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I! i Vol. XV. Vf^". THE TOMAHAWK. 60S H. BEAULIEU, C. H. BEAULIEU, Editor. White Earth Agency, Minnesota. Entered at the Postofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the econd class. SUBSCRIPTION: S1.50 PER YEAR IN ADUNCL How about politics? TJie &/~<% Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. /^V 2rd= T? vofc- ing Chippewas should support the men who have stood by them, to do otherwise would show ingrati tude. Ho, ye dames that are skillful in sugar making-, listen to Mr. Hoo ver's plea for sugar making, it will pay you*to work in the sugar bosh, and besides it will be patri otic. Achievements. We read with pleasure the com munication of our Washington cor respondent which we published on Feb. 14th. It was a happy inci dent that the communication was published*on St. Valentine's Day, thus'enabling our correspondent to convey pleasant tidings to our reader* under the patron*go of the little messenger of love. The story was not of the Jove that stirs sexes nor couched in terms of poetry, and- illustrated with flowers and transfixed bear% 'fiuYftT^ atale of lovely poetic justice, therfore we may say "herein is love." As our correspondent truly 3*id, "The Legislative Committee of the Chip pewa General Council is accom* plishing splendid results in their efforts to protect the funds of the Chippewa Indians and to secure a final settlement of the affairs of the Chippewa Indians with the United States." But we ask our readers to recall that the initiative to the the work now being performed was with the late publisher of THE TOMAHAWK, Gus. H. Beaulieu, he always con tended against extravagent expen ditures and illegal appropriation of the Chippewa trust fund. He it was who in the pas se cured saving clauses in appropria. tion bills even though the Indian office subsequently disregarded them. He it was who conceived the idea of an injunction suit and se cured the services of Webster Ballinger who is ably and fearless ly performing his duV as attorney for the Chippewas,^pd it was the late publisher who paid the attor ney his retaining fee. The legislative committee is fortunate in having secured the aid of Senator Gronna for the further ance of the rights of the Chippe was of Minnesota The writer hereof was with his brother when he asked Gronna last winter to take Senator Clapp's interest in the Chippewas, and to do what Senator Clapp might have done had he been re turned to the Senate. Senator Gronna's answer given earnestly and sincerely was "You may rest assured Mr. Beaulieu that I will do all in my power." He is re deeming his promise. Oat of past misfortunes and mis understandings the members of T it all along, and yet he was not sufficiently sustained against the mochinations of this modern Judus. Mr. Coffey was in some way or Among Mr. Gibbs' initial remarks another permitted to exert too much influence at the Bemidji council of 1917. mentshortasked He was the writer of the string of resolutions which were rushed STRANGLE HOLD! During the fall of %916, Mr. Wade Hampton Gibbs* acting in the capacity of Inspector of the Indian service, visited several of the Minnesota Chippewa Indian reservations. A short time after Mr. Gibbs' visit here he resigned from the service, giving as his reasons that "from a feeling of HOI'ELESSNESS in going after real, progressive reform through the heavy, cumbersome machinery of the Indian office, his mission was a failure." Among other matters which Mr. Gibbs' report Contained were cer tain items which treated of the "evils and abuses existing on the White Earth and Leech Lake agency service," etc. His report was never made public. Efforts were made by members of the res ervation, through the medium of members of Congress, but the .In- dian office at first denied that Huch a report bad been submitted, how ever when faced with Mr. Gibbs' statement to the contrary, the In dian office reluctantly admitted that such a report had been sub mitted but that the office did not deem it "advisable" to make the report public and that Mr. Gibbs' investigations concerned the Indian office alone. In other words if there was, atthat time or any other old time for that matter, some thing ill-smelling and rotten in the management of the White Earth Senator or Leech Lake Chippewa Indian agencies it was nobody's durned business and which concerned the Indian office alone, notwithstanding the fact that the Chippewas were paying for the rottenness of "un- businesslike methods." Just at tlris time when Indian matters are before Congress for attention and consideration and the public is more or less waking up to the deplorable conditions exist ing on many of the Indian reserva- the committee have learned the tions throughout the country, THE way of sound procedure and are TOMAHAWK deems it appropriate working effectively. 'to republish excerpts of former For one thing, they have learned Inspector Wade Hampton Gibbs' tne nature of IVfr. James 1. Coffey.! We flaiure oi .r carats i. vyuur.,. ^^u The late Mr. Beaulieu bad known! open letter addressed to both the Defective Page Hon, Secretary of the Interior and slaved under its wardship. THE TOMAHAWK Truth before Favor." the Hon. Commissioner of Indian Affairs and published in THE TOMAHAWK about a year ago. White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, March 7. 1918. 1- In the brief and only talk 1 hadnot with Mr. Sells after my appoint tn *h fi w *s through without study and consid- certainly done so eration. In large assemblages, under press of time and other considera tions, unwise measures sometimes slip through. When the legislative committee met in Washington as a delibera tive body, small in membership, Mr. Coffey began his work. There was no hubbub nor moil, but in stantly Mr. Coffey began his work of attempted defilement. It was too apparent and the other mem*j bers of the committee immediately preceived and rebelled. Mr. Coffey resigned, but morally to them he became the outcast. De feated in committee he is yet per niciously alive and is striving to to do to the committee what he always was attempting towards Gus H. Beaulieu. We call upon all Minnesota Chippewas to repudiate Mr. James I. Coffey, and to sustain the legislative committee whose members are loyal to the interests of the tribe, and in doing this they will in a measure do honor to the memory of a man who was their best friend. according never bad "The commissioner's desire ap pears to be to uplift the Indians through the slow processes of gov ernmenta administration. can do so by such wornout, shib boleths as "save the babies," while progress of the potentialHe par he ty) report clinging to archaic administrative comingeid of the officupon as methods that block the well being an to ents of the babies, and while trans ferring utterly unworthy employes promise, but have work of approval the many radical found and reported in no uncertain their dismissal. Such a task is too terms.' From association and great for him or any other human, contact with the Indian I have be come convinced that his treatment dation. by the government is one of con tinued error heaped upon initial mistake. Originally segregated upon reservations in order to in sure the safety of the whites who were thinly settled in outlying ter ritory, the continuation of sucb^a policy after the full attainment $ its purposes has operated to defaP' the development, the amalgamation and the civilizition of the Indians in the fulfillment of their manifest destiny. This proposition is proven by the undeniable fact that those Indians who have cut loose from the government have progressed far ahead of those who are still in serfdom as its wards. "This serfdom is a greater re proach to this nation than was the slavery of the negro. The tenure of the title to his lands, and the holding of his funds by the govern ment are sometimes used to coerce him into a compliance with govern ment requirements, thus sapping independence and under mining his character. Therefore, if there ba or rebuke for from one reservation to another, faults I have in place of purging the service by for it is based upon an unfit foun- My severance from the service is voluntary on my part, partly from a feeling of HOPELESSNESS in going after real, progressive re form through the heavy machinery ofjthc Indian office. If field workers could talk for publication as I know they feel in the^muin, my points would be overwhelmingly sustained. "Paltering the Indian service in the belief that the Indian office was designed and conducted as a bene faction to the race, 1 am leaving it convinced that it is the Indian's "Old Man of the Sea" who will try to dinar around his neck in a stransrIe hold forever." Drawing Together. There is a saying that pro claims the outcome of good even from evil. It seems to have been illustrated recently in the ._.. _.._.___ outcome of a council at Pine Point, decadencein the rna*?lre of the'first instigated by the letter of old Indians thus treated, the gov ernment is responsible and the government owes support to those Indians it has ruined, and educa tion to their children to keep them from being ruined also. Its activ ities should stop there. The ver.v* plan of the Indian office to encour age industry among the Indians by giving a few favored individuals the use of reimbursable funds with out interest is an encouragement in the continuation of unbusinesslike methods. "Everywhere there are capable and competent Indians who ought to be free and independent citizens fcodav, but usually the office keeps them ehainpd to their stationary cotribhl members. "The proud, sensitive, high strung Indian often feels thatliope for him and his lies not on this side of the grave. "The young and middle aged adult Indians should be given their land and money and raaJe citizens of America, and citizenship should be conferred on the minors as fast as they reach maturity. "If any squander their heritage, it will be no mere than our white citizens do, and usually the school of nd versify alone confers a valu able civic education. "Turn such Indians loose now under some well considered plan and they, humanity and civiliza tion, will soon be the gainers. "The office at Washington tends to a.iify the Indian problem, whereas each reservation and tribe offers a clear, separate and distinct problem in itself, and the solution of one by no means involves the solution of the other. How may this government pose as a potential solver of the Philippine problem when it has failed and is failing with its own Indians? **The emancipated Cherokees of North Carolina, and Oneidas of VVisconsin,.#have done more for themselves than the government has done for any Indians still en? James 1. Coffey to Ah-bow-e- geshig. Mr. Coffey meant to throw a monkey wrench into the chariot wheeis of the legislative commit tee by inciting opposition at home. Mr. Coffey availed himself of the opposition enduring for yeirs in an element with headquarters at Pine Point. The contents of the letter was ascertained by a commit tee from the local council and the gentlemen of this committee seem ed to have fully convinced the. Pine Pointers that adherence to the legislative committee was the I righteous thing to do. It is encouraging to see this step towards a reapproachment, and may the day be tomorrow when the past shall have been forgotten, aud Pine Pointers cease to be a reproach to the progressives. The ready action over the Coffey letter entitles them to consider* tion in General Council affairs. Perhaps animosity might have died long ago but for the meddle some Mr. Howard and certain em ployes at the office, and at Pine Point. Let us get together if possible. WAR CLUB White Earth, Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. MINNESOTA umTORicxE WEEK MARCH 10^tel7T-S JOIN A WU* SAVINGS SOCIETY euY WAR SAVING STAMPS DECLARE FOR THRIFT When you want the best We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, a Superintendent CanDo. The Santee Sioux have a little land remaining. A superintendent thought this a shame and did all he could (as the faithful guardian of these Indians) to help them get rid of it. His advice was that they should sell their land and put the money in a certain bank. There was a Town Site company organized at Santee. The land began just over the U. S, agency line. The directors of this com pany were also, directors in the "certain" bank. At any rate the plot is quite plain. The land com pany wants to sell town lots the bank wants to handle the money. The Indians have land to sell and, thus, money to put in the bank Once their money is in the bank the land company begins to urge them to buy town lots. Stories of immense profits are circulated. "It's investment in the town lots that makes your money grow." (They should say "grow smaller.") Then comes the Superintendent. He advises and even urges his wards to sell their land. Why? It happens that his wife is a director in the bank. The result? The Santee lost large sums of money, sold large amounts of land. Superintendent and bis wife made money, so much that the superintendent's dismissal or resig nation will not harm him financial ly. The Crooked game flourishes even under the Sells administra tion.American Indian Magazine. IMMlMjMWMMMn. MMft*o**M In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. flinnesota.