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II. S.IN WAR
TO THE LIMIT, SAYS WILSON President Opens Red Cross Cam paign With Speech at New York. FOR ARMY OF 5,000,000 UP Cxeeutiv Asserts America Will Con tinue to Send Troops to France Until Germany Is Defeated Asserts Huns' Peace Talk Is Dishonest. New York, May 20.President Wil on in his speech on Saturday open ing the Red Cross drive for a second $100,000,000 war fund, announced that the .purpose of the United States is to set no limits on its ^efforts to win the war. "1 have heard gentlemen recently say," said he, "that we must ge. 5,- 000,000 men ready. Why limit it to 5,000,000? I have asked congress to came no limit, because congress in tends, I am sure, as we ill intend, that evsry ship that can carry men or sup plies shall go laden upon every voy age with every man aud every supply he can carry." The United States, the president de clared, will not be diverted from its purpose of winning the war by insin cere approaches ou the subject of peace. Dwelling on the duty of Americans to give to the Red Cross, the president declared no mini could afford to make money out of the war. The audience was composed of dis tinguished men and women, most of whom have been leaders in the work of the Red Cross. Text of President's Speech. The president's speech in full fol lows: "Mr. Chairman and Fellow Country- menI should be very sorry to think -that Mr. Davison in any degree cur tailed his exceedingly interesting speech for fear that he was postpon ing mine, because I am sure you listened with the same intense and in tiinate interest with which I listened to the extraordinarily vivid account lie gave of the things which he had realized because he had come In con tact with them on the other side of the waters. "We compass them with our imagin ation he compassed them in his per sonal experience. And 1 am not come here tonight to review for you the work of the Red Cross. "I nra not competent to do' so be cause I have not had the time or the opportunity to follow it in detail. "I have come here simply to say^ a few words to you as to what It all seems to me to mean, and it means a great deal. Won't Limit Army to 5,000,000. There are two duties with which we are face to face. The first duty Is to win the war. And the second duty, that goes hund-iu-hund with it, Is to win it greatly and worthily, showing the real quality of our pow er not only but the real quality of our purpose and of ourselves. "Of course, the lirst duty, the duty that we must keep in the foreground of our thought until it is accomplished. Is to win the war. "I have heard gentlemen recently say that we must get 5,000,000 men ready. Why limit it to 5,000,000V "I have asked the congress of the United States to name no limit be cause the congress intends, I am sure, as we all intend, that every ship that can carry men or supplies shall go laden upon every voyage with every man and every supply she can carry. Peace Offers Insincere. "And we are not to be diverted from the grim purpose of winning the war by any insincere approaches upon the subject of peace. I can say with a clear conscience that I have tested those intimations and have found them insincere. "I now recognize them for what they arean opportunity to have a free hand, particularly ID the Bast, to carry out purposes of conquest and exploitation. "Every proposal with regard*to ac commodation in the West involves a reservation with regard to the East. Now, so far as I am concerned, I in tend to stand by Russia as well as Frace." [A voice from the audience inter rupted with: "God bless you."] "The helpless and the friendless are the very ones that need friends and succor, and if any nir in Germany thinks we are going to sacrifice any body for our sake, I tell him now they are mistaken. "For the glory of this war, my fel- SEES GERMAN FUTURE DARK .Socialist Leader Finds Situation "Most Serious" Despite "Suctwues" of the Army. Washington. May 20.Gloomy re flections on the future or Germnny by Socialist Deputy I.avid, writing in the Schwaebische Tagwaeht, are quoted in an official dispatch from Geneva. **lf Germany does not succeed when peace is concluded in dissolving the ^rorld coaliit^i, int war wKJ be lost low citizens, insofar as we are con cerned, is that it is, perhaps for the first time in history, an unselfish war. "I could not be proud to fight for a selfish purpose, but I can be proud to .Ight for mankind. "If they wish peace let t'nem come forward through accredited represent atives and lay their terms on the table. We have laid ours, and they know what they are. "But behind nil this grim purpose, my friends, lies the opportunity to demonstrate not only force, which will be demonstrated- to the utmost, but the opportunity to demonstrate character, and it is that opportunity that we have most conspicuously in the work of the Red Cross. "Not that our men in arms do not represent our character, for they do, and It Is a character which those who see and realize appreciate and admire but their duty is the duty, of force. The duty of the Red Cross is the duty of mercy and succor and friendship. War Uniting the World. "Have you formed a picture in your imagination of what this war is doing for us and for the world? "In my own mind I am convinced that not a hundred years of peace could have knitted this nation togeth er as this single year of war has knit ted it together and better even than that, if possible, it Js_ knitting the world together. "Look at the picture. In the center of the scene, four nations engaged against the world, and at every point of vantage, showing that they are seek ing selfish aggrandizement and, against them, twenty-three govern ments representing the greater part of the population of the world, drawn to gether into a new sense of community of interest, a new sense of community of purpose, a new sense of unity of life. "The secretary of war told me an interesting incident the other day. He said when he was In Italy a member of the Italian government was explain ing to him the many reasons why Italy felt near to the United States. Heart of U. S. in Italy. 'If you want to try an interesting experiment, go up to any one of these troop trains and ask In English how many of them have been in Amtrica, and see what happens.' "He tried the experiment. He went up to a troop train and he said: 'How many of you boys huve been in Amer- ica?' and he said it seemed to him as If half of them sprang up: *Me from San Francisco me from New York all over.' "There was part of the heart of America in the Italian army. People that had been knitted to us by associ ation, who knew us, who had lived amongst us, who had worked shoulder to shoulder with us, and now friends of America, were fighting for their na tive Italy. Assails War Profiteers. "Friendship is the only cement that will ever hold the world together. And this intimate contact of the Red Cross with the people who are suffering the terrors and deprivations of this war is going to be one of the greatest instru mentalities of friendship that the world ever knew, and the center of the heart of It all, If we sustain it proper ly, will be this land that we dearly love. "My friends, a great day of duty has come, and duty finds a man's soul as no kind of work can ever find It. "May I say this? The duty that faces us all now is to serve one another, and no man can afford to make a fortune out of this war. "There are men amongst us who have forgotten that, Tf they ever saw it. Some of you are old enoughI am old enoughto remember men who made fortunes out of the Civil war, and you know how they were regard ed by their fellow citizens. That was a war to save one countrythis is a war to save the world." Better to Give Than Lend. "And your relation to the Red Cross is one of the relations which will re lieve you of the stigma. You can't give anything to the government of the United States it wont accept It. There is a law of congress against ac cepting even services without pay. "The only thing that the government will accept is a loan, and duties per formed but It Is a great deal better to give than to lend or to pay and your great channel for giving Is the Ameri can Red Cross. "Down in your hearts you can't take very much satisfaction, In the last analysis, in lending money to the gov ernment of the United States, because the Interest which you draw will burn your pockets it is a commercial trans action, and some men have even dared to cavil at the rate of interest, not knowing the incidental commentary that constitutes upon their attitude. "But when you give, something of your heart, something of your soul, something of yourself goes with the gift particularly when It is given in such form that it never can come back by way of direct benefit to yourself. You know there Is the old cynical defi nition of gratitude, as 'the lively ex pectation of favors to come.' Make World Fitter Place to Live. "Well, there is no expectation of fa- for her." he says, "for iir that case one could not call it a true pence. It will only be an armistice whose burden of armaments will bring us to a state of total exhaustion. We cannot for ever hold the entire work! under domi nation. "The situation of our country is most serious in spite of the successes we have won. It is impossible to be mistaken when one coolly considers face to face the resources which our adversaries have at their disposal. A peui* dictated by the military has vors to come in th/s lind of giving. These things are bestowed in order der that the world may be a fitter place to live In that men may be suc cored that homes may be restored that suffering may be relieved that the face of the earth may have the blight of destruction taken away from it, and that wherever force goes there shall go mercy and helpfulness. "And when you give, give absolutely all that you can spare, and don't con sider yourself liberal in the giving. If you give with self-adulation, you are not giving at all, you are giving to your own vanity but if you give until it hurts, then your heart blood goes into it. "And think what we have here. We call it the American Red Cross, but it is merely a branch of a great Interna tional organization, which is not only recognized by the statutes of each of the civilized governments of the world, but it Is recognized by international agreement arid treaty as the reconized and accepted instrument of mercy and suqeor. "And one of the deepest stains that rests upon the reputation of the Ger man army is that they have not res pected the Red Cross. Cross Emblem of Christianity. "That goes to the root of the matter. They have not respected the instru mentality they themselves participated In setting up as the thing which no man was to touch, because It was the expression of common humanity. "We are members, by being members, of the American Red Cross, of a great fraternity and comradeship which ex tends all over the world, and this cross which these ladles bore today is an emblem of Christianity itself. "It fills my imagination, ladles and gentlemen, to think of the women all over this country who are busy to night and are busy every night nnd every day doing the work of the Red Cross busy with great eagerness to find out the most serviceable thing to do busy with a forgetfulness of all the old frivolities of their social rela tionships, ready to curtail the duties of the household In order that they may contribute to this common work that all their hearts are engaged In, and In doing which their hearts be come acquainted with each other. Drawn Into Great Family. "When you think of this you real ize how the people of the United States are being drawn together into a great intimate family, whose heart Is being used for the service of the soldiers not only, but the service of civilians where they suffer and are lost' In a maze of distress and distractions. "And you have, then, this noble pic ture of justice and mercy as the two servants of liberty. For only where men are free do they think the thoughts of comandershlp only where they are free do they think the thoughts of sympathy only where they are free are they mutually helpful only where they are free do they realize their dependence upon one nnother, nnd their comradeship In a common Interest and common neces sity. 0 "I heard a story told the other day that was ridiculous, but it Is worth re peating because it contains the germ of truth. An Indian was enlisted in the army. He returned to the reservation on a furlough. He was asked what he thought of it. He said: 'No much good too much salute not much shoot.' Then he was asked: 'Are you going bock?' *Yes* '"Well, do you know what you are fighting for?' *Yes, me know fight to make whole damn world Democratic party.' "He had evidently misunderstood some Innocent sentence of my own. "But, after all, although there is no party purpose in It, he got It right as far as the, word 'party to inak the whole worn democratic in the sense of community of interest and of purpose, nnd if you ladies and gentlemen could rend some of the touching dispatches which come through official channels, for even through official channels there come voices of humanity that are infinitely pathetic if you could catch some of those voices that speak the utter longing of oppressed and helpless peoples all over the world to hear something like the 'Battle Hymn of the Republic,' to hear the feet of the great hosts of liberty going to set them free, to set their minds free, set their lives free, set their children free, you would know what comes Into the heart of those who are trying to contribute all the brains and power they have to this great enterprise of liberty. "I summon you to the comradeship. I summon you to say how much and how sincerely and how unanimously you sustain the heart of the world." The president marched on foot through Fifth avenue earlier in the day at the head of 75,000 soldiers of mercy. Then, standing in the reviewing stand, he gravely saluted the colors as the women of the Red Cross filed past. They marched in a seemingly endless line, bearing their flags as bravely and wearing their uniforms as proudly as the nation's fighting men. Probably never before had New York seen such a demonstration of patriotism. been concluded in the east and we are beginning to feel the effects of it." French Workers Make Pact. Paris. May -tkA complete under standing has been reached between the leaders of the workers in the Paris districts and Premier Clemenceau. At a meeting at tfhich the questions causing unrest among the workers were discussed the leaders promised the premier they would ssu a notice culling upon the monition workers ts ieeunje work. THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN. M'ADOO REMOVES RAIL PRESIDENTS To Name Chiefs Who Will Be Re sponsible to Regional Heads. SOME MAY 6ET NEW POST Statement Says Wherever Possible Federal Directors Will Be Appoint ed From Among Operating Officers of Property. Washington, May 22.Every rail road president in the United States was relieved from active duty as executive manager of his road by Director Gen eral McAdoo. He will appoint a fed eral director for each road, responsible only to the railroad administration. In many cases the president of the roud may be named federal director. As another step in the reorganiza tion of railroad management, the di rector general ordered the creation of two operating districtsthe Allegheny region, consisting of the principal trunk lines east of Pittsburgh, exclud ing the New York Central, managed by C. H. Markham, now regional director for the South, and the Pocahontas dis trict, consisting of the East- and West trunk lines terminating at Hampton Roads. Statement by McAdoo. The following statement was issued by Director General McAdoo: "In view of the direct responsibility for the operation of the railroads of the country placed upon Director Gen eral McAdoo by the act of congress, and by the proclamations of the presi dent, he has been unable to escape the conclusion that it will be advisable to place in direct charge of each prop erty for operating purposes a repre sentative to be known as the federal manager, who will report to the re gional director. "As far as practicable this federal manager will be chosen from the op erating officers of the particular prop erty who are entirely familiar with its employees and its conditions. "Except so far as may be necessary to meet the emergency conditions which compel the government to take control of the railroads, the federal manager of each railroad will en deavor to avail himself to the fullest extent of the advantages Incident to the operations of the particular rail road as a unit and the preservation of its identity. Seeks Best Results. "This is believed to be of essentbil importance not only to secure the best results during the period of gov ernment cbntrol, but also to give the greatest degree of reassurance to the officers and employees that the rail road careers upon which they have en-# tered will not be narrowed, but if any thing, will be broadened, and to give the "greatest possible reassurance to the stockholders that their just Inter ests in the properties will be respected and that nothing will be needlessly done to have even the appearance of impairing their just rights." I Under the radical plan outlined by Mr. McAdoo, the board of directors of each railroad controlled by the govern ment will operate in purely an ad visory capacity and a railroad presi dent becomes virtually a useless ap pendage to be retained by the stock holders, if at all, as a luxury. More Important Roads. A list of the more important rail roads and the names of their presi dents follow: Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, E. P. Ripley. Boston and Maine, James H. Hustis (receivership). Central Pacific, William F. Herrin. Chicago and Alton, W. G. Bierd. Eastern Illinois, William J. Jackson (receivership). Chicago and Northwestern, R. H. Aishton. Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, Hale Holden. Chicago Great Western, W. L. Park (acting). Chicago, Indianapolis and Louisville, Harry R. Kurrie. Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul. H. E. Byram. Rock Island, J. E. Gorman. Denver and Rio Grande, E. L. Brown. Erie, F. D. Underwood. Great Northern, Louis W. Hill. Illinois Central, C. H. Markham (re- signed). Kansas City Southern, J. A. Edson. Lehigh Valley, E. E. Loomis. Louisville and Nashville, Milton H. Smith. Michigan Central, Alfred H. Smith. Missouri, Kansas and Texas, C. E. Schaff (president and receiver. Missouri Pacific. B. F. Bush. New York Central. Alfred H. Smith. New York, New Haven and Hurt ford. Edward J. Pearson. Northern Pacific, Jule M. Hannaford. Pennsylvania, Samuel Rea. Pere Marquette, F. H. Alfred. Seaboard Air Line, William J. Hara han. Southern Pacific, William Sproule. Southern railway, Fairfax Harrison. Wabash, Edward F. Kearney. Union Pacific, E. E. Calvin. Chicago Club Ousts Germans. Chicago, May 18.Eighteen alien enemy employees were discharged by the Chicago Athletic association in pursuance of its policy of excluding such aliens from the premises of the club. PLANT RIGHT VETCH SEED FOR BIG CROP Mow to Distinguish Varieties and Common Adulterants. Success Rests Fundamentally en Use of Proper SeedOne Thrives in Northern States and Other Where Climate Is Mild. (Prepared by the United States Depart' ment of Agriculture.) Success in the growing of vetches rests fundamentally on the use of proper seed. Common vetch can be successfully grown only where the winters are mild, while hairy vetch can withstand the winters even in the Northern states and will not grow successfully when sown in the spring in regions where the summers are very hot. While actual misbranding Is Infre- Qood Stand of Hairy Vetch in Rv Rye Furnishes Support for Trailing Vetch. quent, adulteration by tue use of large quantities of seed of other vetches and similar plants has become a common practice. Seed of common vetch aver age considerably larger than those of hairy vetch. They are slightly flat tened, which prevente them from roll ing readily. The surface is more or less distinctly mottled, the color of the seed ranging from light brown *o green. In old seed the general color is dark. Seeds of hairy vetch are small and nearly spherical, the usual color rang ing from gray to leaded black. New seed may be somewhat brown or greet A conclusive distinction between the two kinds is seen In the seed scars with the aid of a magnifier, The scars of common vetch are narrowly wedge shaped and have a slight ridge, while the scar In the hairy vetch is broad and oval. In shape and is often split along the center. When one is fa miliar with the appearance of vetch seed and can recognize it by means of the scar as seen under a magnifier, the detection of other seeds used in adul teration is not difficult FERTILIZERS FOR GOOD CROP Wastes Obtained in Utilization of All Plant Products May Be Made Use Of. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.)' Since fertilizers are used as food for plants it will follow that plants, and particularly certain parts of plants, may serve as fertilizers for a new crop. This fact has long been recognized, and the wastes obtained in the utilization of all plant products may therefore be disposed of for fer tilizer use.- At one time a plant waste known as cottonseed meal, ob tained in the manufacture of cotton seed oil. constitute the largest single source of nitrogenous material used in fertilizers, and the quantity still used for this purpose is In excess of 300,000 tons annually. Plant wastes of this kind, together with certain ani mal wastes, as dried blood, are now being used, however, more and more as feed for animals but even in the utilization of organic wastes fertiliz ers will no doubt still always con sume the greater number of products, for all may be used for fertilizer man ufacture, but all are not suited as food for animals. A case of this kind Is seen in the recovery of potash as a by-product In the manufacture of nicxv tine from tobacco waste. In this there is also furnished' another illus tration of the use as a fertilizer of a waste product recovered in the utilis ation of a waste. Summing up, it may be stated that Industrial wastes furnished about 40 per cent of the potash, 8 per cent of the phosphoric acid, and 85 per cent of the nitrogen used in this conn try in 1916. The potash was obtained from suc% wastes as tobacco stems, cottonseed bolls, hardwood ashes, washings, blast furnace flue dust, cement flue dust, and sugar residues the phosphoric add was furnished by such materials as-bones, shells, fish scrap, and basic slag, and the nitrogen was obtained from wastes In the manufacture of castor, linseed, and fish oils from ani mal wastes, as blood, hair, horns, hoofs, nnd hides, from leather and wool wastes, and from coke What Do Ton Know About CATTLE? Do Yon Want to Know the CATTLE BUSINESS? Drop us a .post card today anl 1 INFORMATION SbO the Now Book, get FRB "CATTLE. BREEDS AND OMGDf" about aU breeds of cattle on earth I I. OAVID ROBOTS' VETERINARY CO., A 100, WAUKESHA. More Grub. "What we need," declared the first Russian, "is a man on horseback." "Yes," assented the other one, "wl* could use a little horse meat, that's true." You MA Try Cuticura Free Send today f-r free samples of Cuti cura Soap and Ointment and learn how quickly tbey relieve Itching, skin and calp troubles. For free samples, address, "Cuticura, Dept. X, Boston." At druggists and by mail. Soap 25 Ointment 25 and 50.Adv. Wourd Show It. "Maude could never stick her nose other people's business without be ing found out." "Why so?" "She's got too much powder on It." To keep clean and healthy take Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. They regu late liver, bowels and stomach.Adv. Overburdened. ParkSenator Sideswipe seems to be a gloomy person. WoodYes it is some sort of inter nal trouble. ParkOrganic? WoodMouth organic, I'd call it. ParkI fail to get you. WoodWell, he prepared a ten hour speech not long ago and congress adjourned before he got a chance to spring it. ParkDisappointed-, eh? WoodYes hut it isn't that so much as the fact that he is still carry ing It around in his system.Youngs town Telegram. Missing Something. "How long has Giddersly had his au tomobile?" "About two years." "He tells me he has never had his hands on the steering wheel, therefore has never broken a speed law, made a pedestrian leap for his life, or*furned a corner in imminent deadly peril." "That's probably true. A motorcar to Giddersly is a conveyance and noth ing more."Birmingham Age-Herald. The Remedy. "My daughter thinks of nothing In the world but dressing up." "Then why not give her a dr-essing Jown?" Save your money and thrive, or pay the price In poverty and disgrace Andrew Jackson. VarDnands Savingof Fuel. Useofother GrainswithWheat -No Waste. Grapetts answers every demand. Its an economical,nouT ishing and deli cious rood,abuild- erand mamtainer ofVigorandHealth. Try it. "There's Reason"