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OUTLINES AIMS Presents Definite Program For World Peace, In Speech In Congress In Reply To Czernin Offer. Text of Message Washington, D. C, Jan. 9.Presi- dent Wilson, addressing congress, has just delivered a restatement of America's war aims. A definite program for world .peace, containing fourteen specific considerations, was presented. The Presidents address in practi cally avery instance was in agree ment with the recent declaration of Premier Lloyd George of Great Brit ain. Distribution to all parts of the EWorld of President Wilson's address toy cable and wireless has been ar ranged for by the committee on pub lic information. The sending began fn New York at the press censor's office as soon as word was received from Washington that the president toad begun to speak. The President spoke as follows: Gentlemen of Congress: Once more, as repeatedly before, the spokesmen of the Central Em pires have indicated their desire to discuss the objects of the war and the possible bases of a general peace. Parleys have been in prog ress at Brest-Utovsk between Rus sian representatives and representa tives 'of the Central Powers to which the attention of all the belligerents have been invited for the purpose of OKcvrffining whether it may be pos sible to extend these parleys into a general conference with regard to terms of peace and settlement. The Rus ian representatives presented not only a perfectly deiinite statement of principles upon which they would be willing to conclude peace, but also n equally definite program of the concrete application of those prin ciples. The representatives of the Central Powers on their part pre sented an outline of settlement which, if much less definite, seemed susceptible of liberal interpretation tinril their specific program of prac tical terms was added. Proposed No Concessions. That program proposed no conces sions at all either to the sovereign ty of Russia or to the preferences of the population with whose for tunes hi dealt but meant, in a word, that the Central Empires were to keep every foot of territory their armed forces hart occupiedevery province, every city, every point of vantage, as a permanent addition to thej- territories ond their pov.-gr. It Is a reasonable conjecture that the general principles of settlement nvliii li they have at first suggested (Originated with the more liberal states icon of Germany and Austria, t!ie men -.'ho have begun to feel ie force of their own people's thought and purpose while the concrete terms of actual settlement came from the military leaders who have no thought but to keop what they have got. The negotiations have been broken off. The Russian repre sentatives were sincere and in earn est. They cannot entertain such pro posals of conquest and domination. Upholds Russians. The whole incident is full of -igniii came. It is also full of perplexity. With whom are the Russian reui'e (Sentatlve.i dealing? For whom are the representatives of the Central Empires speaking? Are they speak ing for the majorities of their re spective parliaments or for the min ority parties, that military and im perialistic minority which has so far dominated their whole policy and controlled the affairs of Turkey and of the Balkan states which have felt obliged to become their asso ciates in this war? The Russian rep sentatives have insisted, very just ly, very wisely, and in the true spirit of democracy that the conferences thry have been holding with the "Teutonic and Turkish statesmen should be held within open, not closed -doors, and all the world has been tutlisnce as was desired. To whom have we been listening then? those who speak the spirit and in tention of the resolutions of the Ger man rcichstag of the 9th of July fist, the spirit and intention of their liberal leaders and parties of Ger many, or to those who persist and defy that spirit and. intention and in sist upon conquest and subjugation? Or are we listening in fact to both unreconciled and in open and hope less contradiction? These are very serious and pregnant questions. Upon the answer to them depends the peace .of the world. Premier's Talk Praised. But whatever the result of the par leys at Brest LftOVsk, whatever the confusions of counsel and purpose of f\'aw York Milk Man Indicted. "New York, Jan. 9.Indictments against ieven members and officers of the Dai.j men's league have been re turned, charging violation of the New York anti-trust law. It is alleged the accused men conspired to fix retail milk prices. The indictments are based on a price lower than the rate author ised, thus raising a legal connection be tween the state authorities on what constituted an iilcgal price fixing and ^h determination cached on this point by the federal government the utterances of the spokesmen of the Central Empires, they have again at tempted to acquaint the world with their objects in the war and have again challenged their adversaries to say what their objects are and what sort of settlement they would deem just and satisfactory. There is no good reason why that challenge should not be responded to with the utmost candor. We did not wait for it. Not once, but again and again we have laid our whole thought and purpose before the world. Not in general terms only, but 'each time with sutticient definition to make it clear what sort of definite terms of settlement must necessarily spring out of them. Within the last week Mr. Lloyd George has spoken with admirable candor and in admir able spirit for the people and govern ment of Great Britain. There is no confusion of counsel among the adver saries of the Central Powers, no un certainty of principals, no vagueness of detail. The only secrecy of counsel, the only lack of fearless frankness, the only failure to make definite statement of the object of the war, lies with Ger many and her allies. The issues of life and death hang upon these defini tions. No statesman who has the least conception of his responsibility ought for a moment to permit himself to continue this tragical and appalling outpouring of blood and treasure un less he is sure beyond a peradventure that the objects of the vital sacrifice are part and parcel of the very life of society and that the people for whom he speaks think them right .and imperative as he does. Definitions Called For. There is, moreover, -a voice calling for these definitions of principle and of purpose which is, it seems to me, more thrilling and more compelling than any of the many moving voices with which the troubled air of the world Is filled. It is the voice of the Russian people. They are prostrate and all but helpless, it would seem, before the grim power of Germany, which has hitherto known no relent ing and no pity. Their power, appar ently, is shattered. And yet their soul is not subveient. They will not yield either in princinle or in action. Their conception of what is right, of what is humane and honorable for them to accept has been stated with frankness, a largeness of view, a generosity of spirit and a universal human sympathy which must chal lenge the admiration of every friend of mankind and they have refused to compound their ideals or desert others that they themselves may be safe. They call on us to say what it is that we desire in what, if anything, our purpose and our spirit differ from theirs. And I believe that the people of the United States would wish me to respond, with utter simplicity and frankness. Wants Processes Open. Whether their present leaders be lieve it or not, it is our heartfelt de sire that some way may be opened whereby we may be privileged to as sist the people of Russia' to attain their utmost hope of liberty and or dered peace. It will be our wish and purpose that the processes of peace, when they are begun, shall be abso lutely open and that they shall in volve and permit henceforth no secret understandings of any kind. The day of conquest and aggran dizement is gone by so is also the day of secret covenants entered into in the interest of particular governments and likely at some unlooked for mo ment to upset the peace of the world. It is this happy fact now clear to the view of every public man whose thoughts do not still linger in an age that is dead and gone which makes it possible for every nation whose pur poses are consistent with justice and the peace of the world to avow now or at any other time the objects it has in view. We entered this war because viola tions of right had occurred which touched us to the quick and made the life of our own people impossible un less they were corrected and the world secured once for all against their re currence. Safe World To Live In Is Demand. What we demand in this war, there fore, is nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the world be made fit and safe to live in and particularly that it be made safe for every peace loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own in stitutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression. All the people of the world are in effect partners in this in terest and for our own part we see very clearly that unless justice be done to others, it will not be done to us. The program of the world's peace, therefore, is our program and that program, the only possible program, as we see it, is this: FirstOpen covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private interna tional understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed al ways frankly and in the public view. SecondAbsolute freedom of Milk-Fuel Famine Faces Chicago Chicago. Jan. 9.There will be a milk and fuel famine here unless the citizens combine to defeat the menace. In one day the city spent $10,000 for 2,- 200 laborers, 631 teams and seven snow plows. The whole force hardly made a dent in the drifts that have blocked all delivery of food and coal. Each citizens is being urged by the commissioner of public works and the Association of Commerce to lend a hand. Neither milk nor groceries could be delivered in normal quantities. navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by International action for the en forcement of international cove nants. ThirdThe removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equal ity of trade conditions among all the national consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. Fourth Adequate guaranties given and taken that national arm aments will be reduced to the low est point consistent with domestic safety. FifthA free, open minded and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the princi ples that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the inter ests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with equit able claims of the government whose title is to be determined. Sixth.The evacuation of all -Rus sian territory and such settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the in dependent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere wel come Into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treat ment accorded Russia by her sister na tions in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as dis tinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy. SeventhBelgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacu ated and restored, without any at tempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and de termined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired. EighthAll French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly 50 years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made se cure in the interest of all. Ninth.A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be affect ed along clearly recognizable lines of nationality. TenthThe peoples of Austria Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguard ed and assured, should be accord ed the freest opportunity of auton omous development. EleventhRumania, Serbia and Montenegro should be evacuated. Occupied territories restored Ser bia accorded free and secure ac cess to the sea and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically estab lished lines of allegiance and na tionality and international guar ranties of the political and eco nomic independence and territor ial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into. TwelfthThe Turkish portions of the present Ottoman empire should be assured a secure sover eignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of auton omous development, and the Dar danelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guaranties. ThirteenthAn Independent Pol ish state should be erected which should include the territories in habited by indisputable Polish (populations, which should be as sured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and terri torial integrity should be guaran teed by international covenant. FourteenthA general associa tion of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guar anties of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike. In regard to these essential rectifi cations of wrong and assertions of right we feel ourselves to be intimate partners of all the governments and people associated together against Federal Judge Accused. Seattle, Jan. 9.Citizens of Nome, Alaska, have filed charges of pro-Ger manism against Federal Judge Wil liam S. Holzeimer, recently appointed to Nome division. Other charges of gambling and excessive drinking were also made. Washington, Jan. 9.Construction of an army cantonment at Revolr, Vs., near Washington, for training of 16,000 engineers for overseas duty, is author ized by the War department THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN. the imperialists. We cannot be separated in interest or divided in purpose. We stand together until the end. Foe to be Equal But Not Master. For such arrangements and cove nants we are willing to fight and to continue to fight until they are achieved but only because we wish the right to prevail and desire a just and stable peace such as can be se cured only by removing the chief provocations to war, which this pro gram does remove. We have no jeal ousy of German greatness and there is nothing in this program that im pairs it. We grudge her no achieve ment or distinction of learning or of pacific enterprise such as have made her record very bright and very envi able. We do not wish to injure her or to block in any way her legitimate influence or power. We do not wish to fight her either with arms or with hostile arrangements of trade. If she is willing to associate herself with its and the other peace loving nations of the world in covenants of justice and law and fair dealing. We wish her only to accept a place of equality among the peoples of the worldthe new world in which we now livein stead of a place of mastery. Must Know Who Is Represented. Neither do we presume to sug^st to her any alterations or modificaflon of her institutions. But it is neces sary, we must frankly say and nec essary as a preliminary to any intel ligent dealings with her on ouv part, that we should know whom her spokesmen speak for when tjhey speak to us, whether for the reichs tag majority or for the military party, and the men whose creed is imperial domination. Aims Clear Ready for Test. We have spoken now, surely, in terms too concrete to admit of any further doubt or question. An evi dent principle runs through the whole program I have outlined. It is the principle of justice to all peoples and nationalities, and their right to live on equal terms of liberty and safety with one another, whether they be strong or weak. Unless this principle be made its foundation no part of the structure of international justice can stand. The people of the Uhited Stateo could act upon no other principle, and to the vindica tion of this principle they are ready to devote their lives, their honor and everything that they possess. The moral climax of this, the cul minating and final war for human liberty has come, and they are ready to put their strength, their own highest purpose, their own integrity and devotion to the test. PLANS GUERILLA DEFENSE Russia May Resume Military Opera tions of That Kind. Petrograd, Jan. 9.At Russian army headquarters in the field, a war coan cil is being held. Steps are being dis cussed that may lead to a resumption by Russia, not of military operations on a vast scale, such as offensives of the Brusiloff type, but of active, ener getic guerilla defense of the Russian lines. In this defense Russia does not ask Allied aid. She rejects it, even. She proposes to throw chaos into the teeth of any military move the Germans may make. She will give the Teuton commanders the thing they fear more than organized armiesa crippled land of endless vastness, that has no foodno transportation, and whose productiveness is paralyzed, a land, peopled by human guerillas, "ev- ery one of them armed with a rifle," as Trotzky puts it. SEES PERMANENT CONTROL Vanderlip Thinks Government Will Continue Rail Operation. New York, Jan. 9."It looks as if the railroads have passed permanently from private control in the form that we have known it. Whether this is a good thing must remain to be seen," said Frank A. Vanderlip, president of the National City bank, speaking at the Rubber Association of America banquet "The breakdown did not come Dec. 28 it started far back of that In unfair treatment of the rail roads," he said. "We are seeing a type of state socialism the world over, re flected in price fixing and food admin istrations." FEW STUDENT AIRMENKILLED Split Lip, Cracked Elbow, Total Casu alties in 6 Weeks in Camp. With the American Army in France, Jan. 9. -One split lip and one cracked elbow is the casualty list for six weeks at one of the biggest American flying schools in France. The old suspicion that embryo fliers were killed off like Spartan weaklings is being relieved by facts from the fly ing centers. In six weeks at the school, a dozen machines crashed to the ground. In every case the flier pulled himself to gether and walked out of the tangle. Urges Importing Chi^a Farmers. San Francisco, Jan. 9.The Califor nia State Development board has adopted a resolution favoring impor tation of experienced Chinese farmers to California for the period of the war. St. Paul Packing Hearings Postponed. Washington, Jan. 9.The St. Paul hearings of the trade commission in quiry into the packing Industry have been postponed until Monday, Jan uary 14. TEXT OF WILSON'S TALK TO CONGRESS ON RAIL CONTROL President Wilson has laid before Congress, assembled in joint session, his recommendations for carrying out government operation of railroads. Bills to carry out the President's ideas already had been prepared un der the supervision of the Department of Justice and were immediately intro duced with plans for prompt consider ation in both House and Senate. The President spoke as follows: Gentlemen of the congress: I have asked the privilege of ad dressing* you in order to report that on ifcgJ&jth day of December Jast, during.toe^fecess of congress, lasting through the secretary of war and un der the authority conferred upon me by the act of congress approved Aug. 29, 1916, I took possession and as sumed control of the railway lines of the country and the systems of water transportation under their con trol. This step seemed to be impera tively necessary in the interest of the public welfare in the presence of the great tasks of war with, which we are now dealing. As our experience develops diffi culties and makes it clear what they are, I have deemed it my duty to remove those difficulties wherever 1 have the legal power to do so. To assume control of the vast railway systems of the country is, I realize, a very heavy responsibility, but to fail to do so in the existing circum stances would have been a much greater. I assumed the less responsi bility rather than the weightier. Must Mobilize Resources. I am sure that I am speaking the mind of all thoughtful Americans when I say that it is our duty to do everything that it is necessary to do to secure their complete mobilization of the whole resources of America by as rapid and effective means as can be found. Transportation sup plies all the arteries of mobilization. Unless it be under a single and uni fied direction the whole process of the nation's action is embarrassed. It was in the true spirit of America and it was right, that we should first try to effect the necessary unification under the voluntary action of those who were in charge of the great rail way properties and we did try it. The directors of the railways respond ed to the need promptly and gener ously. Tin group of railway execu tives who were charged with the task of actual co-ordination and gen eral direction performed their diffi cult duties with patriotic zeal and marked ability, as was to have been expected, and did, I believe, every thing that it was possible for them to do in the circumstances. If I have taken the. task out of their hands it" has not been because of any dereliction or failure on their part, but only because there were some things which the government can do and the present management cannot. W^e shall continue to value most highly the advice and assist ance of these gentlemen and I am sure we shall not find them with holding it. Government Control Only Solution. It had become unmistakably plain that only under government adminis tration can the entire equipment of the several systems of transporta tion be fully and unreservedly thrown into a common service without in jurious discrimination against par ticular properties. Only under gov ernment administration can an abso lutely unrestricted and unembar rassed common use be made of all tracks, terminals, terminal facilities and equipment of every kind. Only under that authority can new term inals be constructed and developed without regard to the requirements or limitations of particular roads. But under the government all these things wiir be possiblenot Instantly, but as fast as practical difficulties, which cannot be merely conjured away give way before the new management. The common administration will be carried out with as little disturbance of present operating organizations and personnel of the railways as possible. Nothing will be altered or disturbed which it is not necessary to disturb. We are serving the public interest and safeguarding the public safety, but we are also regardful of the interest of those by whom these great properties are owned and glad to avail ourselves of the experience and trained ability of those who have been managing them.' War Traffic First Consideration. It is necessary that the transporta tion of troops and of war materials, of food and of fuel, and of everything that is necessary for the full mobiliza tion of the energies and resources of the country should be first considered, but it is clearly in the public interest also that the ordinary activities and the normal industrial and commercial life of the country should be interfered with and dislocated as little as pos- To Prove Labor Draft Unnecessary. Washington, Jan. 5.Unions affiliat ed with the A. F. of L. have agreed to co-operate with the plan of the U. S. public service reserve for voluntary assignment of labor forces of the country into jobs where the govern ment most needs them. This was an nounced by the Department of. Labor which said thousands of skilled work men had enrolled and trade anions had began to urge members to do likewise to demonstrate that conscriptions of labor would ha sible and the public may rest assured that the interest and convenience of the private shipper will be as carefully served and safeguarded as it is pos sible to serve and safeguard it in the present extraordinary circumstances. Wants Investors Protected. While the present authority of the executive offices for all purposes of ad ministration, and while of course, all private interest must for the present give way to the public necessity, it is, I am sure you will agree with me, right and necessary that the owners and creditors of the railways, the hold ers of the stocks and bonds, should re ceive from the government an unquali fied guarantee that their properties will ibe maintained throughout the period of federal control in as good repair and as complete equipment as at present, and that the several roads will receive under federal management such compensation as is equitable and just alike to their owners and to the general public. I would suggest the average net railway operating income of the three years ending June 30, 1917. I earnestly recommend that these guarantees be given by appro priate legislation and given as prompt ly as circumstances permit. Move Is Mere Justice. I need not point out the essential justice of such guaranties and their great influence and significance as ele ments in the present financial and in dustrial situation of the country. In deed, one of the strongest arguments for assuming control of the railroads at this time is the financial argument. It is necessary that the values of rail way securities should be Justly and fairly paid and that the large financial operations every year necessary in connection with the maintenance, op eration and development of the roads, should, during the period of the- war, be wisely related to the financial op erations of the government. Conserve Common Safety. Our first duty is, of course, to con serve the common interest and the common safety, and to make certain that nothing stands in the way of the successful prosecution of the great war for liberty and justice, but it is an obligation of public conscience and of public honor that the private inter ests we disturb should be kept Bafo from unjust injury, and it is of the utmost consequence to the government itself that all great financial operations should be stabilized and coordinated with the financial operations of the government. No borrowing should run athwart the borrowings of the federal treasury, and no fundamental Indus trial values should anywhere be un necessarily impaired. In the hands of many small investors in the country, as well as in national banks, in insur ance companies, in saving banks, in trust companies, in financial agencies of every kind, railway securities, the total of which runs up to some $10,- 000,000,000 or $11,000,000,000, consti tute a vital part of the structure of credit, and the unquestioned solMity of that structure must be maintained. McAdoo Is Agreed Upon. The secretary of ll^^^Lgf 811 agreed tha't, in view or the*nKrny*cbm plex interests which must be safe guarded and harmonized, as well as because of his exceptional experience and ability in this new field of govern mental action, William G. McAdoo, was the right man to assume direct ad ministrative control of this new" ex ecutive task. At our request he con sented to assume the authority and duties of organizer and director gen eral of the new railway administra tion. He has assumed those duties and his work is in active progress. It is probably too much to expect that even under the unified railway ad ministration which will now be pos sible, sufficient economies can be af fected in the operation of the railways to make it possible to add to their equipment and extend their operative facilities as much as the present ex traordinary demands upon their nse will render desirable without resorting to the national treasury for funds. Congress Mutt Provide. It is not possible. It will of course, be necessary to resort to the con gress for grants of money for that pur pose. The secretary of the Treasury will advise with your committees with regard to this very practical aspect of the matter. For the present, I sug gest only the guarantees I have indi cated and such appropriations as are necessary at the outset of this task. I take the liberty of expressing the hope that the congress may grant these promptly and ungrudgingly. We are dealing with great matters and will, I am sure, deal with them greatly. BLAST KILLS 2,000 SOLDIERS Munitions Depot On Russian Front Re ported Blown Up. Stockholm, Jan. 5.A Haparanda dispatch to the Tidningen says the munitions depot on the Russian south western front was blown up recently and that all buildings within a radius of two kilometers were destroyed. Two trains loaded with Cossacks on. the way to the Don district were wrecked causing the death of 2,000 men. Alien Enemies Lose Citizenship. Milwaukee, Jan. 5.Citizenship of three enemy aliens granted since the war began has been revoked in United States District Court here. So far as is known it is the first case In the United States of this kind. Hans Kamm. Oshkosh Tador Grahl, Fond du Lac, and Frank Thomas, Wauke sha, lost their papers and may he in terned. Action was taken under Sec tion 2171 of the United States statute preventing Issuance of citizenship pav pen to enemies during war.