How close we draw In thia our time of
An patient comrades in a dedicated land!
Now rich and poor are one In aeK-denlal
The brave North grips the brave South
by the hand.
Bo small It Is, the world that bleeds
8ea-suno%ced folk united In one dream.
Sending thter Best on the crusade that
Their rainbow .banners following the
How old the call of Justice and of Honor
To generous hearts, good men and wom
But with the badge of Righteousness up
AU Freedom armed to conquer War
How great the victory of Peace we strive
In brotherhood, the welding of the free!
At last TOGKTHER one ideal we live
America. England, France, the glorious
Abbie Farwell Brown of The Vigilantes.
Value of Entertainment
of Sc-kfiers Proved When
Band Is Sent From U. S.
A letter recently received In this
country from Col. William Hayward,
former New York public service com
missioner. Illustrating the value of en
tertainment for soldiers, describes the
ensatl6n produced in France by a
negro band from the United States,
whose membership also Included mu
sicians from Cuba and Porio Rico. The
cost of organizing the band and send
ing It to Francs was $10,000, which
wns paid by Daniel G. Held.
When subscriptions were being
raised Mr. Reld was the first man
asked to contribute. He asked the to
tal amount required, and when told
$10,000, he Is said to have remarked:
"I'll pay the whole check."
The band Is headed by Lieutenant
Europe, who before the war days con
ducted the orchestra of the Forty
fourth street theater roof. Colonel
Hayward In his letter also said:
"A lot of things are no fun, and one
year ago I would have thought them
unendurable. But what heathen we
will be when it is all over! I shall
not know how to act In polite society
or what to do with the ordinary para
phernalia of civilization, like toilets,
baths, club chairs. Umbrellas are ob
solete. Do they still have them any
where? Rain means nothing but a
little bitnot muchdeeper mud.
Still nobody has any kick to squeal
about, and all hands are so pleased
to think they weren't left at home out
of this beautiful party that optimism
reigns supreme. Of course we know
absolutely nothing about the war or
how it's going except In our own little
neck of the woods, and really dou't
"Our band Is the most wonderful
thing over here. I don't believe auy
money ever bought as much pleasure
and happiness for'human beings as
did Daniel O. Reld's in this Instance."
trm i i"M"H
Mother's Cook Book I
Every woman who is at all patriotic
these days Is planning, studying and
Inquiring about foods how to feed
the family well on wholesome food and
use the substitutes for flour, meat, fat
and sugar that she Is expected to pro
vide. Those of us who wish to be on
good terms with ourselves must be
especially careful to follow our gov
ernment's requests in regard to food.
Take one cupful of buttermilk or
sour milk, one tablespoonful of sirup,
one egg, two tablespoonfuls of corn
oil or any other vegetable fat a ten
spoonful of soda, two teaspoonfuls
of baking powder, a teaspoonful of
salt, and two cupfuls of sifted barley
flour. Bake in well-greased gem pans
25 minutes In a moderate oven. Bar
ley flour makes excellent pastry with
out the addition of wheat flour. In
using barley when baking powder is
used. Increase the quantity of the bak
ing powder slightly.
Potato Yeast Bread.
Take three cupfuls of hot mashed
potato, firmly packed when measured,
two teaspoonfuls each of salt, fat and
sugar, a half a yeast cake dissolved in
a fourth of a cupful of lukewarm wa
ter, and six cupfuls of wheat flour.
Put a third of a cupful of hot water
with the salt, fat and sugar In a bowl,
add the potato, mix well add the
yeast and one cupful of flour knead
or stir In the flour at first, adding one
cupful at a time it will be very stiff
at the hist, but with good kneading It
will be smooth. The second kneading,
because of the moisture in the potato,
will be soft add no more flour.
When tt is light knead into loaves and
when again light, bake in a moderate
oven one hour. This makes two loaves
of moist palatable bread. And pota
toes contain about 80 per cent water,
if no water is used, four cupfuls of
flour will be sufficient, but It will take
patience to knead it, but the results
will be good.
Pour a cupful of scalded skim iv.ilk
and one cupful of water over a cup
ful of oatmeal let stand until Hike
warm add a tablespoonful of sugar,
a teaspoonful of salt, a half a yeast
cake, and flour to knead. This bread
win rise quickly. Mold Into loaves and
bake In a moderate oven one hour.
This makes two loaves.
WHEN RUSSIA FAILS
By George E. Bowen of* the Vigilantes
Every cause has a weak member.
/Every great faith some Irresponsible
Every strong law some undisciplined
So the world goes on.
Finding success through failure.
How many times have you failed?
Not all of you, part of you.
Yet you couldn't stop.
Neither can the world at war.
Russia is a reminder.
Where Is our personal organization
How much docs Ignorance bold us
Are you surrendering confidence to
Is selfishness blinding us to our
whole human duty?
Are we bedeviled with "cold feet"
and a "hot head?"
We say: "Poor Russia, or rotten
Russia," according to our sympathy or
"We know how Russia feels, because
we've known discord and disorder In
our own heartsbefore the steady
mind took firm control.
Russia Is the world's big example
Don't blame Russia, but avoid Rus
Let's study Russia and stop what
ever In us Is Russian disorder.
Russia Is translating suffering Into
strength, Ignorance Into wisdom, van
ity into sanity.
Probably doing the best she can
blind and broken as she Is.
It Is easy to say: "Take out a czar
and put In a man of the people."
It Is Just as easy to say: "Take out
a carbuncle of corruption and put In
the contentment of perfect health."
It Is an Instant theory an endless
and distressing operation.
So the world waits and struggles,
cursing or praying over the delay and
Russia seems to have been Inevi
tablea chapter of experience the al
lied world had to rend.
Pig Skins, Now Wasted, Good
For Shoes, Finest Saddlery,
And Fancy Leather Articles
There has been an enormous de
crease In cattle and hogs In the United
States and elsewhere. There are 4,-
000,000 fewer hogs in this country than
there were a year ago. Hogs play a
most Important part In the present
crisis. The losses from cholera have
been enormous, and the government Is
sending hog cholera experts into the
states to help in the work of cholera
There Is one source of loss that
should be considered, and It does not
pertain to disease, writes George H.
Glover of the Colorado Agricultural
college. Leather is scarce, and In the
countries that have been the longest In
war, the scarcity of leather Is possibly
causing the most concern. Pig skins
are wasted and they make the finest
of leather. It has been tested, and
found to be highly satisfactory for
shoes and it makes the finest saddle
and fancy leather goods.
The rind on pork chops Is not nec
essary, In the modem methods of cur
ing meats. It is paid for by the con
sumer, is a total loss, and Is a con
stant menace because of the fact that
uncooked pork rinds In garbage spread
Of all the domesticated animals
the hog Is the most.prolific, makes the
greatest gains, provides the greatest
variety of food products, thrives on
the greatest variety of foods and or
dinarily gives the quickest returns on
the Investment. At the present time
nothing should be wasted. Why not
save the pig skin?
A small opening in one side of
a new tobacco pouch enables
pipes to be filled easily without
Italy has been gradually in
creasing its production of lignite
until last year more than 1,500,-
000 tons were mined.
Engineers In Norway are plan
ning to consolidate and unite
several small waterfalls to ob
tain 200,000 hydroelectric horse
power in one plant.
A paper cap has been Invented
to be fastened to the end of a
cigar as It is made to insure its
sanitary condition and also to
serve as an advertising band.
Half Million for Muskrat Skins.
The annual fur auction at St Louts
closed with sales totaling approximate
ly $3,350,000. A let of 710,000 musk
rats brought $500,000. Many of the
skins brought $1.50 each, an average
price for good pelts being 75 cents. A
few years ago muskrat skins sold on
the market as low as 5 cents each, A
collection of beaver brought $25 per
skin and the small lot of marten from
Alaska set a record price of $57 each.
Extraordinarily high prices paid this
year were said to be due to the high
quality of furs. More than 350 buyers
from all parts of the world attended
No use to cry over Russia's spilled
But very Important to prevent a sim
ilar catastrophe In our own lives.
Russia's deficit changes the world
What is our shortage?
Russia's wasn't 100 per. cent.
She's trying mighty hard to get out
of the 50-50 class.
Realizing the ruinous futility of
serving a dozen masters, Russia Is try
ing to become master of herself.
Can we say as much?You and I?
What Is our -little pet personal des
Have we cast it out, in the name of
efficiency and perfect fitness for the
world service calling us?
Russia Is the sore toe of the allied
Makes the whole movement of hu
Has our personal patriotism a sore
toeor a broken arm, or a lost voice?
Is our sympathy bandaged over one
Is our .loyalty punctured?
Is our first duty to humanity a vic
tim of prejudice, procrastination or
Russia Is an awful warning!
The greatest thing In the world to
day is to be right and ready!
That's the least we owe to the Big
Be fit to go forward with the trne
Every man must see his own heart.
Every man must put his mind in or
der to square with the great fact:
Russia has Shown us the way, by
falling down in it.
Today is the day our own soul must
Not half way. Not roundabout. Not
by compromise or contradiction. Not
by secret treaties with our personal
despot. Not by any style of self
TodayWe must go the whole way I
Give up all to win all!
Call it the Day of Consecration
nnd remember Russia!
JUST TO LAUGH
"We must learn to pay no attention
to life's annoyances."
"That's what I'm doing'. I've gotten
so that the alarm clock can ring ev
ery morning without my noticing It."
"Is Ethelinda economising?"
"Yes. The dear girl is a perfect
martyr. The fact that she toes In be
sides being a trifle boWflegged doesn't
prevent her from ,wearing her skirts
just a^ short as anybody's."
A peroxlde-wlgged manicure turned
her "Anna Held" eyes on the patron
before her and asked: "Shall I trim
He smiled back and said: "Well,
you might leave me enough for carfare
"Do your con
that." replied Sen
ator S m.
"But I am mtghty
careful to agree
"Who Is really boss in your homer
Inquired the abrupt person.
"'Well," replied Mr. Meekton. "Of
course, Henrietta assumes command of
the pug dog snd the canary. But I
can say pretty much what I like to the
goldfish." Layout for Vegetable Garden
provides for Family of Five.
Here Is an estimate for the layout of
a vegetable garden to feed a family of
five, requiring a'piece of ground be
tween one-third snd one-half an acre:
Tomatoes, 24 plants peppers and
eggplants, 12 each summer squashes,
5 hills winter squashes, cucumbers,
muskmelons. 6 hills esch watermelons,
3 hills pole lima*, 12 hills.
Other vegetables in lineal feet: Rad
ishes. 10 lettuce. 20 peas, 100 string
beans. 100 dwarf limas, 50 sweet
corn. 400 chard and kale, for family
use, 50 each early potatoes. 100 late
potatoes, 600 cabbage, 150 cauliflow
er, 50 onions, beets and carrots, 200
each celery, 100 parsnips, 125 ruta
bagas. 75 salsify, 100.
For chicken feed: Sunflower, 100
chard and kale, 150 each mangel-war
sel. 200 field corn In rest of available
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MINN.
"There Is one
thing In nature
which human en
terprise has never
"What Is that?"
power of a cold."
Triumphant Return of Seal Hunters
Crew of Schooner After Successful Trip
Into the Ice Floes of the Frozen North
With their tow lines swung over their shoulders, after their day's work
is done and they have earned a well-won rest, the men are dragging their
"fur" in sacks over the snow. Often these crews bring in hauls valued at
$5,000. The seal industry is one of the biggest and each year the output is
greater, and the furs command a higher price.
Rest Rooms For
Rest rooms have been established in
more than 200* counties In the United
States to meet the needs of the coun
try wjman In town on business. They
provide a place, says the United States
department of agriculture, where the
farm woman has a right, without ask
ing any favors, to the use of facilities
for rest and refreshment. They have
been established bjrwomen's rural or
ganizations In eo-operntlon with other
local organizations, with Individuals,
and with village, town, or county au
thorities by business corporations
operating private city markets, and
by individual merchants. Where farm
women's organizations have/beeu in
terested In establishing rest rooms, lo
cal form women's clubs have been able
to arouse the necessary community In
terest In the need for rest rooms to In
sure their financial support. This has
been done through co-operating with
other local farm women's clubs, with
organizations of women in town, with
civic leagues, with chambers of com
merce, and with county agents.
'In co-operating with other clubs In
establishing a rest room, any local
farm woman's club may take the ini
tiative. Opportunity is given at club
meetings for discussing the need for
a rest room, and other local clubs may
be^ asked to arrange similar discus
sions. Such co-operation is facilitated
In rural communities where local clubs
meet together for joint sessions three
or four times a year.
Through their organizations town
and country women have co-operated
In providing rest rooms near railroad
stations, where the waiting-room fa
cilities at the stations were inade
quate. They have co-operated In estab
lishing libraries which provide conve
nient and adequate rest rooms for town
and country women. Aroused commu
nity interset frequently results in se
curing a vacant room In the town hall
county courthouse, public market, or
other public building.
Frequently the county agent, as the
representative of the rural Intersets of
a county, will take the initiative and
secure the co-operation of the cham
ber of commerce or the county commis
Frequently rest rooms are provided
In dry goods stores and In grocery
stores. A rest rom at Kalamazoo.
Mich., has been In use since 1882, and
has become the common meeting place
for country people living in different
directions from the city. The number
of country women dealing with these
busines houses warranted the estab
lishment of rest rooms by the proprie
tors to meet the needs of their cus
An act of congress of October 8.
MM7, provided that from and after its
passage "the rate of pension for a wid
ow of an officer or enlisted man of the
army. luvry or marine corps of the Unit
ed States who served in the Civil war.
the war with Spain, or the Philippine
Insurrection, now on the pension roll
or hereafter to be placet* on the pec
slon roll, and entitled to receive a less
rate than hereinafter provided, shall!
be construed tc? affect the additional
allowance provided by existing pension
laws on account of a helpless child or
child under sixteen years of age." This
law made $23 a month the uniform
rate for all soldiers' widows then on
the pension rolls at less than that rate
or who should thereafter be placed on
the pension roll.
Efficient Lovemaking Man
Is One Favored by Majority
of Women, Asserts a Writer
To a woman the most Interesting
thing about a man is his relation .to
vvomen. His manner of lovingor re
fusing to loveis what really Interests
her. According to a. writer in the New
York Mail, when a woman meets a
man she sizes him up, not as a lawyer
or a musician, or an actor, but as
lover. What sort of a husband would
Says Miss Sydney Shields, once a
newspaper woman, now an actress: "A
certain physician, a friend of mine,
once told me that, other things be
ing equal,' a woman would In nine
cases out of ten choose a man who had
loved many women in' preference to a
man who had.loved none. Most scien
tists agree with fhis."
I think it is Havelock Bills who ex
plains It In this wise: '"Experience
with many women gives a man's choice
greater value, and, secondly, the more
a man has sinned in this direction
the greater the woman's chance to
raise him to her tfwn level. Every
woman will admit that she prefers the
man whom other women desire. As
"Abe" Potash-remarks, a woman looks
on every other woman as a competi
tor. Even If other women don't really
desire the husband whom she loves,
she will still imagine they do, and
woman's imagination let loose Is a
fearful and wonderful thing.
"I hav*e discussed this subject with
different kinds of women. The con
sensus of feminine opinion seems to
be that the wholly Inexperienced Ro
meo Is a 'pill.' The man of the world
knows how to make love, they say
and that's the all-Important thing with
women. He makes the beautiful wom
an think that she Is Intelligent, and
the Intelligent woman think she is
beautiful he Is at all times the mas
ter of the situation, and women, even
modern ones, adore a masterful man.'*
Uncle Sam expects yon to keep hens
and raise chickens, even though you
do reside In a "town, or city.
Two hens in the Back yard for each
person in the house will keep a fam
ily in fresh eggs.
The smallest back yard has room
for a flock large enough to supply the
house with eggs. The cost of main
taining such a flock small.,
Table and kitchen waste provides
much of the feed for the hens and
they require but little attention.
An interested child, old enough to
take a little responsibility, can care
for a few fowls as well as a grown
Every back yard should contribute
Its share to a "bumper crop" of poul
try and eggs in 1918. Perhaps not
all will find it profitable to raise
chicks in town, but nearly everyone
can well keep a few hens. The ob
jection to the "crowing of ihe cock"
con be overcome by keeping no cock.
This will not affect egg production in
The house for the back-yard flock
should be inexpensive. A piano box
or other large box may readily be
converted into a suitable residence for
the hens, and the runs may be very
Good hens, well cared for. will pro
duce from ten to fifteen dozen eggs
In time of peace the back-yard flock
may be regarded as a profitable rec
rratlou in time of war, a patriotic
Buy few hens nrd start in at once.
All hens are 5ajintT now or wiiJ be
Wastefulness Is Sinful It
Is a Crime When the Nation
Calls for ThriftPointers.
The lover of thrift is often confront
ed by directions for household econ
omy emanating, as trial shows, from
abstract, rather than practical, domes
tic science. Try these suggestions
from an old-fashioned New England
1. Eggs are not needed for a rice
2. Milk Is not needed In cake made
with baking powder.
3. Milk is not needed for any kind
of whole wheat bread. Even when
milk abounds and Is cheap, water is
4. Half, or even quarter, df a yeast
cake will raise a good amount of bread
5. "War Cake" which calls for a
package of raisins and much shorten
ing is not economical.
6. Do not allow a servant to throw
out remnants of shredded wheat left'
In the bottom of the box. More than
a cupful Is often so lost
7. An unstrained soup made from
remnants of yesterday's meat makes a
good meal. No meat course Is re
8. Are you careful to make as
many pies as possible from one
9. Are you careful to allow every
bit of the white to drain, or to scrape
It, from an egg which you break?
10. Neither broken crackers nor
the crumbs in the bottom of the box
should be thrown away. Use them
for fish, oysters, etc.
11. Memoranda of all sorts, as well
as rough drafts of Mss., may be kept
on pieces of wrapping paper. This is
the kind of economy which good house
wives practiced during the Civil war.
12. Remember that the old New
Englander considered wastefulness,
even among the rich, sinful. It Is a
crime when the nation calls for thrift.
Florence Mary Bennett of The Vigil
i Much in Utile.
Nearly all of the principal cit
ies of England have pollcewom
The French "horizon blue" is
said to be the best color for a
I military uniform.
Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas,
California and South Carolina
are the leading states in rice
$ The Dominican republic con
tains a greater amount of vir
gin land than any other island
in the West Indies.
Little children of Montenegro
attend small flocks of sheep
while the older folks are busy
i with war work.
How Germans Destroyed
the Forests and Orchards
in Belgium and Francs
Apart from their cruelty to huthad
beings, one of the worst offenses per
petrated by the Germans in Belgium
and that part of France which they
have overrun is the destruction of
trees, notes the Indianapolis Star.
Wantonly to destroy orchards and for
est trees as they have done for tho
purpose of making a desert of the land
that had been like a garden is a crime
against civilization. In Belgium they
cut the forests, not as they Cut their
own, where only a certain number of
trees are allowed to be feHed each
year, but sweeplngly, leaving the land
denuded. A hundred years will be
needed to restore these forests, and
trees are needed for the welfare of
In this country we have been too
careless with our forests they have
not been protected as they should be
since the pioneers first cleared enough
of them away to make the farms. Now
we are beginning to realize their value
not only as a direct source of revenue,
but as an aid in conserving moisture
for cultivated lands and also as a
source of beauty. And If one wishes
to look at the matter commercially,
beauty of landscape Is In these days
recognized as a distinct and valuable
asset. There Is needed more trees
and a wider snd better understanding
among the people as to what may and
should be done tn the way of planting
trees and Improving forests.
It Is among young people that this
Interest In trees must be cultivated
they must learn the Importance of or
chards and forests and If a lovs for
trees can be Inculcated It will prove
Itself in years to come by many a tree
that is a glory to the land.
For the Temporary Repair
Of Broken Spectacle Lens
Those who are so unfortunate ss
to have to wear glasses
inconvenience snd dtseowfiBrt are
caused by breaking lens snd hav
ing to wslt for a /new one. Matters
are helped some If a repair can be
effected, states an authority. Tfcls Is
hot always possible but If the Wreak
is a simple fracture, the following
method produces a good repair
Soften gum shellac in alcohol and
apply It to the edges to be cemented.
Press the edges firmly together and
hold in position for a few minutes.
Then lay the lens on a pad of cotton
or soft cloth for an hour or two. so
that the shellac may harden enough
to *tr.nd usage. Note that the shellse
is not to be dissolved in the alcohol
Just soften untH it can be
on the cdjes of the glass.
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