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The voice of labor. (Cumberland, Md.) 1938-1942, July 30, 1942, Image 1

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Lewis Works
For Hitler 1
—An Editorial Article——— 1
A \iciouh attack upon the elected leaders
of the CIO in Maryland and Western Mary
land, and the Voice of Labor was unleashed
last week by “official” puppets of John L.
Lewis in District 16.
In a convention of District 16 mine work
ers locals—the first convention called by the
district in years—four resolutions were
adopted. The resolutions hailed John L.
Lewis, bitterly attacked Sidney R. Katz,
secretary-treasurer of the State CIO Council,
discontinued support to the W. Md, and
State CIO Councils and the Voice of Labor, i
and agreed to set up Victory Production
committees in each mine.
What is behind each of these resolutions?
First and foremost, the resolution supporting
John L. Lewis indicates that Lewis has pulled
his strings on bis official puppets here.
Lewis, finding little or no support in the
CIO and attempting to build up a basis for
his disruptive activities, passed the word
down to his appointed officials to develop
support for him. That “support” is of Ihe
same nature as a highjacker approaching his
victim and asking him to fork over his valu
ables without any protests.
Attack on Kotr Is Trick
To Hide Lewis Disruption
Secondly, the attack on Katz charged that
Katz “and his subversive associates", mean
ing George A. Meyers and everyone else who
opposes lewis’ policies, were “discrediting
and disrupting” the UMWA. It is common
knowledge that the disruptive work within
the I'.MW A is being carried on by John L.
Lewis. John T. Jones and the other appointed
officials who are seeking to weaken the mine
workers’ role in our nation's war against the
fascist axis. All Western Maryland workers
know that Katz rs not an official in the
Accuse Dies of Aiding 28
Indicted As Seditionists
WASHINGTON—<FP)—Tin- majority of the 2X per- I
sons indicte<l a* seditionists by a I". S. grand jury were j
able to carry <>n their pro-Axis activities as the result of
collaboration with Itep. Martin Dies (I), Tex.), the Natl.
Federation for Constitutional Liberties charged July 2*>.
The charge was made in tele-#
fiiaim lo Pips. Roosevelt, Atty. Cirn. .
Francis Biddle and othrr govern- I
nipv.t officials iiring that the 7-iic.- I
committee la* terminated at once
and that a tPdrral tnv< ligation hr I
marie Into its activitie-
Amone those indicted whom Dies
re;used to investigate in the past. s
the federation said, were diaries t
R Hudson, publisher of the pro- j
Hitler America in Denser. Elmer s
J Garner editor of the fifth <ol
umni Publicity: William Kullgren. t
publisher of the anti-American ;
Beacon Usht: Leon do Aryan. c
CaUlomla storm troop organizer t
and pubhslier of the Fascist Broom: .
Court Asher, former bootlegger and i
publisher ol X-Ray; Elizabeth Dtil- a
ms. author of The Red Network.
Other of the indicted scdiiiotit-ts j
with whom Dies collaborated, the ,
Feel oration charscs, were: i
Gerald B. Winrod. wlto broadcast j
pro-Fa.sclei. anU-Semttic and anti- f
union proposal.da on the radio and
in pamphlets. He was given a wliite- .
washing by the Die committee.
James C. True, organizer 01 'lie j
notorious James True Associates ,
and the Coalition Patriotic Societies. ;
both ol which were named in the j
Indictment. Dies once spoke Iron-. .
tiie same platform with True at a j
meeting sponsored by the Coalition |
E. J. Smythc. Fascist leader ot j
Protestant War Veterans. Dies sup- t
pressed correspondence revealing j
the pro-Hitler activities of Smy.hr
and refused to subpeona him before .
the committee.
The Federation also pointed out I
that Dies has on his committee's j I
payroll Hazel Hoffman, former i
agent of the Constitutional Educa- '
tional League, which was named in I
the indictments. It also called at- I
tentlon lo the fart that practically
all of the ::s indicted srdltlonisis i
had been vigorous supporters of the '
Dies committee.
British OK AFL
Plan On Allied
Labor Unity
WASHINGTON iFP>-The gen-l'
oral council of the British Trades
Union Congress has accepted the
AIT. executive council's counter- !
proposal lor collaboration among'
unions of the U. S. Great Britain ,
and the Soviet Union
This was announced July 24 bv
A FI, Pres. William Greer., who said
ar. Anglo-American Trade Union ,
Committee would meet alternately
In the U. S. and England and the
British members would serve as a
liaison with the Soviet Union, but
there would be no direct contact
between the AFL, ar.d the Soviet
The CIO executive board had ,
previously accepted a proposal of
the British council for U. 8. unions
•o Join the British-Soviet Trade
Union Committee-in existence since
October 1941. Opposition in the i
AFT. to a similar step was led by .
William Hutcheson of the Inti ii
Brn of Carpenters A- Joiners an.
bv API. 2nd Vice Pre Matthewji
Woll (
UMWA, and that he has no part in the
policy-making of the UMWA. John T. Jones,
as the official Lewis hireling in District 16,
therefore, attempts to credit any disunity
in the UMWA to “outside influences”, but
the truth of the matter is that the UMWA
■ officials are disrupting their own organiza
tion by violating the UMW constitution and
violating rank nnd file sentiment of all for
the war. And to add more flavor to the
charge that Katz is attempting to “destroy”
the UMWA. Jones digs up the old bugaboo
of “Red, Commie and Communist” in the
approved Hitleristic manner. John T. Jones
should remember the time, not so very far
distant, when he too was being called such
names by a none too savory character. He
should know that, such name railing is a
fascist tool.
Thirdly, the resolution discounting the
payment of per capita tax to the Western
Maryland CIO Council and the .State CTO
Council, and withdrawing support to the
Voice of Labor is the biggest joke of them
all. For the information of our readers and
advertisers. District .16 first discontinued
support of the Voice of Labor in January,
came hack in April and withdrew again in
May. Numerous mine workers locals, how
ever. continued giving small financial aid
to the paper until June 17, The Voice of
Labor, contrary t<> the hopes of District 16
officialdom, has continued to exist—and
at. the same time, has not paid per capita
t;ix to tlie W, Md. CIO Council since June
and is one <|uarter behind in per capita tax
payments. Hut the (TO Council still Junc
tions. The real intent of the district officials
is seen in their statement that support to the
Voice of Labor and both (TO Councils will
(Continued on I’age -1

Dies Admits
He Is Liar
Martin Die. finally came out and
admiued lie wa> a liar and loined
the camp of million.- ol American
people who said he wee a liar years
Dies, on the floor of the House
recently, made an abject apology to
David B. Vaughn, whom Dies had
charged montlts ago was a member
of a Communist front" organiza
tion. Vaughn, an emplovee of (he
Hoard of Economic Welfare, brought
a S7VOOO libel suit against Dies
[lies admitted Ilia’ lie did not
know Vaughn, had not poken t<>
him belore making ins charge, and
that his investigation AFTER call
ing Vaughn a "Red" revealed thin
ills victim was a ‘splendid, out
standing citizen."
The most amazing thing about,
the whole affair, however, is '.hat
the citizens of the United States
paid *6ll—enough to buy 18.330
machine gun buliets with which to;
kill lascists—hi order to settle the |
libel suit brought against Dies. The:'
precedented secrecy, approved a sell 1
House accounts committee. In tin-;
bill presented by Dies, even alter’
Dies announced that lie would pay
the court costs otr of Ills own'
Dies must think the pockets of
the iieople are his pockets.
Benefit Club
Opens Drive
For Members
A drive for new members was ,
opened this week by the Cclar.ese
Workers Benefit Club which issued
posters explaining that over 510.000
in benefits had been paid to club
'members since July. 1938.
Tiie club, formed by Celanese
workers as a protective agency in
case of accident or sickness, pays
' hospital benefits to Injured Celanesc
workers and weekly benefits for any
disability to members of the club.
Benefits paid since tiie club began j
in 1838 total $10,999. ar.d came tromj
the small Initiation fees and month
jly dues charged each member of
•lie club The initiation fees are $;
for men. $! for women, and dues are
$1 a month
100% War Stamp
Checkoff in 26
Celanese Depts.
Or.e hundred percent of the
workers in 26 departments In the
huge Celanese plant have authoriz
ed the company to checkoff weekly
war stamp purchases, figures re
leased bv the company indicated
In ten more departments, over
90 percent of the workers are pur
chasing wat stamps, while between
62 9 and 89 6 percent of the workers
in 17 other departments are ptir
ichasing the stamps through the
I company. I
Candidate mi;
member of Local ’iOO.I, I MW. i* a
candidate on the Democratic ticket
for the Mate House of Delegate*,
llarry Itobert'oii. member of Local
fiOl,*. I MU. i\ also a undid.tlr for
Ihr House of IlHrcilfs on thr
Democratic ticket.
Ask Big Steei
To Grant Little
Steel Conditions
has bee n asked by the United Steel
|workers 'CIO' to incorporate into
existing agreements a s4<c daii;.
j raise, union security and the check
oil, as ordered by lie Natl. War
i Labor Board m the Little Steel
| case.
I Formal notice was served on the
' U. S, Steel Corp. by the union July
f-1 following a meeting of '.'oo local
At tile same time Pres. Philip
(Murray announced that Bethlehem
and Inland, two of the Little Steel
firms, had agreed to resume nego
tiations for a first contract, which
became deadlocked last February
over the wage and union security is-.
sues. He Interpreted this as mean
ing that the companies were ac
cepting the NWRB decision.
Now Is Time To Open A Second Front
An Editorial
What arc we waiting lor?—until
Hitler says O. K. America, o. k
Britain, open up your second front.
1 I'm ready lor you now?
That's what it seems like -Hitler
is telling us what, kind of military
tactics to follow, instead of us
'telling Hitler In real offensive
The seriousness of Hitler's offens
ive in Russia is a thing we all un
derstand. It is a thing that we know
adds up to victory in 1942 for the
allies, or victory In 1945, three
years from now. It Is a thing that
means defeating Hitler In Europe
now. or defeating him in London
and Cumberland, when Hitler him
self sweeps his forces towards the
Atlantic next year and in 1944.
In other words, we understand
that the Russian Red Army is
fighting lor New York and London,
as well as Moscow and Stalingrad
That is why the people of Britain
land the United States are clamor-
t * \^U^o'&‘f'& r lPfi y '
YUII&- Dll
I I 1.1-II -I ■■"■—
Throw Hat
In Ring
The county political picture which
has hung askew for the post few
month.'; w.. a little straighter to
day after the deadline for the fll
| lng of candidacy for office was
[reached last week.
With three announced labor can
didates in the field for the State
House of Delegates, and many more
'who will probably receive the en
dorsement of labor organizations,
the political picture looked brighter
than It lias been in recent years.
The three labor candidates, all
members of Allegany county unions,
were Mrs. Eva M Chaney, Loral
1871; Harr/ Robertson, Local 6012.
United Mine Workers, and presi
dent of the W. Md. Industrial
|LT.lor. Council: and Stephen L
Cesnick, Local 2003. UMW member.
Mrs. Chaney is a candidate for the
House of Delegates, subject to the
Republican primary, while Robert
son and Cesnick arc candidates for
the House of Dclcga'e.s on the Dem
ocratic ticket.
Opposed to Mrs. Chaney are
eight other candidates for the
House of Delegates on the Repub
lican primary ticket, from which
six Republicans will be selected to
run in the general election.
Robertson, who filed last week.
' already lias received the endorse
ment of the W. Md Industrial
Union Council. Local 2003 and local
6012, United Mine Workers. Ces
nlrk lias been endorsed by the same
three labor organizations and local
1874. while Mrs. Chaney has been
endorsed by laxal 1374 and the CIO
Robertson, president of local
6012 for four years, is at present
treasurer of the union, a post he
has hold for three years. He is a
member of the Miners' Relief Com
mittee which has been one of the
leading forces in the establishment
of the Lonacoutug Health Center
and Is a; present concentrating its
efforts on the conversion of the
I onnron.iig Health Center into a
hospital. He is vice-chairman of
the Lonaroning Health Center,
president of the W. Md. Industrial
Ur.tou Council, and ts also prom
inent in chureli activities. Married,
he is the father of two sons, both
in high school
Ccnl k is an active member of
lik. union and is at present a mem
ber of the CIO council executive
Hoard. He Is a mem tier of the
Maryland mine examination board
appointed by the governor.
Mrs. Chaney, a delegate to the
CIO council, is a member of the
Local 1874 educational committee,
and a number of other Important
union committees. She is tiie wife
of L. H. "Red" Chaney, manager
of the Local 1374 basketball team.
Accidents Increase
CHICAGO 'FP—The casualty
list of the unsung heroes of the
war was announced by the Natl.
Safety Council July 26. It revealed
jthat Industrial accidents killed
4.353 workers in 23 states in the
! first half of 1942. an increase of
13' over the same period in 1941.
Council To Meet
The Western Maryland Industrial
Union Council will hold a regular
meeting Thursday. August. 13. at 8
p. m. Harry Robertson, president of
the council, announced today
Ing for a : econd front NOW.
The people of Great Britain want!
the .second front against Hitler!
because they not only realize that!
Hitler's armies In France and Nor-!
way are now fighting: on the Russ
ian Iron:, but because the British
people know that Russia has kept
the skys clear over England. The
American people want a second
front because they have come to
realize that offensive action, as
Illustrated by General MacArthur.h
is the only means ol defeating the
fascist axis.
True, the cost of a second front,
m men and machines, will be great,
but it is Just as true that If the
war is prolonged, the cost will be
very much higher. By defeating
Hitler, in 1942. we can, therefore,|
be assured of saving many of the'
lives of our youths now serving for
What ran the people do la
see to It that a second front is
opened Immediately? The New
York Herald Trlbuns of July I
given tbo answer: "What the ,
ii**. *— I*** ~*~
. ■ Madison Square Park in New York to demonstrate In support of the immediate opening of a second front
against Hiller as a means of u speedy victory for the United Nations. The rally was called by ihr Greater
r New York Industrial Union C ouncil.
U.S. Milk Order May
Be Near, Farmers Say
The possibility that a federal milk control order, coti
j trolling prices paid to farmers by dairies, would become a
i reality in the Cumberland milk shed was nearer today.
■ members of the Tri-State Milk Producers Association re-
j porltii.
The federal milk order whichg
j would take effect In the Cumber
land milk sited only alter a ma
• Jonty of the farmers voted In lavor
,*oT tile project, has been advocated*
“ by the milk producers
j lor tlte post lew months
U. s. Department oi Agriculture
’ officials hi Washington acre in- !
. vestigatlng the plan to place the
„ question of a lederal milk order
I belore the dairy larmers shipping
jj milk into the Cumberland area, it
j war, learned.
, Ollicials of the Department of
. Agriculture, who had investigated
j the necessity of a lederal milk order
In this area, explained that the
order would be “very beneficial'’ to
j the farmer os well as the dairies
and consumers,
The milk order stabilizes prices
? paid to the iarnters by tite dairies,
e as well as stabilizing milk pruduc-
I lion from tlte farmers to 'lie dairies,
the Agriculture Department officials*
II explained. They said that the milk
f producer is paid on the basis ol the
'• use put to his milk shipped to the
'• dairies. ’llte use classification, as
s well as weights and butter fat con
r tettl test, is the basis for the com
putation of the price paid to the
I Under the federal milk order, an
administrator Is allowed to check
the books of a dairy in order :*
:‘determine whether the dairy paid a
milk producer on the proper basis,
i If It Is found ltun a dairy underpaid
i a producer, the dairy must adjust
r its account with the producer, the
l officials explained.
Milk producers, whether stock
holders in a dairy or not. are per
mitted to vote in the referendum
on ihc milk order Dairies have
1 no vote in the determination.
* The federal mli* orders are tn
1 operation in major milk sheds
throughout the naiion The Wash-
public can do is to assure its
military leaders that it under
stands the seriousness of the
moment, that it is Killing to
take tlir risks, to contemplate
the heavy losses, that practical
action may demand. Whatever
ran be done it is ready and
anxious In do. no matter what
it may cost, for It knows that
Its destiny Is at stake."
The public, at the same time,
ican understand the forces operat
ing to prevent a second front. These
forces are the Hltlerlrtic defeatists
who would much rather sec Russia
beaten than Hitler beaten. These
; defeatists in America arc attempt
ing to develop a distrust not only
of the Russians, but of the British.
!These defeatists say: "The reason
[we haven’t opened a second front
yet Is because the British military
leaders arc against It." BUT. In
F.t'.iilnnd. Hie similarly colored dc
icatists operating there, nrr saying
"the American military leaders
don't want a second front, and are
preventing a second front." That's
ington. D c. milk shed, which ha.
been receiving the attention of milk
producers association members, is in
‘operation as far west as Hancock.
Bedford. Pa. is in the Philadelphia
milk shed now under a federal milk
I order.
Milk producers in the Bedlord.
Pa. area reported that the operation
of the federal milk order in that
area has been very successful, and
is satisfactory to both dairies ar.ri
Coning Exam To Meet
A special meeting of Coning Exam 1
department will he held in Textile
Hall. Monday. August 3. nr 7:30
p. m . Julian Baker, chairman, an
nounced today, and asked all mem
bers of tiso department to attend.
Get $42 Hour Raise
of the Little Steel companies, who
cried tha' 44r hourlv rapes for the
workers would mean unlimited in
flation. received up to $42 79 hourly
increases in 1941
Unite Negroes With Us
In War, Meyers Asks
A warning that we must "either unite the Negro people
as full tleiljfod American citizens with the rest of us in this
war against tyranny and fascism, or we will alienate the
Negro people Iron) us. thereby serving the Axis enemies
of democracy." was impressed by (icorjte A. Meyers. Md. &
D.C. CIO Council president, upon Joseph !’ Ilealy, chairman
of the Governor s Commission to Study Negro I’roblems.
In a letter t<> Healy, Meyers said ♦
In the highly industrialized areas
of the state there are numerous
concerns which, to this day. rclu.e
employment to Negro workers
how Hitler works 0:1 the minds oi
the American ami British people
through his agents, fifth-columnists
and propagandists We can defeat
one of Hitler's aims by thinking
through Ills lies and Ills carefully
placed words of distrust.
And we can detent Hitlers pro
paganda by writing to ou: Com
mander-In-Chief, President Frank
, Itn D. Roosevelt, assuring him that
■ we American people stand whole
• hoartedly behind him In his recent
s decision to open "a second front
i in Europe in 1942." For this reason,
r| to facilitate matters, the Voice of
■ Labor Is printing a blank on Page 2
' which you can paste on a postcard.
,or place In an envelope to mail to
i President Roosevelt Let him know
titliat Hitler's propaganda hasn't*
[touched you. Let him know you see 1
i a threat to victory If Russia t
■ dclrated. Let him know that you're
: barking him up KHi percent with
your work mi ilie production line
•jLet him know that were read'
To Give Report
On Negotiations
At 1874 Meet
R- ports of the progress of nego
tiations are to be given by tin.* Local
1874 negotiating committee at the
general membership meeting of tise
union. Wednesday. Align"' 12. union
ofiiciais announced.
Regular business will l>c dis
cussed at the remainder >f the
, meeting. the offlcicl' said The im
portance of every union member In
attending the meeting wa stressed
by the official".
Set Up Council
On Transportation
A Joint union-management com
mittee. rstaoiisr.rd in "he Celanese
plan: upon the request of the Of-
I.ve of Price Administration In an
effort to facilitate requests lor sup
plementary gasoline rationing cards
,by Ccliinse workers. Is In operation
1 today.
Tile committee, composed of Roa
-1 rrt Tins.utc.. and Nctl Tory. rep
resenting Local 1874: and Edward
Allen and Wesley Helmer. repre
senting the Celanese Corporation,
lias already received huncrccs of
applications for supplementary gas
rations and is recommending either
.refusal or granting of additional
► allowances to the iocal gas ration
ing board
L is the firs' union-management
committee ever established in the
Celanese plant
though there hv horn a consider*
ablr huo and crv about rhr shortage
ol labor
"Thi> is true not onh m the
Baltimore area, but also in Western
"Some employers have evaded
President Roosevelt a request to
cease discrimination by giving Negro
workers token employment on un
skilled Jobs or else segregating them
in some specific department
"It is most unwise and dangerous
in hinder our war el&irt in this state
In discriminating against workers
because of the color of their skin,
when, in these very times, workers
arc urgently and acutely needed in
the industries which are necessary
to the winning of the war "
Housing Rail
Meyers cited several types of dis
crimination, including;
1 Bad housing condition.' lor
Negroes, who are crowded into re
stricted slums
I. of Negro labor, par
ticularly on the Eastern Shore.
3. Police brutality in Baltimore.
Meyers suggested Immediate ap
ixiintment of Negro policemen to
help remedy ihe situation, particul
arly in the heavily populated Negro
Meyers criticized ‘the attitude of
the Baltimore City Administration
toward the Negro people tnl their
Just light tot equal treatment In
connection with the goll course case
now pending." t
To Begin
In August
I Negotiations expected to
lead toward the upward ad
justment of wages for work
ers in the Kelly-Springfield
Engineering Company are to
>tart sometime in August.
Raymond C. Burkhart, pres
ident of Local 26, United
Rubber Workers of America,
announced today.
Burkhart said Local 26 which ha*
a collective bargaining agreement
with the Kelly-Sprlngfleld Tire Co,
an adjunct of the Kelly-Sprlngfleld
Engineering Co., will meet August
to select a negotiating committee.
Tlie upward adjustment In wages,
Burkhart said, will be m eonlorm*
ity with the prevailing wage scales
established by the Darls-Bacon Art
covering production under govern
ment. contract of government work,
the union explained.
Burkhart said coutracturni rights
with the Engineering company were
established definitely by Dr. Wil
liam O. Rice, War Labor Board ar
bltrator, who handed down a de
cision on a Jurisdictional dispute
between Local 26 and the Building
Trades Council, AFL. ol Cumber
Dr. Rice. In his decision, said the
contractural relations between Local
26 and the Kelly-Sprlngfleld Tire
Co. had been established by a
National Labor Relations Board
election and ruling. The Kelly-
Springfield Engineering Co., by the
explanations offered through its of
ficers. the University of Wisconsin
Law School professor continued,
was merely a ‘'bookkeeping” concern
for transactions covering govern
ment work, and the facilities of the
i. e company are still being utilized.
The arbitrator. In deciding on
the Jurisdictional dispute between
he two Cumberland unions, upheld
Local 26's position and ruled that
installation of machinery be carried
on by members of the Rubber
Workers union lh all tire company
1 buildings which have been remod
eled or are being remodeled, while
the Installation of machinery in new
buildings now being constructed be
performed by AFL members.
Tne dispute, which lias been
pending for more than three
months, arose on the claim by the
AFL Building Trades Council ot
tlic right of AFL machinists to In
stall all machinery in new and re
modeled Kelly buildings which were
being constructed or reconstructed
by contractor* operating under
closed shop agreements with the
Building Trades Council.
The arbitrator, however, derided
that established relations between
Local 26 and the Kelly-Sprlngfleld
Tire Co., and Engineering Co. were
more beneficial to harmonious rela
tion in the plant than the introduc
tion of a new bargaining set-up re
'ulting in vastly different bargain
ing relations.
At the same time. Dr. Rice ex
plained. consideration was given
to the manpower status In Cumber
land where hundreds of former rub
ber plant workers were unemployed
while AFI; machinists, if they were
to work on Installation, would have
to be recruited from all sections
ol the nation to Cumberland. Dr.
Rice said that Kelly management
had testified that maintenance and
Installation of machinery work per
formed by hundreds of rubber plant
workers had been satisfactory, and
added that the forthcoming instal
lation work could be done Just a*
satisfactorily by the rubber workers
who have gained this previous ex
The dispute, which gained na
tion-wide attention, was under
consideration by the War Labor
Board at first, then went before the
U. S. Conciliation Service, then to
a labor panel of two AFL and two
CIO representatives of the WOr
Board, and finally brforr an arbi
trator selected by the War Labor
The decision L binding upon both
parties as n result of an agreement
reached by CIO President PhlUp
Murray and AFI. President William
Green to settle all jurisdictional
disputes arising between the major
Isbor group*
URW Wins Union
Security at U. S.
tenance of membership clausa ter
'21,500 employes of the C. 8. Rubber
Co. was granted by the Natl. War
Labor Board July 23 In a 6 to 3 vohfc
Employer members of the board dl
The union Is the United Rubber
Workers 'CIO>. Wage demand* ate
being considered by a 3-man arM
uratfon panel.

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