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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, April 30, 1903, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1903-04-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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QV$. ff, BBAUL1EU Ptfblisfwr.
White Earth Agency, Minn,
Dan'l B. Henderson, Att'y.
voted to the interests of the
White Earth Reservation and gen
eral Northwestern News, Publish
ed and managed by members of
the Reservation,
Subscription rates: $1,50 per
annum. -For the convenience of
those who may feel unable to pay
for the paper yearly or who wish
to take it on trial, subscription
may be sent us for six and three
months at the yearly rates. AH
sums sent to us should be forward
ed by registered letter to insure
safety. Address all communica
tions to.
100,000 acres of first class farm
lands on White Earth Reservation, in
tracts of 80 acres and more.
For full particulars address THE
200 Bond Building
Washington D. C.
Indian claims against the Unit-
ed StatevS a-speciality.'
Gus H. Beaulieu
Local Representative
White Earth, Minn.
Hotel Leecy.
White Earth, Minn.
The Largest and Host
Commodious Hotel on
the Reservation.
Table always bountifully supplied
with everything that the market
affords, including game and
fish in season.
A large and comfortable, Feed and
Livery stable in connection
with Hotel.
Selam Fairbanks,
Dealer in
Lumbermen Supplies.
Market price paid for Ginsing
Snake Root and Furs.
Orders for pure Maple-Syrup,
and wild rice promptly attended
Cas^SfisKaT[/*1** tanr jCJftys -J&.
tw^^r., ?5,"|*7
In our wsue of M&rteh Ktk, we
had occasion to make sonae ob-,
servations anent the rumor that1
Mr. J. F. House, Supemor of'
Indian Schools, had recommended
the abolition of the Wild Rice and
Pine Point boarding schools.
This era seems to be one of
change, there seems to be that on
the air which seeks transition from
the old to the new, for now rumor
hath it, that a sentiment is rasing
looking to the abolition of non
reservation Indian schools. As
we said regarding Mr. House's
position, so we say now regarding
the rumor concerning the abolish
ment of non-reservation schools,
"we hope it is incorrect."
The betterment of the Indian peo
ple it seemsto us demands education
on broad lines,and methods should
proceed on varient lines. We still
hold to the opinion that schools at
various points within a reservation
are necessary, but it also goes
without saying that institutions
devoted exclusively to thorough
industrial training, and higher ed
ucation in letters and culture
are necessary outside of reserva
The younger children need the
schools that are near their homes,
for many reasons, mainly however
that the transition from home life
should not be sudden and violent.
It should in its course represent
tfce primary grades in the common
school system, and yet be of insti
tutional character and under sur
roundings not entirely unfamiliar.
There the child though severed
from home influences obtains the
foretaste of civilizing influences
and is lead along by steps into a
wider knowledge of arts industrial,
and into regions intellectual and
moral but there comes a time
when the best interest of the young
can most highly be subserved by a
complete severance from reserva
tion environment. Here is the
need of the non-reservation schools.
The young Indian is of an age to
appreciate a higher education and
training. He needs a wider sphere
of action, a large intercourse with
others than of his own tribe and
tongue. If he is to be fitted for
the serious duties of citizenship he
must be given the opportunity to
observe social movements in their
best. Social life in all that it im
plies anywhere, needs influences
from without, and much more can
this be said of the social life of re
servations. The young man and
the young woman, these need to
be sent out where they may have
the opportunity not only to acquire
higher knowledge, but to observe
in other words, to obtain that
practicality which can come only
from wider spheres. This ob
tained, they may return to the re
servation with high ideals, and
create demands for the products of
those industries of which they
have been students. Supply and
demand being equal, prosperity
begins, and little by little the
monotany and squalor of the old
life disappears. But there is an
other side to this question. All
who know anything of existing
things know that just at present,
the young Indian entirely trained
on the reservation does not find
employment suited to his taste and
special training. He has no am
bition^ as a general rule to seek
it elsewhere, and so he remains
for the most part an idle factor in
the social fabric of humanity.
But if he has been given the op
portunity to begin the world's
j uM.", KMJ i yju .1 I.JJ Hill* .LiJ I wynuiM, 'milBl
struggles under competent in
structors and away from demora
lizing influences, he has an equip
ment, equal to society's demand:
he hasjacquired an aplomb and self
reliance which can gained only
by many years of association with
white people. With this, an# a
complete mastery of some trade or'
profession, and possessing that
sentiment which has come gradu
ally, that, "a man's a man for a'
that," he feels that the world ow
ing him a living should proceed to
pay its debt, and, the reservation
failing to provide ^m/n the oppor-i
tunity at plying his craft or prac
ticinghis profession,there are other
localities that can. By all means
give the Indiana the cosmopolitan
ism if he1
wishes it. He is deserving
of it past years of oppression and
ostracism demand it as a just re*
The non-reservation school, and
a school at that of the highest
class is the need of the hour, there
fore we .say to the department
which has charge of the Indian,
hold fast to the non-reservation
school, do not abandon it, but
rather, seek toejevate it.
Sue* is the Home for the Aged
One of the institutions on this
reservation, which seems to have
become a permanent thing, is the
home for the aged Indians of this
The large building on the hill,
formerly used as a school house
and afterwards as the agents office,
but which has been idled for a
number of years, has been through
ly remodeled and converted into a
home, and has ,Jpeen used for
this purpose for over two months
During the severe cold weather
of the past winter many very old
Indian men and women were com
fortably housed there, they thus
escaped the hardships which would
have been their inevitable lot had
they remained in their homes.
The home is under the very ef
ficient management of Miss
Blanche Lyons, who is the matron,
and she is ably assisted by Mrs.
Mary McMartin.
He Was Their Agent Before and They
In a recent communication from
Charles D. Armstrong, an influen
tial and progressive member of
the Wisconsin bands of Chippewa
Indians,tothe publisher of the TO-
MAHAWK, in referance to the fight
now being made against Maj. Scott,
he states that the Indians under Un
charge of the Ashland Indian
Agency, in Wisconsin, have been
contemplating petitioning to the
government for the return of the
Major to that agency, where he
formerly acted as agent, if those
who are trying to secure his re
moval from Leech Lake are suc
This speaks well for the confi
dence and esteem in which Major
Scott is held by the Indians where
ever he has been as Indian agent,
and whatever may be the the out
come of the fight against him now
he will still retain their confidence
and friendship. If he is removed,
however, from Leech Lake, the
Indians there will undoubtedly
feel that the administration has no
use for any Indian agent who tries
to do his duty in the protection of
the interests of the helpless people
under his charge, and these senti
ments will be shared by all the
Indiaas on the several reservations
in this state.
Washington, D.
April, 14, 1908.
To the Editor of the TOMAHAWK:
I was pleased this morning by
the receipt of the initial number of
In mechanical executiom "THK
TOMAHAWK" is -excellent and at
tractive, while its announcements
are expressions of truth, patriot
ism, and of commendable devotion
to the rights and interests of all
American Indians, especially to
those public and private policies,
which ever tend to encourage in
dustrial success and to promote
conditions of the broadest liberty,
peace andBiappiness.
I have given the situation and
treatment of the Indians, much
thought and study, and am not un
familiar with the many greivous
wrongs they have been compelled
to endure. Under the administra
tion of the affairs of tin* Govern
ment, the political status of thoj
Indians has been anomalous, in^
definable, samd peculiar, possessing
the power and disposition to hold!
them, in subjection and subserv-i
ancy yet, in a limited sense, rec
ognizing them as independent. In
other words, treating with them
us sovereigns while reserving and
exercising the right to alter^amend
and even disregard the obligations,
of such solemn Agreements. Com-!
polled to live under such a system
of 'independent dependency,''
with no forum tx* which they could
apiea at will, with an,y assurance
of reliefs or protection in many in
stances, they soon became the
easy prey of designing evil and
greed of evarice: which for years,
through superior intelligence have
deprived them of their holdings,
and encouraged a political policy,
which has, so long oppressed and
wronged them.
In view of these facts of which
history is so replete, I have long
been puzzled to account for the fact,
of why the various Indian Nations
have not sooner awakened to the
power, importance, and necessity
of well conducted newspapers to
keep them posted and advised as
to their true interests and rights
and to boldly defend them.
Many grave questions as to
property rights of the Indians are
still undetermined, which imper
atively demand the intelligent
watchfulness of the press to sound
the alarm of the approach of dan
ger, and no sentinels are worthier
of performing such an important
service than newspapers ably and
faithfully edited and published by
members of the respective tribes.
Entertaining most earnestly the
foregoing views as to the many
flagrant wrongs and injuries to
which the Indians have long been
subjected, I heartily commend the
spirit you exhibit in entering the
field of public journalism as the
publisher of "TUB TOMAHAWK"
devoted to the interest of the Chip
pewa Indians of Minnesota, and
bespeaks for it a career of splendid
The writer of the foregoing is a
prominent attorney of Washing
ton, D.C., and who, until recently,
was for a number of years the at
torney for the Osage Indians. He
is throughly informed regarding
the status of the Indians and for
this reason we are pleased with
his communication, and we hope
that he will in the future be one
of our regular contributors.
The Pioneer Press, which has
always been onev of the fairest
newspapers in the state respecting
the interests the Indians^in re
fering to the 'opposition of the
TOMAHAWK to .the Clapp amend
ments in the Indian appropriation
act of this year, sums up the situa
in this wise.:
The "ToMAnAWK" is the name of a
new tpaper just established at White
Earth Minn., as "the organ of the
Chippewa Indians." It is published
by Gus. H. Beaulieu, well known as an
influential character among hist ribs
men. Its foremost present ambition
would appear to be to "tomahawk"
the Clapp amendmentsftthe Indian
appropriation act, winch provide for
the opening to settlement of the west
ern portion of the Red Lake reservation
The main'objection seems to lie, first,
to the deferred payments for land, al
lowed under the act, and second, to
the requirement that the I ndians shall
grant to 1 he State of Minnesota, for
school purposes, sections IB and'MShv
each township. It is claimed that a
similar provision for deterred pay
ments, in the Nelson law, has resulted
in a failure on the part of the Indians
to receive payment for lands sold eight
years ago,so tluit they are losing annu
ally at least *30,000 on a fund which
should now be yielding tlieinJipcr
cent per annum. As to the donation
of two sec-toons in each township to
the stato. the Indians who oppose ac
ceptance of the amendments cannot
see why they should give to Minnesota
lands valued at between sixty and
seventy-fix thousand dollars, for no]
other apparent consideration than the'
privilege of selling the remainder of
theiandsto the highest bidder. Al
though the provisions of the Clapp
act have seemed to the Pioneer Press
the most liberal of any terms ever yet
offered for the acqusition of Indian
lands in Minnesota, it seems that the
memory of thedeceitsand wrongs prac
ticed undf previous actsparticular
ly in extending the time of deferred
payments regardless of the original
agreement under the Nelson lawis
operating stongfJy to prevent lie ac
ceptance of the Clapp act by the In
dians. Without such acceptance the
lands cannot be opened to settlement*
So may the would-be settlers oi to
day be made to suffer for the misdeeds
ot the whites in other yeco*. Clean,
straightforward justice to the Indi
an from the beginning would liaxe
been a paying poMcy* Means, how
exer, mav be found of so assuring the
Indians that no icpctetion ol previous
wrongs will occur that a majority of
them will ''touch the pen" and ratify
the act..
The Indian Right and Wrong.
&jT"We hold hesc truths to be self1
evident that ALL !N ie created
equal that they are endowed by hoii
Cleator with certain unalienable
rights that among these, aie LIFK,
1'INKSS"- Declaration of Independence
July 4th, 1TTO.
Secretary Hitchcock Approves Setting Aside
200,000 Minnesota Acres.
Washington, IX C, April 23,The
secretary of the interior today ap
proved the plans made by the forester
of the agricultural department under
the Morris act providing for the crea
tion of a forest reservation of 200,000
acres in the Chippewa Indian reserva
tion in Minnesota.
The plans presented set aside cer
tain area in the vicinity of Lake Win
nebegoshish and open to settlement
all the reservation outside the limits
of that area. The timber on the for
est reserve land is to be sold for the
benefit of the Indians.- St, PaUl
Yes! And for this land which,
under the law of 1889, and the
agreement between the United
States and the Chippewas of Min
nesota, the government agreed to
sell for one dollar and twenty five
cents per acre for the benefit of
the Chippewas, not one cent will
be received, and the Indians will
have to bear the burden of the
forestry ^experiments of the gover
nment to the extent of being com
pelled to give up their' lands for
that purpose.
In addition to this, five per cent
of all the pine timber thereon will
be allowed to remain standing,
which will also be a total loss to
the Indians, and aaother compul
sory donation to the government.
Although the Indians are ac
customed to this kind of treatment
at the hands of the government
they are growing uneasy under
a repetition of it, and tltey feel that
it should at least complete giving
them their allotments ibefore open
ing any more of the lands to settle
It is reported that Mr. Gus Nor
by, representative the right of
way agentlof the Sow HaiJroad Com
pany, has informed certain mem
bers of this reservation that the
company has obtained a right of
way through this^reservation from
the government without regard to
the rights of the tribe, or the al
lottees of the lands over which the
railroads will pass, and that they
will receive no compensation for
the same.
This is such an absurd proposi
tion that xxx' very much doubt its
authenticity. The company will not
and cannot ignore the rights of the
allottees any more than it could
the right of -a homesteader outside
of this reservation. If it should
attempt to follow the prevailing
custom of ignoring the rights of
the Indians the latter have their
remedy the *att.e as any other,
The Secretary of the Interior
has no more right to grant a right
of way over the allotment of an
Indian without the latter\s consent
than he would have to grant a
similar right over the homestead
of a citizen outside of a reserva
tion in fact his authority is limit
ed to the approval of any conces
sion that allotees may make to the
railroad companies* It is only in
the event that an allottee and a rail
road company c-annot agree upon
a settlement that the secretary call
appoint referees to make awards*
If the allottee is dissatisfied with
an award he can appeal by peti
tion to the United States district
court in which the land is situated,
and the judgement for damages
rendered by that court shall be
In view of the Act of Congress
of March 2, 1SH0, providing for
rights of way by railroad com
panies through Indian reserva
tions, xve need have no fear that
any railroad company is going to
ignore the rights of the Indians,
for their rights are amply pro
tected by the Act. The notices
which are now being served on the
allottees on this reservation, over
whose allotments the roads are go
ing to be built, are simply in com
pliance with the act referred to,
which provides that this must be
done as a preliminary step towards
securing the right of way over
JUNE 14.
In order to make the necessary
arrangements for the next annual
fourteenth of June celebration
here, everybody is requested to
attend a meeting which will be
held at the White Earth Hall at
2 P. M. and 8 P. M. on the 30th
of this month for that purpose.
Conditions are such that an effort
should be made to make the com
ing anniversary celebration one of
the largest that has ever been held.

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