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v k October 2, 1942 Five Cents Five Years Ago First Five Families Moved I Into Greenbelt; Messages Observe Anniversary Five families moved into the new Greenbelt housing project September 30. 1937, pioneers for the town which now has a population of 4,500. Only Town Manager Roy S. Braaen remains in residence from the five who were first five years ago. In observance of the anniversary of Greenbelt’s occupancy we publish below messages from Ser geant Julian Ashley, the first resident, (he moved with his family from this town only last month); from Town Manager Braden who is now Greenbelt’s oldest resident in length of occupancy; and from Louis Bessemer, an early resident who was the first mayor. The First Family Writes “On September 29, 1937, I called Manager Roy S. Braden and ask ed if I could move in to 1-G Gar denway; he stated ‘No’, but after much persuasion, he agreed for me to have my furniture moved in on September 30th. He was very positive about my family spending the night of September 30th, as there was no electric current, lights, or heat. Well, you can use your own judgement—this Marine had landed, so he held his ground.” “Greenbelt grew by leaps and bounds, the first twenty-five fa milies moving in during the pe riod from October Ist to the 3rd. Some of the politicians began holding meetings; for the first six months, one could always find some meeting in session. One of the most important was the fa mous “Transportation Committee.” “A month or so after Greenbelt became a town, the Greenbelt Con sumer Services became a reality, and its numerous stores now show the wonderful progress that has been made. “My family, consisting of wife and three children, two of the lat ter still residing in your fair city, have never enjoyed' LIVING’, such as was experienced in Greenbelt. To me, nothing can express the five years we were there any more than the term, "We really lived and were happy.” “Duty has milled, and I was transferred to St. Louis, Missiouri. ■Sfy fahilly wißfae*to convey to all our friends and neighbors, our very best wishes. Semper Fidelis!” Sincerely, Julian M. Ashley, Marine Gunner, U. S. Marine Corps. Citizens Playing True and False' Monday Evening Ten of Greenbelt’s leading citi zens are going to be on the spot Monday night at the Citizens As sociation meeting when Master of Ceremonies Radinsky, conducts a “True and False” program. Stanley Ostler, president an nounces that following the success ful program in September the newly formed entertainment com mittee have been asked to continue lending a lighter touch to mem bership meetings. Plans for the meeting of Octo ber 5 include community singing at 8 p. m., and “True and False” program after the short business meeting, Defense stamps will be given as prizes to the winning team and person. Folk dancing for all will complete the evening. Cards Are Ready Membership cards of the Asso cation will be available at the meeting. In addition to signifing membership these cards entitle holder to discount privileges in va rious retail organizations in Wash ington. President Ostler points out that as an example sporting goods may be purchased at a dis count of 10 to 33 percent, and that not only are electrical ap pliances available but well-known makes may be had at 16 to 30 per cent discount. The Cooperator has been unable to learn whether these are discounts from the list price or the regular selling price. Sir Simon Visits Here Sir Ernest and Lady Simon of the British Embassy visited Greenbelt Tuesday and were shown about the project by Town Manager Roy S. Braden. Sir Simon is greatly interested in honsing developments. Mr. Braden’s Message (“September 30, 1937 was a red letter day in the life of Greenbelt because on that date the first five families moved to the community. These five are the families of Ser geant and Mrs. J. M. Ashley, who left us a few weeks ago to go to St. Louis to make their home, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Stevens, Mrs. Ste vens being the secretary of the community manager; Mr. and Mrs. Morris Templeman, who was the first manager of the food store; Mr. and Mrs. Harold Alder ton; Mrs. Alderton being a teacher in the schools for some years; and Mr. and Mrs. Roy S. Braden, the community manager. Of these first five families only the Bradens remain, the others having moved to other locations by reason of transfer of position. Twelve fa milies moved here on October Ist and others followed until occu pancy was completed one year la ter in October 1938. Eight hun dred and fifty-eight homes in all were included in the first Green belt. Of this number four homes were used for the medical center and hospital, one for a hotel apart ment, and one for a demonstration home, leaving 879 homes to be oc cupied. “Greenbelt residents have come to us from every state in the Unit ed States and many of the first residents of the community still live here and play a prominent part in the life of the town. How ever, due to the fact that more than 77 per cent of our people were Government employees, this meant many transfers which called our people to other sections of the country. During the first five (Continued on Page 4) High School P.T. A. Loses Dr. Dykstra; Will Meet Tuesday The season’s first regular meet ing of the Greenbelt High School Parent-Teachers Association will be held Tuesday, October 6 at 8 p. m. in the High School cafeteria. Paul Barnhart, High School principal, announces that the im portant business will be the elec tion of a president to take the place cf President-elect Dr. T. Dykstra, who has been sent to China on a government mission. Dr. Dykstra, Berwyn, a special ist in agriculture, has been loaned by the U. S. Department of Agri culture to the State Department and is one of a party going to China as part of the cultural rela tions program. The group left a short time ago and will go to the interior of China to help develop new crops and products for present and future Chinese agriculture. “The Place of the High School in the World at War” will be the theme of the evening and the pre sent school curriculum and plans for the year will be discussed. New members of the faculty are to be introduced and refreshments will be served by the home econo mics department. Mr. Barnhart urges that “all parents and friends who are in terested should attend.” Rogers Goes to Colorado Joseph L. Rogers, former man ager of the Variety Store, left Tuesday for Granada, Colorado where he will operate the stores in a camp for interned Japanese citizens. At the time of his departure Mr. Rogers did not -know just what the set-up would be, since the stores have not yet been built. He has been employed by the Government to decide how many stores will be necessary in (Continued on Page 3) Letter from First Mayor On the occasion of the fifth an niversary of the opening of Greenbelt we have the following message from Louis Bessemer, early resident and first mayor of the town: “Many changes have made Greenbelt over in spirit and char acter, I suppose, since I left last year. Yet, I hope that these early years are enriched by fruitful experiences, and valuable gains for the the community welfare. “As we approach the fifth anni versary of Greenbelt’s birth, I judge many who have had some wow or association with the town are challenged in their thinking about what lessons can be learned from this pioneer American ad venture in cooperative town liv ing and community planning. For one, I can truthfully say, the whole pattern of life for me has been better conditioned and better revealed because of the intimate Greenbelt relations and because of the work involved in voluntary group activity! It can be honestly said, I am sure, that we do gain some slight wisdom, if we appre ciate the intricate problems of human relations and human nature. This Greenbelt teaches in so objective a manner as to defy contradiction. “I am so happy, in these words, to convey to all of you the meas ure of happiness which I carry with me as I recall the first year of Greenbelt living. For me it surely seemed as though a great vision had materialized for the common good, for Greenbelt does now, in a sense, best typify the aspirations and ideals which gave birth to a great American way of (Continued on Page 3) Mrs. Reed Explains Scheol Grouping At P.T. A. Meeting Nearly 150 men and women attended the first meeting of the Parent-Teacher Association for the 1942-43 season Monday night in the Auditorium to hear Mrs. Catherine Reed, principal of the Elementary School, explain the group organization of pupils. After a short business meeting Mrs. Reed stated that P.T.A. meetings would begin promptly at 8 p. m. and end at 9:30, and then gave her discussion of the topic for the evening. She stressed the necessity for parents supporting the morale of the organization this year more than ever before. “The program must meet the needs of the people by breaking down the previous formality of the organ ization,” she told the assembled parents and teachers. Part-time Schedule Seen Mrs. Reed also announced that it will be necessary to place the school on a part-time basis in the immediate future, but gave assur ances that the children would have complete supervision for the en tire school day. For the information of new residents Mrs. Reed described the group division of school children as applied in Greenbelt. Instead of the more common separation by grades, the children are placed in groups. Those children who have had no formal school training are placed in group I, the second and third grades are in group 11, the fourth and fifth grades in group 111, and the sixth and seventh grades in group IV. The first two groups function under a work and play program while group 111 studies housing. The older children, group IV, are given the choice of one of three projects. They may belong to the nature trail group, the re sources group which investigates (Continued on Page 2) New Civilian Defense Council •s. . • Selects Officers; Financial Report Shows S4OO Reserves On Hand Thomas R. Freeman was named chairman of Green belt’s Civilian Defense Council when that new body met Monday night with the chiefs of staff of the local Defense Corps. The meeting was largely occupied with explanations of duties which the new Council will assume. Mrs. E. S. Nagle is the Council’s secretary. Registration at Legion Home Oct. 6 and 13 Registration for the November 3 state election will be held for the Greenbelt precinct on Tuesday, October 6 and a week later on October 13, for transfers only, at the American Legion Home on the Branchville Road. The first day of registration was Tuesday, September 29. It is necessary to secure at least 600 registrations and decla rations by October 6 in order that Greenbelt residents may continue to have the privilege of voting in its own precinct in county, state and national elections. At the pre sent time there are 78 registrations lacking to fill the requirement with 22 having been filed last Tuesday. On May 17, 1942 Judge Thomas R. Freeman, who is in charge of registrations, went before the elec tion board and, after agreeing that Greenbelt would comply with the law and furnish at least 600 registrations and declarations se cured permission to set up a poll ing place. “It seemed to me,” stated Judge Freeman, “that out of a town the size of Greenbelt we could get at least 600 people who would be interested in voting.” It w. s pointed out the regis tering or making a declaration of interest will not affect Civil Ser vice standings and that declara tions will be entered on the re cords and thereby help toward filling the quota. Transfers from other polling places will also be accepted. Judge Freeman has the declaration forms at his home, 23- G Ridge Road, for the convenience of those who find it hard to go to the American Legion Home on the appointed days. Says Judge Freeman, “I don’t give a damn whether you’re a Democrat or a Republican, come on out and register even if you don’t intend to vote.” Band 'Varieties' Is Tonight's Show “Varieties”, the Greenbelt Barid’s second in a series of four “uni form” shows opens tonight at 8 p. m. in the Elementary School Auditorium. The Band is present ing the show in an effort to raise funds for the purchase of addition al uniforms for new members! Tickets are 36 cents each. The program, with possible changes in sequence, is as follows: Selections by the Band, John Keith Freeman, directing. Song, America, by the audience accompanied by the band. Comedy—Ralphe Sauls. Accordian solos—Kay Thomas. Victory Tap Dance accompanied by Mrs. Donald Herwick. Intermission. John Walker and his Hill Bally Band. Comedy—Mr. Radinsky. Chorus by members of the High School Glee Club accompanied by Doris Keplinger. Singing, dancing, playing co medy by Herbert Hall, Sr. Barber Shop Band. Surprise—“ 3in 1”. Wilmer P. Johnston will act as master of ceremonies. Candy and other refreshments will be on sale in the lobby. Two Vacancies Exist Other Defense Council members are Mrs. Leon Benefiel, Cyril Tur ner, David R. Steinle, Fred De- Jaeger and Captain Harry Bates. Two existing vacancies are expect ed to be filled shortly by the Town Council. Two committees have been set up by this policy board for the town’s civilian defense. The fi nance committee will be in charge of all requisitions coming from the Defense Corps, and the ways and means committee will formulate plans for money-raising affairs'. The Defense Council will meet semi-monthly on the Monday nights that the Town Council does not meet. The next session is scheduled for October 12 at the Fire House. S4OO in Reserve The September 30 statement of receipts and expenditures for the local Civilian Defense Corps shows total receipts of $987.25, total ex penditures of $530.05, and a ba lance of $457.20. Four hundred dollars of this will be retained as a reserve fund. Commander Arthur Rysticken explained the necessity for this reserve fund by pointing out that a single air raid would consume the entire amount just in first aid supplies expended and food used for emergency meals. The complete statement follows: EXPENDITURES Staff Stationery & Supplies $ 20.70 Misc. Stationery, Postage $ 13.70 Twine $ 1.00 Parade Signs $ 6.00 $ 46.40 Air Raid Wardens Whistles $ 16.20 Arm Bands $ 27.60 Stationery, Postage $ 3.45 $ 47.15 Auxiliary Policemen Chevrons and Caps $ 24.60 Police Clubs $ 5.00 Auxiliary Firemen Cover-alls $ 73.75 Arm Bands $ 5.62 $ 79.37 Emergency Medical Mobile First Aid Kit $125.54 Blankets $ 84.00 Cots $ 10.95 Arm Bonds $ 7.60 Muslin $ 5.02 Freight on Supplies $ 7.36 Misc. Supplies $ 5.00 Cantine Unit Pots and Pans $ 9.42 Oil Stove $ 9.00 Misc. Equipment $ 10.29 Food Supplies $ 10.59 $ 47.30 Air Spotters Rain Coats and Hats $ 11.66 Arctics $ 6.00 Umbrella $ 6.90 Sun Glasses and Lamp $ 1.40 Jug $ 2.40 Clip Boards and Stationery $ 6.50 $ 34.86 Total Receipts $987.25 Total Expenditures $530.06 Balance $457.20 Reserve for Emergency $400.06 Available for Expenditures $ 57.20 Mrs. Carl Hintz, 3 Forestway, is teaching the class in sewing which is being given under, the adult edu cation as part of its fall program. The class meets at 7:30 p. m. in the Elementary School each Mon day and Wednesday.