Poultry ralsfng Is excellent work
for the girls In the home. It affords
exercise in the open, allows an op
portunity for the girls to earn spend
ing money and train their minds In
animal husbandry and the economy of
Poultry raising under the supervi
sion of some girls is very profitable.
With all the facilities for raising
fowls that may be found on most
farms the girls have opportunities for
building up a pleasant and profitable
One of the faults of our economic
system of farming Is that it does not
afford adequate opportunity for the
girls to become efficient, self-support
ing and Independent when this be
comes necessary. By giving the girls
.a chance with poultry they may earn
enough to support themselves if nec
essary, even pay their way through
college. How to Select Ideal Gamp
Site for a Summer Outing
When you make your camp,,pick out
rise of ground where there Is good
drainage, and where the trees are not
too thick, for good circulation of air
Is Important, says Boys' Life, the Boy
Scouts' Magazine. Avoid large soft
wood trees such as cottonwood, poplar
and soft maple, as the limbs break off
as!1y in a storm and a big branch
might come crashing down on your
tent and seriously Injure the occupants.
3oo campers do not pitch their tents
directly under large oak, elm, ash or
hard maples, as those trees are most
frequently struck by lightning. Avoid
rank grass, for that is a sign of exces
sive moisture. Never pitch camp In
narrow ravines or gullies, for frequent
ly In sudden storms they carry small
torrents of water which would flood
S When passion Is king, reason S
Is dethroned. 5
3 Any roan who speaks nothing 5
but the truth Is never garru- 5
3 lous. 3
3 Politics may not pay, but most E
5 candidates are compelled to E
E pat up. 3
5 If Ananias were living todny
S he would not be considered so 3
2 much. 5
E Every man knows how mean 3
S his acquaintances are, but he is
E never absolutely sure about him- E
S self. S
How Prisoners of War Are Caredfof by U. S. Red Cross Agents
Eat! Eat! Eat!
That's what every captured American proceeds to do when he reaches
the prison camp at Brandenburg, Germany, to which naval captives are sent
When the prisoner arrives after a long Journey to a German port and
through the Limburg concentration prison, he is met by Chief Gunner's Mate
James Delaney and three other American prisoners who constitute the Amer-
ican help committee of the American Red Cross in Brandenburg camp, about
20 miles from Berlin.
To meet just such a contingency the American Red Cross from its prison-
er's relief warehouse at Berne has sent this committee a stock of emergency
food parcels and supplies of clothing and various comforts, such as soap,
brushes, towels, etc.
There are no speeches Of welcomefor the men are anything but wel-
comejust a good American handshake, and the committee hands over Red
Cross parcel containing ten pounds of real American "eats."
Most of the food Is cooked and ready to be wolfed by a man who has his
own opinion about the sustaining powers of thin soup. When finally the
sailor stretches and sighs the sigh of the well fed, the committee shoots its
This, too, is answered from another Red Cross package containing the
cigarettes, pipe and tobacco.
The arrival is then given a post card addressed to the prisoners' relief
bureau at Berne. This card gives the Red Cross facts which it communicates
to the prisoner's family in America. The card adds a new name to the list of
military and civil prisoners to whom the American Red Cross eajch week
sends 20 pounds of bread, meat, fish, dried fruit, vegetables, sugar, coffee,
The card also gives the sizes of shoes and garments the prisoner wears
so that uniforms or other clothing can bo supplied. Smokers receive regular
packages of tobacco.
These shipments are made from the vast stores which the Red Cross has
collected at Berne for the relief of captured Americans in Germany, enough
to maintain 22,000 Americans for six months.
No American prisoner needs anything beyond what Is being supplied to
him except spending money. In fact, Franklin Abbott, director of the depart-
ment of prisoners' relief, urges relatives of captured men not to attempt to
send them parcels.
"But do the American prisoners get these Red Cross shipments?" Is a
question asked frequently.
"They do," Is Mr. Abbott's positive answer. "The American Red Cross
has means of making certain that the prisoners get what Is sent Every
package calls for return of a receipt signed by the prisoner.
"If any one fails to acknowledge a package, an immediate Inquiry Is
started. If the package miscarried, the International Red Cross, through
neutral agencies In Germany, finds out what became of the shipment.
i "We have a similar committee for army prisoners at Tuchel In charge of
Sergeant Halyburton. These stocks ore not large, just a few hundred par-
cels, but we maintain these stocks at a point where we believe they will
feed any reasonable number of prisoners until the weekly shipments from
Berne come through."
This the Talking Nation.
It is said we are a nation of talkers,
because this country uses four times as
many telephones as all the rest of the
world. And may be the charge is true,
for It Is the women who do most of the
talking over the telephone men, as a
rale, dislike to use the instrument.
Twelve million telephones are in use in
the Cnited States. Among the cities.
New lork leads, with 700,000.
Ping Bodie Is One of New
York Yanks' Heavy Hitters
and Is Doing Good Service
Ping Bodie Is one of the New York
Yankees' heaviest batters. Miller
Hugglns seems to be getting more
baseball out of him than did any other
manager. Bodie was with the White
Sox for some time and was criticized
so extensively by the press and his
manager that he was unable to play
to the "true worth of his talent. He
went back to the coast and was pur
chased by Connie Mack for whom he
shone with the bat. Hugglns desired
ii slugging ball club and purchased
Bodie from Mack and has had no cause
to regret it, for the chunky outfielder Is
rapping the ball timely, is playing a
nice game in the field and has not
been accused of perpetrating any
"boners" on the bases.
Each Hen Should Produce
Ten Dozen Eggs Per Year.
The average novlnce can reasonably
expect to get an average of at least
ten dozen eggs per hen per year from
his small flock In the back yard. On
the basis of two hens to each member
of the family, according to the depart
ment of agriculture, this will give 20
dozen eggs in a year to each person,
which amount Is about halfway be
tween the general average of farm and
city consumption. No back yard poul
try keeper should be satisfied with less
than this. Every back yard poultry
keeper Should try to get as much more
To provide an egg a day for each
person, two hens would have to lay
183 eggs each per year. This is by no
means an impossible average for small
flocks. It is perhaps not too much to
say that in cases where the person at
tending the flock Is practically "on
the job" all the time, that is. In a posi
tion to look after the wants of the
birds three or more times a day. an
average of better than 13 dozen eggs
per hen can easily be secured. If the
hens are mature and in good condition
at the start, and have the vitality to
carry them through a year of heaty
Big Increase in the Maple
Sugar and Sirup Production
In 1918 Over Previous Yean
The maple sugar crop of 1918 in the
13 states, which Include nearly all the
producing region, was 13,270,900
pounds, and the sirup production was
4,905,200 gallons, according to the gov
ernment market report. The total of
sugar and sirup, counting one gallon
of sirup as equivalent to eight pounds
of sugar, would be 52,512,500 pounds
of sugar. The production In 1917 was
10,838,650 pounds of sugar and 4,286,-
100 gallons of sirup, both being equiv
alent to 45,127,400 pounds of sugar.
The 13 states covered by this report
produced about 99 per cent of the to
tal maple sugar and sirup In the cen
sus year 1909.
The principal region of production
extends from northwestern Ohio
through New York to Vermont and In
cludes parts of Maine, New Hamp
shire, Massachusetts and Pennsyl
vania. Outside of this region there
is also production of Importance In
the mountain country beginning with
the southern counties of Pennsylvania
and extending th/ough western Mary
land into scattered localities in West
Virginia also In parts of Michigan,
Wisconsin' and Indiana.
The Increased demand and higher
prices for maple sugar and sirup help
ed to cause a larger number of
trees to be tapped In 1918 than In
1917, or even In 1909. A total of 19,-
298,200 trees were tapped In* 1918, of
which 15,616,000, or 81 per cent, were
in the four states of Vermont, New
York, Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Weather conditions In the northern
part of the sugar region, namely, In
New England, New York, Pennsyl
vania and Michigan, were favorable.
There were cold nights alternating
with warmer days.
Observations of American
Soldiers on Gentle Art of
Bombing Hospitals by Huns
The Hun has bombed hospitals, off
and on, all during the war. Hitherto
he has covered it up by complaining
that the houses of mercy were placed
too close to the front, near military
centers which are perfectly fair game,
and that any strafing of the helpless
was quite Incidental and, therefore, In
a sense, regrettable. But his recent
attack in force with more than 20 air
planes upon a plainly marked group of
hospltul buildings far behind the Brit
ish linesthe raid having obviously
that objectivefar surpasses all his
previous performances of frightful
The Hun no longer apologizes. He
no longer pleads "military necessity"
as excuse for his slaughter of the
helpless. He glories in his guilt.
Fatuous people who still believe, In
the face of such proof as this, that a
negotiated peace with "liberal" Ger
many Is within the range of probabil
ity ought to be led quietly by the hand
and placed In a retreat for the feeble
minded. There is only one way to
deal with, the Hun. Thank God we
have learned that way!The Stars
and Stripes, Official paper of the A. E.
A senator said the other day:
"Attacks on Hog island are ill con
ceived. Hog island assailants have
looked too suspiciously at perfectly in
"It's like the young married man
who stepped into a coal dealer's and
"'Send me rqund a ton of coal,
'Yes, sir. What size?' the dealer
The young man looked at the dealer
"'Exactly the 2,240-pound size,' he
said, in a stern voice."
A Long Shot.
does the lady
"She says It is
something with a
queer narife, some
"Try her on the
Desire for Knowledge.
"There Is one thing I want to know,
"What is it, son?"
"Can swordflshes fence?"
Paw, Take Shame to Yourself!
May (reading the newspaper)I see
here where two fellers was arrested
while they were robbin' the same place
the second time.
Paw (with an exasperating grin)
By gum, that's what I'd call a repeatin'
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MINN.
"A friend of
Jaggsby sent him
a case of cham
pagne and it fell
into his wife's
"Did she score
him about It?"
"No. she Just
"That photograph flatters your hus-
"Yes. He says he's a going to hare
something In this house that will say
1 a kind word for him."
July the Hottest
August Is Often a Close Sec
ond With Extreme Heat
Throughout the northern hemisphere
July is recognized as the warmest
month of the year, though August is
often a close second and has many
days of extreme heat. This heated
term in July continues, notwithstand
ing the sun has begun Its course of re
cession from the Tropic of Cancer.
July was originally the fifth month
of the Boman year and for that reason
bore the name "Quintills." In the
Alban calendar It had 36 days. Romu
lus reduced it to 31 and Numa to 30
days. So it stood for several centuries.
It was restored to 31 days by Julius
Caesar, who felt a personal Interest
in Qulntilis, as It was his birth month.
After the death of Caesar, who had
largely reformed *the calendar, Mark
Anthony changed the name to July in
honor of the family of Caesar. It is
laid "this month was selected for this
distinction when the sun was most po
tent to denote that Julius was the em
peror of the world and therefore the
appropriate leader of one-half of the
The Saxons caled July the "hay
month," because the hay was usually
mowed in that month. They also can
ed it the "mead or meadow month"
from the meads being then in bloom.
A patent has been granted for
an egg substitute made chiefly
from thoroughly cooked yams.
Chiefly for roofing automo
biles, an imitation glass that re
sembles celluloid has been In
vented in Euorpe.
Becent government statistics
have shown that clay products
are being made in every ^n of
the United States.
Drinking cups are made from
rhinoceros horn by natives of
Sumatra, who believe that they
River Postgirl on theThames
Maiden Makes Daily Delivery to Houseboats and Other Points
Along the Stream
Girls! What would you do if you had to get up at five o'clock every
morning, go to the post office for your bag of mall and then row around a
river for some seven miles delivering the mall to the houseboats, and some-
times finding that during the night a houseboat had broken loose from its
moorings and drifted another five miles down the river and you had to row
like fury to catch up with it, because you had a special delivery letter for the
party on board? Again what would you do? What would you say? Well,
here Is elghteeq-year-old Doris Beaumont of Staines, England who Is doing
that very thing and appears to enjoy it. She has been appointed postgirl by
the postmaster general and is starting on her morning trip up the river
Thames with her bag of mail.
War Trenches, One of the
Most Ancient War Devices
The trench, consisting of a protec
tive ditch with or without a defensive
earth work in front, is one of the most
obvious devices of warfare and doubt
less one of the most ancient. It is
mentioned In the Bible several times
and we are told that when David pur
sued Saul and overtook him encamp
ed, "Saul lay sleeping within the trench
and his spear stuck in the ground at
his bolster." Shakespeare knew the
military use of trenches. In the play
of "Coriolanus," laid in the time of
ancient Borne, he speaks of the enemy
"following us to our trenches," and
again of "our party to their trenches
driven." These and other quotations
that could be given show that trenches
are by no means a modern device. The
fighters of old knew how to dig them
selves in. The modern trench is mere
ly an improvement and elaboration of
an old device.
Eagles of Olympus.
Eagle hunting Is a casual pastime for
at least one allied aviator. Flight
Captain Mortureaux of the French* Sa
lonika army, shot two while flying near
Mount Olympus. He landed, secured
the game, and returned to bis hangar
TO THE SISTER
You were only a kid, little sister,
When I started over the sea.
But you've grown quite a lot since I
And you've written a letter to me
lt's a secret, and we'll keep it well.
Tour brother and you and the ocean.
And nobody's going to tell.
Tou were only a tot when I left you,
I remember I bade you good-by,
And kissed you, a little bit flustered,
And you promised you never would cry.
But I know that you cried, little sister,
As soon as I'd gone out the door,
And did I cry myself: I'm a soldier.
So don't ask me anything more.
I think of you often, kid sister
You're the only kid sister I've got
I know you'll be good to your mother.
And I know that you'll help her a lot.
And whenever she seems to be gloomy,
You've just got to cheer her somehow.
You were only a kid to your brother.
But you're more than the world to him
From Stars and Stripes, France.
Startling Defects Develop
in Rigorous Aviation Tests
for Air Service in Army
That a startling percentage of men
now being accepted for air service
have* hidden physical weaknesses that
may prove their undoing Is Indicated
by new scientific tests that have been
made on a large number of newly en
listed airmen, says John Anson Ford
in Popular Mechanics Magazine. These
tests, which reveal so much of vital
import for our armies, have been made
ry a Chicago specialist, Capt. Charles
Moore Bobertson of the Medical Be
serve corps, who has fitted up for the
purpose a cabinet in which eitch flier
to-be was placed and subjected to at
mospheric conditions Identical, so far
as pressure Is concerned, with those
obtaining in flying, the air being rare
fied by means of a powerful pump.
Each man was examined both before
and after being confined in the cabinet,
each examination consisting in taking
the blood pressure, ascertaining the
muscle tone by measuring the dura
tion of one nerve,impulse with a dyna
mometer and stop watch, and in re
volving the subject in a pivoted chair.
The records show that the first* ex
aminations gave no indication of the
condition that would exist after the
"flight," over 25 per cent of the men
proving unfit, according to these tests.
For this reason it Is strongly contended
that a most serious mistake is being
made In accepting men for air service
merely on the basis of a physical ex
amination made without taking into
account the effect of sudden changes of
War Is Work, Despite Views
Many May Have of Conflict
The glory of war stands out when
you think of war, not as romance or
duty or sacrifice or idea, but as work.
Bill and Tommy and Jean and Hans in
the trenches may curse at the diplo
mats who have brought them into the
mess, grumble at the officers who lead
them into death traps, at the commis
sariat that underfeeds them, at the or
derlies who come too late with their
stretchers and morphine but that is
precisely the same way in which a man
responds to his employer, his fore
man, and his grocer and butcher. In
peace time. Few of us. in the normal
life, relish the particular job set for
us. but the job as a whole is something
which will not admit of question. Sup
pose we do ask the men in the trenches
why they are fighting and they can
not tell us why. What then? They
are fighting because for the time be
ing war is work.Atlantic
Snakes are Food Savers and
Harmless Varieties Destroy
Many Grain-Eating RodentsJ
Snakes are a valuable asset and
there should be a campaign against
killing them, writes Gayne T. K. Nor
ton in American Forestry Maga
zine. The article goes on to show
what the snake does for food conser
vation by way of killing rodents and
insects, the greatest enemies to grain
that man knows. The public has be
come acquainted with snakes as never
before, writes Mr. Norton, because of
the thousands who haye been engaged
In the campaign for war gardens that
has been conducted by the national
emergency food garden commission,
"With this summer the millions of
war gardens have given the snake
popular interest Tremendously in
creased tillage has brought people and
"Unless much education work is
done the number of snakes that will
be killed next year by the well-mean
ing but misinformed gardeners will be
very large. Our snakes are a national
asset worth many millions of dollars
and should be conserved. The relation
It bears to successful crops is im
portantmore important^ than even
the average farmer realizes.
"Beptiles are not enemies. They
never attack unless In self defense. Of
our 151 species, but 17 are poisonous
two species of Elaps, coral snake, and
15 species of Crotaline snakes, the cop
perhead and moccasin, the dwarf and
typical rattlesnakes. On the other
hand the help rendered is valuable.
The pests destroyed each year, espe
cially the rodents that injure crops
and communicate diseases, roll up a
large balance of good service In their
'Rodents are destroyers of farm
products, cause loss by fire through
gnawing matches and insulation from
electric wires, and of human life
through germ carrying, particularly
the bubonic plague. They also destroy
eggs, young poultry, squabs and pig
eons, birds and young rabbits, pigs
and lambs. A loss to husbandry not
estimated In figures, but realized as
extensive, Is due to the killing of fruit
trees by girdling or other Injuries to
the bark by species of wild rodents.
As a destructive agency the rodents
have no rival.
"The gross ignorance regarding our
snakes causes slaughter of all things
that wear scales and crawl. Farmers
should protect and breed the harmless
snakes rather than kill them. Many
European countries have protective
Mother's Cook Boole
Work and be happy from sun to sun.
For the hdusekeepers' work is never done
But thank the good father for work to do
For the children's love, for the husband
What Shall We Have to Eat?
Peanuts are wholesome, nutritious
and economicalthree good reasons
why we should serve them in various
ways to save more expensive foods.
Take a cupful of freshly washed,
shelled nuts, run them through the
food chopper, being careful to remove
all the thin, brown skins from the nuts
before grinding. Add one cupful each
Of boiled potatoes, cut fine, and one
cupful of bread crumbs. Mix with a
cupful of milk, season well with salt,
pepper, onion or parsley. Melt a table
spoonful of sweet fat in a frying pan,
add the hash and cook slowly until
well browned. Serve with currant
Peanut Irish Stew.
Slice thin six large onions and cut in
cubes an equal measure of uncooked
potatoes cook until the potatoes are
half done then add half a cupful of
finely chopped roasted peanuts and
cook until the vegetables are tender.
When ready to serve add a half a cup
ful of peanuts cut in halves.
Blanch and chop two tablespoonfuls
of peanuts and fry brown In two table
spoonfuls of fat. Mix together one
tablespoonful each of chutney and
Worcestershire sauce, two small pickled
cucumbers, chopped, and salt and pep
per to taste. Add to the peanuts, then
spread on small squares of hot but
tered toast or fried bits of bread.
Shell unroasted peanuts, pour boil
ing water over them, letting it stand
until the skins are easily removed.
Place a pint of these in a bean pot
with two quarts of water, season with
salt and paprika, cover and bake slow
ly until soft and mealy, which will re
quire about eight hours.
Peanuts chopped or peanut butter
used with rice, adds the needed fat
to make a well-balanced dish.
Beautiful French Toys.
"Made in Germany" used to be the
label on beautiful things that came out
of Santa's pack, but now it is changed
to "Made in France." Dainty little
French mademoiselles, stocky Breton
peasants, sturdy poilus, and American
soldiers, all kinds of queer animals
that would delight a child and won
derful wooden scenes of farmyards and
gardens are the handiwork of wounded
French soldiers and have been made
under the direction of famous artists,
who have donated their services to the
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