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Sufficient Food Is Being Held in Reserve to Take Care of Home Needs First Tfeeee are the days of sharing, not hoarding. No one can live unto himself alone in time of national peril. The nation's own food needs at this critical time are being carefully safeguarded. There is enough food being held in reserve to allay any fear on that score. Our own people will be fed first. But there is no quicker way to empty our warehouses than to buy in undue quantities. It was recently discovered by a certain federal food administrator that some of the farmers in his state had from three to four years' supply of flour laid away. Suppose every family in America were to hoard this much flour. Picture what that would do to the total annual supply of that universally U6ed commodity, which in 1917 was 66,065,509 barrels. The food administration is prohibiting all hoarding of food supplies on the part of dealers. No licensed dealer is permitted to hold food stores in excess of what are reasonable requirements for a period of 60 days. All this is being done to protect the individual. Therefore there is no need for individual hoarding and no real American can be so unpa- triotic as to block the normal flow of food supplies in this crisis by holding back more than he actually needs for Ids current use. Remember these are days of sharing. A common fate awaits us. The winning of this war is the one goal set by us all. To make the food supply hold out for the coming months means mutual saving and mutual sharing not hoarding one from the other. Make Your Own Sugar By the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture By the use of ordinary kitchen equipment many people are In a posi tion to make up the average of 81 pounds of sugar, which Is the average each person In the United States used Vist year. A few sugar maple trees, well-kept colonies of beos, a hundred feet of sugar beets raised in the gar den, or a small patch of sweet sor ghum, and surplus apples which might go to waste unless made into apple sirup may each be made to contribute to the sugar supply. The present limited sugar supply can be Increased If many more families, In regions where the sugar maple grows, would each make maple sirup or sugar from ten or more maple trees. Ten trees, under ordinary conditions, can be expected to yield about four gal lons of sirup or thirty pounds of sugar. Maple sugar making Is an art the pioneer settlers of America learned from the Indians and for years It has been a home and farm Industry. The process Is not so complicated that any one who has the opportunity need hesi tate to try It. Find a sugar maple tree ten or more Inches In diameter bore a hole three-eights of an Inch or slightly more In diameter Insert a metal spout or one made by punching the pith from a section of elder set a bucket under It that the snp may collect boll this down In a kettle or shallow pan on kitchen stove to the proper density for maple sirup. If sugar Is preferred, boll It down further until It Is quite thick, taking care that it does not burn, and let It crystallize. "Sugar weather" often starts by the middle of February In the southern part of the sugar maple region., The first sap is sweetest. There Is no time to be lost In talking get ready to take advantage of the first warm, sunny days. "Old timers" say the out look Is good for a good sugar sea son. Prediction That Whiskers May Be Fad After the War t London newspapers are predicting the full beard will come Into fashion both In Europe and America as a re sult of the war. War always has In fluenced the style of whiskers, ob serves the Louisville Courier, even In the time of Alexander the Great, who required his soldiers to shave off their beards because a beard was a handle which nn enemy could seize. The Crimean war In the fifties brought the full beard into fashion again. In the campaign British sol diers spent months In the trenches where they hnd no chance to shave. Their beards grew and grew and they wore them when they returned to England. The English papers say that many soldiers coming home from the trenches are bearded, and, unless pre cedents fall, the full beard Is go tag to come Into fashion again. Should our American troops return from the war with beards, we may look for that fashion to become prevalent again In America as it did after the Civil war. Coal Gas for Motor Fuel. Probably the first motor car in America to use coal gas as fuel is a New York machine that has an 8 by 45-tnch steel tank mounted on one of Its running boards, says the Popular Mechanics Magazine. The cylinder, when charged to a pressure of about 2,000 pounds to the square inch, car ties sufficient fuel to drive the ma chine about one hundred and twenty miles. For automobile propulsion, eapressed gas at 80 cents a thou sand feet Is said to be about 25 per cent cheaper than gasoline at 28 cents a gallon. This comparison is based oa arileafe rattier than thermal units. How Red Cross Workers Are Now Knitting Two Socks at Same Time for Army Boys Knitting two socks at one time is an achievement every war knitter would like to be equal to. Some of the Red Cross shops are passing the news around that it can be done. The dis covery was credited to a Sydney, Aus tralia, workshop. This shop Increased its output from 50,000 pairs of socks one month to 70,000 pairs the next by knitting "twins." M'ss Brown, who came to this country to Impart the di rections to our Red Cross, gives the following Instructions on knitting twin socks: "The purling for the top of the socks is knit separate. When one is finished take it off with a darning needle on to a heavy cord. When the other Is fin ished slip the first one inside the sec ond one, from the top, and with the knitting needle take up from first one and then the other, alternating, begin ning with the first stitch from the needle and ending with the last stitch from the one on the cord. Hold the sock toward you, purling the first stitch, which Is from the sock that was on the needle, and knitting the second stitch from the one that was on the cord proceed with the first purl and then knit, holding the thread over the first finger for kuittlng, and soon you will acquire a rhythm. "When you get to the heels take off as in nny sock. As you turn your heel always purl the one next to you and knit the other. To narrow take first and third stitch, purl them and slip the needle out, which leaves one stitch from the opposite sock, which slip onto your needle and narrow knitting. There is no slip and bind In this sock. When finished slip the needles out and tuke up your separate socks and bind off. In purling never put your thread over always keep it toward you, as if you are purling back on your heel." The teacher snld that after knitting three pairs one would become as effi cient as in knitting the single sock. ._ ---------AJ.AiirlniiliiliiliiIiitiiliitiii Pl"l l"l 1TI1 I I I I I 1 I 1 I '1"I' I' M"M Notes of Interest Clothing made of pressed feathers as a substitute for wool has been Invented by an Italian priest. A gasoline blow torch supplies the heart for a new cooking stove for campers that cannot be blown out. A pneumatic latch with which a door may be opened from dis tant points has been patented. A new mop for wnshlng auto mobiles has a hollow handle through which water is fed by screwing it to hose. The extermination of all flies is the aim of two British physl- |fr clans who are experimenting with a parasite that kills the In sects. 5 Soldiers Find Texas Cities Quite Like Those Back Home Texnns are greatly pleased to find that United States soldiers from the North and East have so readily fall en into the way of things in the Lone Star state. The battalions encamped there are said to express .great ad mlration for Dallas and other Texas cities, and to admit that they are "something like the cities back home." And they are. That is one of the first discoveries made by anyone who goes from one place to another in the United States, observes the Christian Science Monitor. It becomes monot onous after a while, to find the towns and cities are much alike, but mod ernization has largely done the same kind of things in Europe. Rome is every year growing to look more like London, Paris, and New York. Dal las, Tex., might be situated in Massa chusetts, Illinois, Colorado' or Cali fornia, without exciting comment. And yet there wns distinctive architecture in the different sections of the Ameri can Union not so many years ago. I'm getting sear and old I have passed Life's day of sold. And I'm neanng where the evening breeze Is sighing! Agedear fellow!seems to say: "We have come a long, long way. And there's little left for us that's worth the trying!" We have made our journey by Rocky pathwaysAge and I And we shared whatever Fortune chanced the givingf Happy we have been and glad, Luckless, too, and drear and sad, But we've cheerful been and known the love of living. Now we've reached the end at last. Youth and Happiness are past Tasteless now the cheerful words of sage and poet "You are old." the echoes say Though we're silent on our way. In the hearts of us 'tis very well we know it! Not by gray are we betrayed. Nor our features do they fade It's apparent more in our success at woo ing We can still charm maids of Six} And the "girl" of forty sticks. But the Queen of Twenty-onethere's nothing doing! John D. Wells. Buffalo Evening News. irtrtrtrtttt-trtttrirti'Mttrtt'tt ft& ft ft frfrftftftfl I IT IS TO SMILE I Her Complaint. DoctorYour daughter, madam, is suffering from constitutional inertia. The GirlThere, ma! And you've been saying I was simply lazy. It Depends. Mrs.,Flatbush What does your husband call your dog? Mrs. Benson* hurstWhen he's calling him in the house, do you mean, or chasing him out? Information Limited. "Is this a bureau of information ot is It not?" asked the caustic person. "It's a bureau of Information to a limited extent," replied the clerk. "We are not trying to tell anybody when th war will end." Telescope and Spirit Level Part of Air Raiders' Outfit If bomb be dropped from an air* plane 10,000 feet up, and traveling at speed of 100 miles an hour, it reaches the ground a considerable dis tance ahead of the point at which It was released, and the difficulty of judging how to hit a particular build* Ing is enormous. A machine invented to assist the raiders has been found on a captured Gotha. The main feature, says the London Tit-Bits, Is a telescope hung on gimbals and pointing through the floor of the bomber's compartment-. In connection with this Is a form of spir it level which brings a bubble into the center of a glass disk when the tele scope is vertical, so that the bomber knows when it is in the position that can be trusted. Below the telescope is a prism, so that the image seen is not nn object directly underneath, but at any desired distance ahead, accord ing to the angle at wheh It is set. For instance, if the airplane Is 10,000 feet up, and the speed is such that the bomb must be released half a mile from the object, the prism has to be set at an angle of 15 degrees. Even then the calculation Is liable to error, because the density of different layer* of air may vary. About the Sun. "Sun" is among the words contained In the latest Issued sections of the Oxford English dictionary. Eleven closely printed columns are devoted to it. It Is quite Interesting to find that the kaiser's famous phrase, "Place In the sun," originated with Pascal, who used It to illustrate the beginnings of tyranny. Yet another well-known phrase, "On which the sun never sets," was apparently first used in connection with the Spanish empire 300 years ago. Its first application to the British em pire was made in the way of a joke by Thackeray in the pages of Punch. Christian Science Monitor, THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN. Wild Guess. "Why do they refer to a states- man as a solon?" "The word is derived from the dead languages," answered the man who assumes to know everything, "and refers to a statesman's in stinctive desire to get on a platform and do nn orator- ical solo." Where He Was. Angry WomanMy husband at tempted to strike me. I want to have him arrested. Police CaptainAll right. Where will we find him? Angry WomanIn the emergency hospital. Deference. "Do you think it is proper to use pro fanity to a mule?" "So far as my own feelings are con cerned," declared the expert teamster, 'It is highly improper. But when you are trying to get along with as sensi tive and exacting nn animal as a mule, you've simply got to humor him." Potato Menus Provide for Breakfast, Dinner, Supper Liberty Loan Poster One of the Designs Adopted From Collection Submitted by Noted Artists of the Country Bum iZA^&MjWk, SO THAT GOVERNMENT BY THE PEOPLE,OF THE PEOPLE, AND FOR THE PEOPLE.SHALL NOT PERISH FROM THE EARTH' BACKYARD POULTRY GROWING The city or town man who keeps a small flock of hens not only is saving money but Is helping his country. Every pound of poultry raised and every egg laid releases just so much pork and beef" for our armies and al lies, according to L. W. Burby, poul try husbandman stationed at the ag ricultural college by the United States department of agriculture. Poultry will not*prevent one's grow ing a garden. Twelve hens confined in a pen big enough for exercise and provided with green feed will furnish a goodly number of eggs for food. A packing box and a little poultry net ting are all that Is necessary for build ing a house and run. For egg production a rooster should not be kept, as he is noisy and has a large appetite, but has no Influence on the number of eggs produced. The poultry grower should not de pend too much on table scraps for feeding his poultry, points out Mr. Bur by. Enough feed should be given to keep the birds in good condition and sufficient excess to produce eggs. The hens will eat vegetable peelings and fruit scraps If these are put through, the food chopper and mixed with a little mash. A good mash con sists of four parts of bran, two parts of shorts, and one part of high grade beef scraps, by weight. Plenty of green feed should be used. This cuts down the amount of grain necessary. It is desirable to feed to the poultry the green weeds and thin nings from the garden, also the mis shapen and wormy vegetables, and tough corn, unfit for human consump tion. Use potatoes, urges the United States food administration, making., public a menu which provides pota toes from morning until bedtime. Ilere It Is: BREAKFAST Coranval mush with dates. Potato and meat eak3 (very little meat). Coffee, with milk for children. DINNER Mutton stew. Mnoedoine of vegetables. Boiled potatoes and lettuce salad. SUVPEK Sou? with potato crotons. puffy omelet with tomatoes. Baked potatoes. Scotch fancies and chilled fruit. Potato crotons are made this way: To one cupful of mashed potato add one egg yolk and n*nt well together. Spread half an Inch thick on flat oiled platter and when cold cut In two-inch squares, then each square diagonally to form triangular pieces. Brush over with milk and brown lightly in the oven or in a very little fat In the fry ing pan. '7 Lemons Yield Citric Acid. The production of citric add on a commercial scale from cull lemons has been solved by the United States de partment of agriculture. Citric acid prepared in this way has been sold at a price several cents above the mar wet. Orange pulp for the manufacture of marmalade has been prepared and methods for preparing citrus peel for the market developed by the United states bureau of tfcemlstry. Mm Optical Glass Playing a Big Part in the World Conflict. Needed by All Departments That every field of military endeav or depends upon the supply of optical glass is the statement recently made by Prof. Edward W. Washburn of the department of ceramic engineering at the University of Illinois. "The war could not be conducted without optical glass," said Professor Washburn. "Telescopes, binoculars, of ficers' lenses and photographic plates for army and navy observation pur poses, X-ray bulbs and microscopic lenses for the medical and sanitary corps and many other necessary im plements of a modern army would be struck out if It were not for the cera mic industry," explained the lecturer. "Previous to the war," Professor Washburn said, "Germany manufac tured 100 different kinds of optical glass, an assortment which supplied the whole world. England boasted about twenty varieties of glass. The United States produced none whatever. England's product was not nearly suf ficient to meet the demand of the al lies and Britain found it necessary at the beginning of the war to collect all field glasses and small telescopes own ed by citizens." Doctor Washburn then told how America is meeting the same problem under the direction of a special com mittee on optical glass manufacture. "As a result of activities of this commission," according to Professor Washburn, "American Industry Is now supplying all the optical glass urgent ly needed by the array and navy." Wise and Otherwise. Many a worthless man has good disposition. All typewriters are not types of feminine beauty. That man Is generous to a fault who never corrects It. Laziness isn't exactly a crime, but It is the next thing to It. A double wedding might prop erly be called a four-in-hand tie. It would be pretty tough on some men If others did the right thing by them. Discretion is the salt that pre serves life and fancy is the sugar that sweetens it. Ten "Kultur" Commandments Now Prevailing in Germany 1. Thou shalt make thy God a craven thing and use his name to justify thy own baseness. 2. Thou shalt take his name In vain whenever thy people show unrest. 3. Remember thou, October 12.1916. the glorious day we shot Edith Cn vell. 4. Dishonor thy father and mother by the cruelties to the aged. 5. Thou shalt kill for "me und Gott." 6. Thou shalt make a light thing of all virtue and innocence. 7. Thou shalt steal and pillage all that thine enemy values. S. Thou shalt bear false witness against all. so kultur reign supremo. 9. Thou shalt covet thy neighbor's wife and possess her. 10. Thou shalt covet thy neighbor's goods and seise or destroy them.Salt Lake Tribune. Prison Labor Bill Provides For Use of Inmates of Penal Institutions in Road Making Many state and county administra tions are Utilizing prison labor in road work. Governor Brough of Arkansas has announced that 75 to 100 convicts will be used continuously on road work hi his state. A sentiment is growing in favor of imprisoning all vagrants and placing them at work on county high ways. This method of utilizing pris on labor, where it is conducted under proper conditions, has always had the Indorsement of the national committee on prisons and prison labor, and a pro vision for road building has been in corporated in the prison labor bill. An important feature is that of re quiring the payment of a wage to the prisoner. Such a wage will make it possible for the prisoner to contribute to the support of his dependents and at the same time will prevent unfair competition with free labor. The pas sago of the bill will give impetus to the movement for the employment of prisoners in road work and in other occupations affected by the national emergency. Ever since the United States entered the war the demand for utilizing the prison labor supply confined in the penal and correctional institutions of the country has steadily increased. Re ports made to the national committee on prisons and prison labor show that the demand for this labor comes from practically every organization which has as its purpose some work related to the prosecution of the war. Na tional and state food, fuel, freight, farm and fish commissions are seek ing prison labor. State and county commissions are meeting to discuss the problem. Many of the proposals made will not be realized until the passage in con gress of the prison labor bill intro duced by Senator Hoke Smith of Geor gia and Representative Charles F. Booher of Missouri. This bill has been introduced through the efforts of the national committee on prisons and prison labor and the American Federa tion of Labor to promote the use of prison labor in the war emergency and also to prevent exploitation of the pris oner. Mother's Cook Book The people who Indulge in honeyed phrases seldom have any fear of eating their own words. Lenten dishes this year have no worrlment for the housewife who has been keeping lent all winter by meat less, wheatless, porkless days. Eggs are at present so high that when using them the frugal cook tries to extend them by adding something to the dish which will give bulk and not detract from the attractiveness of it. N One good dish may be made by using rice with egg. Put a quarter of a cup ful of rice well washed into a frying pan with a little sweet chicken fat fry it until yellow, then add some chicken broth or, lacking that any good vegetable liquor which has been saved because of its mineral content. Cook until the rice Is tender, season and stir in three eggs, carefully cook ing, add butter, salt, paprika, and serve as scrambled eggs. This dish will serve five or six people, savin* two or three eggs. Tomato Rarebit. Melt) a tablespoonful of butter in a saucepan when bubbling hot add a tablespoonful of flour when smooth add a cupful of strained tomato and when cooked smooth and thick add a half cupful of grated cheese, a half cupful of milk and a well beaten egg. Stir until the egg sets, season well and serve on graham crackers. French' dressing made as follows1 with thick sweet cream added Is es pecially good with sliced cucumbers: Use three tablespoonfuls of olive oil, one of vinegar, a half teaspoonful of salt, a teaspoonful of powdered sugar, a dash of cayenne pepper, and when well mixed and blended stir in three tablespoonfuls of thick whipped cream. Sour cream may be used. Rye Popovers. Mix and sift together a third of a cupful of rye meal and two-thirds of a cupful of wheat flour add salt, two beaten eggs and one cup of milk mix and fill hot buttered pans bake 40 minutes. Mexican Rice. Fry three pieces of salt pork or ba con until crisp, then add a third of a cupful of rice, four tomatoes, one large pepper and a medium-sized onion, all cut up, and pour over the rice and fat. As it cooks add^vegetable water saved from draining potatoes or other vege tables season well with salt and pep per, add a few dashes of paprika and serve very hot. Spectacles Indicated Riches. Spectacles were invented In Italy. about 1285. They were at first very expensive, and so were worn only by wealthy persons or noblemen, and so came to be regarded as a mark of rank. The larger the spectacles the higher the rank, and so the glasses grew to a prodigious site. There are two or three busts extant of Italian, gentlemen wearing "specs," and one of these cases the lenses are inches In diameter.