Large Numbers of Population Who
Violate Laws of Good Health
By IRA S. WILE. M. D., Anociate Editor of American Magrin
"Haste makes waste/'
The rushing, surging, hastening communities waste time, money and
"Haven't time/'' is the. excuse for large numbers of the population
who violate the laws of health and sound sense.
Consider the simple matter of chewing food.
Carelessness, inattention, laziness, nervousness, gluttony, haste, inter-
fere with proper mastication.
Eat and run or eat on the run characterizes the rapid swallowing of
food by many otherwise intelligent persons.
Food is cooked until it falls to pieces and chewing it appears unnec-
Fluids are drunk to wasli down food before it is adequately pulverized.
Hard or tough foods are cast aside as requiring too great efforts on
ihcNpart of the eater.
Even the children receive moistened foodstuffs that call for little
What is the purpose of chewing?
Chew food to grind it into small particles that are more easily
attacked by the digestive fluids and ferments.
Chew starchy foods to mix them thoroughly with the saliva, which
begins to change the insoluble starch into the absorbable sugar.
Chew all foods to prepare them for swallowing.
Chew actively to stimulate the stomach to prepare adequately for the
digestion of the meal.
Thorough mastication tends to prevent overeating.
If you take the tinie to grind your food you are more likely to escape
Starchy foods demand careful attention to the small detail of chew-
ing them thoroughly that they may receive the advantage of salivary
Spinach, salads and green bulky foods must be finely divided in order
to yield their small measure of nourishment.
Chewing is the first essential step in the process of digestion.
Exercise strengthens muscles.
Use develops power in the organs of the body.
Chewing improves the nutrition of teeth and adds to their vitality.
The teeth of primitive people, forced to chew hard nuts, uncooked
fruits and poorly cooked meats show comparatively little decay. Chewing
increases the blood supply of the teeth, and at the Bame time serves to
cleanse and scrape the enamel surfaces free of harmful debris.
The act of chewing induces a flow of saliva which is a natural puri-
jfier of the mouth and a protector against bacterial invasion.
Take your time at the table.
Chew more and eat lessis a safe rule for the average man.
Relish every bite you eatbut do not depend upon overflavoring for
Prescribe a few minutes' dental exercise on food at each meal instead
of a digestive medicine after meals.
Chew your food.
Only One Sentiment Permissible Today
and That Is Absolute Unity
By CARDINAL O'CONNELL
There is but one sentiment permissible today that sentiment is
Our country is at warour nation therefore needs us all, every man,
woman and child of us, to strengthen her, to hearten her, and to stand
mithfully by her until her hour of trial has passed and her hour of glori-
ous triumph shall arrive.
God and out nation! Let us lift up that cry to heaven.- Neither
jbase hate nor sullen anger may dim the glory of our flag. But let the
love of "true freedomblessed, God-given freedomwhich above all other
lands our country has cherished and defended, let that be the thrilling
rpower that will quicken our pulses into a still greater love of America
than we have ever known till now. i
We are of all races today we are oneAmericans. Whatever we
.can do in honor and justice, that we must In conscience do to defeat our
enemies and make our flag triumphant.
Christ is risen. He has triumphed over iniquity and death. Let us
look up to where he now sits in glory, and read anew from the story of
his passion and his triumph the greatest of all lessons man can ever
learnthat evil is conquered only by divine courage that death las no
terror for the man of faith, and that not all the riches of this world ere
worth a passing thought in comparison with the things which endure for-
ever. Let us hasten now to act. We have spoken enough.
May God preserve and bless America.
Let Us Watch and Avoid Slackers in
Ranks of Our Civilian Army
By M. T. BENNETT
In war time the most damning tag we can tie to a man is the despised
"Slacker." Any deserter disgracing his country's uniform, and coward
shunning the uniform, we call a slacker. But the army of the United
States is not all uniform, and the western front is not confined to France
and Flanders. Our army includes all that host of men and women supply-
ing our food munitions of war. They are heroes as much as their more
conspicuous soldier relatives, and there is desertion and failure to enlist
in this army as well as in the force to cross the Atlantic. There are
slackers on our western front.
This battle line which we protect over here is under the control of a
civilian army. In our factories and fields we are waging war against our
enemy. Are we fighting as hard as we can Are we putting all our force
into supplying the necessary food and munitions for our soldiers in
France? We must fall to and do our work to make theirs worth while.
For all the fighting in France will fail without our campaign for work
in America. Our farmers and manufacturers have been called to join
the ranks. Will they dodge the work, the self-sacrifice? Let na watch
and avoid the stackers in our civilian army.
.-,-i-, tft^-y-]:: ,^r
TtKL pBMpftMwKff wHWE EARTH, MUM.
No doubt, most of the Americans
who find their way to this city are
'transients," but some who arrive with
the intention of making only a brief
sojourn remain here for the rest of
their days. One remembers, for in
stance, the Chicago millionaire who
took up his permanent abode in a Lon
don club and whose decease gave Sir
William Harcourt's Death Duties so
magnificent a send-off.
What do these Americans come out
for to see? The answer is obvious
what they have no chance of seeing at
home. To the citizens of a country
where every church over 100 years old
is regarded as an antiquity, and where
the Washington sightseer, on his trip
to George Washington's home, is told
that he is "now approaching the an
cient city of Alexandria" (dating from
A. D. 1748), the treasury of historic
material provided by London is of al
most inexhaustible interest In the old
er parts of the city nearly every step
brings them into touch with some build
ing whose associations recall a period
anterior to the Declaration of Inde
pendence. To say nothing of the re
mains of the Roman wall, there are the
Tower of Londonthat "sweet boon,"
as Artemus Ward described itWest
minster Abbey and Hall, the Temple,
St Paul's, and old churches and houses
His Literary Pilgrimages.
A conspicuous characteristic of the
American visitor is his enthusiasm for
literary pilgrimages. The average
Englishman, Londoner or provincial,
exhibits nothing like the same seal la
tracking the footprints of our great
writers. St Giles', Cripplegate, the
burial place of John Milton, is probably
visited by ten Americans for every one
Englishman. How many Englishmen
could tell you where Oliver Goldsmith
was buried? Thousands of American
visitors have stood reverently beside
the grave. Memories of Doctor John
son are another powerful magnet
In this connection a good story is
told of how the American enthusiast
is sometimes victimized by bis fellow
countrymen, Mr. George Ade was one
day sitting la the "Cheshire Cheese"
over a beefsteak pudding and a mug
of ale, when there entered a Chicago
woman, Boswell in hand. She had
been told that the great man's auto
graph could still be seen penciled on
one of the walls. The waiters declared
they had never seen it, but with her,
dauntless Chicago spirit she began a
long search upstairs and down. While
she wis upstairs a warm glow of ben-'
evolence rose la Ade's heart and, tak
lug a pencil from his pocket he wrote
with quaint eighteenth century flour
ishes on the WM1 behind him "Sam,
Johnson." On her return from up-j
stairs the visitor promptly spotted the
autograph and was overjoyed.
I It not amazing," remarked Mr.
Ade In telling the story, "how much
happiness we can give to others by
these little acts of kindness?" To the
tourist from overseas even the great
figures of the Victorian era wear a
halo of eandty. Carlyle's house is a
constant center of attraction.
The Tower Bridge, London.
OOD Americans, when they
die, go to Paris, so it Is al
leged. While they are alive
many of them are content to
spend a considerable part of their time
in London. They cannot help it, for,
according to Emerson, the English
have made London "such a city that
almost every active man, in any na*
tion, finds himself, at one time or an
other, forced to visit it" In normal
times a census of the strangers within
our gates would disclose a large pro
portion from the other side of the At
lantic, says Herbert W. BorwiH in
Country Life, The West End shop
keeper knows this well, as a scrutiny
of his windows will show. He has
even gone so far in catering to the
taste of the American visitor as to es
tablish in our midst that un-English
institution, the soda fountain. Tailors,
tobacconists, "dry goods" merchants
all combine to confirm the verdict that
London is "the best and cheapest
shopping-place in the world.1*
years ago an Englishman in America*
happening to enter into conversation
with a negro schoolteacher, learned
that one of the keenest desires of her
life was to see London, and that she
especially wanted to visit every place
that was connected with the characters
Places of Special Interest
Many Americans, again, spend Indus
trious days In hunting up buildings that
have some historic connection with the
foundation and early development of
their own communities. There is a
long list of churches where eminent
Americans of the colonial period were
baptised: William Penn, at All Hal
lows, Barking Roger Williams at St.
Sepulchere's Calvert, the founder of
Maryland, at St Giles-ln-the-Plelds
General Oglethorpe, the founder of
Georgia, at Martln's-ln-the-Plelds and
John Harvard at St. Saviour's Cathe
dral, Southwark, where the incident is
now commemorated by a memorial
window. St Ethelburga's Is of inter
est as the church where Henry Hud
son and his crew are reported to have
made their last communion the night
before they sailed. The house In New
man street occupied by Benjamin
West may be quoted as an example
of many buildings whose associations
appeal to American visitors almost ex
It would be quite a mistake, how
ever, to suppose that to the American
London serves no other purpose than
to make more vivid what he has learn
ed at school. However diligent he
may be in following up Its historical
and literary associations, he finds time
to sample its lighter sideIts theaters
and other entertainments, and its so
cial festivities, in so far as he has
access to them. Even that ornament
of the American-learned world, Dr. An
drew D. White, the late president of
Cornell university, records in his au
tobiography how, after working In the
British museum, he found refreshment
in an evening at Maskelyne and
Cooke's "great temple of jugglery."
Yet after all, as Oliver Wendell
Holmes puts It "the great sight is Lon-
don." In the old days, before the era
of motor traffic, nothing could beat the
top of a horse-dtawn 'bus as a means
of regaling oneself with the ever-chang
ing panorama of the streets, and, al
though the petrol engine has banished
the more leisurely progress of that
time, an outside seat on a *bus remains
unrivaled as a point from which to
observe the everyday life of the city.
The streets themselves Impress aa
American with their tidiness. Their
paving is kept in good repair, and they
are free from the litter that disfigures
important thoroughfares la New York.
8ome of the Exceptions.
As a rule, the American in London
means to have a good time, and gets
It There are, of course, exceptions
people who lack the gifts of sympathy
and Imagination, and who accordingly
miss all that is of unique Interest in
the scenes they visit A man of this
type was once, it is said, standing on
the Terrace of the House of Com
mons and bragging about the glories
of some river In his own state. It was
a much finer river than the Thames
cleaner, wider, and so on. John Burns
happened to be close by and could not
stand it "Do yon know, sir," he broke
in, "what that brown river is? It's
liquid history." But that narrow-mind
ed provincialism Is not the prevailing
mental attitude of cultivated Ameri
cans. On the contrary, the Impact of
London upon them would more faith
fully be expressed by the passage in
which James Russell Lowell, under a
different figure, emphasised that sense
of historic continuity which appealed
so strongly to John Burns.
"One thing about London," he said,
'impresses me beyond any other sound
I have ever heard, and that is the low
unceasing rear one hears always In the
air It Is not a mere accident like a
tempest or a cataract but It is impres
sive, because it always Indicates hu
man will, and Impulse and conscious
movement and I confess that when I
hear it I almost feel as If I were lis
tening to the roaring loom of time."
Chicago's Battling Dan Loves a Fight and Gets Two
Yates, no address, makes a specialty of fighting policemen.
If there is anything in particular that Dan loves it is, to maul a copper.
They didn't know that up in Hinton G. Clabaugh's office, and thereby hangs a
tale of much action. Albert Smith,
special officer for the Rock Island, Who
took Dan In tow in Hinky Dink's port
of call, weighs 255 pounds. Also Op
erative Sweepe weighs 319, and is
agile, yet Dan Yates himself is no
slouch, about 6 feet 3.
It was Al's busy day. He had
just turned in a report on a cache of
barreled boose, and the revenue depart
ment had made the guilty man pay
$3,000 revenue and penalty after dig
ging the stuff up. Now, Hfnky's was
a safe haven for those who sought to escape the rigors of shoveling snow.
Dan, fighter of policemen, was there, and, witnesses saifh, was cursing
certain persons named Wilson, Hoover, and McAdoo in no uncertain terms.
He reviled them individually and collectively in rare words. Albert Smith,
fresh from one victory, put the comealongs upon Dan and he landed In the
They had got the search of him just as far as a bottle of heroin when
Dan cut loose. My, but he cut loose! In a. flash a flood of red blood was
spurting from Al's head and his lip shed more.
Dan is all fists In a fight, except his woodsmen's boots, hob-nailed. It
was right brisk! When they pulled 255 plus 319 pounds off of Dan's form he
wore more bracelets than a queen and was storming with his mouth.
Down at Harrison street, where they booked him on a collection of
charges, they searched him again and he tried to whip some mane policemen.
Dan shed cocaine, heroin, bottles of mysterious liquid, and some unidentified
collection of drugs as the skies shed snow.
Dan was the only one thereabout that wasn't damaged much.
"Refined Gentleman Escorts" Available in Gotham
EW YORK.Add to the list of uncommon professions that of the Refined
Gentleman Escort. Ladies or gentlemen escorted to the theater, business
or sightseeing. Excellent references. Rates reasonable. If Jinybody has
a.grudge against fat, self-satisfied old
Father Knickerbocker and would pic
ture him as others see him he would
do well to talk for half an hour or go
with J. Frank Kerrigan, the town's
leading, perhaps its only exponent of
the gentle art of refined gentleman es
corting. After nearly a year's experi
ence with escortable visitors Kerrigan
has summarized the general outside
of little old New York about as fol
Broadway is less attractive than
Main street In Lansing, Mich. Manhattan's Chinatown is slower than the
Celestial colony In Birmingham, Ala. The Bowery is a joke to tourists front
Pueblo, Colo. To anybody from south of Philadelphia or west of Buffalo the
greatest city In the world Is Insufferably tame to the men, at least.
"But New York isn't entirely to blame If men from the short grass don't
always like it," said the gentleman escort. "Most of them belong to town
boosters' clubs back home and come here loaded down with figures intended
to convince us that we are just a few laps behind their own budding
"A gentleman from Indiana wouldn't concedo that Now York has a single
thing that isn't matched in Muncle till I took him to the Aquarium. Then
he had to give in. He had never been BO close to salt water before and wae
forced to admit this exhibition was something new to him."
Detroit Girl Posing as Boy Held Her Job One Year
Tarllllo i the handsomest kind of a boy, with just
bit of debonnalre you must spenk to her ns Miss Frances, for
though yesterday she was a boy, todny she is a girla rather Involved way of
snying that the police discovered her
,/y\^ fjenMknHE ^v to be masquerading.
Frances has the appearance of SI
ruddy-cheeked boy of fourteen years.
No one would think of calling her
"Miss Frances" as she stands there
in a natty brown suit, stylish shoe*
i and jaunty soft hat tipped rakishly
up on one side.
And for a year no one ever did
know. Frances walked the streets of
the city ns an errand boy, she worked
in a grocery owned by B. .1. Worthmnn,
mvl still no one knew or suspected. There wasn't nny task too hard nor
weather too disagreeable and for weeks the grocery man vnlued the services
of a cheerful worker.
Miss Tarlllion seemed somewhat surprised that anyone should be
curious to know just why she preferred to be a boy.
"Why, I can muke much more money ns a boy," she *wld, thrusting hands
in trousers pockets. Her voice Is deep and full, with a pleasing, sonorous
"I would rather drive a car, but this Is no kind of weather for girl to-
be out." Miss Tarlllion is expert in the mysteries of cylinders, transmissions
and other automobile complications.
"I wouldn't be here, either, If It wasn't for some of my friends who knew
me well. It Is probable they tipped off the police. Well and Frances
smiled and there was pride In her success. She had her hair cut In the latest
mode and combed straight back In the manner affected by high sehool lues.
"Oh, yes, my parents know all about It," she said ns unconcerned as if
her escapade were an everyday matter.
Risks His Life to Save Wolfhound From Icy River
W YORK."By golly! That's a fine specimen of dog," exclaimed Patret-
McCnrthy, as a wolfhound trotted up and down In front of the Penn-
sylvania ferry house at Cortlandt street. The blueeoat addressed the remark
to Joseph Cane, a Staten Island ship
worker, who stood near.
Cane, a friend of the patrolman,
has deep regard for his opinions.
"Well, Mac," said he, "If yon think
the dog's a good one, he's worth hav-
So Cane ran for the dog and the
dog ran for the ferry house. Down th*
pier they went, dodging In and out
among trucks and motorcars. The fer
ry boat Chicago was just pulling out.
She was only a yard or two away when
the dog reached the end of the slip hard pressed by Cane. Hasty decision,
between leaping for the boat and falling into his pursuer's bands was neces-
sary, and the clog chose the former course. The leap fell short, however, and
the boat drew out. leaving the dog standing on a cake of ice in the water.
Seeing the animal's plight, the Chicago's captain stopped his boat and
backed up. A deckhand lassoed the dog, but the latter wrl/vied out of the
noose. A crowd gathered and watched the dog struggling In the water amid
the Ire. After desperate efforts he reached the end of the slip rnck and
pawed at it, vainly trying to ellmh. Cape went out on the top of the rack,
dropped between the piles nnd pulled the do out of the water.
Climbing with great difficulty to the top of the slippery rack. Cane swung
the big dog to his shoulders and. amid yells of approval from the folk on
boat end shore, slowly retraced his steps.
The dog was taken to the house of Engine No. 6 at 113 Liberty street to
await his owner. On his collar was a French license tag with the Inscription.:
"T. N. Planter, Hotel Bristol, Pari*."
The dog was smadated, Indicating that he had L*n without food
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