are expected. j 1 Celanese profits are to be split up among j stockholders. Aren’t the 10.000 workers in ! the Cumberland Celanese plant considered j stockholders) the iives of millions by decreeing their wages, hours and working conditions. Later Murray vigorously criticized the 1 “national hodge-podge setup” for the ad- 1 ministration of the defense program, and advanced the CIO industry council plan as the only constructive solution. He called for outspoken opposition to the OPM proposals for industry and la bor advisory committees, which he called “mere tinsel, mere dressing, with no right or power of decision.” # * * Lewis voiced an urgent warning against false friends and outright enemies in the po litical world. He called on the CIO to "con tinue to be a fighting organization" that does not cringe, or apologize, or yield, but battles right down the line for the workers’ interests. Fresh from one of the greatest victories in labor history, the new United Mine Workers agreement, Lewis noted that this had been won through the firm refusal of the UMW to accept any compulsory arbitration. After the case had been certified to the Mediation Board, over the protest of the United Mine Workers, he said, the union had rejected those points in the Board's decision which displeased it and had negotiated through to a more satisfactory conclusion. Lewis lashed out at the politicians elect ed by Mine Workers’ and general labor votes who are now pushing anti-labor i; measures. He also assailed the “use of ; the United States Army to break strikes j with their bayonets in the backs of j American workingmen." Lewis' position in this respect was unani- ! mously upheld by the conference in a resolu- J tion which expressed approval of his stand J and that of President Murray and UAW Presi- j dent R. J. Thomas "in emphatically condemn- ' ing the use of the armed forces to break \ strikes.” j 1 a a * < 1 j The unanimously adopted actions of the : conference against all the anti-union m-asures j threatening in Congress made their impact j felt in Washington at once. They were communicated to the President, \ the Vice-President and the majority and } minority leaders of both Houses by delega- J tions, and many individual members of Con- J gress were also visited. The CIO served fair J warning to all that those who seek labor's sup- j port must defend labor's rights when they are t so seriously threatened as at present. —The CIO NEWS 1] THE WESTERN MARYLAND VOICE OF INDUSTRIAL LABOR EDULED • — =?• Labor Library By Dixie Louise Fiske > ii. ■ The Great Bus Strike, by Leo Ilubrrman. Modern Age Books. Inc.. sl. This behind the scene storv, Hiving the real issues and griev ances in the strike of New York bus drivers in May. brings to the public the documentation ol a great strike successfully won. It is not only an explanation of day to day events, but it is an insight into the strength of the Trans port Workers Union—the strength that brought Mayor Fiorello La Guardia to the bargaining table on June 30 to open negotiations with 1.000 subway workers. Huberman gives a complete, yet I concise, history of the TWU, anti portrays the union's growth from j its first group of ten men to the present clTective union unit. It is a lesson in unionism, or- j j ganization. discipline and solidari 1 ty. It is a lesson in employer-! ' tactics. Huberman writes simply. 1 probes deep into the heart of the j issues and tinges his account with ! humor. • • • The American Gun Mystery, by , Ellery Queen. American Mercury- Books, 25 cents. Set in the glitter of a Wild West rodeo in New York City, this mystery involves Hollywood stars. New Yerk playboys. Western cow -50 YEARS AGO! A young man opened a retail store | on North Centre street. The establishment oi a lair trade policy came into existence with the "lirst turning" ol tho key, years ago. This policy has been maintained ever since and has made this store the most dependable in the district throughout tho years. Many stores ol this type have gone since the good old days—but this store eurvived, and progressed through many handicaps until today it boasts ol being the oldest of 11s type in the district LICHTENSTEIN PHARMACY Western Maryland’s Oldest Prescription Drug Store 65 BALTIMORE STREET CUMBERLAND. MARYLAND | SEE US FOR l| | GOOD SPORT 1 | EQUIPMENT | ! ALL SOFTBALL and | i; BASEBALL 6LOVES | | REDUCED! j | HILL’S STORE jj $ 43-45 N. Centre St. J boys and cowgirls. Queen begins spinning the web of the mystery slowly, speeds up to a whirl of action, and slows down for a final, somewhat complicated solution of the crime. * * ’ Inquest, by Pcrcival Wilde. Ameri can Mercury Books. 25 cents. It Is like no other mystery you've ever read. Less of n my i tery than a psychological study of the pet sons involved, the story is told through witnesses at a cor oners inquest. Testimony of wit nesses absorbs attention and sus tains interest throughout. Th. surprise ending packs a punch. • • • Doorways, by American Book Co. Another collection drawing to gethcr stories, essays and poem about American life. • • • Thr books reviewed in this regular feature of the VOICE OF LABOR are available at Local 1874's library. Many other books, fiction and non fiction, may be found at the library. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS NOTICE! 18 N. CENTRE STREET OFFICE IS OPEN AS USUAL ’ 118 Virginia Avenue Office CLOSED Until Further Notice Watch lor Rc-Opcning Date COME TO 18 N. CENTRE STREET For Your Adjustments Dr. John A. Crist Dr. Bertha Johnson CHIROPRACTORS Murphy’s Tour Star j ASSISTANT MANAGER’S SALE j TOWELS-TOWELS-TOWELS 2000, Large 19c to 25c 4f% “Cannon” Turkish TOWELS 10 On Sale, two for 25c EACH Regular 29e to 35c Heavy 4 “Cannon” BATH TOWELS 1 O c Special EACH Regular 39c Heavy OC c ! “Dundee” BATH TOWELS | Cannon-Dundee-Haynes Heavy E! c TURKISH WASH CLOTHS SECOND FLOOR Shop and Save at Murphys CUMBERLAND’S LARGEST VARIETY STORE Elevator Service to Second Floor ili&ii gggßßßjgai nr-—-- if I UKW Relief Group j Thanks Commissioners Stephen L. Cesnick, secretary of the United Mine Workers Re lief Committee lor the Georges Creek area sent a letter of thanks | to members of the Board of Alle gany Commissioners for their aid in obtaining federal surplus food supplies for miners during the re cent coni shutdown. Loral 1R74 to Buy s£,ooo Defense Bonds Local 1874 members at a gen cral membership meeting last week, voted unanimously to grant ; trustees the power to invest up to I S3OOO in United States defense |j bonds. 4 is n Tinumon OF THE miPHoni RIESEHESS !| ♦ I The C. 5 P. Telephone Company ol B.C. (801 l System) Cumberland. Md. 108 Union St. I j) Miners Furloughed Approximately 200 miners In Davis, W. Va. were furloughed for an Indefinite period when heavy BURTON'S I I Combine Style and n I Comfort as You I Like It in Men’s Slack Sets $1 .95 $4.95 I • TAN I • BLUE | • CREEN I • RUST | • TEAL • NATURAL Cool—Dressy j In-Expensive 1 i They are tops for vacations, picnics, t swim parties and restful lounging. I 129 Baltimore Street | 4 f McCrary’s Famous Adorable SILK HOSE | Full Fashioned ... Two W* and Three Thread Sheers L M j Adorable Silk Hosiery is famous for j • its lons wear. All summer shades— £B W j | PMAMRRAY REMNANT TABLE ! Wil fl Ifl Dn H I Pcreale Prints. Peppered, j Drapery Material. Cretonnes, i Stripe, and ACm Dimities. Batiste, etc., at Plain Color. ... yd. Greatly Reduced Prices! J McCRORYS j 5,10 and 25 Cent Store ! 110*112 Baltimore Street PLUMBING FIXTURES PLUMBING AND HEATING SUPPLIES Warm Air Furnaces STEAM AND HOT WATER HEATING SYSTEMS STOKERS ALSO A COMPLETE LINE OF INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES STRUCTURAL STEEL Pipe and Pipe Fitting* of All Kinds W oodworking Machinery Industrial Pumps Water Systems INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS Welding and Cutting Equipment M* KAI6I SMMBIRkANU • ♦ • MARXIAN* Established 1845 Corner Centre and Harrison Sts. Phone 754*755 Thursday, July 17, 1941 I rains last week flooded the Kemp* . ton mine of the Davis Coal and . Coke Co. The pumps were unable ’ to clear the mine of flood waters.