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Thursday, laanarr 20, 194%.
Assail Big Business For Bungling War Production WASHINGTON. FP A damning indictment of ths failure of big bus iness, OPM and the army and navy to push America's war effort is set forth in the 146-page report of the Truman committee to the l\ S. Senate. After a year’s investigation, the 10-man committee headed by Senator Harry 8. Truman, D. Mo., found that the history of 1917 and 1918 was being re peated. Contractors have hern placing profit* first, their country am*- en 4, W at all; exorbitant profits and ontright graft have been commonplace; the swarm of dol tar-a-ysar men have seen to It that contracts have been limited to the biggest corporations, and written to the companies' terms. The result of this scramble for profits boa been a huge Increase hi the earning* of big corpora tions. but a pitifully small output mt planes and other war Imple ments Hot no til the end of 1942 trill fleet-rhue fighting planea he produced hi quantity, the report sold. Hero ere some of the highlights < a/ the report; I. The OPte’s ''mistake* of content**!nn have hern legion: and Mo mistakes of omilon have boan even greater." I. Tha IS* dollar-a-year men and ht* Ml additional men work ing without compensation hava actually served a* lobbyists for priest* business which ha* kept them on Ite payroll and In some rase* aeon raised their salaries I. The “disappointing" produc tion of copper, lend and sin* wna the result ef Industry's sltteron strike for fat profits and thin tears, a strike that was won only a few day* earlier when increase* of M per rent to it per cent were granted by the government. 4 The auto Industry falsely as sorted last June that only 1* per i cent nf It* tool* could he used for plsne engines, hut quickly changed Its story when civilian auto pro- ! durtlnn was banned. 5 The huge task nf converting ■ utn plants to war production was "not even well started" * .Manufacturers' contention* that new taxes eat up profits are disproved by the esperlenco of r.eaeral Motors, Chrysler and Ford. For the first nine months of tl these three made a haul of M*MM.77. a* against only nM.dW.IH for the entire year of iMd. 7. Defense housing has beer hopelessly bungled, with a doien different agenrie* dividing auth ority and none nf them acrom- . plishing anything significant *. Out of 1* companies studied by the committee, nine anticipat ed profit* from present contracts that would exceed the 1939 value of their properties t. Bethlehem Meet Dorp., which engaged In common rohhery dur- | Ing the last war. had the nerve j to ask for a ddS.nno.tktO grant for; plant expansion under term* that i would have meant a gift. 1(1. Todd Shipbuilding Corp' admitted that tha navy allowed it a profit of II *0 a day on each of ! about M.noo employes A small portion of the rejiort was devoted to rrittclwu of labor. | which the senators believed "moat assume responsibility, along with management, for the meager pro duction of defense artleles." The committee apparently attached muck less Importance to strikes than to management obstruction, foe It cited only three examples: the soft coal walk nit. the Rrthlc hem west roast dispute, and the furrier lumber rase, which did not Involve a strike. CLEVELAND. FP Borne I I*l delegates to a special rnnvrn- j i tion of the Natl. Assn, of Die j i Casting Workers, CIO. unani- I metiily approved the merger of i their union with the Inti. Union i of Mine Mill A Smelter Workers, i CTO. Il SStssssssssssss^ssssssm All America Waits For Sean^ltl^i February FURNITURE V and RUG SALE! Now in Progress Rigger, Better Than Ever Sear* offer hl**er turf heller value* than ever before during; thin annual event. Saving* In every ile|>aalinenl that adnund even na in view of rlaint rol of production. Sear* purchaaed before price* (lay rocketed, thin we pan* the *avint* on to Mr. and Mr*, f'udomer. Your Dollar* and Dime* Needed For Freedom Now Today Tomorrow may h too late. Buy Defense Stamp* at Sear* ■■■illiUiHkUlUUl IT* RAI.TIMonr. ST. PHONE *l.l* Cl MBERI.ANn, MO. I ! Profiteering On Contracts I; Exposed By Committee d WASHINGTON. FP Naval contactors arc <i making huge profits on arms orders. Labor unions " r should, therefore, be tightly controlled. That was the gist of an amazing report submitted l - to tha house of representatives January 21 by Rep. j Carl Vinson. D., Ga., chairman of tha house naval af - 2; fairs committee, following an Investigation of the e naval defense program by the committee. • j Rep. J. B. Shannon, D. Mo., ftleri a strong dissenting report, de [ mending that tha labor section fi hs stricken, w hlla seven other d, membere of ths committee filed e weaker dissents on behalf of la bor. n The committee's figures were • beesd on questionneln-s eenl navel • contractor* and labor unions end r were worked up by a staff headed 1 by Edmund M. Toland. formerly e counsel for the committee Inves tigsting the Natl I.nbor Relations - Act end a key figure In the of • fenaive against Ishor ’ It was foimd by the ■ommlte < ’ that 34.4 per cent of all Navy ron •' tractor* realised set profile of • more than 7 per resit and that p the average profit of tho 1,77* rniupaniro was 7.9 per rent. The Bethlehem Shipbuilding r Corp. refused to submit figures r ; on It* shipbuilding contracts to • the committee hut escaped with - the remark thst “the committee l is at a las* to understand the [ reason for the Rethlchem Co.'s ' failure to supply Information re quested nf It t On a ship repair contract. ■ however, the Rethlchem Steal Co. I I made an 1*33 per cent profii af- I ter a refund to the Navy of $730 - i onn The refund waa made after. I. an audit by the Navy showed ex- j ‘! cesaive profits I Profit installer* cited Included firnrral Motor*. Cleveland Diesel ■ division, whirlt made profit* i ranging from 17 to 37 pr rent. the Rath Iron Murk*, with prof . it* ranging from X to 39 per cent, the llrndiv Aviation Corp., with 1 profit* nf $7 per rent. United Air- j era ft Corp., 211 tier cent on a Sljtftn 1 contract and three other contract* 1 with profit* of 3D tier cent nr more, Fairchild Aviation Co., 7* i per rent and Todd Neatllc Dry j Docks. 71.* per rent. 'j The committee noted that .39 per '| cent of the total amount of com : | pletcd contracts were held by in 'companies and that lhe.se 10 com . panics made an average profit of $23 231.1)8* or *n average of 5,7 ' per cent on the cost of the con ! tracts. Replies to questionnaires by la j bor unions, according to the coni- I mit tee. show- that A FI. and CIO | unions, on March 31. 1941, had as j Sets of $82,594,395. a net gain of over Sin.79.CSW over October 1. 1939. On the basis of these figures ths committee recommended anti-' strike legislation and declared that | unions should he required to reg ister and make periodic reports 1 as to their financial condition In hi* dissent demanding the striking out of the labor question. Rep. shannon declared that the committee had failed to go into the major cause of strikes, "name ly, the sitdovvn strike hv finance and capital until they had secured excess profits as a condition nf participation In the defense ef-' I fort." I War Labor r i Board Named •| WASHINGTON. _ rv _ Cr -1 *Mm of a National Wiir leihor | Board of it members to handle All labor disputes "which might interrupt work which contributes .' to th* effectivo prose.uMon of th* war" *m announced her* by President Roosevelt ,?n It. Within ■ few hours after the President's announcement. the board had its first -ase station : j rry. and a atnff ready to jrn to 1 work. Named to the hoard as "spe j cial commissioners" were four 1 representatives of labor, four rep | resentatlves of the public and four representatives of the employers Also named were alternates for the employer and labor members., I-abor representatives on the hoard are: Thomas Kennedy, see* l retary-treasurer. United Mine Workers. CIO: R J Thomas pres | ident. United Auto Workers. CTO: George Meany, secretary-treasur er. API.: Matthew Woll. Art, vlee | president. Public members of the board are William H Pavls. attorney, t j George W Taylor, economic pro ■ fessor and Impartial umpire in ; the auto industry. Frank P. Gra ham. president of the University of North Carolina, and Wayne I. Morse, dean of the University of Oregon law school. ' Davis was named chairman , while Taylor was made vice chairman , Employer representatives on the NWI.B are A W Hawkes. U. S chamber of commerce, president Roger D. I-apham. American-Ua waiian Steamship Co. hoard chairman. E .1. McMillan. Stand ard Knitting Mills, president, and Walter C Teagle. chairman of the hoard of Standard Oil of N. J. WINS XII.ICOSIM I .WFI WAKEKIEI.D. Mich FP Alfred Koski. union miner on the upper peninsula, has won a tU4.T Ml verdict for disability suffered through silicosis, the maximum I under a state law that Is sup posed to protect silicosis victims Company attorneys made a last f dtf- h fight against the claim. CONLON | a Insurance Agency M THOMAS r. COXLON I.iherty Trust Building PHONES *O7-02 We Writ# F.very Form of Protection riir ortßititN uff. INSURANCE CO. Established l*ao WHENW DOUBT, LOOKUP WE NUMBER, IM THE TELEPHONE DIRECTORY The t (*. Trlrphnnr Company of H C.—Hi-ll S> litt*lll Cumberland won In* Cnimi SI. FOR VKTORI Bn) I *i- f•••■ IlniiiU anil Stamps TH WESTIHWr MARYLAXD VOICK OF INDFSTRIAL LABOR Labor Library By Dixie Louise Fiske Labor Defends Ahmtii' by Her man Wolf. published for the Fd urftlinnl Department of the In ternational Udin' (iarmrnt Horker* Yninn. Making ft dear from the on'*'* [that labors role In tho National * Defense of America 1* vita! *• la bor's continued existence Mr Wolf impresses tm a (ram with the ! disastrous results of a Hitler dom inated world Quoting President Roosevelt. Wolf points out that every labor victory would be wiped out and that collective bargaining would be a joke should Hitler be th victor In the present world conflict. Having made plain to labor the terrific stakes we have In this war. Wolf reports the far-reaching extent of labor's cooperation in 'he defense program We learn the typo and scope of labor's pres ent participation In the defense program and also how labor ran strengthen and broaden Its role in : national defen e We now have labor working in major national defense agem ies. state and city defense councils civilian defense groups, training and employment agencies, health I and welfare bureaus and draft hoards. Defends America also reports on labor's efforts in connactson with the purchase of defense bonds, the T’so increased defense production, consumer ac tivities. housing projects and the avoidance and adjustment of strike*. The handbook which has been issued especially for trade union ists. contains special statements by Mayor Da Guardis Frances Perkin* and Harriet Klliot. . . . Mark’s Own by **rnh Atherton. , published hv Robbs-Merrill. Unfortunately. the story of 1 Mark's Own Is mainly the story of a line of mine owners The story of the miners is subordinated to the life of Mark and his def end ants As a result. It Is not the true story of coal for the real life blood of coal is the struggle of the men who mine it Miss Atherton reaches her only heights in Mark's Own when she writes of the beginning of organi zation In the mines Oppressed by absentee owners, living in miser able. ill-heated shacks the miners unite through long, hard efforts ’ Not even the difficulty of not speaking the same kmguage stops •he men from uniting for hunger is the same In all languages. These books, and many others, are available at the library of Local 1874. For Every Day in the Week On Snip at Your Independent Grocery MONDAYS—OId Style Bread. Movie Star Bread. TI'ESDAYS—W. C. Donuts. Gluten Bread. WEDNESDAYS—Pecan Rolls. Tea Rolls. THURSDAYS—W. C. Donuts. Old Style Bread. Movie Star Bread. FRIDAYS—Raisin Bread. Gluten Bread. Tea Rolls. THIS WEEK-END CAKE SPECIAL BLACK WALNUT CAKE—A K <dd layer cake covered with caramel cream Icing filled with black walnuts. OLD HOME BUMPER ENRICHED BREAD DAILY Tr> This Nutrition* Vitamin Health Broad H \Kf.I) HV COMMUNITY BAKING CO. RED CROSS APPEALS FOR FUNDS . PFOPI.E OF A 1,1 JWANY dOCNTY: Your Rl frnaa nooda your hol|. A* >Oll road thi* appoal immodiatolv drririo how much you Mill auharrihr to tho Mar Roliof Fund and wild M to tho Roil f ro hoadi|iiartora All of no would havo a full roalitatlon of tho horror and miaory of tho ha Ito rod vlrMma of thi* war If auddrnly out of a Hoar *hy onomy homhor* .hould bo gin raining dootrurtion down on f'nmhorlaad and ririnity. DOST DEI.AV—DO VOt R RIT—DO IT NOW I*o thi* rnutmn and mail your donation to tho Rod ( root hoadquartora, Pot flfflro building. I’orahing atrrot. Cumhrrland .Vanio ... Addroaa . ... .... Amount .... ....................... JOHN J. ATI MP. Mar Roliof Chairman MR*. M. I.F.K MITIIF.RI P, Chaptor Chairman Nelson Promises Labor Voice in Production Plans w AsillVfiTOV rv - Labor "as promised an e4|iiai voice In the development of war produc tion b> the country's new produc tion riar. Donald Nelson, who an nounced * drastically revised es tablishment for getting war gods produced. As long as Ideas re moving in one direction maximum pro duction in the shortest possible Mme I have never had anv con cerv about where they come from.” he declared a? a press conference i A rew division, to he known as the di*.lsion of Industry opera ftlor.s will be created with the duty of speeding the conversion of civilian industry to wartime pro duction. Nelson announced. The principal Job of the divi sion of industry operations, it was indicated, will be that of convert ing the auto industry. The com mittee. loaded by Cyrus Thing and recently sot up t> the con ference of auto Industry and la bor representatives, will he abol ished and Thing will he “a\ail able for other duties." Krnest Kanzler. former chief of the OPM's automobile branch and a?’ Inlaw of Henry Ford, will be the new auto boss and the other members of the conversion ; committee will he available for consultation with Kanzler Kanzler. Nelson indicated, will have complete authority to con vert the auto industry to war pro duction and require the pooling of facilities '•lf there are tools in Ford's fac tor* that are needed In General Motors." Nelson said, “they will be moved over." The mb of OPM associate di- Auto Committee Moves To Detroit To Speed Industry Conversion WASHINGTON _ FP Con toralon of tho giant aulo induatry to r tlmo production rnt un dor aorioii* ror.idoration for tho firat timr ainrr Soptrmhor. IJ9 a* tho OPM* auto rommittor movod to Drtroit for a fir.t-ltatid ditniaaion h tho *utn mogul* Tho lommittoo appointod by tho OPM following a mooting horo of managomont and labor roproaon tativra. consist* of govon poraona ith Cyrua Thing, V. R P.ubbor Co, riro proaidrnt. aa chairman. momhm on tho rnmmlt too aro Walter P. Routhor. dtroo •or of tho I nitod Auto Morbora, CIO. fionoral Motor* dirtaton. (toorgo Addoa, lAM aorrotary troaauror, and Rlrhard T. Frank rnatoon, dirootor of tho I'AM'a air craft division. Managomont roproaontativo* aro Kdsoi Ford. Ford Motor Co . C F Wilaon. Gonrral Motor, and C C. i Carloton. Motor Whorl Corp INVEST IN I . K RONDS WASHINGTON FP - Sor- j rotary Morgonthau ha* appoalrd to Antortian railroad unrkora to invoat Immodiatrly tn dofonao iav- ' ing* bond* thr ITS.OOO.non thrv will j roeeivr from thr railroad* tn lump aum arttlrmrnt of wago in creases dating bark to laat Srpt. I rortor-gonora! hold by Sidnov Hill man. will ho aboitahod along with tho abolition of OPM but Hillman Mill romain ** hoad of tho labor division and hold a rank equal to that of othor divtaion hrada. DOLLAR DAYS reductions bring you an opportunity to DRESS BETTER for LESS MONEY — Annual Sal* SUITS TOPCOATS $25 Suite ami Topcoats ... $21.75 S3O Suite and Topcoats - NW-AVI $35 Suite and Topcoate $.90.73 S4O Suite and Topcoats $95-75 $45 Suita and Topcoats _ $39 75 SSO Suite and Topcoats $43.75 SWEATERS TROUSERS Reduced Reduced $2.95 Sweaters $2.19 $2 95 Trousers $2.35 $3.95 Sweaters $2.95 $3 95 Trousers $2.95 $5.00 Sweaters $3.95 $5.00 Trousers $3.95 $6.50 Sweaters $4.95 $6.50 Trousers $4.95 $7.50 Sweaters $5.95 $7.50 Trousers $5.95 Men s 51.55 Fancy Shirts . . . . 51.29 Men's Wool and Leather Jackets, 20 pet. off Boys' Suits and Overcoats.. 20 pet. off BOYS'FANCY SHIRTS 79c . Doyen* of Other Items Reduced c>C UuAMM4£*UHicIuL CUMBERLAND MARYLAND * v 1 NAM Whitewashes Industry War Effort 'Answers' Indictment NEW YORK -- KP Af.vtK.Jy who says that indual rv has bunglad tha job of war production ! guilty of "undisguisad sabot **." complain* pras W r With ro of tha Natl. A.ssn of >t, n „• farturars, Thi is tha tmatrni dafar.sa of lltduitry'a foramns' spnaasman against tha crushing indictment of th* Truman '.•mmittae VVi'h oraw used aix f ill columns of •par* provided by the New York Heraid Tribune In i's January ".a issue for whitewashing irr record of big business Admitting rha* ihr husiness-aa- DOLL^^AY THURSDAY - FRIDAY ■ SATURDAY SPECIALS KIDDIES' 2 to 8 4 -j TRAINING PANTS || v Pair WASHABLE BLOUSES i^jjT Sizp* 82 to 42 for J LADIES' NEW PRINT Jg HANDKERCHIEFS Qf£ Each Wrap-Around (■ TURBANS /i3 C Each NEW SPRING COLLAR AND** g CUFF SETS Sano IQ * STORES WITH lIkRTID HCIiTHANbISC TO*lg s ual polity continued until th* second half of 1941, hi* defense I* that the government didn't ask industry to do any mor* than It ’ d,d v I Othar portion* of H itharawi' . ra|(l> raiwat tha usual excuse* *f manufacturer*. Ijilior la hlanrad for atrikaa atrikaa provoked hy atnployara' inaiatrnra upon SOc aralaa and no unionization. (•overnment ia blainad for fail in* to art derisively. No niantinn ila marie of tha fart that war pro durtion waa in tha handa of pro aiiniad industrial expert* lant to tha I . N. by industry. Much mnrr significant than anything Witharow said ia what ha laft unsaid Ha got off to a good start by omitting any rcferen. r to tha Truman romrnittaa. Page 3