Newspaper Page Text
Athletics Will Make Youths Fit for Service Calling for Strength By JOSEPHUS DANIELS. Secretary of the Navy Nothing could "better prove the falsity of the wide spead notion, prevalent before the war, that Young America lacked the sterner virtues of the Paul Reveres and Nathan Hales than the readiness with which they flocked into the army and navy when war was declared. Their patriotic zeal made them so insistent to begin training at once that it taxed the country to provide the facilities demanded. Colleges set the pace in sending no, in witnessingthe entrance of their choicest spirits into those camps and stations and cantonments and ships where they could be most quickly trained for military service. Young collegians who had been trained in, athletics were seen to possess an incalculable advantage oyer their associates who had permitted delving in Greek roots to -deny them time to develop" their muscles. As the war goes on, the army and the navy must increase as rapidly as the industrial plants can equip them and tonnage can be supplied to transport them to France. Most colleges have added military instruction* and thiTtraining, coupled with college athletics, will make the youths fit for the service calling for strength and ability to endure hardships. Soft- ness is incompatible with efficient military service. In every branch col- lege men are proving that in modern education a sound body must go with a sound mind. How will the younger men be made ready for what they will shortly be called upon to do? Colleges wilj, answer that question by encouraging college athletics,"and emphasizing those games -which insure that all the student body will be benefited by them. Intercollegiate games istimulate interest and should be encouraged. The stimulus of athletics, both in an improved morale and in an improved body, is everywhere rec- ognized. Let it be emphasized more now that the need for youths of inew and stuff is more felt than ever before. Avena Sativa Can Be Employed to Reduce Expenses of Household ByO.L.HALL.Chkae A little camouflage is required to make oats an all-day food, and this camouflage is being prepared. Wearing a thin disguise, but scorning the refuge of anonymity, an alias, or the use of its handsome scientific name of Avena Sativa, the humble oat is in a fair way of associating itself with wheat and getting baked into the same war loaf. What Americans arc learning or are to learn in war will remain part of the knowledge of living when the war is no more. That is what the prophets say, and that's why, peering into the afterwhile, they predict a future increased reliance on the food grains. The government is endeavoring to regulate, through countless com- mittees of experts, the flow of food from its.source to the consumer. One of these assisting organizations is the corn milling committee, ap- pointed by Food Administrator Hoover to organize mills and affiliated in- dustries in the service of food conservation. The extremely high prices of cornit-has run a mad race with wheat have discouraged in a degree the milling of this plentiful grain. Some of the larger millers engaging in a country-wide business and -owning valuable trade-marks are said to have been selling package corn- meal at a loss, merely to hold their trade and keep up competition. But they expect the new crop of corn to reach them a% $1.40 to $1.50 a bushel, which will enable them to get back on a more comfortable basis. The estimate that 100,000,000 "bushels of corn goes into food annual- ly in this country does not tell the whole story. It doesn't figure on the old ash barrels which stand behind thousands -of cabins and farmhouses and drip the lye which converts maize into home- made hominy. But it does take into account what passes through th mills. And there are mills enough in this country to grind additional hun- dreds of millions of bushels. Few if any of them are running on a 24-hour schedule. The milling committee will be able to have ground all the corn- meal that all the pone bakers and johnnycake makers in America can use. Do Women of Voting Age Really Outnumber Men of Similar Ages? By GEORGE B. GLOVER. New YoA Is the day drawing near when American women will hold the prin- cipal offices and no longer figuratively but literally rule the nation? Now that the feminine citizens of the Empire state are to join with their sisters in many other states of the Union as voters at the polls, the question has been propounded, What will the feminine voting strength of equal suffrage states be and how will the feminine vote affect the aggre- gate vote of the nation? The question has received various answers from friends and enemies of equal rights among practical politicians and political theorists, but the first emphatic response, so far as New York state is concerned at least, will come when the citizenesses first march to the polls with fathers, hus- bands and brothers. And some surprises will come to many "antis" as well as "pros" when the women first do undergo that long-fought-for experience of dropping their ballots into the ballot box, and one of those surprises will be found in the voting strength of the feminine side of sev- eral prominent families. In the statewide talkfest which helped to bring, about the great event of November 6,1917, in New York state, a feminine spellbinder was heard to say to a crowd of curious but very attentive men at Broadway and Forty-fourth street: "Do you know that statistics show there are more women than men in the United States? Look out! Oh, you short-sighted men Perhaps the cartoonist who pictured recently the mere men party lead- r*V hats in hand, presenting their compliments to the idealized feminine vote in a most obsequious manner heard that warning. At any rate, a mere man did, and he said to himself, "Eight-o as he called to mind several leading families which can turn in a much larger feminine than mascu- line vote. Do women of voting age really outnumber men of similar ages all over America? Will they some day unite their vote to seias all the offices and catioaal control? WHILn ctalism by law and actually pave the way to the world war. Called "Venice of the North." He who has not seen Hamburg has not aeen Germany or Europe. With its great canals and basins and rivers and harbor It long ago well earned the sou briquet of 'The Venice of the North." It not only has canals rivaling those of Venice In number, but also much of the medieval aspect of Venice with much that is splendidly modern, great old structures as striking in architecture as any in Venice, church towers ex ceeded in height only by those of the cathedral at Cologne and business and private houses as quaint and fascin ating as can be found in Europe. The history of this great port city and city state Is as rich in tragedy and romance as Greece aild Rome, though for obvious reasons less celebrated in literature. Its themes were prosaic, Ita rhythms were those of mighty com merce far beyond compare with that of Venice and Genoa in the days of their merchant princes. Assaulted and looted by Danes. Norse. Slavs, Romans and various others of the brigands throughout a period embracing hun dreds of years. It ever rose from Ita Imperial waters by which nature seem ed to have destined It to become an Imperial port. For protection, of com merce it united with Bremen and Lu beck in the formation of a "hause," or league and soon, with the Incorpora tion of other cities arose the VHansea Mc 1engw\" which fr long years actu ally dominated th* commerce of B- THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN. MAMGUftG A FRE E CITY View of Harbor of Hamburg. E !t has been suspected that the cunning of "Ger ma kultur" exaggerated to undue gravity the "peace, striked" that apparently spread like a great conflagration over Germany and Austria, to exercise a deterrent effect upon entente war operations, it is a general conviction that the half has not been told in the meager reports that have sifted to us through Switzer land and Holland. One of these was that the most serious of the protesting strikes against continuation of the war was that of Hamburg, one of the three "free cities" of Germany, the greatest port In Europe and one of the very few great ports of the world. It would be natural for Hamburg to assume prominence and in a way in leadership of a movement which really has been Imbued with a deal of the bolshevik! spirit of Russia for cessa tion of the war and the conclusion of a pence on a somewhat radical demo cratic basis, writes E. W. Lightner in the Pittsburgh Dispatch. It has been more than half a century a leader of advanced thought and action in Ger many, Insistently democratic in its in spiration, opposed to Junkerism though, as a matter of course, submitting to the militarism of the empire. With the economic furor aroused by the great argument of Karl Marx in Das Kapital, and the political organiza tion effected by Ferninand Lassalle, no people in Prussia or the German states were so profoundly moved as those of Hamburg. One result was election to the reichstag of its three socialist members, this being followed by the election of four from Berlin under the very nose of King William I and of Bismarck, who attempted to crush so- rope, establishing branches and head quarters in other commercial cities and even almost playing a game of fifty fifty in London itself, having for a long period an establishment at the Steel* yard in that city. It secured special privileges in several of the chief cities in northern Europe and held undis puted sway of the Baltic sea and Ger man ocean. It supressed land robbers and sea pirates, but exacted undue toll from other countries and with their progress within themselves began If* decline. Nearly Ruined by Davout. It was Maximilian I, who in 1510 de clared Hamburg an imperial city, and it was under the sway of Napoleon I that it met Mjith ruin, beginning with Its corporation into the French empire In 1810, just 300 years after the historic decree of Maximilian. For more than a year, beginning with 1818, the city was under the control of the French General Davout, who gave free reign to pillage, and the population rapidly dwindled from 100,000 to nearly 50,- 000. After Napoleon it entered the German federation as a free city of the empire. From this It developed as a commercial and maritime city with amazing rapidity, suffering only one check, the disastrous fire in 1842. The old Hanseatic league had been long a matter of history, but there re mained of It the original three free cities. Hamburg, .Bremen, with Its splendid port of Bremerlmfen, and Lu beck. The three gained in population wonderfully, but Hamburg far outstrip ped the others, and Is, next to Berlin, the most populous city in Germany. Within 80 years preceding 1900 It has increased In population more than 300,- 000, and before the war the population Scene In Hamburg. Avas estimated at more than 1,000,000, while the city-state, 159 square miles in area, and one of the German states, has tens of thousands more. Hamburg is essentially a "free city." It has absolutely home government. Since the beginning of Its days of peace and prosperity It has spent hundreds of millions In public works, owns or rigidly controls all public utilities, some of which have been leaned to private operators has constructed the finest barber appointments of any city of the world. It has unexcelled schools, li braries containing hundreds of thou sands of volumes, beautiful parks and gardens, palatial residences, one of the most interesting of zoos and a rival of Coney Island at the rollicking suburb of St. Paulus and for Ionfe years the spectacle of the shipping has been unrivaled In any other port of the world. It would be an ideal place for a "peace strike" this "Venice of the North," this home of radical democ racy which rejoices In a home govern ment .that reaches kalserdom only through its representatatlon In the Na tional Parliament, a representation not usually to the liking of "the di vinely anointed." Couldn't Be Modern. "John was a good man," said the dls conolate widow, "but he was so old fashioned to the last" "How o?" asked the sympathetic frlendr "Well, he got killed by a runaway HAPPC SAviewed uuu NEIWcan Illustrating the Difference Between Two Women CHICAGO.Shs waited while the butcher trimmed her lamb chops. And while he wa doing it she confided to a woman who had ordered stew beef, that she was giving a tea to meet Mrs. Blank, and that her Cousin Maudle. who was engaged to a lieutenant and was going to be a war bride, would pour. The stew-beef woman told her she was flying high, considering we had been asked'to censor lamb until peace came. The chop lady shrugged hex shoulders near French and said she should worry, with all the extra-work money her husband was bringing in. As for her part, she was sick of all the silly little economies Lou was forever nagging over,-and if she had her way they would break up and board, so she could have a decent meal without his everlasting din about helping to win the war. It was nothing in this world but an excuse for his meanness, and if she had known he was that sort of a manand so on and so on. And when she had gone off the stew-beef woman felt called on to relieve her mind* to an entirely strange customer next: "Did you hear the way that woman was going on? She's got as good a husband as ever walked and a nice little home with a sleeping porch and glass storm doors and an electric rangeall paid for and in her name. Before she was married she clerked 'way up Seventh street, and had a ballroom across from mine. I was keeping company at the same time, and my Joe said from the first that poor Lou was facing trouble with his eyes shut and that she would never he contented,' no matter what he done for her, and it's gospel true All of which set the entirely strange customer thinking thoughts as she went away with her purchasehamburg, fresh ground, if you would care to know. And as a sensible thought Is nlways worth passing on, here it Is as the customer got It from a most wonderful, ancient lady who sat In that dusk we all know about, waiting for the dawn. It was such a way-back dusk that the customer had never even heard tell of hamburg, fresh ground which, naturally, couldn't be expected to equal those artistically trimmed lamb chopsand this ancient lady remarked with a forgiving smile, "Ah, well, my dear, you know one Is not rich in the things one has real wealth con- sists of the ability to be satisfied with little and be contented and the con- sciousness of having tried to do one's duty." i Here's Prize Scheme to Raise Money for War N FRANCISCO."I admit," the reporter oratorlcnlly said, as he Inter- himself for publication, "I admit that in volunteering to embargo from his menu wheat products that he can't get anyway, the restaurant man, Is performing a patriotic service. The thing I am objecting to Is his luke wurmlty in buying Liberty bonds with the money he makes on potatoes." In proof of which the reporter dic tated to his typewriter the following: "I went Into a restaurant and cop led this from the menu: Potatoes, French fried, 15 cents American fried, 15 cents Saratoga chips, 15 cents julienne, 15 cents hash brown, 15 cents lyonnalse, 20 cents cottage fried, 20 cents au grutin, 25 cents O'Brien, 25 cents O'Brien au gratln, 30 cents. I ordered American fried, removed them carefully on tissue paper, brought them to the office and weighed them. The order weighed 1 1-3 ounces. At 640 ounces to a bushel of pota- toes the price to the diner was $90 a bushel, or $2.50 a pound. I can buy potatoes in a cash store at a cent and a half a pound. "Somebody said the country has a 90,000,000-bushel potato crop going to rot because people won't eat them. Now, If the restaurants would pool in and buy this crop and deal it out at 15 cents an ounce, the proceeds would be $8,000,000,000. The excess profits and Income taxes from the restnurntrfs would be euough to run the war three months and the potato crop would be absorbed. "In justice to Ihis restaurant I must hasten to odd that they did not emulate some patriotic hotels and charge me ten cents for two ounces or bread and a put of butter." Might Call This One Story of Real Hard Lupk ANSAS CITY.The empty, purple-colored motorcar rested against the curbing at.Eleventh and Walnut streets. A lurgo tire was strapped In the rear tire recks. Three young women, attractive and well dressed, emerged from a nearby department store. One carried a camera. One of the girls seated herself In side the tire, while another seated her self behind the steering wheel. The girl with the camera made ready to take a picture. A middle-aged man, a huge dia mond on his finger, approached and started to enter the car when he ob served the three girls. They told him of their desire to take a picture. Did he object? He didn't. But he insisted he have a place In the picture, beside the pretty girl In the rear tire rack. As the camera snapped there was a shrill cry from a sharp-featured woman, expensively dressed, who stood on the curbing. "So." the woman exclaimed, pointing a finger at the good-natured man, still seated beside the girl, "this Is why I couldn't get you at the office. Joy riding, eh? Wait till you get home! "The very Idea!" "But" The woman, declining explanations, disappeared In the crowd. And the man, red-faced, pressed the electric starter, refusing to answer "good-bys" of the three girls, who fled into the department store, where they are era- ployed, i Some Way, Babies Don't See Daylight-Saving Idea YORK."I beg your pardon, but do you know of any method by which. persuade my child to take nourishment, retire and arise by the clock. Instead of by his Dear Little Instinct?" "Hey! Doe* anyone there know how you can set a six-months kid so he'll hit the hay an hour earlier these nights?" These are sample inquiries that nave come to the World since the clocks of the country were poked ahead an hour. "My baby used to sleep from six till six. Now she refuses to go to bed until seven o'clock, add won't get up until seven the next morning. The World helped move the clocks ahead. Now I think it's up to the World to think of some way of moving the babies ahead." That's a fair sample of what the mothers say. A fair-minded method would seem to be to just chuck the kid into its bunk by what the clock says, and not what he feels, and has! him out again by the clockmake him run on daylight-saving time. But mothers to whom you say that just sigh and look at you as If yo were the prize boob of the neighborhood. And fathers make remarks as roar not having to stick around and listen to the baby yell for bis rights. Maybe congress cap fir it up.