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"**&- ft I Itebs*-*",,. $^|JHf**feK&, ligJB^^?^'^.'^^" '""tfja"''1 The TOMAHAWK, QU5. H. BEAUUEU THE TOMAHAWK WHITE EARTH, MINN. RESERVATION LANDS TO LEASE 100,000 acres of first class farm lands on White Earth Reservation, in tracts of 80 acres and more, by ALLOTTEES. INDIAN PROTECTIVE Association 200 Bond Building Washington D. C. Dan'l B. Henderson, Att'y. Indian claims against the Unit- ed States a speciality. a"ZX2 Publisher. White Earth Agency, Minn. d*TA WEEKLY NEWSPAPER de voted to the interests of the White Earth Reservation and gen eral Northwestern News. Publish ed and managed by members of the Reservation. Subscription rates: $1.50 per annum. For the convenience of those who may feel unable to pay for the paper yearly or who wish to take it on trial, subscription may be sent us for six and three months at the yearly rates. All sums sent to us should be forward ed by registered letter to insure safety. Address all communica tions to. j*$j?*tl*r*- K. S. MURCIUSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW. LATE LAW CLERK, -LAND DIVISION, INDIAN OFFICE. DEPARTMENT PRACTICE A SPECIALTY. LOAN AND TRUST BLD'G. WASHINGTON D. C. Hotel Leecy. White Earth, Minn. The Largest and Host Commodious Hotel on the Reservation. Table always bountifully supplied with everything that the market affords, including game and fish in season. A large and eqmfortable,Feed and Livery stable in connection with Hotel. JOHN LEECY Prop- Selam Fairbanks, Dealer in DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE and Lumbermen Supplies. Market price paid for Ginsing Snake Boot and Furs. Orders for pure Maple-Syrup, and wild rice promptly attended to. BEAULJEU MINN. "t he Tomahawk ATRIAL 8 months ti mouthy Subscriptions. 40 Cents ToCenta THE OJIBWAS. Their Customs and Traditions. AS HANDED DOWN FOR CENTURIES FROM FATHER TO SON. WAY-NAH-BOZHO. His Origin, Birth and Life. After Way-nah-bozho had re turned to No-ko-mis, and had re freshed himself with the soothing comforts of sleep and food, he re lated to her the incidentsvattend ant on his journey and of the au thority and power vested in him by the All-wise as 'lord and mas ter of the Earth/ He concluded by informing No-ko-mis of his in tention of making an extended tour of his realms, which would occupy about two years. When No-ko-mis learned this she was much grieved, said she: "My child, the land which you intend to visit is festcd by evil spirits, principally the followers of Win de-go (canibals), which are very, numerous, powerful and ferocious. And no one who has ever got within their power has ever been known to return. They first charm their victims by the sweet ness 'of their songs, when they strangle and devour them. But your principal enemy will be the 'great gambler' (Destiny sphinx), who has never been beat en, and who lives beyond the realms of Nc-bah-kee-zis (Sleep ing-sunland of darkness), and near the shores of the Happy hunting-ground. I would be seech you therefore, not to under take so dangerous a journey." With the increasing laurels of conquest, Way-nah-bozho felt that he was a 'big brave,' and as such should know no fear, and No-ko-mis' words of warning were unheeded. And after hav ing made all necessary prepara tions he bid No-ko-mis good-bye and started on his journey. He followed the trail which led to the realms of Ne-bah-kee-zis, where all was shrouded in total darkness. Here he stopped and meditated as to what was best to be done, he consulted with the different birds, animals and freendly spirits, and it was finally decided that Ko-ko co-hoo, the Owl, would lend him his eyes, and that Way-wah-tay see-wug (fire-fly) should also ac company him. They were soon on their way through the realms of Ne-bah-kee-zis. All around was inky darkness, and Way-nah bozho, in spite of his great owl eyes could discern nothing for some time but the flitting of Way- wah-tay-see-wug. For the first time in his life he experienced the chilly breath of fear, and wished that he had listened to the counsel of No-ko-mis. But just then a voice whispered in his ear, say ing: "I am with youthe brave' should never fear!" this his fears were dispelled he bojdly walked on. 'big At and The path which Way-nah-bozho was traveling led him through swamps, over high mountains and by yawning chasms, sometimes the very verge of some awful precipice and then again near the thundering, roaring and madening rush of some furious stream or cataract from pit and chasm he saw the hideous stare of a thou sand gleaming eyes he heard the groans, the hisses and yells of countless fiends, gloating over their many victimsthe victims of sin and shameI Then Way-nah- Defective Page i "Truth before Favor." =G VOL. 1, WHITE EARTH, BECKER COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1903. NO. 17. bozho knew that this, was the place where the 'Great Gambler' consigned the spirits of his many victims, and he vowed that if ever destroyed the '(rambler' he would liberate the victims who were being tortured them. At last all noises i 'ually ceas ed, darkness disappeared, and it was again sunlight. Way-nah boozho put off his 'owl eyes' and bid Way-wah-tay-see-wug to re turn from whence they had come. Heathen proceeded to a high emi nence where he looked about for the wigwam of the 'Gambler,' and he saw in the distance a largo wigwam, thither he hastened his footsteps. When he again looked for the wigwam he disovered that he was very near it, he also saw that there were numerous other trails coming from different di ections but all leading toward the wigwam. This Avigwam pre sented a ghastly and hideous ap pearance, it being completely cov ered with human scalps, with the ears appending to there. ADVENTUKK-WITII THK GAMBLER.' Way-nah-boozho approached the entrance of this ghastly abode and raising the mat of scalps, which served for a door, found himself in the presence of the 'Gambler.' This being was a curious looking object, and seemed almost round in shape, and Way-nah-boozho thought he could not be a very dexterous gambler who would let himself be beaten by the being who was then grinning at him. Finally the 'Gambler' spoke and said: "So Way-nah-boozho, you too,have come to try your luck* And you think I'm not a very ex pert gambler?'1* And he grinned and chuckjed-a horrible mraglm|rt^ of scorn and ridjcule. Reaching! for l\is war-clud he continued, 'all those hands you see hanging around this wigwam are the hands of your relatives who came here to gamble, they thought as you are thinking, they played and lost, and their life was the forfeit. I seek no one to come and gamble with me but they that would gam ble, seek me, and whoever enters my lodge must gamble. Remem her there is but one forfeit I de mand of those who gamble with me and lose, and that forfeit is life! I keep the scalps, ears and hands, the rest of th,e body 1 gi\ to my friends the "^"ain-de-go and their spirits 1 consign to Nee-bah kee-zis. I have spoken. Now we will play." At the conclusion of this speech, Way-nah-bozhoo laughed long and heartily. This was unusual for those who came there to gamble, and the 'Gam bler' felt very uneasy at the stolid indifference of his guest. "How,"said the 'Gambler' tak ing the bah-gay-say o-nah-gun (Indian dice dish, or dish of for tune) "here are four figures (the four ages of man), which I will shake in the dish four times, if they assume a standing position eack time, then am 1 the winner, and should they fall, then am I the loser." Again Way-nah-boozho laughed a meery laugh, saying: "Very well, I will play, but it is customery for the party who is challenged to play any game to have the last play," and the gam bler consented to do this, taking up the dish he stuck it a sharp, quck blow, on a spot prepared for the purpose, on the ground, and the figures immediately assumed a standing position. This was re peated three times, and each time the figures stood erect in the dish. But one chance remained, npon which depended Way-nah-bozho\s destinylifethe salvation of his people, but he was not frightened, and when the gambler prepared to make the finaj jshake Way-nah- yis$gjLst?r TOMAHAWK. boozho drew nearer, and when the dish came down on the ground he he made a whistle-wind, as in sur prise, and the figures fell. Way nah-boozho then seized the dish, saying: "It is now my turn,should I win you must die." The Indian Kight and Wrong. ^"We hold these truths to be self evident that ALL MEN are created equal that they aie endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights that among these, are LIFE, LIHEJBTY, AND THE PUltSUIT OF HAP PINESS*'Declaration of Independence July 4th, Hits. BISHOP SHANLEY'S WORDS. Deems the Dead Pope the Greatest Pontiff of Mordern Times. Fargo, N. D., Special, .July 20. Bishop Shanley of the city of Faigo was asked for an expression on the late pope and gave the following: 'The universal sorrow at the death ol Leo XIII, is the world's verdict of his greatness and goodness. For a quar ter of a century the cynosure of all men, his every act made a matter of public comment, now that his mortal sell hath put on immoitality the human race declares with one accord that all destinies 'did sit to knit in him their best perfect ions.' "Well may 1 he church grieve. She has lost the greatest pontiff of mordern times. Ahgieat a pope as Leo may Jigain arise. Greater than Leo we cannot hope for." RUSSIAN PROVERBS. The heart has ears. In a still pool swarm devils. Honor is better than wealth. God waits long, but hits hard, a to'God, but row "to" sHore. Modesty is a maiden's necklace. An old crow croaks not for noth ing. Poverty is not sinbut twice as bad. A bad peace is better than a good quarrel. An untimely guest is worse than a Tarter. Calumny is like a coal if it does not burn, it will soil. OFF A CLOTHES LINE. A Thing That Happens Not Often on the Premises of Mr. Louzon. In the good and lionest town of White Karth, something awful happened last Monday night. A lady, the better-half of John B. Louzon, after a hard day's work hung her washing out for the night to dry. In the morning, Mr. Louzon discovered that all the sheets and' pillow cases were taken away during the night by some unknown person, and when the night came poor Mr. John Baptiste had to be laid to bed without the clean ones. Never theless, he says, the person who needs them more than him may come for some more, and also thanks the rascal who did it. He says this is the first time he ever recollects of such an happening, and he has lived here for the last thirty years. To cap the climax of his surprise, on Wednesday, some time during the night while he was watching his clothes line, someone stole into his chicken coop from where were taken two registered chicken, he had only five of these thorough bred fowl, hence his loss is much to him. He is going to catch the thief for he does not stay very far off, he lives in Backer County and he is already \ery well known, DOINGS AT DISTICT COURT, Court Convenes at Ada. Dismissal of the Alfred Warren Murder Case. The grand jury completed its labors last Thursday, and as a result of their labors they found live indictments. Among the number was an indictment against Pete Perrault for the murder of Alfred Warren at Ada on July 4th. The trial of Perrault for this crime was commenced Monday morning, but aftei examining several witnessespro and conwe understand the county attorney moved to quash the indict ment and dismiss the case, and it was so ordered.The Twin Valley Times. Unfaithfulness is a and affair. Must we hamper a man in the shape of a chapter or so of soulless and shameless doing? bear the -hisses and yells of people? Dare we to do right and do it well? Or is it nobler to car ry a conscience in sorrow and sad ness for the things we ought to have done and did not do^ In the issue of the TOMAHAWK dated July Dth, 1J103, we took oc casion to recite the story of the killing of Alfred Warren in which we cited the sentiment of the people and Agent Michelet's promises to make strenuous steps looking to a searching investiga tion of that most heinous crime ever committed in this part of the state. The sentiment is much stronger now than it ever was and the cry of the people for justice is long and loud, and woidd venture to say before many moons have come and gone we will hear of another fearful murder and then only to be left to the mercy of a "thorough and searching investi gation." There is no doubt there are some party or parties who have been instrumental for the disaster oils end of the trial, and will not be very long before it will be sounded to the public and be known in general who these par ties are. The indifference ex hibited on the part of the county attorney, was clearly apparent, when, after the examination of Star Bad Boy and Alex McKenzie, he flatly refused to continue the examination of the main and eye witnesses of the case, on ground that "ii all the witnesses are going to speak wrongfully of what they know, it was useless to continue trie case." his Or the Why did he not examine all the witnesses, and let the trial come out, what it may. We do not mean to say that the defendants arc guilty, but should this have been done most likely the guilty party would have been found. The court ordered, the way the testimony has gone so far the county attorney was justified in his motion for dismissal. It is said there was never a coroner's inquest after the death of Alfred Warren. Some one committed this erime and who is it? Another man whom the world should have discarded has escaped, and is to remain with us, but in his own heart without hope, without profit for his better toil, without comfort in his soli tude, without honor, without re spect and without liberty. Yes, a ferocious and dangerous mem ber among us. The TOMAHAWK will bo mailed to any address in the United States, Canada, Cuba and theJPhilipInes. wawwawpw MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. -SH* i ADDITIONAL LOCALS, Remember! The dance! Fresh fruit at M, LaChapelle's, Steven Caswell and family were in town Monday. Joseph Bellanger of Fish Lake was in town yesterday. Chief Mesh-ke-ge-shig of Beau lieu arrived here to-day, Judge Campbell returned today from Detroit after an outing of a few days, Peter Parker, the efficient night watch for the boarding school, is taking his vacation, Once more we call your atten tion to the dance to be given at the hall to-morrow evening. Sam Smith is now acting en gineer for the boarding school, and is giving satisfactory service. Mr. Jacob Dugan and party were out fishing this afternoon and brought home a pail full of raspberries. Misses Peacock, (-ioo.se, Crams and Crowe accompanied by Messrs Fox, Wolfe, Bear and Hogg were among the picnicers at Sugar-bush Lake, Sunnday, (ius. J. Norby, ex-sheriff of Becker County, and Mr. Flack of Minneapolis were guests of B. L. Fairbanks Sunday, and spend the afternoon at the lake. DENTISTRYFor first class dentistry, call on Dr. R. H. Phalon. Teeth extracted without pain. Crown and Bridge work a special ty. Office over First State*,,j Bank, Detroit, Minn. 1 =5' x* I will lease a tract of hay lanij from which To tons of hay can bo secured at a rate of 50 cents per ton. It is near and handy to town market. William Knickerbocker. Albert Wakefield, an assistant in the Caswell Blacksmith-shop, is learning the trade rapidly, lift can do some creditable work and shoes horses almost as-good as Louis can. The -boarding school buildings are now getting their annual coat of paint. The rooms are being thoroughly renovated, especially are the dormatorics much improv ed. Harold Emerson, Peter Riley and Joseph Bcaulieu returned from the Flandreau school last evening. The boys are all ball players and have just completed a schedule of games down the middle southern states. Mr. Emerson has won a good reputation as a pitcher, in fact it is known all the boys play fast ball. WHY? THE TOMAHAWK is always late. The publisher and editor has been away for over a month. We publish articles properly signed by the contridutor. The odds and ends of writing is left to the mercy of the poor printers. White Karth is so dead it hard work to write up a column or two. We have no one to watch u how much we work, so we slackf slack and kill time until it is too late to have the issue on time. On Thursday, July 30th 1903, the TOMAHAWK will be ready for our readers at five minutes after i o'clock of that afternoon.