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Iffl Tota I Tota Our Army and What it Costs Most People Figure Expansion Much Less and Cost Much Greater Than Facts Warrant Most people understand that the United States army has been tremen- dously expanded in the year America has been at war. All have seen the army grow, in one sensethey have watched the men go away, have written .letters and sent packages to the boys. Pew realize, however, that the army has increased 700 per cent, in round numbers, in that one year. Official figures from Washington show that it has. When America entered the war on April 6, 1917, the total strength of all branches of the service (Regular army, National Guard and reserves) was 212,0349,524 officers and 202,510 men. On April 6, 1918, the grand total strength of the American army (all branches) was 1,652,725123,801 officers and 1,528,924 men. The detailed figures of the old and the new armies, which are worth pre- serving, are as follows: April, 1917 Officers Men Regular army 5,971 121,797 National Guard 3,733 6,71 Reserve corps (in service) 0 4,000 National army Civil establishment .JJES'lS'^o Military establishment ?413,83o.463.4 Rivers and harbors d*,7ai,iw.w Withdrawals from the treasury have been made under these 'appropria- tions during the period from June 15,1917, to March 9,1918, as follows: Civil establishment $ 6,517,918.70 Military establishment 2,891,606,885.85 Rivers and harbors 18.637,102.60 Manager George Stallings Is in the Game Heart and Soul on the Ball Diamond 1 Fred Mitchell, manager of the Chi cago Cubs, delights to tell stories of his former boss. Miracle Man Stallings of the Braves." When Mitch was Stall ing's assistant in Boston he had many a run-in with the manager, nnd he ad mits now that Stallings thinks more of a man who will answer him back on occasion. Stallings is a firebrand In baseball never laughs, rarely smiles, doesn't jest, and roasts the daylight out of a George T. Stallings. man who makes a slip. He Is nlso a nervous person, nnd becomes enrap tured on the bench while he Is watch ing a game, and plays the whole con test over, solo, as he sits on the play ers' coop. Stallings is mercilpss in culling down a player and criticizing his work. "A fellow made a bobble once while Shillings was watching from the bench," said Mitchell. 'Look at that boob,' said Stallings. 'What a bone head No, he Isn't a bonohead his head is made of Knipp steel.'" Another German Atrocity. Weird and wonderful are the mix tures that pass as tobarco In Germany now that the government has decreed that Anything is tobacco that contains not less than 5 per rent of that weed. The rest may be dried leaves of beech, cherry, chicory, hops, beetroot, sorrel, potato, rhubarb or coltsfoot. One Ger man writer says that the result is "a rank offense, it smells to heaven." Cigars made from this "tobacco" go by the appropriate popular name of "In- famla Scandalosa." England to Grow Sunflowers. The production of sunflowers ts being encouraged in England. The ministry of food and production de portment has issued Instructions on how to grow sunflowers and advises nil persons to grow them, explaining that the seed Is rich in oil and makes an excellent chicken food. April, 1918 Officers Men 10,698 503,142 16,893 96,210 0 431,583 77,360 516339 9,524 202,510 123,801 1.528.924 The cost of the army during the first year of the war is a thing that is generally overestimated. People are prone to think of the billions that have been appropriated instead of the actual amounts that have been expended. Official figures from Washington show that the total expenditures on the array for the year America has been in the warincluding everything from new cantonments Jlo shoe laces and a good many things not properly chargeable to the warwere $3,006,761,907.15. That sum does not include, of course, the obligations of the war depart- mentcontracts made for the billions of dollars' worth of supplies that will be furnished this year it is the sum actually paid out for materials already de- livered and pay of the men for the time they have already served. There are included river and harbor and civil establishment expenditures that would have been made had there been no war. The detailed official figures of war depart- ment appropriations and expenditures for the year are as follows: Since the declaration of war congress has made the following appropria- tions for the war department: 1' $7,464,771,756.48 $3,006,761,907.15 PLAN AHEAD FOR BETTER POULTRY One must plan ahead in order to be successful in any line of endeavor. Poultry keeping is no exception, writes an authority. If you do not have the breeding birds you need for the seas on of 1918, now is a good time to get them. There is a country-wide scarc ity of good birds for breeding purposes, and one1 must expect to pay somewhat higher prices than in past years. It will not pay to get inferior birds in or der to save a little of the purchase price. If you are just starting, or if you want new blood, you can buy either stock or eggs for hatching. Men are more likely to buy stock because they do not usually handle eggs so care* fully as women and also because usu ally they have more money to spend. To btiy stock Is the safer plan, of course, and on the whole Is better, but It costs more money. For both stock and eggs prices are high and will con tinue so. One cannot expect to buy eggs for hatching in 1918 in quantities, at $5 per hundred. Such low prlce are now absurd for eggs from stock of any decent quality at all. Most poultry breeders, except those who have a large number of birds of superior quality, are compelled to re plenish their flock with new blood al most every year. Our flocks either go up or go down. Just because prices are higher than normal we must be careful to get good quality in what we buy. This Is a time when poor stuff will not pay. There never was a time when It was so true that "the best Is none too good." It does not pay to keep Inferior fowls now. Why They Are Called Tumblers. About 1,500 years ago the Saxons In England used drinking vessels that were made of horns of cattle or oxen. They were shaped like cones. As their bottoms were pointed they would not stand erect. When a man had his drink ing horn filled he disposed of Its con tents at a single draught nnd did not lay It down until he had drained it. These horns were tumblers in the sense that they would not stand upright. Al though our modern glasses do not have this objectionable quality, the name that originated in early Saxon times still persists. Twenty Years Ago. Bicycles were as common as legs. Automobiles and millionaires were rare. Table board was $3 a week, or $5 a week with the "best room in the house." Hotels had a "bill of fare," and the "menu" with prices marked opposite was almost unknown. Appendicitis had just been discovered. Nobody wore white shoes, and palm beach suits were in the "alpaca stage." Jules Verne had a monopoly on the submarine.Washington Times. No Established Wheatless Days, but Pound and Half Should Be the Very Limit The United States food administra tion lias made wheatless days, and wheatless meals optional in private homes. But that does not mean the lid has been taken off. It only means that the question of which day or meal shall be wheatless is left to the indi vidual household. In other words, the food administra tion has made the reduction of wheat consumption a test of good citizen ship. Each citizen in the land is asked, as a good American, to cut his Individual wheat consumption to a pound and a half a week. That means to cut the ordinary, peace-time con sumption in two. It doesn't matter on what day or what meals that is done, just so it is done. In that regard the food administration says: "In making optional the observance of wheatless days in private homes the food administration lifted no re strictions upon the consumption of wheat products. It is merely asking the American people to reduce their per capita consumption to not more than 1% pounds per week, "This is an absolute military neces sity. The method of saving is being left entirely to the individual. If it can be done without foregoing the use of wheat at any specified meal or on any day, the food administration's ur gent plea for further conservation will be carried out to the letter." HAVE A LAUGH His Temptation. "I hope my husband won't get in veigled into any games with those card sharks." "Oh, he'll know when they are try ing to cheat him." "I'm not afraid of that, but yon know, he's a sharpshooter." A Victim of Fate. I "When I began I I business," said HU ^X plutocrat wearily. "I made a solemn vow that when I had made an even million I would quit." "B you've made that many times over," said the other man, "and still you are accumulating." "That's the curse of it. When- ever I think I've made an even mil lion I find on figuring it up it's either a little more or a little less, and I've got to renew the heart-breaking strug- gle." And the unfortunate man sighed heavily. Of Course Not. "Why am I rejected?" asked the applicant for military service. "Weak heart," replied the exam ining surgeon. "Weak heart?" retorted the youth. "If I had a weak heart do you think I'd want to go into this kind of a war?" Early Crop. "So yon own a good many suburban houses and small farms. Live on any of them?" "No." "Then you don't raise anything your- self." "Oh, yes every spring I raise rents." Mental Industry. "It's wrong to say I don't work, mister," said Plodding Pete. "What work do you do?" "Brain work. I have to think up a terrible lot of excuses for not accepting Jobs." A Patriot. "He's a real patriot, anyhow." "What makes you thing so?" "He's taken a big government con tract for the Same profit he'd charge, a private corporation.". An Excusing Spirit. "Didn't I see the grocer's boy kiss you this morning, Susan?" "Yes'm. But he ain't to blame, ma'am. Twas the Iceman set him the bad example." Up-to-Date. "Has your cook anything deleteri ous in your daily diet, Mrs. Comeup?" "Sure, she has. We have everything now that's the style." How President Kruger Decided Problem for Two Brothers That very canny person, President Kruger, was once called upon, as King Solomon before him. to pass judgment in a matter of ownership. The case was that of two brothers, who had been left a farm and. could not agree as to the division which had to be made. They agreed that, rather than take the matter to the courts, they would let President Kruger decide. President Kruger appears to have hes* Itated about as little as King Solomon did. He Instructed the elder brother to make what he considered a fair di vision, and then he gave first choice to the younger brother. A solution, like Solomon's, both masterly nnd sta ple.Christian Science Monitor. THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN. The tremendous clerical burden of the war has multiplied the number of labor-saving devices employed by the United States government. The check- signing machine, operated in this picture by J. L. Summers, disbursing clerk of the treasury, is used extensively in bureaus where the writing of five signa- tures by one operation is saving time and money. EatMoreRice Nutritious Food That is a Good Substitute for Wheat (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Here In the United States it Is diffi cult to realize that there is no other edible product, except perhaps meat, upon which more people In the world are dependent for food than rice, and that we might advantageously con sume much greater quantities of this nutritious food and grow the increase in our own rice fields. An increased production and consumption not only would expand a profitable industry, but the eating of more rice in the place of wheat would release a great er quantity of the bread grain for shipment to the allies. The average per capita consumption of rice for food in this country is scarcely 6 pounds a year, and most of this is consumed in the Southern states. The high esteem in which rice Is held in other countries is indicated by their per capita consumption. Nor way and Sweden consume over 0 pounds per capita Russia over 11 pounds England, 27 pounds France, 34 pounds Italy, over 101 pounds, and Germany more than 93 pounds. But even these European countries do not begin to eat as much rice as Japan and China. There, rice Is the most important article of diet. Each man, woman and child in Japan, on the average, consumes 147 pounds of rice each year, and those in China, 153 pounds. The placing of such dependence upon rice as a staple food certainly proves beyond a doubt that it is high ly nutritious analysis of rice supports this proof. Pound for pound rice is about as nutritious as wheat. Every 100 pounds of cleaned rice contains 87.7 pounds of nutriment, of which 8 pounds are protein, 0.3 pound fat, 79 pounds carbohydrates, and 0.4 pound ash. The analysis of wheat flour shows that it contains 87.1 pounds of nutriment in each 100 pounds, of which 10.8 pounds are protein, 1.1 pounds fat, 74.8 pounds carbohydrates, .and 0.4 pound ash. Thus the total nutriment In rice is a trifle greater than in wheat. Wheat has the advan tage In protein and rice in carbo hydrates. Although rice is the great foodstuff of the Orient, it is not used there in making a raised bread. In this coun try dieticians have made excellent bread by substituting as high as 25 per cent of rice for wheat flour, and have obtained a white yeast bread of excellent flavor. With the Inventors. A glass bottle blowing ma chine with a capacity of 2,000 bottles an hour has been invent ed In Europe. Electrical apparatus for top ping trees, which can be left without attention for months, has been invented. Spring pads to be strapped to the knees have been invented for the comfort of persons obliged to kneel at their work. To prevent rubber fire hose cracking while dry an inventor has natented a reel that keeps It filled with compressed air. The Concrete Ship. Faith, the new concrete ship, has the appearance of a concrete cellar founda tion. This may be the very thing some unseen and unknown barnacle has been waiting to ding to. Our bold experi ment wlK bring oat some surprising discoveries, no doubt. If It shows a new way to use cement there will be a boom in cement stocks. We have no end of raw material for cement mak ing and no conservationist can tell ns when we shall be shy of the stuff that makes ships If the Faith, la a winner. Brooklyn Eagle. Mushroom Growth of Some German Cities Formerly of Very Little Importance The predominance of war industries in the German empire has given a mushroom growth to a large number of German cities which formerly boasted of little commercial impor tance, according to a London corre spondent. Munich, instead of occupying third position in population and importance, now ranks seventh. One of the most remarkable examples of war-boom towns is Boch'um, situated in the rich iron ore district of Westphalia. Be fore the war it had a population of 65,000 now the official census gives it 764,774. The newest list of important Ger man cities and their population fol lows Berlin, 3,386,624 Hamburg, 1,014,- 654 Bochum, 764,774 Leipzig, 763,- 689 Cologne, 671,220 Luisborg, 619,- 800 Munich, 608,124 Dortmund, 568,- 055 Essen, 562,507 Dresden, 531,- 697 Breslau, 519,947 Dussellorf, 449,643 Becklinghausen, 444,160 Frankfort, 414,578 Konlgshutte, 413,- 786 Hanover, 407,800 Kiel, 370,353 Chemnitz, 358,786 Unremburg, 357,- 141 Stuttgart, 340,354 Slberfeld, 339,400 Bremen, 299,526. H-nnmH-Hmnii nrii] j: Mother's Cook Book. The kitchen should be a frank and friendly part of the house.Thoreau. Almost every one who has an unlimited quantity of food at his disposal overeats. -Hubbard. Foods in Season. Asparagus, beet greens, spinach and all the other tender garden things which are so wholesome are now found in our markets. Molded Beet Greens. Wash the greens through many wa ters to be sure they are well-cleansed, add boiling water to cover and cook until tender. It will take about three hours. Drain and press out all the water possible, remove a few of the beets that are as large as walnuts and slip off the skins in cold water. Slice the beets and press against the side of an earthen mold. Chop the greens fine, season with salt and pepper and butter ftnd fill the prepared mold. Set a plate with a weight above the vege tables and let them become chilled. Serve sliced with mayonnaise dress ing. Any stalks of asparagus left over from a previous meal may be used for a most delectable salad using the fol lowing dressing: Chiffonade Dressing. Chop fine the white of a hard-cooked egg, add the- yolk pressed through a sieve, a tablespoonful each of chopped chives, parsley, capers and cooked beet, half a tablespoonful of scraped onion, half a teaspoonful each of salt and paprika, half a cupful of oil and three tablespoonfuls of vinegar. Mix and beat until thoroughly blended. Down South Cornbread. Sift together one cupful of yellow cornmeal, half a teaspoonful of salt, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder, beat one egg and stir into the dry in gredients, with one quart of sweet milk. Turn the mixture Into a well buttered baking dish. Add two table spoonfuls of butter cut Into bits. Bake in a hot oven twenty-five min utes. Stir^ often until the bread be gins to thicken. Serve with a spoon and front the baking dish. This may be served as a dessert with grated maple sugar or with sugar and cream. Sardine Remove the crust from carefully toasted bread and spread with butter mixed with a teaspoonful of lemon Juice and minced parsley. On each place three sardines and put the toast Into the oven to heat. Serve at once. THE BEST POLICY Would you win eternal fame And immortalize your name? Do you covet praise and peir and self esteem? Then give your utmost best And do it -With a zest To the job that's your's, however small it seem, And when you've set your mark on high, pursue it For it's not the thing you do, but how you do it. Would you find the pot of gold With its blessings manifold. But with it have your conscience free from blight? Then cut your wants In half. Make thrift your daily staff. And keep your credit and your honor bright. And when the tempter offers graft, for sake it For it's not how much you make, but how you make It. Would you build your monument Ere your busy life be spent Or would you the applause of men com mand? Then purge your soul of greed. Hear every call of need And scatter blessings with an open hand. If money easy comes, do not abuse it. For it's not how much you save, but how* you use it. William Davenport in Forbes Magazine. Consumption of Sugar Goes Up to 84 Pounds Per Capita Since Revolutionary Period The American who during the world's greatest war must get along with one lump of sugar instead of two In his coffee will be interested in the fact that the Revolutionary patriots had much less or none at all of the sweetening food material. A century ago, says the United States department of agriculture, the people of this country consumed less than one-tenth as much sugar as they do now. In 1791-1795, just after the Revo lution, the estimated annual consump tion was 7.5 pounds per capita. In 1821-1825 the average per capita con sumption was 8.3 pounds and was prac tically the same 20 years earlier. But in the five years ending with 1915 the total consumption in the United States was approximately 8,000,000,000 pounds, a yearly average of about 84 pounds for each person, or 378 pounds for an average family (4.5 persons). Reasons for the increase can bo found not only in many new and eft* tended uses for sugar but also in nu merous sources of the product. Do mestic cane and beet fields supplied 23 per cent of the sugar we used in 1811- 1915 the planters of Hawaii, Porto Rico and the Philippines furnished 26% per cent while Cuba, supplemented by small amounts from other foreign countries, furnished 51 per cent. Dur ing these five years the sugar consump tion of the United States averaged al most 160,000,000 pounds per week. The supply for 27 weeks came from foreign countries, our island possessions ftu nished supplies for 13 weeks' consump tion, while the product of the United. States proper was equivalent to 12 weeks' average consumption. Old Age Cannot Wear Out Its Shoes as Recklessly As Does the Gay Youth Preparing for easy old age Is one of the spurs that has transformed a wholesome ambition into a "vaulting ambition that o'erleaps itself." Many a man has shortened his life overwork ing to take care of the old age that ho thus snuffed out, observes a writer in the Minneapolis Journal. Any man is remiss who does not prepare against old age, bht nature has also, taken a hand in this preparation. Old age cannot wear out its shoes ns recklessly as does youth. The normal old man finds better entertainment in meditation than he could in expensive amusement. Memory is his "movie." Society does not ask old people to burn expensive midnight oil nor to appear on dress parade. Thus normal and gratifying reduction of outgo is equiva lent to an addition to the income. Feverish preparation for old age im plies the belief not only that the appe tite will not decrease with old age, but that old age will be wholly helpless to sustain itself. As a matter of fact, but a small proportion of the old are totally disabled for gainful labor. And few, if any, old people are as happy when Idle as when occupied with such, work as they are fitted to do. The wise old man has learned what as a foolish young man he failed to see, that "enough Is as good as a ,'feast," and that after all "man wants but little here below." Sensible com fort in old age does not come very high. Government Appeals to Patriotism of Sportsmen. The United States department of agriculture appeals to the patriotism and true sportsmanship of all persons to co-operate with It in the enforce ment of the federal law for the pro tection ef migratory birds, especially at this tune when the problem of. con serving the food supply Is taxing the ingenuity of the world. It Is gratify ing to know that the majority, of sportsmen have observed the federal regulations and this fact has con tributed largely to the successful re sults accomplished. A sense of pa triotic duty should Impel every one te conserve this natural food asset, thus perpetuating the species and Increasing the supply for the benefit of all the people. The department has planned to In crease greatly Its force* ef waidena, who will be actively engaged daring the spring migration securing evi dence upon which to base piusecutlona against those who amy violate the lav.