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ADOPTION OF WILSON'S OUTLINE
AS DECLARATION OF PRINCL
PLES COMES WITH ORGANI-
ZATION OF LABOR HOST.
MAKES EFFECTIVE ANSWER
TO PEOPLE'S COUNCIL
American Alliance for Labor and De
mocracy Becomes Permanent Fac
tor When Country's War Aims
as Stated by President Wilson
Are Made Its Sacred Creed.
Minneapolis, Sept. 7.War aims of
the United States, as stated by Presi
dent Wilson, was made the sacred
creed of the American Alliance for
Labor and Democracy.
The adoption of those aims as the
declaration of principles, came when
the Alliance was made a permanent
organization at a history making ses
The so-called People's Council had
been crying for an expression of Amer
ica's war aims. As an effective answer
to that cryunwarranted though it
may bethe conference of labor rep
resentatives and real Socialists re
stated the things which the country
is fighting for, pointing out that the
President has repeatedly stated them
"with singular lucidity and precision."
"We affirm that the aims and pur
poses of this nation have been stated
with sufficient clearness and definite
ness to satisfy every honest mind, and
that it is our profound conviction that
the purposes for which we are to
serve and sacrifice are the great pur
poses of international democracy.
War Aims and Creed.
These then are the war aims of the
United States, says the Alliance for
Labor and Democracy, as culled from
President Wilson's state papersthe
war message, the note to Russia and
the reply to the Pope:
Recognition of the rights and liber
ties of small nations.
Recognition of the principle that
government derives its just power
from the consent of the governed.
Reparations for wrongs done and
the erection of adequate safeguards to
prevent their being committed again.
No indemnities except as payment
for manifest wrongs.
No-people to be forced under a sov
ereignty under which it does not wish
No territory to change hands ex
cept for the purpose of securing
those who inhabit it a fair chance of
life and liberty.
No readjustments of power except
as will tend to secure the future
peace of the world and the future wel
fare and happiness of its peoples.
A genuine and practical co-operation
of the free peoples of the world in
some common covenant that will com
bine their forces to secure peace and
Justice in the dealings of nations with
NORTH DAKOTA JURIST
FLAYS DISLOYAL ELEMENT
Arouses Enthusiasm by Speech De
livered at Dinner Given by
American Bar Association.
Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Sept. 7.
Elihu Root was the guest of honor at
a dinner given by the American Bar
Chief Justice Andrew A. Bruce, of
the supreme court of North Dakota,
one of the speakers, aroused enthus
iasm when he said:
"I speak from the viewpoint of the
foreign born. I and millions of others
like me, came to "this country alone
without money and friends. We
Bponged on all that America had, her
free lands, her free schools and above
all her spirit of open-hearted com
radeship. She owed us nothing but
Bhe gave us all. We swore allegiance
to her flag, her Constitution and her
laws. We would be recreants, in
grates, perjurers and curs if in the
hour of her need we counselled with
her enemies and were disloyal to her
cause." RUSSIAN GRAND DUKES
HELD FOR CONSPIRACY
Brother of Deposed Czar and Wife
Charged With Counter-Revolution-
ary Plot, Is Report.
Petrograd, Sept. 5. Grand Duke
Michaelis Alexandrovitch, brother of
the former emperor, and his wife have
been placed under arrest in connection
with the counter-revolutionary plot re
cently unearthed. According to the
Den, Grand Duke Dmitri-Paulivitch
also has been arrested.
Berlin Celebrates Riga Victory.
Berlin, Sept. 6.Berlin took a holi
day to celebrate the fall of Riga. The
whole city was ablaze,with flags, mot
toes and pictures. All schools were
closed and the people on the streets
Jubliated in the victory. The scenes
were reminiscent of earlier days of
the war, when Berlin was celebrating
Hindenburg's victories against the
Russians. Merchants of Hamburg and
Bremen telegraphed the kaiser assur
ing their loyalty and their determina
tion to hold out "repulsing all foreign
interference in Germany's affairs."
RETAILERS TO BE WATCHED
"FOOD REPORTERS" TO KEEP
HOOVER POSTED ON PRICES.
Effort to Be Made by Food Administra
tion to Keep Prices to Consumers
Down to Reasonable Level.
Washington, Sept. 7.Food commis
sioner Herbert Hoover has struck his
first smashing blow at exorbitant re
tail prices. He enlisted an army of
housewives to watch prices in every
community of 3,000 population and
over. They will report to him by mail
weekly. On the basis of these re
ports and aided by public opinion
Hoover will lash profiteering retailers
to the mast and hammer prices down
to reasonable levels.
The plan has been put into effect
throughout the country. In a letter
addressed to the president of every na
tional bank, Comptroller of the Cur
rency John Skelton Williams asked
the appointment of a "food reporter"
from the staff of each bank or from
among the women in the homes of the
"Hoover desires," said the letter,
"to find correspondents in each place
who will inform themselves at the end
of each week the prices being charged
by retail grocers and food, dealers for
the 30 articles named."
This plan is announced on the heels
of a report by Governor Edge of New
Jersey, following a state-wide investi
gation, that retail dealers handling
New Jersey products in New York
city have "made from 90 to 900 per
cent profit, whereas the producer and
middleman got a very small margin.
ITALIANS STILL FIGHTING
FOR SAN GABRIELE PEAK
Have Taken Summit Several Times
Only to be Thrown Back But Are
London, Sept. 7.Italian troops
fighting stubbornly for Monte San
Gabriele on the Isonzo front have sev
eral times captured the summit, only
to be thrown back again, according
to telegrams from Austrian head
quarters, says the Central News Am
sterdam correspondent. The Italians
are continuing their attack upon the
The struggle ia a terrific one, the
Italians sticking stubbornly to the
offensive and making repeated attacks
in mass formation. When the Austri
ans finally regained possession of the
mountain, the Austrian reports state,
a brief respite was given them, but
the Italians soon resumed the attack
launching six attacks in succession.
On the Carso plateau sotttb of the
Brestovizzza valley, where Bavarian
troops, appealed for by the Austrians,
doubtless have re-inforced the Aus
trian line, counter attacks of great
strength have been thrown, but un
successfully against the Italian front.
Italian airmen have effectively bom
barded Hermada heights, the key to
Trieste, which is in the hands of the
W. W. EDITOR HELD FOR
MILITARY LAW BflEACH
Said to Have Published Article in
Swedish Language Declaring Sol
diers Are Millionaires' Tools.
Minneapolis, Sept. 6.Carl Ahlteen,
editor of the Alarm, a semi-weekly
publication devoted to the interests of
I. W. W., has been arrested and is
held in the oounty jaii on an indict
ment returned by the grand jury charg
ing him with violation of the military
laws of the United States and the state
Ahlteen is said to have published an
article in his paper aimed against
draft and declaring men who go to
Europe as soldiers are sent as tools of
millionaires, of Wall street, of capital
istic control. His article is said to
have been printed in the Swedish lan
guage. CARTRIDGES ARE DEFECTIVE
Almost Half of Ammunition Worthless,
San Antonio, Sept. 6.Tests made
in target practice and war problems
at military training camps in the
south have brought about complaints
of defective cartridges which indicated
about 37 to 42 per cent of the ammuni
tion supplied the new men of the army
is harmless and ancient. Some of the
boxes in which the cartridges were
packed bore dates 12 to 15 years ago.
$300,000,000 in Certificates Offered.
Washington, Sept. 6Preliminary to
the forthcoming second issue of Lib
erty bonds, Secretary McAdoo has
offered through the Federal Reserve
banks for subscription at par $300,000,-
000 of treasury certificates of indebt
edness. Subscriptions will be received
up to noon Tuesday, September 11,
and the certificates will pay interest at
3% per cent to December 15, 1917,
when they are to be redeemed.
No Color Line in Troop Assignment.
Washington, Sept. 6.How color
lines have been ignored in the assign
ment of negro troops in the drafted
sections of the national army is re
vealed in general orders showing the
War department's intention to appor
tion the negro troops evenly where
possible in all cantonments. The or
der provides that in every cantonment
there shall be one negro infantry regi
ment where sufficient personnel is
available. Protests have been made
against quartering negro troops in
certain parts of the South.
WAR ON AUSTRIA PROBABLE
DECLARATION MAY COME AS RE-
SULT OF I. W. W. RAIDS.
overnment Learns That Money Has
Been Paid by Germany's Ally Into
Some Organizations Raided.
Washington, Sept. 8.Formal decla
ration of war against Austria and the
other Teutonic allies is regarded as
probable as the result of the raids
against the I. W. W. and sedition
breeding headquarters. The Depart
ment of Justice, it is learned, has been
informed through Italian sources that
Teuton money has been paid into some
of the organizations raided. This
money was handled by agents of Ger
many's allies against whom the Unit
ed States has not yet declared war,
but who are permitted free run of this
Raids Are Successful.
Department of Justice officials char
acterized the raids as successful in
"We got every scrap of evidence
that we expected to get," said one
of the officials of the department.
This is taken to mean that the de
partment has clinched the stories
which have been told by the repre
sentatives of the Allies. Their in
formation follows closely along the
line of that which has been gathered
by several senators and representa
tives to Congress, who said German
money was behind'the I. W. W. prop
aganda. GERMAN EDITOR FACETIOUS
Says "God Save Us From Corrupt
U. S. Herd."
The Hague, Sept. 6.According to
a Budapest press the Neues Prester
Journal, commenting on President
Wilson's reply to Pope Benedict's
peace note, says:
"God preserve the peace of the peo
ples from America's peace mediation.
The democratic principle has become
the worst corruption in the United
States where millions are spent in
every presidential election in baying
"Every promonarchial man long has
known that no wholesome effect on
the present war 'was to be expected
from the corrupted herd of North
America, sunk in the profoundest deg
WOULD SEAT ANOTHER CZAR
Chief Plotters in Russian Intrique Are
Petrograd, Sept. 7.The aim of the
conspiracy in connection with which
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich
and others were arrested was the res
toration of the autocracy. The chief
conspirators were Mile. Margaret Hit
rovo of Tobolsk, and Mme. Liubov Hit
ro of Yelaburg, members of a" well
known bureaucratic family, b6tn of
whom were arrested.
According to the Birzheviya, a num
ber of officers have been arrested and
other grand dukes have been taken
into custody. The State's attorney re
fuses to divulge their names.
It is assumed that one of the grand
dukes arrested was the candidate of
the conspirators for the throne.
To Reveal Spy System.
San Francisco, Sept. 7.Revelation
of a national enemy spy system as
promised by John W. Preston, United
States district attorney, in his state
ment to the jury at the trial of Laur
ence De Lacey, D. J. Harndy and
William Mullaine for conspiracy to
free from a military prison Franz Bopp
and E. H. Von Schack, former German
consul and vice consul here, who are
"held as alien enemies. Preston stated
that the accused told a federal agent
that they "had bigger thingaAi hand"
than the freeing of these tvro men
WMfV- ^t If i*'lW^lJI|S,lSS'r!!li W
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, WINN.
MAYOR HANGED IN EFFIGY
WAR VETERANS "STRING UP"
Mayor Is "Victim" of Grand Army Post
Members Who Stage Exhibition
in Heart of City.
Chicago, Sept. Mayor William
Hale Thompson was hanged in effigy
by members of the General Lloyd
Wheaton post, No. 40, Veterans of For
eign Wars, in Grant Park. This is in
the heart of the city.
Thousands of pedestrians and auto
mobilists watched the "hanging," and
made the city ring with their cheers.
It was one of the wildest demonstra
tions ever witnessed in Chicago.
City police were unable to interfere
because the park ground is out of
Council Praises Governor.
Chicago's city council, sitting as a
committee of the whole, at the end
of a turbulent four-hour special ses
sion, adopted a resolution 'praising
Governor Frank O. Lowden for his
action in overriding Mayor Thompson
by refusing permission to the People's
Council for Democracy and Peace
Terms to meet in Illinois and urging
the state's chief executive to prevent
any meeting in the future which may
be inimicar to public safety or dis
-IS PASSED BY HOUSE
War Tax Credit Measure Goes
Through by Unanimous Vote
No Amendments Attached.
Washington, Sept. 7.The great war
credits bill authorizing $11,538,945,460
in bonds and certificates has passed
the House unanimously. Action by
the Senate as soon as the pending war
tax bill is disposed of is planned by ad
ministration leaders. Not a material
amendment was added to the bill by
Representative Moore of Pennsylva
nia led a group of Republicans in a
futile fight for a war expenditures
committee. Every effort to limit the
control the bill would give Secretary
McAdoo over the bonds and certifi
cates resulted in failure.
The last fight made by Representa
tive Johnson of Washington to direct
the secretary to spend at least $2,-
500,000 for newspaper advertising in
disposing of the bonds was over
ORIENTALS TO AID RUSSIANS
Picked Chinese Army Corps Ready to
Depart For Europe.
San Francisco, Sept. 7.The 24th
Chinese army corps, composed of 15,-
000 picked troops from the Northern
provinces, is being mobilized in a
Chinese city for immediate departure
to nmrepe, according to a cablegram
received here by the Chinese Daily
World from its correspondent in
The dispatch indicated that the
troops would be taken through Siberia
to the Eastern front and hinted that
gaps in the Russian armies would be
filled by these troops and possibly by
Held for Murder After Girl's Death.
Chicago, Sept. 5.Gerald Shepard,
secretary of the Emergency league,
who was in the third floor of the St.
Regis hotel^ from which Rae Wilson,
cabaret singer, leaped to her death one
night recently, has been held by the
police under a charge of murder. Shep
ard is alleged to have admitted to the
coroner that he and Miss Wilson quar
reled bitterly a few hours before her
death. Miss Wilson had been sepa
rated from her husband, Fred Rolph,
of Los Angeies, a commercial traveler,
snore than a year.
^^J jH~. C^.:
H'M Yoirt ABOUT it
MEET A LARGE:, HUSKY
PABTV FROM ACQOSS THE
WATEtt WHO WILL MAKE IT
PRETTY HOT FOQ YOD,( ABOUT
9oo WJOseff FfcHMNMBtr) TH5N I
CAN Srat Mxxz evmRe WAR. PACTTY
MAKIMC A GENERAL- EXODUSJN-^lHE
Cneecmow OF "WE Aocnc CIBCLE
WTW vbu Agour poua.
3UMPS THE LEAD-
10 HALT STRIKES
SUBMIT TENTATIVE PACT WHERE
BY INDUSTRIES OF COUNTRY
WILL NOT SUFFER BY REA
SON OF DISAGREEMENTS.
WOULD CREATE BOARD
TO SETTLE PROBLEMS
Plan Provides for Agreement Between
Employers and Employes to Pre
vent Lockouts, Compel Mainte
nance of Open and Closed Shops
and Establish Arbitration.
Washington, Sept. 8. Manufactur
ers' representatives here proposed to
the Council of National Defense a
Joint agreement between employers
and employes in war enterprise to pre
vent strikes and lockouts, compel
maintenance of prevailing open or
closed union shop conditions, and es
tablish a board for compulsory arbi
tration of labor disputes directly con
cerning war production.
A request that the council call an
early conference of representative na
tional and international officers of
American trade unions to agree to the
proposals was taken under considera
Nearly 150 members of the national
industrial conference board, whictt
represents 16 manufacturers' associa
tions and more than 50,000 manufac
turers, presented personally to the
council, and its advisory commission,
a statement recommending thai the
council's policy of discouraging chang
es of labor standards during the war.
be applied as follows:
Features of Proposed Plan.
"That applied to existing statutory
regulations intended to promote safety
and health it shall be agreed that for
the period of the war there shall be
no suspension or modification of such
provisions except upon recommenda
tion of the Council of National De
fense after due investigation by its
agencies and when, in its judgment,
required by the exigencies of war.
"Applied to wages, demands shall be
tested by the prevailing local standard
of the establishment in effect at the
beginning of the war with such modifi
cation as may be shown to be neces
sary to meet any demonstrated ad
vance in the cost of living.
"Applied to hours, the standard
shall be those established by statute
or prevailing in the establishment at
the beginning of the war subject to
change only when in the opinion, of
the Council of Defense it is necesary
to meet the requirements of the gov
"Applied to what are commonly
known as 'open' or 'closed' shop con
ditions, it shall be understood and
agreed that every employer entering
the period of the war with a union
shop shall not, by lockout or other
means, undertake to alter such condi
tions for the duration of the war, nor
shall any combination of workmen un
dertake during the like period to
close an open shop."
MAY SEIZE NEUTRAL SHIPS
Commandeering f Vessels to Carry
Food It Proposed.
Washington, Sept. 8.Shortage of
ocean-going tonnage may cause the
United States to seize some 400,000
tons of neutral shipping now in Amer
ican ports. Dutch and other Scandi
navian ships which are loaded with
food stuffs may be required, it is said,
to discharge their cargoes and go to
Australia and Java for wheat and su
International law, officials point out,
gives belligerents the right to com
mandeer neutral ships whenever the
emergency of war require it.
Under this interpretation the Ameri
can government has just seized sev
eral Austrian ships which took refuge
in American ports when the European
war broke out.
NOT TO FIX PRICES ON .MEATS
Food Administration Has No Power
Over Product, Says Hoover.
Washington, Sept. 7. Price fixing
for meat and dairy products has no
place in the government food control
plans. Herbert Hoover, food admin
istrator, told the national livestock
Not only would it be inadvisabla
to institute price fixing in these in
dustries, he declared, but the food ad
ministration has been given no such
As long as there is a heavy demand
for meat with a decreased production,
Mr. Hoover said meat prices will con
tinue to soar.
1916 Rail Death Toll 10,001.
Washington, Sept. 7.Ten thousand
and one persons were killed in rail
road accidents during 1916 and 196,-
722 were injured, according to a com
pilation of figures covering the year
made public by the Interstate Com
merce commission. As usual the
greater number, were trespassers on
railroad property. Passengers killed
numbered 291 injured, 8,008 em
ployes killed, fi,941 injured, 176,923.
Other persons, including trespassers
killed and injured, numbered 6,769 and
ir 1tft-ip--***Z*~Z-*#**mA-~ ^-ii--,
jl WOMEN I ITS CHEAP!
1 USE LEMON JUICE TO
MAKE BEAUTY LOTION
In all weathers the skin and com
plexion can be kept wonderfully clear,
soft and white by the use of this inex
pensive lemon lotion which any girl or
woman can easily prepare.
The juice of two fresh lemons strain
ed into a bottle containing three
ounces of orchard white makes a whole
quarter pint of the most remarkable
lemon skin beautifier at about the
cost one must pay for a small jar of
the ordinary cold creams. Care should
be taken to strain the lemon Juice
through a fine cloth so no lemon pulp
gets In, then this lotion will keep fresh,
for months. Every woman knows that
lemon Juice Is used to bleach and re
move such blemishes as freckles, sal
lowness and tan, and is the Ideal skin,
softener, smoothener and beautifier.
Just try It! Get three ounces of
orchard white at any pharmacy and
two lemons from the grocer and make
up a quarter pint of this sweetly fra
grant lemon lotion. It naturally
should help to soften, freshen, bleach,
and bring out the roses and hidden
beauty of any skin. Those who will
make it a hab't to gently massage this
lotion Into the face, neck, arms and.
hands once or twice dally may be re
paid with a skin that is flexible and
young looking and a peach-like con
A youth who had accomplished con.
sidenible glory in football but little in
his studies, was dropped from one
preparatory school and immediately
Invited to another. He had been
there about a week when he was ap
proached by a member of the faculty.
"Well," said the professor, "how do
you find It here?"
"Pretty fair," answered the boy."
"That's good. Find It smooth go
The* youth meditated a moment
"Well, I shouldn't like to say that, ex
actly," he replied. "The field's sort ol
rough yet in places, sir."Exchange.
You corn-pestered men and' women
need suffer no longer. Wear the shoet
that nearly killed you before, says thit
Cincinnati authority, because a fev?
drops of freezone applied directly on a
tender, aching corn or callus, stopf
soreness at once and soon the corn oi
hardened callus loosens so It can b
lifted off, root and ,all, without pain,
A small bottle of freezone costs verj
little at any drug store, but will posl*
tively take off every hard or soft corn
or callus. This should be tried, as If
is inexpensive and is said not to irri
tate the surrounding skin.
If your druggist hasn't any freezon*
tell him to get a small bottle for yoii
from his wholesale drug house.adv*
Had Made Good Use of*Time.
The Anzac read the advertisement
on the door, and strolled In.
"I want ter speak ter a pal o' mine,"-
"Ah yes. Be seated, my good sir."
Then In a dreamy voice the medium
began to ring up the Beyond.
"I am in touch with, the person yon
want," he said at last. "He tells me
that he has made a lot of friends-. Al
ready he has met Cromwell, Shake
speare, Queen Elizabeth, Henry Irving,
YES! LIFT A CORN
OFF WITHOUT PAIN!
Cincinnati man tells how to dry
up a corn or callus so it lifts
off with fingers. ^d
Balzac, and a score of
"Gee!" muttered the Australian.
"Jim alius was a hustler. 'E ain't
bin dead an hour yet!"London Tit*
University of Notre Daml
NOTRE DAME, INDIANA
Offer* Complete Coarse In Agriculture
Full courses also in Letters, Journalism,
Library Science, Chemistry, Pharmacy. MedV
ctne, Architecture, Commerce wd