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Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen, THE. TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas.' BUS H. BEAULIEU, Feuder. Edited by THE TQMAlAWt PUB. CO,our White Earth Ajeacy. Mlncsota. Entered at the Poetofflce at Whjte Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the econd class. SU8SCMPTI0I: S1.58PER TEAR II AOIIICl ROLL of HONOR. 6.000 SIX THOUSAND 6,000 Native Americans, Indiana if you please, in the Military Service of the United States, and this does not include a large number in the Navy. August ls% 1918. 1 THE TOMAHAWK'S slogan to the German% peace overtures:UN CONDITIONAL SURRENDER "I can assert honestly and con scientiously that no roan having Indian blood mayexpec^anhonest and impartial hearing in, Becker county courts, thought his char acter, reputation and motives are admitted to be good."James I. Coffey, Most assutfdly the people of Becker county are decidedly ad verse to any disreputable egotist, Indian or otherwise, be he James I. Coffey or another, who would wilfully and maliciously malign or "filch the good name" of any of Becker county's reputable citizens. A Voice From Too Crave. During the month of August, 1887, thirty^one years ago, the Senate subcommittee began an investigation of the affairs of the White Earth reservation which had become odious and unbearable. The Committee was composed of Senator H. L. Dawes, of Massa chusetts, chairman of the Indian Senate Committee and author of the "land in severalty" measure severance of tribal relations among the Chippewa Indians and give us the necessary information on the subject which we .have started to investigate." "It has been demonstrated to satisfaction that the Chippe was and other Indians in this sec tion of the country are fully cap able of. properly administering their affairs and we snail endeavor to encourage, this idea to 'the ut most." Think of it, thirty-one years ago many of the most distinguished statesmen and churchmen of the northwest, men well qualified and versed as to the ability and de pressing political conditions of the Minnesota Cbippewas advocated the severance of their tribal rela tions and absolute divorce from Indian bureau dominance. Yet we have today the melancholy spectacle of Indian bureau officials in the person of J. H. Hint-n superintendent at this agency, ad vocating the continuance of the present depressing system of the Indian bureau over the affairs of the Minnesota Chippewas the care and support of about 10 per cent of the so-called* dependent full blood element, and which would furnish a pretext for the main tenance of agencies, a horde of employees and the continuance of the costly mediaeval government school system, "UNTIL THE EXPIRATION OF THE PERIOD IN 1939." In addition to the dismal prattle1 of the Indian bureau minions in behalf of Indian bureau dominance, indefinitely among the Chippewas there has (Men employed here dur ing the past summer thfr services of three inspectors, who have, em ployed the most of their time in interviewing a limited number of so-called full blood and warehouse Indians lauding the goodness and sincere friendship I?) of the Indian bureau for the Indians ami voicing the pernicious sentiment advocated by "honest" J. H. Hinton and, last but not least, manifesting a decided indifference to the needs and requests of the progressive classes especially the mixed-blood element. &* The lamentable admission of "honest" John H. Hinton, super intendent, in his garrulous plaint of August 19, 1918, that during the fiscal year ending June 30, rations valued at $12,- Senator John T. Morgan, of Ala bama, member of the Indian Sen ate Committee and Senator Cush man K. Davis, ex Governor of W**J Minnesota. And the following 50.16 had been issued to 746 men distinguished persons were sum moned to appear before the Com mittee as witnesses: George Dix, a former assistant clerk of the agency office Col. Allen, of the Merchants Hotel, St. Paul, Minn. General Henry L. Sibley, ex Gov ernor of Minnesota Hon. Henry M. Rice, ex-U. S. Senator. Minne sota, afterwards chairman of the Minnesota Chippewa Commission created by the legislature of 1889 Hon. George W. Sweet Govern or Milliam Marshall Hon. R. Blakely Bishop Thomas L. Grace Dr. David Day* Postmaster, St. Paul, Minn. and the late Rt. Rev. Bishop Henry Benjamine Whipple. All of these distinguished gentle men, most of whom have gone to their final reward, were well known and highly respected among the Chippewas for their unswerv ing loyalty and advocacy of justice and fair play in the interests of their tribal and political affairs. In a conversation relating to the subject of the proposed investiga tion. Senator John T. Morgan said: "We, the committee, wanted to obtain the view* of men well qualified by their knowledge and experience to enlighten as con earning the advisability of the tally and physically disabled In dians," more properly speaking non-progressive full bloods "warehouse" Indians, leading a listless existence for the most part or indulging in their favorite past time of cabalistic brush councils, pernicious and demoralizing and decidedly antagonistic to the best interests of their progressive mixed-blood kindreds and the principles of a higher civilization generally and usually with the knowledge and sanction of Indian bureau officicals, and this too after twenty five or more years of paternal government stewardship and the prodigal expenditure of nearly $6,000,000 of the Chippewa tribal fund, with practically no material evidence of beneficial re sults for the people interested, furnishes most incriminating evi dence of stupidity, and rank in competency of the stewardship personel as also the utter worth lessness and demoralizing tenden cies of Indian bureau management of the affairs of the Minnesota Chippewas. Again THE TOMAHAWK reiterates its former decision, often ex pressed, that it is high time that Indian barssu dominance, in so far White Earth, Becker Cunty, Minnesota, as the 'Minnesota Chippewas are concerned, more. especially the White Earth bands, be abolished once and forever. "Practicable." Section 3 of **An act for the relief and civilization of the Chip pewa Indians in the State of Min nesota," Jan. 14, 1889, 25 Stats., 642, provides among other things, for allotment of lands to all of said Indians: as soon as PRACTI CABLE under the direction of said Commissioners, be allotted lands in severalty *o THE BED LAKE INDIANS ON RED LAKE RES ERVATioN^and* W?all Indian? on White Etrth Reserva tion, in conformity with the act of February 8th, 1887," etc. The latter act stipulates "that if any one entitled to an allotment shall fail to make a selection within FOUR YEARS,after the President shall direct that allotments be made on a PARTICULAR reser vationi the Secretary of the Inter ior may direct the agent of such tribe or band, if such there be, and if there is no agent, ih^n a special agent appointed for that purpose, to make a. selection for such Indian, which selection shall be allotted as in cases where selec tions are made dy the Indians, and patents.shall be issued in like manner?" At the time the Chip pewa Commission was estopped from making allotments on July 21, 1900, eighteen years ago, all of the Minnesota Chippewa In dians, excepting the Red Lake Indians, had been allotted lands. And notwithstanding the pertinent fact that THIRTY YEARS have elapsed since the passage of the act which provided for the allot ment of lands to the Red Lake In dians these self same Indians have not yet been allotted lands in severalty. Today the Red Lake Indians number between 1,500 and 1,800 persons the number of available men fit for army or naval service is conceded to be about 400 men. And because of the fact that these Indians have not yet been allotted lands they are NOT SUBJECT TO MILITARY OR NAVAL SERVICE and they are the only people in the Commonwealth of Minnesota who are thus favored and this through gross neglect and chronic dilatory policy of the Indian bureau. This deplorable condition of affairs is not only an injustice to the Minnesota Chip pewa Indians but to the white population of the-State likewise. We are reliably informed that a large number of the Red Lake Indians have, for the past several years, been anxious to have land allotted to them that many of them are prevented from engaging in farming pursuits on a large scale for the very potent reason that they have no definite know ledge as to the final location of their allotments, if such a conclu sion should ever come to pass. Is not thirty years an ample reasonable time in which to fin/illy define the meaning and purpose of the word "practicable" and as embodied in the Congressional act above referred to? THE TOMAHAWK is willing to wager that had there been no "pine timber or tribal funds" in sight the definition of the word would long, long since have been observed and put into practice. Resd THE TOMAHAWK, fl.50. -.j**fV.y& 1 HE TojyiAHAWK OFFICIAL ORGAN O THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth before Favor." _L_ju"i other of said 52 issuss Thursday, October 10, 1918. An Incompetent Injun." "Washington, D. Sept. 30, (Special)There are five notches on the Springfield rifle manipulated on the American sector in France by Charles Bellecourt, of White Earth, Minn." Lieut. Charles Bellecourt, of the marine corps, is a White Earth boy, the son of Mrs. Isabelle Belle court \f this village. His father, Eustace Bellecourt, or as some nign it Estash Belcore, was a mem ber of Co. M, Second Regiment of Cavalry, Minnesota Vol., and died here a few years ago. His brother, Paul Bellecourt. is "somewhere in France," lighting for liberty, humanity and world democracy. Let's see, it was this same Charley Bellecourt who, about a year or so ago, had a sum of money to bis credit at the agency office and, One day, proceeded to present himself at the said office adH courteously requested that his money be paid to him and, we are informed, that his request was ignored, turned down cold, on the flimsy contemptible pretext that the Superintendent, John H. Hin ton and his "incompetent court" had adjudged him an "incompe- tent." And on his insisting that his rights in the premises be re spected he was bluntly informed that if he did not keep quiet and peacefully get out he "would be put out." It is highly probable that Lieut. Charles Bellecourt and other reservation loyal soldier boys' experience on the French battle front and who are exacting due respect and courtesy from the a= murderous Huns for loya can manhood will serve die good turn on their return home to the extent that if any impromptu parvenu per chance should order them to "get out or be put out" it will be 'tother feller who is likely to get out and don't you forget it. Indians Ask Greater Con trol of Affairs. More Liberty Also Bounded it Contention of Society of Aauricant Indians. The seventh annual conference of the Society of American Indians closed its sessions at Pierre, S. D., last week. The following officers were elected: President, Dr. Charles Eastman of Amherst, Mass. fire-t vice president, v. Philrp Gordon, Reserve, Wis vice president on' education, Rev. Henry Roe Cloud, Wichita, Kan. vice president on membership, Dewitt Hare, Minneapolis vice president on legislation, Charles B. Carter, Washington, D. secretary-treasurer, Mrs. Gertrude Bonnin, Washington, D. C. The general tone of the conven tion was that of a demand or plea, according to the speaker, for greater liberty and control of their own affairs. In this the talks ran the scale from demands for im mediate demobilization of the federal Indian department as use less and only kept in existence for patronage purposes, to pless for more rapid action in the present When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every diy in the year (except Sunder) to supply you with any end everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. TheB.L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, Hinnesota. Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. !f\ mm =*AjSSo9Sf" *?-*g- Ame^5lV of-granting citizenship hile the Indians from the East were decided in their view that the Indian is ready to take up the duties of citizenship, one old Sioux who required an interpreter to express his views was not so cer tain. He wanted citizenship rights and control of his property to a degree. He wanted the govern ment to so transfer half of his land so that the holder could not part with it in less than 25 years, but that he be given the other half to dispose of as he willed. The place of the next raeeing is left to the executive committee to decide. The 4th Liberty Loan is GET BUSY. here- White Earth Bus and Ex press Line. P. C. MARTIN, Prop. Let me do your DRAYINQ between White Earth and Ogema. My prices are right, and satis faction guaranteed. White Earth, Minn. Advertise in THE it brings results. TOMAHAWK.