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MARYLAND SUFFRAGE NEWS SUPPLEMENT TO THE WOMAN’S JOURNAL. Editor-in-Chief: MRS. DONALD R. HOOKER. • Cedar Lawn, Homeland Avenue, Gorans, Md. Managing Editor: MRS. FRANKLIN F. MALL. 1514 Bolton Street. Contributing Editors: Dr. Thaddeus P. Thomas. Dr. O. Edward Janney, Mrs. John G. Wilson, Dr. Donald R. Hooker, Mrs. Charles G. Keller, Dr. Florence R. Sarin. Business Manager: MRS. DORA G. OGLE. 1516 Mt. Royal Avenue. BALTIMORE, APRIL 13, 1912 MR. McKIM AND THE LIQUOR LICENSE BOARD Mr. S. S. McKim, whose appointment as Liquor License Commis sioner in Baltimore by the Governor failed of confirmation by the Senate, may or may not be with us. We are, at any rate, with him. His explanation of the action of the Senate, entirely uncontradicted at present writing, reveals a sorry and sordid side of machine politics. Mr. McKim is reported to have said that royal influence was brought to bear upon him not to refuse license to a certain disreputable house, which was of political value in that it controlled two hundred or more votes. He, however, did vote to refuse the license, and thereby in curred displeasure, which expressed itself through the city members of the Senate, who recommended that he be not confirmed for reap pointment, a recommendation which was duly followed by the Senate. We have in this case a striking instance of a Democratic persona non prata with his party because he insists on standing by the will of the people as expressed in the law covering such hotels, which are not bona-fide hotels, but actually houses of ill-repute. We avoid detailed prophecy as to what women will do with the ballot. That has nothing to do with the issue. But we do feel sure women today are behind such men as Mr. McKim, at least when they uphold the law governing immoral hotels. Such action literally means life and happiness to very many women ; not alone to the unfortunates who, mentally diffident, gravitate toward a life of shame, but to their more fortunate sisters as well. He who runs may read this sign. The city of Seattle has lighted it clearly. The politician who can deliver the goods chiefly uses two weapons: First, influence to kill legislation which will weaken his powers; this is used openly only in extremis; and second, control of office so that legislation need not be enforced. The latter is popular and easy, a method too little appreciated by many who oppose the voice of women in politics. We have an example of this, in the case of Mr. McKim. Judge Xiles, subsequently appointed to fill the vacancy in the board, is an excellent choice. He may be counted upon to stand by the written law. We prophesy boldly, however, that he will feel the pinch of influence superimposed on the inertia of the electorate. It is this combination that makes the official life of a good man difficult. Hence our effort to get votes for women that we may efficiently support such official acts as that for which Mr. McKim was turned out of office. MISS DEAN’S TRIUMPH AND WHAT IT TEACHES One of the most significant events in the history of woman suffrage in this State was the presentation to Miss Dean of a tribute of appre ciation of her services in the cause of good government by a group of women. Its significance was brought out by what was said on that occasion, namely, that good government and true liberty are only to be won and held by eternal vigilance. Women as a class naturally so shrink from the methods of personal abuse which are used in prac tical politics, as was evidenced in the last session of the Legislature, that they tend to mistake cause for effect. The real difficulty in politics is the corruption, the “trading off of good bills for bad,’’ not the personal abuse tluit seeks to hide the real evil. The thing which this country needs to rescue our experiment in popular government from failure is work —efficient work from the good men and women of the community. The organization is in control because it is willing to work. The organization is in control because it follows up every point. Meanwhile, in spite of Mr. Cummings’ vacillating accusation of Miss Dean, now of inefficiency, now of a belief in woman suffrage, let tlie women of Maryland remember that the discrediting of Miss Dean’s work by the Legislature followed very soon after her very efficient service to the State against bribery. MR. FAIRBANKS AIDS THE CAUSE We gladly welcome the news that Ex-Vice-President Fairbanks favors the extension of the franchise to women. Mr. Fairbanks is not a radical, not even a progressive, and yet we like his words “Whenever women obtain the right to vote, they have exercised their privilege with as much wisdom and with as sincere a desire to advance the gen eral good as men have ever manifested.’’ Maybe Mr. Fairbanks is considering a re-entry into national poll tics. Maybe lie feels the pressure of the rising wind and is looking to his. sails. It is at least gratifying that the tone of his utterance is outspoken and sincere. It sounds to the East as it does to the West. We commend his words to T. B. and W. W. MARYLAND SUFFRAGE NEWS THE COURTS AND THE LAW The masterly argument of Mr. Charles J. Bonaparte at the annual meeting of the Society for the Suppression of Vice, on February 27, in favor of enforcing the law which prohibits the keeping of houses of vice, would seem ro be unanswerable. On the one band, the meaning of the law is unmistakable; no such place is allowed to exist. On the other, the penalty must be imposed. The penalty consists in a flue not exceeding SSOO, or imprisonment, or both. 'When such cases are brought before the courts, as they are in this city, once a year, usually in the month of May, it is the present policy of our courts to impose a nominal line—ss and costs —and then dis miss the offenders to continue their iniquitous business, to scatter the seeds of disease far and wide, and to offer a constant temptation to thousands. It is evident, as Mr. Bonaparte clearly showed, that such a method of dealing with social vice is not an attempt to punish crime or to diminish the evil, but merely the carrying out of a do-nothing policy. It will be noted that the judges keep within the letter of the law. When a case is brought to trial and a confession of guilt entered, the judge complies with the letter of the law by imposing a penalty, but does not carry out the intent of the law in so far as the penalty is wholly inadequate to discourage the criminal from continuing her unlawful practice, in fact, the treatment of this evil by the courts must tend to encourage and not diminish crime. This becomes more evident when the fact is brought out that these women are brought before the court but once a year unless some unusual disorder should occur. As Mr. Bonaparte further shows, in all other classes of criminal cases repeated offences are met by the imposition of increasingly severe penalties. In the case of a liquor dealer, for instance, who vio lates the law, he receives, if convicted, a light punishment for the first offence, a more severe one for the second, and on the third his license may be revoked, thus putting him out of business. In the case of a keeper of a house of vice, however, although she is much more a vio lator of the law than the above-mentioned liquor dealer, she is pun ished ( ?) by the imposition of a trifling fine and, instead of being told to go and sin no more, is allowed to go and keep on sinning, with impunity, until next May 1 And then some more. The question naturally arises, Why do the courts take this position in relation to social vice, when they take the opposite in regard to all other violations of law? Let the judges themselves answer: “To impose in all cases a sentence of imprisonment or heavy fine upon keepers of bawdy houses, with the intent to entirely suppress such houses, is not at this time wise. In any system that has been suggested to us the objections seem even more valid than to the present system. Study lias convinced the court that the public is as yet shamefully ignorant as to the harm caused by what is called the Social Evil. As soon as education and reflection secure a better appreciation of the whole subject, further advances can be made.” (Statement from the Bench.) Whatever plan of treating social vice may he adopted by a com munity, none could be worse in principle than the one in force in Baltimore. It is a plan of toleration of vice, of permission to exist under illegal police restrictions enforced in a partial manner, and back of all this is the belief that social vice is a “necessary evil.” But many evils that have been deemed necessary have been abol ished or greatly reduced by the advance of civilization. Witness slavery, child labor, long hours of toil, bigotry and persecution, gambling and intemperance. So with social vice. The courts do not seem to realize it, in their isolation from popular currents of opinion, but a great change has taken place in the attitude of the public on this question, especially since the agitation for the suppression of the white-slave traffic. There is a growing determination to close all houses of vice, and the authorities will find themselves supported by the thoughtful element in the community when they adopt a plan of prompt and persistent repression of social vice, in accordance with the law. We are persuaded that very soon the Supreme Bench will fall into line with this movement for the salvation of young girls and young men and the prevention of social disease. A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION, BUT— The plan of the Home League of the Delineator to remove laws that discriminate against women from the statute-books of the different States Avill receive sympathetic support from women. We wish the cause great success, but cannot help feeling that it is a method familiar to every physician of treating symptons rather than the disease. The fundamental reason that there are laws that discriminate against women is that women are riot considered worthy to have their desires counted in the common councils of the nation. We cannot help feeling that the more constructive statesmanship is to work directly for woman suffrage rather than to seek to remove, one by one, the evil effects of the lack of it. The one great defect cannot be removed by the indirect method. That is the loss of self-respect and of dignity that is inherent in belonging to a subordinated, governed class. The fact of motherhood is not an adequate reason for the subordination of the interests of an entire sex. Fortunately, there are constructive thinkers among women who are striking directly at the root of the disease. In the meanwhile we appreciate the educational value of the work of the Home League and shall hope soon to enroll all its members in the active suffrage work. CHINESE AND INDIANS BLAZE THE TRAIL The Pueblo Indian women, although they know nothing of suf frage, can give us pointers on property matters. They build the houses and own them, and when one marries she takes her husband home. Then, if she gets tired of him, or he does not behave himself, she puts his saddle outside the door. This shows him that he is persona non (/rata and constitutes a divorce. But the wife keeps the childreri and her house. 4gg§s # THE LETTER-BOX All communications for this coulmn should he sent to Airs. Charles J. Keller, Just Gov ernment League, 15 East I’leasant street. Rome Was Not Built in a Day. Frederick County, Md. March 27, 1912. The message from the Frederick county branch of the Just Govern ment League to the new organ of the Suffrage Cause in Maryland can only be one of encouragement. If it is a fine thing for an army not to know when it is defeated, it is surely the part of Maryland Suffragists to regard their recent experience with tin* Legislature as a victory, for the cause lias cer tainly been advanced by being tlie subject of debate and considera tion all over the State. Our County Branch, in its ex istence of fourteen months, has not accomplished wonders, but it has learned a few things; it takes a modest pride in this fact, and in two others—that two of the Dele gates from this conservative old county voted in favor of the bill, and that tlie petition bore the names of one hundred and fifty of our best men and women. This may not seem matter for congratulation to our city sisters, who deal in large numbers and are in the front ranks of the pro cession, but the town and country people will know that it is. Education and co-operation are mighty forces; having enlisted them in our service, who knows what Maryland may not do in the next two years? Yours very truly, Bertha Trail. Warm Welcome From a Good Friend. 1418 Eutaw Place. Dear Mrs. Mall: I am glad to hear of tlie supple ment Maryland Suffrage News. I trust the aggressiveness of our splendid committee here will be fore long Ik* productive of tangible results, and that we will have the women’s vote united to that of all good citizens in dealing with ques tions of public policy, especially that one which interests me so deeply now —the elimination of vice and low resorts from our city. Faithfully yours, Howard A. Kelly. March 27, 1912. A Sign of Growth. To the Editor: It is certainly encouraging to know that Maryland has a suffrage paper of its own. This is surely another great proof of the increas ing growth of the cause in our State. I wish to congratulate you upon the undertaking, and hope you will have all possible success. Su SAN CRO N MILLER, President Just Government League of Laurel. Laurel, Md. (Mrs. LePage Cronmiller.) Why do women vote more faith fully than men ? Because they are at home on elec tion dav.