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ii i re Page Tbe TOMAHAWK.. flUS. .11. EAUL1EU Publisher. White Earth Agency, Mtafi. 2^A WEEKLY NEWSPAP ER de moted t 1^ interest* of the Wb.&e Eart\i JtegeawatiQfl and gen-. era Jsorthvester.n ]&\\vs. Publish ec\ and managed by members of| tfche Reservation,. jSiabscript&an rates: $1.50 per' fcrmunGi. For the convenience of akMe who way -feel unable to pay for tfee ,pape yearly or who wish (to take it on trial, subscription! ttoay be sent us for six and ,three' months at the yearly .rates. All sums sent to us shwriUl !be forward ed by registered lector to insure safety. AtVilress all aomnaunica tiojsvs tfcft. TJIE TOMAHAWK K- S. JVHiRCHlSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW- LATE LAW CLERK, LAND DIVISION, INDIAN OFFICE. DEPARTMENT PRACTICE A SPECIALTY- LOAN AND TRUST BLD'G. WASHINGTON D. C. Hotel Leecy. White Earth, Minn. The Largest and flost Commodious Hotel on the Reservation. Table always bountifully supplied with everything that the market affords, including game and fish in season. A large and comfortable, Feed and Livery stable in connection with Hotel. JOHN LEECY NWMWM WHBBK E&RirH, MINN. RESERVATION LANDS LEASE 100000 .acres of "first -class farm lands on White Earth 'Reservation, in fckatsiGtf 80 averes .and more. Yor Mil particulars address Tim TOMAHAWK. INDIAN PROTECTIVE Association 200 Bond BiMltfiaf Washington JX. Danl S. Henderson, Att'y. Indian claims against the Unit- ed States a speciality. Prop. Selam Fairbanks, Dealer in DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE and Lumbermen Supplies. Market price paid for Ginsing Snake Root and Furs. Orders for pure Maple-Syrup, and wild rice promptly attended to. BEAULTEU MINX. Subscribe for the TOMAHAWK, $1.50 per year. THE OJIBWAS. Their Custom and Traditions, AS HANDED DOWN fOB CENTURIES f.RDUl FATHER Tt) SJ)R. WAY-NAH-&OZHQ, 'His Origin, Birth and Life. BY TirEO. H. Ita&uiiKU. When Way-nah-bozho awoke from his peaceful slumbers, he re freshed 'KiraseJLf with a hearty breakfast, and t'hen he caused a wind to blow from the North in the direction of the Indian village from whence his grandmother andj her .daughter (his mother) .had come,, an he .-said, "XokoEwiis, I am going to send fire *to all .my| relatives who live in the .country where you .and my naaotkex cam from." Xokojaais 3-iacl aseirea- told Way nah-bozho f his origin, and she was continually in dread lest he. would seek to know more .oif his ancestors, and whenever he sipokel of tfke village, etc., .she would be come very mauch alarmed- One day it was decided to vc t the outlet of a big lake, and when they had selected a convenient lo cation, Way-nah-bozho instructed Xoifcognris to go and prepare polesj and birch Lark with which to build wigwam. Whem lihe wig wam was completed and they had] moved and got settled down, Way nah-bozho arranged to go on aj beaver hunt there were a great, many beavers in those days, and so it was not long before he had, secured a good supply, which were brought home to the wigwam. Xokomis was instructed how to prepare the pelts and make them into nice comfortable blankets, such as the Indians used before, the white man came into the country. XOKOMIS' NARRATIVE. One day when Way-nah-bozho had enjoyed the pleasure of a hearty meal of beaver tail, and lay in comfort on his couch of skins and boughs, he asked Xokomis to relate the history of his ancestors, his father and mother, etc. Xo komis endeavored to evade answer ing his questions, but Way-nah bozho seemed so determined to know that she finally answered him in this wise: "Your mother was a very beautiful girl who had many suitors, but the chief of the tribe desired that the youngest of his three sons should marry her. I opposed this marriage because the young man was indolent, lazy and good for nothing. The chief sent four requests for the hand of my daughter, (your mother) but 1 firmly refused to listen to his prop osition. When he found that I would not consent to my daugh ter's marriage with his son he called in one of his counsellors and after a private conference the lat ter advised the chief to cause me to be assassinated, that by doing this the only obstacle to his son's marriage with my daughter, would be removed. A friend of mine overheard this plot and im mediately informed me of it. That day I prepared for a journey, and left the village with your mother at night, and after a weary jour ney of many days we camped by the lake where you were born. When the chief heard of our flight he was terribly enraged,and forth- in ii miii I T~i^Mfc^^iMiiiMitiAiiMM^ii tus Xokomis knew slie had been telling a falsehood, but she wasi afraid that if s5ae related the truth- fuJ history of Way-nah-bozho's birth, the sad abduction of his mother and of her being borne to her far away Island home, etc., he' would get injured if he endeavor ed to fight the .spirits who had caused all this to come alnnit and which had left him an orphan in the world. ADVENTURE WITH THE WHALE. After the conclusion of Xoko mis' narrative, Way-nah-bozho pondered long and silently. Fi nally he requested Xokomis to go and prepare him a Goo-sah-kahn, as he wished to invoke the spirits to give him information and power as to where he would find and de stroy the Me-she-nah-may-gway. After he had completed the service of that solemn occasion he came out and informed Xokomis of his purpose and to prepare him for his journey. Said he, "I will be gone four days on the war-path on the fourth day, if all goes well with me I will be on the shore of that bay where the winds cease to breathe. You will know this by the skies, which will appear red and smiling, and should 1 have trouble and not reach there the skies will be very dark and clou dy, He then painted his face black and bidding Xokomis an affectionate adieu, he embarked into his canoe and started in search of the Me-she-nah-may- gway. After wandering about for two or three days, he conclud ed, as the spirits had told him, that he was near where the whale lived, and,as he had been instruct ed, commenced to sing "Me-she- nah-may-gway, hay, hay, be nah we co she shin," (whale, oh cot^o and swallow me). Mo-she-nal may-gway heard this singing and it annoyed him very much. He said that Way-nah-bozho was 'too filthy' for him to swallow, so he directed a large pickerel to go and swallow the filthy mor sel. When the pickerel appeared to Way-nah-bozho he was hailed by the latter with,"Ish nee cheem, keen e-nahf" (my little brother, is it youO meaning the whale, but ^^^.$. fr-ati&ghg *MJSrttfaB^ajS-** 'a..B8Ll8a. ...r^kafaEjfc $t& ^^^^f^^^iff,^?^ ^i^^p ^mp ptfp TJPW?*flg^W, |RPM, ^^4^yywMfv^}^^^^fh^ '^fm^KuhK ^H\#f$ti*$$%WWM&W& $ "Tttith bete!*i Favor*" VOL, I, WUm BUSTA, BACKER CPUNTV, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, MA 21, 1903, NO. 7, with dispatched runners in all di rections to endeavpr to overtake and'bring back to the village, the chief himself joining in the pursuit. This .pursuit was kept up! for four days,whe- chief order ed a halt to council ith his Ge-j sah-ke-we-neina (magician), but' the spirits, who favored our flight,, refused to give them any informa tion as to our wherdbouts. We, had lived.on the shore of the lakej for many moons, when, one night, I was warned in a dream not to allow your mother "to stand on her feet for seven 'days, and to face the wind during that time." This! was fiwwng the 'blueberry season,) and 1 guarded her very closely af ter that in (order *that she would} not stand up. 'One day, (however,i while we were picking blueberries, 1 had occasion to .leave her for a short time. Duringmy absence she espied a large bunch of blueber ries in a marsh along the Wlge of which she was picking berries, and, it being too wet, to crawl towards them, she thought there would ho no harm in walking to the berries, but the moment s"he stood rrp, the Xortik wind, who had 'been lurking in the vicinity,came and 'embraced her. When this had occured she fell prostrated on the ground, I ran to her, 'and when she again opened her eyies, she as well as myself, knew that she had conceived. And after were born, she went down into the clear water of the lake to bathe and was there at tacked and swallowed up by the Me-she-nah-may-gway (whale).'' 52H!! the answer he received was, "Xo, 1 am only a pickoral, and came to obey the command of Me-she-nah may-gway who got tired of your song." When Way-nah-bozho heard this'he become very angry and said to the-pickerel, "Go back, you are not the one who killed my mother." The pickerel returned and related to the whale what Waynahbozho had said. This pro voked Me-she-nah-may-gway and as the taunting song of the for mer kept ringing in his ear, he determine to go himself and make a meal out of the 'filthy' intruder. Me-shenah-ma.\Nqway\s father re monstrated against his resolution,! by saying that Waynahbozho" coming amongst fhcjii with his in vitation to be "shallowed up," etc., boded no good, and it were 'best to leave him alone. But Me-she nah-may-qway was in sttch a rage he would listen to no further ar gument but went forthwith and swallowed Way-nah-bflzho, cano and all! When the whale had swallowed Waynahbozho he frit very sick and he, soon became insensible. And when he had revived a little,, [he felt that he mirst have sallow ed all the disagreeable thiftgs in the world. He also heard Way nah-bo-zho soliloquizing to him self in thiis wise: "Verily, verily it is -a fact that 1 have been swal lowedfool, he shall now suffer for having swallowed my mother, and making me an orphan." Then Way-nah-bo-zho commenced to take witr his -surroundings and the first tlrttng foe .saw was a wea sel. Who, like himself, had been swallowed by the whale then his eyes rested on a large object above him which seemed to keep up a constant, fluttering motion. As \Vay-nah-bo*zho could no*, reach up and being anxious to know more of his surrounding,, he in quired of the weasel what the ob ject was, and the weasel informed him that was Me-she-nah-ma.v- gway's heart. At this intelligence, Way-nah-bo-zho was a11 i pleased, tho' he thought the whale was xery foolish to keep his heart in such an exposed position in thai portion, of his internal menagerie. Then Way-nah-bo-zho addressing the weasel, said: "We must stroy Me-she-nalvmay-q\va.V or we, ourselves, will both die. If you will M up there and Hglit his heart, and help me destroy him 1 will reward yon by making you white in winter and brown in summer so that you can better avoid your enemies, I will also show yon where to strike your enemy so that you can always draw his heart's blood*" The weasel, nothing loth, attacked Me-she-nalrmay-|vay'.M heart vig orously, The latter commenced, at once to complain of being sick at the stomach, and he attributed the disorder to indigestion caused by the the 'unsavory mess' he had lately swallowed. (To E CONTINUED.) THE LEGALIZED THEFT. According to the twin city press Commissioner Richards of general land office has announced, since his return to Washington from this state, that the selections of Jand on the Chippewa reservations CrTor forestry purposes have been pproved, and that the agricultural lands will also be opened to settle ment without further delay. This action is the final stroke which takes from the Indians two hund red and twenty five thousand acres of land and five per cent of the pine timber thereon without due compensation therefor. Besides being a shameless act of injustice, the taking of these lands by an act of Congress is a violation of treaty obligations on the part of the United States and nothing short of a legalized theft. During the negotiations of the Xelson Act between the repre sentatives of the government and the Indians, the former repeated lay assured the latter that they would receive pay for every acre of land that they would cede to the government under the act,and the report of the council proceed ings show this conclusively. Xot being satisfied with taking the lands refered to from the In dians, the commissioner of the general land office now proposes to open the balance of the reserva tion lands to settlement regardless of the fact that several hundred Indians who are entitled to allot ments on the reservations at Leech, Cass and Winnebegosish lakes have not yet secure their allot ments. Those who have received allotments, except in a few cases, have not made selections for them seilvos or their minor children as provided by law, but these allot ments have been selected for them by government allotting agents, in a great many instances in swamps and other worthless lands. The time for trying to enforce treaty rights by going on the war path has passed, and the only way for our brethern who are'entitled to allotments on the reservations named, and who have not received them according to law, is to invoke the courts to compel the officials of the government to fullfil the laws. The Indian Might and Wrong. T"W hold these truths to be self evident: that ALL MEN are created equal that they are endowed by their ('realor with certain unalienable rights: that among these, sire LIKE, LIIlElm, AND THE I'll USD IT OK IIAI' I'INKSS" Decliiriitionol Independence .July 4th, J77(i. THE INDIAN QUESTION. The "Indian question" seems to be likely to settle itself in a nor mal vvsiy, according to Hie bread and butter Jsivv, after all. Now that the negro problem has come tolhc front of discussion the red man hits si chance to show what he can do when left to work out his own passage to civ ilizal ion with out wo much advice. The other day, on an Intertir ban eai\ an Indism with all the evidences of his race in Ins counte nance, but dressed in the conven tional business suit and derby hat of the White man WiH seated very quietly. He was taking views of trolley lines and their occupants with the same air of interest in worldly affairs that other civilized persons do. Xo reversion to the wilderness type wsH apparent in his dress or manner. Had he been in Kurope he Would have been an indistinguished part of the motley crowd of races that are assimila ting European civilization smd would not have aroiKed a remark but here an Indian on a street car is still a little of a curiosity. This relation ought to pstss and will soon. The Indisin develops too much business sense, when he tsikes to business at all, to be re garded sis out of the reckoning of American business and industrial life. It will be industrial life that must first absorb the Indian, and that, preferably, in small plsices. There is little doubt that the In dian is still a good ways behind the white man in the race, but the results of Indian education are proving that he is gaining and anxious to gsiin even faster. He can do better things than to make MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. baskets and bead-work and draw reservation allowances and it is his right to be taught to his full est powers instead of to his second rate ones. W have made profit out of the Indian in the wrong way for both parties. In Monday's news from the northwest were two items that show that the Indian will work and that he will look out for him self in a business way. From the agent of the Grand Portage re servation comes the report that the Indians of his section have" earned by their work as labors iii in mines smd the woods $10,00(j which has been distributed among them by the government. In South Dakota the Hosebud reser vation Indians will meet this week to decide upon the question of'mak ing more money out of the surplus1 lands of the reservsition which have been granted to the cattle men. From this and from other cooperative signs of the times it is plain that the Indian will not much longer remain -outside of the in fluences of trade smd contact with business that form such educating: powers to the rest of us. Instead of being a ward of the nation he will, by his own initiative, and the right help, 'become an individual of the nation. W make rlle^VOsi of the Indian problem ourselvoM now. Minneapolis Times. AGENCY NEWS, WORK FOH ALL. -Agent Miclic* let lisis been keeping a l'oiceot reser vsition young men busily engaged for sevcr.il week past nisi king umc nufc'li needed improvements in the villsigei brush which obstructed the view'of some of the principal government buildings has been cut and removed-, and new fences and sidewalks have re* placed Ihe old ones. Tn sCddifidn fft^ these improvements it is the Agent's intention to extend the sidewalks the Csitliol'ic smd P]pi.scopal cJiurclicsy and to listvc sticct lumps put in fiom the villiij to 1 he hoarding school. The Agenl silso ssi.vs tliat he intends to limiish cmplovincnt to sill the In* diiins who niiiy wish Inwoik next month rf'psiiiing the losids on this ie^* ervat ion. We trust llisil Ihe Agent will keep on with tlie good woik.smd as making iinpiou'ineiils seems to be bfs hobb.V judging Iroin his woik dining the ptist' year, we sue sure thsil he will keep \t up it he hsis the means placed in hi* Minn's to do so-. A TEST CASE.- Mrs.Louisa L.v weft' iccentl.v mflde sin applical ion to Chip pewsilt'oininissionei Halt loi suiaddi 1 innal ei'ghlv si ie tuiet ol land sis an allotment under the improvement (Isiuseol Hie (resit ol l,w(7, .i bel ween the Mississippi hands 'i\m\ the Toiled St sit es. but this sipplieution usls re jected b\ Mi. Hall on the grounds thill he lisUl beeli dhciled h\ tlie sec* letdl ol 1 he intei ioi to cease allot! ing kinds to lie Chippewsls. Mis. L.vnch's applic.it ion wsis made loi the expiesS pin pose 01 placing on iccoid her claim with the \iewol commencing si suit in the Tinted States ('limit Court to establish her right to the allotment-. The questions involved in hei case sue of so much importance to esich mem hei of the Mississippi bands on this leservation that wo trust she will re ceive Unsmeial assist si nee in piUsecut ing her claim from all of them, for a decision in her Juvoi will result in the allotment of eighty acres moie to each member of the bands. "The Tomahawk," T4, TKIAt* Subscriptions. months months 40 Cent* 75 Cents The TOMAHAWK will be mailed? to any address in the United States," Canada, Cuba and the Philipines.