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Vol. XVI. I Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. BUSH/BEAULIEU, Founder. Edited bf THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency, Minnesota. Eniered at the Poatofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the lecond class. SUISCHIPTIOI: S1.MPEB I I ADfAKCt Beaulieu, a small inland town, Mahnomen county, has torts (40) great-big-bright Service Stars on its war shield. Every one of them represents a 99 per cent Loyal Chi ppewa Indian youth too! ^ho said "incompetent?" Among the galaxy of great big bright Service Stars which shines and glimmers on White Earth's proud war escutheon may be men tioned, DeLaocy Davis, James Warren, Marcellus Morrison, Ken neth Morrison, George Peake, Vernon Davis who are commission ed officers in the military service and Arthur Fosteris also an officer in the Aviation service and all ofquestionable these 99 per cent loyal Americans, not the imported stock, but the genuine simon pure native Ameri can, are now actively engaged, fighting on the French front. And we are well pleased to note that none of these doughty native war riors have been educated in thedisreputable costly Indian boarding schools either. p*- Our attention was recently called to a ainistrous article, published in the Chicago Blade, reputed to beans, .of pronounced "yellow journal" type, and which article is mainly directed and antagonistic to thewere progressive members of the reser vation and tending to disparage the merits and purposes of the General Council, Minnesota Chip pewas. While we loathe to give sparse attention such egregious "white wash slops" we are con strained to say that such lame table perversion of the true state of ex isting affairs on the allotted terri tory of White Earth savors of the rankest misrepresentation and iswomen evidently the shallow mental vapor ing of some misguided admirer or over zealous servile henchman of the agency or Indian bureau ser vice. The public school census, recent ly completed, for public school dis iriet No. 112, including the village of White Earth, enumerate one hundred and forty-seven (147) boys and girls. And all these children, excepting probably six are mem bers of the reservation and who, in addition to the twelre hundred r more of the Indian pupils who attend the public schools of Beck er, Mahnomeo and Clearwater counties, are excluded from par ticipation in the big tribal funds which is annually appropriated by direction of the faditn bureau for the maintenance of the costly edu cational almshouse, better known as the agency boarding school, but who are compelled, onder present rules and regulations, to pay their per capita share for maintenance and support and from which vast Appropriation tbey derive absolute ly no benefits. "Bicde of a feather flack to getker," was proverbially illustra ted here daring toe the Linnen Wadsworth inquisitional j#nket. The most decidedly manifest feat are of the principal actors in this ridiculous parady on %*fair play and justice/' was their apparent exciu- A few years ago and at the time the Burch regime was at the height of its activities in the matter of Indian allotment transfer and the precincts of two States was being scoured for evi dence to establish the proper blood status and residental rights of a large number of the leading pro gressive members of the reserva tion, it was common talk that the Tom Harper and others of his ilk attached to the Burch gang, were especially active among Indian back-woods settle ments, holding cabalistic brush councils and informing many Indi who had previously disposed of their allotments, (representing under SOLEMN OATHg that they "mixed-blood members of the reservation and had a perfectly valid right to sell and dispose of their said allotments,) that if he or she would SWEAR ANOTHER SWEAR that they were "full blood Indian" their previous allot ment transfer would be cancelled and they, the Indian member who had previously sold, would get ifck his.or her allotment." Under these pernicious representations a thousand or more Indian men andan were persuaded to commit a willful violation of their former oaths, perjured their body and soul, and this without the liability of censure or the serious consequences which attaches to the crime of per jury at law. It is to be wondered at that the average full-blood and so called incompetent Indian men and women of to day, especially the warehouse elementshould mani fest so little consideration or remixed-bloods spect for the solemn sacredness of of an oath! and, who is to blame! Assinine AssumptionI A gentlemen who was present at a session of the Linnen-Wadsworth inquistional junket which took place at Twin Lakes on July 30tb, 1918, submits the following version pf hi* observations: 'The Jpdian bureau investigation took place at Twin Lakes on July 30th. 1918, with Inspector Linnen presiding. Wadsworth Rav ing been recalled- Most of the time was employed by the small caba listic aggregation in spasmodic spurts of acrimonious agitation and denouncement of their pro gressive mixed-blood kindred and the utility and purpose of the Gen eral Council, MinnesotaChi ppewas and the officials thereof. These unreserved expressions of acrimo- OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 'Truth before siveness and unconcealed estrange- ed blood kindred were received by ment from the intelligent and pro- the would be investigators with gressive classes of the reservation generally. On the other hand, when not otherwise ensconed with in the luxurious domiciliary pre cinct of one or the other of thehouse agency employees, they were either surrounded or holding close com munion with members of the caba listic warehouse and incompetent element. And when some of the more intelligent and progressive members did venture to approach the "representative dignity" of Indian bureau justice they were generally subject to a chilly and indifferent mete coupled with the insolent annoyance of some mem ber of the incompetent warehouse orotegee. And the Indian bureau would have the people of theasked White Earth reservation believe that this is what they (the Indian bureau officials) conceive to be a "through, fair and impartial in vestigation!" Faugh! such piti able example of paltry degenerate conception are deserving of com miseration rather than envy. THE TOMAHAWK much apparent satisfaction and pleasure. The assembly, besides the Government officials. Was com posed of about 18 or 20 of the ware element, a portion of which had also taken part in the meetings at White Earth and Be&ulieu. When it was time to vote on tn*e question and maintenance of theting Indian boarding school and ware house, the Interpreter, after atat ing the question would say that it was "time to hold up hands" and all Would hold up bands and 'tis said some of them held up both hands. When the question of maintaining the White Earth agen cy, came up the same thing hap pened, but this time the Inspector if there was any one present who wished to vote against the maintenance of the agency, John YV. Carl, who had not heretofore taken any part in the investigation arose and said be wanted to vote against it and would make a state ment giving his rersons why he done so, thereupon the Inspector told Carl, that he would, have to be sworn if he wanted to make any statements, Mr. Carl, being sworn proceeded as follows: "My friends, I want to vote against the maintenance of the agency for the following reason: while 1 was in Washington lasted winter, I heard the Commissioner of the Indian affairs make the state ment before the United States Sen ate Committee on affairs, that 90 percent O the Indians on theGeorge White Earth reservation were com* petent and do not need any further supervision of the Indian bureau. This being the case that left only 10 per cent Indians to be super vised by the Indian bureau and this being true, 90 per cent of the expenses should be eliminated and also eliminate 90 per cent of the employees. If the agency would be maintained thusly, I would vote in favor of it, but to maintain it as heretofore, I would vote against it most emphatically." -The Inspector asked Mr. Carl, where, when and by whom the statement was made, the reply was that Mr- Merritt, the Assistant Commissioner, appearing in the capacity of Commissioner of Indi affairs, made the statement be fore the United States Senate com mittee on Indian affairs at Wash ington last winter, Mr. Carl told the Inspector that he would gladly furnish the record if requested. The Inspector somewhat per turbed pver Mr. Carl's disclosure, unbosomed himself of the follow ing egotistic assumption: "pro bably 90 per cent of the Indians on the White Earth reservation are and have been given their lands, but many of them sold their al'-otments and have no land left and this shows that they are not competent"! Shades of depart ed Chief Justice Marshall defend us! Admitting that the crude con structive legal definition of the special representative of the Hon. Secretary of the Interior is true, then on the same basis it could be assnmed that "if a person owns no land or other visable competency he is likewise incompenent. And that being the case how many of the 7,000 employees of the Indian oureau are, in a verbal sense, com petent? Higher Education In 1013 Congress, through the earnest co operation of ex-Senator Moses E. Clapp, and Hon. Halvor Steenerson, 9th Dist., Minn., voted nious beliger.acy by the few ware-'froanChippewa fibal funds, for bou*ers pretest against their mix the purpose of Higher Education appropriation, reimbursiable White Earth, Becker Cunty, Minnesota, Thursday, August IS. 1918. NNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Favor." for Indian youths, members of the.of White Earth reservation. The measure met with the disfavor of the Indian bureau from the start and which disfavor developed into most atreneous objection concern ing the particular school which the eligible student should attend. The White Earth Board of Indian Edu cation favored the plan of permit students to remain in thehigher*education schools which they hacl previously attended and pursueing their stud ies as usual and without interrup tion while the Indian bureau were inclined to favor the Keewatin, Wisconsin, experimental education al plan. The disposition of theof funds was, as a matter of conse quence, dead locked. The presi dent wasfinallyappealed to by the tribal school board and on Dec. 13vided 1913,. a few days after the appeal was made, the agency office was directed to inform the members of the Board or Indian Education that the $4,000 appropriated for 'higher education," was available and would be paid to such students as the said board had deciced to elect. The Board of Indian Education had previously recommended the following students who had passed the required examination: DeLancy and Vernon Davis, James B. War ren, Robert Leith, William Mc Arthur and Clifford Price, assign at Pillsbury Academy, Owaton na, Minn., Francis D. Beaulieu, law student, Minnesota College of Law, and Arthur Foster, Chicago University, Medical Department, Peake, Minneapolis College of Law, (9 in number). It is plea sing to note that all of these young men made good, decidely so. At the present time there are six these young men officers in the military and one iu aviation branch of the government war service and all are fighting on the French front. Francis D. Beau lieau is a prosperous attorney and Robert Leith is occupied as freight agent on the N. P. R. Facts and figures don't lie and this demonstrates conclusively that will do for the progressive, wide a wake modern Indian when given an equal oppor-. tunity in the public schools and! higher institutions of learning and THE TOMAHAWK, CHALLENGES' COMPARSION with the product any of the several costly Indian boarding schools which are now being conducted under the super vision of the Indian bureau pro with a faculty selected and protected undei civil service rules and regulations. Nearly $6,000,000 of Chippewa tribal funds have been appropriated squandered away, under the re strictcd paternal policy of the Indi an bureau within the past twenty six years for so-called "relief and civilization of the Minnesota Chip pewas". A large portion of this vast sum has been expended for the maintenance of unqualified govern ment Indian boarding schools and which but megre results, material and practical, to show for it to day. And notwithstanding this costly alms-house school service, which is nothing more nor less than breed ing-pens of demoralization, a clear ing house for future paupers and dependents of the State bounty, the Indian bureau continues insist ent that this nefarious practice be permitted to continue. When you want the best White Earth, In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, Srv* 1 i 4 WfST? HBI Published in behalf of, and to secure the we/fare of the Indians of the United States. MINNP No. 17. W^ POCKET BILLIARDS Cigars & Tobacco, Soft Drinks, Confections, 1 carry a full line of Cigars, Cigarretts and Tobacco. A good place to spend the evening. Come in and get acquainted. GEO. J.JOHNSON, Prop. White Earth, Minn. Finest line of Stationery and School Supplies MAGAZINE Subscriptions. Wage's Stationary Storo. i White Earth, Minn. W MMM*W*V| Now is the time subscription. to pay that riinnesota.