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ai Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. 6US H. BEAULIEU, Founder, Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. Entered, at the Postofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the iecond class. SUBSCRIPTION: SI.50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE Shoot the Spies and Hang the Traitors, especially those of the Hun stripe, and devote the vast sum of money which is employed for their board and keep during their holiday internment to the benefit of the Ked Cross. Abolish the Indian Bureau and enlist its 7,000 or more employees in the more needed service of the Army and Navy. This step would materially relieve the Red Man's Burden, cork up a big leak in their tribal funds and save the Nation millions of dollars which could be appropriated to a more creditable purpose. The Jurisdictional Bill. The bill now before Congress to enable the Chippewas of Minnesn ta to appear in the Court of Claims to secure rights which the Depart ment of the Interior has on cer tain points long deni'd, $$d '-n others has neglected, is a recogni tion of fair play. Congress still has not been blameless in one res pect, for the taking of certain Ian Is for a forest reserve, and Star Is: land, without provision for pay ment therefor was, to say the bast, arbitrary. Attention was frequent ly drawn to the incicents by locil and general councils and hereto fore without effect. The present Congress however has nobly rectified past mistakes, or will have done so when the Juris dictional bill has become a law. We see no reason why the House Indian Committee should not re port favorably and the bill passed in the House. The Senate should speedily endorse and pass the' bill so as to permit the Chippewas to enter into the Court of Claims within the year mentioned in the bill. The bill has in mind forestry lands and Star Island, but does not specify claims arisiug otherwise. We have just claims against the federal government for granted to the State of Minnesota both swamp and so called scboo lands within the boundaries of un cede.d territor,y. ion under the recognized principle of ownership through occupancy ^H^Ji^A GO,of White Earth Agency, Minnesota. A Wise Decision. According to reports Who Foots The Indian Bill. Somehow most people get it into thoir heads that the people of the United States, through Congress, each year take twelve millions of dollars out of the Treasury and give it to the Indians, or to "agents" who "look after and civilize the Indians." It is never quite generally known that millions of Indian money is used to pay for the administration the of tribal affairs, and that the Gov ernment makes the Indians pay for the System that rules them, whenever it can. It is sometimes os sight of that much of the lands money appointed by Congress is simply in payment of treaty funds The'state came into possession of and contracts made by the United The state came into possession ui uu wumav wuumigniuu *"j ^nuo^ .i^u land under the Land i.irint Act, States and which the Government and it is our firm coviction that no appropriated a bill was prepared title is stronger. We evidently have no claims against tha Stat, and of, course cannot regaiu title but *ve are en titled to remuneration at least to $1.25 per acre iu accordance with the terms of the Nelson Act of 1889. If the bill passes we trusnt that, li:i The Chippewas were in possess- tration is the case of the Ute Six I deemed it for the best interests had ever served them. The Utes had this money taken out of their -neral Council to meet this I speaking the Ked Man pays in onejof these Indians to a higher civili- summer will instruct the attorney way or another,but does he real- to be ippointed to sue for value of ly get what he wants? principals of the paper, trying to school and swamp lands as well us i Considering the quahty of persuade them that their conduct those of forestrv. "sustenance," the foetid civiiiza would lead to bad results, but We have ro doubt but this will! tion and the grade of the "employ- their conduct was defiant and their W^ne and option of i*A made ees" the Indian is given, doesn't demands wore such, if complied aVthis lime onlv with theintention it seem like a hideous crime to with, would entirely subvert and of informing the people at hr,. of make him pay for these what|render void all regu,ati&ns and che claims we have, andt.be care- should only bo paid for smitary orders emenating from the Hon. ul upon the several reservations &faT to send delegates who shall be men trial training and decently civilized of information and persistent in employees? effort. And still the These delegates should be men still the Red Men foot the bill. intelligence and sobriety, men who will give every hour to the performance of duty. TUB TOMAHAWKn wr wn xxr i *i ii *,u of the Indians," and officials of toe Washington the comptroller of the Treasury has held "that the ap proval of an account by the Presi .n -1 ,u0_ stormy debut of its predecessor, dent of the General Council when J: n properly certified to by the See.re tary of the General Council and presented to the Department, leaves the Department nothing to do with it except to pay the same." The Department has all along contended otherwise, holding itself to be the scrutinizing eye over item of expenditure of a special appropriation for the use of the General Council. It has been humilating to the officials and delegates from the several agencies to be compelled to appear hat in hand asking an agent for transportation and sub sistence when a General Council was to be held, and to be he down like infants for reports of inciden tal expenses. A parallel would be a mother giving a child a bag of candy and telling a nurse to take charge of the sweets and to report on the manner of mastication. We believe it can be safely left to the Council to determine for itself regarding expenditures, and we further believe that the _ex- ecutive committee will always act prudently and economically if the Council is left to judge upon its own expenses. THE PROGRESS, thei is therefore, bound to pay. An example of how the Indians are made to pay for the adminis- opinion, become self supporting. Million Dollar fund, of the 1910 of the service to notify these part settlement. When the money was ies to withold its publication until a license or permit could be ob tained from the Hon. Commission er of Indian Affairs. The malign ant and vindicative spirit with which these persons are actuated itemizing every dollar and every cent ever paid out by the Govern ment for the administration, sup port, sustenance, etc., of these In dians and charging for the salaries would, in my opinion, with the aid of every and all employees that Gf fund. They paid it Generally^.s THE TOMAHAWK Truth robbery goes on, American Indian Magazine. Memories of Yesterday. takes occasion writte by "gardiau to prinet certain correspondence from Indian Bureau, some thirty two years ago, and concerning the and whici finally terminated in the triumphant and permanent establishment of free speech and a free press on the White Earth reservation and this contrary to the' prescribed limits advocated and dictated by the imperious, egotistic minions of the Indian Bureau. "Tempora mu tanture, et nos mutamur in illis!" how about the "rules and regula tions,' of the Indian Bureau? White Earth, Minn March 23rd, 1886. Hon. Jno. D. C. Atkins, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. SIR: Referring to my letter to the Department under date of this day, I have the honor to enclose here with a copy of Gustavus H. Beau lieu to me in reply to mine, a copy of which was enclosed in letter of above date. 1 have placed a guard over the press and have ordered that they be not allowed to pcint, publish or circulate su(5h a newspaper until the Hon. Commissioner of Indian Affairs be informed of the situation and his reply returned. I respect fully request that the Department give me instructions at an early day. Very respectfully, (signed) T. J. Sheehan, U. S. Ind. Agent. White Earth, Minn., March 23rd, ,1886. Hon. Jno., D. C. Atkins, Com'r. of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith a copy of paper served on Gustavus H. Beau lieu and Theodore II. Beaulieu, Mississippi half-breeds who purchased a print ing press and material and pro posed establishing a newspaper on the White Earth reservation. Having learned from various re liable sources that their main ob ject was to publish scurrilous at tacks on the Agent. Court of In dian Offenses, and my employees who mightn froi displeasure and not for an honest livlihood as such a paper here could not possibly, in my this paper, neutralize all the good the Department would be able to do with all the resources at it command for the advancement Mtion. and nourishing food, real indos- Secretary of the Interior and the I calmly talked with the predecessor, any cause incur Hon. Commissioner Indian Affairs for my guidance in the who took part in this near tragic management of the affairs of this agency. I would be gratified if the Department would telegraph to Gen'l. Heth, (ex-confederate officer, who was Indian Inspector at this agency at the time), to in vestigate this affair and make his report on the same as it would consume but little of his time by so doing. Very respectfully, (signed) T. J. Sheehan, IP. S. Ind. Agent. That the U. S. Indian ageut had a most subservient tool and ally, to assist him in promoting his ne farious designs and persecution of the publisher and edtior of THE PROGRESS, in -the person of Gen'l. Heth, U. S. Indian Inspect or, is manifestly evidenced in the following excerpt from a letter or report submitted by him to the Indian Commissioner, under date of April 1st, 1886: "The newspaper, which the Beaulieus, mixed blood Chippe was, who are wonderfully cunning and shrewd, wished to print at this agency was, I believe, in the in terest of certain individuals who are a part and ptrcel of a combina tion and what is known as the "Pine King." Col. Sheehan very properly, in my estimation, sup pressed the publication of this paper until action was had by the Indian Department." As THE TOMAHAWK is not actu ated by any sinister motives in publishing the correspondence con TUB PROORKSS, like Vw0mmm*0*m0imm0mkim**m0m0mm of the dead, as most of the actors drama, have long since gone to their reward, criticism, though richly deserved, is witheld, suffice to say however, that the many long years which have come and gone since these stirring, history-making epochs took place, many changes have transpired progressively speaking, and the original slogan of THE PROGRESS, "A Higher Civilization The Maintenance of Law and Order," has developed into assured facts while the names of its servile detractors are but the fading memories of yesterday. In another issue we will publish an article treating of the law suit which was instituted by the pub lishers of THE PROGRESS against the Indian agent and which result ed in favor of the pugnacious In dian journalists. Read THE TOMAHAWK, $1.50. If half the reports,heard about the village, concerning the scanty earning the stormy birth of its qgpd&ipo/ind the poorly cooked food served on the pupils' tables wise out of respect for the memory are true then matters must "be THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET, TheB.L. Fairbanks Company White Earth, flinnesota. Published in behalf of, and to secure the we/fare of the Indians of the United States. 52 issues What is the Matter? "The Indian School at White Earth seems to have a hard time keeping the boys in school. Two of them came to town early yester day morning. The reason they left was mainly on account of the short and improperly prepared food dished out to them, according to their side of it.Mahuomen Free Press." than bad." A daily diet of half cooked beans, raw, soggy bread, butterless, sugarless, milk less and washed down with a sloppy liquid, slightiy sweetened, once a day, at breakfast is about on a par with the meagre daily fare of the Kaiser's war prisoners and it's no wonder that many of the pupils cherish a longing, lingering to "go back to mama." From reliable sources it is learned that the sup erintendent and principal of the school are paid a combined salary amounting to about $3,300 a year, and which sums are derived from the Chippewa tribal and treaty funds. Nowadays Jbe saying pre vails that the public is being Hooverized," on the food ques tion. However an amendment to this stereotyped phrase might be applied to reported pupil food con ditions at the agency boarding school and applied something like "Cato-sells-ized and Merritt-ized" instead. Furthermore, a school that re quires the combined service of its subordinates coupled with the agency polico force to keep its pupils "at home" in order to mus ter up a fair daily attendance be speaks but little credit for the auspices which controls its affairs, likewise a very costly and burden some system for the Chippewas to support. subscription. *m# IIIMWI tmmwm www www** w* When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in iirne to that 1?