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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, October 10, 1918, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1918-10-10/ed-1/seq-5/

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Young Men of United States Urged to En
list in Student Training Corps
By Dr. P. P. CLAXTON, United States Gmmiatiooer of Education
"How can I render the most valuable service to
my country during the period of the war?" Every
young man over eighteen is asking himself this ques
The war department has just offered a new answei
to the question. It says: "Enter college if you are
fitted to do so or return to college if you are already
enrolled, and enlist in the student army training corps."
By enlisting in' the student army training corps
you will become a member of the United States army.
You will receive a uniform and be given military
drill under officers detailed by the war department. During the early
part of your course you will receive ten hours of military instruction
a week, six of which will be academic work, for which military credit
is given, such as mathematics, English, foreign languages, history,
science, etc. You will be carefully rated both by the college authori-
ties and by the military officers, who will help you to discover a
special line of military service for which you have the greatest capacity
and preference. Later in your course you will have an opportunity to
specialize in a branch of training designed to fit you to become an officer
of field artillery, medical or engineer officer, an expert in some technical
or scientific service, and so on.
On reaching the age ofjwenty-one you must register with your local
1oard You may remain in college until your call is reached under the
selective service law. At that time it will be decided whether you will
be called, immediately to active service or whether you should remain in
college to complete the course you are pursuing. The decision witt depend,
upon the needs of the service and upon your achievements in your mili-
tary work and in your studies as determined by the military officers at
the college and by the college authorities.
During the summer you will have an opportunity to attend a sum-
mer camp for intensive military training.' Your traveling expenses to
iand from camp will be paid and you will be on active duty under pay
iand subsistence by the war department.
As a member of the student army training corps yon will be subject
to call to active duty at any time in case of emergency. If you desire to1
enter active service before completing your college training, transfer to
active duty may be arranged through military channels with the consent
of the military officers at the college and of the college officials. It will
be the policy of the government, however, to allow you to remain in college
until you reach the age of twenty-one, or until you complete your course.
Previously there have been two methods by which a young man
might enter the national service. He might either enlist voluntarily-
as a private in the army or-a seaman in the navy, or he might remain
in civilian life until called into active service at the age of twenty-one
under the selective service law. The student army training corps rep-
resents a third method of entering the service which has special advan-
tages for young men fitted to go to college.
For further information concerning the student army training corps
apply to any college which you desire to attend or to the committee on
education and special training, war department, Washington, D. C.
Yankees Feel the Ties of Kinship With
Canadians Drawing Closer
Over the line Canadians and Americans fraternize as neighbors do
over the back fence. Sometimes they cross from one side and settle on
the other. The stocky Canuck from Quebec province moves into Maine
and raises his log house among the pines ranchers from Montana and
Dakota go northward to till the rich plains of Alberta and Manitoba.
They intermarry and the children are Canadians or Americansthey
might just as weU be one as the other.
For there is no lurking suspicion, no veiled distrust between us and
our brother of the north. We are of the same race, live by the same ideals.
Of all our national relationships our closest is with him. He is not
only our nearest neighbor but he is our nearest of kin. There have been
times when we envied him the riches of his vast empire yet to come, his
well-administered laws, his thrifty competence where we have been care-
less and slovenly, his sturdy honesty.
Canadians rose from desk and bench, locked the shop and closed the
ledger, left the plow in the furrow and the pick in the mine breast, not
alone to help England in her need but to preserve the creed that their
race has lived,by since John met the barons at Runnymede.
What our brother of the north did in France and Flanders is now
matter of history. Writ larger, than the Plains of Abraham are Yprea
and Loos, from this time forth names of heroic invocation.
American Boys "Over There" are Well
Provided for in All Details
Parents and friends need not fear that the bodily wants of their
boys in France are not well provided for. Many times I have shared
the soldier's mess and have never failed to get a good meal. There are
no frills about the service, naturally, but all the essentials are there
wholesome food, ample in quantity and well cooked.
Hospital conditions are vastly improved. Now a sick or wounded boy
oan count on being treated in a well-equipped hospital by the best Ameri-
can surgeons and nurses. I chanced to be at an "evacuation hospital"
somewhere in France the day Archie Roosevelt was brought to it with
leg and an arm badly smashed. So well prepared was the hospital to
meet just such an emergency that his temperature never rose a single
degree above normal.
The simple, regular, outdoor Jife has done wonders for the health
of the boys. Their chests broaden, their cheeks grow ruddy, their muscles
harden, their eyes brighten, they gain in weight "Does my boy look very
fat?" asked the mother of a boy I had seen a few weeks befcre. "He
writes he has put on twenty pounds." "No," I answered, lie wasn't fat
at all. He is now just the line, big, husky lad that nature always intended
Jum to be*
Street Scene l* Sao Paulo.
or, to use the English
equivalent, St. Paul, is the capi
ta arid business metropolis of
on of Brazil's greatest states.
Of the 20 states, one territory and one
federal district into which the great
southern republic is divided, the state
of Sao Paulo and its splendid capital
stand among the most progressive
units of the entire nation.
The state, says the Bulletin of the
Pan-American Union, in territory is
larger than the five New England
states of North America, with Pennsyl
vania added, or an area 'of 112300
square miles, embracing undulating
plain and valley with several low
mountain ranges extending across the
country. More than three-fourths of
the state lie within the region of the
tropic of Capricorn, and about one
eighth of Brazil's 24,000,000 people re
side within its boundaries. Nature has
divided this territory into two distinct
regionsthat bordering the Atlantic
ocean for nearly 400 miles, where the
temperature is hot and moist and
where bananas, coconuts, cacao,
oranges and other tropical products
grow in abundance. This coastal plain
Is narrow in the north, but gradually
broadens to 80 miles or more near the
southern boundary of the state. West
ward from the low mountains.border
ing the coastal plain the country is
higher and well suited to agricultural
crops, of which coffee growing is the
most Important In recent years va
rious other crops have been Introduced
more generally and are now additional
Important industries, which, together
with stock raising, are greatly increas
ing private and public revenues.
Climbing the Coast range or the Ser
ra do Mar (at some places 3,000 feet
high) by the railroad between the sea
at Santos and Sao Paulo city, a dis
tance of 50 miles, we perceive changes
in temperature and note how the coun
try gradually and in places precip
itously rises as the train moves west
ward. At Sao Paulo the altitude is
about 2,500 feet, while the state as a
whole averages 2,000 feet above the
level of the sea. There are many high
er elevations along the mountain
ranges. The streams flowing to the
Atlantic are short, while those which
carry their waters northwestward, fol
lowing the "lay of the land," are of con
siderable else, the largest being the
Tiete river, which has been harnessed
to supply the city of Sao Paul with
electric power, and also with Water for
domestic uses. This river traverses
almost the entire length of the state,
flowing in a northwesterly direction.
One of Brazil's Oldest Cities.
Sao Paulo, the state capital, is one
of Brazil's oldest cities, its fragmen
tary history dating from 1500, when
the Portuguese discovered the country.
Passing over many eventful periods,
Sao Paul has outgrown its youthful
years and stands today as a great city
the third in commercial Importance
of the South American continent. Sur
rounding the city we flad a fertile roll
ing country, devoted largely to coffee
and other crops. The state Is credited
with 2,000,000 acres devoted to coffee
growing, representing an outlay of
9300,000,000, and producing annually
about 60 per cent of the world's cof
fee* the bulk of Which trade centers la
the capital. Furthermore, the network
of 7,000 miles of railroads connecting
the city with adjoining states is re
sponsible for making Sao Paul an In
terstate rather than a local outlet and
trading mart
The area of the city proper covers
about 14 square miles, and Its popu
lation of nearly 500,000 inhabitants
has quadrupled during the last 90
years. About 35 per cent of the peo
ple are foreigners, the Italians being
greatest in number, followed by Ger
mans, Portuguese, Spaniards, French,
and English. There Is a sprinkling of
North Americans, who represent some*
thing like 50 different commercial In
terests in the United States. The
city's birth rate growth of 40.80 per
1,000 inhabitants has been largely
'augmented by a constant flow of Euro
pean immigration, while the death
rate of 20.505 per 1,000 indicates the
healthy condition of the people.
Streets Afford Broad Contrasts.
Sao Paulo's streets are both ancient
and modern. The narrow and often
congested business thoroughfares con
trast strikingly with the broad ave
nues that cross the city and extend
through the newer suburban sections.
In the latter we And such an abun
dance of shade trees that one is re
minded of Washington, while the Inrge
number of detached private residences
suggest Denver or Buffalo. In Sao
Paolo, too, we And types of the chalet,
the Moorish palace, the French Ben
nalssance, and other features of archi
tecture more or less modified to suit
local conditions. The Tiete river,
passing, through the northern sub
urbs of Sao Paulo, Is an extremely
crooked stream, and numerous afflu
ent* flowing through the city In vari
ous directions seem to have Influenced
the early builders and some of the
oldest streets are crooked or wind
The business heart of the city, often
referred to as the triangle, is served
by active streets locally known as
mas. Thus Bua Sao Prento, Bua
Qulnse de Novembro, and Rua Dlretta
are among the most Important In the
so-called, triangle district Overlook
ing the Largo do Palaclo, also In the
midst of business life, stands the gov
ernment palace. From this point
streets and avenues radiate to all
parts of the city and suburbs. In this
business area the city blocks are not
so regular or uniform as are the new*
flections of Sao Paulo. The Aven
Ida Tlradentes extends northward to
the Tiete from the center of the city
the Avenlda Rangel Pestana opens a
direct course to the eastward, passing
one of the leading markets. Three
thoroughfares leading to the south
ward, Ruas Liberdade, Santo Amaro,
and Consolacao, provide direct ac
cess to the magnificent Avenlda Paul
lata, by fsr the most beautiful boule
vard of the capital. The principal
business streets of the city are paved
with asphalt and other materials, a
feature that has encouraged the use
of motor vehicles of sll descriptions.
(Last year Sao Paulo Imported more
automobiles than any other city of
the country.)
The numerous parks of the city re
fleet large sums of money that havt
been expended In making them at*
tractive. In numerous cases artificial
lakes, natural streams, rustic bridges,
statues, fine shade trees, and blooming,
flowers offer attractions to citizen and
stranger alike.
Sao Paulo is a city of wealth, in
dividual as well as official. Agricul
ture and Industry have made many
private fortunes, and these fortunes
are reflected In the unusual number of
palatial homes In the city proper and
In the suburbs. No eliaaher can drive
about the city without noticing the vast
amount of capital and the diversified
architectural talent that has been
called to provide for Sao Paulo'e
wealthy residents.
Writing Paper tor -Seldlsrs*
Three hundred million sheets
writing paper have been ordered fat
the free use of American soldiers at
home and abroad. The T. M. A
has ordered 200.000.000 letterheads fet
Immediate distribution to the campi
and cantonments In this country ask
100.00n.000 letterheads to be seat to
the American expeditionary force*
within the next three er four
rAC& 3 r&on
eiG ernes
As He Remarked, He Was Slinker Only 'in Name
EW YORK.After driving around Central park in an Automobile with a
party of men friends who disappeared and left him to pay the fare, a man.
describing himself as John Slinker, fifty-two years old, of 517 West Forty-
eighth street, was arraigned in the
West side court before Magistrate
Groehl, when he created a scene in
tlte street, while insisting that he
wouldn't pay more than 80 cents for
the drive, as he was only one-sixth of
the party.
"Why don't you pay the man,"
said Magistrate Groehl "it's only
"My goodness, judge, I haven't
that much in the world," Slinker re
piled. After some deliberation the
magistrate, with the approval of the chauffeur, consented to suspend sentence
if the man paid the 80 cents.
Shoving his hand down in his right-hand trousers pocket, he brought forth
a roll of bills which astonished the court. It bristled with $100 notes.
With a twist of his finger he peeled off a $100 greenback and handed it to
the dumfounded chauffeur, while laughter filled the courtroom.
"Give me my change," he said.
This the taxlcab driver couldn't do and the court interfered bp saying,
"Here, my good man, pay the full bill. I thought your funds were limited."
"Oh, no, Judge I heard you the first time 80 cents is the limit," ejaculated
the prisoner. "All right," said the court "pay him the 80 cents."
The prisoner fumbled with the roll a minute or so, couldn't find anything
but bills of large denominations, and down went his hand in his left-hand
trouser pocket and it came out with another bunch of greenbacks., He pulled
off a dollar bill and handed it to the driver. Turning to the policeman, ho
said: "Here's $200 for your trouble, and, judge, you're deserving of $50here."
The judge sat back In his chair and roared with laughter. Of course, tho
officials refused the money, and Slinker started out of the courtroom. When
he got to the door he suddenly discovered that he didn't have his 20 cents change
and he went back and got It. As he finally passed out he remarked: "I'm
Slinker, In name only."
Tore Hats of Woma She Says Too Husband
Dell F'owler, twenty-three years old, well dressed
an attractive daughte of former United States Senator Levi Ankeny of
Walla Walla, Wash., was arrested on charges of grand larceny and malicious
mischief, ufter she had administered a
beating to the woman she claims has
stolen her husband's affections.
Mrs. Fowler was arrested as she
was leaving the Atherstone apart
ments at 545 O'Fnrrell street, with a
tailored gown and an expensive fur
coat which she says her husband had
purchased for Miss Trlxie Leslie, the
woman she alleges to have supplanted
According to Mrs. Fowler's story
to the police, she and Fowler were
married in 1015. That they might acquire sufficient money to go into business
she says she went on the vaudeville stage as a musician, assisting her husband
financially. Some months ago Fowler established himself in business here, and
his wife says she returned to San Francisco again to make her home with him.
She says she then learned that her husband was attentive to Miss Leslie
and she went to Miss Leslie's apartments. According to the police, Mrs,
Fowler attacked her husband on entering the place and he fled down a fire
She then turned to Miss Leslie, who ran from the apartment, screaming foi
a policeman. Patrolman James Culllnan responded and found Mrs. Fowler
leaving with the garments in her possession and with a suitcase filled with
letters and telegrams.
Action When Mrs. Schenska Went "Over the Top"
were responsible. They started an offensive which had a
most sanguinary conclusion. Little Reglna Schenska went to H. Dok-
torsky's bakery shop at 1102 North Ashland avenue to buy three fresh eggs.
When Reglna got home the eggs were
broken. Mother Schenska took a sniff I'LL FIKwiUS
at them. A moment later, with blood
In her eye and the shattered eggs in
her hand, she sallied forth to battle.
Doktorsky was there in his shop.
With an aim that belled woman's
traditional inaccuracy, Mrs. Schenska
went over the top. Doktorsky tried XJ33H "N-
to scramble away from the eggs, but ^f*je Vjy^^P*^
In vain. In a moment he looked like JSK ^J^^^^ZmTK lj/
an eggnog. In the shop were three h""*"""'"^^S^sv^5 I
generations of Dbktorskys of the dead
lier species. They launched a counter-attack on Mrs. Schenska. Casualties
were heavy and it began to look like a rout for Mrs. Schenska when the tall
and forbidding figure of Henry Schenska darkened the door.
From the workshop ran the foreman of the shop. Schenska picked up a
large chunk of plate glass and smote the foreman on the head. The foreman
called it off and lay down peaceably.
Doktorsky thought of his home and hearth and grabbed for the canned
pickles. He bounced them with venom from Schenska'a head.
Schenska leaped for the Gold Dust Twins, while his valorous spouse began
to hurl vermicelli in jars.
Re-enforcements came from the rearsix brawny union bakers. They in-
stituted a flying tackle at Schenska, who reached the door first, but minus hla
In the street the battle continued, with Mrs. Schenska on the sidelines
coaching her husband and shrieking Ashland avenue epithets at all bakers. A
crowd gathered and applauded.
Then the police came.
After All, What's two Weeks in the Guardhouse?
ANSAS CITY.She long had been a friend of the Daw brothers. She had
"gone with" Ben, the elder, and was a regular "sister* to Tom. So when
she knew both would have to go to war she grieved some, smiled a lot and
spent most of her time writing letters
and making candy.
Ben got to France a year before
his "kid" brother. He saw action
and won the aold service stripe and
longed for the day when it might be
possible to show Tom around. Like
wise, Tom hoped for the time he could
meet Corporal Ben on the firing line.
In the meantime she worked as
sponsor for the Daws. Then, the other
day, with tilted hat, shining eyes and a
sighing glance at her service pin with
rwo stars, each twinkling for a Daw, she told a friend:
"Tom Daw Is in France. I heard today. In the letter Ben wrote he saM
hla dream of seeing Ton had come tree. He heard Tom's regiment was only
15 miles fwm his.
"So Ben went to his captain and asked for a pass.
'You'll have .to be back In 12 hours.' the captain said, 'and the only wa
you can get there is to walk*"
"Tom utdu't care. He walkedwalked in the night, and tl*ough danger.
Finally he got to Tom's camp and they met. And do you knowthey got to
talking and staying around and having such a good time that It was three days
before Ben returned."
"Three days!" the astonished friend cried, recalling rigid rules. "What'A
the captain do7*
-*Dor she echoed calmly. "Oh, nothing. Just put hla hi the guardhouse
i tsmraie of weeks."

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