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No ‘As Usual’ Policies In Australia, Run By Labor NEW YORK. FT "The weakness of American labor is its lack of pol-' itical strength." declares Albert A. Monk, president of the Australasian Coun cil of Trade Unions. Monk should know. The Australian war program is not being directed by dollar-a-vear boys who keep saying there is plenty of everything until unde niable shortages occur. On the contrary, the commonwealth government is in the hands of the Australian Labor party. So are four out of the six state governments. Labor took over the government tutin HVIT till' K'*' • . mni t last October * when thi coalition United Australia party-Country party government ' overthrown on It* budget. "Public opinion forced the change, because the last government wasn't getting on with the war properly." Monk ex plained. One of the first acts of the 1-n --bor government was to give the soldier* * pay raise. A private was receiving about $33 a month in. cash, plus sl2 in deferred pay for a total of *45 The new govern-' ment boosted the active pay by $ a month, making a total of ssl, and Increased family allowances to these rates: Wife only. $* a week: wife with one child. *10*0: wife with two children, sl3: wife with three chil dren. sl4*o. In addition, any mother with more than one child collects It a week for each child after the first This money is paid under the child endowment law which labor won last July. All mothers are eligible, regardlcas of need. liraStlre income taxes are a chief scourer of the funds re quired for this anil other se rial benefit*. Incomes in excess of M.OOO are taxed at the rate of five-sixths of the taxable income. Monk emphasizes that the Vis tralian Labor partv. of which he was president in Ih.tn. is restrict ed to union members Monk, who came to the U S. for the first time to attend the recent Inti. labor Conference, has head ed the Australian labor federation for 11 years, though he is only 40 now. Quiet spoken and of slight stature, he takes the power of la bor for granted especially in poliics. “We don't think a politician is worth anything unless he has eome up through the ranks of labor." he declared. "In fact, we sometimes have trouble because the men get so inter ested In AI.P affairs that they neglect ordinary union busi ness. In the long run. though, this means a better govern ment. 'Take the state of Tasmania, where there arr a lot of farmers and very conservative one*, too. But once Tasmania got a labor government, they wouldn't get rid of It. Australia has found that main tenance of labor standards is a help rather than a hindrance to war production, reports Monk. The union shop battle of Amer ican labor sounds like a chapter ir m NOW OEOSE^j>L4Y|NG .: fit \ WARMS MOt! KARfWT Mfl-*. mm muh tm Turn mu mb —mu tuma f. fe..._ ”**t M dm * mu us iomut - “TSKSittSSAST m of forgotten labor history to Monk 'IVe settled that way back." he said. "One of our biggest employers was in this coun try not long ago. lie surprised nn American businessman by telling him lie wouldn't dream of having anything but a dosed shop." Australian war industries arr . still operating on the 44-hour week, with overtime permitted in some cases up to M hours. “At the hegi; ning of the war. the workweek was stretched to as much as fifi hours," Monk said "But we had to reduce it. Men can produce more in n long week for a while Eventually they will produce less Your problem here will be the same" Overtime is paid for at rates that American employers and gov. ernment spokesmen have stoutly opposed. For the first two hours, the rate !. time-and-a-half: afterward it is double-time Work on Saturday afternoons. Sundays and holidays also requires double time. Monk r< kons that the real wages of Australian workers arc higher now than at th“ start of the war I..st February the arbi tration court granted a M. 20 weekly increase tn all workers In war industries, a raise that has since been extended to about *5 ' per cent of the working popula -1 tinn. 1 In addition, wngox are adjusted each three months in accordance with the cost of living Index. Since February the adjustments have totaled Sl.in. Baltimore Papers Resume Talks With Printers After Strike BALTIMOr.F VP Baiti mnro's thrm rlaitirs hnv<* rrsuniod negotiations with Local 12. Int! Typographic! Union, unaffilinted, . following n 3-'lay stoppage of * printers, the first in 22 veer.*. All 500 printers returned to work with r full seniority guaranteed, t Reason for ?he halt was stall ing in negotiations hv the publish* - ers. who had refused to grant \ more than a *! weekly raiso and ■> had continued to send setond s‘rinsr negotiators to bargaining • conferences. The ITU is seeking r a $lO weekly raise. Local 6012 Members Take First Aid Training Courses Ity IIAKin F.. ROBERTSON Report of the Labor Day Picnic was received and congratulations •ire offered to all those who made it a sureess. A motion passed, unanimously that ottr share of | the profits be sent to the Voice of I.ibnr to help keep up the good work of our paper Th report of the Committee who attended the Voire of laibor meeting In Cumberland was ac cepted. Taking a first aid training course in Frosthurg are the fol lowing members of Loral ni2: Harry Sultzer. dim Alexander. Frank 'Duke'' Robertson. Adam Sigler, Felix Foote. Robert Ed-, wards. Jr., and Harry Robertson. : These classes are being held In the interest of National Defense and all equipment is being fur nished by the U. S Bureau of Mines and (he Consolidated Coal Co. We offer congratulations to Mr and Mrs Milton who are the proud parents of a baby hoy horn January 1.5 Lrasur* Is n member of Lnrat <WM2 and works in Mine No. 1. Consolidated Coni Co. Joe Sigler, who has been ill the past four weeks, is reeovering. Brother Charles Sigler fell lost yveek and injured his knee. TO ALL UNION MEMBERS: Your union has offered 100 per rent rooperation to defeat the axis. Are you doing your part by giving 100 per cent rooperation to your union? We take this means of thank ing our friend for his untiring ef forts in working for the relief of others. His work in the Health Center in Coney, on the Welfare Board, and his many other activ ities speak for John Byrnes, bet ter known as "Jack." We also thank Mrs. Whitfield, the county nurse, for her efficient work. SEAFOOD Oystrrx-Shrimp-Shrimp Salad | FRIED RABBIT Fried ( biikcii - Short Orders Sandwiches - Dinners 'lived Drinks DRAUGHT BEER Wo ( ash Company Cheeks SHOBER’S SUI X. Mechanic St. BILL KEEGAN, Proprietor PO P P Realty Exehange lads. Houses. Farms, Busi nesses—to buy. sell, exchange or invest. Easy Payments. Phone 125, C ity THE \! L. . , OICE OF INDUSTRIAL LABOR MB By STEPHEN I. CESNICK Member Local IMIS, I MW i Every man, woman and child inn be better prepared to meet mir nntional emergency by famil- t Incizing himself with first aid j treatment so thnt should the nee- 1 essity arise, he will be able to give first aid treatment. i A series of articles will give a ! condensed study of nnntomy. res- 1 plrntion. control of bleeding, phys- 1 icnl shock, wounds and burns, ' dislocation and frnetures. trims- 1 pnrtatinn of wounded, and pois- ' on*. This is the first article. ANATOMY i Question: Into whnt parts Is the I body divided? Answer: Head, trunk, and ex- ' tremltim. Whnt bones form the trunk? I The spilial eolunin, ribs, breast- . hone and peWla. What Is the spinal column? The vertebrae, extending from 1 the cranium to the pelvic bona. How many ribs arc thsrs on I ■ each side of the chest? Twelve. What Is the pelvis? A flat basin-shaped hone at the base of the trunk. Of whnt does each upper extrem ity consist? The collar-bone, shoulder hlade, arm, forearm, wrist and hand. What three hones form the shoulder joint? Thr collar-bone, shoulder-blade and upper arm hone. How many hones are there In the wrist? Eight. How many bones are there In the fingers of each hand? fourteen. Of what does each lower extrem ity consist? Thigh, knee-eap, leg, ankle and font. 1 How many bones are there in | the ankle? Seven. How many bones are there In the foot? Five. How many bones are there in '.lie toes of each foot? Fourteen. What is a joint? Where two or more hones meet to form movement. i_ _ j Johnß.Shannon and Company I ALL LEATHER SHOES FHOSTBI’BG, MO. B!*Y YOUR HEATING STOVES AND HEATROLAS FROM REINHART'S people’s Furniture Store Recognized Leading Housefurnlshers In Western Marylnnd 17 Baltimore Street Vour Own Checks At You Need Them . . . Open i New Special Checking Account VO. BIT M A A IS CHECKS FOR I.UU —No minimum balance required— — No monthly eervice charge THE COMMERCIAL SAVINGS BANK C ity flail Sq. Cumberland. Md. Member Federal Deposit Inauranee Corporation PHONE 72 THE J COMMERCIAL PRESS I PRINTING-RULING BLANK BOOK ; [ MANUFACTURING : % F NION SHOP 1 J; HO Harrison Street Headaches Cut By New ! Tax Form Everybody knows that income taxes are going to be biggnr litis i year and next year than ever before. But Secretary of the Treasury Morgentlmu has elim inated a big headache by greatly simplifying the income tax return form which may he used by mil lions of new and small tax-payers whose income during 1041 was not more than J.l.ntHt from salaries, wages, compensation for personal services, dividends, interest, rents, annuities and royalties only. Please note the "only." No one Is obliged to use this new simplified form: but for those who may and do use it. the problem of preparing a return is just a matter of a very few min ute*. There arc only six Items to fill out —l, name, address and occupation: 2. dependents: S. In come received during the year; 14, deduction for dependents; .1, ! check family status; 6, amount ! of tax due. read directly from the ; table in the form, without any | figuring. In explaining the use of the simplified inrome tax return, the Treasury department said: “The filing of a return Is re quired hv all single persnns hav-1 Ing gross incomes of $750 or more, \ and fnr all married persnns hav-; A GRACE M. USHER THEATRE —NOW PLAYING— jM'.ijjTPi/Jurir.iii jij.i ■ i ■ 111 ■ m WR 'l4 •! iiit'm nll nilll ■ /1 1 /'Fi ; f Rftllitig yom wty MAIJOKH MAIN *W ayL 191 ' I I 1 am m 4. A 1 I i I * k „ / llmHi^i^l iyj^[l|J Better Furniture /or LESS MONEY... ON EASY TERMS! L. BERNSTEIN FURNITURE CO. 9 NORTH CENTRE STREET ing gross Inrnmea nf $1,500 or | more.” 1 ‘Form 1010-A may he used by persons who are required to file returns hut who have gross In -1 comes of not more than 5.1.000 | from salaries, wages, romiiensatinn for personal servlres, dividends. Interest, rent, annuities, and roy alties only." 1 "The tax shown on Form 1910-A automatically makes provision for • deductions and family status. . If you have to file a tax return nnd have not received a blank, yon enn get one from the Collec tor nf Internnl Revenue In your city or from nny hunk. As soon ns you have filled It out. hnve it at tested by nny notary public, and then mail or deliver it to your local Collector of Internal Rev enue with your payment before March 15. Unions Here To Stay, Says Madam Perkins WASHINGTON. FT Trade unionism has become an established American In stitution, Secretary nf I.ahor Frances Perkins declared here In her annual report to the rresldrnt. "I.ahor’* struggle for the right to organise.” the report said, ‘for the purpose of col lective bargaining. I* practi cally over. This right Is now guaranteed by statute. This j statutory protection gives to trade unionism an enormous prestige and a great respon sibility.” atlon among mnmfn, after fore- Bootleg Miners race in * thp ?■ * to h,re * ■N * groos whom the company had re* Disemployment J crtod bec * u ° f * h,,ir r *° c _ POTTSVIIJLE. Pa. FP - 1 The men who couldn't he stopped II C C by the Pennsylvania cosaachs j % Lr fl | | J J the state police see the end of ; the road in the national defense • m ■ program. /V V An estimated 10.000 anthracite | | miners, called “bootleggers" be- rausc they have eked out a living .X for their families after big cor-1 jr A 'X , poratinns closed down unprofitable j / ** \ diggings in this area, rose to win / /" H --.hjer \ over police. Injunctions and other j J ' \ obstacles only to face defeat now i / g \ because of the shortage of rubber. I * —* ** ' Between a third and a half of. /"'ITV 1 IMIT^ the 2.000 trucks carrying bootleg! '-‘ II <H C ° coal are expected to be put out ®*aoPVr>WM of business as a result of the tire. 1 to 4 I ASSMN(iIjKS| rationing program. NEW YORkT— FP The Natl. j I(TAQ AID AA Maritime Union, CIO. continued | f|W I Vll vHD VVi its fight against racial discrimin- i A GRACE M. FISHER THEATRE THURSDAY THRU SATURDAY - IhtXatyt Butfs* lAVf< %uA) KM Out*) MAXO6&; (ORi^yi^ggyM AT CA AUKN FLORENCE ALoU BAXTER RICE In/ “BORROWED HERO” JET "KING OF THE TEXAS RANGERS" THE WOLF FURNITURE CO. An Institution Known Far and Wide As THE FRIENDLY FURNITURE STORE I Where Your Dollars Will I Always Go Further lij Where you will always find a Friendly, ; $ Liberal Payment Plan Available to you. ;j|| Before You Buy Furniture or Home Furnishings Always Visit 38 N. Mechanic St. Opp. Md. Theatre V JK _ 41 Baltimore St. TifltfUJ£U6 Thursday, January 29, 1942.