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Under the leadership of John G. Morrison, Jr., President of the Chippewa General Council, the Legislative Committee last Decem ber commenced a systematic inves tigation of all the affairs of the Chippewa' Tribe The result of that investigation Jwas embodied in a letter dated January 2, 1918, ad dressed to Cato Sells, Commission er of Indian Affairs, and which was printed in the Congressional Rec ord of January 21, 1918. The dele gation in that letter set out in plain language the exact situation pre vailing among the Chippewa In dians the violations by the Indian Bureau of their rights recured to them under their former treaties and the agreement of 1889,' the great losses the tribe had sustained as the result of the maladministra tion of iheir property by the In dian Bureau officials, the inexcus able waste of their trust funds by the Indian Bureau and the denial to their members of their lawful property rights by the Indian Bu reau employees in Minnesota. Un der date of Jau. 14, 1918, Commix sioner Sells acknowledged .receipt of the letter from the Legislative Committee, told them that he had read and carefully considered their letter, told them about the great things he was doing for the Chip pewa people, (which were purely visionary) and then told them to hurry up and get through with their work here and run on back home like good boys, concluding the letter in these words: "I earnestly wish and will ex pect you to complete your work in this city at the earliest possible date and that you soon advise me as to when you will be ready to return home." In this manner the Indian Bureau has been dealing with the Indians who have come to Washington fr.'in time immemorial, and, strange to say. the representatives of the Indians' have heretofore meekly submitted and obeyed. Th members of the Legislative Com mi-tee of the Chippewa Generai Cjunc: whenkhey read the Com rois-ioners le'ter determined U, vy- Justice and Fait/Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. y$4+ Giiippowa Legislative Committee Makes Great Progress In Adjusting The Affairs Of The Chippewa People. Senator Kellogg and Congressmen Knutson, Steenerson, Miller and Ellsworth See to it that the phlppewa Indians Get a Square Deal From tee Indian Bureau. Washington, D. March 29, 1918. SPECIAL TO TIV TOMAXIAWK. Great things have been occuring in Washington during the last week relative to the affairs of the Chip pewa Inch ns. The obsolete and antiquated system of the Indian Bureau heretofore steadfastly ad hered to in. its management of the affairs of the Chippewa Indians has suddenly gone into the discard and the Chippewa Indians may expect within a very short time radical changes that will lift from thorn them forever the oppressive hand of the Indian Bureau employees that has heretofore been so ru:h lessly laid upon them. The men primarily responsible for the changes now being made and which are to occur are Senator Kellogg and Representatives Knut son, Steenerson, Miller and Ells worth of Minnesota. The men who are indirectly responsible are the members of the Legislative Com miueeof the Chippewa General Council. sent home without accomplishing anything at the mere behest of the Commissioner. Instead of going home they prepared another letter, more drastic than the previous one sent the Commissioner and deal ing with greater particularity with the abuses existing among their people and delivered this communi cation to Assistant Secretary Hop kins who handles all Indian matters in the Secretary's Office. This let ter was dated Feb. 18, 1918, and was nearly fifty pages in length. Secretary Hopkins,' who, by the way, is from Wyoming, was im pressed with the statements made andyafter going over the communi cation carefully called on the In dian Office for an explanation. The Indian office was forced to concede justice of many of the complaints and promised refrora, but denied the majority of the charges and sought in an elaborate reply to justify the policy of the Indian Bureau and conduct of the Indian Bureau employees. The defense of the Indian Bureau was transmitted to the Legislative Committee in a communication from Secretary Hopkins dated March 12,1918. Ou Mar#brl8, 1918, the Legislative Committee replied to the Secre tar.y's communication. Two sen tehees from that letter are worth repeating here. The committee said to the Secretary: "The matter has simmered down to this: Either we arc deliberately misrepresenting ihe facts to you or the officers of the Indian Bureau are ignorant of the situation pre vailing in our country, and if not ignorant then they are deliberating deceiving you. Upon the questions of administration hereinafter dealt with we call for a show down. If we don't make gocd ^e are no longer entitled to your confidence or respect, if we do make good our people should be afforded immed iate relief and the men who are responsible for the conditions ex isting should be dismissed from the public service." This communication covered 32 pages' of typewriting. Every charge heretofore made against the Indian Bureau and its employees in Minnesota was emphatically reiter ated and reasserted and proof sub mitted to substantiate the previous charges. The Indian Bureau was again called upon for an explana tion by Secretary Hopkins. About this time Senator Kellogg took up the annual expenditure of $185,000 of the trust funds for the alleged "support and civilization of the Chippewa Indians" with Secretary Lane. Senator Kellogg is a man of but few words but quick to act He is the embodiment of honor and will not tolerate im position or crooked dealing. Sec retary Lane asked Senator Kellogg to take up with the Indian Bureau officials the question of the neces sity of the appropriation of $185,- 000 from the trust funds for the alleged support and civilization of the Chippewa Indians during the next fi-cal year. Senator Kellogg accompanied by Representatives Knutson and Steenerson went to the Indian Bureau and saw Assist ant Commissioner Merritt. Mr. |eidj isW&i'' fo( fc conllna io chow the Commissioners Umce i I tlvtt thev coal-i not be brushed the appropriation. Senator Kel-| coming from the division of the aiiJe with thai, kind of talk and! THE TOMAHAWK and Steenerson bluntly told Mr. Merritt that these appropriations had to frtop. They explained that there were not over 3,000 of the 11,000 members of the Chippewa Tribe in Minnesota that could pos sibly be classed as "incompetents" that every one of these people had an income either from per capita payments or their allotments that one fourth of the interest money, now amounting to about $76,00 per annum was available for the educa of about 600 Indian children attending the Indian day and board ing schools that last year the In dian Bureau spent o.i the Indian school service now being maintain ed in Minnesota for the benefit of about 3,000 Indians nearly $375,- 000, or over $1,000 per head for every person who can properly be classed as an incompent. It was pointed out that for the support and civilization of 500 Indians in other states Congress annually ap propriates about $1,000 and that the time had come to call a halt of these profligate expenditures in Minnesota. The Indian Bureau officials then earnstly pleaded for an appropriation this year of $175,- 000 promising that if they were given this amount from the trust fund the service would be greatly reduced during the next year, and that immediate reforms would be put into practice. Realizing that the great system, built up by the Indian Bureau in Minnesota, could not be abruptly terminated with out possibly causing serious incon venience to some of the Indians, Senator Kellogg consented to con tinue the appropriation this year, reducing?it, however, from $185,- innervations, except the White 000 to $175,000, with the distinct un derstanding that it was to be great ly reduced next year or discontin ued entirely. Wheu the Indian bill came before the Senate for consid eration Senator Kellogg cut down the appropriation $10,000 and in serted a provision directing the advancement of any case pending in any United States Court involv ing validity of the expenditure of any cf the trust funds of the Chip pewa Indians and a provision that in the event the courts should hold that the $185,000 appropriated, or any part thereof was not being ex pended for the purposes for which the fund wa created, the amount improperly expended should be immediately reimbursed to the In dians, and an amount sufficient to reimburse the fund is appropriated. These provisions are not to the liking of the Indian Bureau as they will permit a determination of the validity of the expenditures here tofore made from the trui^ funds for the payment of the regular employees of the Indian Bureau. Senator Kellogg also introduced a bill* conferring jurisdiction on the Coprt of Claims to ascertain the entire amount of trust funds here tofore appropriated by Congress and expended by the Indian Bu reau, the purposes for which they were appropriated and expended and authorizing the Court to enter judgment against the United States for any amount expended in viola tion of the terms of the agreement of 1889. This bill will undoubtedly become a law within the next year, and may mean the recovery of a very large sum of money for the Cbippewas. The jolts the Indian Bureau re ceived from the Minnesota delega tion at the Capitol and from Sec retary Hopkins caused a sudden change. Orders have been issued to immediately pay to all heads of families interest money belonging to their children and withheld from the parents, Ail moneys standing credi logg and Rcpresentativee Knutson one-fourth of the principal fund miooT cbMre are to be paid,to every parent who has been or may hereafter be ap pointed legal guardian for his children. Sufficient of these funds are to be immediately advanced to any parent who desires the same for the purchase of seed, farming implements and necessary live stock to put in crops this year. Until this order was issued Supt. Hinton and the other superintend ents, in conformity with the policy of the Indian Bureau, had been denying the use of these funds to the parents for such purposes. If any parent needs the funds of his or her minor children for the pur chase of seed, live stock, or farm ing implements in order to put in crops this year and he or she will write to John Carl, Frank Beaul leu, os Henry Warren, members of the Legislative Committee, Chippewa General Council, Na tional Hotel, Washington, D. stating the exact facts, the Com mittee will see to it that the money is forthcoming. The committee has also taken up with Secretary Hopkins the ques tion of the right of new born children to enrollment and to par ticipation in the interest payments and in future divisions cf the principal fund. The Indian Office has been holding that children "born APART from the tribe and who have never once sustained tribal relations" are not entitled to enrollment or participation in the division of the principal fund. The Chippewa Tribe was practically dissolvod as a tribe by the agree ment of 1889. By this agreement all the lands included in all the Earth and Red Lake Reservations, were ceded to the United States. The Red Lake Reservation has been greatly reduced and the White Earth Reservation has been oracti cally all allotted. Under the rul ing of the Indian Bureau all child ren born off the Red Lake Reser vation, which is the only reserva tion remaining, would be excluded from participation in the interest payments and in the division of the principal fund. This is in violation of the ox press terms of the agree ment of 1889. The delegation has protested against this ruling and through their attorney, Webster Ballinger, they have filed a peti tion with the Department to have the ruling of the Indian Bureau rescinded and all children hereto fore denied their lawful rights restored to the rolls. The Legisla tive 'Committee asks all parents who have had children who have been denied enrollment to com municate immediately with Mr. Frank D. Beaulieu, member of the Legislative Committee, White Earth, Minnesota, Mr. Beaulieu has been assigned this work. The matter is an important one to all the Chippewa Indians and those whose children have been denied or who have notice from the De partment to show cause why their children's names should not be stricken from the rolls should com municate with Mr. Beaulieu with out delay. Hearing on the jurisdictional bill referring all the claims of the Chip pewa Indians to the Court of Claims will be held within the next few days. The Indian Bureau is determined, if possible, to prevent the Indians from seeming the de termination of the more im pott- When you want the best White Earth, In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. WcVe right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you.may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. TheB.L. Fairbanks Company, Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the (n rfifjgi got the Unitrrrf States. Wo. SO, ant claims by the court, but it is safe to say that Senator Kellogg and Congressmen Knutson, Steen erson, Miller aud Ellsworth will see to it that the jurisdictional bill when passed will confer jurisdic tion ou the Court of Claims to fairly determine every just claim the Chippewa Indians have against the United States. Frank D. Beaulieu will leave for home next Tuesday. He has rend ered valuable services while in Washington to the Chippewa In dians. John Carl and Henry Warren will remain and look after the affairs of the tribe. The weekly developments with reference to Chippewa matters at Washington will be set out in each issue of THE TOMAHAWK, and all members of the tribe who desire to keep fully advised of developments with reference to the tribal prop erty and affairs should immediately subscribe for THE TOMAHAWK, as it is the only paper that fully covers these developments. Deafness Cannot Be Cured by local application*, n they c.nnnot roach the diaeanpil portion ot thr ar There la only one wr.j to cure leafni nt:fi that la by conatitu'lnnal remrdlea Denfneaa la cnuaed by un inllaiiM cl condition of the mu cous llnlnc of the HiiaUchinn Tube. When thin tube ia lntlametl you :.$'- a rumbling aound or Impelled hearing, and when It la entirely doted, beafneaa la the result, and unlcaa the tnflatninr.tlon can b.i taken out and thifc tube restored to Ita normal condi tion, henring will be deatroved forever nine caaea out of ten are cauaed by Ca'nrrh. which la nothing but an inflamed condition of the mnooua ..urfacea. We will give One Hui.dred Di llara for any caae of Draf*iea Oftueed ry c.itarrh) that cannot be cured by Haifa Catarrh Cur*. Send for clroulqra, free. F. .T. CHENEY 4k CO., Toledo. Ohln. Sold by Drugjlata. 76c Take Haii'a Family Pllli for conatlpatfoa. Read THE TOMAHAWK, 52 issues $1.50. ifcifcllfc Thf mfrifrTfr fmik IWf Iktk' /linnesota.